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March 30, 1940 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-03-30

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The Editor Gets Told:

Professor Rowe Discusses Student
Theatrical Work At The University

-..x..9.iuii ,
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Mitchigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mal matter.
Subscriptions during regular school yeaz by carrier,
$4.00; loy mall, $4.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40

Editorial Staff

Carl Petersen
Elliott Maraniss
Stan M. Swinton
Morton L. Linder
Norman A. Schorr
Dennis Flanagan
John N. Canavan
Ann Vicary
Mel Flneberg

Managing Editor
Editorial Director
. . City Editor
. Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
*Associate Editor
. Women's Editor
. Sports Editor
Paul R. Park
Ganson P. Taggart
Zenovia Skoratko
Jane Mowers
* Harriet S. Levy

Business Staff
Business Manager .
Asst. Business Mgr., Credit Manager+
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
Publications Manager

To the Editor:
With Morty Q.'s column which was published
Thursday and Mr. Green and Young Gulliver con-
tinuing through the week, the literature of drama
is appearing in The Daily faster than I can keep
up with it. However, I should like to be permitted
to add a few words.
I was so impressed by the constructiveness
of Young Gulliver's column of Tuesday morning
on production of our student-written plays that
I am prompted to offer some elaborations on
the facts and point of view. Before proceeding
to that, however, I must take issue with Gulli-
ver's one point of what brings playwriting stu-
dents to Michigan. Twelve years ago the
administration of the University had the fore-
sight and imagination to introduce courses m
playwriting and since to maintain and foster
their development. Although the Harvard 47
Workshop and the Carolina Playmakers were
already well-known, the University of Michigan
was still a pioneer in the field of playwriting
for that time. There are now around 70 such
courses among 100 leading colleges and univer-
sities. The University of Michigan, in its a'ttrc.c-
tion to talented students, reaps the benefit of
accumulated accomplishment and prestige. The
students do not come here, as suggested by
Gulliver, to study under men, but come, expect-
ing to depend primarily upon their own aptitude
and interest, to work in the favorable situation
for study of playwriting and writing plays which
has been developed here.
I was most attracted by Young Gulliver's
emphasis, as it seemed to me, on the community
rather than the instructional point of view.
That laboratory production belongs to the teach-
ing of playwriting is obvious. As a matter of
fact, the English department for several years
has been staging under the sensitive and in-
formed direction of Dr. Frederick Crandall (re-
ferred to by Mr. Leavay in a letter published by
The Daily) with the cooperation of the speech
department and Play Production, three plays
a year for instructional purposes. These pro-
ductions are carried on in one of the Speech
Society rooms of Angell Hall for the students.
The plays are done without costume, make-up
or scenery, for most plays the best kind of pre-
liminary testing. One-act plays by students have,
also been done occasionally in Play Production's
laboratory work. These provisions are splendid
in kind but not yet adequate in quantity. How-
ever, although we still have a long way to go
toward meeting our needs for instructional pro-
duction, we have taken steps in the right direc-
But let us depart now from the utilitarian
function of production of student-written plays,
and consider again Gulliver's well-made point.
Drama is a social art which belongs to a com-
munity. We tend to forget sometimes that a
University is a community as well as an organ-
ization for instruction and research. In terms
of present facilities and production programs
it surprises me that this university community
does not demand to experience more of what
its members are thinking about in dramatic
form. (I believe that the five publicly produced

The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Untermeyers Lectures:
Real And Honest Force...
S OME liked him; some did not. Some
scoffed and called him a "chautau-
qua of art"; some admired him and were im-
pressed by him. But whatever the reaction, most
of the people who heard poet Louis Untermeyer
during his three-week lecture series here agreed
that he expounded a salutary doctrine for
American art.
Beneath the facade of wisecracks and clever
phrase that Mr. Untermeyer could not seem to
repress, there was evidenced in his six talks
a sincere belief that America has finally dis-
covered its nativity and is on the threshold of
artistic maturity.
It was not Mr. Untermeyer's discovery. He
did not claim it to be. His aim was not so much
to point out an easily discernible fact or to
pat pro-American artists on the back for the
work they have done, but to impress upon his
audience, upon young writers and seekerA
after-culture, that they remain American.
Mr. Untermeyer told lucidly and authorita-
tively of the contrast between the American
art of yesterday-the art of the imitative period
when native poetry was an Olympian product
and native music had its source in foreign con-
servatories-and the natural, home-to-America
art of today.
He won converts. There was no propagan-
dizing, no homiletics. When his statements
needed proof he brought in the syncopated,
dynamic rhythms of Vachel Lindsay's poems
or the America-mirroring rhapsodies of Gersh,
win, and the audience was won over willy-nilly.
His lectures were a real and honest force for
Americanism. They were the antithesis of the
brass-band chauvinism that is palmed off on
us by zealots of the Dies Committee ilk. They
expressed an Americanism which one could ai
plaud without wondering what might lie beneath
the red, white and blue frosting.
- Hervie Haufler
Appropriations Cts
Threaten Laws' Effect . .
4 I WO DAYS AGO the House of Rep-
resentatives cut the administration
of the National Labor Relations Board by more
than $300,000 and that of the Wage-Hour law
by more than $1,000,000.
Although quoting figures arouses little in-
terest, although the above statment may sound
prosaic, the truth clearly remains that these
appropriations slashes are equally as serious
and as emasculating as the proposed Smit'
For without enforcement these measures are
as effective and binding as the prohibition
amendment was in the "golden twenties." With-
our enforcement, laws requiring manufacturers
to bargain collectively and to pay a minimum
wage rate are today meaningless. Lacking gov-
ernment compunction, these laws-basic to the
position of American workers-are reduced to
the category of the oddities found in Amer-'
ican Magazine's "It's the Law" column.
The National Labor Relations Act recognizes
the principle of collective bargaining and makes
it mandatory for the employer to enter into
bargaining agreements with his employes. Un-
der the Wage-Hour act the minimum wage will
reach the sum of 40 cents an hour seven years
of -n -h ~aQ -o ~,of h ant n lt a movmil

original plays to which Gulliver referred were
all good box-office.)
This country is growing out of the post-pioneer
stage when culture was thought of as something
acquired, aid is realizing culture as a state of
being. A young composer and a young director
have each talked with me recently about the
rising movement for a true American culture
in music, music growing out of the community
and integrated with it. I have heard the same
for painting and sculpture. And likewise, I am
sure there is an American dramatic culture in
progress. Through requests to serve as judge
in contests, I read in a good average year around
twohundred plays written in other Michigan
communities. The average city the size of Ann
Arbor in Michigan sees public production of more
of its own plays than we do here.
I can think of no single institution more
integrating to cultural values in a community
than a fully creative theatre. When a play is
produced, it launches upon a community a com-
mon experience which at once unifies and
arouses discussion of ideas. But must all plays
arrive via Broadway? It is, after all, rather
fantastic to think that every play must be
still-born unless an investment of twenty-five
to fifty thousand dollars can be found for its
production, and it becomes one of the hundred
and twenty-five or thirty plays chosen each
year in New York out of approximately forty
thousand manuscripts, as part of a desperate
gamble of agents and ptoducers to figure out
the mood of the month of the Broadway audi-
ence. And it is similarly fantastic that the ex-
perience of drama of communities throughout
the vast spaces and varied background of this
country should be determined by that process
local and commercial to New York City.
There is a growing democratic impulse of
healthy self-sufficiency and cultural self-respect
throughout our country. Other communities
are forsaking the fantastic demand of a thirty
thousand dollar investment before they will
risk two hours on a play in a theatre. It would
seem natural to expect that a university commu-
nity which is a center of thought and so valued
elsewhere, would have an especial respect for
and interest in its own thinking. It was a plea-
sure to meet in Morty Q.'s comments on "Key
Largo" Wednesday morning a fresh response
and independence of New York as the ultimate
criterion of drama. In the midst of a constant
interplay of ideas, political, economic, social,
scientific, ethical, and philosophcal, a univer-
sity play represents an orientation of the au-
thor's thinking and an attempt at practical ap-
plication in a sector of life bounded by the play.
I think it might give a helpful direction to
our view on plays here at the University of
Michigan if we were to get the habit of speaking
of original or community-written plays rather
than student-written plays. The authors, un-
dergraduate and graduate, are representative
of a very wide range of youth and maturity
and interests and experience. There is a blend-
ing here of a Michigan culture and a cosmopoli-
tan culture. Not to refer to work in progress,
last year the plays that were finished theatre
jobs, ready for production, included one which
was rich with varied scenes of Michigan, a
drive-away station in Detroit, Benton Harbor
fruit market, cherry orchards and quiet farm
country, the Indian and blueberry country of
the north, through which moved a strange
character seeking self-destruction and finding
salvation; a play of the heroic, picturesque, and
tragic days of the pioneering of Colorado; a
comedy of a summer writers' conference which
blends beauty and romance with wise and
satirical wit; a play of scientific lie-detection
in legal and judicial procedure and the ethical
problem of defense of the guilty for the criminal
lawyer; a poignant play of the meaning of old
age and the nature of personal identity. Each
of these plays was written with skill and the
subject dealt with maturely by someone thor-
oughly familiar with the material.
A university theatre program holds the possi-
bilities of historical plays, original plays, and
Broadway plays. The entire production program
of some universities now is of original plays.
It is very seldom that one can have everything.
If I were not a teacher of playwriting, but were
a member of the community teaching in some
pther field, or a student in relation to his fel-
low-students, and had to make a choice, I am

sure I would prefer a program of historical and
original plays and leave out the Broadway plays.
The iroadway plays are published and that
phase of contemporary thinking is available
through_ reading or often through the motion
pictures. Community production may be the
only opportunity for experiencing these other
plays, and besides, there is something stirring
about the immediacy of a play completed one
mqnth, in the theatre the next. Some of our
plays have been selected for Broadway produc-
tion, but no one knows in advance which it
will be, and when it happens there certainly
could be a special pleasure in having seen the
play first as a part of one's community with
fresh and independent critical responses. What
is most important to us, however, is that
whether or not the plays penetrate the Broad-
way maze, there are some plays available here
that are as good and even better than some
which we come to know by way of Broadway
success, and there are others not so well done
that by the content and our community relation
to the play may be of more interest to us. I
have the pleasure of knowing these plays, and
am trying to pass it on. Here at the University
of Michigan, with the finished productions to
which Professor Windt and his staff have accus-
tnpr3 ,, in Pnv Pm,.-,nn ad hpRimmp

Administrator Nathan Straus of
the USHA announces that the Gov-
ernment's $800,000,000 housing pro-
gram will probably cost at its peak
about $13,400,000 a year instead
of the $28,000,000 authorized un-
der the present law. The explana-
tion is easy to understand. In the
first place, the Government bor-
rows the $800,000,000 at about 13
per cent and lends it to local
housing authorities at about 3
per cent. The housing authorities
get the money cheaper than they
could hire it in the open mar-
ket and the Government makes a
banker's profit.
In the second place, according
to Mr. Straus's figures, the USHA
is now contributing about 2.8 per
cent of the cost of the projects
toward annual maintenance charges,
as against the 3.5 per cent which
the law permits and which it was
supposed would be necessary. This
reduction is made possible by
economies in operation and man-
The present law requires that
local housing authorities shall raise
at least 10 per cent of the cap-
ital cost of projects from sources
other than the Federal Govern-
ment. Actually they are doing bet-
ter than this and Mr. Straus be-
lieves that eventually 30, 40 and
even a larger per cent may come
from these non-Federal sources.
These figures not only promise
more housing for a given amount
of subsidy. They also hold out
hope that we can narrow the field
within which public housing is nec-
essary. Every economy in construc-
tion and management simplifies the

ALL RIGHT, so spring is here. So
what? Last week it looked as
though we were in for a long, hard
winter. And Gulliver didn't mind.
Why? Because he'd rather have
winter than spring.
Let's clear things up. The boys at
Columbia used to have an old drink-
ing song which ended something like
this: "This walking around without
touching. the ground is getting to
be quite a bore." Music furnished
on request. Now there is nothing
which Gulliver would enjoy right
now more than being able to walk
around without touching the ground.
It's simple enough. Y. G. has one
pair of shoes; the right shoe has
held up very well since last July,
but the left shoe suddenly decided
to spring a leak.
A leaky shoe is like red flannel
underwear-ok for the icy weather,
but worse than useless when the
thaw comes. In the past three days
Gulliver has developed an odd, pI-
geon-like walk; if you see anybody
problem of the private builder as
well as of the public housing au-
thority. The limited-dividend cor-
poration, for example, ought soon
to be able to offer good homes
at lower rents than those now avail-
able. If this can be done the USHA
experiment will benefit a multitude
of families who do not live in pub-

lic housing projects but who will campus and which look deep enough
pay less for their accommodations to have dangerous undertows.
because private enterprise has learn- Donations of hip boots, hand knit
ed in this case from public enter- woolen socks and handkerchiefs to
prise. stuff into the leaky toe will be
- The New York Times gratefully acknowledged.

scrambling around campus on his
heels looking like nothing more than
a champion walker practicing up
for the Big Meet. you'll know it's
T'S GETTING to be a terrible
strain. One big rainstorm will
wash Y. G. out so completely that
he won't show his face on campus
until finals. - So far he has had
to change his socks twice a day-
three times, if he wants to go out
of an evening. But in order to
change your socks you have to go
home (you can't walk around with
a spare pair in your pocket and
slip into Angell Hall smoking room
to change them), and in order to
go home you have to wade through
several tons (conservative estimate)
of muck. And in the meantime,
you walk around emitting strange,
squidgy noises, and feeling stray
bits of animal and vegetable mat-
ter making their little homes in
between your toes. So you wiggle
your way over to the Union showers
and spend a pleasant half hour
picking out cigarette butts, dead
leaves and crumbs of mud from
your toes.
Phooey on it. As hazardous as
is the condition of Gulliver's win-
ter coat, he would sooner see ice
form again on the diagonal than
pick his way gingerly around those
water holes which clutter up the



(Continued from Page 21

South Gallery, Alumni
Hall; 8:30-5:00 one week
ing March 30.

only, end-

Far Eastern Drama*:
Enter Wang Ching-wei

. . .

NEW and tremendously significant
phase of the war in the Far East
begins today, with the inauguration of Wang
Ching-wei as president of the government for
Central China. On the success of this govern-
ment hinges the probable outcome of hostilities
in China.
Wang, of course, is another of the puppet
rulers Japan has been setting up in conquered
areas throughout China. He is probably the
most able of these puppets; he has held prac-
tically every big job in China, showing ability
in all of them.
Throughout the course of the war, moreover,
Wang fought Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek
on the issue of carrying on the struggle. Wang's
ostensible position was this: the war can't pos-
sibly lead to anything good; China can't win
the war, even granting that she=can't be totally
defeated; it's better to come to' terms with
Japan as soon as possible, as such capitulation
would probably induce Tokyo to grant a greater
degree of autonomy to China.
More. than a year ago Wang openly split
with Chiang, fled the capital, and sopght refuge
at Hongkong. Since that time he has become
closer and closer to the J4panese, ynti he is
now returning to Nanking 4s their actual pup-
pet ruler.
Chiang's government naturally has branded
Wang a traitor. A Chungking official announce-
ment has warned that all agreements concluded
by Wang would be considered not binding.
The burning question boils down to this: Has
Chiang's comparatively short campaign to cre-
ate an unflinching nationalist feeling among
his people taken effect on a permanent basis?
Or have centuries of disunity taken their toll
on the country, leaving it vulnerable to Japanese
inroads, and leaving it too numb to see through
Tokyo's disunion schemes as exemplified by
If Wang is able to muster considerable sup-
port, it will be a tremendous blow to the Chung-
king government. If, on the other hand, Wang
finds only meager support for his government,
it will mean that Chiang's nationalist education
has taken effect, that the Chinese have awak-
ened to their urgent need for strong union, and
that Japan's chances of completely crushing
China are gone.
Lm_ a n7 ~.l

of Architecture, Schools of Education,
Forestry and Conservation, and Music
should fill in grade request cards' at
Room 4, U. Hall between April 1 and
April 5. Those failing to file these
cards will assume all responsibility
for late grades which may prohibit
Physical Education for Women:
During the week of April 1, skill tests
in the following activities will be
Fencing: Tuesday and Thursday,
2:30 to 4:00, Barbour Gymnasium.
Badminton: Monday and Wednes-
day 1:30 to 4:15, Barbour Gymna-
Swimming: Tuesday and Thurs-
day, 7:30 p.m., Union Pool.
Riding: Monday and Wednesday,
3:20, Barbour Gymnasium.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
United States Civil Service examina-
tions, applications to be filed by
April 22.
Senior Animal Geneticist, salary
Animal Geneticist, salary $3,800.
Associate Animal Geneticist, salary
Assistant Animal Geneticist, salary
Associate Coal Price Analyst and
Investigator, salary $3,200.
Assistant Coal Price Analyst and
Investigator, salary $2,600.
The Bureau has also received a bul-
letin of Illinois State Civil Service
examination notices, open to citizens
of Illinois. The list includes exami-
nations for social workers, engineers,
statisticians, physicians, nurses, bac-
teriologists, librarians and others.
Residence may be waived in some
Complete announcements on file
at the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall. Office hours: 9-12
and 2-4.
Military Ball Banquet Tickets: The
cost of military ball banquet tickets
may be deducted from the April com-
mutation checks. Tickets may be ob-
tained any afternoon at the ROTC
Women's Team Bowling Tourna-
ment: All tournament matches must
be completed by Friday, April 5. Be-
cause of limited accommodations
reservations must be made early. The
hours for reservations are: 3:00, 4:00
and 5:00 in the afternoon, 7:00 and
8:00 in the evening.
Academic Notices
Final Examination for Hygiene
Lectures for Women will be given at
the regular class period on April 1
and 2 in Natural Science Auditorium
It is important that students attend
the section in which they have en-
Exhibition, College of Architecture

University Lecture: Professor C. H.
Behre, Jr., of the Department of Geo-
logy at Northwestern University, will
lecture on "The Role of Minerals in
the War" under the auspices of the
Department of Geology at 4:15 p.m.
on Thursday, April 4, in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall. The public is cor-
dially invited.
Mathematical Lecture: Professors
0. Zariski of Johns Hopkins Univer-
sity will give a lecture on Wednesday,
April 3, at 3 o'clock, in 3011 A.H. on
the subject, "Local Uniformization
of Algebraic Varieties."
Lecture: Mr. Luther Tucker, who
has spent the past two years admin-
istering relief in China and was re-
cently released from a Japanese pris-
on, will speak at Lane Hall, Monday,
April 1, on "Why Chinese Relief" at
4:15 p.m. and on "Chinese Universi-
ties Carry On" at 7:00 p.m.
T' Oday's trew~s
Suomi Club meeting tonight at 8,
Room 305, Michigan Union.
He-She Bridge Tournament will be
held in Room 305 of the Union at
2:00 p.m. today. Men's and women's
teams may enter at the Michigan
Union Desk.
University Day Guides and visitjng
students will meet in the Union Lobby
at 9:30 this morning.
All Girls interested in living cheap-
ly and cooperatively are invited to
a joint tea given by the Alice Free-
man Palmer and Katherine Pickerill
Cooperatives today from 3:00 to 5:00,
at the Katherine Pickerill Coopera-
tive, 328 East William St. For infor-
mation about cooperatives, phone 2-
1454 or 2-2218.
Graduate Students, and other stu-
dents interested, are invited to a
radio broadcast by the Metropolitan
Opera Company of Wagner's "Die
Walkure," to be given today at 1:50
p.m. in the Men's Lounge of the
Rackham Building.
-An April Fool's party and danc
will be. iven in the Congregationa
Church tonight at 9:00. All young
people cordially invited. Small charge
Graduate Dance will be held in the
Rackham Building, tonight 9:0.0 tc
12:00. All graduate students are in
"The 0itic": Last performance to-
night at 8:30 at Mendelssohn Thea-
tre. Tickets still available for. Sheri
. dan's riotous comedy which is offere
l I as Play Production's final produc
- tion of the season. Phone 6300 for
Coming Events
e~ German Table for Faculty r~em

ace H. Rackham School of Graduate
Program: Glacial Studies in Great
Lakes and Hudson Lakes Region" by
George M. Stanley, Asst. Prof. of Ge-
"Motion Pictures of Living Em-
bryos" by Theodore C. Cramer, De-
partment of Anatomy.
Seminar in Bacteriology will meet
in Room 1564 East Medical Building
Monday, April 1, at 8:00 p.m. Sub-
ject: "Trypanosoma cruzi." All in--
terested are invited.
The Graduate Education Club will
meet on Wednesday, April 3, at 4:00
p.m. in the graduate library of the
University Elementary School. Prof.
R. W. Sellars of the Philosophy De-
partment will speak on the "Philoso-
phy of John Dewey." Discussion will
follow of "Educational Implications
of Dewey's Philosophy" by Prof. S. A.
Courtis. All graduate students in
the School of Education are invited.
Flying Club will hold a meeting
Sunday, March 31, at the Ypsilanti
Airport. Car will leave Union at
2:15 p.m.
Attention all campus organizations:
General Committee of the Spring
Parley will meet on Sunday, March
31, at the Michigan League. Each
campus organization is invited to
send a representative to this meeting
to help make plans for this year's
International Center: Sunday eve-
ning at 7 o'clock Mrs. Ammu Swam-
inadan, one of the internationally
recognized leaders of the women of
India, will speak on "Women's Part
in the Indian Nationalist Movement."
Moving pictures in technicolor of
the beautiful Magnolia and Cypress
I Gardens of Charleston, South Caro-
lina, will be shown at the Center
Monday evening at 7:15 o'clock.
* Varsity Glee Club: All men going o
the Spring Trip must present health
cards at regular rehearsal Sunday at
*4:30 p.m. Special rehearsal Mon-
day at 4:00 p.m.
Reserve Officers: Major Robert N.
Kunz, Signal Corps, will speak on
"Signal Communications in the In-
fantry Regiment "at 7:30 p.m. Mon-
day, April 1 in Room 222 of the
P Michigan Union. All members of the
I Michigan Union. All members of the
Officers Reserve Corps and the
R.O.T.C. may attend.
e Michigan Anti-War C nmmittee will
0 meet Sunday, March 31, at the Michi-
- gan Union at 3 o'clock. All members
urged to attend.
The Michigan Wolverine Social
Hour Sunday night, will be called
- "Fools' Paradise." The Detroit Mus-
d ic Appreciation Society's recording of
- Beethoven's Fifth Symphony will be
r played from 6:00 to 7:00 and the re-
cordings of Benny Goodman from
7:00 until 10:00.
The Women's Research Club will
- meet Monday night, April 1. at 7:30

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