Oc~~asin now aantidcer
The U.S. An
Aid To China?.
VOL. L. No. 118 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MARCH 14, 194
PRICE FIVE CENTS
War Secretary Requested
To Testify Next Week
For House Committee
Roosevelt Calls In
WASHINGTON, March 13.-(P)-
The release of 400-mile-an-hour
Army fighting planes to European
belligerentsresulted today in a Con-
Secretary of War Woodring was
asked to appear before a House mili-
tary affairs subcommittee early next
week to explain a war department
policy which has permittedAmer-
ican manufacturuers to sell dupli-
cates of some of the Air Corps' new-
est war planes to Great Britain and
France. Major General George C.
Marshall, chief of staff, also will
be asked to testify.
President Roosevelt also turned ris
attention to problems arising from
Allied war orders-problems which
have developed differences among
some of his advisers. He called to
the White House cabinet officers and
technical experts concerned with the
war orders. There was no immediate
word as to what was said at the
The Army disclosed the release for
foreign sale of a second high-speed
fighter, a Lockheed P-38 two-motor
interceptor pursuit craft credited
with a top speed of 420 miles an hour
in a test flight. A Curtiss 1-40
fighter was released earlier.
The Navy said permission had been
given to sell foreign nations four of
its new planes.
Ranking Poet Dramatizes
Modern Works In Talk
Before 500 Townspeople
By LAURENCE MASCOTT
Through last night's slush and ice,
more than 500 townspeople, faculty-
men and students trekked to Rack-
ham Auditorium to hear Louis Un-
termeyer, ranking American poet and
anthologist, express the thesis that
here in contemporary America "a
new poetry, a new dynamic art is
Mr. Untermieyer will lecture
on "Old and New England" at
4:15 p.m. today in the Amphi-
theatre of the Rackham Building.
An informal discussion of the
lecture will be held at 4:15 p.m.
tomorrow in the East Conference
Room of the Rackham Building.
At times slowly and methodically,
at other times quickly and enthu-
siastically, but ever speaking on
terms his audience could compre-
hend, Mr. Untermeyer, emphasizing
the "American theme and the Amer-
ican idiom," informally dramatized
to his audience "the poetry of modi
ern America." '
The talk, "Poets of the Machine
Age," was a University lecture spon-
sored by the English department of
the engineering college.
"We should not talk of the ma-
chine versus the artist, but rather
the machine and the artist," Mr.
Untermeyer pointed out. "At first,
viewing as a sordid machine civil-
ization that world in which men, the
creators of the machine, were driven
by the very objects of their creation,
the poet retreated, withdrew into his
own private haven, his own 'ivory
But Mr. Untermeyer last night ar-
gued against that philosophy of po-
etic retreat. He maintained that re-'
treat by the poet was "an admission
(Continued on Page G)
Yoakum To Speak'
To 'Grad Council'
Dean Clarence S. Yoakum of the
Norman Thomas Will Discuss
Socialism In Speech Here Today
Finland Seeks Scandinavian Pact
Socialist Party Chairman
AlsoTeo Show Problems
Of Modern Democracy
"Does Democracy Need Social-
ism?" will be discussed by Norman
Thomas, presidential nominee on the
Socialist ticket and national chair-
man of the Socialist party, at 8 p.m.
today in the Natural Science Audi-
torium under the auspices of the
League for Liberal Action.
As co-editor of numerous publica-
tions for the League for Industrial
Democracy, the national socialiss
leader has contributed many articles
on social and economic problems
arising from the depression. The au-
thor of, "Is Conscience a Crime?"
and "America's Way Out," Mr.
Thomas is well known for his fight
to foster the spreading of socialist
doctrines in the United States,
Charles Buck, '40, president of the
Mr. Thomas has been prominent
in politics for more than a decade.
During that time he has been a
candidate once for the office of gov-
ernor of New York, twice for mayor
Ross C tts
'Policy Of Peace'
of New York City and three times
for president of the United States.
Tickets for Mr. Thomas' lecture,
the fourth in a series of six, can be
purchased at the door, Buck stated.
Owen Gear, Congregational minis-
ter, will speak March 20, on "The
Rights and Responsibilities of La-
bor." Tucker Smith's discussion
March 28, on "Labor and Mass Pro-
duction," will conclude the series.
'Story Magazine' Offers
$100 Prize To Winner
In National Competition
Entries in the preliminary short
story contest being conducted by
Perspectives, campus literary maga-
zine, must be submitted before mid-
night today, according to James Al-
len, '40, and Harvey Swados, '40,
co-editors. The two winning manu-
scripts are to be entered in the se-
venth annual "Story Magazine" all-
Scripts must be typed and double-
spaced with the number of words
recorded and may be handed in at
the Student Publications Building,
or at the English or engineering Eng-
lish department offices. In addition
to competition entries, other types
of material for publication in Per-
spectives must also be submitted to-
day at the aforementioned places.
or to Hervie Haufler, '41, fiction ed-
itor; David Spengler, '40, essay ed-
itor; James Green, '40, poetry editor;
or Edwin G. Burrows, Grad., book re-
"Story" is offering $100 as a first
prize and $50 for the second in a
national competition. It will accept
only those stories that have been
endorsed by the University through
the preliminary contest, and reserves
the right to allow reprinting of the
winning selections in short story an-
Soviet Mlilitary Command
Claims Fall Of Viipuri
After Two-Hour Assault
In Other Sectors
MOSCOW, March 14 (Thursday( .
-(A)-The Russian military com-
mand early today announced its
troops, in a two-hour assault just
before yesterday's armistice, had cap-
tured the city of Viipuri, which goes
to Russia anyway by the peace trea-
ty with Finland.
While the Soviet people and press
hailed the peace treaty as a great
triumph for Joseph Stalin's "policy
of peace" and a shattering blow to
British and French "imperialist"
plans to spread the war all over
Europe, the Leningrad military com-
mand issued this communique:
"13th March: at 7 a.m., after two
hours of storming, the Soviet troops
occupied the town of Viipuri. On
other sectors of the front there was
nothing important up to 12 noon.
At 12 noon Leningrad time hostilties
ceased on all sectors of the front in
conformity with the peace treaty."
The Russians laid siege to Viipuri
immediately after the fall of the
Koivisto forts on Feb. 24.
The Kremlin made no effort to
conceal its satisfaction that the dic-
tated peace with Finland was the
greatest defeat to Great Britain in
May Be Filed Today
Robert Rosa, Grad., declined to
run for reelection as president of
the American Student Union in a
statement read to the membership
at a meeting held last night in An-
Declaring that he did not suppor
all the points of the ASU peace pro-
gram, Rosa, who had led the unsuc-
cessful fight two weeks ago to have
the local chapter brand Russia's war
against Finland an act of aggression,
said he did not wish to be consid-
ered officially responsible for the en-
It was decided to set up boxes in
Angell Hall lobby and in the lobby
of the General Library today to re-
ceive further nominations for of-
fices to be filled. Nominations will
close at 5 p.m. Voting will be con-
ducted at the table in the library
from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. tomorrow.
f t100 200
Vi-u 1 .,,z'
't r "'
ang e S +
The Russo-Finnish peace treaty ending their 105-day-old unde-
clared war gave Russia the entire Karelian Isthmus (1) and 'ie '
uncaptured city of Viipuri. Russia also gained a 30-year lease on the
southwestern Finland "Gibraltar" of Hanko (2) and the far north
Sredni and Rybachi peninsulas (3). During the year a railway cutting
Finland in half above her narrow waist will be build from Kandalaska
'4 to Kemijarvi (5), eastern terminus of the Finnish railway westward
from the Gulf of Bothnia.
Russian Gains In Peace With Finns Foreign Minister Tanner
Declares His Country
Is Too Small' To Resists
America For Aid
HELSINKI, March 13.-(P)-Fin-
land, mourning its peace with the
grief of the vanquished, was given
hope tonight of saving its independ-
ence and protecting its short bor-
ders through the prospect of a de-
fensive pact with Sweden and Nor-
way and was exhorted by its gov-
ernment to rise from its "state of
mutilation" through unity.
Foreign Minister Vaino Tanner,
after a national broadcast ,to the
people, told the foreign press that
conversations looking to a defensive
alliance with the two large Scan-
dinavian states, already arranged
but halted by the war, would be
started soon. The initiative in this,
he said, came from Finland.
Earlier, with their mourning
etched black against a background
of softly falling snow, the Finns
had heard Tanner declare that Fin-
land's defense against Russia had
foundered on the "unwillingness or
inability" of Sweden and Norway,
(and behind them the Western Al-
lies) to send troops or allow troops
to cross their soil.
"All that can be said against us,"
he added, sadly, "is that as a nation
we are too small."
The defensive alliance, if it is
effected, would be intended to pro-
tect the independence 'and boun-
daries of Sweden, Norway an4 Fin-
land from aggression-mainly, it is
presumed, Russian or German.
Tanner, to the newspapermen, de-
nied that the Western Powers had
pressed Finland to continue the war;
gave them thanks for "large quan-
tities" of war material "although
they had no obligation to Finland"
and expressed gratitude to the
United States for monetary aid and
for the volunteers who have come
Asked if he though today's peace
was an interlude, he replied: "I
He disclosed, however, that this
"unhappy peace" was made without
consultation with the army com-
"Peace," he explained, "is a po-
litical question. We did not ask the
army headquarters about it. The
only thing we asked was the position
on the front."
Despite the treaty stipulation for
ratification by the Finnish Diet
within three days, Tanner said this
might take two weeks.
D. T. Niles To Talk
On Religion Today
D. T. Niles, Christian leader from
Ceylon, India, will speak at a lunch-
eon given by the Student Religious
Association at 12:15 p.m. today and
at an informal discussion tonight,
both at Lane Hall. Reservations for
the luncheon may be made by calling
the Student Religious Association.
Scheduled to speak on "Youth and
the Christian Faith Today," Mr. Niles
is well known as a youth leader and
as secretary of the World's Commit-
tee of the YMCA. On his present tour
of North America, he is visiting
Christian youth groups in universities
and other centers throughout the
As the third in a series of book re-
views being sponsored by the Student
Religious Association, Prof. Robert
Angell, of the sociology department,
will review T. S. Eliot's "The Idea of
a Christian Society," at 4:15 p.m. to-
morrow, in Lane Hall.
A 50c Investment
W MATTON Twn-rnm fur-
The sparkplug and high point
scorer of this year's hockey team,
Charley Ross was selected by his
teammates last night to captain the
1940-41 squad. He succeeds the col-
orful Eldon "Spike" James.
Coach Eddie Lowrey also an-
nounced 11 letter winners and the
selection of Russell Carey, Niles, as,
A sixty-minute player in every
game, Ross scored 12 goals and made
two assists to pace the Wolverines
from his defense post throughout
It was characteristic for Charley
to grab the puck in his own defense
zone, swing around his net gaining
speed, skate into enemy territory and
let fly with one of his blazing'-shots,
by far the hardest on the team:
His most successful night came
against the Paris A. C., the last game
played at the Coliseum this season.
(Continued on Page 3)
SHANGHAI, March 14 (Thursday)
-P)--Resumption of fighting be-
tween Soviet Russian and Japanese
troops on the Nomonhan front on
the border of Outer Mongolia was
reported here today in unconfirmed
advices from Manchoukuo.
Fighting in that area was ended
last September by an armistice.
. Ileneman Discusses Terms
Will Give Talk.
Vegetation Will Be Topic
Of Address Tomorrow
Homer L. Shantz, expert botanist
and zoologist, will discuss "Vegeta-
tion, What It Means," at 4:15 p.m.
tomorrow in Natural Science Audi-
The talk, a University lecture spon-
sored by the Michigan Academy of
Science, Arts and Letters, is open to
Shantz has been head of the Divi-
sion of Wild Life Management in the
National Forest Service since 1936.
He served previously as an investi-
gator with the Bureau of Plant Indus-
try of the Department of Agriculture,
an dis the author of numerous pub-
lications dealing with plant physiolo-
gy and with natural vegetation and
its value as an indication of the agri-
cultural capabilities of land.
Russian gains in the terms of the
new Finnish-Soviet peace treaty
leave Finland's independence almost
at the mercy of Moscow, Prof. Har-
low J. Heneman of the political sci-
ence department commented yester-
day in an interview.
Weesner Receives Editorship
At Technic Dinner Last Night
George W. Weesner, '41E, was ap-
pointed editor-in-chief of the Mich-
igan Technic last night at the an-
nual Technic staff banquet in the
League, which featured the present-
ation of 18 keys for outstanding
work during the past year and the
announcement of the staff for the
Weesner, Harold E. Britton, newly
appointed business manager, Sey-
more A. Furbush, managing editor,
and Charles R. Tieman, editorial di-
rector, all '41E, will comprise the
publications board for the 1940-41
The Russian army could at any
time use its newly-won territories
as bases for further attacks to com-
pletely snuff out Finnish national
existence, he explained. He noted
that the concessions finally made in-
volved even more territory than Rus-
sia had demanded last fall, thus
indicating a flat victory for the So-
viets. In view of these facts, he
raised the question of the futility of
the Finnish effort, which has done
the country actually more harm than
Acceptance of the new treaty com-
pletes a major step in Russia's cam-
paign to consolidate her defensiv,
position in the west, Professor Hene-
man observed. He pointed to large
concessions to Russia in Esthonia,
Latvia and Lithuania, as well as the
partition of Poland, as other indica-
tions of the Soviet drive to strength-
en her western defenses.
This objective was to be accom-
plished by the establishment of Rus-
sian air and naval bases to the west'
of Russia's western boundaries, Pro-
fessor Heneman explained. He re-
-n1nr fla t is nlrc - ra frst nn
firmed in another Molotov address
(Oct. 31) to the same body.
In these same speec'nes, Professor
Heneman observed,dMolotov warned
Finland and Sweden that Russia
would tolerate no fortification of the
vital Aaland Islands, in a strategic
position just at the mouth of the
Gulf of Finland. (Finland had just
communicated to Sweden her plan
to fortify these islands.) And, ad-
mittedly Russia is in a better posi-
(Continued on Pare 61
Michigan Arts Academy Opens
Annual Parley Here Tomorrow
Have you ever wanted to know
about the sense of humor among the
Pueblo Indians or perhaps the ef-
fects of the European War on Amer-
ican trade? Have you ever wanted
to know about anything? Your
chance has come because the odds
are very favorable for your finding
your question listed for discussion
in the 45th Annual Meeting of the
language and literature, psychology
Under consideration at this year's
meeting is a plan for establishing a
section on folklore in the Academy.
Heading the Michigan Folklore
Group which will serve as the test-1
ing ground for such a section is
Prof. Ivan H. Walton, of the engin-
eering college. Professor Walton will