THE MICHIGAN- DAILY
sATU DA , JUNE 1, 1940
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Published every morning except Monday during the
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NIGHT EDITOR: A. P. BLAUSTEIN
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Potpourri .. .
O N NOVEMBER 12 more than 40,000-
000 Americans are expected to go
to the polls to name their choice for the presi-
dency; now, in May, the big question is "who
will be the candidates chosen in the June and
July primaries that will be voted for?"
In the Democratic camp the major query in-
volves the third term question, with party lead-
ers all over the country conceding Mr. Roosevelt
the nomination if he wants it, telling him mere-
ly to say the word and it is his.
As yet, however, Mr Roosevelt has made no
statement. Asked a few months ago by an am-
bitious reporter in a press conference if he
was going to run again, the President answered
caustically that the reporter should sit in the
corner with a dunce cap on his head for posing
such a question. For a long time people have
been expecting FDR to make a definite pro-
nouncement but, even at this late date it seeins
that anyone's guess is as good as anyone else's.
It is believed by many political observers that
the European War will be a great factor in
influencing the President to run again. He is
far and away the candidate possessing the
greatest knowledge of foreign and military af-
fairs and his overseas policies have been met
with great favor throughout most of the coun-
IF FDR does not offer himself as a candidate,
or refuses the nomination after it is ten-
dered to him, the Democratic race will be wide
open. It is believed, however, that, following
the precedent set by such other powerful chief
executives as Jackson and Theodore Roosevelt,
that he will choose his successor.
As yet the President's "favorite son" is not
known. Some time ago Pearson and Allen in
the Washington Merry-Go-Round declared that
FDR would like to see Sen. Robert LaFollett,.
Jr., of Wisconsin, in the White House, but t\at
possibility seems quite far-fetched since Sen-
ator "Bob" has begun discussing the question
of a third party with New York's Fiorello La-
Other possible choices are Cordell Hull, whose
age .is the only thing against him; Harry Hop-
kins, who is much more popular in White House
circles than in the rest of the nation; Bennett
Champ Clark of Missouri and Burton K. Whee-
ler, of Montana, who have attracted quite a
graet deal of public attention; Henry Wallace,
whose farm policy is greatly admired by FDR,
and those two politicians extraordinaire, James
A. Farley and Paul V. McNutt.
ON THE REPUBLICAN SIDE, to all outward
appearances, Mr. Dewey is far in front.
However, although it is conceded that he is the
best GOP vote getter, he is reputed to be "in
bad" with the organization men. The latter
have claimed that they didn't like the young
New York district attorney because of his arro-
gance and failure to take advice from them.
These organization men are now split into two
camps supporting Taft and Vandenberg
Of these two, Vandenberg is definitely the
"organization man" while Taft seems to be the
better vote getter. The former's weakness was
shown in the victories Dewey scored over him
in the Wisconsin, Illinois, Nebraska and New
7.t . ar.a
WASHINGTON-No story of national defense
is complete without digging into the problem
of supplies for the Army and Navy and the
patent monopolies which hike the taxpayer's
cost of protecting the U.S.A. It yields pay dirt.
It shows that Germany actually controls some
of the patents most vital to the Army and
Navy and is making this country pay through
the nose for them. Also it shows that some
American business men have been cooperating
with Germany in gouging the Army and Navy.
Finally, it shows that the U.S. Government has
been woefully negligent in breaking up these
monopolies and in peacetime preparation to se-
cure vital wartime materials.
Take, for instance, the giant Krupp muni-
tions firm of Germany. The War Departmltt
has found that it controls no less than 228
American patents for military equipment. And
if the U.S. Army wants to use them it must (1
pay the price set by the Germans in cooperatioi
with American firms; and (2) reveal vital sta-
tistics regarding amounts of military equipment
used. Thus Germany always has definite in-
formation regarding the armed strength of the
It would not be possible for Krupp or other
German firms to hold most of these patents
were it not for the connivance of American
business. In many cases American firms take
out the patents for them. In fact, the Justice
Department has unearthed a letter from Dr.
Engelhardt of the giant Siemens-Halske A. G.
to the Metal and Thermit Corporation, its
American agent, asking Or. F. H. Hirschland of
the Metal and Thermit Corp. to take out patents
in the name of that company.
Furthermore, many of the German patents
are weak and could be broken. But American
firms have preferred to cooperate with Ger-
many and in some cases hold up the U.S. armed
services, rather than contest the patents,
Squeeze The Army
HERE,FOR INSTANCE, is a letter from an
American manufacturere of importantanil-
itary equipment who uses German patents.
Dated November 22, 1929, the letter reads:
"A great many of the patents that we are
operating under are very weak and if we wished
to, we could break them ourselves and not pay
royalties, but good business judgment, I believe,
justifies the idea of paying royalties even on
weak patents in order to maintain a price
control picture that is helpful."
In other words, the "price control" is "help-
ful" in keeping the price up to the U.S. Army
Whether through luck or foresight, the Ger-
mans have reached into some of the industries
most vital to American national defense. F
instance, beryllium is a metal of great im-
portance to the manufacture of airplane parts.
Yet the American patents for beryllium are
controlled by Siemens-Halske of Germany
through the Beryllium Corporation of America.
Another vital military alloy is chromium plat-
ing, which is used in rifle barrels and machine
guns. But the American patents for it are con-
trolled by Germany, and the Justice Department
has evidence that detailed information regard-
ing the number of rifles and artillery in the
possession of the United States Army are passed
on by Germany to other European countries.
Meanwhile, American munition companies
have sold or leased their patents on a wholesale
basis to Germany and other foreign military
establishments. Most of the Nazi airplanes now
raining death on the cities and battlefields of
Allied Europe are built from basic American
patents. (Details regarding this will follow in
a subsequent Merry-Go-Round column.)
Who Pays For Rubber
UNFORTUNATELY, German companies are
not alone in holding up the U.S. Army and
Navy. In 1938, more than 6,000 bids to sell sup-
plies to the Army and Navy were identical.
The companies had got together in advance
and decided to rook Uncle Sam.
The Anti-Trust Division of the Justice De-
partment has been trying to get additional
funds with which to break up this collusive bid-
ding, but so far Congress has not been helpful.
Apparently it would prefer to let private cor-
porations gouge the armed forces.
Meanwhile, the State and Agriculture De-
partments have shown amazing nonchalance
regarding two other raw materials absolutely
essential to the United States in peace and war
-tin and rubber.
Last year, when Brazilian Foreign Minister
Aranha visited the United States, he asked that
two Department of Agriculture experts come
to Brazil to study the problem of supplying
the United States with rubber. The State De-
partment liked the idea, but the bureaucrats
in the Agriculture Department hemmed aad
hawed about who was going to pay the travel-
ing expenses of the experts.
Agricultural bureaucrats were not willing to
spend $2,000 to help make the United States
independent of -the Dutch-British rubber monop-
oly, which now is in danger of being cut off by
the Japanese and Germans the minute they are
* * *
WITH the surrender of Belgium, U.S. military
observers believe they now have the key to
ident of Commonwealth and Southern, ant
Gov. Bricker, of Ohio, are the two leading "dark
horses." The former came into prominence as
a candidate when Alfred E. Smith recommended
him in a. nublic addres in Anril and the latter
the amazing capitulation earlier in the war of
Belgium's supposedly impregnable forts and the
alleged secret weapons used by the Germans.
So far as U.S. Army experts can find out,
and they have gone into it very carefully, it
was no secret weapon. The only secret was a
strong belief on the part of the Belgian High
Command that it was a mistake to resist Ger-
many. This was partially, though not entirely,
shared by King 'Leopold himself.
As the war continued, however, Leopold swung
more and more to this view. He was heart-
broken over the destruction of Louvain and
other Belgian centers of culture. He also saw at
first hand the lack of cooperation between the
French and the British and became convinced
that they could not win.
Furthermore, Germany envoys were in con-
ference with him during the terrific pounding
which the Nazis were giving the Belgian army
on the River Lys. And they pointed out that
even if the Allies won the war, which was highly
doubtful, every town and village in Belgium
would be destroyed; and there would be no
reparations money forthcoming from Germany
or any other country to pay for the damage.
All countries would be ruined.
Finally, it is important to note that Belgium
is divided into two racial groups, and the Flem-
ish population has leaned towards Germany.
Of late King Leopold had been flirting with
them, and this accounts in part for his absolute
refusal to have any military defense talks with.
France even when Norway was invaded.
It was a foregone conclusion that the Belgian
Cabinet wold oppose Leopold's decision. They
were in Paris along with several hundred thou-
sand other Belgian refugees. Naturally they
did not want to take a stand which would jeo-
pardize the position of these refugees in France.
As for the surrender of Belgium's famous line
of fortresses, U.S. military experts have cabled
from the front that no secret weapons or gases
were used, and that by every rule of warfare
they should have stood out against any enemy
for at least three to four weeks. Undoubtedly
it was the general sentiment inside the Belgian
High Command, later shared by King Leopold,
which caused their surrender,
Price Of Italian Neutrality
WHILE FRENCH ARMIES were fighting des-
perately near the Channel ports last week,
French diplomats were negotiating just as
desperately to keep Mussolini from throwing
Italy into war.
These negotiations boiled down to the cold-
blooded question of price-how much the Ital-
ian dictator demanded to refrain from throwing
his army at the rear of France.
The price was high. Mussolini demanded six
French Departments (provinces) along the bor-
der between France and Italy. This included
Nice, Cannes, Grenoble, and the entire slice
of Alpine territory extending from the Mediter-
ranean to Lake Geneva.
By THE MAD HATTER
OUR ROOMMATE pulled one on us last night
that has kept us on our heels all day. The
incient might appear trivial at first, but there's
a significance to it, and it's stunning.
We had just finished the latest Buster Boys
book "The Buster Boys in the Fifth Column,"
15,000 words, .25, and were ready for sleep when
he roused himself out of what seemed like a
sound sleep, turned to us and snarled, "Yah,
but what if they send the whole German Navy
over?" Whereupon, he rolled back on his stom-
ach, grunted and resumed his nightmare.
From then on sleep was not for us. We tried,
and often, but it was just no go. Always we kept
thinking: Who was going to do this sending?
And where would they send it? And when?
Or even, why?
Thoughts like these got us so panicky that
we spent the whole morning in bed under the
covers and wouldn't see anyone, our lips were
twitching so. We even had our mail slid in
under the door and took to eating our tooth-,
paste, just to keep from thinking of what lay
We don't intend to speak to the fellow about
it at all; the boy is too far gone already, w*
fear. Instead, we propose a quiet return to
religion for him, and the complete elimination
of striped shirts from his wardrobe. As for us?
We don't know, but we are beginning to face
each fresh day with a sick dread. Our day
* * *
IN THIS WORLD of today, where so much is
rumor and hearsay, it is good indeed to find
one man who is ever firm, ever steadfast. This
column is proud to announce that it has un-
earthed just such a man.
This fellow, a member of LIFE'S editorial
staff, proved himself worthy of reward by his
treatment of that magazine's recent feature on
the Great Lakes. On the second page of this
splurge, we find a small picture of the Soo
Canal, with the cut-liaes beginning:-
The Soo Canal, whose official name is
the St. Mary's Falls Canal, is one ...
SATURDAY, JUNE 1, 1940
VOL. L. No. 177
Seniors: The firm which furnishes
diplomas for the University has sent
the following caution: Please warn
graduates not to store diplomas in
cedar chests. There is enough of the
moth-killing aromatic oil in the aver-
age cedar chest to soften inks of any
kind that might be stored inside them,
resulting in seriously damaging the
Shirley W. Smith
Student Accounts: Your attention
is called to the following rules passed
by the Regents at their meeting of
February 28, 1936:
"Students shall pay all accounts due.
the University not later than the last
day of classes of eachtsemester or
Summer Session. Student loans.
which fall due during any semester
or Summer Session which are not
paid or renewed are subject to this
regulation; however, student loans
not yet due are exempt. Any unpaid
accounts due at the close of business
on the last day of classes will be re-
ported to the Cashier of the Univer-
" (a) All academic credits will be
withheld, the grades for the semes-
ter or Summer Session just complet-
ed will not be released, and no tran-
script of credits will be issued.
" (b) All students owing such ac-
counts will not be allowed to register
in any subsequent semester or Sum-
mer Session until payment has been
S. W. Smith, Vice-President
Apparatus Exchange: The Regents
at their meeting in March, 1927, au-
thorized an arrangement. for the sale
of scientific apparatus by one de-
partment to another, the proceeds
of the sale to be credited to the
budget account of the department
from which the apparatus is trans-
Departments having apparatus
which is not in active use are advised
to send description thereof to the
University Chemistry Store, of which
Prof. R. J. Carney is director. The
Chemistry store headquarters are in
Room 223 Chemistry Building. An
effort will be made to sell the appara-
tus to other departments which are
likely to be able to use it. In some
instances the apparatus may be sent
to the University Chemistry store on
consignment and if it is not sold
within a reasonable time, it will be
returned to the department from
which it was received. The object
of this arrangement is to promote
economy by reducing the amount of
unused apparatus. It is hoped that
departments having such apparatus
will realize the advantage to them-
selves and to the University in avail-
ing themselves of this opportunity.
Shirley W. Smith.
To All Members of the Faculty and
Administrative Staff: If it seems cer-
tain that any telephones will not be
used during the summer months,
please notify the Business Office, Mr.
Peterson. A saving can be effected
if instruments are disconnected for
a period of a minimum of three
Herbert G. Watkins
Commencement Week Programs:
Programs may be obtained on request
after June 3 at the Business Office,
Room 1, University Hall.
Herbert G. Watkins
Commencement Tickets: Tickets
for Commencement may be obtained
on request after June 1 at the Busi-
ness office, Room 1, University Hall.
Inasmuch as only two Yost Field
House tickets are available for each
senior, please present identification
card when applying for tickets.
Herbert G. Watkins
Notice: University Commencement
Announcement: The University Com-
mencement exercises will be held on
Ferry Field, Saturday afternoon,
June 15. The gates open at 5:15 p.m.
Audience should be seated by 6 p.m.
when procession enters the field.
The public address system will be
interfered with by outside sounds,
and the audience is therefore re-
quested to avoid conversation and
moving about. Automobile owners
are asked kindly to keep their ma-
chines away from the vicinity of Ferry
Field during the exercises.
Tickets may be secured at the Busi-
ness Office, University of Michigan,
Room 1, University Hall, until 6 p.m.,
Saturday, June 15. All friends of
the University are welcome to tickets.
There will be no admission without
In case of rain, the exercises will
be transferred to Yost Field House,
to which the special Yost Field House
tickets only will admit. These tickets
are also available at the Business'
Office, Room 1, University Hall, and
vals between 5 and 5:15 p.m. on Com-
Herbert G. Watkins, 1
Assistant Secretary I
Plans for Commencement:
Commencement, Saturday, June 15,]
Time of Assembly, 5:20 p.m. (ex-
PLACES OF ASSEMBLY
Members of the Faculties at 5:30
p.m. in Angell Hall, Room 1223. Rhe-
toric Library where they may robe.
Regents, Ex-Regents, and Deansi
at 5:30 p.m. in Angell Hall, Room
1011, the Regents Room.
Students of the various schools and
colleges, as follows:
Literature, Science and the Arts on
Main Diagonal walk between Library
and Engineering Buildings.
Education on walk North side of
Physiology and Pharmacology Build-
Engineering on Main Diagonal
walk in Engineering Court.
Architecture on Main Diagonal
walk in Engineering Arch (behind
Medicalson diagonal walk between
Chemistry Building and Library.
Nurses on diagonal walk between
Chemistry Building and Library (be-
Law on East and West walk, West
of the intersection in front of Library
Dental Surgery on North and South
walk in rear of North wing of Uni-
Business Administration on walk
in front of Physiology and Pharma-
Forestry and Conservation on walk
in front of Physiology and Pharma-
cology Building (behind Bus. Td.).
Music on diagonal walk from Li-
brary to Alumni Memorial Hall, near1
Graduate on East and West walk
West of Library entrance.
Honor Guard at Waterman Gym-'
Line of March: State Street to
The sounding of the University
Power House Siren at 5:00 to 5:15
will indicate that the exercises have
been transferred to Yost Field House.
Students will proceed directly to
the Field House and enter through
the North doors.
Members of the Faculties will enter
through the north doors and take
their places on the platform in the
Regents, Ex-Regents, Deans and
Candidates for Honory Degrees will
assemble in the office in the North
end of the Feild House.
L. M. Gram, Chief Marshal
Student Loans: There will be a
meeting of the Loan Committee ' in
Room 2, University Hall, on Tues-
day, June 11, for the consideration of
loans for the Summer Session and
fall. All applications to be considered
at this meeting must be filed in
Room 2 on or before Friday, June 7,
and appointments made for inter-
Registration Material: Colleges of
L.S.&A., and Architecture, Schools
of Education, Forestry, and Music:
Summer Session registration mater-
ial may be obtained in Room 4 U.H.,
beginning June 1. Please see your
adviser, secure all necessary signa-
tures, and complete registration be-
fore June 22.
Architect classifiers will post a no-
tice when they are ready to confer.
Robert L. Williams,
To the Members of the Faculty of
the College of Literature, Science and
the Arts: The eighth regular meet-
ing of the Faculty of the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts for
the academic session of 1939-1940
will be held in Room 1025 Angell Hall,
June 3, 1940, at 4:10 p.m.
The reports of the several com-
mittees, instead of being read orally
at the meeting, have been prepared
in advance and are included with this
call to the meeting.sThey should be
retained in your files as part of the~
minutes of the June meeting.
The Registrar's Office again wishes
to express its appreciation to the fac-
ulty of the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts for its splend-
id cooperation during recent sem-
esters in reporting grades for pros-
pective graduates within forty-eight
hours after each examination. Prompt
reporting is necessary this semester
in order that the list of graduates
may be submitted to the Regents on
Thursday preceding Commencement.
The Registrar's Office also reports
that recommendations for depart-
mental honors for members of the
graduating class have already been
made by many departments. Other
departments wishing to make such
recommendations are urged to do so
a. Executive Committee, Professor
W. F. Hunt. b. University Council,
Professor W. G. Rice. c. Executive
Board of the Graduate School, Pro-
fessor A. E. R. Boak. d. Senate Ad-
visory Committee on University Af-
fairs, Professor C. D. Thorpe. e.
Deans' Conference, Dean E. H. Kraus.
4. Elections: a. Six members of the
University Council, five to serve for
three years and one to substitute for
Professor W. B. Pillsbury while he
is absent on leave during the first
semester of 1940-1941.
b. Two members of the Administra-
tive Board. Nominating Cominitte
Professors J. E. Dunlap. Chairmr n,
S. D. Dodge, and L. C. Karpinskl,
5. Retirement of Professors . P.
Thieme and W. B. Ford,.
6. New business.
Faculty, School of Education: The
regular luncheon meeting of the
Faculty will be held Monday, June
3 at the Michigan Union.
To All Students having Library
Books: 1. Students having in their
possession books drawn from the Uni-
versity are notified that such books
are due Monday, June 3.
2. The names of all students who
have not cleared their records at the
Library by Tuesday, June, 4, will be
sent to the Recorder's Office, where
their semester's credits will be held
up until such time as said records are
cleared, in compliance with the regu-
lations of the Regents.
Wm. W. Bishop, Librarian
Teacher's Certificate Candidates,
Juniors: Beginning September 1940,
no student will be permitted to elect
for more hours of credit or for more
clock hours than are regularly provid-
ed to meet the Michigan certifica-
International Center: The Interna-
tional Center will be open as usual
during the examination period, al-
though no special program is planned.
From June 15 to June 21, it will be
closed evenings. It will reopen June
21 and operate on the summer sched-
ule of 9 a.m. to 9 p.m.
All students who are registered
with the Bureau of Appointments for
a teaching or business position are
requested to record their summer ad-
dress at the Bureau before leaving
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
United States Civil Service examina-
tions. Last date for filing applica-
tion will be June 24.
Stationary Fireman (High Pres-
sure), salary $1,320.
Senior Chemist (any specialized
branch), salary $4,600.
Senior Chemical Technologist (any
specialized branch), salary $4,600.
Chemist (Any specialized branch),
Chemical Technologist (any spe-
cialized branch), salary $3,800.
Associate Chemist (any specialized
branch), salary $3,200.
Associate Chemical Technologist
(any specialized branch) salary $3,-
Assistant Chemist, salary $x,600.
Complete announcements on file at
the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
ion, 201 Mason Hall. Office hours:
9-12 and 2-4.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
Michigan Civil Service examinations.
Last date for filing application is
tnoted in each case: ,
Library Aide C, salary range $80-
100, June 21.
Institution Barber B, salary range,
$250-310, June 21.
Architectural Engineer III, salary
range, $95-110, June 21.
Numeric Key Punch Operator C1,
salary range $95-110, June 21.
Alphabetic Key Punch Operator
C1, salary range $95-110, June 21.
Key Punch Supervisor A2, salary
range $115-135, June 21.
Photostat Machine Operator B, sal-
ary range $105-125, June 21.
Tabulating Clerk Cl,
$95-110, June 21.
Tabulating Clerk B,>
$105-125, June 21.
Tabulating Clerk A2,
$115-135, June 21.
Tabulating Clerk Al,
$140-160, June 21.
Medical Social Work Administra-
tor II, salary range $200-240, July 3.
Medical Social Work Administrator
III, salary range $250-310, July 3.
The Bureau for Street Traffic Re-
search of Yale University announces