THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 13, 1940
PAG11~ rorn WEDNESOAY, MAIWH 13, 1940
"IE MICHIGAN DAILY
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NIGHT EDITOR: PAUL M. CHANDLER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
In SRA Lectures .. .
T HE STUDENT Religious Association
has brought to a close another ser-
ies of lectures by nationally known speakers who
this year discussed the question, "The Existence
and Nature of Religion." There were four men
in the series, Prof. Anton J. Carlson of the
University of Chicago, Prof. Walter M. Horton
of Oberlin College, the Rev. Paul Hanley of
Catholic University and Rabbi Louis L. Main
of Chicago's Sinai Temple and the University
All the speakers presented interesting and
informative talks and were well-received. All
the lectures were quite well integrated unties.
The question that comes to the listener's mind,
however, is, "Were all the men speaking on
the same subject?"
Broadly speaking; each man took as his text
the title posed by the SRA-"The Existence
and Nature of Religion." And it must be ad-
mitted that all spoke on this subject. But, as
is often the case when dealing with broad sub-
jects, the lecturers frequently went off on tan-
gents, not confining themselves merely to the
questions raised by previous speakers. Professor
Carlson, taking what may be termed the view-
point of a scientist, gave some of the reasons
why he could not believe in institutionalized
religion, and his reasoning was based on the
failure. of religion to prove its -claims scientific-
ally. He said little about those scientists who
are neverthelessm most religious, and, at a few
points, he did not stop to prove conclusively his
statements. Altogether however, his lecture was
helpful to the University student since it posed
and attembted to answer, several of the doubts
held by most normal, developing college students.
COLLEGE studlents Want to know, to clear
some of the puzzling questions confronting
them. For some, Professor Carlson prvided an
answer. But, for a great many othes, the doubt
increased greatly in consequence of this lec-
ture. And, so, they went to the subsequent lec-
tures, hoping that some of those questions
would be answere. But the only speaker to
deal specifically with the faults in religion
that Professor Carlson found was the Catholic
speaker, Father Furfey .
Father Furfey based his reply on the place
of taith in the Catholic's system of beliefs and
held that if one has it, he can believe in all the
dogma of the church. His objections to Professor
Carlson's stand were quite logical and well-
presented, but listeners felt that one had first
to be a Catholic before he could hold with Father
Furfey. If one had the Faith of which Father
Furfey spoke, he could believe in religion, but
how to get that Faith is perplexing. The non-
believer can see that the Catholic has perfect'
reason to believe in the way he does, but how
can the non-believer, himself, become religious?
That was not answered;
GAIN, Professor Horton and Rabbi Mann
delivered excellent lectures in which a more
personal religion was explained. That in which
one believes is some sort of religion, and no
man can go long without one. This is probably
true, but it brings one no closer to an appre-
hension of the value of institutionalized religion.
The opinion that a collection of one's beliefs
and ethics is ene's religion is perfectly legiti-
mate, but, in the end, it concerns definition
annhr That man who snake ue nf ceartain hlifs'
'War looM Economy
And Relief .. .
WAS last September that Neville
Chamberlain read his famed "war
message" to Parliament and to the world, and
America realied that once again Euruope was at
war. That knowledge unquestionably deeply
pained the American people. But that pain was
For, to the American nation which in the
early fall has just experienced its tenth year
of almost incessant depression, a new war in
Europe rekindled hope for immediate recovery.
And "war boom" became the by-word of the
moment, promising a panacea to all of the
nation's economic ills.
Though most of the nation realized that a
war boom was economically unsound, that it
must inevitably result in another depression,
perhaps far worse than the present one, the
U.S. of September, 1939, was willing to gamble.
With its fingers crossed and its hope reinvig-
orated, with its President and Congress basing
much of the relief slashes on the assumption
that the "war boom" would take up the indus-
trial slack, the nation eagerly awaited an eco-
nomic renaissance based upon sales to belligerent
T ODAY, March, 1940, it becomes increasingly
evident that the expected "war boom" has not
materialized. There was, of course, a marked
up-swing in business activity in the latter part
of 1939, a rise based upon the expectations of
great war orders. But in 1940 business has
again slumped. According to the Federal Reserve
Bulletin for March of this year: "In Janaury
and February business activity declined from
the high level reached in the last quarter of
1939. Industrial production, and particularly
output of steel and some other basic materials,
decreased contrary to the usual seasonal trends.
Consequently, the Board's seasonally adjusted
index, which fluctuates to a large extent with
output of basic materials, fell sharply from a
peak of 128 in December to 119 in January, and,
according to preliminary estimates, to 109 in
February. Employment and payrolls and dis-
tribution of commodities have also declined
In the Federal Reserve Bulletin for February,
it is pointed out: "In the steel industry ingot
output has declined from the exceptionally high
rate of 90 per cent of capacity during the end
of 1939 to about 77 per cent toward the end of
January. The high rate of output in the fourth
quarter (end of 1939) was in response to a large
volume of orders received in September and
October mainly from domestic buyers wishing
to assure themselves of ample supplies at exist-
THE eagerly awaited "war boom", then, has
not materialized; nor does it seem likely that
any form of "war boom" will eventuate as long
as Britain remains firm in its buying policies,
For it can be justly said that it is Britain's
war-time buying policies that are fundamentally
responsible for the failure of American business
to receive war orders.
First, Britain has maintained a policy of buy-
ing, as much as possible, within the Empire.
In the present war, Britain, more than ever
before ,needs the utmost. support from everyone
of her dominions and colonies. England, there-
fore, knowing that economic ties are the strong-
est links in the Empire, must buy as much as
possible from her dominions (even if those
goods could be bought at better quality and
lower prices in the United States), in orde
first, to keep the dominions dependent upon
the "mother country," and, second, as a mild
form of subsidy to gain military support.
SECONDLY, England has been using her buy'
ing power as a means toward the attainment
of military and political ends. The recently
concluded Turkish-British alliance well exem-
plifies this practice. Under one of the main
terms of this agreement, England contracted
to buy Turkish tobacco to take the place of
British iniports of American tobacco. In this
case, Turkey's aid as an ally was considered,
under war-time exigencies, far more important
than the Englishman's taste for American to-
Nor has the outbreak of war greatly helped
America's exports to South America. It was ex-
pected that Britain's blockade would prevent
German trade with the Latin-American nations
and that Britain too, under the demands of a
war-economy, would be forced to forego much
of its trade with Soith America. German trade,
as was expected, ceased almost entirely with
South: America; but rather than the U.S. taking
over the German trade, Britain has assumed
The failure of a war boom to eventuate,
therefore, makes the slashing of relief appra--
priations an even greater fallacy. For it was to
a great extent upon the assumption of greater
business activity due to war orders, that the
President and Congress acted in cutting relief.
And when that "war boom" fails to materialize,
the tragedy of relief curtailment becomes more
apparent.-- Laurence Mascott
Editorial Fiom The Past
With another excellent and diversified pro-
gram already mapped out, the thirty-third
meeting of the Michigan Academy of Science,
Arts, and Letters will convene in Ann Arbor
on Thursday, Friday and Saturday of this
week. During the three-day meeting more than
100 papers will be contributed by members of
Devoted as it is to the interests of research
and diffusion of knowledge, the annual meeting
of the Academy has always proved to be one
of the most memorable meetings in the year.
A general concensus of opinion on the various
problems in the field of philosophy, sociology,
history, economics. and many other sciences.
Of ALL Things...
STRANGE things are going on. Strange things
have been going on for a long while. But
now even stranger things are going on. Reports
frohi New York say that, in the past few days,
thousands of young men have applied for pass-
ports to go to England. Now, England is a na-
tion at war; the Atlantic Ocean, what with
mines, submarines and mermaids is not exactly
the safest place in the world; and England it-
self Isn't the most pleasant spot on the globe t
visit at this particular time. Then why are all
these young men clamoring to go abroad? As
was mentioned above: strange things are going
Well, Mr. Q. believes he has the answer and,
as usual he offers it to his faithful readers at
no increase in prices. A short time ago, the
British Army command issued an order, refer-
ring to various colored pass tickets and how
they should be displayed and so forth. In part,
the order reads:
Members of the Women's Auxiliary Terri-
toral Service will show their pink forms
when called upon to do so.
Gangway, when does that next boat leave!
THE power of the press is sometimes amazing.
It can make or break. It molds and unmolds.
It shapes and disshapes. It is, in truth, a power-
ful force. And especially is the Michigan Daily
a potent organ. Take last Sunday's May Fes-
tival Supplement, for example. For almost 15
years Rudolf Serkin has gone along, content
with being one of the world's foremost concert
pianists. He was very happy. He liked hiLs
work. The piano and Rudolf got along famously.
But then this terrific and amazing power that
The Daily wields went into action and there
appeared a story in the supplement with this
Serkin Made Debut
As Violin Soloist
When 12 Years Old
Poor Rudolf! All those years of faithful and
diligent work gone to pot. And now he must
scrape a fiddle all because The Daily has to be
a powerful organ.
FROM Northwestern, Mr. Q.'s agents report
this amusiing tale: It seems a graduate stu-
dent was going about his merry graduate way
when he received a notice from the dean's office
to the effect he was no longer a graduate stu-
dent. He was, of course, a little amazed, so he
hurried to the dean's office and faced that gen-
tlemari somewhat in a daze. He was duly in-
formed there was a little matter of gym work
that he had neglected to do and which would
have to be made up.
Now this graduate student-or rather, former
graduate studerit-wasn't exactly the athletic
type; in fact, he thought it was all kind of silly
and futile. So, he propositioned one of his more
muscular friends to take a jaunt down to the
gym a couple of times a week to do the required
work. Welt, everything went fine; the work was
completed and the former graduate was once
again an honest-to-goodness alumnus. And
once again he went along his merry graduate
A few days after his reinstatement, he received
another administrative call, this time from the
head of the freshman gym staff. He went to
the office, prepared to face the worst; "they've
found out," he thought, envisioning leaving
school to go to work.
The gym director greeted him very cordially,
however, and pounded him on the back as he
entered the office.
"Well, young man, how do you feel? Why,
you look wonderful! That work was just what..
you needed, wasn't it?"
So the -graduate student left the gym, drew
in a few breaths of air and went home to slee'
Sharp and bitter division between majority
and minority members of the special House
committee that has turned in a preliminary re-
port on its investigation of the National Labor
Relations Board is evidence of the extremely
controversial nature of the issue. It prefigures
a fierce and acrimonious struggle.
Amending the Wagner Act is, nevertheless.
a subject that demands earnest consideration
and determined effort toward a piractical settle-
ment. It is well that the question is at last
squarely before the Congress. It was Congress
that plunged the nation into this controversy
when, hastily and bunglingly, it fashioned and
endorsed the present unworkable law. The
courts, including the Supreme Court, have by
every hint less blunt than outright command,
sought to persuade Congress that it must correct
its own mistakes.
The public's attitude upon central issues of
the controversy has also been made abundantly
clear. And it can be said for the majority recom-
mendation that in a number of respects, notably
in its effort to separate the judicial and prospec-
tive functions of the board, it seeks to give ex-
pression to a popular demand. Yet in other
respects the objections of the minority will be
sustained by a large section of popular opinion.
Cool-headed citizens will not at this time, we
think, permit themselves to become too emotion-
ally involved in controversies inspired by spe-
cific sections of a prelimiinary report. Judgment
needs to be reserved, at least, until the commit-
tee .makes good its promise to provide a full
outline of reasons for each recommendation.
It is by no means sure that some entirely dif-
WASHINGTON-One of the most
significant factors behind the Fin-
nish-Russian peace maPgeuvers is
that they have been inspired in
large part by the invisible hand of
the No. 2 Nazi, Field Marshal Her-
Acting for him is the most power-
ful man in Scandinavia, Axel Wen-
ner Gren, who has been a close
friend of the German Air Minister
ever since Goering married his first
wife, the niece of Swedish Baron
Rosen. Somewhere in the Finnish-
Russian peace picture also (though
the State Department denies it) may
be Sumner Welles'.
Wenner Gren, who controls the
Bofors munitions company and is
the richest man in Sweden, was on
his yacht, the Southern Cross, in
the harbor of Nassau a few weeks
ago when he received a coded mes-
sage from Goering. The cable asked
him to take the same ship as Welles
took on his peace mission.
Wenner Gren flew to New York,
boarded the Rex, and when he got
to Rome,.saw Mussolini before Welles
Then he proceeded through Swit-
zerland with Welles to Berlin, where
he still ris and where he has been
throwing his weight behind an early
Business ganmst War
Goering's and Wenner Gren's in-
terest in Finnish peace is easy to
understand. F om the viewpoint of
the German army it would be just
as disastrous to have Russia sweep
through Finland and perhaps on to
Sweden, as to have the Allies organ-
ize an expeditionary force to stop
In either case, Sweden's rich iron
deposits wolud fall into the hands
of a foreign power.
What the German army wants is
a relatively tranquil Russia, from
which Germany can draw raw ma-
terials. Also, the longer Russia is
forced to continue fighting, the more
vulnerable she becomes in the south,
where are located the rich Batum
oil fields, now invaluable to Ger-
Similarly, an Allied expeditionary
force sent through Sweden, perhaps
turning that country into a battle-
field, would ruin the Wenner Gren
interests. He is chairman of the
Swedish Celullose Company, took
over a large part of the Krueger in-
terests, and heads the Electrolux
company, Swedish parent of the
American subsidiaries which make
vacuum cleaners and refrigerators.
Note-The peace activity of Axel
Wenner Gren illustrates the attitude
of big business in both Wall Street
and London's City. Unlike the case
in the last war, American bankers
are ardent rooters for peace. This
time not they but Uncle Sam,
through Jesse Jones, is lending the
money. Not only is there no dough
in war, but if Nazi-Communism
wins, the capitalistic systems stands
Hugh Wilson, who was recalled as
U.S. Ambassador to Germany, hasn't
a chance of going back. 'He has de-
cided to gamble on a Republican
victory next November. and has been
flirting with the Republican National
Committee. Roosevelt is down on
him . . . Axel Wenner Gren, although
a friend of Goering's, is quite pro-
American. His dark-eyed, fascinat-
ing wife comes from Kansas City .. .
The Wenner Gren yacht, rescued
376 of the Athenia survivors last
September . . . Also the Southern
Cross, was the home of Greta Garbo
during her recent stay in Florida
and Bahamian waters. On it Greta
ate copiously instead of dieting. Her
dietician was trying to get her to
put more weight around her shoul-
ders . . . Greta's wardrobe aboard
the Southern Cross was so meagre
that she wore slacks most of the
time. hardly had an evening dress.
Friends attributed this to the fact
that she never goes shopping-that
means being starred at.
If and when new ambassadors are
exchanged between the United States
and Germany-as now seems prob-
able-the man most likely to go to
Berlin as U.S. envoy is a Quaker
named Clarence Pickett.
Pickett is head of the American
Friends Service Committee, a friend
of Mrs. Roosevelt's and also close to
Myron Taylor, ex-chairman o
United States Steel and now Amer-
ican peace negotiator at the Vat-
Pickett's appointment as Ambas-
sador to Germany is being promoted
by these two powerful friends on the
ground that the United States need,
someone in Berlin who is in touch
not merely with Nazi officialdom
(Continued from Page 2)
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
Michigan Civil Service examinations.
Last date for filing application is
noted in each case:
Institution Recreation Instructor
B, salary range $105-125, March 23.
Institution Recreation Instructor
A2, salary range $115-135, March 23.
Institution Recreation Instructor
Al, salary range $140-160, March
Library Assistant B, salary range
$105-125, March 23.
Library Assistant A, salary range
$130-150, March 23.
Psychiatric Social Worker Al, sal-
ary range $130-150, March 23.
Psychiatric Social Worker Al, sal-
ary range $140-160, March 23.
Occupational Therapist A2, salary
range $115-135, March 23.
Furniture Draftsman Al (open to
men only), salary range $140-160,
Complete announcements on file
at the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall. Office hours: 9-12
School of Education Seniors: The
last opportunity to pay class dues will
be Thursday, March 14, from 9 to -3
o'clock, at the School of Education,
opposite the elevator on the first
floor, or opposite Room 2442 in the
University Elementary School, on the
Varsity Glee Club: The following
men have been selected for, and are
expected to go on the Spring Trip.
Whitney, Connor, Gibson, Liima-
tainen, Sorenson, George Brown, Ha-
beraecker, Landis, J. George, C.
Brown, Ossewaarde, Mattern, Fromm;
Luxan, Hines, Gell, Mason, Peterson,
Rector, Berger, Penn, Heininger,
MacIntosh, Allen, Tobin, Secrist,
Scherdt, Kelly, Crowe, 'tittle, Re-
pola, Steere, Erke, Vandenberg, Pin-
In addition to these men the fol-
lowing will also be expected to at-
tend rehearsals for the rest of the,
Holt, Strickland, Loessel, Muller,
Hardy, Stephenson, Lovell, Shale,
Philosophy 34 will meet in 2225 An-
gell Hall on Friday.
Organ Recital: Palmer Christian,
University organist, assisted by Thel-
na Newell, violinist, and Helen Titus,
pianist, will give a recital this after-
noon at 4:15 o'clock, in Hill Audi-
torium, to which the general public
University Lecture: Mr. Homer L.
Shantz, Chief of the Division of Wild
Life Management in the Forest Serv-
ice in Washington, D.C., will lecture
on "Vegetation, What It Means" un-
der the auspices of the Michigan
Academy of Science, Arts, and Let-
ters, at 4:15 p.m. on Friday, March
15, in the Natural Science Auditor-
ium. The public is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Mr. Louis Un-
termeyer, Poet and Anthologist, will
lecture on "Poets of the Machine
Age" at 8:15 tonight in the Rackham
Lecture Hall. This lecture will be
under the auspices of the Department
of English in the College of Engineer-
ing. The public is cordially invited.
Mr. Louis Untermeyer schedule:
Today: Informal discussion ("Pio-
neers and Liberators"). 4:15 p.m
Men's Lounge, Rackham Building.
University Lecture: "Poets of. the
Machine Age." 8:15 p.m. Rackham
Thursday, March 14. Lecture: "Olk
and New England." 4:15 p.m. Rack-
Friday, March 15. Informal dis-
cussion ("Old and New England").
4:15 p.m. East Conference Room:
Pharmacy Lecture: Dr. Frank B.
Kirby, Director of Education, Abbott
Laboratories, will give an illustratev
l ecture on "The Cascara Country"
Thursday evening, March 14, at.7:30
Room 151, Chemistry Building. Thi%
lecture will be under the auspice:
of the Apothecaries Club of the Col-
lege of Pharmacy. The public i
Dr. Raphael Isaacs will give ar
f illustrated lecture entitled "Is Ther
A Jewish Type?" at the Hillel Foun
. dation on Thursday, March 14, a'
8:00 p.m. The public is cordially in"
'r. F. W. Gravit will give the fift]
s lecture on the Cercle Francais pro
Z gram: "La vie romanesque de Tan
, crede de Rhan" today at 4:15, Roor
neering Seminar for graduate stu-
dents today at 4:00 p.m., in Room
3201 E. Engr. Bldg. Mr. Allen Smith
will speak on "Application of the
Theorem of Corresponding States to
The Pre-Medical Society will meet
today at 5:10 p.m. in the East Am-
phitheatre of the West Medical
Building. All interested pre-medics
Phi Sigma business meeting 8:00
tonight in Outing Club Room, Rack-
ham Building. Elections of new mem-
bers and officers for next year. All
actives urged to be present.
A.S.M.E. meeting tonight at 7:30
in the Rackham Amphitheatre. A
four reel talkie, "The Hottest Flame
in the World," describing the de-
velopment of atomic hydrogen weld-
ing, will be presented. Mr. H. P.
Doud, the General Electric welding
specialist for the Detroit area, will
give a short talk pertaining to the
film, and answer all questions.
Hiawatha Club will meet tonight
at 8:00 in the Union. W. F. Rams-
dell of the School of Forestry will
talk on "The Possible Uses of Land in
the Upper Peninsula." Refreshments.
International Center: The program
of recorded music to be given at the
Center this evening, at 7:30 will be
as follows: Mendelssohn's Concerto
in E Minor (played by Menuhin) and
Schubert's Symphony No. 7 in C
Seminar in Oriental R llgions:
Confucianism will be discussed by
Ang Tsung Liu at the third meeting
of the Seminar, Lane Hall, 7:30 to-
night. All interested students invit-
Open House, Barbour Gymnasium
tonight, 7:30-9:30. Special guests in-
vited are residents of Adams House
and the League Houses in Zone .
All students welcome.
Fellowship of Reconciliation: Reg-
ular meetings to plan pacifist.action
will be held Wednesday evenings at
7 p.m. in the Lane Hall Conference
Room. New projects will be decided
upon this week.
Mimes meeting tonight at 8 o'clock
in the Union. All members must be
The class in Jewish History will
meet at the Hillel Foundation tonight
Michigan Dames: Drama group is
meeting in the home of Mr s. Carl
V. Weller, 11:30 Fair Oaks Parkway,
tonight at 8 o'clock.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Graduate Students: A meeting will
be held Thursday, Mar. 14, at 7:30
p.m. in the Amphitheatre of the
Rackham Building to discuss plans
for the formation of a graduate coun-
cil. The purpose of the council would
be to promote and cordinate gradu-
ate activities, both social and edu-
cational, and to better relations be-
tween graduate students and faculty.
Your attendance is necessary to as-
sure success. If unable to attend,
please indicate your interest by sign-
ing list at the Information Desk in
the Rackham Building.
International Center: At the con-
ference of representatives of the fac-
ulties of fifteen foreign colleges and
universities held last Saturday at the
Center, it was decided to continue the
discussion of some of the problems
in international education of com-
mon interest to the group. The sec-
ond conference will, therefore, be
held this coining Saturday from 2 to
4 at the Center. These conferences
are primarily for foreign students
in the University who have served
on the faculties of schools, colleges,
or universities in countries outside
the continental United States. Other
students interested in educational
problems will be welcome to attend,
though the discussion is limited to
those constituting the conference.
President Walter L. Wright, Jr., of
Robert College and the Istanbul Wo-
men's College, Istanbul, Ttrkey, will
bc the speaker at the program at
the Center next Sunday evening at
Pi Lambda Theta's guest tea which
was to be held this week, will be post-
poned till Thursday, March 28.
Glider Club will show a 1-hour
colored film on "The 1939 National
Soaring Contest at Elmira," on Thurs-
day, March 14, 7:30 p.m. in Room
;48, West Engineering Building.
Members requested to attend and the
public is welcome.
The Verdi Requiem will be sung
Tuesday evening, March 19, at 8:15