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May 28, 1939 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-05-28

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:F

Weather
Showers and cooler today, with
moderate southerly winds.

L

46P *p
gun

~Iaiti

Editorial
in Memoriam
Ernst Toller

VOL. XLIX. No. 174 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MAY 28, 1939
U U

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Scholarship
Honors Won
By Engineers
Six Funds Provide Prizes
To Be Given To Students
With Highest Records
Donavan Award
Conferred On 25
Forty-three students in the College
of Engineering , will receive sciolar-
ships for outstanding scholastic rec-
ords from six funds administered by
the college, it was announced today.
Cornelius Donavan Scholarships,
awarded to general engineering stu-
denst with over 45 units of work com-
pleted, will be given to the following
25 students: H. B. Battey, '41E, Roch-
ester, N.Y.; Geo. 1. Bouton, Jr., '40E,
Detroit; Eltner R. Britton, '40E, Seat-
tle; Charles E. Chandler, '40E, Owos-
so; Fredrick M. DeBoe, '40E, Grand
Rapids; D. B. Dunlap, '40E, Highland
Park; Bryce M. Emunson, '41E, Mani-
stee; Avard F. Fairbanks, Jr., '41E,
Ann Arbor and Albert Feldman, '41E,
Gloversville, N.Y.
Winners Continue
Charles H. Forbes, '40E, Flint; How-
ard P. Fox, '40E, Detroit; Carling
Havermans, '40E, Muskegon; A. J.
Hodge, '40E, Grand Rapids; Harold J.
Holmes,'41E, Ann Arbor; Gordon K.
Hood, Jr., '41E, Syracuse, N.Y.; Jack
Huebler, '41E, Ann Arbor; Robert L.
Jackson, '39E, Saginaw; Richard W.
Kebler, '42E, Owosso; Robert K. Mc-
Camey, '40E, Bradford, Pa.; Donald
H. Nichols, '40E, Cresco, Ia.; Edward
J. Parish, '40E, Corning, N.Y.; Robert
R. Selfridge, '41E, Fenton; Jack H.
Shuler, '40E,' Pontiac; Gene Wallace,
Grand Rapids and Charles J. Stern,
Jr., '41E, Miami.
Robert Campbell Gemmell Mem-
orial Scholarships for freshmen and
sophomore engineers were awarded
to David W. Burton, '42E, Harbor
Springs; Wilber C. Nordstrom, '42E,
East Aurora, N.Y.; Dorman J.
Shwartz, '42E, Pontiac, and Peter A.
Weller, Jr., '42E, Holland.
Hunt Scholars Listed
Harriet Eveleen Hunt Scholarships
for students with at least 15 hours of
work will be received by the follow-
ing students: Carl F. Binder, '41E,
Ann Arbor; David D. Bowe, '39E, Mt.
Clemens; James E Davoli, 41E, Buf-
falo N.Y.; Harry G. Drickamer, '40E,
East Cleveland; Edward H. Lebeis, jr.,
'39E, Mamaroneck, N.Y.; Joseph J.
Lewis, '40E, Stony Creek, Conn. and
Charles J. Stern, jr., '41E, Miami.
Frank Sheehan Scholarships for
aeronautical engineers have been
(Continued on Page 3)
Chilean Control
Of Oil Is Seen
U.S. And British Firms
May Be Liquidated
SANTIAGO, Chile, May 27.-(P)-
Finance Minister Roberto Wach-
holtz was reported tonight to have
warned United States and British oil
companies that a government mono-
poly for distribution and sale of
petroleum products in Chile would be
established by Sept. 3.
The foreign companies, it was said,
were advised to liquidate their distri-
bution organizations within three

months. The companies already have
begun giving dismissal notices to
employes.
Wachholtz' notice, authoritative
sources said, was served on the West
India Oil Company, subsidiary of the
Standard Oil Company of New Jer-
sey, and Shellmex of Chile, subsidi-
ary of the Royal Dutch Shell. Total
value of the storage tanks, refineries
and other installations of the two
companies is' estimated at $9,000,000.
Lecturer Upholds
Greatness Of Bible
The Bible is the supreme literary
achievement of all ages to be studied
stated Rev. Wilbur M. Smith in his
lecture last night at the Union. The
very educators who set the standards
of modern education have affirmed
this fact, he said.
In order to arrive at this conclu-
sion, Rev. Smith said that a great
book is one that reaches the great-
est number of people. It must have
he added, the largest number of in-

English Students Are Prepared
To Go To War, Educator Says

Speaks Here Friday

S. J. Worsley Visits Here
On Tour Of Universities;
Tells Of British Tension
By PAUL M. CHANDLER
One of England's outstanding edu-
cators, a war veteran who still de-
scribes his experiences on the battle-
fields of France as the mosthhorrible
of any in his life, in an interview
yesterday told a dark and near-hope-
less story of England today prepar
ing and expecting a war with the
armies of Adolf Hitler.
He is S. J. Worsley, Academic Reg-
istrar of the University of London,
who is now concluding a tour of in-
spection of United States colleges and
universities. He arrived in Ann Ar-
bor yesterday.
'Sooner The Better'
College students of England have
become so annoyed from the pro-
longed tension of international crises
that they now have adopted a fatalis-
tic, "the sooner the better" attitude,
Worsley declared.
And it is the conge students who
will be the biggest source of fighting
men if an international tragedy
should occur, he said. English uni-
versities are being fitted to serve an
all-important role in national defense
and in reconstruction after the devas-
tation is completed.
This is being done by the estab-
lishment of a half dozen different
college army divisions, by an en-
largement of the number of student
brnches of the Royal Air Force, and
by preparation for immediate evacua-
tion of the university in case of an
emergency.
War Replaces Education
College officials in England today
are forced to devote so much time to
the consideration of war threats, that
the educational program is losing
Police epulse
Union Pickets
At Tiger Park'
Homer Martin-CIO Feud
Complicates Mediation;
End Of Strike Predicted
DETROIT, May 27.-(P)-Demon-
strators of the CIO-United Automo-
bile Workers were repulsed by
mounted policemen today in an at-
tempt to solicit support for the Briggs
Manufacturing Co. strike by throw-
ing a picket line around Briggs Stadi-
um, home of the Detroit Tigers.
There were several skirmishes be-
tween three score policemen and the
pickets, whose numbers were esti-
mated at 3,000, but no one was in-
jured. The mounted pattrolmen drove
the demonstrators out of Trumbull
Avenue, clearing the entrances to the
stadium. Four women and 12 men
were arrested.
The disturbance had subsided well
before game time, and 15,000 or more
fans wer'e in the park when the first
game of a doubleheader between the
Tigers and the St. Louis Browns be-
gan.
James F. Dewey, Federal Labor De-
partment conciliator, will resume
strike peace conferences with union
and company representatives Mon-
day. Although little apparent pro-
gress has been made, Dewey has ex-
pressed the hope that the men could
return to work Wednesday, following
the Memorial Day holiday.
A dispute between the CIO-UAW
and theindependent UAWfaction
headed by Homer Martin has com-
plicated the Briggs dispute.
The CIO faction, claiming to have
"virtually 100 per cent" of the Briggs
employes, demands a provision for
a "union shop" in the new contract,

excluding Martin's faction. Martin,
however, has negotiated with the
Briggs management since the strike
began and announced today that he
would submit a draft of a proposed
contract Monday.
The UAW-CIO Briggs local threat-
ened to withdraw from all negotia-
tions unless the company ceased
meeting with Martin.
'Ensian Distribution
Resumes Tomorrow
Copies of the 1939 'Ensian wil
again be distributed at the Student
Publications Building Monday, fron
9 a.m. to 5 p.m., it was an-
nounced today by Charles L. Kettler
'39E, Business Manager.

much of its effectiveness, Worsley
asserted.
The London educator insists that
the government of Prime Minister
Chamberlain is still secure. "People
are afraid of an upheaval, because
of the possible weakness it might cre-
ate in the defensive frontier of the
country. So they will continue to
support Chamberlain, whether they
approve of his policies or not."
The purpose of Worsley's visit in
the United States, which is finaucd
by the Rockefeller Foundation, is to
examine American colleges and to
seek methods by which the English.
schools may be improved.
Coast To Coast Trip
Our universities have been more
successful than England in integrat-
ing professional schools into the regu-
lar university program; in providing
schools of journalism; in offering ade-
quate health service facilities; and
in developing a system whereby
scholarly university books can be
published, he declared.
His trip has taken him from coast
to coast, and to some 25 colleges and
universities. He arrived in March
and will return to England in June.
State Mailmen
End Two-Day
Meeting Here
Speakers At Final Banquet
Talk On Public Relations
Of Post Office Employes
With a dinner beginning with fruit
cocktail (opened by mistake), through
new potatoes (received unsealed), to
coffee (first class), the Michigan
State Association of Letter Carriers
ended its 40th annual convention
here last night at the Union.
Introduced by toastmaster John L.
Brumm, professor in the journalism
department, were principal speakers
Frank Devine, Ann Arbor attorney;
Frank X. Martel, 'president of the
Wayne County Federation of Labor;
and Clarence F. Stinson, assistant
national secretary of the National
Association of Letter Carriers.
No group connected with the gov-
ernment, Devine told the delegates,
comestcloser to the people they serve
than the letter carriers. Other gov-
ernment men "don't seem to care
much until election time," he said.
Martel spoke of the need of inter-
est in public affairs by every citizen.
"It is only through organizations
such as you have that we can make
the voice of the common people
heard," he informed the carriers.
Emphasizing the magnitude of the
postal service, Stinson stated figures
on the net expenses and profits of
the system telling the delegates, "You
are employees of the greatest busi-
ness in the world, the Post Office
Department."
Various national and state officers
of the Association and the Ladies'
Auxiliary were called upon by toast-
(Continued on Page 2)
Second Ocean Hop Begins
NEW YORK, May 27.-(P)--The
Atlantic Clipper, sister ship of the
Yankee Clipper which completed the
first scheduled round trip mail flight
to Europe today, took off at 3:26 p.m.
on the second transatlantic flight of
Pan American Airways' announced

CARL VAN DOREN

Pulitzer .Prize
Winner Talks
HereFriday
Winners of the 1939 Hopwood con-
tests will be announced following ak
lecture by Carl Van Doren, Pulitzer
prize winner, at 4:15 p.m. Friday in
the Rackham Auditorium.
Van Doren, whose biography, "LifeE
of Benjamin Franklin," won a Pulitz-
er prize three weeks ago, will speakE
on "The First American Man of Let-
ters."
A graduate ofthe University of Il-
linois, he cooperated with Zona Gale,
Joseph Wood Krutch and Glenn
Frank in establishing thesLtierary
'Guild in 1926. He has served ast
managing editor of "The Cambridge
History of American Literature,"
"Century Magazine"and "Nation."
His books have included a history,
of American literature, criticisms of
the modern novel, and biographies ofI
James Branch Cabell, Sinclair Lewis
and Jonathan Swifth.
Hopwood awards will be made in3
the fields of fiction, drama, essay1
and poetry, both in major and minor(
divisions. Major awards in the con-1
test have in the part run from $500
to $2,000, the amount being at the dis-
cretion of the judges, and depend-
ing on the merit and value of the'
work submitted. Two minor awards
of $250 each are usually made in
each of the literary divisions.
Tennis Team
Triumphs, 9-0
Michigan Whips Duquesne
For 16th Victory
By ARNOLD DANA
Led by four seniors who made the
final home appearance of their
careers, the Wolverine Varsity net-
men whitewashed the Duquesne Uni-
versity netters, 9-0, yesterday at Pal-
mer Field. Due to a sudden downpour
the doubles matches were forced in-
doors, and were played off in the In-
tramural Building.
Capt. Don Percival paced Michigan
to its 15'h win as against four de-
feats as he downed Ed Pasqualicco,
r)-1, 2-6, 6-4. Pasqualicco had not
been beaten since he met Percival
earlier in the year, when the Weir-
men also shut out Duquesne, and
had run up a 14 match winning
streak.
Following Percival's example, but
in a more decisive fashion, the other
two senior singles players, Ed Mor-
(Continued on Page 7)

'Union Shop'
Won In Hard
Coal Industry
UMW Secures Exclusive
Bargaining Right, Adds
100,000 Miners To Rolls
Harlan Mine Owners
Are Sole Holdouts
NEW YORK, May 27.- (AP) -The
union shop domain of John L. Lewis'
United Mine Workers of America was
extended today to the hard coal in-
dustry and its more than 100,000
miners.
The 49-year-old labor organiza-
tion, which only two weeks ago, after
a stormy and prolonged fight, won a
union shop in the soft coal industry,
gained a similar concession from
Pennsylvania's anthracite operators
in a new two-year wage; and-hour
contract.
Sought To Block AFL
The union shop clause was sought
by the UMW fountainhead of the
Congress of Industrial Organizations
which Lewis also heads, to block in-
cursions by the AFL Progressive Min-
ers and other rivals.
It provides that as a condition of
employment all miners except those
specifically exempted shall be mem-
bers of the United Mine Workers, and
recognizes the union as the exclusive
bargaining agent for these employes.
The contract, effective at midnight,
will leave only a few coal mines in
the country outside the UMW fold.
The principal exceptions are the soft
coal mines of the Harlan County Coal
operators Association in Kentucky,
and mines worked by progressives,
most of which are in southern Illi-
nois.
Harlan Sole Holdout
The Harlan County Association,
now operating without a union con-
tract under protection of National
Guard troops, is the sole holdout of
the six which refused to sign the
Appalachian Conference agreement
reached here a fortnight ago after
nine weeks of negotiations. The
others have since capitulated.
The anthracite contract continues
the wages and hours of the old
agreement which expired April 30: a
seven-hour day, five-day week and
wages in some 50 different classifica-
tions. Work continued uninterrupt-
ed throughout the negotiations by 12
men, begun April 18.
The agreement was approved
unanimously by the operators last
night. Lewis confidently predicted
it would be ratified by the union
membership in a referendum to be
held next week either in Washington
or the anthracite district.

Plan

- -

Plans Tax Revision

SECRETARY MORGENTHAU

Cordell Hull Sends
Neutrality Revision

To Congress

1
3
C
3
'I

schedule.

Set Designer Tells Of Method
By Which Scenes Are Produced

Michigan Fantasy
Recordings Made r
For Campus Salea
"Michigan Fantasy," as played by1
the Varsity Band, will be preserved
for posterity following more than 100c
requests, Band officials revealed yes-
terday.
Unprecedented demand that Don
Chown's music be recorded resulted
in stamping of recordings for the first
general campus distribution in his-
tory.
Seniors and other students flooded
Band members with so many ques-
tions as to where the piece could be
purchased that it was decided to
make them available at the Broad-
casting Service, Morris Hall, at cost
price of one dollar. Monday night
was set as deadline for orders so that
recordings can be ready before school'
is out.
Irvine Will Speak
To Drama Classes
Harry Irvine, who had the leading
role in "American Landscape," Dra-
matic Season play which closed last
night, will speak to the Play Pro-
duction classes of Prof. Valentine B.
Windt at 10 and 11 a.m. tomorrow
in the Laboratory Theatre. The lec-
tures will be open to the public.
Veteran actor and president of the
Shakespeare Federation of America,
Irvine will discuss his experience
in interpreting Shakespearean plays.
FBI Reported In Probe
Of State Gambling Racket
DETROIT, May 27.-(P)-John S.

Ile
Varsity Nin*e, ci
Behind Barry, ,
Beats Purdue f
l
[unior Star Holds Rivals n
To Four Hits ; Gedeon, c
Peckinpaugh Hit Well b
LAFAYETTE, Ind., May 27. - n
:Special to The Daily)-A slick four- t
it pitching perfgrmance by "Silent ci
Tack" Barry and some timely hitting
y Elmer Gedeon and Capt. Walt S
?eckinpaugh gave the Michigan base- P
>all team a 3-2 victory over Purdue c
iere today and clinched at least a B
Third-place position in the Big Ten g
race for the Wolverines. R
Gedeon and Peckinpaugh each col- p
lected three hits in four trips to the u
plate to lead the Varsity's 11-hit u
ttack on pitcher Johnny Emmert,
while Barry was in difficulty only in
the fifth inning as he handcuffed n
he Boilermaker batters with ease.' f
Gedeon's big bat accounted forn
Michigan's first two scores. In the
irst inning, after Freddie Trosko had
walked and Peckinpaugh had singled,
he lanky first baseman slapped out
the first of his three safeties to
nock home Trosko, while Ged's hit h
in the third tallied Peckinpaugh whoS
had tripled.
Purdue came right back with a run
n their half of the third when Em-
mert drew a base on balls, romped
to third on a single by Dickinson,
and scored on Mackiewicz's sacrifice b
fly. 1
Successive singles by catcher Arta
Bredewater, Dickinson, and Mackie- 1
wicz tied the score onaBarry, but it
(Continued on Page 6)
Navy Divers
omplete lans
Work To Raise 'Squalus'
From Bottom Of Sea
PORTSMOUTH, N.H., May 27.-t
()--An intricate plan for raising the
$4,000,000 submarine Squalus and its
crew of 26 dead-a plan so compli-
cated it may take a week or more to
execute-was thrown into high gear
today with 60 of the Navy's best divers
working in relays at the task.
"Keep at it day and night until
the job is done. There will be no
Sundays or holidays until the Squal-
us is raised."
These, in effect, were the orders
flashed to the men assigned to one
of the most delicate submarine jobs
in history.
Years of experiments by Navy div-
ers with a helium-oxygen mixture
meanwhile bore fruit today when the
men going down 240 feet to the Squal-
us breathed it for the first time under
life-and-death -salvage conditions.
Fritz Kuhn, Out On Bail,
Addresses Bund Meeting.
MILWAUKEE, May 27.-(})-Uni-
formed "storm troopers" and children
paraded within the auditorium to-

,ix-Point Proposal Given
Administration Support;
EmbargoRepeal Asked
Vlorgenthau Offers
Tax Revision Plan
WASHINGTON, May 27.-('P)--
ecretary Hull, asking first of all for
epeal of the present law's provision
or an embargo on shipment of arms
o belligerents, submitted to Con-
ress tonight an administration pro-
ram for revision of the Neutrality
ct.
In letters to the chairmen of the
enate and House Foreign Relations
'ommittees, Mr. Hull outlined a six-
oint proposal for legislation which
e said would "help to keep this coun-
ry out of war."
He suggested enactment or re-
nactment of these provisions:
1. To prohibit American ships,
respective of what they may be
arrying, from entering combat areas.
2. To restrict travel by American
itizens in combat areas.
3. To provide that the export of
oods destined for belligerents shall
e preceded by transfer of title to the
oreign purchaser.
4. To continue the existing legis-
tion respecting loans and credits to
ations at war.
5. To regulate the solicitation and
ollection in this country of funds for
elligerents.
6. To continue the National Mu-
itions Control Board and the sys-
em of arms export and import 11-
enses.
Provisions along these lines, the
ecretary of State wrote Chairman
ittman (Dem., Nev.) of the Senate
ommittee and Acting Chairman
loom (Dem., N.Y.) of the House
roup, "would make easier our two-
old taks of keeping this country at
eace and avoiding imposition of
nnecessary and abnormal burdens
.pon our citizens."
Stamped with administration en-
orsement, the proposals were sub-
nitted after a series of recent con-
erences with Hull by the Democratic
members of both committees. They
vere understood to have Mr. Roose-
'elt's approval.
Coincident with Hulls statement,
Bloom disclosed that his committee
as a draft of a bill embodying the
Secretary's ideas on the subject and
would give it early consideration.
Tax Plan Submitted
WASHINGTON, May 27.-()-A
broad outline for tax revision legis-
ation to remove "business irritants"
and promote a "lasting recovery" was
aid before Congress today by Secre-
tary of the Treasury Morgenthau.
Without making specific recom-
mendations for new tax schedules, the
Treasury chief suggested to the House
Ways and Means Committee that it
consider a five-point program- and in-
dicated the administration was will-
ing to:
1. Reduce some of the higher in-
dividual income surtax rates if pend-
ing legislation is passed to prohibit
future issuance of tax-exempt securi-
ties.
2. Repeal the remaining two-and-
a-half per cent undistributed profits
tax.
3. Liberalize the present capital
stock tax and the related excess
profits levy.
4. Provide for the carry-over of
net annual business losses to be de-
ducted from business profits of fu-
ture years.
5. Continue cooperative studies
with a view to legislation at the next
session, to change the present law
limiting to $2,000 the excess of cor-
porate capital losses over capital
gains that may be deducted from

ordinary income.
RESULTS - RESULTS
That's what our classified ad-
vertisers are saying. Mr. Jack
Stiles of 1912 Geddes received
nine calls on this classified ad
the first day of insertion.
FOR RENT - Professors: four
cottages ideally located on
Lake Michigan near Manistee,
for rent, quiet, rest, charm.

I

By HERVIE HAUFLER,
When the curtain went up on the7
Colonial farmhouse scene of "Ameri-t
can Landscape" last Tuesday night,
Miss Emeline Clark Roche was al-
ready drafting final plans for the
set and costumes of "The White
Steed," third Dramatic Season pre-1
sentation opening Tuesday at the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatie.
The first nebulous ideas for the
set were thought of and sketched
weeks ago. When the set is for a his-
torical or unusual play, Miss Roche
does extensive research to determine
not only the types of architecture,
costumes and scenic background, but
also the "feel" of the era.
"I may use only a Greek column or
two as the finished set," Miss Roche
explains, "and I could probably find
accurate samples in a book on archi-
tecture, but there is a feeling of se-
curity in knowing that the set is in

penter and explain the plans to him.
I also discuss the color scheme with
the painter."
As soon as actual construction is
under way, Miss Roche begins her
search for "properties," the pictures,
furniture and bric-a-brac which com-
plete the set.
On Monday the old set is "struck,"
or removed, and if the jig-saw puzzle
of the new scene has been properly
planned, it is "dressed," or set up on
the stage. When the proper lighting
effects have been arranged, the cycle
is complete.
Plays like "Grand Hotel," with 20
scenes, complicate the pattern still
more. To gain the wink-of-the-eye
scene-shifting essential to such pro-
ductions, the set director uses "jack-
knife" or "wagon" stages which slide
into place without imposing serious
breaks in the progress of the play.
The scene which Miss Roche de-

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