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May 30, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-05-30

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Weather
Partly Cloudy and Warmer.

i 1: 4r

Sinan

74aiati

Editorial
P(litlcal Club
Offers Training . .

VOL. L. No. 176 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MAY 30, 1940

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Allied Forces Open Floodgates

To Cover Retreat;
Of Cornered Foes

Germans

Expect

Capitulation

. -

$6,821,000
Total Adopted
For 1940-41

Dr. Can by To Deliver
Annual Hopwood Talk
American Tradition And Contemporary Literature
To Be Topic; 1940 Awards Will Be Given

Budget

Year

Board Of Regents Allots
Sum At Special Session;
Figure Exceeds 1939-40
Grant By '$230,000
Faculty Member
Promotions Listed
The Board of Regents adopted a
University budget of more than
$6,821,000 for the fiscal year 1940-
1941 at a special meeting Tuesday,
it was announced yesterday by Doc-
tor Frank E. Robbins, assistant to
the President.
The new budget exceeds the one
allotted for the current year by
nearly $230,000. The current budget
totalled more than $6,590,000. Un-
expended balances from the 1939-
1940 budget and an anticipated in-
crease in income from the fees which
have been raised are expected to
cover the increase, Doctor Robbins
said.
29 Promoted
Twenty-nine members of the fac-
ulty figured in 32 promotions in-
cluded in the new budget. The pro-
motions, listed according to schools
and colleges, follow:
Literarygcollege: James E. Dun-
lap, from associate professor to pro-
fessor of Latin and Greek; Carl L.
Hubbs, from associate professor to
professor of zoology; Walter A.
Reichert, from associate professor to
professor of German; Lewis G. Van-
der Velde, from associate professor
to professor of history; Robert P.
Briggs, from associate professor to
professor of economics; Lawrence 0.
Brockway, from assistant 'professor
to associate professor of chemistry.
Dunham Advanced
Fred S. Dunham, from assistant
professor to associate professor of
Latin; Floyd A. Firestone, from as-
sistant professor to associate pro-
fessor of physics; Harlow J. Hene-
man, from assistant professor to
associate professor of political sci-
ence; Edgar M. Hoover, Jr., from
assistant professor to associate pro-
fessor of economics; Joseph N. Lin-
coln, from assistant professor to
associate professor of Spanish.
William Frankena, from instructor
to assistant professor of philosophy;
Roger H. Gillette, from instructor
to assistant professor of chemistry;
Ermelindo A. Mercado, from instruc-
tor to assistant professor of Spanish;
James F. Rettger, from instructor to
assistant professor of English, and
Robley C. Williams, from instructor
to assistant professor of astronomy.
In addition, Prof. Rudolph H. Gjel-
ness of the library science depart-
ment was appointed to the chair-
manship of the department.
Others Listed
College of Engineering: Ernest F.
Brater, from instructor to assistant
professor of civil engineering, and
Richmond C. Porter, from instructor
to assistant professor of mechanical
engineering.
Medical School: Vincent C. John-
son, from assistant professor to asso-
ciate professor of roentgenology;
James H. Maxwell, from assistant
professor to associate professor of
otolaryngology; Hayden C. Nichol-
(Continued on Page 2)
Governor Pleas
For Readiness
Dickinson States Necessity
For Defense Measures
LANSING, May 29. -(A')- Gover-
nor Dickinson, in a Memorial Da
statement today, asserted Michiga
citizens must "organize and be ready

Before an audience sprinkled with
tense literary aspirants, Dr. Henry
Seidel Canby, one of the central fig-
ures in the modern world of litera-
ture, will deliver the annual Hop-r
wood lecture at 4:15 p.m. tomorrow
in the Rackham Auditorium. The
subject of his address will be "The
American Tradition and Contempor-
ary Literature."
Immediately after Dr. Canby has
delivered his address the names of
those persons to whom Hopwood
prizes for 1940 have been awarded
will be announced.
Last year's prizes amounted to
more than $9,000, and it is possible
that this year's grants may exceed
that figure.
Friday at 8:15 p.m. in the Grand
Rapids Room of the League, Dr.
Canby will be present at an informal
meeting open to all those who have
entered in this year's Hopwood con-
test, including the freshman divi-
sion.
This year the Hopwood contests,
instituted in 1932 with money pro-
vided in the will of the late Avery
Hopwood, playwright, attracted 83
entries from 72 entires in the minor
and major fields of poetry, drama,s
fiction and essay.
Dr.nCanby is popularly recognized
as the author of the widely acknow-
ledged biography, "Thoreau.' In the
years preceding the publication of
that work Dr. Canby edited many
volumes in the American short
story. In 1934 he was co-author of
a collection entitled "Designed for'
Reading."
From1924 to 1934 Dr. Canby edited
the Literary Review, later assuming
the editorship of "The Saturday Re-
view of Literature," which position
he held until 1936.
At present Dr. Canby is chairman
Lo wdermilk Cites
Results Of Misuse,
Land Decadence
"Soil Erosion at Its Worst, and a
Hundred Dead Cities," was the sub-
ject of an illustrated lecture by Dr.
W. C. Lowdermilk, chief of the Soil
Conservation Service, this morning in
the Rackham Amphitheatre.
Dr. Lowdermilk described in gra-
phic detail the effect of long agricul-
tural use of land with resulting de-
cadence and ultimate abandonment
of the land caused by such misuse.
Doctor Lowdermilk then showed pic-
tures taken in southern Europe and
Africa of soil erosion resulting from
poor conservation and crop planning.

HENRY SEIDEL CANBY
of the Board of Judges of the "Book-
of-the-Month" Club. He has been
in that position since 1926.
Dr. Canby's lecture is open with-
out admittance charge to anyone
who wishes to attend.
Play Schedules
Extra Matinees
Record Stage Performance
Requires Added Run
In spite of a record ticket demand
for the Dramatic Season's "The
World We Make", seats are still avail-
able for performances at 3:15 p.m.
and 8:30 p.m. today, tomorrow and
Saturday, it has been announced at
the Lydia Mendelssohn box office.
The third Season offering stars
Madge Evans, supported by Herbert
Rudley, Tito Vuolo and Louis Cal-
hern. Sydney Kingsley, author of
the play, will remain in Ann Arbor
for the extent of his play's run,
University students taking part are
Mary Jordon, '40, Ollieray Bilby, '41
Robert Cohn, '41, Norman Oxhandler,
Jack Silcott, Grad, Nathalie Schur-
man, '42, Hortense Tiger, '40, Mary
Leichty, Barbara Ostheimer, '415M
Marion Conde, '41, and Veitch Pur-
dom, '42.
Also appearing are Margaret Cot-
ton, '42, Joe Baker, '42, Nellie Clark
'41, Jane Grills, '41, Frances Patter-
son, '41, June Madison, '40Ed, Charles
Bowen, 41, Richard Slade, '41, Elaine
Hilpert and Jtoy Rector. '4OEd.

FDR To Ask
New Arms
Allotments
President To Recommend
$600,000 Appropriation
For Army Planes, Tanks
Defense Committee
Funds Requested
(By The Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, May 29. - In a
new move to speed the production of
war planes and other mechanized
weapons which have played such a
large part in Europe's Blitzkrieg,
President Roosevelt prepared today
to ask Congress to add another larger
sum-probably $600,000,000-to the
$1,182,000,000 extraordinary defense
fund.
One aim, informed persons said,
was to place quick orders for 3,000
of the latest type of Army fighting
planes, to give the aircraft industry
a boost toward the desired produc-
tion capacity of 50,000 planes an-
nually.
The $600,000,000 would also cover
the purchase of tanks, anti-aircraft
guns and other equipment for the
Army, it was said. Officials explained
that these items were omitted from
the original $1,182,000,000 program,
because the Army had not had
sufficient time to draw up the esti-
mates.
President Roosevelt asked Con-
gress today to make $1,000,000 imme-
diately available for the new na-
tional defense commission appointed
yesterday.
President Roosevelt conferred on
these supplemental items today with
War and Treasury Department offi-
cials, and was expected to send Con-
gress a request for the appropria-
tions within a few days. Although
the amount was still tentative, it
was authoritatively described as less
than $1,000,000,000 and more than
$500,000,000, with the final sum ex-
pected to be about $600,000,000
Wolverine Nine
To End Season
Pink, Barry, Evashevski
Wind UpBall Careers
By NORM MILLER
Four Varsity regulars and two re
serves will wind up their Michiga
baseball careers as the Wolverine
travel to East Lansing to close th
- season against Michigan State at 2:3
s p.m. today.
Capt. Charlie Pink, Fred Trosko
Forest Evashevski, Jack Barry, Howi
Greenberg and Tommy Netherto
are the seniors who will make thei
final bows in a Michigan baseba
uniform.
Barry, who once attended Stat
will start on the mound for the Wol
"verines once more, in a final attem
to hang up a victory over the Sparn
tans, a feat which he has been ur
able to accomplish in two years as
Varsity regular. Last year, the Kob
men pinned a 6-3 defeat on Jac
n and earlier this season eked out
5-4 decision over the Michigan ace
' Evashevski, who still has anoth
°1 (Continued on Page 3)

Memorial Day
Observances
Will e Held
Special public services will be con-
ducted today by various patriotic
and religious organizations in mem-
ory of the war dead of the Civil
War and ensuing years.
Ceremony will be held by Erwin
Prieskorn Post No. 46 of the Ameri-
can Legion at soldiers' monument in
Washtenong Memorial Park this af-
ternoon with the drum and bugle
corps and the families of Legion
members from over the county par-
ticipating.
Strewing of flowers on the Huron
River in memory of the sailor dead
has been planned by the Welch Wo-
men's Relief Corps and the Span-
ish American War veterans for 9:301
a.m. today at Wells St. bridge.
Hyma Debate
WillBe Held
As Scheduled
Schachtman Will Oppose
Lecturer In Discussing
America's Role In War
What America's role should be in
relation to the European conflict
will be the general topic of discus-
sion at 7:45 p.m. today at the Ma- I
sonic Temple when Max Schacht-
man, national secretary of the Work-
ers' Party, and Prof. Albert Hyma
of the history department debate
on the alternatives of, "$ocialiatQp
position to the War" or "Aid to the
Allies"
Mr. Schachtman has been active
in labor circles for 20 years and
is the editor of many of Leon Trot-
sky works. He is now on a national
speaking tour in which he will sup-
port the position of his party on
the war. The Workers' Party is part
of the Fourth International.
Schachtman is also author of "Be-
hind the Moscow Trials" and was
the leader of the group in the
Fourth International that opposed
Trotsky's position on the Russo-Fin-
nish war.
Professor Hyma is a noted author
1 and educator and has been a pro-
fessor of history at the University
since 1926. He is the author of
"Christiantiy, Capitalism and Com-
munism" and "Erasmus and the Hu-
manists" among other works.
n
s Freighters Go To England
e
0 OTTAWA, Ont., May 29.-)--A
fleet of 21 Canadian Great Lakes
, freighters may be sent to England
e shortly for coastwise trade around
n the British Isles in the service of the
r British Government, it was reported
11 here today. Final arrangements for
transfer of the boats to Britain's ser-
e vice will be completed shortly, but
L- names and present owners of the
of vessels could not be learned.____

Flanders Battle
eded As Allied
Wedge Is Ni*pped'
British Force Pushed Back To Dunkerque
A s Nazi Army Surrounds French Troops
Further South; Drive On Paris Imminent
BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Hard-pressed Allied forces flooded the canals surrounding Dunkerque,
their sole remaining port of escape from Flanders, last night in a last
desperate effort to block Adolf Hitler's victorious forces dogging their
retreat to the sea.
German victory was conceded in the bitterly contested battle of
Flanders, lost by the Allies as an immediate result of the Belgian army's
surrender yesterday.
Thus after 19 days of blitzkrieg, Hitler's men in armor were left
virtually in control of France's rich and populous northern industrial area,
now battered into the ruins of war, and her northwest coast, across froi
England.
By the light of myriad fires blazing across Flanders fields, the Allies
fought a stubborn rearguard action to cover their retreat.
Waters rose steadily in the canals southwest and northwest of Dun-
kerque after the sluice gates were opened to thwart the Nazis stalking the
half-million British and French fighting to escape from the Nazi-forged
trap of steel.

-----:

At Dunkerque, the French

Hatch Political
Practices Bill
Goes To Floor
Committee Action Brings
Legislation To House;
Amendments Attached
WASHINGTON, May 29. -(AP)-
The Hatch Political Practices Bill
was approved today by the same
House Judiciary Committee which
four weeks ago consigned it to a
pigeon hole,
The legislation, passed by the Sen-
ate, prohibits state and local govern-
ment employes who are paid with
Federal funds from taking active
part in political campaigns. It is
a companion measure to an existing
law applying to Federal employes.
Today's action by a vote of 16 to 8,
climaxed nearly two months of com-
mittee deliberations. On May 1, the
committee voted secretaly, 14 to 10,
to table the measure. This action
later was rescinded and deliberations
were resumed.
The committee added several
amendments to the Senate version,
one of which would limit the expen-
ditures of political committees tc
$3,000,000 during a campaign. This
would reduce the spending of botlh
the Republican and Democratic Na-
tional Committees below the levels
of the 1936 campaign. The former
spent $8,065,524 and the latter $5,-
030,848 that year.

formed the last resistance to the
Germans in the north, backed up by
Allied warplanes pounding- the Ger-
mans in an effort to save some of
the wreckage of Flanders.
Even if the Allies succeed in hold-
ing off the Germans for the time
being in the Dunkerque area, their
grave peril will not be over. Droves
of Nazi dive-bombers are poised to
blast Allied departures, and swarms
of mosquito torpedo boats, operating
from Belgian and Dutch bases, are
lurking in the English Channel.
With the Flanders battle ended in
favor of the Germans, the Allies
must now take their stand along
their strong southern front, stretch-
ing some 200 miles across France
along the Aisne and Somme rivers.
Behind the retreating Allies in
Flanders, the German war machine
rolled through the great French in-
dustrial cities of Lille, Armentieres
and Ostend and blasted the World
War battlefield at Ypres.

Sociologist Gives Labor Analysis:
Problem Of Migratory Workers
Faces Michigan, Holmes States

Though less widely publicized than
in California, the problem of the
migrant worker is no less acute in
Michigan and has created much the
same suffering and heartache here,
Prof. Roy H. Holmes, of the sociology
department, declared in an inter-
view yesterday.
Prospective employment in the
automobile factories in this state
leads many workers from the South
to migrate here, Professor Holmes
asserted. Automobile manufacturers
themselves through their agents en-
courage workers from Kentucky,
Tennessee, Louisiana and Alabama
to come to Michigan for employment
in their factories.
The anti-union policy of the auto-
mobile manufacturers is responsible
for their urging of migration by
Southern workers, he said, since the
migrant workers are less susceptible
to union organization than the reg-
ular emploves. Statistics complied

culty of their maintaining a subJs
tence level of living, he added.
Upon migrating to Michigan from
the South, thetworkers either gravi
tate towards the industrial center;
such as Detroit and Flint or trave
up along the western coast of th
State, where they attempt to fin
work at the fruit farms, Professo
Holmes said.
Michigan industry and farms ca:
provide only a relatively small pro
portion of permanent employmen
for the migratory workers, accordin
to the research pro.ject conducte
by the Works Progress Administra
tion. quoted by Professor Holme
The report further indicated tha
coupled with the tendency of man
communities to refuse relief to out
siders, agricultural workers are muc
more likely to be on relief than th
population as a whole,
Not only has the influx of migra
tory workers increased the gravityc
the unemployment situation in Mich

Aeronautics Head Comments On Henry Ford:
1 000 Planes A Day' Production
Is Feasible, Prof. Stalker Says

Germans Expect
Allied Capitulation
(By The Associated Press)
BERLIN, May 29.-Admittedly tak-
ng great losses themselves in a
crunching drive against cornered Bri-
tish and French who were selling.
themselves dearly, the German Army
today nevertheless expected the ca-
pitulation at any moment of the half
million troops fighting a suicide battle
in Flanders.
The Germans were reported smash-
ing furiously with hundreds of dive
bombers, tanks and massed artillery
in an effort to ring down speedily
the curtain on the Flanders carnage.
The British and French were cut
a.part in the general vicinity of Lille,
the British to the north and the
French to the south of that city,
their predicament turned to disaster
by the sudden surrender yesterday
of 300,000 Belgians. Only a miracle,
Germans said, could prevent their
annihilation or captulation. They
spoke of the desirability of a quick
Allied surrender to end "this futile
waste of blood."
In the main part of the Allied tri-
angle, pushed against the Channel
and blazing Dunkerque, are the men
of the British Expeditionary Force
which rushed in 19 days ago to resist
the invasion of Belgium.
In the broken-off tip of the tri-
angle; south of Lille, stand the
Frenchmten who tried to break out
of the German trap toward the south,
at Valenciennes. Separated from the
British, they are reported penned in
a segment of 12 square miles. With
them are thousands of hapless, home-
less refugees.
The German advance sheared off
this triangle tip' today. Forces fight-
ing from the northeast and south-
n c.4 t 4A.-r m aking that itAo nf

ie
d
W
n
it
kg
d
S.
y
t-
h
le
I-
of
1-

Cooperatives
Observe First
Anniversary
Decoration Day, 1939, one year ago
today, a group of 10 men worked
diligently stocking a large modern
food store on 633-645 South Main
Street. It was evident that these
men were not working for financial
remuneration-for painted on the
store window was the green double

By ROBERT CHAPMAN
"It is entirely possible that Henry
Ford, given the right design, could
turn out 1,000 airplanes a day," Prof.
Edward A. Stalker, chairman of the
aeronautical engineering department,
said in an interview yesterday.
"There would certainly be no bot-
tleneck' at the engine stage of pro-
duction, since Ford has been engaged
for many years in turning out auto-
mobile engines in quantity, and dur-
ing the World War manufactured the
Liberty airplane motor." It would be
necessary, Professor Stalker declared,
for much of the handwork to be
eliminated from the manufacturing

basic metal than automobile engines,
since the element of weight combined
with strength is all-important," he
observed.
Professor Stalker said that no great
readjustment would be necessary for
the manufacture of airplane bodies
in an automobile plant. "The stamps
and presses used for auto bodies are
easily adapted for airplane produc-
tion," he declared.
He emphasized the fact that Ford's
statement was not a sign that he
would begin production, but only a
notice that his plant was capable of
such an output. "No one needs 300,-
000 planes a year," he said.
Ford's annual rate of production,
acnording to Professor Stalker's es-

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