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May 17, 1940 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-05-17

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PRIDAY MAY 17, 19 .0

MP. -=..


Prof. Hyma 's Adrian Talk Draws
Fire Of Students In Letters To Daily




p - R .w . _-A -rte 3tMiE~a,4M A1
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
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rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, a
second class mail matter.
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Editorial Staff

Hervie Haufler . .
Alvin Sarasohn . . .
Paul M. Chandler .
Karl Kessler . .
Milton Orshefsky . ,. .
Howard A. Goldman . . .
Donald Wirtehafter . . .
Esther Osser.
Helen Corman .
Business Staff
Business Manager .
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager .
Women's Advertising Manager

Managing Editor
Editorial Director
. City Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
Sports Editor
Women's Editor
Exchange Editor
Irving Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
. Jane Krause

The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers

Is Santa.
Coming Again?.


. .

U NCLE SAM is preparing to play
Santa Claus again, this time to de-
pendents of nen who served him at one time;
and the cost of this game is likely to run we,
beyond the billion-dollar mark before he takes
off the white whiskers.
Congress soon will be presented with a bill.
framed by Representative Rankin, that is in-
tended to raise the largest war pension issue
of many years ;
_ The new pension bill involves caring for de-
pendents of survivors of World War veterans.
Not brought into the eligibility requirements
for the proposed pensions is the question of
whether a veteran's death had any connection
with war service, nor that of where said veteran
served. A mere 90 days of service would make
his dependents eligible for support, if they
could be shown to be genuinely in the position
of dependents.
Approximately 100,000 names would be added
immediately to the pension rolls, with more com-
ing along each year. Estimates of the first-year
cost, according to the Reader's Digest and the
Urited States News, run from $24,000,000 to
$48,000,000, with substantial annual increases.
The estimated first-year cost does not sound
great--$48,000,000 is a large sum, though, and
when it is realized that it will be increased each
year, the sum looms even larger. Advocates of
the measure, led by Rankin, assert that the
expenditures should be made by virtue of their
being necessary if justice is to be maintained.
Yet these backers have no satisfactory answer
to statements that there is no justification for
pensioning dependents of veterans who suf-
fered no disability through war service.
Still, passage of the Rankin bill is strongly
predicted. Its sponsor had little trouble obtain-
ing 218 signatures (a House majority) to bring
up the measure when he failed to get a ruling
because leaders wanted to postpone the issue.
Also indicative of the bill's likely success are
the passage over a presidential veto of a mea-
sure providing payment of travel allowances to
veterans of the Philippine Insurrection and
failure to pass, also over a veto, of a bill in-
tended to increase the pension allowances of
362 Civil War widows.
The United States can scarcely be called
stingy with its donations to veterans of its wars.
Since 1790, more than $14,000,000,000 have been
paid by the government in compensations of
various kinds to war veterans and their depen-
dents. And this sum does not include= the "bo-
nus" to veterans of the World War which will
amount to $3,000,000,000 when it has all been
paid. Pensions to be paid this year alone total
more than $450,000,000.
Pension rolls of this country, considered by
many to be a standing joke though a very ser-
ious one, contain more than 800,000 names, one
of which is a hold-over from the War of 1812
and 510,830 of which date back to the World
War. These 500,000-odd veterans of the last
war have already cost the government mo-
than $4,000,000,000 in pensions and $1,500,000;-
000 in hospitalization costs.
World War veterans have, therefore, cost us
more than $5,500,000 in pensions alone. Add to
.this total $3,000,000,000 in bonuses, and an
imposing sum ensues. Rankin and his crew

In Re: Hyma
To the Editor:
Professor Hyma has called youth "potential
Youth are not pacifists: they are willing to
lay down their lives in the defense of their
country. But, at the same time, they are deter-
mined to learn to live before they learn to die
in a foreign war that is not theirs. It is the
youth, demanding that 1917 shall not occur
again, who are genuinely loyal to the best in-
terests of the American people, who are keeping
faith with their nation.
Who are the traitors to America today? Those
who stand for peace or those who stand for
We hear much these days, and shall doubtless
hear more, from those who would put America
at war. They drape themselves in Old Glory,
mumble about "fifth columns," intone hollowly
the phrases "our science, our culture, our free-
dom, our civilization." They seek to discredit
and silence the voices for peace. It is these
who are the traitors to America.
Professor Hyma has libeled the thousands of
students on this campus and the millions of
people throughout America who serve their
country best by speaking out at this time for
peace. To them he owes an immediate apology.
Ellen F. Rhea, President,
American Student Union
Hugo M. Reichard, Vice-President
Not Affiliated
To the Editor:
I am not affiliated with any of these so-called
"peace organizations," but I offer every bit of
my moral support to them in spite tf Professor
Hyma's unwarranted accusation of "potential
traitors." I wonder how he ever conceived of
this idea. Perhaps the good professor is trou-
bled by disconcerting nightmares. Regardless
of the genesis of the notion, where does he get
the right to accuse us of being "potential
Professor Hyma, it seems, has spoken out of
turn! It is not his right to accuse anyone! It
is men such as this who sit comfortably on
their porch in U.S.A. and cheer on us poor
devils at the front in Europe. It is we traitors
who will be wallowing in the mud and blood
on foreign soil, facing gleaming rows of bloody
bayonets. It is we who will argue the point
with enemy tanks. It is we who want peace but
are forced into war because of the outbursts
of generous men like Hyma-generous, that is,
with our blood, our lives.
Has he ever been forced to go through the
hell that is war? Many of our fathers did.
Those that saw action in the last war are the
most confirmed "peace at any price" advo-
cates. Are they to be called traitors? They
shed their blood! Hyma didn't! They felt the
smashing impact of steel-jacketed bullets. They
felt their flesh and bone tear away as bits of
shrapnel ripped into their bodies. Was Hyma
there to see all this? They saw their buddies
wriggling in agony, spitted upon bayonets like
worms on a fishhook. Did Hyma lay in the foul
mud of France, hoping against hope that the
rescue party would find him before his blood
all seeped out through the crude, filthy band-
age on his head? Did his lungs feel the sear
of mustard gas?
If he has not encountered these horrible
things, why is he so willing to have us face
them? It is our right to demand peace, for it
is our blood that will be spilled in war. It is
our bodies that will feel the vicious bite of cold
steel. Let us fellows who will have to face these
things soon enough as it is do all the talking
about "potential traitors." There isn't a man
on this campus that wouldn't fight to protect
his home and family against any invading force,
but as far as offering our flesh and blood upon
foreign altars, God help us to keep "peace at
any price!"
- Victor 11. Holliger, '41
Atention Pacifists:
To the Editor:
From an AP report of an address delivered
last Tuesday, in Adrian, by Dr. Albert Hyma of

the history department of this University:
"Dr. Hyma charged that 'there are at least
1,000 potential traitors on the Michigan cam-
Dr. Hyma told the Adrian Exchange
apparent-no, to the first; maybe, to the
Our ability to pay, however, is influenced by
a variety of factors today. The first, and the
one of longest standing, is the depression which
resulted in a swelling of relief rolls and neces-
sary cuts in other government lines of spending,
More important right now, though, is the fact
that advocates of enlarging our national de-
fenses with a view to protection from possible
invasion are talking in billion-dollar terms right
Whether we shall need these billion-dollar
additions to our land, sea and air forces remains
to be seen. Whether we obtain the increases
also is not yet determined. But one thing is
certain: it would certainly be better to have
adequate defense forces, more WPA and NYA
projects and more provisions for general social
welfare than to add to the already-great sum
of more than $5,500,000,000 that has been given
World War veterans in the form of pensions
and medical care.

Club that by 'potential traitors' he referred to
those who belonged to youth organizations be-
lieving in 'peace at any price.'
"They do not believe in war or force; they
believe in the brotherhood of nations," he said.
"They are members of a passive and inactive
group who detest violence in every form. They
are the material of which traitors are made."
Among those things that we of the University
of Michigan section of the Fellowship of Recon-
ciliation, a pacifist (not to be confused with
passivist) organization, believe in, is the renun-
ciation of the use of violence and force in any
form as a means to any end.
Until the appearance of the report of Dr.
Hyma's address we were not aware of the large
number of our ideological fellows on this cam-
pus. We extend our invitation to the other 975
pacifists on this campus to attend our Monday
evening meetings.
- Murray .R. Deutsch
Publicly Accused
To the Editor:
Professor Hyma has publicly accused us, as
well as 998 other students on our campus, of
being "material of which traitors are made."
"These people," declared Professor Hyma, "do
not believe in war or force. They believe in
the principle c the brotherhood of nations.
They are members of a passive and inactive
group who detest violence in every form. They
are the materials of which traitors are made."
Who are the real traitors to our country? Is
it those who constantly raise their voices for
America's non-involvement in the European
war? Is peace now synonymous with treason?
On the contrary, it is precisely those people
who would throw the weight of our country's
resources behind one of the belligerent powers
who are the real foes of America.
We strongly oppose any move which would
result in American participation in the conflict
abroad; but this does not imply a passivity and
an inactivity whch rejects life-and-death sup-
port for a just cause. We stand for the unqual-
ified extension of full aid to the Chinese people.
Furthermore we would not hesitate a moment
to aid colonial movements for liberation whether
it be in India, the Near East, or Africa. It is
precisely because we believe in the principle of
the brotherhood of nations that we want to
see the Indian, Arabian and African cultures
developed by these oppressed native peoples
and not by the English, French or German im-
For two thousand years Christians have pro-
claimed the doctrine of the brotherhood of man,
But we charge that neither Britain, France nor
Germany are fighting for the freedom of na-
tionalities: witness the treatment they mete out
to their colonial subjects. For this reason we
maintain that this is not our war, and that
America must keep out of a struggle between
rival empires for the colonies that constitutg
the rewards of war.
If to support a genuine colonial movement
for liberation is treason; if to keep America out
of a war in which millions will die for others'
markets; and if to support the Christian doc-
trine of the brotherhood of man is treason, then
Professor Hyma is right: we are traitors.
- Harry Stutz
George Moore
Invitation To Slosson
To the Editor:
The recent Spring Parley discussions on the
problem of war and peace revealed three major
positions. The first was the isolationist posi-
tion, which insisted on America's keeping out
of European struggles, out of the war abroad. A
second was the pro-Ally position which held
that America could not avoid responsibilities
on the world scene, that we would have to back
up the so-called democracies with active political
aid, financial aid, and perhaps military aid.
More clearly every day these positions have
resolved themselves into, on the one hand, a
pro-war position, and on the other a blind
ostrich in the sand position. There has always
been a third alternative, the alternative of
socialist internationalism, of the third camp op-

posed to the two-sided war-camp alignments of
Berlin-Moscow 'and London-Paris-Washington.
It was highly unfortunate that the recent
debate which Professor Preston Slosson en-
gaged in did not come to direct grips with these
central political positions of the day. And we
should like to take this opportunity to ask him
to pick up the disputes that the Fourth Inter-
national had with him at the World Peace panel,
which managed to excite so much interest at
that time, in formal debate. Mr. Max Schacht-
man, National Secretary of the Workers Party,
now on national tour, will be in Ann Arbor on
May 30, and we feel that it is almost Prof.
Slosson's duty to defend his internationalism of
democratic victory against the socialist inter-
nationalism as a solution to the problems of
War and Peace for both Europe and America.
Every day it becomes clearer that the isolation-
ist ideology is simply political suicide for the
anti-war forces in this country. The war is
deepening, and people will feel pressed by events
to take sides. The question becomes-with Pro-
fessor Slosson. on the side of the democracies--
or with the masses of France, Germany, Eng-
land, Russia, Italy, India, the United States,
against their own existing Governments and
for a sane and socialist reconstruction of the
world order. We think that as things become

Drew Persom
Robert S. Altep
OW hh
WASHINGTON-U.S. intelligence
reports have worked out what they
call the "Hitler Time-Table" giving
the approximate time at which hef
will attack each country. The time-0
table is based upon hitherto reliableb
information received from the Ger-E
man military, who have been ex-
tremely frank, if not boastful about8
their ability to overrun Europe.
According to this time-table, Hit-
ler will wait about six weeks to con-
solidate his bases on the Dutch coast,
en launch his air armada against
However, the time-table was work-a
'd out some time ago, and some ob-
servers believe that Hitler's swift
victory over Holland will be so devas-a
tating, that the Nazis will movea
against England within a very short d
Regarding the outcome of this at- '
tack, U.S. military strategists ared
extremely pessimistic. They believe N
that with its tremendous air ar-
mada, Germany can subdue England
in relatively short order.t
A Day With FDRh
It is interesting to compare the E
old rumors about the Presidnt'sc
health with the way he is working
under the war strain. He has wornS
out most of the men around him.
Two days before Hitler invadedn
Holland, there was a false alarmt
that German troops had crossed the E
border. So at 11 that night, Sumner t
Welles, fast asleep, got a call on thet
private White House phone besidee
his bed. Roosevelt was up. He asked
Welles to come to the White House. w
The President remained up and
busy on the transatlantic telephone
until after 2 a.m.
Two nights later, when Hitler ac-
tually moved into Holland, Roosevelt 1
finally went to bed at 3 a.m. But
more reports kept coming in, soB
that he remained in bed awake. The b
last report arrived at 4 a.m., whenh
Ambassador Bullitt called him fromY
Paris. C
By 8 a.m. the President was up
again, and by 8:30 had signed thec
executive order freezing Belgian and a
Dutch funds in the United States.
Then he put in his regular day,
plus time taken out to receive the
Belgian and Dutch envoys. Finally,
at 5 p.m. he stopped work and began p
dictating the speech he was to de-t
liver to the American scientific Con-
ference that evening.
This was finished about 6:30. Then
while the speech was being typed,A
Roosevelt took a swim, snatched a
bite to eat, and delivered his speech1
at 9:30 p.m. He had kept going ford
almost 24 hours.t
Latin America?p
A Latin American Ambassador whoi
is popular in Washington social cir-
cles was receiving the condolencesc
of his friends just after Hitler start-t
ed to blitzkrieg Holland.I
"Too bad for you," his friendso
said. "South America will be next.a
Hitler will want to take your rawa
"Too bad for me?" shot back thet
Ambassador. "You mean too bad
for ,you. You are the upholders of
the Monroe Doctrine. You are the
powerful leader which dominatesr
the Western Hemisphere and keepsa
us together.
"Therefore, I suggest that youD
take note as to what happened in7
Europe. Did Hitler invade Rumaniat
and Yugoslavia first? No! He wentg
for Great Britain, the key to the
British Empire. Norway and Hol-c
land merely were steps nearer thea
British coast. For Hitler knew that

once the British Empire fell, all the
small countries of Europe would sur-f
render. England was their leaderc
and protector. t
"Thus it will also be in the West-r
ern Hemisphere," the Ambassador
continued. "If and when Hitler de-
cides to move across the Atlantic,
he will drive straight for the United
States, nerve center of the Americas.
For he knows that once he has sub-
dued the protector of the Monroet
Doctrine,' then all the countries ofa
Pan-America will fold up and come1
under his wing."
Note-Whether the Ambassador is1
right or not, a good many U.S. Army
and Navy strategists are working
along this line of national defense.'
Rattler Cocktail
Senator "Honest Vic" Donahey of1
Ohio is quite an amateur chef, and
once invited a group of newspaper
friends to partake of his culinary
skill. First item on the menu was
what Donahey called a "rare deli-
cacy." But he smilingly refused to
divulge its ingredients until the
guests had tasted it.,
"This is one of my masterpieces,"
proclaimed the Senator. "It's some-
thing none of you, I'm sure, has ever
tasted before. I want to get your

(Continued from Page 2'

p.m. During the remainder of the
week, May 21 to 24, visitors will bea
welcome during the regular officeE
hours, 9 to 12 and 1 to 4.r
All who are interested in seeing the1
work of the Department are invited.
JGP script deadline is Novemberf
15. The deadline for synopses or
first acts is July 1. All material
turned in during the summer shoulda
be se'.it to the League in care of Miss
Ethel McCormick. The writer of the
script used for production will bes
paid $100.-
Academic Notices1
English 128: The Make-up exami-
nation will be held in Room 2225 A.H.
at 3 p.m. today.
Music Theory Comprehensive Ex-r
aminations: The comprehensive ex-
amination for all students expecting
degrees in Theory or CompositionI
(B.Mus., M.Mus., M.A.) in June orv
August, 1940, will be given on Satur-1
day, May 18, at 2 p.m., 400 Burtons
Memorial Tower.
The Doctoral Examination of Sis-
ter Mary Roswitha Schauls will be
held at 1:30 p.m. today in the
West Council Room, Rackhamt
Building. The department of spe-
cialization is Physics. The title of
the thesis is "An Analysis of the First
Spark Spectrum of Molybdenum."
Professor R. A. Sawyer as chair-
man of the committee will conduct
the examination. By direction of thef
Executive Board, the chairman hasc
he privilege of inviting members of t
the faculty and advanced doctoral l
candidates to attend the examination
and to grant permission to others
who might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Doctoral Examination of Frank
Watkins Jobes will be held atm
:00 p.m. today in 1039 Museums
Bldg. Mr. Jobes' department of spe-
cialization is Zoology. The title ofs
is thesis is "Age and Growth of thec
Yellow Perch, Perca flavescens (Mit-
chill), in Lake Erie."
Dr. C. L. Hubbs as chairman of the
committee will conduct the examin-
ation. By direction of the Executive
Board, the chairman has the privilege
f inviting members of the faculty and
advanced doctoral candidates to at-
tend the examination and to grant
permission to others who might wish
to be present.
C. S. Yokum
Doctoral Examination of Mrs.
Alice CorneliaaHayes Kempf will
be held at 3:00 p.m. today in1
1564 East Medical Bldg. Mrs. Kempf'sE
department of specialization is Bac-
teriology. The title of her thesis is
"A Study of Serum Therapy in Ex-]
perimental Pneumococcus PneumoniaI
in Rats."
Dr. M. H. Soule as chairman of the
committee will conduct the examina-;
tion. By direction of the Executive]
Board, the chairman has the privilege1
of inviting members of the faculty
and advanced doctoral candidates to
attend the examination and to grant;
permission to others who might wish
to be present.
C. S. Voakum
The Doctoral Examination of Nor-
man Lee Oleson will be held
at 2:00 p.m. today in the East
Council Room, Rackham Building.
Mr. Oleson's department of speciali-
zation is Physics. The title of his
thesis is "The Multiple Scattering of
Fast Electrons."
Professor H. R. Crane as chairman
of the committee will conduct the ex-
amination. By direction of the Ex-
ecutive Board, the chairman has the
privilege of inviting members of the
faculty and advanced doctoral candi-
dates to attend the examination and
to grant permission to others who

might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
The Doctoral Examination of James
Wright Freeman will be held at 9:00
a.m., Saturday, May 18, in 3201 East
Engineering Bldg. Mr. Freeman's
department of specialization is Metal-
lurgical Engineering., The title of
his thesis is "The Diffusion of Alum-
inum and Iron in Iron-Aluminum
Professor C. L. Clark as chairman
of the committee will conduct the
examination. By direction of the
Executive Board, the chairman has
the privilege of inviting members of
the faculty and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examination
and to grant permission to others
who might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
The Doctoral Examination of Har-
old Shaw Howe will be held at 2:00
p.m. Saturday, May 18, in the East
Council Room, Rackham Building.
Mr. Howe's department of specializa-
tion is. Physics. The title of his
thesis is "Ammonia Absorption Meas-.

Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Photographs of recent
architectural work In Florida, In the
modern manner, by Architects Igor
B. Polevitzky and T. Trip Russell.
Ground floor corridor cases. Open
daily 9 to 5, through May 22, except
Sunday. The public is invited.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Drawings of candidates
in the recent competition for the
George G. Booth Travelling Fellow-
ship in Architecture. Third floor ex-
hibition room. Open daily 9 to b
except Sunday, through May 18. The
public is invited.
Eleventh Annual Exhibition of
Sculpture of the Institute of Fine
Arts in the Michigan League Build-
ing on view daily until after Com-
Exhibition of works in water colors
by Cleveland artists, drawings by
John Carroll, Walt Disney originals,
Auspices Ann Arbor Art Association
and University Institute of Fine Arts.
Open daily, 2-5 until May 22, Alumni
Memorial Hail. Sundays included.
An exhibition of the H. A. Elsberg
collection of coptic and islamic tex-
tiles of the University of Michigan.
Rackham Building, through May 18.
Graduation Recital: Frank Fisher,
violinist, will give a recital in partial
fulfillment for the degree of Bachelor
of Music, tonight at 8:15 o'clock, at
the School of Music Auditorium on
Maynard Street. The general public
is invited.
The Karl Marx Society is sponsor-
~ng its second lecture today at 4
'clock at the Michigan Union. Hen-
ry Winston, National Secretary of
he Young Communist League, will
speak on "Is This a War for Free-
dom?" No admission charge-all
Today's Events
Phi Tau Alpha: Plautus' "Menae-
chmi" will be presented for metbers
and others interested in the Univer-
sity High School Auditorium tonight
at 8:00.
Suomi Club: Wiener roast this
evening at the Three Islands. Meet
at Lane Hall at 7:30 p.m.
The Ann Arbor Independents are
having a coke-social from 3 p.m. to
4 p.m. today in the League Grill.
Stalker Hall: Bible class led by Dr.
Brashares at Stalker Hall at 7:30
The Westminster Student Guild of
the First Presbyterian Church will
have a Spring Semi-Formal Dinner
Party tonight at 7:00.
Professor John P. Dawson will
speak on "Civil Liberties and the
War" at the Hillel Foundation to-
night at 8:00 p.m. Services begin at
7:30 p.m.
Coming Events
Biul4gical Chemistry Seminar will
be held Saturday, May 18, at 10:00
a.m., in Room 319, West Medical
Building. Subject: "Lipid Metabol-
ism of the Fowl." All interested are
The Angell Hall Observatory will
be open to the public from 8:00 to
10:00 Saturday evening, May 18. The
moon and the planet Venus will be

shown through the telescopes. Other
interesting objects will also be shown
if time permits. Children must be
accompanied by adults.
Junior Mathematical Club will have
a picnic at the Island on Saturday,
leaving from in front of Angell Hall
at 4 o'clock. Those interested in go-
ing please call Sally Lev or Ted Hilde-
brandt. See Saturday's Daily for
further announcement.
Tbe Pre-Medical Society will elect
next year's officers on Tuesday, May
21, at 8:00 p.m., in the East Amphi-
theatre of the West Medical Build-
ing. All those interested in holding
office should contact Leonard Kurtz,
chairman of the elections committee,
as early as possible, since each can-
didate must submit a petition for
election by Monday, May 20.
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers will meet Monday at 12:10 p.m.
in the Founders' Room, Michigan
Union. All faculty members inter-
ested in speaking German are cordial-
ly invited. There will be a brief in-
formal talk by Professor Theophil H.
Hildebrandt on "Etwas vom Orgel-

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