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May 08, 1940 - Image 4

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t a .- 111 1.V iiA L .1' L'4 1"L ' J.l t1J 1 L. 5.4.1



24e EDITOR e

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
94.00; b~y mail, $4.50.'-
National Advertising Service, bne.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40

Carl Petersen
Elliott Maraniss
Stan M. Swinton
Morton L. Linder
Norman A. Schorr
Dennis Flanagan
John N. Canavan
Ann Vicary
Mel Fineberg.

Editorial Staff
. s
. .
. .
Business Staff

Managing Editor
Editorial Director
City Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
Associate Editor
*Woi hen's Editor
Sports Editor
. Paul R. Park
Ganson P. Taggart
Zenovia Skoratko
. Jane Mowers
Harriet S. Levy

Ostrich-Like 'Liberals'
To the Editor:
I, just as many others, am tired of the spec-
tacle of our so-called liberals' avoidance of the
issues broached by such men as Professor Jobin
and Professor Slosson. In The Daily of May
2nd, Professor Jobin makes the specific charge
that "a monstrous and hideous force is running
amuck, a threat to liberty and humian dignity
throughout the world, and young Americans
do not care." Of course, this threat is Nazism.
Mr. Petersen's reply to this argument is the
claim that he does care, deeply. It is of interest
to investigate.what channels this "care" takes,
which is not too clear. From his letter, there
are two possible courses. Mr. Petersen writes
that his care is greater for the United States
than for Europe. However I do not think that
this is his central idea since it infers a strict
isolationist policy, which policy he condemns in
England and France. Those conscienceless Eng-
lishmen and Frenchmen stood idly by while
Germany desecrated Spain, Czechoslovakia and
I do think that the central idea is that the
United States can do more ultimate good by
remaining free of the conflict so that at the
end we may exert our "tremendous influence"
for the rehabilitation of Europe on the "foun-
dation of a just and equitable peace." It seems
incredible that Mr. Petersen should expect us
to have any appreciable influence on the final
peace. Has our opinion to date had any effect
on Nazi policies? Haven't our innocuous con-
demnations been scoffed at as meddling?
Therefore, I don't believe that Mr. Petersen
has answered Professor Jobin. To the contrary,
it seems that he has rather confirmed the
It seems to be essential that we realize our
stake in the European conflict. It is an ostrich-
like attitude to claim that Germany will not
use her gain of power for further conquest. If
Europe is hers, why shouldn't she concentrate
on the next victim, conceivably the U.S.? Cer-
tainly, all precedent points to her continued lust
for power, for the continuance of the dynamic
application of the "Deutschland uber alles"
As a further point, the word "rehabilitation"
offers an excellent refuge. Precisely what does
the rehabilitation of Europe infer? That we
help "stricken" Germany after her victory?
Will they need our money and arms? Will they
need our sympathetic help in reconstructing
their economy? Should we, as Mr. Petersen
suggests, rehabilitate the conquerors for more
extensive conquests?
--Leonard D. Kurtz


To the Editor:
Friday noon I investigated to see how many
had signed the ASU roll call for peace. Two
desk attendants estimated the number to be
about 1,000.-A rather low percentage for a
campus of more than 11,000.
It is queer how many refusec ro sign just
because they saw that said roll call was spon-
sored by the ASU. Or is it? I talked to at
least twenty persons who did not sign. They
said in effect the same thing.
"Of course, I want to stay out of war, but I
won't sign anything THAT organization sup-
So there results a ludicrous situation in which
those persons who claim they want to keep us
out of war (i.e. the ASU'ers) are, by their ac-
tions, hurting the case of those who are non-
ASU and who really want to do something to
keep us out of war.
The first reaction that ASU'ers will have to
those who refused to sign will probably be,
"What a bunch of narrow minded 'stoops '
What does it matter if they don't agree with
everything we do? They can at least support
those things 'they do agree to." The fallacy
with this reasoning is that people just aren't
built that way. When most of us find that the
majority of an organization fails 'to condemn
Russia as an aggressor in the recent Finnish
campaign we shy away from that organization.
I assume that the ASU would like the support
of the campus. They will nevei get it if they
continue as they have in the past.
The ASU will never get my support so long
as they fail to realize that there are other sides
to questions besides the ones they discuss. They
will never get my support so long as they con-,
tinue to propagandize their members instead
of educating them. They will never get my
support so long as they consider that only by
solidarity of thinking can we get anywhere.
Never, never will they get it so long as those
who direct the policies stubbornly insist that
all you have to do is scrap the present economic
system, exercise a little control to keep fascism
out, and we will have Utopia.
---Julian G. Griggs

ASU Roll Call

Business Manager .
Asst. Business Mgr., Credit Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
Publications Manager .

The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
FHA Comes Up
for Renewal .. .
CONTINUANCE of the increasing ac-
tivities of the Federal Housing Ad-
ministration program which were recently
enumerated by Administrator Stewart McDon-
ald in his report of activities for 1939 will be
determined early this summer. After six years
of activity centered around the mortgaging of
construction and remodeling of new homes the
fate of the administration is at stake for the
third time in its history as the 1941 termination
date approaches.
Accomplishments of the program have been
many. In 1939 alone more than 3,000,000 peo-
ple were enabled to improve their living con-
ditions through the FHA, an increase of 30 per
cent over the number aided in 1938, and 95
per cent of these improvemests were for small
single-family properties with an average FHA
valuation of $5,000 or less.
The Federal Housing Administration program
was set up in 1934 to induce private capital
to return to the mortgage field, particularly
with respect to new homes, to develop a sounder,
more stable mortgage system, and to aid the
unemployment in the building trades. The plan
during 'its existence has operated to reduce the
interest rate on home mortgages, increased the
length of mortgages, therefore making costly
second mortgages unnecessary, and placed
mortgages on a marketable basis through the
influence of the Federal National Mortgage
Association which operates through the Recon-
struction Finance Corporation to purchase un-
completed mortgages.
operates in practice, let's see what Mr.
Jones, who was one of the 3,000,000 who received
Insurance on his mortgage by the FHA last
year, had to do and what he received from the
FHA. He first decides he would like to build
a $4,000 home and selects a nice wooded lot
on the outskirts of the city. As he does not
have money to finance the construction, he then
applies to a local bank or loan association for
a loan on a mortgage. The bank agrees to the
loan and inasmuch as the loan is not above
$16,000, the application is forwarded to one
of the 68 Federal Housing Administration of-
fices in the country.
Here five underwriters rate each application
that is brought in. First an examiner sifts out
the. obvious ineligibles, then an architect studies
the costs and plans of the house to see that it
is not too expensive nor too cheap for its en-
vironment, and to specify the best types of
materials to obtain for the construction. A
valuator then examines the rental value, loca-
tion, and marketability of the property under
consideration and makes recommendations con-
cerning planning and zoning of the district in
which the loan is contemplated so as to insure
the lowest -possible expense for construction of
mains and streets in the area. Then a mort-
gage-risk examiner investigates Mr. Jones'
character and the relationship between his in-
come and the contemplated debt, and finally a
chief underwriter examines the reports of the



' 1
WATER COLORS, drawings by John Carroll
of Detroit, and original Walt Disney draw-
ings feature a triple art exhibition which opens
today in Alumni Memorial Hall.
For some years the Cleveland water colorists
have been sending out an exhibition which has
attracted wide attention. The forty pictures
in the collection are painted in such a wide
variety of treatment and technique that every-
one will find it interesting and stimulating. It
gives an effective cross section ofrthe yearly
efforts of a well known group of artists.
John Carroll is a prominent artist of Detroit,
where his own pictures as well as those of his
pupils have been shown for a number of years.
These drawings represent his latest work and
this is the first showing for most of them.
The exhibition is held under the auspices of
the University Institute of Fine Arts and the
Ann Arbor Art Association and will be open
until May 22. The hours are from 2-5 every
afternoon including Sundays. Students will be
admitted free.
ber of foreclosures under the plan down to less
than one per cent.
If Mr. Jones is one of these few who fails
to meet his payments, the bank has the right
to foreclose and then either sells the property
or turns it over to the FHA for debentures which
bear 2.75 per cent interest. When the FHA sells
the property, proceeds of the sale then retire
the debentures.
THE BORROWER in this case does not re-
receive all the benefits. The lender no longer
has to hold property after foreclosure, he has the
use of expert appraisals which are connected
with the lending activities, the lending institu-
tion receives a higher yield on these mortgages,
and through the amortization clause, mortgages
are made liquid and thus the principle is safer.
Moreover, the FHA neither takes in nor spends
a cent of the taypayers' money. It is entirely a
system for insuring mortgages on home loans
and gains money for maintenance of its staff
through a charge of one-fourth of one per cent
on the face value of the mortgage. Through its
practice of issuing statistics on land and build-
ing values throughout the country, its possi-
bilities of checking a building boom through
careful issuance of mortgage insurance, its work
in city planning, and its stimulus for providing
work in the building and allied trades, the
program provides advantages for everyone in
the country,
Though all these points mark the program
as outstanding in a long series of alphabetical
agncies, there still remains one consideration

(Program Notes on Saturday Afternoon Concert)
Eduard Hanslick, perhaps the greatest of the
critics of the last century, gave it as his con-
sidered opinion that music is essentially a dec-
orative pattern appealing to the intellect and
that any and all attempts to make it the vehicle
of the emotions is a mistaken and unhappy at-
tempt. Hugo Wolf, almost as eminent a critic
and a far better musician, held that an effort to
exclude emotion from music was to attempt
emasculation of the art. Others have held views
lying between these two extremes. The inter-
esting thing to us today about these theorij,
is that not Hanslick but Wolf criticised Brahms
for his lacks, Wolf being most severe. Even
now many critics are prone to regard Brahms
as the "stern Cato of the arts" rather than as
an agreeable Low German advocate of intel-
lectuality always modified by sensuality and
humour. That the man is also one of the great
structural geniuses of music, that his architec-
tural concepts are amazing and that his grasp
of his material is on of the miracles of the
history of music is all a corollary to this most
important of facts.
Brahms is, in short, the most successful pourer
of new wine into old bottles who ever' lived.
Nor is this statement at all derogatory, Into
the old and never excelled bottles of classical
form he poured the heady wine of romanticism
in a way as inimitable as it is successful. For
while form and structure are concrete and lend
themselves to the varying analyses of good and
bad harmony teachers, romanticism is a spirit
and defies this pat cataloging. From generally
traditional harmonies, rhythms and forms
Brahms was able to achieve a musical expres-
sion that is as undubitably human, warm, genial,
gay or melancholy, thoughtful or humorous as
his artistic intentions demanded.
The program Saturday afternoon presents
first the Variations on a Theme by Haydn, Opus
56, written in 1873. This-has been called Brahms
preparation for the writing of a symphony, and
the culmination of the variation form. Into
the old mould Brahms demonstrated his ability
to insert new and widely differing treatments
of a musical idea without obscuring the com-
poser's original conception. That this music
is also deeply moving and at times profound
as well is but another way of paying tribute
to an original sort of musical thought.
The Double Concerto for Violin and Violon-
cello, Opus 102, composed in about 1887 is inter-
esting for a number of reasons. In the first
place the work is seldom performed because of
the difficulties in getting a first class violinist
and 'cellist together at one time. The Festival
management is to be congratulated for securing
the services of Emmanuel Feuermann, one of
the great 'cellists of any age, as well as those of
Mr. Szigetti. on whose merits we commented
earlier. The composition pits the soloists against
the orchestra in the manner of the earlier,
Grand Concerto form. and by, means of double
stopping often achieves a string quartet effect.

Drew Pedso@
WASHINGTON - The President
ran into an unexpected hornets' nest
when he broke the news privately to
Representative Vinson and Senator
Walsh, chairmen of the House and
Senate Naval Committees, that he in-
tended to veto the Navy personnel
This bill was designed to rid the
higher ranks of deadwood and also
to retain in the service eight of the
Navy's ablest flyers, slated for re-
tirement largely because they are not
Annapolis graduates.uThe bill en-
countered tremendous opposition
from the brass hats, who when de-
feated in Congress, turned to the
White House-with better luck.
Apparently figuring he had a sell-
ing job to do, Roosevelt summoned
Vinson and Walsh and told them he
was going to ax the bill.
Walsh promptly protested, quietly
told the President he was making a
mistake. Roosevelt expected this,
since the Massachusetts Senator is
no friend of the brass hats, does his
own thinking on naval matters. The
big surprise came from Vinson.
The Georgia Congressman is gen-
erally considered a close ally of the
Navy high command, but this time
he hit the ceiling. "You can't do
that, Mr. President," he exclaimed.
"That isn't right."
The President tried to soothe him
by arguing that everything proposed
in the bill would be done anyway.
Ten, and possibly eleven, admirals
will be retired and the eight crack
pilots would be retained on active
"Don't get excited, Carl," pacified
the President, "everything will be all
right without this bill."
Congress Vs. Navy
"But the question isn't whether you
will do these things without this bill,
Mr. President," shot back Vinson.
"The question goes much deeper than
that. It is whether Congress or the
brass hats shall do the legislating for
the Navy. It has always been my
understanding that it was Congress,
elected by the people, which had this
power. But apparently I was wrong
and it's the brass hats who decide
Navy policies."
Controlling his temper, though
clearly irked by this blast, Roosevelt
protested that he was not trying to
flout the will of Congress. He in-
sisted that there was a "better way"
to handle the matters covered by the
"I disagree with you," retorted
Vinson. "It was the judgment of
Congress that these things should be
done, and if they are right, then
what's wrong with legislating on
them? Furthermore, I would point
out to you that we spent almost two
years getting this vital bill through
Congress. Now all our time and
efforts are wasted simply because you
choose to be guided by the admirals
instead of by Congress."
After this fusillade the President
madeestill another attempt to soothe
Vinson, but thedGeorgian rose and
started for the door with this part-
ing shot: "I still expect you to
stand by us, Mr. President. Don't
let us down. We're your real
Note: One of the admirals slated
by Roosevelt for retirement is Rear
Admiral Joseph Taussig, whose "war
with Japan is inevitable" statement

was officially repudiated.
Norwegian Nazis
Not much of it got beyondthe cen-
sors, but confidential reports to U.S.
officials showed that there was al-
most as much Norwegian resentment
against the Allies as against the Ger-
This was because of the skilful Nazi
propaganda. Norway was deluged
with pamphlets and dinned with radio
broadcasts to the effect that the Bri-
tish had been just about to invade
Norway. In other words, the Nazis,
had come merely to head off the Bri-
tish. .
This effect on Norwegian opinion
was one of the chief reasons for the
full dress press conference in Berlin
at which Foreign Minister Ribben-
trop issued a White Paper alleging
that the British had everything
cooked up to plunge into Norway.
Unquestionably, the Norwegians be-
lieved this to a considerable extent,
since many of their upper crust are
perhaps the most entertaining.,
Its gentle candour and fluency of
expression are probably the most
complete exposition of Brahms life1
as opposed to his musical intellect.
Structurally the work is masterly,
of course, the novel styles and devel-
opment of the "consanguine themes"
being especially notable as are thec
variety of cross-rhythms and thet
beguiling nature of thematic, key1
and rhythmic changes. There can

(Continued from Page 2)
specialization is Geography. The
title of his thesis is "Distribution of
Population in the Middle Piscataquis
Valley, Maine."
Professor S. D. Dodge, as chairman
of the committee, will conduct the
examination. By direction of the
Executive Board, the chairman has
the privilege of inviting members of
the faculty and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examina-
tion and to grant permission to others
who might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Doctoral Examination of Barbara
Jean Sherburne will be held at 3:00
p.m. Thursday, May 9, in the West
Council Room, Rackham Building.
Miss Sherburne's department of
Specialization is Psychology. The
title of her thesis is "Qualitative Dif-
ferences in the Solution of a Problem
Involving Reasoning."
Dr. N. R. F. Maier, as chairman of
the committee, will conduct the ex-
amination. By direction of the Ex-
ecutive Board, the chairman has the
privilege of inviting members of the
faculty and advanced doctoral can-
didates to attend the examination
and to grant permission to others
who might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Doctoral Examination of Shao Wei
Li will be held at 3:00 p.m., Thurs-
day, May 9, in 406 West Engineer-
ing Bldg. Mr. Li's department of
specialization is Engineering Mech-
anics. The title of his thesis is "End-
Relations for Plane and Three-Di-
mensional Pipe Lines by Theory of
Limit Design."
Professor J. A. Van den Broek, as
chairman of the committee, will con-
duct the examination. By direction
of the Executive Board, the chairman
has the privilege of inviting members
of the faculty and advanced doctor-
al candidates to attend the examina-
tin and to grant permission to others
who might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Doctoral Examination of William
Scott Struve will be held at 2:00 p.m.,
Thursday, May 9, in 309 Chemistry
Bldg. Mr. Struve's depaitment of
specailization isrChemistry.tThe title
of his thesis is "The Synthesis of De-
rivatives of Chrysene."
Dr. W. E. Bachmann, as chairman
of the committee, will conduct the
examination. By direction of the
Executive Board, the chairman has
the privilege of inviting members of
the faculty and advanced doctoral''
candidates to attend the examination
and to grant permission to others who
might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
May Festival: The Schedule of
May Festival concerts is as follows:
Wednesday, May 8, 8:30 p.m.-: Al-
exander Kipnis, Bass; The Philadel-
phia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy,
Thursday, May 9, 8:30 p.m.: Doro-
thy Maynor and Rosa Tentoni, sopra-
nos; Robert Weede, Baritone; Rich-
ard Hale, Narrator; The Philadel-
phia Orchestra; The University
Choral Union; Eugene Ormandy and
Thor Johnson, Conductors,
Friday, May 10, 2:30 p.m.: Artur
Schnabel, Pianist; The Philadelphia
Orchestra; The Young People's Chor-
us; Harl McDonald; Juva Higbee and
Eugene Ormandy, Conductor.
Friday, May 10, 8:30 p.m.: Lily
Pons, Soprano; Joseph Szigeti, Violin-
ist; The Philadelphia Orchestra; Eu-
gene Ormandy, Conductor,
Saturday, May 11, 2:30 p.m.: Joseph
Szigeti, Violinist; Emanuel Feuer-
mann, Violoncellist; The Philadel-
phia Orchestra; Eugene Ormandy,
Saturday, May 11, 8:30 p.m.: "Sam-
son and Delilah" by Saint-Saens

Enid Szantho, Contralto; Giovanni
Martinelli, Tenor; Robert Weede,
Baritone; Norman Cordon, Bass;
The Philadelphia Orchestra; The Uni-
versity Choral Union; Thor Johnson,
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Photographs of recent'
architectural work in Florida in the
modern manner, by Architects Igor
B. Polevitzky and T. Trip Russell.
Ground floor corridor cases. Open
daily 9 to 5, through May 22, except
Sunday. The public is invited.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Drawings of candidates
in the recent competition for the
George G. Booth Travelling Fellow-
ship in Architecture. Third floor ex-
hibition room. Open daily 9 to 5
except Sunday, through May 18. The
public is invited.
An exhibition of the 11. A. Elsberg
collection of coptic and islamic tex-
tiles of the University of Michigan.
Rackham Building, May 7 to May 18.
2-5 daily.

colors by Cleveland artists, drawings
by the Detroit artist. John Carroll,
and original Walt Disney drawings
from "Snow White," "Pinocchio," and
other films. Second floor, Alumni
Memorial Hall, May 8 through May
22. 2-5 every day, Sundays included.
Students admitted free.
University Lecture: Professor E.
Artin of the University of Indiana
will give lectures on Wednesday and
Thursday, May 8 and 9, at 4:15 p.m.,
in Room 3011 A.H., on the subject,
"The Fundamental Theorem of Ga-
lois Theory."
University Lecture: Harry Elmer
Barnes, Ph.D., Lecturer, New School
in Social Research, will lecture on
"The Present World Crisis" under the
auspices of the Division of the Social
Sciences at 4:15 p.m. on Thursday,
May 16, in the Rackham Amphithe-
atre. The public is cordially invited.


Junior and Senior Medical Stu-
dents: Dr. M. M. Smith-Petersen will
give the annual Nu Sigma Nu lec-
ture Friday, May 10, at 1:30 p.m., in
the Hospital Amphitheatre. His sub-
ject will be "Arthroplasties of the
Hip." All Junior and Senior classes
will be dismissed in order that the
students may attend this lecture.
Today's Events
Seminar in Physical Chemistry will
meet in Room 122 Chemistry Building
at 4:15 p.m. today. Mr. W. H. Sulli-
van will speak on "Preparation and
Properties of Super-pure Metals."
Chemical and Metallurgical Engin-
eering Seminar today at 4:00 p.in. in
room 3201 East Engr. Bldg. Mr. D.
E. Holcomb will speak on "Calcula-
tion of Natural Gasoline Adsorbers
and Stablizers."
Theta Sigma Phi meeting today' at
4 o'clock in the News Room.
American Student Union will meet
today at 4:00 p.m. in the Michigan
Union. Mr. Herman Long will talk
on "The Race Issue in the South as
the Negro Sees It." The public is in-
Student Senate meeting tonight at
7:30 in the Union. The student body
is cordially invited.
Crop and Saddle Club will meet at
5:00 p.m. today at Barbour Gymna-
sium for drill practe,,j',A supper.
Every member should be present un-
less excused by the president.
La Sociedad Hispanica will meet
tonight at 7:30 in theLeague. Elec-
tion of officers and program. All
members are urged to be present.
Mimes meeting tonight at 7:30 in
the Union. Nomination for officers
will be in order.
American Country Dancing: Class
will meet with Mr. Lovett at the Wo-
men's Athletic Building tonight at
7:30. Please be prompt.
After this week, the class will meet
on Tuesday evenings for the remain-
der of the course.
The College Republicans of Ameri-
ca will hold an organizational meet-
ing in the Michigan Union tonight at
7:30. All students interested in the
activities of the Republican Party
are cordially invited.
Archery Club meeting on range to-
day at 4:30 p.m.
Tennis Club will meet at the Wo-
men's Athletic Buildingtoday at 4:00
p.m., if the weather permits. All
women students interested are wel-
come. Come dressed to play.
The Wednesday afternoon program
of recorded music will not be given
today at the Rackhanm Men's Lounge.
Next program will be presented on
May 15.
The class in Jewish History will
meet at the Hillel Foundation tonight
at 7:30 p.m.
Coming Events
The Observatory Journal Club will
meet at 4:15 p.m. Thursday, May 9,
in the Observatory lecture room, Dr.
W. Carl Rufus will speak on "The
Foo-chow Astronomical Chart." Tea
at 4:00.
A.S.C.E. meeting on Thursday eve-
ning at 7:30 in the Union. Professor
Housel will show movies on tunnel
construction, and related problems.
An announcement will be made con-
cerning the Spring Inspection Trip.

Flying Club Meeting on Thursday,
May 9, at 8 p.m. in the Union. Mrs.
H. B. Britton, well-known woman
pilot, will speak on "Instrument Fly-
ing." All C.A.A. students are invited
to attend. Details of the National

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