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March 16, 1940 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1940-03-16

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4bF A6F





Varied Talks
Open Annual
Arts Academy
Sessions Here
Untermeyer Sees Culture
Of Present-Day America
As Approaching Maturity
Convention Closes
All Sections Today
Bringing Ann Arbor descriptions
of many striking achievements the
past year in scientific and cultural
fields, the Michigan Academy of Sci-
ence, Arts and Letters opened yester-
day for more than 200 delegates in its
45th Annual two-day session.
Discussing the close correlation be-
tween "Museums and Education" and
the problems it presents, Dr. Carl E
Guthe, director of Museums and
president of the Academy, pointed out
in his presidential address in the
Amphitheatre of the Rackham Build-
ing that these problems are now in
the process of solution.
After outlining causes for the
growth of museums in both Europe
and the United States, Dr. Guthe
emphasized that "ultimately if the
museum is to be recognized as a stable
social institution, its field of activity
must be defined, its principles must
be codified, and its methods must be
Michigan Folklore
Before voting to incorporate itself
as a section into the Academy, the
guest group on folklore heard Louis
Untermeyer, nationally famous poet,
describe the recent turn of poets,
painters and composers to native
themes as a marked "maturing of
American culture."
Claiming he was merely "an im-
passioned and interested observer,"
Mr. Untermeyer concluded by prais-
ing this recent trend because "nearly
all great art has its roots in the
ground. No artist can discover his
soul until he discovers this soil," he
Among other speakers in the sec-
tion were Prof. Lewis G. VanderVelde,
director of Michigan Historical col-
lections, and Prof. Ivan H. Walton of
the engineering school.
"Behind the lines of destruction
and fighting in China, there has tak-
en place in the hinterland an unpar-
alleled experiment of reconstruction,
literally amounting to the building up
of a new nation in a world of ruthless
and needless destruction." Thus did
Mr. Pinsang Hsia, joint manager of
the Bank of China in New York, pic-
ture the "rise of a new China," at
a lunch held jointly with the econom-
ics section.
Domination rather than leadership
explains the power of Father Cough-
lin today, Miss Eleanor Paperno of
Wayne University explained in the
afternoon session. The distinction,
she said, lies in the fact that results
are the goal of domination (and
Coughlin seeks results) while leader-
ship aims for education and learning.
War, national defense and econom-
ic planning furnished the economics
section with its discussion subjects
yesterday. Prof. Arthur Smithies of
the economics department predicted
a period of competing nationalisms
after the present World War. Ex-
plaining England's lack of maximum
organizational efficiency today, Pro-

fessor Smithies said it was due to the
political and social considerations
binding Englishmen.
History, Political Science
Showing that U.S. foreign policy is
sliding away from strict isolation to
a balance of power, and possibly col-
lective security, because of the dis-
approval of aggressor nations by the
American people, Prof. Jesse S. Reeves,
of the political science department,
pointed out that America is still very
strong for peace, a peace which when
it comes should give the U.S. secur-
(Continued on Page 6)
Walter L. Wright,
Turkish Educator,
S peaks Tomorrow
President Walter L. Wright of
Robert College, Istanbul, Turkey, will
speak on "International Education
in a Time of World Crisis," at 7 p.m.
tomorrow at the International Cen-

Michigan Natators Beat Wayne
For Ninth Straight Dual Victory
Powerful Tartars Make Meet Most Thrilling Of Season;
Five Close Events Feature 54-30 Triumph

Michigan churned out a thrilling
and thunderous denial of Wayne Uni-
versity swimming supremacy last
night by turning back the powerful
Tartar invaders, 54-30, in a dual meet
at the I-M pool.
In their final home appearance of
the year, the Wolverines again flashed
the balance and power that carried
them to the front in seven of the
nine events. With Jimmy Welsh out
of competition, Wayne grabbed its
two firsts in the middle-distance races
as Andy Clark, the National AAU
medley king, proved too fast for the
Michigan entries.
Wayne was all that it was expected
to be. With an amazing first-year
record of five wins against one de-
feat, Coach Leo Maas' band of sopho-
more stars made Michigan's ninth
straight dual triumph the most thrill-
packed meet in the I-M pool this sea-
Medley Relay Team Wins
It started in ordinary Wolverine
fashion with Matt Mann's medley
relay trio romping home a length of
the pool ahead of the Tartar team.
Francis Heydt took care of the back-
stroke duties in the event last night
and handed Johnny Sharemet a nine
yard lead with his :59.3 lap. From
there on, the relay was just another
Michigan power demonstration. Tom-
my Williams swam the freestyle cen-
tury and finished with a total Michi-
gan timing of 2:58.3.
Wayne evened the score in the next
event, the furlong freestyle feature
with Bill Prew and Clark facing Mich-
igan's revitalized senior, Ed Hutch-
ens. With a great start, it was Prew
out in front at the gun with Hutchens
second and Clark, the favorite, in the
rear. Prew maintained a two yard
lead over the Big Ten champion over
the first 100 yards but Hutchens
started to move and with 70 yards
left pulled within a stroke of his
speeding Tartar rival.
Clark Wins 220
And while the howling capacity
crowd watched the two leaders duel,
Clark with a vicious final lap sprint
came from out of nowhere to win the
decision in 2:14.7. Hutchens finished
second with Prew in third.
The 50-yard freestyle sprint was an-
other thriller as Charley Barker, the
Conference champion, scored a touch

decision over Guy Lumsden, the Tar-
tar speedster in :23.3. Barker trailed
Lumsden until they turned for the
final 25 yards. Down the stretch
they came shoulder to shoulder. Ten
yards out there wasn't an inch be-
tween the two, but Barker's desper-
ate thrust at the wall gave him a first
which the judges took ten minutes to
Three Divers Score
Even in the diving the Tartars were
ahead for awhile. Bobby Gardner led
Michigan's Strother "T-Bone" Mar-
tin by nine points at the conclusion
of the compulsories, but Martin, Capt.
Hal Benham and Jack Wolin, whose
total didn't count, passed Gardner be-
fore it was all over.
After the dives, came the century
and the fans were on their feet again.
Gus Sharemet rushed into the lead
with Prew second, Lumsden third and
Barker fourth. But Barker wasn't
through. The winner of the 50 came
flying back, passed the two Wayne
natators and just missed whipping
his teammate to the finish line in
Brother John Sharemet also scored
a win last night as he led all the way
(Continued on Page 3)
Deeds Refused
To Ann Arbor
By State Board
City, Board Of Education
Must Prove Public Use
Of NewlyBought Land
Following a hearing on the ques-
tion yesterday in Lansing, the State
Land Office Board refused to issue
deeds to the City of Ann Arbor and
the Ann Arbor Board of Education
for land purchased at the recent
State scavenger sale until both
groups provide evidence that the
property will be put to public use.
The hearing was scheduled in re-
sponse to a petition filed by 35 local
taxpayers challenging the right of
the city and school board to purchase
359 parcels of land at the sale and
requesting the action be declared'
Neither the city nor the school
board was represented at the hear-
ing, each resting its case on a letter
sent the Land Board by City Attorney
William M. Laird. The letter stated
that the property was purchased for
public use, but that the rejutsted
evidence could not be submitted to
the Board until it was known just
which parcels had been purchased,
and which had been redeemed by
the original owners. Laird said that
the information could be supplied
following the meeting of the City
Council Monday if the figures were
on hand at that time. Thursday
was the final day for redemption.
* Clarence W. Lock, Land Office
Board secretary, stated yesterday.
that if the city did not prove to the
Board's satisfaction that the pur-
chases were made for public pur-
poses, the bids would be cancelled
and the parcels re-offered for sale,
although probably not this year.
The Board of Education has made
known its intentions of following the
course of the city council concerning
the matter.1

Billion Dollar
Airplane Deal
Is Suspended
Negotiations With French
And English Missions
Halted After Five Days
Purchasers Await
Better 'Atmosphere
NEW YORK, March 15.-(M--
American manufacturers who have
been dickering with French and Bri-
tish purchasing missions for the sale
of a billion dollars worth of war-
planes suspended their talks today.
It was understood that the nego-
tiations, at least for late-model
planes which the Allies have hoped
to obtain, would not be resumed un-
less next week's Congressional in-
quiry into the sale of aircraft abroad
is held in a "favorable atmosphere."
Representatives of at least eight
plane and engine makers, who re-
mained uncommunicative, left the
city after less than five days of con-
versations. They made noarrange-
ments to return Monday. Manufac-
turers with local offices declined
The sudden suspension may also
have been connected with the pos-
sibility of a general European peace
move in the wake of the termination
of the Russo-Finnish war.
In Washington, where both Senate
and House sub-committees are sche-
duled to launch inquiries into air-
craft sales, the House Military Avia-
tion sub-committee formally asked
four War Department representa-4
tives to testify next Wednesday.
They were Secretary of War Wood-4
ring, Asst.-Secretary Louis Johnson,
Gen. George C. Marshall, the ArmyE
chief of staff, and Maj.-Gen. Henry
H. Arnold, Chief of the Air Corps.}
They will be called upon to ex-
plain the Administration's policy re-t
garding the release of aircraft and
other military equipment for sale
Chairman Harter (Dem.-Ohio)
said the committee was interested
chiefly in determining whether for-1
eign nations were being given the1
benefit of American military inven-
tions, particularly thosedeveloped
with taxpayers' money.
Restrictions On Imports
Temporary, Says Britain
WASHINGTON, March 15.-()-
Great Britain told American busi-
ness today that her restrictions on
imports of American products were
in no way intended to divert Bri-
dish purchasing to other markets
"he British Ambassador, Lord Lo-
thian, issued a formal statment that}
Britain's control of imports was a
result of the war,- meaning that it
would end after the war.
(There has been considerable ap-
prehension in this country that the
control measures might permanently
injure American producers. For ex-
ample, Britain has virtually ceasedt
buying American tobacco and is pur-
chasing from Turkey instead.
It is feared that British smokers
will become habituated to Turkish
and will go on buying it after the
Secretary of. State Hull expressedj
satisfaction that discussions werek
continuing with Allied experts tol
safeguard American commercial in-

Carol Refuses
Cabinet Post
To Iron Guard
Balks At German Scheme
To Guarantee Borders;
Nazis Ask Raw Materials
Pro-Nazi Influence
In Rumania Sought
BUCHAREST, March 15.-()-
King Carol II was reported in offi-
cial circles tonight to have balked
at Nazi Germany's scheme to pledge
Russia and Hungary to long guar-
antees of Rumania's frontiers in re-
turn for an unstemmed flow of Ru-
manian raw materials.
High quarters said the King was
adamant in his refusal to grant one
of Germany's conditions-that a
member of the pro-Nazi Iron Guaf
be included in the Rumanian cab-
Carol Fears 'Protector
Carol was represented as fearing
strongly that presence in his cabinet
of an avowed protector of Nazi in-
terests would be nothing more than
the beginning of the end of Ruma-
nia as, an independent state.
Gernfany was reported to have
emphasized that such a cabinet
change was vital to the general plan
of security Adolf Hitler has sug-
(Germany is deeply interested in
keeping Rumania out of war over
her World War won territory in or-
der that Rumania may give Ger-
many the oil, food and other things
Germany needs to fight the Allies.
Pro-Nazi influence within King
Carol's cabinet, naturally, would
make this economic help all the
easier, and would help stiff-arm the
Allied blockade efforts in the Bal-
kans. Both Russia and Hungary once
owned present Rumanian territory.)
Iron Guardists Conform
Today a delegation of Iron Guard-
ists imprisoned in 1938 took advan-
tage of royal clemency, pledged alle-
giance to King Carol and joined the
National Rebirth Party, only legal
political party in Rumania.
Further, Premier George Tatarescu
is scheduled to tell the nation in a
broadcast Sunday night that the Iron
Guard question has "solved itself"
and exists no more.
23 Trackmen
Seek Seventh
.Relays Crown
Varsity Favorite At Butler;
Canham Out To Regain
Form AfterBig Tens
Ken Doherty will throw 23 of his
Conference championship track team
into the Butler Relays tonight, and
out of the scramble will come, ac-
cording to the dopesters, Michigan's
seventh straight Relays crown.
Heading the parade of Wolverines
will be Don Canham, junior high-
jumper, who will be trying to get
back to his usual record-breaking
heights, after having an off-night
in Chicago and being stopped at 6
feet, 4 inches.
Next in the individual events will be
Stan Kelley, out to avenge his defeat
by Wisconsin's Ed Smith, this time

running both the high and low
hurdles along with his improving
junior teammate, Jeff Hall. In the
dash will be Al Smith, third in the
Conference Meet, and junior Bill Har-
nist, whose sprinting improvement is
one of the season's surprises.
Michigan will be heavily favored
to repeat in the only relay event
they won last year, the four mile
event. Capt. Ralph Schwarzkopf,
Brad Heyl, Karl Wisner and Ed Bar-
rett will try to break the record they
set just last year.
Also in the favorite's position will
be the one-mile team of Bob Barnard,
Jack Leutritz, Phil Balyeat, and War-
ren Breidenbach. The chief opposi-
(Continued on Page 3)
Governor Of Georgia
Arrested For Contempt
MACON, Ga., March 15.-()-
Gov. E. D. Rivers was arrested on a
Federal civil contempt citation to-
night in the Macon auditorium where
he was attending a meeting of the

Formal Approval
To Peace Treaty
Given B Finland

Will Be Topic
Of Gray Talk

q$30,000 Gift
To University
OK'd ByCourt
University officials learned today
that the Supreme Court of Michigan
has settled a will contest which had
tied up a $30,000 bequest to the Uni-
The high court yesterday affirmed
a lower court decision which favored
the University in a dispute over the
estate of the late Miss Effie M. Grif-
fith, alumnus of the University who
died Dec. 22, 1937.
Miss Griffith in her will designated
that her entire estate be left to the
University for the purpose of estab-
lishing a loan fund for junior and
senior girls. The fund was to be a
memorial to her parents.
The will was contested by several
of her part-cousins living in Niles,
Mich., who were Miss Griffith's clos-
est heirs except for Mrs. J. B. Quick,
a full cousin in Seattle, who refused
to bring suit.
Miss Griffith attended the Univer-
sity during her freshman and soph-
omore years, and lived in Ann Arbor
most of her life. She was 84 years
old at the time of her death.
Frank B. DeVine, Ann Arbor attor-
ney, represented the University in
the case.
23 Students Receive
Publication Award
Twenty-three students on three
student publications-The Daily,
Gargoyle, and 'Ensian-received $50
scholarships yesterday from the
Board in Control of Student Publi-
cations for having maintained a 'B'
average during four consecutive se-,
mesters of participation in one of
the publications.
The following received awards:
Robert Bogle, '41, Howard Goldman,
'41, Milton Orshefsky, '41, Carl Peter-
sen, '40, Hervie Haufler, '41, Stan

Nationally Known Leader
Of Cooperative Group
Was War Objector
Harold S. Gray, nationally known
conscientious-objector during the
World War, will speak on "Facing
Conscription" at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow
in the Union, under the auspices of
Michigan's Fellowship of Reconcilia-
tion, international organization of
Gray is also a nationally known
leader of the cooperative movement
and is founder and president of the
local Saline Valley Farms, a coop-
erative experiment.
Gray received wide publicity for
his refusal to be conscripted during
the World War. Basing his conscien-
tious objections on religious grounds,
he denied the right of the govern-
ment to conscript men for army ser-
vice. As a result he was imprisoned,
first in Leavenworth and later in
Alcatraz, under a life sentence. This.
was later reduced to 25 years at
hard labor, but he was released a
few months after the war, as were
most of the conscientious objectors,
by order of President Wilson.
His lecture will cover his exper-
iences during the last world war,
the problems facing youth in war-
time, and the status of conscription
in the United States today.
Botanist TaRks
On Vegetation
Homer L. Shantz Explains
Classification Methods
Homer L. Shantz, internationally
famed botanist and zoologist, yester-
day explained at Natural Science Au-
ditorium the varied methods by
which vegetation can be classified.
Shantz discussed "Vegetation,
What It Means," in an illustrated
University lecture sponsored by the
Michigan Academy of Science, Arts
and Letters.
Man first classified vegetation by
its physical appearance, Shantz ex-
plained, showing that this distinc-
tion was inadequate because many
forms of vegetation have a similar
Vegetation was classified, second-
ly, by its composition, he said, point-
ing out, however, that "This method
necessitates a knowledge of the pe-
culiarities of each individual plant."
Revealing that the "succession"
principle, or the stages through
which vegetation passes in the same
area, provides the third category,
Shantz maintained that reliance up-
on environment as a method of vege-
tation distinction is inadequate. "The
environmental method is so complex
that it is almost impossible to use,"
he said.
He stressed the importance of the
(Continued on Page 2)

Diet Accepts Provisions
After Debate By 145.3;
Troops Begin Exodus
Russian, Japanese
Clash IsReported
HELSINKI, March 15.-( )-The
Finnish Diet tonight put its formal
seal on the Russo-Finnish peace
treaty, approving its stringent terms
by 145 votes to 3.
"Our country, like the whole of
Europe-indeed the whole of West-
ern civilization-still is in the great-
est danger," Prime Minister Risto
Ryti told the Diet in a calm recital
which preceded the vote. "No one
,an say what tomorrow will bring."
"In the same way as we waged
war alone; in the same way we con-
2luded peace alone. Only the future
,an show whether we acted rightly
and wisely."
The three negative votes were cast
oy members of Finland's Swedish
party. Nine other members, who are
in the army, were not present to
cast their votes.
Vote Follows Deliberation
Told by Ryti that "to make peace
often calls for more courage than the
resort to war," the Parliament delib-
erated for 21/ hours, before voting.
By the time this happened the ar-
mies of Finland already had tramped
four miles, pressing ahead of them
100,000 refugees, along a zig-zag,
226-mile front, leaving behind the
rich industrial and farm areas which
will, henceforth, lie under the Soviet
hammer and sickle.
The Supreme Soviet of the USSR
is to meet on March 29 to approve
the treaty and, perhaps, to set up a
new Soviet Socialist Republic in the
territories which Finland has ceded
to Russia.
Explaining why Finland agreed to
peace at Russia's price, Ryti told the
Diet that the little republic was
fighting alone except for "merely a
few reinforced battalions, mostly
from Sweden."
Allies And Too Late
He said that the last-minute aid
offered by Britain and France could
not have reached Finland "earlier
than the end of April and the
trength of the troops then arriving
would have been so small as to be
insufficient, even, to make up for
casualties our own army would have
suffered in the meantime."
"By accepting this help," he ex-
plained further, "we would have
been drawn into the World War,
the duration of which is impossible
to predict with certainty.
As the combined military and ci-
vilian exodus began, Foreign Minis-
,er Vaino Tanner, in a broadcast to
he United States, appealed for con-
tinued aid in the work of recon-
Atruction which faces his nation.
Casualties Reported
In Russo-Jap Fight
TOYOHARA, Karafuto Island, Ja-
pan, March 16.--P--Soviet troops
were reported to have sustained more
Uhan a dozen casualties today in a
-iash between Russian and Japanese
border patrols near the Saghalien-
Karafuto boundary.
The Japanese said the Soviet pa-
trol opened fire without warning
when the two patrols met.
(The Island of Karafuto (or Sag-
halien) was occupied by Japanese
torces during the Russo-Japanese
war in August, 1905, and the acquisi-
tion by Japan of that part of the
island south of the fiftieth parallel
was confirmed by the Treaty of
Portsmouth, concluded between Ja-
pan and Russia in October of the
same year.)

'Hi-Falutin!' Goes On
Despite Pillow Setback
If Marion Conde has recovered
from the effects of an ultra; real-
istic pillow fight, the Junior Girls
Play, "Hi-Falutin!" will end its four-
day run at 8:30 p.m. today in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Miss Conde was the victim of in-
advertent laughter at Thursday

Religion Should Help In Struggle
Against Misery, Thomas Holds

By reason of the fundamental be-
liefs of Christianity, religion should
help in the fight to end human ex-
ploitation, Norman Thomas, veteran
Socialist leader, said yesterday in his
concluding campus address, given at
Lane Hall under the auspices of the
Student Religious Association.
The Church does not have to play
a role in politics, economics, discus-
sion forums or parties, Thomas
stressed. Rather, the Church has the
burden of dealing with what under-
lies human exploitation, wars and
racial discrimination. Religion, he
said, should help to furnish us with
the power to fight for the end of
human misery.
The old argument that people re-
ceive their rewards in Heaven and
that, therefore, the misery of human
life on earth is excusable is no longer
feasible, Thomas argued, since we
now have the resources, the power

as declared that it has not been con-
sistent at all with the golden rule
or the Sermon on the Mount. He
pointed to the "insensate hatred"
Martin Luther bore toward the pea-
sants during the Peasants War, and
to the blessings that the Church
has given throughout history to wars
and all types of princes.
As another example of the incon-
stancy of religion with the beliefs of
"The Prince of Peace," he pointed,
to the condoning of lynching in the
South, a region where the church-
going population percentage is the
country's highest.
Thomas discounted the value of
most of the "social gospel" preached
in the country's churches. Sermons'
of this type, he said, have been de-
livered mostly in vague generalities
and, consequently, carry little or no
weight. Such sermons, he held, must
deal with specific cases, otherwise
"sentimentality is mistaken for vir-

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