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VOL. XLIX. No. 108
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MARCH 3, 1939
__ _ _ _ _ _--__ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
Senator Johnson Charges
Leading U.S. Into War
Says U. S. Wants
WASHINGTON, March 2.-('P)-
Senator Johnson (Rep., Calif.) lev-
eled a forefinger at the Senate today
and warned it, as one who sat in
that body in the trying days of 1917,
that "insidious propaganda" is at
work again to lead this nation into
Lay'ng down a two-point foreign
policy, which he said would have the
thoroughgoing support of the public,.
he declared in a rising voice:
"First, America wants no war.
America will fight to defend herself,
but America wants no war.
"And secondly, America will have
no entangling alliances; not only that,
but America will have no commit-
The Day In Washington
Before the Senate Banking
Committee, Senator Glass, (Dem.,
Va.), disputed Secretary Morgen-
thu's contention that there was
need to continue President Roose-
velt's broad monetary powers.
A House committee approved
giving President Roosevelt author-
ity to reorganize Government de-
The Administration was re-
ported looking into the possibility
of getting war materials not avail-
able in this country from war debt-
ors as payments on the debts.
Thomas A. Rickert, head of the
United Garment Workers Union,
was appointed an American Fed-
~Belief In Divinity Possible Only
By Supreme Faith' - - Niebuhr
Theologian Presents View
Of Protestants In Last
Of SRA Series On God
It is impossible to arrive at a con-
cept of God by reason; a supreme
faith in the notion that God trans-
cends existence, that he is the creator,
judge and redeemer of existence, is
the only means, Prof. Reinhold Nie-
buhr told a capacity crowd in Rack-
ham Auditorium last night, closing
the SRA series on the "Existence and
Nature of God."
Presenting the Protestant view-
point on a subject which had been
treated -om the agnostic view by
Bertrand Rossell and from the Cath-
olic standpoin4 by the Rt. Rev. Masgr.
Sheen, Professor Niebuhr, who teaches
Applied Christianity at Union Theo-
logical Seminary, emphasized that
religion is the implicit sense of life's
meaning. And, in that same respect,
God is the ground, the end of life's
meaing, the beginning of our think-
ing and the end. "Whenever we rea-
son if God exists,' he said, "we as-
sunw our God."
Life Has Deep Meaning
Speaking excitedly, with many
head and hand gestures, Professor
Niebuhr pointed out that life does
not have a simple meaning; it is al-
ways threatened and threatening.
And, he continued, any simple ex-
planation of life must be wrong be-
cause life itself is complex. Using
a young Nazi as an example, he ex-
plained that his meaning in life is
the nation, the glory of the Germai}
Program Follows On Heels
Of Boastful Declaration
By German Air Ministry
state. But what happens when the
nation falls? This meaning breaks
down. "We who have a meaning in
life," Professor Niebuhr asserted,
'are always seeking more."
Giving a brief resume of the his-
utory of philosophy, Professor Nie-
buhr described four schools on the
subject of the existence of God and
the universe: the Platonic, or school
of reason and rationality; the natur-
alists, led by Aristotle; the classical
mystics; and, the one that he himself
embraces, the Hebraic - Christian
school of supreme faith.
'Majestic Because Miserable'
Man is different from the Platonic,
18th Century and Nietzche concept,
he declared. Man is made in the1
image of God, but he essentially is a
creature, dependent, not only with
reason but also endowed with spirit.
This ma}, he continued, can rise
above reason; else how can he try to
get rid of reason? "Man is much more
majestic and much more miserable,"
he stated, "and he is majestic be-
cause he is miserable."
By MORTON L. LINDER
It took Prof. Reinhold Niebuhr
exactly three minutes and forty-three
seconds to go over the European situ-
ation and to predict that, while an-
other war is quite inevitable, we will
first have another crisis similar to
the Czech incident, to be precipitated
by Italian demands on France.
In this record-time analysis, Pro-
fessor Niebuhrasaid that he is con-
vinced that, had the American em-
bargo of arms to Spain been lifted
in time, Spain would have been saved.
He added, however, that it was hard
to say just what "in time" meant.
He implied, however, that, if the em-
bargo had not been enforced against
Loyalist Spain, Franco and his help-
ers would not have been able to make
their rebellion successful.
Intervention, Professor Niebuhr ex-
ha , Is 6nb of the Most
dishonest, two-faced policies ever to
be followed by any respectable na-
tion. And the major portion of the
blame, he went on, is to be placed on
Britain and her semi-fascist Tories.
While on this subject, Professor Nie-
buhr made it quite clear that he did
not think British politics and par-
ticularly her maneuverings of late
were exactly in the most unselfish
tradition. "The British office guaran-
teed a Franco victory, hedeclared.
Had the United States declared
herself decidedly against a policy of
non-intervention, he pointed out, we
would have secured a prestige and a
world-admiration and we would have
strengthened immeasurably our posi-
tion as world-leaders.. By collaborat-
ing in the plot, however, we aligned
ourselves with the wrong and dis-
honest side, 'he said.
Referring to France and the recent
colonial demands of Italy, Professor
Niebuhr said that he though that
France would capitulate and give
Tunisia to Mussolini. This, he main-
tained, will be the new crisis, and it
is difficult to say whether another
Muiich will be satisfactory. France
has no clear policy of any kind; she
is tied to the apronstrings of Bri-
tain, and, Professor Niebuhr, empha-
sized, non-intervention was much
more harmful to France than Britain.
Naming Petain Minister
To Franco Called Bid
For Insurgents' Favor
Ports Are Closed
To Loyalist Goods
PARIS, March 2-(P)-France to-
day began a new effort to bring about
the end of the 31-month-old Spanish
Civil War with the unconditional sur-
render of the Spanish Republicans,
and at that same time appointed
Marshal Henri Phillipe Petain as
ambassador to Nationalist Spain.
Marshal Petain, who taught Gen-
eralissimo Francisco Franco many
years ago at France's war college,
was named ambassador in the hope
he would win his former pupil away
from Italian and German influence.
Pressure On Madrid
Cooperation with the Nationalists
to close French ports to shipments
of all supplies to Republican terri-
tory was one of the first evidences
of pressure on the Madrid regime.
The French action served to illus-
trate a declaration to the Chamber
of Deputies' Foreign Affairs Com-
mittee by Foreign Minister Georges
Bonnet that France and Great Bri-
tain were working to give nationalist
Spain a quick victory while Italy
seemed to desire continuation of hos-
Rome Wants Troops In Spain
An explanation of this paradoxical
situation was advanced by official
3,ssertions that the Fascists wished
to keep their troops in Spain as a
threat to France while the two wes-
tern democracies were assured by
the Nationalists that the Italians
would leave immediately when the
Official Nationalist dispatches from
Burgos said fresh revolutionary plots
had broken out' in Spanish Republi-
Three Republican naval command-
ers were alleged to have been sent-
enced to death because they "were
disgusted with.the proposal of Gov-
ernment leaders to install offices
Eugenio Cardinal Pacell
Becomes Pope Pius XII
.In Wdige. Act,
(Editor's Note: This is the second
of two articles dealing with the
machinery of the Fair Labor Stand-
By JACK CANAVAN
A plea for caution in "efforts to
raise wages by law" was voiced today
by Prof. Z. Clark Dickinson of the
economics department, member of In-
dustry Committee 1-A for recbm-
mending a minimum hourly wage for
the woolen and worsted industry.
He declared the machinery of the
Fair Labor Standards Act better
adopted to sound wage-determining
policy than the wage procedures of
the late NRA, "especially from the
standpoint of representation of the
"The outstanding contrast," he de-
clared, "is between the furious speed
with which industry codes were put
into effect under the NRA and the
deliberate progress being made under
the present Wage and Hour law to-
ward industry adjustments. (In both
cases blanket minimum wages and
maximum hours were provided at the
"Less striking yet significant dif-
ferences appear in the respective pro-
visions for representation within each
industry of employers, employes and
the public," Professor Dickinson
pointed out. "The available em-
ployer and worker representatives are
better informed and organized now
than in the NRA days.
"In the NRA, the public was rep-
resented by a comparatively few of-
ficials in the Washington adminis-
tration (the Administrator's imme-
diate assistant and his Consumer's
Advisory Board); whereas the new
act provides that the Administrator
shall as soon as practicable appoint
a committee for each industry .
(which) . . . shall include a number
of disinterested persons representing
the public, one of whom the Admin-
(Continued on Page 6)
VATICAN CITY, March 2-(P)--Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli was elect
Pope today and took the name of Pius XII on his 63rd birthday in one
history's shortest conclaves. He was chosen on the third ballot in the fi
day of voting.
He became the 262nd Pontiff, Spiritual Ruler of 331,500,000 Cathol
and temporal sovereign of Vatican City just 20 days after the death of P
- XI, whom he served ,as Papal Sec
w -tary of State for eight years.
As Papal Secretary of State he we
:: to the United States in 1936 and w
received by President Roosevelt.
PeoplI fainted in the crush of 15
000 faithful who jammed St. Pete
Square to receive the benediction
the tall, thin and ascetic diplon
who was raised by his brother Prin
of the Church to the Vicarage
It was a popular election acco
plished in three ballotings wits
24 hours after the 62 Cardinals, I
full membership of the Sacred Cc
lege,mhadbeen locked in secret Co
His % quick election broke seve
precedents of recent concldves.
Eyes On His Nazi Policy
It came in one day; it was in t
afternoon; it placed a native Romr
at the head of the Roman Catho
Church; and it was broadcast.
Not since 1721, when Innocent .
POPE PIUS XII. was elected, has the College of C
dinals made a Roman the Bishop
Rome and Sovereign Pontiff of
Prof. iorence Vatican Prelates and Italians ai
expected Pius XII, a member 01
0O Talk Here noble Roman family long promin
in church affairs, to carry on in ma
4 a ~ ~ ~'~'.' -# ~14..~~
ommittee to seeK peace ,e-
1 the AFL and CIO.
6r 1 1 IIIIYI
nents, no understandings or agree-
ments by which we may be taken in-
to the vortex of a war, or by which we
might be taken into the disputes of
While the Californian, veteran of
many a fight to keep America from
what he terms "foreign involvements,"
was criticizing President Roosevelt's
foreign policy as leading to "sanc-
tions," which he called worse than
war itself, the hubbub over 'national
defense and foreign policy continued
Largest Peace-Time Appropriation
The House began consideration of
the largest annual appropriation bill
for the War Department ever to come
before it in time of peace-nearly
$500,000,000. And early in the de-
bate, it received a warning from Rep-
resentative Snyder '(Dem., Pa.), in
charge of the measure on the floor,
that as soon as Congress decides up-
on the scope of the proposed expan-
sion of the air corps:
"Very sizeable (additional) amounts
will be asked, to provide 'critical
items' of equipment, which would be
needed in an emergency, such as an-
ti-aircraft artillery, semi-automatic
rifles, anti-tank guns, tanks, light
and heavy artillery, ammunition and
The ensuing discussion evoked from
Rep. Luther A. Johnson (Dem., Tex.),
a member of the Foreign Affairs Com-
mittee, a statement that for several
years Great Britain had followed a
policy of appeasing "these dictator
nations" and that "every act of ap-
peasement had only made war the
Applicants To Administer
Voting In Senate Race
A meeting of an applicants for po-
sitions on the Student Senate elec-
tions board will be held at 4 p.m. to-
day in the Union.
The coming Student Senate elec-
tion, Friday, March 31, will be ad-
ministered by this board, headed by
Edward Magdol, '39. In issuing the
call for board members, Magdol point-
announced a 65 per cent boost in her
airforce appropriations today close on
the heels of a ,declaration by Ger-
many that the Nazis intended to
maintain their advantage in war-
Air Secretary Sir Kingsley Wood
submittedrestimates to the House of
Commons calling for the spending of
the record sum of 220,626,700 pounds
($1,103,133,500) for the 1839-40 fis-
cal year starting April 1.
This huge outlay for the Empire's
air branch was disclosed only a day
after Air Minister Field Marshal Her-
mann Wilhelm Goering of Germany
warned that the Reich was producing
planes "in numbers and of quality
which seemed unthinkable."
Sir Kingsley Wood's figures in-
creased Britain's 1939-40 defense
costs announced thus far to 535,426,-
381 pounds ($2,677,131,905) , and the
general budget of 1,070,022,462 ($5,-
350,112,310). The general figures in-
clude an appropriation of $2,000,000,-
000 for civil services.
Another appropriation of approxi-
mately $1,000,000,000 for debt charges
was expected to boost the general
budget to around $6,250,000,000 when
Sir John Simon, Chancellor of the
Exchequer, introduces it next month.
Series March 9
Popular Budapest Artists
End Choral Union's
The Choral Unioi will close one of
its most successful seasons in its 60- UAW President Suspends
year history Thursday, March 9, when Two Board Members
it will present the Roth String Quar-
tet of Budapest, famed string en- DETROIT, March 2.-(P)--Sus-
pension of two more members of the
semble group, in Hill Auditorium, in United Automobile Workers' Execu-
its second local appearance. tive Board was Homer Martin's an-
The organization consists of Feri swer today to a move by his CIO-sup-
Roth, founder and first violin, Jenn ported opponents to undermine the
Antal, second violin, Ferenc Molnar, convention he has called to meet
viola, and Janos Scholz, cello. Each here Saturday.
of the members was trained in the Martin acted against Loren Hous-
tradition of the world famous Buda- er of Detroit and Charles E. Madden!
pest Conservatory of Music and was of Pontiac, bringing to 17 the num-
a solo artist of distinction before the ber of members of the original 24-
group was formed in 1926. man board whom he has suspended.
The group made its American de- The suspended majority in turn has
but in 1928, and since then, its pop- moved to impeach him as president
ularity has spread throughout the setting his trial for Cleveland, March
country. It has been especially well- 11.
received at American universities, ap- Today's moye came as a labor dis
pearing at more than 50 in the last pute unconnected with UAW factiona
decade. strife closed the Chrysler Corpora-
"Playing for college audiences is an tion's Dodge forge and truck plant
experience which always gives us a throwing about 1,400 men out of work
new thrill," Mr. Roth says. "Some of
the members of our college audiences
are so well educated in music thatth a e i l c i l a d e n
they are highly critical, and we know vi y P o u to
dustry, balanced by intimate ac-
quaintance with theoretical econom-
ics, according to Prof. Z. C. Dickin-
son of the economics department.
Since his student days when he was
active in the Fabian Society, he has
been on intimate terms with liberal
Arrive On Chinese Soil
TSINGTAO, China, March 2.-(IP)
-Several thousand fresh soldiers
from Japan have arrived here to re-
inforce, the armies in China.
The incoming troops appeared
l much younger than the men who
formed the units which arrived in
, China at the outbreak of the unde-
. clared war.
galled Selfish ByHenemn
Collective Scurity .d.
Supported By Opposition
Parties, Says Professor
By ELLIOTT MARANISS
The people of the United States
should not be misled about what to
expect from the present British gov-
ernment in the matter of interna-
tional relations today, Prof. H. J.
Heneman of the political science de-
partment said in an interview with
The Daily yesterday.
"When we speak of Britain's atti-
tude towards foreign affairs," Pro-
fessor Heneman said, "one question
that must always be asked is: which
"If one is searching for those in
Britain who support the League sys-
tem and the ideal of collective action,
for those who are in favor of peaceful
culated by Britain to be best in serv-
ing her own national interests, re-
;ardless of the consequence to others.
She has done this in past and she
follows such policies at present. To
expect otherwise is futile and ideal-r
istic, he said.- 1 .
In reviewing the policies of Brit-
ish governments prior to the Munich
settlement, however, Professor Hene-
man declared that he found that sev-
eral apparently contradictory courses'
have been followed in pursuit of this
desired end of national self-interest.
In general three classifications of
policy can be made.
It was suggested, by some, that
Great Britain strengthen her ties
with the League system and endeavor
to make collective security a reality.
These groups suggested that, Britain
become a champion to lead in the
punishment of aggressor states who
that we must play even better than
our best for them."
Art Cinema Shows
Soviet Film Today
"The Childhood of Maxim Gorky,"
Soviet film, will be shown at the'
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre at 8:15
p.m. today and tomorrow, under the
auspices of the Art Cinema league.
'The picture was shown here for
the first time last night and has re-
ceived praise from members of the
audience. Prof. Mentor L. Williams,
of the English department, praised
it as "surpassing most Hollywood
Two Gentlemen Of Verona'
"Who Is Sylvia? What is she cate and full of wit. We hope to do
That all our swains commend her?" this play in its youthful charm, buoy-
-Shakespeare, "Two Gentle- ancy, and in certain aspects its low
men of Verona." comedy."
"Two Gentlemen of Verona" was
Ann Arbor will learn the answer to selected also because of the warm
that immortal song when Play Pro- reception given Play Production's
duction presents "Two Gentlemen of "Henry VIII" several years ago.
Verona" from March 29 to April 1, It was written during Shakespeare's
at the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. youth and was described by Professor
A matinee'will also be given onSatur- Windt as "a treasure house of ideas
day, April 1. which were fully realized in his later
Play Production has already pre- masterpieces; the beginnings of what
sented the better known, and over- was later seen in "Twelfth Night,'
done, Shakespearian plays and the "Romeo and Juliet," "The Merchant
present vehicle was selected to ac- of Venice," and others, he explained
quaint the community with this play Such notable Shakespearian char.