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April 16, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-04-16

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VOL. L. No. 138

Z-323

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY,.APRIL 16, 1940

.. !

Dean Yoakum
Announces 91,
Scholarships,
Other Awards
Two Ann Arbor Students
Get $1,000 Scholarships;
BrookingsPicks Three
16 From Colleges
In State Selected
Awarding of 91 scholarships and
fellowships to graduate students in
the s University and other United
States universities and colleges for
1940-41 was announced here yester-
day by Dr. Clarence S. Yoakum, dean
of the graduate school.
Pre-doctoral scholarships, awards
which carry a stipend of $1,000, were
awarded to 10 University graduate
students, two of them from Ann
Arbor. These scholarships were
awarded to Leonard J. Savage, math-
ematics, and 4dolf V. Voight, chem-
istry, both of nn Arbor; and Henry
N. Bershas, romance languages, De-
troit; , Arthur W. Burks, Mt. Morris,
philosphy; William I. Cargo, Glad-
stone, political science; William J.
Darby, Little Rock, Ark., biological
chemistry; Frank G. Ryder, Hopkirs
Minn., German; William T. Scott,
Milford, Conn., physics; Chad Walsh,
Marion, Va., English; and Max A.
Woodbury, Salt Lake City, mathe-
matics.
Three University students, W.
Lawrence Hebbard, economics, Wil-
bur . Pierpont, business adminis-
tration, and Bennet M. Rich, polit-
ical science, were selected to receive
Michigan - Brookings Institution
scholarships which will permit the
winners to study in Washington un-
der the auspices of the Brookings
Institution. The scholarships are fi-
nanced jointly by the University and
the Institution.
University fellowships, carrying
stipends of vArious amounts up to
$750, were awarded to:
Uie Brontebrenner, - -education,
Paul B. Cares, history; Barbara C.
Clarke, English; Frederick B. Clif-
ford, Latin; Harlan W. Coller, phy-
sics;, Harold S. Courant, German;
William M. Cruickshank, education;
Ronald Freedman, sociology; Her-
bert R. J. Grosch, astronomy; Mar-
garet C. Honour, English; Alfred
Hower, romance languages; Arthur
T. Jacobs, economics; Samuel Kap-
lan, mathematics; Samuel Kush-
ner, chemistry; James M. Lafferty,
(Continued on Page 2)
Unversity Men
Receive Awards
For , Research
Topography, Hydrogen
Molecules To Be Topics
Of Further Investigation
Two- University scientists have
been named among 73 artists and re-
search workers who this year re-
ceived fellowships from, the Guggen-
heim Memorial Foundation.
Cited by the Foundation are Prof.
Raymond L. Wilder of the mathe-
matics department for researches in
the field of topography and Prof.

David Dennison of the physics de-
partment for theoretical work on the
structure of molecules.
Investigations into the field of
topography, with special emphasis
on the theory of locally connected
spaces , and generalized manifolds,
will be continued by Professor Wilder
during the coming year.
Named colloquium lecturer for 1942
by the American Mathematical Soci-
ety, Professor Wilder will devote his
time to preparing a series of four
lectures to be given next summer
on topological researches.
Now on the West Coast, working at;
the University of California and the.
California Institute of Technology,
Professor Dennison plans to continue'
his investigations into the theory of
molecular structures until the ter-
mination of his leave of absence in
June.
Dr. Delgado To Lecture
On Geography Of Brazil

Story Of Treachery Which Doomed
Norway Revealed For First Time
The Daily last night secured permission of the Chicago Daily News to reprint the following copyrighted dispatch
by Leland Stowe, who regards it as the most significant h e has written in his long career as a foreign observer. It
is the first uneensored story of the German invasion of Norway.
By LELAND STOWE

STOCKHOLM, April 15.-For the
first time the story behind Germany's
paralyzing 12-hour conquest of Nor-
way on April 9 can be told. Between
midnight and noon on that bewilder-
ing day, Norway's capital, all her
principal seaports and her most stra-
tegic coastal defenses fell into Ger-
man hands like an overripe plum.
Norwegian people were stunned as
the Belgian people must have been
stunned 4n 1914 and most of them
still have not the slightest concep-
tion of how this incomprehensible
tragedy could have happened.
I spent these hours in Oslo, to-
gether with the only other Ameri-
can newspaper men who were on
the spot-Warren Irvin, of the Na-
tional Broadcasting Co., and Edmund
Stevens, of the Christian Science
Monitor-and we ourselves could
scarcely believe the evidence of our
own- eyes.
Remained In Oslo Four Days
But I had to remain in Oslo
through four days of German occu-
pation to learn how this miracle of
lightning naval and military occu-
pation was made possible. Then I
could scarcely believe my ears. After
that, with the last train connections
to Sweden severed, Irvin and myself
decided to try somehow to get across
the border. It was the only possible
way to give a detailed account of
the most astonishing thing that has
happened since the second world
war began..
Norway's capital and great sea-
ports were not captured by armed
force. They were seized with unpar-
alleled speed by means of a gigantic
conspiracy which undoubtedly must
rank among the most audacious,
most perfectly oiled political plots
of the last century.
By bribery and extraordinary in-
filtration on the part of Nazi civilian
and defense officials, the German
dictatorship built a Trojan horse in-
side of Norway., Then, when the hour
struck, the German plotters spiked
the guns of most of the Norwegian
navy and reduced its formidable fort-
resses to impotence.
Key Men Controlled
Absolute control of a handful of
key men in administrative positions
and the navy was necessary to turn
the trick and everything had been
faultlessly prepared. The conspir-
acy was about 90 per cent according
to schedule. Only in two or three
places was it marred by unexpected
hitches, but Norway's sea gates were
already wide open.
For the success of the German
plan, the capture of three key cities
was essential. These were Oslo, Ber-
gen and Narvik. It is known that Nar-
vik was betrayed to the Germans by
its commanding officer. How Ber-
gen's harbor defenses were taken
remains a mystery, as far as I can
learn. But most important of all
to the Nazi plot was the immediate
domination of Oslo Fjord, with its

mighty fortresses, and the forcing
of its virtually impregnable narrows
at Drobak, together with the seizure
of the great Norwegian naval base
at Horten.
Only in this manner could the Ger-
mans penetrate to Oslo and deliver
an almost irreparable blow to Nor-
way's parliamentary government. To
seize all of Oslo Fjord and force its
narrows would have appeared im-
possible to any foreign government
except the Nazi dictatorship. But,
by methods even more astonishing-
ly efficient than those which it used
against Austria and Czecho-Slovak-
ia, the inconceivable was accomplish-
ed. Until now, I believe, the out-
side world has had to guess how it
was done.
To understand the conspiracy's
scope, one must go back somewhere
near the climax of the plot. In Oslo
I learned, on the most reliable auth-
ority, that Germany's sea forces and
troop ships had sailed from German
ports for their Norwegian adventure
during the night of April 4--three
full days before the British mined
the upper Norwegian coast between
Bergen and Narvik. I also was in-
formed with impressive assurance,
that the German army chiefs had
strongly opposed Fuehrer Adolf Hit-
ler on the plan to invade Norway
because they insisted that communi-
cation lines for an army of occupa-
tion in Norway would be most dan-,
gerously limited and exposed. Nazi
radical leaders supported Der Fueh-
rer and the decision was taken
against the regular army chiefs'
counsels.
The Night Of April 5
On the night of April 5, while the
German fleet and transports al-
ready were steaming toward Norway,
an event of enormous historical im-
portance occurred in Oslo and, until
now, probably never has been report-
ed. The German legation held a
soiree to which it invited 200 persons
representing Norway's most influen-
tial personalities. All the members
of the government were invited, as
well as many officers of the defense
forces, leading bankers, shipping ex-
ecutives, 'and industrialists. The in-
vitation emphasized the importance
of the soiree by reading, "White ties,
uniforms and decorations."
Despite the great formality im-
posed, it was no official dinner. Nor-
way's elite had been invited to see
an "unusually interesting film." It
proved to be the motion picture
"Baptism of Fire," depicting in the
most graphic details Germany's aerial
destruction in Poland. For more
than an hour the distinguished Nor-
wegian taudience sat in icy silence,
gripped by the horror of many of
the scenes. Afterward, the German
minister explained that the film was
not a war but a peace film, since it
showed what nations which elected
peace would save their people from
suffering. The Norwegians left the

German legation that night filled
with gloomy, ominous thoughts.
In Oslo, I learned that Maj. Vid-
kun Quisling, leader of the pro-Nazi
Norwegian party called the Camling,
and now premier of the so-called na-
tional government set up after the
German occupation, was in Berlin at
the time the film was shown in Oslo,
and while the expedition was being
organized. He returned to Oslo on
April 6. The next night the British
sowed mine fields below Narvik and
on April 8 Berlin's press flamed
against this provocation. In th first
hours of April 9, Norway's naval de-
fenses were bertayed to the German
fleet and the first German troops
landed at Forenbo, Oslo's airport,
a few hours after daybreak.
Capture Of Oslo Fjord
This brings us to the methods by
which Oslo Fjord and Oslo itself
were captured from the sea early in
the morning hours of April 9. The
Germans could not enter without
controlling the vital Norse naval base
at Horten. At 1:30 o'clock that
morning-3%y/z hours before Berlin's
ultimatum was handed to the foreign
minister, Dr. Halvdan Koht-the
commander of three Norwegian war-
ships at Horten received an urgent
message. It supposedly was signed
by Dr. Koht himself and accepted as
coming direct from the government
via the ministry of foreign affairs.
It ordered Norwegian ships not to;
fight against the German warships
which were about to come up the
fjord and to put all their men ashore
immediately-without their -arms.
Without questioning the origin
of the order, the commander ordered
all his men ashore except stokers
and messmen.
From here on a slight hitch which
was costly for the Germans occurred.
The Norse minelayer Olaf Trygva-
son unexpectedly had put in for re-
pairs the previous evening. Its pres-
ence apparently was unknown to the
leaders of the conspiracy in Oslo.
This was the only Norwegian war
vessel which did not receive the or-
der and so remained in condition to
fight. Afterward the Norwegian
sailor who verified these develop-
ments declared, "It was only through
treason that the Germans got in."
Oslo Orders Mobilization
Before the Germans' capture of
Horten, the Oslo government had
ordered mobilization as a precaution.
Accordingly, before daybreak on April
9, scores of young Norwegians re-
portedI at the Horten railroad sta-
tion. They immediately were sur-
rounded by the German marines'
landing party and placed aboard oth-
er German ships which came up.
When the German warships ap-
proached the formidable Oskarborg
fortress at the narrows above Horten,
so it was stated there afterward,
they radioed the fort's commander'
not to, shoot. According to report,
(Continued on Page 4)

Daily Given
Pacemaker,
Award Again
All - American Collegiate
Press Honors Presented
To DailyFor Fifth Time
Five Other Papers
Get Highest Rating
Again receiving All-American hon-
ors, The Michigan Daily was desig-
nated yesterday as one of six col-
lege newspapers throughout the
country to receive the coveted Pace-
maker ratings, made each year by
the Associated Collegiate Press, na-'
tionwide college publications organ-
ization.
The Pacemaker designation, now
won by The Daily for the fifth time,
is given each year by the Press'
Al-American Critical Service to
those newspapers which are consid-
ered the outstanding collegiate pub-
lications in the> country regardless
of size of school, time or method of
publication. Four dailies and two
weeklies received the ,high rating.
Other Papers Honored
Beside The Daily, Pacemaker
awards went to:
The Cauldron, Fenn College,
Cleveland, .; The Daily Cardinal,
University of Wisconsin; The Daily
Texan, University of Texas; The
Echo Weekly, Milwaukee State
Teachers College, Milwaukee, Wis.;
and The Minnesota Daily, University
of Minnesota.
Seventy-six college newspapers re-
ceived regular honor ratings for out-
standing work in various divisions
of the critical service. The Pace-
makers were selected from this
group. Selections were made by the
judges from more than 400 news-
papers.
Basis Of Judgments
All the papers submitted were
classed by the judges on the bases
of news- value -and sources, typogra-
6hy, news writing aid editing. head-
lines and makeup, department pages
and special features.
The Pacemaker award, known in
newspaper circles as "summa cum
laude" rating, is given by the Asso-
ciated Collegiate Preses to those col-
lege .ournals which are adjudged
best of all college papers submitted
in the 1940 contest. The Daily last
year was one of only four papers to
win the ratings.
Spring Parley
To Be Attended
By Ex-Leaders
Prof. Paul Henle To Open
First Session Here Friday
With Keynote Address
Spring Parley plans are rapidly
taking shape with only four days
before the opening session, Daniel
Huyett, '42, general chairman, indi-
cated yesterday, with the announce-
ment that several former Parley
leaders who have achieved varying
degrees of fame since leaving the
University will be present for the
discussions and panels.
The Parley itself, titled "Democ-
racy Through the Students' 'Ayes,' "

-will formally get under way with an
opening session at 3:30 p.m. Friday,
to be keynoted by Prof. Paul Henle
of the philosophy department. But
before the program really begins,
there will be several luncheons and
meetings of both faculty and student
members of the Parley committees.
Dr. Edward W. Blakeman, counsellor
in religious education, and associa-
ted with the Parley since its incep-
tion ten years ago, has made a
definite attempt to bring back many
former members to this Parley as
part of a planned tenth anniversary
celebration.
Faculty committeemen and Dr.
Blakeman will meet at a luncheon
at noon Friday and Martin Wagner,
'34, former Parleyman, a Rhodes
scholar and a teaching fellow here,
now with the National Labor Rela-
tions Board regional office at Char-
leston, W. Va., will give a short talk.
Two luncheons have been arrang-
ed for Wednesday; one for the four
panel chairmen, and one for the stu-
dent' members of the nanel at the

n n r. nuii i i i i

5

Student Senatet
Positions Open,
For Petitionng
Newly-Reorganized Senate
Will Fill Sixteen Posts
In ElectionsApril 26
Aspirants to the newly-reorganized
Student Senate were urged yesterday
to register petitions for candidacy in
the cqming elections Friday, April
26, between 4 and 6 p.m. today
through Friday at Room 302 Union,
Stuart Knox, '40, and Norman Schorr,
'40, directors of elections said yester-
day.
Eligibilty cards and a 50 cent fee
must accompany the petitions which
must bear the names of no less than
six students, the directors pointed
out.
Under a new set of by-laws adopted
by the Senate several weeks ago,
the membership is to be 30 instead of
32 as formerly. It is hoped, the
directors said, to make the Senate a
more continuous body under the new
system for members will serve for
three semesters rather than two and

She Who Hated Men
Bows To Matrimony
The co-ed who once said she hated
men in 83 different ways has found
enough redeeming features to marry
one of them, the campus learned
yesterday.
Announcement of the marriage of
Marian E. Phillips, '42, the girl who
hated men, to Einar A. Almdale,
'40E, president of Phi Sigma Kappa
Fraternity, was made in Ann Arbor
during spring vacation. The mar-
riage, which was announced by Miss
Phillips' mother, was performed in
Toledo, March 21.
Dohfan Deming
Funeralls Today
Detroit Freshman Student
Killed In Auto Accident
Services will be held at 11 a.m.
today in Arborcrest Cemetery for
Dohfan Jane Deming, '43, who died
Sunday, April 7, in Grace Hospital,
Detroit, of a fractured skull received
in an automobile accident the pre-
vious day.
Miss Deming, who lived at 10303
Beaconsfield Rd., Detroit, was the
only child of Dr. Harte E Deming,

Chinese Relief
Drive Planned
Oriental Music To Feature
Program April 29-30
To secure money for medical re-
lief for China, a unique program of
oriental music and entertainment
will be held in Ann Arbor April 29
and o 30 under the sponsorship of
Chinese studentshon the University
campus.
The program, which will be held
in the Pettingill auditorium of Ann
Arbor High School, will feature Prof.
Wei-Chung-Loh, a famous Chinese
musician who plays 30 Oriental in-
struments and who recently received
acclaim in iNew York and other
American cities which he visited
during a tour.
Also on the relief program will be
numbers by local Chinese students,
including a scene from the Chinese
drama "Lady Precious Stream."
There will be a fashion parade of
genuine Cathay fineries, musical'
offerings, and curtain acts.
Tickets for the performance may
be obtained at the Union, League,
International Center, Ulrich's Book
Store, Wahr's Book Store, Follett's
Book Store, Liberty Cafe, and from
Chinese students.

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