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March 21, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-03-21

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IUneraplwy me it
Survey Needed .



Biased Speech
By Cromwell
Draws Capital
House Ponders Resolution
To Recall Rich Envoy
From Post In Canada
Secretary Hull
To Begin Probe
WASHINGTON, March 20. -(')--
With a view to determining whether
disciplinary measures should be ap-
plied, Secretary of State Hull today
called for an official copy of a speech
in which James H. R. Cromwell, mil-
lionaire minister to Canada, sided
with the Allies against Germany.
Meantime the new diplomat, hus-
band of the former Doris Duke,
"world's richest girl," was the target
for sharp criticism from Capitol Hill.
Introducing a resolution calling for
a Congressional inquiry to determine
whether Cromwell was correctly
quoted in criticizing "American isola-
tionists," Rep. Sweeney (Dem.-O.)
Sweeney Speaks
"If our playboy minister to Canada
wants to fight for the British Em-
pire I respectfully suggest that he
join the ranks of such distinguished
American expatriates as Lady Astor
and Kermit Roosevelt, so that he,
may 'carry on' for the Empire.
"We should have the courage to
tell Cromwell and his lawfully-wed-,
ded fortune, Doris Duke, to get the
hell out of this republic."
Under Sweeney's resolution, the
House foreign affairs committee
would be directed to recommend the
recall of Cromwell, if reports of the
speech were found to be true. Sena-
tor Clark (Dem.-Mo.) had previously
said that Cromwell should be recalled
because of his "outrageous" speech.
Financial Support
Rep. Barry (Dem.-NY,) called;
Cromwell a "garrulous young man"J
and said his "chief, if not sole, quali-
fication for the positionhe holds is
his ability to contribute to the finan-
cial support of a political party."I
Some members of the Senate For-f
eign Relations Committee said a
diplomat from a neutral couitry
should not have made such an ad-
dress. However, Senator Pepper
(Dem.-Fla.) said he was "very glad"1
the speech was made, even though he
had some doubts as to whether it was
the correct thing for a diplomat to do.
The speech, made yesterday at Tor-
onto, strongly indicted Germany and
expressed an emphatic desire for an
Allied victory as beneficial to the
Modern Marco
Polo Will Give
Oratorical T al k
Not since the days of Marco Polor
has a young traveler packed so many
thrills and adventures into a few
brief years as has Nicol Smith, sciont
of a California oil family, who willI
deliver the final Oratorical Series
lecture at 8:30 p.m. today in HillI
Nicol Smith swam the Hellespont'
at 17and, on the same trip, paddled
the entire length of the Danube.}
Later he was kidnapped by a 300-1

pound daughter of a South Sea is-
land chieftain. In Russia he was
married and divorced within an hour.
He has also sailed up the South
American "River of Death," visited
the penal colony on Devil's Island
and has been officially adopted by
the Arawak tribe in Dutch Guiana.
Mr. Smith is one of the few whitef
men ever to penetrate the mysterious
island of Hainan. He will speak on
Hainan tonight and show 3,000 feetf
of color film, the first motion pic-
tures ever to come out of the island.r
Herman Discusses
Polities In France
Rapid development of French po-
litical parties following the adoption
of the French constitution of 1875,l
was due to the disinterest in foreign
affairs by all classes of society, said
Dr. Abraham Herman in his lecture
on the French party system here yes-i


To Officiate At Inter fraternity Function
f £From

Ousts American Consulate
Poland; Reynaud Attempts






- Daily Photo by Bogle.
Tom Adams, (left) head of the Interfraaternity Council, and Dean
Walter B. Rea, confer on details for the Greek Week program which is
to start tomorrow. The program will include forums and discussions
on fraternity problems.

k I I

Hockett's Talk
Will Highlight
WGreek Week'
Noted Fraternity Leader
Will Speak Tomorrow
At Banquet For Initiates
High spot of the Interfraternity
Council's Greek Week program will
be the Initiation Banquet at 6:15
p.m. tomorrow, where Norman Hock-
ett, nationally-known fraternity
leader, will talk fraternity problems
in general, Assistant Dean Walter
B. Rea will present the Interfrater-
nity Scholarship cup to the frater-
nity having the highest collective
scholarship standing for the past
Tom Adams, '40, president of the
Council, will act as toastmaster at
the Banquet, at which more than
700 are expected to attend. Group
singing will be led by Prof. Dave
Mattern of the music school, accord-
ing to Dick Peckinpaugh, '41, of the
Preceding the Banquet, in the after-
noon, will be a general meeting .of
all fraternity men and initiates to-
gether with any others interested,
at which Dr. Fred T. Mitchell, dean
of men at Michigan State College,
will speak on college-fraternity rela-
tions. Following the general session
will be a 'series of panels on :various
fraternity problems, each led by
members of the local chapters.
New Graduates'
Council Convenes
Plans for representation of the var-
ious departments of the University
and proposed activities in the future
formed the topics for discussion at
last night's meeting of the reorgan-
ized Graduate Student Council, Abe
Rosenzweig, Grad., Chairman of the
Central Committee, announced last
As a first step toward making the
Council representative of all grad-
uates, Rosenzweig explained, letters
were sent to each department head,
asking that he see that student re-
presentatives be elected by the grad-
uate students of that department.


Gargoyle, Out Today,
Avoids Beauty Contest

I !.

1 A I

Smarting somewhat under the ac-
tion of the university in prohibiting
its much talked of all campus beau-
ty contest, the Gargoyle, under the
guidance of Ellis Wunsch, editor,
will appear on campus today.
However, Wunsch pointed out the
fact that the Gargoyle, of hardy
Stock, was not one to take such a blow
lying down. The magazine, he said,
will be as completely devoid of any
suggestion of a beauty contest as
Dr. LuigiVillari
Will Speak Here
On Italian Stand,


Member Of League
Nations Will Speak
Foreign Situation

Member of the staff of the League
of Nations and formerly of the Ital-
ian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Dr.
Luigi Villari, will discuss "Italy and
the International Situation" at 4:15
p.m. tomorrow in the Rackham Am-
The talk, a University lecture spon-
sored by the political science depart-
ment, is open to the public.
Born in Italy and educated at Ox-
ford, in England, Dr. Villari has car-
ried on the tradition set by h:.s fi-
ther, a prominent historian c.2 mcd-
ern Europe. Dr. Villari, too, has es-
pecially centered his writings and
research upon contemporary Euro-
pean history, especially the history
of Italy.
In the role of statesman, Dr. Villari
has been prominent in the political
affairs, both internal and external,
of his native country. He attained
further prominence by his work as
a member of the staff of the League
of Nations.
In the role of historian, he is one
of the most important contributors
to the Italian Encyclopedia and has
written several books on modern
European history. He has lectured
in the United States previous to his
present trip. Especially noted are
his lectures, delivered a few years
ago, at Williamstown, Mass.

Former Finance Minister
Seeks Group To Replace
Daladier's Government
Fallen 'Strong Man'
Ponders New Post
PARIS, March 21 (Thursday).-()
-Persons close to Paul Reynaud said
early this morning that he hoped
before the day was out to complete
a new "push the war" cabinet for
France and end the government cri-
sis precipitated yesterday by the
resignation of the cabinet of Edouard
The new government, these sour-
ces said, likely will go before the
Chamber of Deputies Friday for a
vote of confidence.
The foriation planned by Rey-
naud includes virtually all political
parties, but its final makeup depends
on the decision of the executive com-
mittee of the Socialist group, called
for late this morning to consider
an offer to join the cabinet.
Much depends on Daladier, who
was offered the war ministry but
whose acceptance is not yet official.
Reynaud concluded his first
night's consultations about 2 a.m.
(8 p.m. EST) after seeing Daladier;
Edouard' Herriot, president of the
Chamber; Jules Jeanneney, president
of the Senate; Louis Rollin, former
commerce minister; Georges Man-
del, minister of colonies in the Dala-
dier cabinet; Henri Queuille, minis-
ter of agriculture in the Daladier.
cabinet; Camille Chautemps, Dala-
dier's vice-premier and Lucien La-
moureux, former finance minister.
The vigorous Reynaud, mountain-
eer. world tra'eler and skilled doc-
tor of F ich fiance, said he would
give his definite reply about noon
today to President Albert LeBrun's
request that he form a cabinet.
Residence Halls
Issue Explained
By Litzenberg
Dorm Director Addresses.
Interfraternity CouncilI
On Life Of Freshnien
Prof. Karl Litzenberg, University
director of Residence Halls, told
members of the Interfraternity
Council last night that there is a
"need for simplifying the already;
complicated life of first semester;
freshmen on the Michigan campus."
One of the chief functions of the;
new West Quadrangle and the most
important reason for converting Jor-;
dan Hall into a residence for fresh-
man women, he said, is to assist
students in adaptingthemselves to
college life and academic work.
"No important conclusions can be
drawn from the results of the first
semester's operation of the freshman
houses," Professor Litzenberg added,
"but in terms of scholastic achieve-
rnent statistics show that in spite of
the newness of the Jordan plan and
in spite of the disturbed physical
conditions in the West Quadrangle,
the Quadrangle men maintained the
best academic average of all fresh-
men during the past 10 years, and
the Jordan women improved slightly
upon it."
Professor Litzenberg also said that
fraternity pledges living in the West
Quadrangle made "much better aca-
demic records" than did the fresh-
man pledges of two years ago, even
though the fraternity pledge aver-
ages are still below those of the fresh-
man class as a whole.

"This conclusion is based on figures
provided by Marion Williams, Stat-
istician in the Registrar's Office,
and W. D. Knight, in charge of Resi-
dence Halls Scholarship records," he
"We need to study seriously and
(Continued on Page 5)
Student Senate To Discuss
T71 . " 1 'I 1 ..--

A vague, unformulated discontent
among the French people-rather
than a specific and definite issue,
probably caused the fall of Daladier
from the premiership of France.
Prof. Preston W. Slosson of the
history department, approached late
yesterday, ventured this comment on
the sudden turn of events in French
war politics.
France is really governed by moods
of public opinion, he explained, and
as that mood shifts, French cabinets
change. Professor Slosson offered
several possibilities as causes for the
discontent. Inaction on the Western
Front, failure to aid Finland effec-
tively and the recent Hitler-Musso-
lini Brennero conference all may
have contributed to bring about the
dissatisfaction, he said.
Professor Slosson also pointed out
that the resignation "explodes all
the nonsense about Daladier being
a dictator." It is plain proof, he re-
marked, that a prime minister falls
easily in a truly parliamentary gov-
ernment, even in the most stringent
He made special comment on the
circumstances immediately leading
to the resignation. Daladier fell from
power, he noted, even though he re-
ceived a Parliamentary.vote of con-
fidence technically almost unani-
mous; thus he could have carried on
fLatest Topic Is
'A rchitecture'
"Changing Lines in Architecture"
will be the topic upon which Louis
Untermeyer, distinguished poet and
anthologist, will base the fourth lec-
ture of his series on "New Frontiers
in American Culture" at 4:15 p.m.
tomorrow in the Rackham Amphi-
Mr. Untermeyer will illustrate his
talk with a collection of slides. He
will conduct a discussion of the ma-
terial covered in the lecture at 4:15
p.m. Saturday in the East Conference
Room of the Rackham Building. Al-
though the series is under the aus-
pices of the engineering English de-
partment, the lectures are open to
all students and faculty members.
In tomorrow's talk, Mr. Unter-
meyer will for the first time, turn
away from literature in order to con-
sider trends in other forms of art.
His earlier talks have related how
a growing consciousness of the Amer-
ican idiom has influenced literature.
Subsequent lectures will trace this
development in the fields of archi-
tecture. painting and music.

Slosson Says Vague Popular
Discontent Caused Resignation

without violating either the letter
or the spirit of the French constitu-
tion. (The vote in the Chamber of
Deputies was favorable to the Prime
Minister by 239 to 1, but more than
300 deputies abstained from voting.)
Referring to the possibility of for-
mer finance minister Paul Reynaud
accepting President LeBrun's bid to
form a "war cabinet," Professor Slos-
son discounted any expectations that
the new man's policies will differ
greatly from those of the fallen
Reynaud, he explained, represents
nothing too different from Daladier.
In fact, he added, although both men
are substantially moderate, the pros-
pective premier is possibly one degree
more conservative than Daladier.
The ex-premier's Radical Socialist
party, he said, is neither radical nor
socialist, but is a left wing moderate
group sitting almost in the center of
the Chamber of Deputies. Reynaud's
Left Republican party, lie noted, sits
a little to the right of the center.
Reich Planes
Attack Convoy
Near Scotland
British Warships And Air
Squadrons Battle Fierce
German Revenge Move
LONDON, March 20. -(JP)--Ger-
many's air force hit back last night
in revenge for the tremendous pound-
ing which British planes dealt out to
Sylt, swarming down on a convoy
off the Scottish coast, fighting a harsh
battle with British warships and
naval planes and damaging three
neutral ships.
Revising its first estimate of the
casualties early today, the British Ad-
miralty said three neutral ships in the
convoy suffered damage and that one
of them was abandoned by its crew.
The German radio broadcast claims
that "several" convoyed ships were
sunk or badly damaged.
The abandoned ship was the Nor-
wegian Svinta, of 1,267 tons. Her
crew was picked up by another Nor-
wegian vessel.
The Swedish Utklippan, 1,599 tons,
was hit by an incendiary bomb and
the Norwegian Tora Elise, 721 tons,
likewise was damaged.
Antiaircraft fire f4om escorting
warships damaged one attacking
Heinkel bomber, the Admiralty said.
Planes of the fleet air arm, Britain's
naval air force, hit two other Heink-
els and on one occasion two of the
British planes scattered 10 Heinkels.

State Department Accedes
To German Demands;
'All RightsReserved'
Sudden Step Affects
Other Governments
WASHINGTON, March 20.-(P)-
Germany forced the United States
today to withdraw its consulate gen-
eral from Poland, where 532 Amer-
ican citizens live.
The State Department announced
that it had acceded to the German
demand but "reserves all of its rights
in the matter."
No reason was given for Germany's
action, which affected other coun-
tries as well. It was understood that
Germany was dissatisfied with the
activities of some other consulates
and ousted them all.
Leave For Berlin
The three Americans comprising
the staff of the consulate general
left today for Berlin. All matters
in connection with American citi-
zens in Poland will be handled
through the American Embassy in
The State Department said that
"representations were made to the
German government stressing the
difficulty of rehdering assistance and
protection to American citizens with-
out consular representation in War-
Secretary Hull said he was mak-
ing distinct progress in Berln, how-
ever, toward obtaining permission for
a number of American relief workers
to enter German-occupied Poland to
supervise relief distribution.
Germany, according to dispatches
received here, is refusing to permit
American and other foreign news-
papermen to go to Poland.
Consular Officers
The consular officers who left
were George J. Haering, consul, who
was born in New York City; Carl
Birkeland, vice consul, who was born
in Norway and became naturalized;
and William R. Morton, vice consul,
who was born at New Ulm, Minn.
It is understood they will remain in
the American embassy in Berlin.
When the German armies invaded
Poland in September, 1939, the Po-
lish government retired from War-
saw and finally crossed the border
into Rumania. The American em-
bassy, headed by Ambassador An-
thony J. Drexel-Biddle, accompanied
the government.
When the Polish government tra-
veled to France and set up a provi-
sional capital at Angers, the Amer-
ican embassy was established here
provisionally, and is still in charge
of Ambassador Drexel-Biddle.
Labor Leader
Lectures Here
Tucker Smith Reproaches
New Deal Rule
"The New Deal was doomed to fail-
ure," Tucker Smith, noted labor lead-
er, maintainedIn a talk last night
before the League for Liberal Action
at the Natural Science Building.
That failure was inevitable because
of the internal inconsistencies of the
New Deal and the outside hostility
toward it, he emphasized.
Smith then listed what he termed
fundamental facts that must be real-
ized: "you cannot retain democracy
and retain widespread unemploy-
ment; you cannot rid the nation of
unemployment without investment,
and large scale investment is impos-
sible under the present system of priv-
ate initiative; the nation is farther
away 'from doing the right thing' to-
day than it was eight years ago."

Labor must realize, Smith stressed,
that "Roosevelt is not the social en-
gineer who is going to save the capi-
talist system."


State Loses Millions In Taxes:
Pamphlet Points Out Deficiencies
In Michigan Tax Administration

Britain Risks Mighty Merchantmen:
Mauretania Leaves Manhattan
On Potentiall Perilous Voyage!

Michigan's present decentralized
and uncoordinated tax administra-
tion has meant the loss to the state,
of millions of dollars in uncollected
taxes and has brought unnecessary
and costly inconvenience to taxpay-
ers, according to a pamphlet, "State
Tax Administration," issued yester-
day by the University Bureau of
Under the existing system, twelve
state and two local agencies partici-
pate in Michigan's tax administra-
tiori, while in the majority of the
other states, a single bureau is in
charge of administering state taxes,
Dr. Robert S. Ford, director of the
Bureau, and Frank M. Landers, re-
search assistant, claims. This inade-
quate system, the study maintains,
is responsible for losses to the state

senate confirmation, for a ten-year
"Regardless of whether the com-
mission or single-headed type of
agency is finally adopted," the bulle-
tin, sixth in the Michigan govern-
ment series, concludes, "the central-
ization of responsibility and author-
ity will make its tax administration
on a sound, efficient and economical
German Contests
To Be Held Today
Twenty-two students of the Ger-
man department will compete today
for the Kothe-Hildner prizes estab-
lished by Herman Kothe, '10L, in
honor of Jonathan A. C. Hildner,

NEW YORK, March 20.-(/P)-The
35,739-ton Mauretania, fifth largest
liner in the British merchant marine,
entered a new and dangerous role
as a troop transport tonight.
At 8:01 p.m. (EST), the big gray-
painted ship pulled away from the
Cunard White Star Line pier at 14th
Street, Manhattan. Few lights
showed on her decks.
The Queen Mary, holder of the
Atlantic speed record, was expected
to leave at dawn tomorrow although
some sources said she might wait to
pick up more crew members from
the British Lancastria, arriving in
mid-morning from Canada.
All seamen had been ordered to
report back to the ship by midnight,
however, and instructions were is-
sued to cut the water lines between
the ship and its pier at 5 a.m. (EST).
Longshoremen worked under flood-
lights tonight loading final supplies.

(By Daily Staff Writer)
As Great Britain places the two
huge liners Queen Mary and Maure-
tania in official war service, she N
actually betting more than $25,000,-
000 and about 116,000 tons of ship-
ping on the strength of the British
navy and on the fanciful forces of
The Queen Mary and Mauretania
must face a record of more than
1,600,000 tons of shipping lost by
Great Britain during 1918, the clos-
ing year of the World War, in spite
of the relatively effective British
convoy system and armed shipping.
Although their classification as
troop ships places the two vessels
in a somewhat different category,
nevertheless some parallel can be
drawn between them and certain
merchant ships sunk during the last
war. Examples are the unarmed Fa-
laba, the Arabic and the Hesperian.
But probably the two most well-
known disasters to British merchant-

Mimes Initiates
26 Of_'Opera' Cast
Grease paint masks worn all day
yesterday by undergraduates tapped

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