THE MICHIGAN DAILY TH
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NIGHT EDITOR: JUNE HARRIS
The editorials published in The Michigan
DVaily are written by members of the Daily
taff and represent the views of the writers
words Minus Meaning...
IT IS DOUBTFUL if ever in the his-
tory of constitutional government in
SUi ted States the voters have been so uncer-
in, so unsettled as to the value of their voting
wer as today. Granted that there are still two
eat political parties with candidates for
fices, the fact remains that no one, not even the
irty leaders themselves, knows exactly how the
dividual candidate will line up on important
gislation regarding lational and international
mes. Many voters admit that they favor the
neral ideas of one party or the other but are
sturbed by the unorthodox actions of some of
e representatives of that party. Others merely
smaiss the whole problem with the remark that
e voter never gets what he wants but is usually
t holding the bag.
Both parties, especially the Democratic, are
coming divided more and more into different
Cups of political opinion within their ranks.
ladidates who stand for one idea are campaign-
9 in many places under the same party banner
th men of different beliefs. The situation has
en been reached where Mayor Hague of Jersey
ty and President Roosevelt are found aligned
. behalf of the Democratic party in New Jersey.
r where Mayor LaGuardia, a Fusion-Republican,
s told Governor Lehman, a Democrat, the
uditions under which he will or will not support
The Democratic split can be traced back to
33. In that year it became apparent that the
rsons who had voted primarily for the Demo-
atic platform of 1932 did not obtain representa-
'es who intended to carry out their mandate
th regard to it. The leaders in control grew
ray from the 1932 platform and for several
ars directed the policies of the party toward
>vations and experiments in government until
acquired the title of the "New Deal Party."
te right wing, or conservative Democrats, were
quiescent for a long time to the new theories of
vernment propounded by their associates. Late-
however, the members of this wing have be-
ci to assert themselves and to become more
cal in their dissent to the New Deal. Thus today
see many Democratic committees engaged in
'estigating Democratic governmental agencies.
)ne of these committees which is meeting with
idemnation right now, almost wholely from
mbers of the Democratic party, is the Dies
mnmittee, whose chairman comes from the
mocratic stronghold of Texas. Whatever the
rits of the finds of this committee, the acri-
>nious debates that have resulted from its
ivities seem to be almost ent'irely between
w Deal Democrats and conservative members
the party. A Senate investigating committee
iking into abuses in the primaries is headed by
aator Morris Sheppard, also from Texas, and
s concerned itself with abuses in Democratic
mares almost more than with those of the.
rhese examples are only a few of the many
which committees appointed by Democrats
- consisting of a majority of Democrats are
estigating matters concerning New Deal
uicies. This activity at present encourages the
iservative Democrat to lope that his party's
icies are being debated more and more by the
tive Democrat conclude that Governor Lehman
has definitely lined up with the New Deal wing
of the party, or may he assume that the Gov-
ernor made the promise with mental reserva-
tions for the future?
The Republican voter is in almost as con-
fused a state of mind. At present the Republican
party is credited with being the conservative
party. But that there are gradations even to
this placement is evidenced by a lack of unity be-
tween those Republicans known as the "Old.
Guard" and those called the "Young Republi-
cans." In New York, Mr. Dewey's selection was not
entirely pleasing to the Old Guard, as he is under-
stood to be a Liberal and has no past to indicate
how far his liberal views go. Most of the party,
however, has accepted the basic fact that times
have changed and that many of the new agencies
-such as those concerned with farm income,
labor problems, wages and hours, pensions-are
here to stay. As a party the Republicans are
agreed that they must obtain different and better
methods in the administration of these problems
rather than that they should try to revert to the
standards of the old G.O.P.
If the Republican party is interested in modify-
ing and adjusting existing inequalities in the
New Deal measures rather than in abolishing
them entirely, why is it that conservative Demo-
crats do not flock to its banners? There has been
some discussion of a 'realignment of political
parties following the general designations of
radical, liberal and conservative. As yet, how-
ever, the radical voter is too confused in his own
mind as to the value of the many innovations of,
the past six years to be sure that he wants to
change political parties because of them. The
conservative Democrat hopes that his wing of the
party will regain power, and he has an innate
dislike of the name Republican-especially in the
South, where it was connected with the dark and
bitter events of the Civil-War. Also, the conserv-
ative Democrat, who has worked up to a position
of importance in his own party, feels that his
identity will be lost in a change to the Republican
ranks. On the other hand, the conservative Re-
publican hopes thatsthe experiments of the New
Deal will be adjudged failures and that the coun-
try will turn to the Republicans again for guid-
ance. He, too, feels that the time is not ripe for
new parties and new alignments.
Thus the voter is left on the hois of. this
dilemma. If he is to have a real voice in govern-
hental matters, he must have assurance that his
ideas are to be carried out by the representatives
he votes for. Representative government would be
benefitted by a clearer demarcation of parties
and political philosophies and by the election of
men definitely pledged to these philosophies-in
other words, an entirely new and clearer set-up
of political parties based on definite concepts of
government. In such a case, a voter would not
vote for a conservative Democrat, only to find
him endorsing the entire New Deal program,
or choose a liberal Republican with no idea of
the extent of his liberalism. The voter ought to
be able to form a definite idea of the platform
upon which his candidate bases his philosophy,
and he should be reasonably assured that the
platform will remain the foundation for the legis-
lation which his representative will forward.
Gets T ol
To the Editor:
Rising opposition towards the referendum pro-
posed by the Engineering Council to abolish class,
officers is supported by a reactionary clique
to maintain the status quo. Freshman opposition
on the issue appeals for the maintenance of
democracy by the continuance of a political and
inactive minority. They prefer to have two or
more political groups present a political slate for
the approval of the students. This generally re-
sults in a clean sweep for one party and gives
the majority of the victors an opportunity to sit
back the rest of the year on their "hard won"
But the heighth of intellectual stagnation
doesn't appear until we read the handbills of the
junior and senior class opposition-and it is
purely a coincidence that these handbills are
identical except for the color of paper upon which
they are printed. However, it is most likely that
the same clique intends to run both classes for
democratic purposes. Their sole reason for main-
taining the class officers is that "'M' will lose
another tradition." And consequently, because of
a tradition, we should sacrifice progressive and
efficient management at the expense of a habit
or custom that we haven't outgrown. Revery of
such a caliber arising from freshman is par-
donable, but when originated by upperclassmen
indicates intellectual serfdom. The opposition is
still trying to sell us the idea that since our
grandfathers have been voting the Republican
ticket since the Civil War, we should continue to
The issue in this referendum is clear-cut. It is
a question of whether we should continue the!,
present spoils system, or inaugurate a more effi-
cient, democratic council which will be a repre-
sentative of student opinion rather than of a few
political morgues. C. T. Piecewicz, '39E
MIaintain The Status Quo
To the Editor:
The Engineering Council is asking the stu-
dent body of the Engineering School to scrap the
present democratic organization of class repre-
sentation -and substitute a fascistic one in its
place. This "Reorganization Bill," as it may
WASHINGTON, Oct. 26-President Roosevelt
has ushered in a new day in American politics.
He has publicly ruled that Congressional com-
mittees must not allow themselves to be used to
This means no doubt that, hereafter, execu lve
departments and agencies will also refrain from
permitting themselves to be used to influence
elections, and, if anything like that could be
achieved, it certainly would mean a new era in
American election campaigns.
Mr. Roosevelt's criticism was occasioned by the
fact that witnesses before the House Committee
headed by Representative Dies ventured to dis-
cuss communism in relation to "sit-down" strikes
and Governor Murphy's part in the whole strike
situation in Michigan two years ago.
The witnesses who testified, including the
Judge who issued an injunction ordering "sit-
down" strikers to vacate the plants which they
had seized, argued that Governor Murphy pre-
vented the Sheriff from carrying out the orders
of the court. This is, indeed, a serious charge.
The voters of Michigan have an opportunity to
decide next month whether they want Governor
Murphy to serve for another term. If there are
facts, which bear on the Michigan Governor's
record, it is puzzling just why the President of
the United States should want those facts sup-
pressed. Surely, Congressional committees have
hitherto considered the sky the limit as to what
they investigat, and Mr. Roosevelt never said
a word of criticism of the famous Lobby Com-
mittee, for instance, when it was headed by Sena-
tor Black, and the Committee went so far as to
obtain in an unlawful manner private telegrams
through the connivance of the Federal Communi-
No Presidential Reprimand
Though a high Federal court denounced the
action, the President never lifted a finger to repri-
mand those who were guilty of this misuse of the
powers of a Congressional subpoena.
It might be asked, also, just what the President
was 'doing when he was discussing with Senator
Brown of Michigan, this very week, the question
of a big bridge at Mackinac in Michigan. There
are people who will believe that the White House
itself was used to tell the voters in certain sec-
tions of Michigan that Federal funds would be
available for the construction.
Likewise, it will be asked why Democratic Sen-
ators and Congressmen are selected as vehicI s of
expression for the PWA and other Federal en-
cies when public funds are to be spent their
districts, and why occasionally Republici Con-
gressmen aren't permitted to make such an-
nouncements. But doubtless all this is soon .to
come to an end, because the President has put a
ban on the use of Congressional. committeefor
political purposes, something which, in all fair-
ness, it will be contended,'should be applied to
executive departments and agencies as well.
When the President speaks of Congressional
committees engaging in "the practice of merely
providing a forum for those who for political
purposes, or otherwise, seek headlines whch they
could not otherwise get," he possibly fotgets how
often the White House doorstep has been used by
his own henchmen for that very purpose.
iay Be Objectional
Maybe it's an objectionable plan, and maybe
Congressional committees hereafter will ask the
White House what they may or may not do and
what witnesses they may or may not hear, but
any such change would deprive the politicians of
a sounding board, and the Administration itself
would certainly have to practice the same self-
The President, by his latest statement, was un-
questionably anxious to defend Governor Mur-
phy, who received his counsel and adVice during
the "sit-down" strikes and probably prevented
the enforcement of the court orders because Mr.
Roosevelt presumably advised him to adopt that
course. But it would have been much more help-
ful to Governor Murphy if the President had
frankly' and openly taken the responsibility for
preventing in Michigan that for which the
courts of Illinois now have ordered 37 persons
to go to jail in connection with the seizure of
private property and unlawful trespass. Mr.
Murphy was handling a ticklish job and may be
entitled even at this late date to forgiveness for
phis error of judgment, but it is difficult to know
why there should be no forum for debate on
these points. Surely the Dies Committee would
be glad to give Mr. Murphy a chance to present
his side of the case.
scholastic program and adequately handle their
fellow classmen's affairs.
The system would not give fair representation
to all classes. The seniors would have the field
all to themselves. According to the proposed
plans the freshmen and sophomores are to be
represented by two members, the juniors three
and the seniors four respectively. In actual opera-
tion, however, the seniors draw the largest num-
ber of recruits from campus societies and this
swells their roll in the Council immensely.
Politics will still be, highly importantt in the
Members for one year will have the powerful
privilege of nominating their successors. This
denies the student's right of self-determination
and puts his rights and the expression of his
opinions into the hands of officers whom he
elects by a sort of "take it or leave it" ballot. It
is natural to assume that nominations will be
handed out to the most forward and agressive
applicants, as is done under our present system,
with the important difference that the student
-by David Lawrence-
You of M
By Sec Terry
(We're still recuperating from our
New York excursion, so we've asked
Stan Swinton to take over for today).
By STAN SWINTON
Ann Arbor hadn't seen big-time
politics for a couple of- years, but
Monday made up for that. The town
had everything but a torch-light pa-
rade-marching bands, cigar-smoke,
public servants with over-grown tum-
mies. It was terrific. And you can't
blame the Washtenaw County Demo-
cratic Committee for handling things
a bit rustily. Traditionally, there
aren't enough Democrats in town for
a good poker-game.
It all started with the band. It was
a fine band-purple and white uni-
forms, bass horns, everything. And
right behind the band came a gaudy
red-and-black sign which pointed out
with remarkable clarity that the
State slate would speak in the Ma-
sonic Temple auditorium. Bands
hypnotize us. We followed this one
right down the middle of the street
to the Temple.
If you tried hard, you could see
through the cigar-smoke which float-
ed mistily upward from the windows.
Under the cigar smoke were a lot of
red faces plus a few familiar ones.
Ced Sweet was there to do and die
for democracy; Bob Forsythe, '41,
who's trying to live down being presi-
ident of the State Allied Youth by
membership in the Young Democrats,
Harold Ossepow and others were
They were there, it seemed, for a
luncheon. It was to be a swell lun-
cheon-chamber music, singing and
everything. A special song was all
ready for the Governor. Written by
a lady in Lansing, it ran:
"Here's to our Governor,
Hail to our Governor,
Murphy's the man of the hour.
He guides our StateI
And holds the fate of
Men both near and far, SO
Here's to our Governor,
Hail to our Governor
Murphy's the man of the hour."
,The consensus of opinion was that
it was a pretty fine song. But the
Governor didn't turn up at the lun-
cheon, so it didn't do any good. How-
ever, about 50 more people than ex-
pected did turn up. The committee
couldn't get over that. It all went
to prove, they said, that there must
have been Democrats hiding out in
the county all these years. Now that
the open season on them was over,
they dared comeout. But there was
nio food to feed the extra 50 and the
song hardly provided enough susten-
ance. So the committee refunded on
the tickets, which was very nice in-
deed as all the boys with comps
cashed in for 60 cents and went down-
town for a few quick ones before the
When the meeting started, things
were fine. Everybody praised every-
body else. A man who shook hands
with Lincoln and told him he was a
pretty good guy but ought to be a
Democrat, was introduced. Then the
minor candidates teed off. They all
were seized with an overwhelming
feeling of nostalgia at being back in
Ann Arbor. Those who'd gone to
school here had all washed dishes to
get through and thought it was the
greatest place on earth. Those who
hadn' said they had always regret-
ted not attending such a great insti-
Finally, Governor Murphy arrived,
looking terribly tired from weeks of
campaigning. The crowd shouted its
approval. He arose to speak and a
white-haired, blue-shirted workmen
wearing a tattered coat sprang to his
'"Here's to the greatest man on'
earth," he shouted.I
Murphy smiled and bent over to
shake hands with him. A gigantic
grin spread over the old man's face,
exposing several missing teeth.
"Lets sing "Hail, Hail the Gang's
All Here,"' he cried.
The crowd joined in. Then, still
shouting his regaird for the Governor,
the old man went back to his seat. The
audience bent forward, listening to
Murphy's intense, compelling voice...
Meine Herren und Signori
Clients of the British Tory,
Kindly note that number 10
Requests your patronage again.
Opening, as from day to day
As Chamberlain and Daladier,
Messrs. Hoare, Laval, successors,
For doing business with aggressors.1
Frontiers promptly liquidated,
Coups d'etat consolidated,
Pledges taken and exchanged,
Loans on Fascists risks advanced,
Nazi enterprise financed.
Given personal attention.
Have you problems of partition?
Let us send a British Mission.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
University. Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President
until 3:30: : 100 a.m. on Saturday.
(Continued from Page 2) f
perienced in handling young boys pre-
University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Infor-
mation. 201 Mason Hall. Of-
f icehours: 9-12 and 2-4.
Bronson-Thomas Prize in German.'
Value $40.00. Open to all undergrad-
uate students in German of distinctly
American training. Will be awarded
on the results of a three-hour essay
competition to be held under depart-
mental supervision in the latter half
of March, 1939 (exact date to be an-
nounced two weeks in advance).
Contestants must satisfy the Depart-
ment that they have done their read-
ing in German. The essay may be
written in English or German. Each:
contestant will be free to choose his
own subject from a list of at least 30
offered. The list will cover five chap-
ters in the development of German
literature from 1750 to 1900, each of
which will be represented by at least
six' subjects. Students who wish to
compete must be taking a course in
German (32 or above) at the time of
the competition. They should register
and obtain directions as soon as pos-
sible at the office of the German de-
partment, 204 University Hall.
The George Davis Bivin Founda-1
tion Prizes in the mentl hygiene of
childhood. The University of Michi-
gan announces, through a gift of the
George Davis Bivin Foundation,. Inc.,
the availability for the year 1938-
39 of several prizes for graduate and
I undergraduate students for the en-
e couragement of research and study
on problems concerned with the men-
tal hygiene of childhood. Similar
awards were made for, the years
1936-37 and 1937-38.
Awards of $35, $20 and $10 are
offered to graduate students for a
Master's thesis or special studies.
Awards of $20, $10 and $5 are offered
for papers submittedby advanced
The following conditions govern
1. Papers may be submitted by stu-
dents in any division ofthe Univer-
2. Doctoral dissertations are ex-
cluded from consideration for the
3. In order to be considered for an
award for the current year, papers
must reach the chairman of the com-
mittee, 2509 University Elementary
School, not later than four o'clock,
June 3, 1939.
4. Copies of all prize winning pa-
pers. are to be sent to the Secretary
of the Foundation. The Foundation
reserves Ithe right to publish such
papers if it so desires.
5. Awards may be withheld if, in
the judgment of the committee, no
papers of sufficient merit are con-
tributed. The committee also re-
serves the right to adjust the amounts
when papers of equal merit are sub-
mitted or if such division will better
serve the purposes of the grant.
6. The following committee has
been designated by the Graduate
School to administer the award:
Professor Martha guernsey - Colby,
Professor Howard Yale McClusky,
and Professor Willard C. Olson
C. S. Yoakum,
English 85 will not meet on Thurs-
day, Oct. 27. K. T. Rowe.
Choral Union Concerts. Lawrence
Tibbett, baritone, assisted by Stewart
Wille, pianist, will ofen the, Choral
Union Concert Series Thursday eve-
nipg at 8:30 o'clock in Hill Auditori-
um. Doors open at 7:45. -A limited
number of season tickets and tickets
for individual concerts are available
at the office of the School of Music.
The Hill Auditorium box office will be
open at 7:30 p.m. Thursday evening
at 7 o'clock.
An Exhibition of Early Chinese
Pottery: Originally held in conjunc-
tion with the Summer Institute of
Far Eastern Studies, now re-opened
by special request with alterations
and additions. Oct. 12-Nov. 5. At
the College of Architecture. Daily
(excepting Sundays) 9 to 5.
University Lectures: Dr.. Albert
' Charles Chibnall, Professor of Bio-
chemistry at Imperial College of Sci-
ence and Technology, University of
London, will give the following lec-
tures: under the auspices of the De-,
partment of Biochemistry:
Nov. 4, 4:15 p.m., Amphitheatre,
Horace H. Rackham School of Grad-
uate Studies, ,The Preparation and
Chemistry of the Proteins of Leaves."
Nov. 4, 8:15 p.m., Room 303 Chem-
istry Building, "The Application of
at the University of Maryland) will
lecture on "The Chemistry and Phar-
macology of Ergot" on Thursday,
Nov. 10, at 4:15 p.m., in Room 165
Chemistry Building, ander the auspi-
ces of the College of Pharmacy. The
public is cordially invited.
Public Lecture: Dr. George W. Crane
of the psychology department, North-
western University, will speak on "A
Psychoanalysis of Journalism," in
the amphitheatre of the Rackham
building, Thursday, Oct. 27, at 2
p.m., under the auspices of the
University Press Club of Michigan.
The University public is invited to
Dean Henry M. Bates of the Law
School will speak on "Law as a Pro-
fession" in the first of the 1938-39
Vocational Guidance Lectures. The
lecture will be held in the small ball-
room of thebUnion on Thursday, Oct.
27, 1938, frm 4:30 to 5:30. All in-
terested students are invited to at-
Public Lecture on Aviation: Dr. T.
Theodorsen, Chief, Physical Re-
search Division of the National Ad-
visory Committee for Aeronautics,
will give a lecture on recent research
problems in aeronautics, at 4:15 p.m.
Friday, Oct. 28, in the Amphitheatre,
third, floor, Rackham Building. All
interested are cordially invited to
Varsity Glee Club. Full rehearsal
at Glee Club Rooms, 4:15 today, in-
stead of 7:30. Important business.
Varsity Glee Club Reserve Division.
Full rehearsal with Varsity Club at
University Girls Glee Club: Last
tryouts for all persons who are in-
terested in joining the Glee Club
and have not as" yet tried out ,, will
be held this afternoon from 4
until .5 in the League. There will be
a regular meeting at 7:15 in the
League for all regular members.
All Ann Arbor naependent Women
living in private homes should come
to the rehearsal and short social
meeting today in the Michigan
League. If you expect to come to the
tea, it is especially important that
you attend this meeting.
Omega Upsilon: There will be an
important meeting this evening at
7:15 p.m. at the League. All mem-
bers must be present.
Kappa Phi: There will be a rush-
ing dinner at Stalker Hall on Oct.
27 at 6 o'clock.
The Observatory Journal Club will
'meet at 4:15 today in the Observatory
lecture room. Mr. Herbert R. J.
Grosch will speak on "Recent The-
ories of the Constitution of Eclips-
ing Binaries." Tea will be served
at 4 p.m.
Phi Epsilon Kappa will hold its
pledge meeting at the Union tonight
at 9 p.m. The room number will be
posted on the bulletin board in the
lobby. All members and pledges are
expected to be present.
'Lutheran Students are cordially
invited to attend the Scavenger
Hunt and Hallowe'en Party to be
given tonight by the Young People
of St. Paul's Ev. Lutheran Church.
Meet at 7:15 at the Church, corner
W. Liberty and Third.
The second League duplicate bridge
tournament will be held tonight at
7:15 in the Ethel Fountain Hussey
Room. Reservations must be made
at the League desk in person or by
telephone before noon today.
The Weekly Hillel Tea will be held
at the Foundation today at 3:30 p.m.
All are welcome.
Foreign News Forum: The Univer-
sity public is invited to attend a for-
um discussion of the handling of
European news by radio and press
associations. The speakers will be
the executive directors of the Na-
tional and the Columbia Broadcast-
ing Company, New York City, 'and
the directors of the Associated and
the United Press Association, New
York. Union Ballroom, at 2 p.m.,
Friday, Oct. 2P.
Architects, Engineers, Dec. Design
Students are invited to hear "Practi-
cal Problems in Lighting Equipment
Design" discussed and illustrated by
George P. Wakefield, designer for
F. W. Wakefield Brass Company,
makers of lighting specialties, at
4:15 p.m., Friday, Oct. 28 in Room
246 West Engineering Building. All
who are interested are invited.
Hallowe'en at the International
Center: Monday evening next, Oct.