THE MICHIGAN DAILY __ _
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Oontrol of
Pubiishea every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
ue for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited 'in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Oifice at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
.second +class mall matter.
subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
#4,00; by mail, $4.50.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1937-38
REPRESENTED FOR NATIONA. ADVERTISING BY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK, N. Y
CHICAGO *OSTON LOS ANGELES - SAN FRAHCISCO
Board of Editors.
Book Editor . .
. . . . Robert D. Mitchell
. ...Albert P. Mayio
. . . Horace W. Gilmore
. . Robert I. Fitzhenry
. .S. R. Kleiman
. Robert Perlman
. . . . William Elvin
. . . . Joseph Freedman
. ...Earl Gilman
.. .Joseph Gies
Business Manager . . . Philip W. Buchen
Credit Manager . . Leonard P. Siegelman
Advertising Manager . .William L. Newnan
Women's Business Manager . .Helen Jean Dean
Women's Service Manager . . Marian A. Baxter
NIGHT EDITOR: DENNIS FLANAGAN
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
' staff and represent the views -of the writers
Peace . .. The
Democratic Quest ...
PEACE", Thomas Mann told the Ameri-
can people last spring, "sets human-
ity its problems today, and these problems are
big and urgent enough to absorb the whole en-
ergy and intelligence of mankind." With that,
intelligent men have always agreed, for peace
is a human quest of the broadest ethical signi-
ficance; it is nothing less than the quest of
humanity for its own development. The sight of
the nations of the world floundering to catastro-
phe is a grievous one, then, fot men of good will
who fel with Dr. Mann that war is no longer
morally permissable, that Western civilization has
arrived at a state of social maturity in which war
must become impossible as a political weapon.
As Czechoslovakia prepares to follow Austria,
Ethiopia, Spain and China to the executioner's,
sword it becomes increasingly more apparent that
in the attitude of each of the major nations to-
ward the problem of peace is reflected the atti-
tude of that nation toward the general welfare
of its own citizens. What is new in the world to-
day is not the anti-humans dictatorial mentality
of barbarism, but the universal recognition that
it is the duty of democratic government to pro-
mote and safeguard the concepts of peace, free-
dom and the national standard of life. And if
to this is added the proposition that the preser-
vation of peace and the national standard of liv-
ing are not isolated ideals but integral and in-
separable parts of democracy, it follows that to
preserve peace it is necessary to preserve demo-
Viewed in this light the issues involved in the
swiftly-moving European crisis are tl'rown into
sharp relief. The important, but incidental and
obfuscating maneuvers of professional diplo-
mats, the sudden interest of Herr Hitler for the
rights of "oppressed" minorities, can be put in
their proper secondary positions, and it becomes
possible to return to fundamentals and basic
principles. If peace is considered as being insep-
arable from democracy, and if it is conceded
that the democratic states alone provide the
practical alternative in political organization to
the militaristic-caveman ideology which threat-
ens to demolish modersn civilization, the capitu-
lation of European democracy to anti-democratic
aggression can mean only one of two equally dis-
tressing alternatives. Either the governments of
the Furopean democracies are ready to admit
that force alone is to be the determining factor
in international relationships, that there exists
a greater community of interest between them
and the exponents of totalitarianism, with its
anti-social instincts, its stupidity, its cruelty and
injustice, than with the demands of their own
peoples for peace, democracy and a humane na-
tional standard of living; or, genuinely concerned
about preserving peace, they have become con-
vinced that the way to accomplish that end is
to pursue a policy of appeasement and concession
to the war-mongering forces.
It is the second of these alternatives that needs
clarification and that has more bearing on the
immediate situation; for to admit the validity of
the first is to admit the end of the entire epic
struggle of humanity for a rational and well-'
evolve progressively toward a strengthened and
What remains is to examine the general policy
and the specific actions which the peace-desiring
nations have taken to preserve peace and its
concomitants. In this respect the most pertinent
observation that can be made is the fact that the
entire policy of concession and appeasement is
based on a profound misconception of the essen-
tial nature of fascism. If the economic structure
of the house that Hitler has built in Nazi Ger-
many was of such a kind that it could exist in-
definitely without continuous and aggressive ex-
pansion, the policy of appeasement would have
a great deal to be said for it: by foreearance,
friendliness and amicable concessions we might
hope to reach a permanent accommodation which
would preserve peace.
It is necessary therefore, that the democracies
realize that the fascist interpretation of history
is necessarily and inevitably one of absolute
force. Its demands are both vague and boundless;
its foreign policy, determined by the contradic-
tions in its internal makeup can only be preda-
tory, plunderous, and annexationist. If the dem,-
ocracies of the world become conscious of this
and let it be known that they will not stand pas-
sively by and watch the destruction of Western
civilization, if they re-enforce their stand for
peace by linking it with the democratic aspira-
tions of their peoples, there need never be an-
other world war.
' NOTES and FOOTNOTES
By Sec Terry
T REQUIRES no gargantuan mentality to real-
ize these are vital times, quite beyond the
scope of any professed campus boswell. The tem-
po of this modern parade is far too swift for a
lone observer. But the current scene--no matter
how bewildering, how transient-cannot wholly
escape the ken of Michigan's student body, whose
interests range from swinging out Pagliacci to
verbally repairing our frontiers against the inva-
sion of unwanted "isms." To the muffled charge
that freedom of the press is being universally
abridged, we reply with a hesitant scoff, a
tongue in the cheek-andthis column.
So this notebook will be thrown open for public
jottings. If choking on a toasted roll in your
haste to make an 8 o'clock provokes you to verse
-make a note of it. If, in the nebulous moments
of a Psych lecture, you are suddenly smitten by
a printable idea-make a note of it. If, while
your Math prof computes the electrical content
of a mass of moleclues, you suddenly conceive a
tart bon mot-make a note of it.,
With your co-operation, we believe we can
produce a potpourri of interesting observations
and assorted witticisms. Although humor is recog-
nized as a high form of intelligence, our motif will
not be exclusively a humorous one. Subject matter
will be unrestricted, within the bounds of good
taste. We will, of course, frequently intersperse
among your notations paragraphs of our own.
So, every other day when the circus* folds its
tent, have a word on us . .
* * *
TIME AND AGAIN we've madly parried the
a thrusts of the Gasworks George who taunts
us with the charge that most collegians read
only the comic strips and roto sections. But little
moments of doubt assail us when stories like
this' one appear.
Andros Gude and John McDonald, active
seniors about the campus last year, were doing
the rounds in Berlin when the present crisis
developed. Worried parents here sent frantic
warnings to the boys, urging them to get out
of Germany or at least near enough the border
to make a quick esit when the fireworks started.
Even the American consul was notified to prevail
upon the boys.
Andros and John were quick to take the hint.
They hurriedly packed, took one last look at
the Wilhemstrasse and left-for Prague, Czecho-
* * *
MARIE ANTOINETTE as "Norma Shearer,"
showing at the Majestic, adds to our belief
that Hollywood producers are nothing more than
implacable enemies of historians, going about in
their expensive way puncturing holes in our
conceptions of the heroines and villains of the
How well, for instance, do we recall being dis-
turbed in our 8th-row siestas by the loud profes-
sorial charge that Antoinette was a perfidious
gal who would pluck cake from the mouths of
starving peasants. In Hollywood she refuses cake
because the serfs haven't bread. Ah, disillusion-
In Marie's defense, however, we must admit
that Louis XVI-in his Hollywood role, even
more imbecilic and indecisive than history por-
trays him-would drive Evangeline Booth to
drink. Just another indication of the excessive
liberties producers take with history. As another
local daily puts it: "Norma Shearer . . . portray-
ing a queen who is a courageous, unhappy victim
of circumstances rather than the scornful, idle
woman which history had depicted." M-G-M
might have appended this apology we read some-
where, "Any similarity between this picture and
history is purely accidental."
* * *
THIS FOOTNOTE might be entitled, "the
world is still safe for democracy." At any rate,
it reveals a social consciousness, even among
freshmen. One of them, who had just rented a
cubicle in one of the Thompson St. rooming
houses; buttonholed a senior who.lived across the
hall.-"Say," he inquired, "is there much of a rush
for the bathroom in the morning?"
Not wishing to discourage the yearling, the
senior replied, "Oh, no. There's a little battle,
maybe, but it isn't bad."
Out of the same set of facts it is possible, appar-
ently, to draw entirely varying conclusions. But
for the life of me I cannot understand the happy
look upon the faces of those
who say now, "All recent
events prove the wisdom of
Borah and his associates
when they killed American
participation in the League
Nor do I understand just
how isolationists feel that
they have proved their point
by proudly pointing to a world careening .to hell
in a hack.
As far as the League goes, it is quite true that
one must deal in speculation as to what might
have happened if the diehards of the Senate
had not stabbed that attempt at international
co-operation. One did not need to be a prophet.
to venture the guess that without our participa-
tion the scheme remained unbalanced and could
never make port. Anybody has a right to contend
that even if we had joined, the world would still
be a great deal less than Utopian. But it is diffi-
cult to conceive a picture blacker than that which
confronts mankind at the moment. Certainly no
product of a complete and functioning League
could have been worse.
First Error and the Second.,.
Again, I think that few will deny the manifold
and even fundamental inequities of the Versailles
treaty. That was, indeed, a sorry cornerstone
upon which to found a temple to international
justice. It is also true that the excesses of the
peace furnished Hitler with stepping stones along
his climb to power. But it is nonsense to pretend
that a setup which was imposed by the weight
of military power will be improved if it is re-
written at the point of a clanking saber. Two
wrong settlements do not make for either justice
And it seems to me that if America had not
stepped out of the picture, we might have per-
forhied a notable role in aiding a cool and dis-
passionate revision of errors committed in the
heat of conquest.
Let us abandon definitely the purely lunatic
notion that if the rest of the world goes into
chaos or worse, it is no concern of ours and can-
not affect us in any way. I run into people now
who are isolationists upon no more heartening
theory than the candid belief that Americans
might as well crawl into the cellar and hope for
another twenty-four or forty-eight hours before
the hurricane. This is hardly an attitude which
can be maintained by any who prefer to go
through life with their chins up.
* * *
Would You Call It Peace... ?
In some cases any sort of argument is useless
because, in spite of the plain facts of the news,
there are those who still inquire whether Cham-
berlain was not right in making any sacrifice
whatsoever for the sake of avoiding war. To me
the notion that the British offer of bubble and
squeak has made for peace is preposterous. I
think that a great deal might be said for Neville
Chamberlain if he had promoted peace. I would
agree that even a short breathing spell might
have been enough to enlist some supporters. But
I rise to inquire in just what nations of the world
are people breathing freely at the moment.
Even in lands remote from any immediate
firing line fear casts its shadows and holds up
in its grip. I trust that I will not be identified as
a second cousin of Pollyanna if I persist in the
belief that, the world has not been lost and that
civilization is not doomed if we only have the
audacity to take risks for peace.
It may be that in the long run Hitler will hang
himself, but too much blood is likely to be shed'
before that event. The charge that anyone who
believes in co-operative security wants to send
American boys abroad to fight over a Czech
boundary line is took silly to be answered. But
Americans are, among other things, citizens of
the world. We have a stake in this small planet.
We want to see the rule of law and the rule of
reason prevail. Why in Heaven's name shouldn't
we seek out those of like mind and then proceeda
to take counsel?
American history knows two Benedict Arnolds:
the one who led the heroic march against Quebec,
was wounded in the desperate assault upon that
city, held the shattered American forces together
in their tragic retreat from Canada, was wounded
again as he charged into the thick of the fighting
at Saratoga, and for this was snubbed and neg-
lected by the American Congress; and, in con-
trast with this magnificent patriot and leader
of men, the traitor who turned against his com-
mander and his country in its hour of peril.
For some generations the traitor obscured the
patriot. We are beginning to understand now
that there were two sides to Arnold's story-a
tardy justice to which Kenneth Roberts has
given fine expression in his historical novels,
'Arundel" and "Rabble in Arms." As a Conti-
nental officer Arnold contributed to a decisive
victory. His treason was barren of gains for the
The patriot Arnold wished to die at Saratoga.
In a sense he did die when he left West Point
and was rowed out to the British fleet. It seems
reasonable, in the light of history, that the dead
patriot should be remembered, and it is a satisfac-
tion to know that his name has at last been
The F LYING
By Roy Heath
When introducing a new columnar
effort, it seems only fair that the
perpetrator therof should make some
effort to explain to the customers
the significance, if any, of the title.
At first glance it might seem
just a little hard to explain why
anyone but a mental midget
would choose to term anything
but a flying trapeze a flying tra-
peze. Any opinions which you
wish to formulate on this phase
of the subject are strictly your'
It all goes back to the dim recesses
of my childhood, when a circus was
something all the local brats lived for
the whle year 'round, thinking that,
maybe the next year would be the
time to pack our duds and follow the
Once at "the greatest spectacle
on earth," it always seemed to go
sour. In the first place the ani-
mals, always touted in the pre-
show ballyhoo as willing to tear;
the leg off anyone at any time,;
just lolled around their cages in
a light but comfortable lethargy
displaying about as much activity
as a convention of night watch-
Y The main show might have been;
o.k. I couldn't tell because I couldn't;
see it. There were too nany grown-
ups "that had to take the kids" in
front of me. That state of affairs left;
no thrill for me in the glittering
heftiness of the lady bareback riders,
or the methodical madness of the
With everything else effectively
blocked from my vision, it was up
to the boys on the flying trapeze
to furnish me with my money's
worth. If they failed, it was be-
cause all I could think about was
what a helluva swell spot they3
had from which to witness the,
rest of the show.
That is roughly why this column
will be THE FLYING TRAPEZE. Not,
because this writer has any illusions
that he is above the rest of the crowd
but because anyone, no matter whom,
who makes it his or her business to
cudgel out a daily column is in a bet-
ter position to see and observe what
is going on by the very fact that he
is under obligation to do so.'
Michigan, to me, is a circus
as much as any show that ever
took place in Ringling's big top.
Sure, you can't laugh at every-
thing in the performance. But you
don't laugh at everything in a cir-
cus either. There are moments
of thrill, fear and unintended
humor. Heartbreak is here and
sordidness of the lowest variety.1
On the latter topic, I choose notx
to dwell . . . unless some particular
case can be remedied or bettered by
putting ink on paper. It will be my
purpose to report the laughs and
thrills of the passing show with as
much lucidity as possible but from an
ever changing point of view, for one;
dpesnt stay in one spot on a trapeze.1
Items will be picked up from
every part of this extravaganza'
that is college. From the ring-
master in University Hall, the
headliners in the Field House, the
clowns and phoneys here and
there and above all the multitudeF
of guys that just plug along ande
and do their job, thereby making
the whole thing go; bits of the
pageant will be observed and
mulled over in this space.
If possible, The Trapeze will stickf
to the trivia and minuscule happen-
ings of the day by day which make'
this place what it has always beenE
and what it must inevitably add up
to in the last analysis. On the other
hand such flap-doodle as pin-hang-
ings and junk of the. "wh was seen
doing whata with whoosis" variety
won't dirty this venerable typewrit-
So here it is . . if you like it
read it. If you don't like it.
cuss it. If you can't stir upany
feelings about it either way, then
read a book or go out and get
some exercise. It's good for you.
Somewhere . .
To the Editor:
This from this morning's Free Press.
" .enrollment reached an even
10,500 mark as registrations closed
Saturday . . . Men students now total
7,608. There are 2,891 women."
Something ought to be investigated
immediately. N. A.
Suggests U.S., Ontario
Buy Ambassador Bridge.
DETROIT, Sept. 26--'P)-A pro
^.t.- .1 a -LA- 4L... ~ f T 2 n..L . s .3
TUESDAY, SEPT 27, 1938
VOL. XLVIII. No. 2
To Users of the Daily Official Bul-
letin: The attention of users of The
Daily Official Bulletin is respectfully
called to the following:
(1) Notice submitted for publica-
tion must be typewritten and must
(2) Ordinarily notices are pub-
lished but once. Repetition is at the
(3) Notices must be handed to the
Assistant to the President, as Editor
of the Daily Official Bulletin, Room
1021 A.H., before 3:30 p.m., (11:00,
Saturday Class Committee: Until
October 7, the members of this com-
mittee may be consulted as follows:
Professor Everett, Tu. Fri. 2-30-3:30
in 3232 A.H. Professor Reichart, M.
10-11; W. 10-11:30 in 300 U.H.
Walter A. Reichart, Chairman
New Graduate Students: All stu-
dents registering in the Graduate
School this semester for the first time,
are required to write a general exam-
ination. This will be given in Hill
Auditorium, Oct. 1, from 8 a.m. to 1
p.m. This is the final time limit.
Many will finish earlier.
Previous preparation is not neces-
sary. This is intended as an aid to
your departmental advisers but prin-
cipally to assist you individually in
your further work. It is one of the
systematic methods of self-analysis
with which you should be familiar.
An individual report will be made.
Instructors will arrange for your
absence from classes where necessary.
Please be on time.
C. S. Yoakum, Dean.
LaVerne Noyes Scholarships: Appli-
cants whose papers are already in my
hands but who have not reported to
me on registration in the University
should do so at once. Assignments
will be made on Thursday of this
week. No new applications can be re-
ceived at this time.
Frank E. Robbins,
Asst. to the President.
Faculty Directory: Last-minute ad-
ditions or changes for the Faculty
Directory should be reported to the
Editorial Office, Room 221 Angell
Hall telephone 374) Not Later Than
Tuesday, Sept. 27, at 4 p.m. Printing
will begin Wednesday, the 28th.
Ira M. Smith, Registrar.
Eligibility for Public Activities: The
attention of all those participating
in public activities is called to the
Certificate Of Eligibility.-At the
beginning of each semester and sum-
mer session every student shall be"
conclusively presumed to be ineligible
for any public activity until his el-
igibility is affirmatively established
(a) by obtaining from the Chairman
of the Committee on Student Af-
fairs, in the Office of the Dean of
Students, a written Certificate 'of
Eligibility. Participation before the
opening of the first semester must be
approved as at any other time.
Before permitting any student or
students to participate in a public
activity (see definition of Participa-
tion above), the chairman or man-
ager of such activity shall (a) require
each applicant to present a certifi-
cate of eligibility, (b) sign his in-
itials on the back of such certificate
and (c) file with the Chairman of
the Committee on Student Affairs
the names of all those who have pre-
sented certificates of eligibility and a
signed statement to exclude all oth-
ers from participation.
The International Center: The new
International Center in the South
Wing of the Michigan Union provides
an attractive place for foreign stu-
dents and their friends. It is hoped
that it may become the natural meet-
ing place for foreign students and oth-
er members of the University, both
faculty and students, interested in in-
ternational affairs. 'The Center is
open from 8 o'clock in the.morning till
10 at night except for Sunday morn-
ing, when it is closed till 1:30. The en-
trance is from E. Madison St. The
program of activities can be had
upon request at the Center; it will be
of interest not only to foreign stu-
dents but to American and Canadian
students as well. Anyone interested
is invited to drop in and see the Cen-
ter at any time.
Required Physical Education for
Women: Where a deferment of the
physical education requirement for
one semester is requested, the student
must make an appointment with the
secretary in Office 15 Barbour Gym-
nasium to see the chairman of the
department during the week of Sept.
26 to Oct. 1.
Michigan Dames. Members of Mich-
igan~ Dames for the past year are
asked to leave their addresses and
telephone numbers by Oct 1 with Mrs.
Dixon, 2-3955 during the day, and
Mrs. Shilling, 2-3061 during the eve-
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Puialication in the Builetin is constructive notice to all members of the
Vaiversity. Copy received at the cosfe of the Assistant to the Presidsit
ntil 3:30; 11:0 a.m. on saturday.
ing reference or research work on the
Unidentifiable mail is being held in
Room 1, University Hall, for the fol-
Allen, John Edward
Barienbroek, R. C.
Barker, Charles P.
Bering, Mrs. Mabel A,
Billihgs, Henry C.
Brown, Doris W.
Brummel, Henry C.
Cantrell, Mrs. Thomas A.
Clifford, Arthur Winch
Copeland, Warren T.
Dietzgen, Corda Bauer
Eby, John H.
Finney, Mary Louise
Fuller, Donald H.
Gele, Emil H., Jr.
Giltilan, Mrs. Henry W.
Gillis, John C.
Glaesner, Robert D.
Gladding, Miss K. T
Haber, Dr. G. G.
Hadley, Wayne N.
Highland, John N., Jr.
Hill, H. H.
Huttlinger, Burns M.
Ireland, Thomas W.
Jacobs, A. T.
Jones, Mary Beth
Kahrs, Frances R.
Katz, Robert M.
Kirkpatrick, J. E.
Kirkpatrick, L. A.
Kubba, Fakhri M. S
Lehman, Richard F.
Markley, C. Gordon
May, Frank P.
McAllister, W. Kermit
Meagher, Margaret Lee
Merit, E. D.
Miller, Stuart B.
Mundie, Mrs. B.
Navin, Dr. K. W.
Noffsinger, Forest B.
. Ochs, Lilburn
Pejic, Dr. S.
Porter, John D.
Quinn, J. F.
Reed, Robert, Jr.
Reeds, Dr. J. F.