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May 23, 1940 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-05-23

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Greenbelt Towns, Government-Built,
Offer Example To Private Industry

Ij "


Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4.00; ')y mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
Editorial Staff

Hervie Haufler
Alvin Sarasohn
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler
Milton Orshefsky
Howard A. Goldman
Donald Wirtchafter
Esther Osser
Helen Corman

Managing Editor
. . . . Editorial Director
City Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Sports Editor
S . . Women's Editor
. . . . Exchange Editor

Business Staff
Business Manager
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager.

Irving Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
. Jane Krause

The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Mr. Morrissey's
Views . ..
R. MORRISSEY'S letter in a recent
issue of The Daily was an eloquent,
if mistaken, apologia for Adolf Hitler's aggres-
sion in Europe. In his defense of Hitler's past
and present actions, Mr. Morrissey truly has
used "bold and unconventional thinking." He
would better have applied some rational
thought with regard to the whole bloody mess
that is the European War.
In his letter, he promises that the. "fruits of
a German victory will eventually bring pros-
perity to the long imprisoned peoples of Cen-
tral Europe." What does Mr. Morrissey think
would happen to those "imprisoned peoples" if
they were subjected to Nazi control? The an-
swer is easy-the same thing that is even now
happening to the conquered countries of Po-
land and Czechoslovakia-"education" of the
people to the Nazi doctrine and enforcement
of that "education" by torture and execution.
It is extremely difficult to find out just what
is actually happening in those conquered coun-
tries, but there have been reports of mass execu-
tions of workmen in Bohemia as a punishment,
the Nazis say, for alleged sabotage; there have
been reports of political leaders sent to cencen-
tration camps to be tortured because they would
not accept Nazi methods of "education"; there
has been information of riots instigated by the
Nazis upon peaceful Czechs, of whom hundreds
were arrested and many, picked at random, were
shot to death. In Poland there have been worse
HESE STORIES may be considered highly
exaggerated perhaps. But why Weren't for-
eign reporters allowed to go into those countries
and discover for themselves the truthfulness of
the reports? The fact remains that they were
not allowed to go in, but had to rely upon Ger-
inan sources which, of course, emphatically
labelled the stories propaganda against the
Reich. Foreign correspondents are certain that
what is now happening in Poland and Bohemia
is nothing short of national racial exterimina-
tion, a methodical elimination of all leaders who
Will not bow before Hitler. Hitler's own Mein
Kampf gives support to this viewpoint.
R MORRISSEY predicts that Hitlerism is
not permanent but will prove to be quite
harmless twenty years after England's defeat.
We should not worry, therefore, he claims. Eng-
land and France believed that there was no need
for worry when they allowed Hitler to take his
Sudeten Germans. He did not want Czecho-
0ovakia, he promised. But the Czech govern-
ment fell to the Nazis, none the less. It was only
when Hitler again broke his promise and in-
vaded Poland, claiming that the action of the
Poles had prompted the invasion, that Cham-
berlain and Daladier quickly changed their
minds and recognized the potential danger to
their countries: they collaborated in declaring
War on Germany. Yet, in view of all evidence to
the contrary, Mr. Morrissey assures us that the
Third Reich will become harmless twenty years
after England's defeat.
- Robert Mantho
Mascott, Walker Are Columnists
Writing campus columns for The Daily in
the coming year will be Laurence Mascott
'a _TncEm {ara- 3rac-nu ,ia .Qim +e.,

WITH FEVERISH SPEED and virtually no
forethought or control, the typical city
shoots upward into skyscrapers and tenements,
packing its dwellers closer and closer together.
At the same time, it spreads aimlessly into the
surrounding country, covering miles of land
withuneconomic, half-developed subdivisions.
The result, in most cases, has been an pgly
hodge-podge of towering offices, mansions,
slums, hot-dog stands, warehouses and decay-
ing residential districts. The by-products are
congestion, tangled traffic, damaged property
values and wasted land.
But the worst victim of this unplanned growth
has been the American home. Year by year
cities and rural communities have become more
ramshackle and crowded; until today fully 36
per cent of all the dwellings in the United States
have been classified by the Government as "sub-
standard." And crime, disease and squalor-
despite an unusually high rent standard-in-
crease in our American community.
practice of many European communities,
through the Suburban Resettlement Adminis--
tration, has attempted to set an example to
private industry in the field of community pre-
planning. The Administration has done strik-
ing work in this field, through the medium of
Greenbelt Towns, situated at Greenhills Ohio;
Greendale, Wisconsin, and Greenbelt, Maryland.
Greenbelt towns are different from any towns
ever built, in this country or abroad. They did
not grow up in a random, hodge-podge way, like
most villages; they were completely planned in
every detail, before construction was started.
Streets, utility systems, schools, stores, parks
and dwelling areas are designated for greatest
possible efficiency and livability. There are no
slums, junkyards, dumps, misplaced billboards
or run-down neighborhoods. Nor will there be
any in the future. Each town is surrounded by
a protective "green belt" of parks, farms and
forests, to keep these undesirable elements from
crowding into the community; and the town's
own plan will prevent such growths within
the village limits.
GEENBELT, MARYLAND, is located seven
miles from Washington, D.C., and houses
over 2,000, 70 per cent of whom are government
employes. All work within the Washington met-
ropolitan area. The purpose of Maryland's
Greenbelt, as set forth by the Administration.
is to provide "a demonstration of suburban
town planning for decent, safe and sanitary
housing at a reasonable rent, as contrasted with
the overcrowded and insanitary conditions
found in so many cities today."
Greenbelt has been occupied since October,
1938;-always at capacity and with a waiting
list. It is laid out in crescent shape, has 885
living units, in group and multiple arrangement.
The dwellings are arranged in large super-blocks
with approximately 125 modern homes in one
block. Efficient dwellings, they are built to
strict standards of durability, comfort, sanita-
tion, privacy and convenience. They have large
Lindbergh Proposes
Domestic Preparedness .,..
SUNDAY NIGHT the voice of Col.
Charles A. Lindbergh calmly reiter-
ated the necessity of adequate preparedness,
the improbability of foreign invasion of the
American continents and the imminent internal
danger of fifth column movements. His Amer-
ican audience already accepting the eventuality
of participating in European strife and the re-
duction of miles between American peace and
the Continental conflict found his statements
the antithesis of the trend of American publi
It was the same Lindbergh who over a year
ago pointed to the superiority of German air
forces. It was he also who advocated more ade-
quate defense measures for the protection of
the Western Hemisphere.
POSSIBILITY of crossing the Atlantic with
long-range bombers has been a fact known
to aeronautical authorities for many years, he
cited. If such a maneuver should be used by
an aggressive foreign power, the attack without
land forces would be absolutely ineffective. And,

furthermore, since land forces could be trans-
ported to this side of the Atlantic quickly and
in sufficient numbers only by sea, the United
States could easily block such a move by ade-
quate naval and air strength, he minimized.
Coming in the amazing near-hysteria of offi-
cial and public opinion, Col. Lindbergh injects
a note of sanity in viewing the current trend
of events abroad. To be best prepared in any
future participation or non-participation in the
European chaos, he advocated reasonable mea-
sures which are of primary immediate import
to our own nation.
Definite policy of aerial armament, of under-
standing with our Latin America neighbors, of
internal, political and economic strength, and
of constructive peace for the future, were all
present problems demanding solution before
the determination of policies to guide some
unpredictable attempt of our own shores. "The
greatest inheritance which we can pass on to
our children," Col. Lindbergh stresses, "is a rea-
sonable solution of the problems that confront
our time."
SCORING the "hysterical chatter of calamity
and invasion" which has run rife in public
opinion he proposed a realization that we can
stay out of war if we stop asking for it and if
we prevent the small minority controlling prop-
aganda and influence from hnlding swav over

windows, cross-ventilation and are well insu-
lated. There is a variety of types to meet the
needs of families of various sizes.
THERE ARE many lawns and shaded park
areas where all ages can enjoy them without
being subjected to the noise and danger of busy
streets. For each super-block there is an under-
pass leading to the mercantile, school and rec-
reational areas.
Greenbelt has been called "the cooperative
community." This is not a completely correct
appelation in reference to the whole village,
but the mercantile area stores are run accord-
ing to the Rochdale principles of cooperation.
This area consists of four extremely modern
buildings in which are located a service station,
garage, fire station, barber shop, beauty salon,
bus terminal, drug store, theatre, laundry, shoe
repair and valet shop, grocery store, post office,
management offices, telephone exchange, news-
paper office and variety store. The stores in
this area are leased and managed by the towns-
people in accordance with the Rochdale prin-
ciples, as follows:
1. Membership open to all residents.
2. No inequitable restriction upon membership
or participation.
3. One vote per member regardless of number
of shares held.
4. No voting by proxy.
5. Limited investment of capital.
6. After all obligations have been met, profits
shall be distributed to the consumer-
members in proportion to the amount
they have purchased.
7. A $10 investment is all that shall be re-
quired for membership.
THERE IS ALSO a community building which
serves as a gymnasium, auditorium, shower
and locker room. There is an artificial lake well
stocked with game fish, with metal row boats
and small sail boats. There is a very modern
and sanitary swiihming pool.
And now-here is the amazing part of the
whole plan-the expense. Monthly rentals on
living units vary from $18 to $21 per month
for one room bachelor apartments, $24 to $31
for two and three room apartments and from
$28 to $41 for three to seven room houses. These
prices include heat which is furnished by the
management, each group of homes having one
heating system fed by oil burner from storage
tanks. The prevailing median rent for a subur-
ban house in the suburban Washington area
is approximately $60 to $70 per month. A six-
room house of much more modern and scienti-
fic construction in Greenbelt rents for $39 a
month, including heating, electric range and
refrigerator. Water charges range from 20 cents
to $1.20 per month, and electricity from $2.25
to $3.35.
income, stability of employment, ability to
adapt themselves to community living and need
for better housing. Income groups admitted
vary from $800 per year for one person to $2200
for a family of six.
Government studies have proved that under
private industry, at a not much greater expense,
the same type of planned modern communities
could exist.
In these days, when government money is
spent for battleships, guns and uniforms, and
public eyes are turned from those slaughtered
in this country by disease, starvation and crime,
to those being slaughtered by war in Europe,
perhaps the time is ripe for private industry
to try its hand at city planning where the
government has left off.

-(Connued from Page 2
OF PERSONNEL announces existing
vacancies for well-qualified Psychia-
tric Social Workers. Salary range:
University Inquisition The Bureau has also received the
official May Civil Service Bulletin for
To the Editor: New York City.
Robert Warner in a recent letter Complete announcements on file
to The Daily claimed that Profes- at the University Bureau of Appoint-
sor Hyma's proposal to have mem- ments and Occupational Informa-
bers of the faculty inquire into a tion, 201 Mason Hall. Office hours:
prospective student's political views 9-12 and 2-4.
would undermine our "freedom of Summer Employment: We have on
political thought." Certainly, a uni- file in the Bureau of Appointments,
versity such as Michigan, founded 201 Mason Hall, a number of selling
upon those very principles which 2obsonthlsmmerumofs. Ang
Mr. Warner so highly extols should .jobs for the summer months. Any-
one interested in this work is wel-
do all in its power not only to pre- come to look over the material we
serve but to further those "cherishedhvOe o rth-12,r2-4.
ideals" of civil liberty. have. Office hours 9-12, 2-4.
However, the first step in realiz- Any girls interested mn living in a
ing such an objective should be to cooperative house next year with girls
remove from our universities those of other religious, racial, and cultural
who propose to change our present backgrounds, please call Stalker Hall,
American democracy into a proto- 6881, and leave their names and tele-
type of Russian Communism or Axis phone numbers.
Fascism. The intellectual dishonesty
of the young Fascisti at Bologna Academi Notices
and Hiedelberg has resulted in their
being ruthlessly relegated to an The Doctoral Examination of Lynn
academic straight-jacket. Michigan's DeForrest Abbott, Jr., will be
intellectual acrobats who within the held at 2:00 p.m. today in 315
last few months have leaped, simul- West Medical Building. Mr. Ab-
taneously with the Moscow "ideal- bott's department of specialization is
ists," from "collective security" to Biological Chemistry. The title of
"complete isolation" have manifested his thesis is "Glycine Precursors: The
this same spirit. In preaching their Availability of Some N-Alkyl Glycine
undemocratic doctrines of hate and Derivatives for the Synthesis of Hip-
mental regimentation, the small puric Acid by the Rabbit."
radical minority upon the Michigan Dr. H. B. Lewis as chairman of the
campus may some day readily turn committee will conduct 'the examina-
away from action in the "Daily" tion. By direction of the Executive
letter column to the more effective Board, the chairman has the privi-
tactics of the "fifth column." lege of inviting members of the facul-
They, not our Professor Hymas, ty and advanced doctoral candidates
are the greatest threat to American. to attend the examination and to
democracy and should summarily be grant permission to others who might
made cognizant of the fact that they wish to be present.
are not wanted on our college cam- C. S. Yoakum
puses. Freedom of speech is a doc-
trine that requires eternal vigilance The Doctoral Exa-nination of Gio-
for its protection. Hence, our uni- vanni Giovannini will be held at,
versities should serve as extermina- 2:00 p.m. Today in 3223 Angell
tors to root Democracy's chameleon- Hall. Mr. Giovannini's depart-
like enemies out'of our political life, ment of specialization is English
not as rostrums from which they Language and Literature. The title
might pour their hate-ridden shi- of his thesis is "The Theory of Trag-
bolleths. edy as History in Renaissance and
- Ralph Berlow, '43 Neo-Classical Criticism."
Professor N.tE. Nelson as chairman
of the committee will conduct the ex-
Mother Defends Idealism amination By directionofuthe Ex-
To the Editor: ecutive Board, the chairman has the1
privilege of inviting members of thei
Since you entertain letters from faculty and advanced doctoral can-
mothers, I should like to add my diates to attend the examination and
two-cents worth. The serious part to grant permission to others who
about the appearance of the letter
signed "A Mother," for you, is not might wish to be present.
the fact that she is afraid to expose C. S. Yoakum
her son to emotionally immature The Doctoral Examination of Dana1
professors (I suggest she remove Young will be held at 3:00
him from the University entirely), p.m. today in 411A West En-
but that you consider that kind of gineering Bldg. Mr. Young's depart-
letter material for your paper. ment of specialization is Engineering
I, too, follow the editorial page of Mechanics. The title of his thesis is
The Daily with interest, amusement "The Analysis of Rectangular Plates
and boredom. The flaw of reasoning with Clamped Edges."
for peace at any price is that there Professor E. L. Eriksen as chair-
are still a great many people in this man of the committee will conduct
word, and in America, who value the examination. By direction of the
mere physical life very little-yes, Executive Board, the chairman has
there are even mothers of sons near the privilege of inviting members of;
military age who believe one must the faculty and advanced doctoral
have ideals and some spiritual life candidates to attend the examina-
to make life supportable. tion and to grant permission to others
Yours sincerely, who might wish to be present.
Jean D. Noble C. S. Yoakum
The Doctoral Examination of Har-
Representative Ln dberg old Edward Wallace will be held at
To the Editor: 9:00 am. Friday, May 24, in 3089
N.S. Mr. Wallace's department of
tl on harles A. indberhas beenhspecialization is Zoology. The title
the wisdom courage, and initiative of his thesis is "Life History and Em-

to tell the entire nation that we are bilgorTx iori Trmata
safebile Cot (Lissorchiidae, Trematoda)."
involve us is not "Europe's meddling Dr. G. R. La Rue as chairman of
in our affairs but our meddling in the committee will conduct the ex-
Europe's affairs." amination. By direction of the Ex-
As a yolung 'man Lindbergh be- ecutive Board, the chairman has the
came a national hero, now he ap- privilege of inviting members of the
pears in the light of a national faculty and advanced doctoral can-
prophet-I suggest that we listen didates to attend the examination
to this man who has native honesty, and to grant permission to others
understanding, humility and simple who might wish to be present.
greatness. C. S. Yoakumn
I should like to point out that The Doctoral Examination of John
Americans, generally, don't under- Frazer Lamb will be held at 4:00 p.m.,
stand the people of continental Eu- Friday, May 24, in 247 West Engineer-
rope. I'm not making a criticism- ing Bldg. Mr. Lamb's department of
there is certainly little enough op- specialization is Electrical Engineer-
portunity for us to know them well- ing, The title of his thesis is "An
I merely state a conditon. Lindbergh Investigation of the Peak, Average,
is the only one of our leaders who and Effective Currents and Voltages
has demonstrated that he is an ex- Occurring in the Series Ferro-Res-
ceotion to this. onant Circuit."
His inspiring article in the May Professor M. B. Stout as chairman
Readers Digest, his recent address, of the committee will conduct the
Prof. Barnes' lecture here on cam- examination. By direction of the
pus and subsequent student com- Executive Board, the chairman has
ment in The Michigan Daily form the privilege of inviting members
an excellent and clear case: German of the faculty and advanced doctoral
victory in the European War does candidates to attend the examina-
not "equal" disaster . . . not to Eu- tion and to grant permission to
rope, not to America, and not to ohers who might wish to be present.
the World-now, or in posterity. C. S. Yoakum
We must stop thinking that it
does, because as long as we do we Doctoral Examination of Thomas
may one day want to fight to pre- Kenneth Haven will be held at 3:00
vent it, and that would be disaster. p.m., Friday, May 24, in the East
A long time ago Lindbergh was Council Room, Rackham Building.
violently attacked as a poor Amer- Mr. Haven's department of specializa-
ican because he open-mindedly ac- tion is Business Administration. The
cepted German hospitality and wit- title of his thesis is "Investment
nessed German disnlavs of their mil- Banking Under the Securities and The-

Doctoral Examination of. Ralph E.
Bennett will be held at 1:00 p.m. Fri-
day, May 24, in 1129 Natural Science
Bldg. Mr. Bennett's department of
specialization is Botany. The title
of his thesis is "Morphology, Cytology,
and Physiology of Perithecial Forma-
tion in Pseudoplea Briosiana,."
Professor L. E. Wehmeyer as chair-
man of the committee will conduct
the examination. By direction of the
Executive Board, the chairman has
the privilege of inviting members of
the faculty and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examination
and to grant permission to others who
might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
The Doctoral Examination of Wal-
lace Alger Bacon will be held at 3:00
p.m. Friday, May 24, in 3217 Angell
Hall. Mr. Bacon's department of
specialization is English Language
and Literature. The title of his thesis
is "Shakespeare's Dramatic Roman-
Professor Paul Mueschke as chair-
man of the committee will conduct
the examination. By direction of the
Executive Board, the chairman has
the privilege of inviting members of
the faculty and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examination
and to grant permission to others
who might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
The Doctoral Examination of Sam
Allen Singal will be held at 2:00 p.m.,
Friday, May 24, In 313 West Medical
Building. Mr. Singal's department
of specialization is Biological Chem-
istry. The title of his thesis is "The
Lipotropic Action of Some Sulfur-
Containing Amino Acids and Relat-
ed Substances."
Dr. H. C. Eckstein as chairman of
the commitee will conduct the ex-
amination. By direction of the Ex-
ecutive Board, the chairman has the
privilege of inviting members of the
faculty and advanced doctoral candi-
dates to attend the examination and
to grant permission to others who
might wish to be present.
C. S. Voakum
Medical Students: Dr. Richard
Harrison Shryock, Professor of His-
tory at the University of Pennsyl-
vania, will present an Etracurricu-
lar Lecture to the Medical School at
the Rackham Lecture Hall today
at 4:15 p.m. Subject: "Cults and
Quackery in American Medical
History." All Medical School classes
will be dismissed at 4:00 p.m.,
in order that the students may attend
this lecture. All interested students
and laymen are invited.
Dr. Bruno Meinecke, of the Latin
Department, will give a demonstrated
lecture on "Ancient Grecian Music",
tonight at 8:00 in the East Lecture
Room of the Rackham Building. The
public is cordially invited.
Today's Events
Chem and Met. Engineering Sem-
inar today at 4:00 p.m. in Room 3201
E. Engr. Bldg. Mr. Marshall Stand-
ing will speak on "Methods of Obtain-
ing Equilibrium Measurements for
Crude Oil-Natural Gas Systems."
Zoology Seminar: Tonight at 7:30,
Amphitheatre, Rackham Building.
Reports by Mr. Irving J. Can-
trall on "The ecology of the
Orthoptera and Dermaptera of the
Edwin S. George Reserve, Livingston

County, Michigan with notes on hab-
its and life histories" and Mr. William
H. Stickel on "A revisional study of
the Colubrid genus Sonora, with some
remarks on the evolution of the color
patterns of snakes."
The Observatory 'Journal. Club will
meet at 4:15 p.m. today in the Observ-
atory lecture room. Professor N. H.
Anning will speak on "An Anomal-
ous Orbit." Tea at 4:00 p.m.
Varsity Glee Club: Installation
banquet at the Union tonight at
7:00. Serenade after the ban-
quet. In addition to those who went
on the Spring Trip, the following are
invited to attend: Holt, Muller, Har-
dy, Stephensen, Lovell, Shale, Fen-
nimore, Massin.
Alpha Phi Omega will have a ban-
quet at 6:30 tonight in the Union.
All members please be present.
The Senior Ball Committee will
meet tonight at 7:30 in the Union.
League House Presidents: Meeting
for election of officers for next year,
today at 4:30 p.m. in the League.
Please attend or send a representa-
The Political Science Round Table
will not meet today as previously
Coming Events
Deutsher Verein: The nieni.o anA

Drew Pediso
3 AobertS.Alleu

WASHINGTON - Only those around the
White House knew it, but the President's $1,182,-
000,000 emergency defense program was only
about one-third of that urged on him by his
Army and Navy chiefs.
Their original program called for a total of
$3,000,000,000, of which approximately $2,000,-
000,000 was for immediate expenditure; the
rest to be authorizations for future outlays.
A large part of the additional money was pro-
posed for expanding ship-building facilities and
the construction of navy vessels already author-
ized, but for which no money has yet been voted.
Another big chunk was for enlargement of plane
building equipment by erecting government
plants in strategic sections of the country.
These plants presumably would have built
fighting planes under patent licenses from pri-
vate owners. The plan was particularly designed
to solve the "bottleneck" problem of large-scale
production of airplane motors.
Roosevelt vetoed these and other proposals
on the ground that they would lead to congres-
sional controversy, thereby delay the urgent
phases of the program. He thought the wisest
course was to confine the program to items
most needed and get them started immediately.
Later the situation could be re-examined, he
said, and a new program formulated if necessary.
That is the background for the cryptic state-
ment in his message, "I will not hesitate to
ca1l the Congvs into npial sesinn if at anv

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