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THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THU-1 2I AY. FEE. 22; itito
?**C-E SIX ThUI~SDAY, FEB. 22,
Faculty Members Agree
With Technic's Charge
Engineering Dean And Professors Support
Magazine; Believe 'Something Must
Be Done, If Funds Are Found'
University faculty men are quick to admit that lighting facilities in the
engineering college today are not adequate for healthy vision.
A survey of faculty opinion taken by The Daily yesterday showed that
there is a strong belief that "something should be done at once, if funds
can be obtained for the works."
The faculty comments added new weight to charges brought this week
by the Michigan Technic, engineering college publication, that poor lighting
conditions are doing "irreparable
harm" to the vision of students and,
professors in the college.
Although the men questioned yes-
terday admitted that they had made
no scientific investigation of illum-
ination conditions, most of them said
that they were "aware" that certain
"conditions" should be remedied as
soon as possible.
Typical of the commet was a
statement by acting Dean Henry H.
Lovell that "lighting might be im-
proved in several instances in our
college." Professor Lovell said that
University authorities had been+
aware of the lighting problems for
some time, and that plans had been
made for certain improvements at
°The problem is one of finance,"
Professor Lovell added, and as soonI
as money is available we will attempt+
to revise and bring it to a reason-
ably good standard."
According to Mr. Lovell new floro-j
escent lighting equipment will be in-
stalled in one of the drawing rooms
"probably during the next week."
This will be in the nature of an ex-
perimejtt, he said, and if successful
will be duplicated in other parts of
the college when funds become avail-
Conditions Are 'Horrible'
Prof, Benjamin F. Bailey of the
electrical engineering department
agreed that conditions were "hor-
rible." "The solution is simple
enough," he said, "a lot of money has
to be spent for a good lighting sys-
Prof. Jesse Ormondroyd of the me-
chanical engineering department,
said that he was not aware of any
"specific bad points" in the college,
but added that he could readily "be-
lieve conditions were bad." He also
pointed out that illumination in
some of the offices was badly placed.
Finances were cited as the cause of
the trouble by Prof. Lewis M. Gram,
of the civil engineering department.
"I believe the University is taking
care of the poor lighting as quickly
as funds will permit," he explained,
"and I feel that if the University had
more money they would make im-
Nine To Attend
70th Annual Convention
Nine members of the School of M-
ucation will participate in the six-
day 70th annual convention of the
American Association of School Ad-
ministrators beginning Saturday in
St. Louis, Mo.
Headed by Dean J. B. Edmonson,
they are: Drs. Raleigh Schorling,
George E. Carrothers, Arthur B.
Uoehlmann, Calvin O. Davis, Edgar
G. Johnson, Francis D, Curtis, Har-
Ian C. Koch and Clifford Woody. It
is expected that Dr. Willard Olson
and Prof. Howard Y. McCluskey, who
are on leave-of-absence this semes-
ter, will meet the University dele-
gates in St. Louis.
About 13,000 school superinten-
dents and university teachers are ex-
pected to attend the convention of
the association, a department of the
National Education Association of
the United States. Slated to address
the delegates are James G. McDon-
ald, honorary president of the For-
eign Policy Association, and chair-
man of President Roosevelt's Advis-
ory Committee on Political Refugees;
and Paul V. McNutt, administrator
for the Federal Security Agency.
By Old Romans
Collapse of marriage customs in
times of war, even as in some Euro-
pean nations today, is nothing new.
It was encouraged in the days of the
old Romans, Prof. Henry A. Sanders,
of ,the Latin department, disclosed
According to more than 150 docu-
ments which Professor Sanders has
studied, the Roman government for
more than 500 years forbade members
of the army to marry, but at the same
time encouraged mating and the birth
of children. The custom began dur-
ing the reign of Emperor Augustus,
and continued until the empire fin-
The Romans were different than
their twentieth century successors,
however. They had a well-organized
institution to replace the family.
When Roman soldiers participated
in military campaigns they lived in
permanent camps. Attached to those
camps were other communities of wo-
men and children. Even though mar-
riage itself was prohibited, the off i-
cials winked at any association which
was carried on between the men in,
the army camps and the residents in
the outer village.
This plan took from the soldiers
the burden of caring for families, and
other responsibilities which might
hinder their work on the battlefield.
Most of them had wives in fact, al-
though the law did not recognize them
A Roman soldier remained in serv-
ice for about 25 years, then re-
For Gra dujates
Course In Summer Session
Will Provide Discussion
Of Culture In America
Several aspects - of American cul-
ture and institutions will be the
theme of a Graduate Study Program
to be held in Ann Arbor for five
weeks from June 24 through Aug. 16,
for graduate students of the Summer
Session, Mr. Wilfred B. Shaw, Di-
rector of Alumni Relations an-
Mumford Jones Scheduled
The list of speakers is not yet com-
plete, but already scheduled are Prof.
Howard Mumford Jones of Harvard's
English department who will give
the introductory lecture the first
week, Prof. D. L. Dumond, of the
University History department who
will lead the round-table discussion
on religion and education in Ameri-
can life, and Prof. George F. Which-
er, of Amherst, who will lead the dis-
cussion on literature and art and also
its round-table. Prof. I. L. Sharf-
man of the economics department,
will speak on the development of so-
cial control and will lead the round-
table on laissez-faire and public con-
Prof. Jesse S. Reeves, political sci-
ence department, will head the round
table on Political Institutions in a
Changing World, and will deliver a
lecture. Also speaking during the
session will be Prof. H. M. Bates, of
the Law School, and Prof, John P.
Dawson, of the Law School. Other
speakers will be announced later.
Two Hours Credit Given
Two hours of credit will be granted
to the students in each field repre-
sented by the conference, and the
following departments are co-operat-
ing in the program: Economics, Eng-
lish, Geography, History, Philosophy,
Political Science and Sociology. The
course, to be registered for as 350 in
each department, is intended pri-
marily for those already well-ad-
vanced in their studies in their own
field or department.
Swedish Iron Ilkposits Are A4im
01P%,I IE.I 4 tI - a I A H-PVtje i, 1 i i1
By MALCOLM HUNGER
Sweden's northern iron region, not
Finland, is the focal point' in the Rus-
sian invasion of Finland, in the opin-
ion of Prof. Thomas S. Lovering of
the geology department.
Professor Lovering, in an interview
yesterday, characterized the Soviet
Union's aggression as an attempt to
get within reach of the Swedish de-
posits. "If Russia should have a com-
mon border with Sweden, the press-
ure upon Sweden to remain neutral
would be great. This is why Great
Britain and France are so anxious
for Finland to hold out," he averred.
"Although the Soviet Union is well
stocked with two essential war ma-
terials, iron and copper, it would wel-
come an excuse to enter Sweden. For
with control of the Swedish iron de-
posits Russia would hold the whip
hand over Europe, and would be in
position to double-cross Germany,"
An excuse for Russian annexation
of the ore deposits, Professor Lover-
ing pointed out, would be material
assistance from Sweden to Finland.
"Sweden is in a very ticklish posi-
tion at this time," he continued. "She
is trying desperately to remain neu-
tral, but pressure from nations at
war both in northern and central Eur-
ope make it a very unstable neutral-
"The KIruna irofi d Cposii iii iiltel-
ern Sweden and Norway is the largest
in Europe and supplies more than 50
per cent of the ore that Germany
uses. Sweden cannot afford to of-
fend Germany lest she lose this valu-
It is Professor Lovering's belief that
Germany is even more interested in
the Swedish deposits than is Russia.
He showed that Kiruna region and
Germany's Silesian coal deposits form
a natural ecenomic unit and that, by
the "law of least work," the natural
route for Sweden's ore is to the smel-
ters in northern Germany.
Lately Sweden has had occasion to
view the British indigination over the
Altmark affair with some solicitude,
he remarked. If the British retaliate
for Germany's unrestricted war upon
shipping, German-Swedish trade will
suffer a loss, he said.
Great Britain has not yet invaded
Norway's neutral waters to halt the
shipments of Swedish ore to Ger-
many, according to Professor Lover-
ing. An average of a million tons of
Kiruna ore has been shipped to Ger-
many each month since the war be-
gan, he disclosed.
"Germany realizes this is a precari-
ous situation, especially if Norway and
Sweden should swing over with Fin-
land," the geology professor said.
(Continued from Page 4)
theatre of the Rackham Building. The
public is cordially invited.
Varsity Glee Club. All members
are reminded to get eligibility cards
from the Dean of Students' Office
for participation in any of the activi-
ties of the Glee Club. Regular re-
hearsal this evening.
International Center will be open
today. Tea at 4 o'clock. The Coun-
selor's office will be closed. Miss
Pierce's class in English at 7 p.m. will
Christian Science Organization an-
nounces a free lecture entitled "Chris-
tion Science: True Education" by
James G. Rowell, tonight in Hill
Auditorium at 8 o'clock.
Algebra Seminar will not meet this
week, but will meet as usual next
Thursday at 4 o'clock, with Mr. W.
M. Scott speaking.
R. M. Thrall
Seminar in Bacteriology will meet
in Room 1564 East Medical' Building
Monday, February 26, at 8:00 p.m.
Subject: "Penetration of the Antiser-
um into Lesions." All interested are
International Center: A four-weeks
course in Contract Bridge is offded
Friday nights at 7:15 beginning this
week, and is open to everyone. The
dates for the Bridge Tournament are
March 22 and 29. A class in Chess
will be organized Friday, March 1.
JGP Music Committee will meet at
4 o'clock Friday, Feb. 23, at the
Stalker Hall: Bible Class with Dr.
Brashares at 7:30 p.m. Friday. At
9 p.m. there will be hobby groups on
photography, sculpturing, art, game
making, and sports. Come and join
the group in which you are inter-
The second in a series of lectures
being given by Dr. Wilbur M. Smith
on the subject, "Christ, Natural or
Supernatural," will be presented on
Sunday, Feb. 25 in the Grand Rapids
Room of the Michigan League under
the sponsorship of the Michigan
Conservative services Friday night
will be held at the Hillel Foundation
at 7:30. Discussion will be led by
Prof. Weslie Maurer, of the Journal-
ism Department. A social hour will
The Yiddish class at Hillel Founda-
tion will not meet until Friday, March
1, at 4:00 p.m.
Michigan Dames: Party at the
League, Hussey Room, at 8 o'clock,
Friday evening, Feb. 23. Husbands
will be the guests of Dames. Ameri-
cana and. bridge.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Major Eliot, Oratorical Speaker,
Describes War Against U-Boats
Unsold books at the Student
Exchange may be picked up by
tired to private life. Under the pro- owners, Charles Heinen, '41,
visions of the legal code, he could then nounced yesterday. Checks for
take his common law wife to court. sold are being mailed, he said.
- GREAT FLOOR
- GRAND CROWD
hip cards ;required to purchase tickets to Union Membership Dances.
Cards may be ob-
U I. .11~ I