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January 27, 1939 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-01-27

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Dait

Editorial
A Code
For Cyclists
in lection ?Procediz'e -

VOL. XLIX. No. 91

Z-323

ANN ARBOR, ICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JAN. 27, 1939

PRICE FiVE CENTS

._ t

Epidemic

Threat

New Curfew
For Freshman
Women Is Set;

Perils SurvTivors
O f Chilean Quake

Judiciary Council
Permission To
A.M. Week-Day

Li nits
9:30
Nights

Hundreds Of Bodies Lyin
In City Streets; Rescw
Workers Help Refugees
Estimates Of Dead

Where Quake Hit

As High As 12,000
SANTIAGO, Jan. 26.-(!P)-Inabili-
ty to remove hundreds of bodies from
the debris of earthquake-shattered
cities raised a new threat of disease
today in South Central Chile where
rescue workers strove to aid survivors
of the disaster which spread death
and destruction Tuesday night.
Estimates of the dead ranged from
an admittedly incomplete toll of 4,-
000 to 12,000.
By train, plane and boat doctors
and nurses were rushed to the strick-
en area with food and medical sup-
plies to alleviate the sufferings of sur-
vivors while rescue workers dug
through great masses of debris.
Ha1rest hit was the Concepcion-
S Chilangdistrict 250 miles south of
Santiago ,
Death Toll High
In Chillan alone between 3,000 and
4,000 persons were said to have been
killed, 300 of them when a theatre
collapsed. A physician who flew over
the city said he saw only five houses
standing in the 144 blocks which
comprised the city of 40,000 inhabi-
tants
Concepcion was said to be "60 per
cent" destroyed. Aviators who flew
over the city agreed with reports 2,000
had been killed there. Radio reports
said "perfect order and discipline"
wre being maintained in the face of
disaster.
Incomplete information filtering
through by radio, plane and from ref-
ugees said tremendous damage had
been wrought in Talca, Cauquennes,
San ..Carols , Parral, ,Quirihue, and
other towns of the rich agricultural
area.
Hundreds of motor cars and other
vehicles were streaming north bring-3
ing injured and refugees fleeing the
earthquake zone.
Martial Law Prevails
With martial law in effect,sauthori-
ties forbade anyone but doctors,
nurses and other relief workers to go
beyond Linares, 50 miles north of
Chillan. Workers hastily repaired
damaged railway lines, but it was be-
lieved rail travel could not be resumed!
for at least six days.
A Pan-American Grace plane wasj
dispatched from Santiago to takeJ
President Pedro Aguirre Cerda on a
survey flight from devastated Chillan
to Concepcion and other damaged1
areas before returning to Santiago.
Scott Nearing
To Talk Tod
Economic Future, World,
Scene T Be Topic ?
"Our Economic Future and the In-
ternational Scene," will be the subject:
of a talk by Scott Nearing, lecturer'
and authortat 4 p.m. today in Unity
Hll, at State and Huron Sts. There
will be a small admission fee to help
defray expenses..
Dr. Nearing spoke in Ann Arbor
two years ago at the Lydia Mendel-
ssohn Theatre. He is a graduate of
the law school of the University of
Pennsylvania and has taught ec-
dnomics there and at Swarthmore.I
He taught political science at thel
University of Toledo where he was
dean during the World War.
He has served as a member of the
Pennsylvania Child Labor Commis-I
sion and has written a book on this
subject. He has also written on
"Wages," "Income," "Social Sanity,"
"Social Religion," and "Where is
Civilization Going?" His most recent
books are "Twilight of Empire," "Dol-
lar Diplomacy," "Must We Starve?"'
and "Whither China?"
He is well-known for his analysis ofj
economic problems in their sociologi-
cal -aspect and has spoken at uiver-

sities throughout the country.
The address will be followed by a
question period at which there will,
be informal discussion.-
LH-on To Be Broadcast

UU1
CONCER IO

SANTIGO

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41

SUENMLES ®

This Associated Press map lo-
cates, in the shaded area, the towns
struck by a midnight earthquake in
Chile. 40 per cent of the houses in
Concepcion were reported com-
pletely destroyed. Military aviators
from Santiago surveyed the strick-
en area.
Senate Weighs
Bill To outlaw
Strikebreakers
Civil Liberties Committee
Finds Use Aggravates
Bitterness Of Strikes
WASHINGTON, Jfan. 26-(A,')-Thej
Senate Civil Liberties Committee, as-
serting that the use of professional
strikebreakers violated the labor pol-
icy approved by Congress, proposed
legislation today to forbid their em-
ployment in industrial disputes.
A two-year investigation had
shown, the Committee said in an in-
terim report to the Senate, that many
strikebreakers stem from the under-
world, that they increase rather than
prevent strike violence, embitter
tense situations, and prevent the ex-
ercise of the right of free speech.
The report asserted an employer
has every right to provide protection
for his property, and replace work-
men, but contended that this right
does not justify the use of strike-
breaking agencies for those purposes.
It gave the following reasons for
making this statement:
"The strikebreaker, furnished as a
part of strike service by most agen-
cies is, in' most cases, not a qualified
workman but an incompetent mer-
cenary, posing as a workman for the
purpose of breaking strikes. He us-
ually receives compensation higher
than that of the regular employees,
and is discharged after the strike.
"The strike guard furnished by
most agencies is not a man trained
and qualified for police or patrol
duty.

Permitted, However
Dates During Week
A new hours regulation, limiting
permission of freshmen women from
10:30 p. n. to 9:30 p.m. except or
week-end nights will be put into ef-
fect at the beginning of the second
semester, Sybil Swartout, \'39, chair-
man of Judiciary Council announced
yesterday.
Under the new rule, both first and
,econd semester freshmen must sign
in at their dormitories or League
houses by 9:30 p.m. each week night,
Miss Swartout said, but freshmen
women will be allowed to have dates
any evening.
The regulation now in effect limits'
freshmen women to 8 p.m. permis-
sion or 10:30 p.m. if the evening is
spent at 'the library. No dates are
allowed during the week for first se-
mester freshmen, but during the sec-
ond semester those women who
make their grades are allowed one
date between Monday and Friday
each w'ek.
"We are changing the regulation
of hours for freshmen women, be-
cause the old rule las been flagrant-
ly violated, and enforcement has been
virtually impossible," Miss Swartout
said. Judiciary Council recommend-
ed the new 9:30 p.m. regulation to
the League Undergraduate Council
who brought it before the Boards of
Representatives, including Panhel-
lenic Association and Assembly. The
final approval of Miss Alice Lloyd,
Dean of Women, to the recommenda-
tion was given yesterday.
The regulation allowing one-half
hour permission after the conclusion
of concerts or similar University func-
tions is still in effect, Miss Swartout
said, and it will remain in effect for
the second semester.
Parks Course !
To Be Taught

Students Crib
In Classroom,
Article Claims
Ninety per cent of all college stu-
dents cheat on examinations before
they graduate, a nationally-circulat-
ed picture magazine declares in its
February issue.
This claim, supported by an m -
signed article, was accompanied by
several photographs of University of
Iowa co-eds. The pictures were psed
by the Iowa women allegedly to dem-
onstrate the methods which students
use to crib.
Some of the praictices used in the
classroom while writing examina-
tions, it asserts, are: enclosing crib
notes in a large signet ring; writing
notes on starched cuffs; and reading'
aver the shoulder of students in adja-
cent seats. One of the "candid" snap-
shots showed a girl reading notes on'
a piece of paper attached to her knee.
Drive To Lift
Spaein Embargo
BeginsToday
Pressure On Government
Arms Ban Is Advocated
By Ann Arbor Group
The Committee to Lift the Spanish
Embargo, formed by campus and town
groups Wednesday, will open a con-
certed drive today to probe campus
opinion on the embargo and to bring
students' and townspeople's pressure
to bear on Senators, Congressmen and
the President to raise the ban on
the sale of arms to the Spanish Gov-
ernment.
Edward Magdol, '39, chairman of
the committee, last night urged stu-
dents to clip the letter, inserted as an
advertisement in this morning's
Daily, and mail it to Senators in
Washington, as a means of urging
them to lift the embargo. He said a
similar letter addressed to Con-
gressmen will appear tomorrow in
the Daily and one to the President
Ion Sunday.
Those who vote in the question-
naire will have their identification
cards marked on the back with let-
ters LE in a circle, to assure a fair
poll, Magdol explained.
Blank telegraph forms, 1,500 multi-
grahe letters and 500 blank and
mimeographed post-cards will be dis-
tributed at tables in the Union, the
League, the Main Library and the
basement of Angell all, Magdol
said. The questionnaire blanks, which
contain only the question "Do you
favor the immediate lifting of the
embargo on Government Spain," will
also be handed out at the tables.
Lists of all Senators and Repre-
sentatives with their states will be.
available at the tables, committee
heads said yesterday.
The newly-formed Committee is
composed of representatives of the
American Student Union, the Ameri-
can League for Peace and Democ-
racy and the Ann Arbor Committee
for Medical Aid to Spain.
Foresters Pick
Alumni Heads
Four Men Are Selected
For Five Years
The senior class of the forestry
school elected four Alumni officers

to five-year terms in its annual elec-
tion yesterday. Forty-nine votes}
were cast.
George Staebler, with 25 votes, de-'
feated Thomas Wilder, who tallied
123, for the presidency. Calvn Stew-
art was elected vice-president over
Leslie Hillberg and James Gilbert.
B. Ernest Allen polled 29 votes to
beat out Raymond Stevenson for the
post of Alumni secretary and John
Burwell nosed out John George by
one vote, 25-24, for the treasurer's
job.
The ballotting was supervised by
Ted Spangler, '40, of the Union Couh-
cil.
Naval Board Boosts
Ship Base In Guam
WASHINGTON, Jan. 26 -(1P)-
Congress learned today that a special
nava1 h ord headed by Admiral Ar-

Civilians, Ministers Flee Barcelona
MANRESA
- 'i ,* *t
CAL AS GRANOLLER
." BATrTL- REFUGEES
FRONT LEAVING FOR
t 4is TRRA A NORTH '
SA DELL
-- MARTOREL..
ENEMY GUNS POUN *A ELo
CITY; PUBLI C
SERVICES FAIL/NG
VILLAFRANCA ,
- y

Victorious Rebels Seize
Barcelona; owers Aree
To Check Italian Cont'rol.

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tLLANUEVA

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---- a

As Insurgents took over Barcelona, capital of Loyalist Spain, civilians
and government ministers fled toward the north. The shaded line in this
Associated Press map represents the approximate battle line, accord-
ing to reports at Hendaye, France.
France And Britain Take Steps
To P re vent fIiDuce's Domnination.
Mussolini Proclaims Fall Of Barcelona As 'Another
Chapter Of The New Europe We Are Creating'

University Is Selected
Give New Subjects

To

The University was one of four se-
lected yesterday by the Executive
Board of the National Conference of
State Parks to give short courses in
recreational administration to State
park executives, according to an As-
sociated Press dispatch last night.
The other schools selected are
Syracuse, Oregon State and Georgia.
Michigan was chosen on combined
high rating of its schools of land-
:cape design and forestry, said Prof.
Harlow O. Whittemore, chairman of
the Department of Landscape Design,
when contacted last night.}
The course in park administration
was planned for this year at Michi-
gan, but, because of insufficient en-
rollment here, an agreement was
made with Syracuse for them to take
those who had planned to enter here
for the first year, and for both schools
to alternate in following years.

LONDON, Jan. 26.-MP)-France
announced agreement with Britain
today on "necessary" steps to keep
Italy from using Insurgent Spain as
a stepping stone to Mediterranean
supremacy while Premier Mussolini
was proclaiming the fall of Barcelona
As "another chapter of the new Eu-
rope we are creating."
Voicing official fears in both France
and Britain at the implications of
the Insurgent conquest of Barcelona,
French Foreign Minister Georges
Bonnet warned the Chamber of Dep-
uties that the French-Italian dispute
over colonial territory soon may be-
come "a question of force."
He declared France had the solid
support of Britain in resisting Italian
claims for part of the French colonial
empire.
Backing up Bonnet's announce-
ment, Premier Edouard Daladier told
Deputies of his own Radical-Socialist
Party in Paris that "in agreement
with Britain we have taken necessary
measures in the Meditarranean."
But the seizure of Spanish Morocco
and the Balearic Island of Minorca,
the latter still in Spanish Govern-
ment hands, has been reported under

consideration. Such moves the Itali-
ans have declared would be consid-
ered provocative by Italy.
Mussolini's own words to Fascists I
cheering under his balcony tonight to
celebrate the capture of Barcelona
indicated Italy would press claims
1against France with greater force
now that an Insurgent victory in the
Spanish Civil War seemed more cer-
tain.
Referring to the Spanish Govern-
ment slogan "No Pasaran!" - they
shall not pass---Mussolini said :
"We have passed and I say to you
that we will pass."
His speechbeforea wildly cheering
throng was interspersed with shouts
of "Tunisia," France's North African
protectorate, and "Corsica," island
department in the Mediterranean.
Il Duce's triumphant acclaim for
"The new Europe we are creating" in-
creased skepticism in French and
British quarters that he would carry
out a promise to Prime Minister
Chamberlain to withdraw his forces
from Spain as soon as the war is end-
ed.
Many believed he would offer them
to quit Spain only after a colonia
settlement with France.

Little Resistance Is Met
By Franco's Columns
In Occupation Of City
Insurgents Bomb
Government Seat
HENDAYE, France, Jan. 26 -(AP)-
War-battered Barcelona fell to Gen-
eralissimo Franco's Spanish, Moorish
'.nd Italian troops today-the prize
for the greatest victory in the long
and savage civil conflict.
The Insurgents met but slight re-
sistance in the erstwhile Government
capital. A small covering force had
been left to defend the retreat of the
Loyalist army protecting the last un-
conquered fourth of Catalonia.
Down the palm-lined boulevards of
t~he Mediterranean port metropolis
1,he victorious Insurgents marched
and rode-thousands of white-robed
PERPIGNAN, France, Jan. 27.
-(1--An Austrian who fought in
Government Spain under the
name of Major Henry Harding
reached Perpignan today with the
report that 800 of 3,000 Interna-
tional volunteers were killed or
wounded during an Insurgent
bombing raid north of Barcelona.
Moroccans, the mountain fighters of
Navarre and Italians of the Littorio
Division.
They carried out a precise plan of
occupation, some singing "La Marcha
de Granaderos," others shouting the
Generalissimo's name,
Retreat Cut Off
Many among Barcelona's war-
weary population of nearly 1,500,000
persons cheered the Insurgentrcol-
almns. Gunners on the semi-circullar
,siege line on the inland side of Bar-
celona had cut off retreat during the
two days the Insurgents maneuvered
ior a mass penetration of the city.
Peace of a sort came to Barcelona,
but the war still raged along the edge
of the northeastern Catalonian zone
the Government had chosen to de-
fend.
Franco's airmen rained bombs on
Figueras, some 60 miles northeast of
Barcelona, new seat of several of the
Government ministries removed when
the Insurgents laid siege to Barce-
lona.
As pictured by Insurgent dispatches
reaching the French border, the oc-
cupation of Barcelona had a com-
panion highlight in the distribution
of large stors of food which had been
ranspprted in the wake of the often
sive across Catalonia.
On War Rations
Barcelona had been on war rations
for months.
The Generalissimo sent the bulk of
his armies in pursuit of the Govern-
ment troops.
An Insurgent broadcast announced
tonight that Franco's troops had oc-
eupied Sabadell and Tarrasa on the
Barcelona-Manresa Highway. Saba-
dell is eight miles northwest of the
Callen Government capital and Tar-
.asa four miles farther west.
Government spporters insisted
hat even with the loss of all Cata-
onia they still would have "reasons
and resources" for waging war. Com-
plete occupation of Catalonia, the
northeastern corner of Spain, would
leave the Government still in pos-
session of the southeastern and cen-
tral part embracing Madrid and V-
lencia.
The fall of Barcelona was in sharp
contrast to the siege of Madrid which
started early in November, 1936, and
is still unsuccessful. The war start-
d July 18, that year.
Battered by bomb and shell, Bar-
celona fell easily. At noon the last
(Continued on 'Page )

Truce Is Reached
In AlbionDispute
ALBION, Jan. 26.-(AP)-A truce
was reached late today between Al-
bion College campus leade;s and Pres-
ident John L. Seaton in their dispute
over administration control and cen-
sorship of student publications.

English Adapted To World Chaos
After Munich, Lockhart Claims

Mo

re Than 400 Text Books Are
Available For Needy Students

By ELLIOTT MARANISS
Although the English character re-
mains essentially the same as it has
been for the past three hundred years,
the trend of European affairs after
Munich has caused Englishmen and
women to adapt themselves to a war-
ridden and chaotic world, R. H. Bruce
Lockhart, British author and diplo-
mat told a large audience at Hill
Auditorium last night.
Most important of these changes,
according to Mr. Lockhart, is the
growing realization in England that,
in the present state of Europe, tradi-
tional English idealism in foreign af-
fairs must be tempered with realism.
The Englishman still retains his un-
shakable belief in the efficacy of the
League of Nations as an instrument
for promoting world peace, and he
still insists that a better knowledge
of foreign peoples can lead only to
international conciliation. As long-
run. policies, Mr. Lockhart also be-
lieves in the T enan uand in ih valie

The Text Book Lending Library,
for which contributions are now be-
ing received at all branch libraries,,
has received encouraging student sup-
port since its inception in the fall of
1937 according to the committee in'
charge.
About 400 books are at present in
the library available for the use of
needy students. Many more are ex-
pected as contributions from stu-
dents at the close of the present se-
mester. Moreover, a total of $2,050
has been contributed to the library
by alumni who have become interest-
ed in the project. This money, Dean
Erich A. Walter, chairman of the
committee, has revealed, has come
from three alumni: the first dona-
tion, $50, from R. William Boyce, '36,
on Oct. 29, 1937; the second, $1,000,
from an anonymous donor Jan. 7,
19IR- a +c te thid t1 nA fnm

plished already by the library in thef
way of supplying books to needy stu-
dents, the project will not be able to
fully accomplish its task until it is
considerably enlarged. It is probable
that at least 1,000 books will be ulti-
mately needed.
Students wishing to use the library
may do so upon obtaining an order,
from an academic counsellor or from
either Prof. Dwight C. Long in Room
108 Mason Hall or Prof. A.D. Moore
in Room 268 West Engineering Bldg.
Ann Arbor 'Hinterland'
To Provide Movie Test
Ann Arbor will be used as a "guinea
pig town" by a motion picture com-
pany next Sunday when the film "The
Great Man Votes" starring John

R. H. BRUCE LOCKHART

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