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May 15, 1940 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-05-15

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'iL4tGJ Bc f Gor- r u..D. ..
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arior, Michigan, as
Second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
4.00; by mail, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
Editorial Staff

Hervie Haufler
Alvin Sarasohn. .
Paul M. Chandler
Karl Kessler
Milton Orshefsky
Howard A. Goldman .
Donald Wirtchafter
Esther Osser
Helen Corman

. . Managing Editor
. . . Editorial Director
. . . . City Editor
. . . Associate Editor
. . . Associate Editor
. . . Associate Editor
. . . Sports Editor
S . . Women's Editor
" . Exchange Editor

Businaess Staff
Business Manager . . .,.f
Assistant Business Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

Irving Guttman
Robert Gilmour
Helen Bohnsack
. Jane Krause

The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Appears Here .. .
TmRICHINOSIS has been uncovered
again in Ann Arbor, Dr. Lloyd R.
Gates of the Public Health and Sanitation De-
partment of the Health Service has revealed.
One student who ate three underdone ham-
burgers in a local snack shop is suffering from
a severe case of the trichina. Two other stu-
dents have shown symptoms of the disease and
are being closely watched by the Health Service.
Each year the Health Service discovers a
few cases of trichinosis due to diseased pork.
According to Dr. Gates, some local restaurants
mix cheaper pork with the more expensive beef
and serve them to the students in a semi-raw
condition. Only a very small percentage of the
pork is infected with trichina spores, since the
local meat plants are inspected. But a truly
efficient inspection of pork demands a micro-
scopic examination, and inspectors have neither
the time nor equipment for more than a super-
ficial going over. Obviously tainted meat is
disposed of, but the slightly diseased portions
escape detection in many cases.
HWEVER, the fact that the pork is infected
is not in itself very dangerous. Meat that
is only slightly infected can be made edible by
thorough cooking and by thorough cooking
alone. This has been the fault, of both the
lunchrooms and the students. The former mix
their beef with pork and the latter accept the
hamburgers in a half raw condition. Hambur-
gers are slapped on a griddle and seared, but
the middle section is still underdone. Heat will
kill the trichina spores, and complete cooking
is the only method of heating the meat.
According to Dr. Gates, from one to three
per cent of the population of Ann Arbor and
its vicinity has trichinosis in either a mild or
severe form. The average here is rather low,
but in some sections of the country it rises as
high as ten or twelve per cent. These figures
are based on reported cases, not including
cases which go unnoticed. Autopsies from city
hospitals reveal that a much greater number
of people have trichinosis than show on the
records. Many complaints of "rheumatic pains"
or "muscle aches" are in reality trichinosis in
some phase of development.
The Health Service needs the cooperation of
all students. Demand to have your meat well
cooked; it may save you many painful months
in a hospital bed.
-Eugene Mandeberg
Wages-Hours Law
Favored In Survey.
A FTER 18 MONTHS of existence the
Wages and Hours Law has come in
for criticism and approval from employers, em-
ployes and administrators, but the concensus
of opinion as collected in a survey by Irving
Billiard, of the St. Louis Post Dispatch, is that
the law has brouight definite advantages to
workers, although there is still room for changes
in it.
Dilliard interviewed Congressmen, executives,
union men, sociologists (including Dr. W. E. B.
DuBois, champion of Negroes) and government
administrators. Employers' criticisms were prin-

plaint is that the penalty for violations has
not been strong enough. Most of them feel
that simply requiring restitution of back wages
is not vigorous enough. They cited cases where
companies evaded the law by having their em-
ployes punch time cards, and then come back
to work overtime without recording the extra
work. However, CIO officials anticipate that
many unorganized employes will join unions
after seeing how many benefits can be derived
tunder the law for labor as a whole.
While its administrators recognize these weak-
nesses in the enforcement of the law, they ex-
pect many of them to be corrected in the fu-
ture. Col. Philip B. Fleming, administrator,
pointed out that it has taken time to train in-
spectors and that hundreds are being trained
now. The men are being hired under civil ser-
vice, which will eliminate the evils of political
patronage, but means slower progress.
MOST ENCOURAGING to government repre-
sentatives has been the attitude of the
southern courts toward the Act. The constitu-
tionality of the law has been upheld even by
conservative judges like Federal Judge Isaac
M. Meekins of North Carolina, who was de-
scribed by a Raleigh newspaper as being "not
known as any great liberal." Among construc-
tive activities, the administrators pointed out
that employers are making restitution of
$6,000,00 in wages which were held during in-
vestigation of complaints.
As a result of his survey, Dilliard decided
unqualifiedly in favor of the Act, saying, "On
the basis of performance during the 18 months
of life, the law and its administrators are en-
titled to the support of employers, the apprecia-
tion of employes and the sympathetic under-
standing of the public."
- Jean Shapero
Mexican Politics
Or Mexican Oil? .
S INCE THE DAYS of Pancho Villa,
the United States and her southern'
neighbor, Mexico, have continue amicable rela-
tions. Furthermore, we want this relationship
to continue; which makes the undeclared war
that the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey
has been waging against Mexico all the more
a matter' of public interest and concern.
It's been going on for two years now, ever
since the expropriation of foreign-owned oil
properties by Mexico. From Room 1609, 30
Rockefeller Plaza, New York City, there has
been flowing a continuous deluge of anti-Mex-
ico propaganda published by the Committee on
Mexican Relations, an agency in fact of the
Standard Oil Company of New Jersey. The
amount of material they have published is tre-
mendous-no less than five bound volumes, plus
innumerable pamphlets, releases, mats, clip
sheets, and other educational matter, have been
sent to newspapers, magazines, colleges, uni-
versities, women's clubs, ministers and edu-
The propaganda-bewailing alleged cruelties
perpetrated upon United States citizens because
of the economic and social chaos that radical
policies of the Cardenas administration-are
supposed to have created-this propaganda
exists solely to whip up American public senti-
ment against Mexico and in favor of action by
our government on behalf of the oil companies.
THE PROPAGANDA bore some fruit, for the
State Department has been recently making
advances to Mexico that the matter should be
settled by international arbitration. But Mexico
has left our State Department blushing by de-
claring that the expropriations are of domestic
concern, and proving her point by working out
terms with the powerful interests of the Con-
solidated Oil Company whereby it is reported
that the company will receive between eight
and 12 millions a year for a number of years.
This company's interests represent approxi-
mately 40 per cent of the total American claims;
if they can settle, se can the others.
But the propaganda has achieved other re-
sults; another branch of our government-the
Dies Committee, in fact-is going to intervene
in Mexico's domestic affairs. Two weeks before

the Mexican presidential election, the Dies Com-
mittee proposes to hold an inquiry in Texas
with regard to alleged efforts by Communists'
and Nazis to take over the Mexican'government.
IF YOU REMEMBER, Dies pulled a like trick
in Michigan just before the gubernatorial
election of 1938, which was instrumental in
defeating Frank Murphy. Now Dies is doing it
on an international scale with the purpose, as
charged by Mexican officials, of damaging the
presidential aspirations of General Camacho,
the left-wing and Cardenas-supported candi-
date, and thereby aiding General Almazan, the
right-wing candidate who is supported by the
oil companies. As usual, we can expect the Dies
investigation to become an open forum for all
those who wish to slander the Cardenas regime.
Standard Oil is counting heavily on this and
will undoubtedly see that it is widely publicized
below the Rio Grande.
Instead of giving Dies iiore money for his
activities, Congress should set up a committee
to investigate and prosecute these interferences
in Mexican domestic affairs by the oil com-
panies and its connection with the Dies Com-
mittee. While international conditions are so
widely in a state of bitter chaos, it is a crime
to allow the oil interests of this country to con-
tinue to poison our relations with our southern
- Robert Speckhard
The Youthful Driver
Studies of accidents show that the young

A Review
THE LAST ISSUE of Perspectives contains
much wheat and but little chaff. In the
part devoted to fiction there is particular merit
in two stories. Jay McCormick's "Neither Do
They Spin" is about a boy, bewildered, discour-
aged, groping for a solution to the great prob-
lem of his life. Admirably written, the story
is successful in conveying to the reader the feel-
ing of despair that possesses the boy and the
futility of the bystanders' attempts to relieve
him of his burden. "Edgar's Green Pants," by
Emile Gele, as the title suggests, contains hu-
mor, but it is humor of a grim kind-the kind
that makes people laugh when they see a dog
running frantically about with a tin can tied
to his tail. Yet there is more to the story than
brutality, for Edgar, the colored boy, seems
almost to enjoy his persecution. And the tor-
mentors are more than just a group of boys.
They reveal changes of feeling, now teasing
Edgar, now championing his cause, and, in the
case of Joe, there is outright disapproval of
the act. These changes are skillfully presented.
The place of honor is given to "Life's First
Riddle," by Emmanuel Varandyan, although the
quality of the piece does not warrant this prom-
inence. There is a simplicity and artlessness
here which is pleasing, but these are obscured
by a few annoying tricks of style. For example,
the author's over-fondness for certain figures
of speech spells his ruin. There are innumerable
similes which detract from the narrative. From
the animal kingdom alone the writer has bor-
rowed, among others, scared fawns, an annoyed
hippopotamus, cautious cats, merry butterflies,
and, if we may extend the province of God's
creatures slightly, a sphinx. Furthermore, the
story is kept from distinction by such hackneyed
devices as: "I dropped like a deflated balloon,,,
"on the verge of total collapes." "empty, mean-
ingless words," "he seemed as though he were
living in a different world," and "under the spell
of some mysterious power." Also, the tale gains
little from the few foreign words rather clumsily
footnoted; they add no flavor as we find, for
instance, in How Green Was My Valley. It is a
pity that the author has allowed these deficien-
cies to stand, for he can write well. The boy's
own notion of the mystery of birth, for instance,
is told in a poetic prose not unlike that found
in Irish literature.
THE ESSAYS in this issue are high in quality.
James Green's "Kenneth Fearing-Social
Poet" is written with distinction, while Richard
Ludwig's account of the language and customs
of the Pennsylvania Dutch is told precisely and
is amusing. The book reviews are by writers
with ideas, which are expressed fluently and
decisively. Reviewing Faulkner's Hamlet, Har-
vey Swados is guided by common-sense and
honesty. Bethel Merriday (discussed by Charles
Leavey) is presented in a more informal manner
than. the first review or than Oscar Millar's
informative piece on Citizens. There are inter-
esting poems by Frank Conway, Nancy Mikel-
son, Howard Moss, John Brinnin, and John
All in all, from the fiction through the essays
and the reviews to the verse, the May Number
of Perspectives is not only well done but at
times is actually distinguished.
OebD .

To the Editor:
This is a somewhat belated expression of ap-
preciation for the splendid cooperation we re-
ceived in our drive to raise funds for medical
aid to China last week. We sincerely thank, too,
those who have written in or told us of their
great interest and their commendation for our
concert and opera which we presented in Pat-
tengill Auditorium on May 5th and 6th. We
wish to report that some eight hundred were
present at the program and results were very
gratifying. Without a doubt, however, any suc-
cess we had was due in no small measure to the
patrons and other friends who were at all times
encouraging and helpful. This letter is espe-
cially to acknowledge the very generous dona-
tions of the following persons:

Drew Pe~so
~Roert S.en
WASHINGTON-Behind the Pres-
ident's speech to the American Scien-
tific Conference was a very genuine
worry over the protection of the
Western Hemisphere.
The President threw aside a
speech which had been prepared for
several days before, and during the
tense hours just before Holland and
Belgium were invaded he dictated
a new draft which emphasized the
importance of Pan-American unity,
plus force, to protect these conti-
nents. He even raised the question
whether the American nations could
stand idly by while dictators conquer
the rest of the world.
Behind all this were some very
careful studies which therPresident
and his naval and military strate-
gists have been making of Western
Hemisphere defense.
It may sound like scare headlines,
but it is no exaggeration to say that
to the strategists who take out pa-
per and pencil to figure on protect-
ing the U.S.A., Nazi activities in
Norway, Denmark, Holland and Bel-
gium have meant the very definite
scrapping (for the first time in our
164-year history) of George Wash-
ington's Farewell Address on Amer-
ican isolation.
Here is how the strategists figure
it out. The keystone of American
defense has been:
1. A big navy in the Pacific.
2. Friendship with Great Britain,
which rules the waves of the At-
Assuming that the British fleet
should disappear from the Atlantic,
the United States would then have
to maintain two fleets-one for the
Pacific and one for the Atlantic.
And it would take at least four years
to build a new fleet for the Atlantic.
Red Herring
ONE OF the weapons of modern
war is the red herring. Honor
has departed from warfare. The Na-
zis used subterfuge to get into Nor-
way, German aviators dressed in
Dutch uniforms to land in Holland.
Italy maneuvered in the Mediterra-
nean to keep the British from send-
ing too many ships to Scandinavia.
Mussolini was the red herring.
Therefore, it is not unreasonable
to figure that if Germany ever want-
ed to land troops in the Western
Hemisphere, Japan would be the red
herring, would send her fleet toward
Hawaii. Probably she would not
land in Hawaii, but merely maneuver
enough to keep the U.S. fleet in the
Pacific, prevent it from protecting
the Atlantic coast.
At present only four cruisers, plus
one small airplane carrier and some
decrepit destroyers, guard the Atlan-
tic. Before the Pacific fleet could re-
turn through Panama to the Atlan-
tic, Germany could land all the
troops she wanted in Trinidad, or
Puerto Rico, or the northern tip of
South America.
Military minds calculate that Ger-
man troops even could be landed in
Newfoundland, which has, at Bot-
wood, one of the best airports in the
world. And from Botwood they
could land in Maine about as fast
as U.S. forces could concentrate
against them.
German, however, is not likely to
bother with New England. Far

wealthier, far more important are
the oil fields of Venezuela, the trop-
ical plantations of Brazil, the wheat
fields of Argentina. Here there are
large groups of German and Italian
settlers. And here, rather than in
the more crowded areas of Europe,
are the real outlets for excess Ger-
man population.
Important fact: The Low Coun-
tries now invaded by Hitler are
among the most densely populated
in the world, have no raw mater-
ials. Outside of Africa, the wealth-
iest raw material area in the world,
also the least populated, lies under
the Monroe]Doctrine.
Roosevelt Talks
THE FOUR Iowa congressional
leaders who called on the Pres-
ident the other day heard some-
thing which left their mouths agape.
For Roosevelt told them categor-
ically that he was not a candidate
for re-election.
While they were still gasping, he
delivered another stunner:-that he
had never seriously entertained the
idea of running again.
The four callers-Senators Her-
ring and Gillette, Representatives
Jacobsen and Harrington-had ar-
rived to discuss a proposal that
Roosevelt endorse a "harmony" tic-
ket similar to the one patched up in
Texas. The plan was engineered by
Gillette to bloc an «Iowa third-term


(Continued from Page 2"
America and contributions will not
be made by the University nor can
premium payments be deducted ex-
cept in the case of annuity or insur-
ance policies of this association.
9. The general administration of
the annuity and insurance tsiness
has been placed in the hands of Sec-
retary of the University by the Re-
Please communicate with the un-
dersigned if you have not complied
with the specific requirements as
stated in (3) above.
Herbert G. Watkins, Ass't Secy.
To the Members of the University
Senate: There will be a meeting of
the University Senate on Monday,
May 20, at 4:15 p.m. in the Rackham
Lecture Hall.
Louis A. Hopkins, Secretary
Faculty, College of Engineering:
There will be a meeting of the Facul-
ty of this College on Thursday, May
116, at 4:15 p.m., in Room 348.
West Engineering Building. Agenda:
Nomination of panel of three to re-
place Professor A. H. White on Ex-
ecutive Committee. Present mem-
A. H. White to June, 1940.
R. H. Sherlock to June, 1941.
E. L. Eriksen to June, 1942.
R. L. Morrison to June, 1943.
Nomination of member to replace
Professor B. F. Bailey on University
Council. Present members:
B. F. Bailey, term expires 1940.
A. Marin, term expires 1941.
E. M. Bragg, term expires 1942.
R. A. Dodge, term expires 1943.
Routine Business.
A. H. Lovell, Secretary.
At a special meeting of the Execu-
tive Committee of the Interfraternity
Council held Monday, May 13, 1940,
Psi Upsilon Fraternity and Delta
Kappa Epsilon Fraternity were placed
on special probation for the remain-
der of the current semester and for
the entire first semester of 1940-41,
including J-Hop.
German Departmental Library: All
books due today.
Academic Notices
Juniors concentrating in English
are invited to apply for admission to
the Senior Honors Course in English,
Names should be left in the English
Office, 3221 A.H. before noon on
Saturday, May 18.
W. G. Rice
Preliminary Examinations for the
doctorate in the School of Education
will be held on May 23, 24, and 25.
Graduate students desiring to take
these examinations should notify my
office, 4002 University High School,
not later than May 18.
Clifford Woody
English 128: The Make-up exami-
nation will be held in Room 2225 A.H.
at 3 p.m. on Friday, May 17.
The professional-degree examina-
tion of Max William Benjamin will
be held at 2:00 p.m. today in
the East Council Room, Rack-
ham Building. Mr. Benjamin's de-
partment of specialization is Mech-
anical Engineering. The title of his
thesis is "Development of Factors
for Correctingsstraction-Turbine.
Steam-Rate Tests t Standard Ope-
ating Conditions."
Professor H. E. Keeler, as chairman
of the committee, will conduct the
examination. By direction of the
Executive Board, the chairman has
the privilege of inviting members of
the faculty and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examina-
tion and to grant permission to others
who might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum

Doctoral Examination of Walter
Schauman Lundahl will be held at
4:00 p.m., Thursday, May 16, in 3089
N.S. Mr. Lundahl's department of
specialization is Zoology. The title
of his thesis is "Life History of Caec-
incola parvulus Marshall and Gilbert
(Cryptogonimidae, Trematoda) and
the Development of Its Excretory Sys-
Dr. G. R. La Rue, as chairman of
the committee, will conduct the ex-
amination. By direction of the Ex-
ecutive Board, the chairman has the
privilege of inviting members of the
faculty and advanced doctoral candi-
dates to attend the examination and
to grant permission to others who
might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
The Doctoral Examination of Paul
Francis Leedy will be held at 2:00
p.m., Thursday, May 16, in 3223 A.H.
Mr. Leedy's department of special-
ization is English Language and Liter-
ature. The title of his thesis is "The
Overthrow of Alexander Pope's Repu-
tation as Poet."
Professor L. I. Bredvold as chair-
man of the committee will conduct

partment of specialization is Forestry
and Conservation. The title of his
thesis is "The Prediction of Diameter
Growth of Trees in Even-Aged
Professor D. M. Matthews as chair-
man of the committee will conduct
the examination. By direction of the
Executive Board, the chairman has
the privilege of inviting members of
the faculty and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examination
and to grant permission to others who
might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Graduation Recital: Frank Fisher,
violinist, will give a recital in partial
fulfillment for the degree of Bachelor
of Music, Friday evening, May 17, at
8:15 o'clock, at the School of Music
Auditorium on Maynard Street. The
general public is invited.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Photographs of recent
architectural work in Florida in the
modern manner, by Architects Igor
y. Polevitzky and T. Trip Russell.
Ground floor corridor cases. Open
daily 9 to 5, through May 22, except
Sunday. The public is invited.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Drawings of candidates
in the recent competition for the
George G. Booth Travelling Fellow-
Ghip in Architecture. Third floor ex-
hibition room. Open daily 9 to 5
except Sunday, through May 18. The
public is invited.
Exhibition of works in water colors
oy Cleveland artists, drawings by
John Carroll, Walt Disney originals.
Auspices Ann Arbor Art Association
mnd University Institute of Fine Arts.
3pen daily, 2-5 until May 22, Alumni
Memorial Hail. Sundays included.
An exhibition of the H. A. Elsberg
ollection of coptic and islamic tex-
iles of the University of Michigan.
Rackham Building, through May 18.
Eleventh Annual Exhibition of
Sculpture of the Institute of Fine
Arts in the Michigan League Build-
.ng on view daily until after Com-
University Lecture: Harry Elmer
Barnes, Ph.D., Lecturer, New School
.n Social Research, will lecture on
"The Present World Crisis" under the
muspices of the Division of the Social
Sciences at 4:15 p.m. on Thursday,
Kay 16, in the Rackham Amphithe-
atre. The public is cordially invited.
American Chemical Society Lec-
ture: Professor H. B. Hass of Purdue
University will speak on "The Nitra-
tion of Gaseous Saturated Hydrocar-
bons" at 4:15 p.m. Thursday, May 16,
in Room 303, Chemistry Building.
The meeting is open to the public.
The Karl Marx Society is sponsor-
ing its second lecture on Friday, May
17, at 4 o'clock at the Michigan
Union. Henry Winston, National
Secretary of the Young Communist
League, will speak on "Is This a War
for Freedom?" No admission charge
--all welcome.
Lecture, College of Architecture
and Design: Mr. Serge Chermayeff,
goted English architect, coming un-
:Ier the auspices of the American In-
stitute of Architects on the Waid
Lecture Fund, will give an illustrated
lecture in the Amphitheatre of the
Rackham Building today at .4:30 p.m.
Subject: "Modern Science, Technique,
Arts and a Living Architecture." In
the evening there will be a discussion

meeting in the ground floor Lecture
Room of the Architecture Building
at 7:30 p.m. Both meetings are
open to the public.
Today's Events
Anatomy Research Club Meeting
today at 4:30 p.m., in Room 2501
East Medical Building.
Dr. Jacob Sachs will give a paper
entitled: "Radioactive Isotopes in Bi-
ological Research."
Tea at 4:00 p.m. in Room 3502.
All interested are invited.
Research Club will meet tonight at
8:00 in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
Annual election of officers and vote on
a candidate for membership. Papers
by Professor C. L. Hubbs on "Fishes
of the Isolated Watersof the Ameri-
can West," and by Professor A. Hy-
ma on "Anglo-Dutch Rivalry and
Subsequent Friendship in the Far
East." The Council will meet at 7:30
in the alcove of the Assembly Hall.
Chemistry Colloquium will meet to-
day at 4:15 p.m. in Room 303 Chem-
istry Building. Dr. R. K. McAlpine
will speak on "Basic Nitra.tes of

Mrs. Henry Douglas ...
Prof.' Bennett Weaver . .
Mrs. Mabel Rhead .....
Rev. Henry Lewis..... .
Mr. Philip Sheuh ......
Mr. Kenneth Morgan ..
Mrs. Alex Dow ........
Prof. Leroy Waterman
Mrs. Bessie L. Whitaker
Prof. Warner Rice ....
Prof. H. Higbie ........
Mr. E. Adams ........
Miss Wang Ming Chen
Mr. M. J. Staebler ....
Mr. W. H. Faust ......
Mrs. Sarah Rowe ......
Miss Chen Yao

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