THE MI CHIGAN DAILY
THUesIAY, MAY ?, 1939
THE ICHIGAN DAILY
Edited and managed by students of the University ,of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
' Student Publications.
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NIGHT EDITOR: PAUL M. CHANDLER
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written ,by members of theDaily
staff and represent the views of the writer:
Pawn Of Power
E UROPEAN DIPLOMACY and intrigue
have again made the position of
weak and disunited Poland the most precarious
in the present international scene. Strong
powers in Europe, striving for diplomatic suprem-
acy, are at the same time seeking Polish friend-
ship and threatening Polish borders. With dis-
putes over her every border potential sources of
a war, this nation is again in danger of wholesale
partition by neighboring ambitious powers.
The Polish people have had a strange and
romantic history. While under the rule of another
nation, their nationalist spirit has had no equal.
Yet the history of Poland, as a free nation has
been one of petty bickerings, rival minority
groups and pitiful disunity, with the result that
her independence has never been lasting.
Poland's internal condition in 1772, when the
first of threepartitions by Prussia, Russia and
Austria foretold her ruin, was somewhat weaker
than it is now; however, the European scene at
the time was much the same. All three partition-
ing powers were ambitious, expanding nations.
Sore spots were developing at much the same
points along Polish boundaries as they are now.
When the partition finally took place; the Polish
nation was in a state of near cdlapse.
Poland's principal loss in the First Partition
was West Prussia, the well-known "Polish cor-
ridor to the sea." In deference to Germany in the
present struggle for control of the region, how-
ever, it must be said that the "corridor" was
originally inhabited by a Germanic people, the
so-called Teutonic Knights.
The curr'ent Polish-German dispute over
the region is magnified by geographical and
population donditions. The "free" city of Danzig,
straddling the mouth of the Vistula River thus
controls the entire valley, which comprises most
of Poland. Population in the city, however, is
predominantly German. Immediately outside
Danzig, moreover, Poles form the great majority
of the population. It is this clash between .the
German urban area and the Polish rural hinter-
land--to which control of the river mouth is an
economic necessity-which is creating today's
The history of Poland's eastern boundary has
been equally unpleasant. The Russians, though
Slavic kin to the Poles, have tended to lean
toward Oriental culture, while Poland has been
pulled into the western European sphere of in-
fluence. The two countries' long mutual bound-
ary, promoting a clas of divergent cultures,
Russia's expansionist policy and Poland's inter-
nal weakness created long-standing enmity be-
tween them, and culminated in Russia's share
in partitioning Poland.
This enmity has lasted to the present day.
even now that Poland has been re-created and
is once ,nore an independent nation. And Po-
land's distrust of Russia is one of the primary
explanations of Poland's half-hearted accept-
ance of Great Britain's- new formula, as em-
bodied in the tri-partite agreement with France
and Russia, whereby protection from aggression
would be given to any nation so asking 'for it.
Poland has been fearful that Russia would
"Invade" the country without being asked, on
the pretense of "keeping order."
France and Great Britain appear to have
been taking great pains lately td insure Poland's
continued independence, supposedly on moral
with Russia. Chamberlain undoubtedlyrecog-
nizes the necessity of immediate Russian assist-
ance to Poland in case of trouble with Germany.
The chief difference between Poland's inter-
nal condition now and Poland's condition in
1772 is the presence of a "strong man" to keep
the country united. Closely following the wise
foreign policies of the late "Daddy" Pilsudski,
General Smigly-Ridz, now the nation's dictator,
has tried to keep on friendly terms with every-
body. The hand of his able foreign minister,
Col. Joseph Beck, has been forced, however, by
Hitler's demands. No independent nation worthy
of that title can yield to a demand of "You give
us what we want or we'll annihilate you!" Yet
Germany's demands for control of Danzig and for
a German railroad and highway across the
"corridor" have taken just that form. So now
Polish diplomacy seems to be leaning decidedly
toward the Anglo-French bloc, in spite of mis-
givings about Russia.
Poland's history as a "pawn of power" should
have taught her leaders to beware supposed
friends and to choose friends carefully, if she
has to choose at all. Smigly-Ridz and Beck are
warily attempting to follow these precepts,
and the vital moves they are now making will
determine their ultimate success.
-Howard A. Goldman
GoesToTown . .
H E RECEIVED his M.A. from Michi-
gan in 1931. He has an office on
West 121st St. one block from Columbia Univer-
sity. He uses it as an apartment also, where,
surrounded by six typewriters and 2,000 books,
he carries on his important work. He is a slight,
insignificant-looking little man, 120 pounds,
pencil-stripe mustache, sharp eyes and mussed-
up hair. He is 31, but yet looks and acts younger
than most of the students for whom he ghosts.
Yes, that's what Mr. Smith is: a ghost.
The June issue of American Mercury carries
an article on this Mr. G. H. Smith by Roy Ben-
jamin, Jr., disclosing the amazing $10,000 a year
business "The Ghost" has built up writing
themes, papers, book-reviews, etc. for students
who either do not have the ability to write o
who have let their work slip too late in the sem-
Students here at Michigan are familiar with
the form letter with which Smith canvasses
the campuses. It is headed: "Every Man Today
Has aGhost," and says in part:
"Having complete bibliographical guides,
great experience and valuable clippings and
research at my disposal, I can often compile
an essay in two days that would cause any
other person many weeks of fret and care."
Then are listed the fields of work that "The
Ghost" covers, with another reminder that it
would be much easier to have him write your
paper, assuring a good grade, than for you to
labor over it with the final outcome in question.
With Smith, the matter of ghosting has. taken
on the aspects of a legitimate profession, accom-
panied by the inevitable professional pride in hi
work. In this connection, he is able to boast that
a new angle is used in every assignment with
individual attention given to the particular needs
of each client. Prices for his work range from
$10 for a short paper, with bibliography (guar-
anteed for non-detection and grade), to $500 for
a Ph.D. thesis.
Smith does his papers in six different styles,
ranging from "C" to "A." Most average students
are careful to explain they don't want too good
a paper for fear the professor will besuspicious
at the overnight improvement. Strangely enough,
most of his customers are "A" students. "This
is because most curricula overload the student,"
he explains. "Bright men and women want time
for the subjects that interest them most. Like
good business executives, they give the tedious
assignments to me."
Of his occupation, Smith has this to say:
"I am convinced I am aiding the students who
use my service. My essays are always thought-
fully written and carefully worked out. If a boy
will study them, he will get a lot more out of an
assignment than if he merely waded through old
books and copied oit meaningless data. Many
students hardly know what a good essay looks
like. Professors as a rule fail to discuss them
and do not let students read the essays submit-
ted by other members of the class. My papers
stand as models and examples for the students."
It is not t6o strange that a man like Mr. Smith
can make $10,000 a year writing papers for stu-
dents. That is, it is not strange considering the
mass production emphasis in our higher educa-
tion. Until colleges are made to resemble assembly
lines less, ghosting and other collegiate mal-
practices will continue to flourish.
-Morton L. Linder
There is ground for considerable encourage-
ment in the results of the first few days of the
administration's experiment in Rochester, N.Y.,
to solve the paradox of hunger in a land of
In brief, the experiment operates like this.
Relief clients exchange their welfare food money
for orange stamps. With every $1 worth of orange
stamps they are given 50 cents worth of blue
stamps free. The orange stamps are good for
any purchase in the grocery store with the
exception of tobacco and liquor. The blue stamps
are good for only those foods which the govern-
ment designates as surplus. Currently these are
butter, white flour, fresh oranges, eggs. graham
f-lour, dried prunes, corn meal, beans, and
The experiment is entirely voluntary and does
not involve any new taxes. It is financed by cus-
toms receipts. It is designed to restrict the gov-
ernment's activities to listing the surplus prd-
ducts and giving the relief clients their checks.
It does away with dispensing food from depots
I suppose that what they get is background. It
seems to work well, and I am thinking of the
betterment of the university just as much as
any gains which may come to the- pupils. Re-
porters are not as hard-boiled as they have been
presented in fiction and motion pictures, but
they do possess for the most part a lively skepti-
cism. And a man fresh from an assignment on
a good murder story in Chicago drops into
Cambridge with a disposition to say to the Elms
and the Ivy, "All right, but what have you got
He doesn't take Harvard or any other insti-
tution wholly on its tradition. If he is to be inter-
ested he must find himself in contact with a
moving and a living object. Harvard on the whole
has come off pretty well when put under the
scrutiny of inquiring reporters. One member
of the working press on leave to grapple with
"the higher things of life" told me, "I never even
went to high school, so this is brand new to me,
I've had a lot of shocks-some good, some bad:"
He explained that in his various courses he ran
into professors whose names were familiar to him
through text books in libraries. He had thought
of them as "authorities" and not as ordinary
living, breathing mortals. When he came into
their classes they were on trial to an extent which
probably the professors didn't realize.
They Know Their Stuff
The casual student felt that the main prob-
lem was not whether or not he was going to
make good, but much more, "How will this learn-
ed Doc shape up if put under a reportorial micro-
scope?" President Conant ought to be pleased
to know that a majority of professors have earned
a passing grade. A few have been set down a
phonies and stuffed shirts, but, for the most
part, it is admitted that most of the instructors
know their stuff and actually have something
It is hot within my power to change a single
comma in the Nieman will by which the fellow-
ships have been established, and yet I think one
mistake has been made. There ought to be a
provisions that none of the newspapermen who
receive a- grant shall have had any previous col-
legiate training whatsoever. This is in my mind,
because I am in utter opposition to the anti-
New Deal propaganda built upon that intellectu-
ally subversive stuff of, "What does that guy
know? He's never been in business. He's just a
Se f-Made Men Are Okay
This is stuff easily sold to the general public
and warmly supported by self-made men who
happen sometimes to be publishers. I have noth-
ing against self-made men. It's a good trick when
it can be done. But it should not be the generi l
rule in any nation which prides itself on the
opportunities which it offers for education. If all
colleges are manned by- teachers who are vision-
ary crackpots, then.-it might be a good idea to
tear down each little red schoolhouse and tell
budding youth to start barefoot and end up
the same way. Under this theory Lincoln would
have been better off if he had continued to split
rails and wrestle without ever having taken on
a bout with Blackstone.
I am no professor lover. Looking back on the
grades accorded to me in high school and college',
I regard teachers in general as men with small
comprehension of potential talent. I am all for
the recall of instructors who fail to pass pupils
on final examination.
By HARVEY SWADOS
The Plow And The River
At four o'clock on Friday afternoon, Ann
Arbor audiences will have another chance to
see two of the best films ever made in this coun-
try. The Plow That Broke The Plains and
The River will be shown in Natural Science
Auditorium-, and the proceeds will go- to aid the
half-million starving Spanish refugees in
Both The Plow and The River are documentary
films: there are no actors, and the social message
in each is brought out through the interplay of
photography of recent events and spoken com-
ment. They were both made under Government
auspices and directed by Pare Lorentz, a former
movie critic who thought he could make better
movies himself than the ones that he was re-
viewing. I guess all movie critics feel that way,
but Mr. Lorentz proved it.
Working on a; small budget, Mr. Lorentz made
two films that are the envy of every Hollywood
director. He took the themes of crop control and
flood control and made from them social docu-
ments as moving and thrilling as anything that
the Russian moviemakers have ever done. The
River is the better movie from every angle, but
it is fine.especially because of the running com-
made in American educa-
tion. The fellows of the Nie-
man Foundation put on a
small dinner. By the terms
of this bequest a dozen news-
papermen come each year to
Harvard to study economics,
history and such other as-
sorted subjects as they may
choose, and then go back to
their own craft.
I/ fe eizuio Me
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., May 13.-I had a chance
last night to sit in for a few hours with one of
the most interesting experiments which has been'
Gets Told .. .
Time To Shine
I'm filled with wonder, fright and awe
Because of what I just now saw.
Now Angell Hall did not cave in,
Nor was Pres. Ruthven stewed in gin.
The Tigers did not win a game.
(They'd still be last place just the
I'saw no student swallow fish;
No Emily Post drank from a dish.
At noon I saw no shooting stars.
No horrid green men came from Mars.
No empty "P. Bell" Friday night;
No Phi Bete hid his key for spite.
The Wolverines lost no track meet.
No thermostat broke from the heat,
B. Shaw gave out no compliment.
Adolph to Beck no roses sent.
Capone is yet in Alcatraz
And Eddie Cantor no son has.
Oh, hurry sir, and tell us quick;
Of guessing what we're getting sick.
Now you may doubt it if you choose:
I saw a pair of clean white shoes!
Shoe-white (and the Dirty Laces).
if Senator Harrison succeeds in get-
ting Congress to enact the chief
changes he has recommended in our
present tax laws, he and his colleagues
will have taken substantial steps to-
ward placing our whole Federal tax
program on a sounder basis. It would
be a mistake to expect too much from
these changes. To call them a program
of "tax relief" is perhaps a misnomer,
for it is unreasonable to expect a re-
duction in the total tax burden at a
time when expenditures already enor-
mously exceed revenues. Nor do the
changes contemplate a reduction in
the total tax burden. All they attempt
to do is to change the form and inci-
dence of some taxes so that they will
bear more equitably as between one
corporation and another, and so that
they will put smaller obstacles than
at present in the way of expansion-of
business and employment.
The main changes proposed by Sen-
ator Harrison are along the lines un-
derstood to have been worked out by
Secretary Morgenthau and Under-
Secretary Hanes. Senator Harrison
would repeal, or allow to lapse, the
present 21/2 per cent penalty tax on
undistributed profits of corporations.
In view of the present nominal rate
of this tax compared with its original
rate, it is fair to say that its practical
importance has been greatly exagger-
ated both by its champions and by its
cnitics. But the remnants of this tax
symbolize the retention of a thor-
oughly unsound theory of taxation
which actually places a penalty both
on common business prudence and on
the expansion of plant to enlarge out-
put and give more employment. The
complete repeal of the tax would both
simplify our tax laws and have an
important psychological effect for
the better on business men. Under
the present law, counting the effect of
this 21/2 per cent tax, the tax rate
on the net income of all but small
corporations ranges from 16% to 19
per cent. For this Mr. Harrison would
substiutte a flat-rate of 18 per cent,
which he estimates will provide at
least the same revenue.
Senator Harrison would continue,
with slight modifications, the present
graduated rate of 12% to 16 per cent
on corporations earning less than
$25,000. These little corporations con-
tribute so small a percentage of the
total revenues from corporations that
the tax rate on their earnings could be
further reduced, if desired, without
material effect on Government in-
come. The tax provisions bearing on
corporations earning less or slightly
more than $25,000 a year are, more-
over, needlessly complex and could be.
Senator Harrison recommends that
corporations should be allowed to
carry over losses for two or three years
to offset against profits in a good
year before being asked to pay in-
come taxes on those profits., It is
simple fairness to allow corporations
to resume this practice. Senator Har-
rison's recommendation for repeal of
the provision limiting corporations'
deductible losses on -capital transac-
tions-to $2,000 in any one year is also
in the direction of mere fairness.
-The New York Times.
Potent Enemies Within
Far too little consideration has been
given to three internal enemies, which
as Surgeon-General Parran has
pointed out, would be lined up against
this country in case of war. Those
enemies are tuberculosis, venereal
disease anid malnutrition.
It may seem strange that the head
of the United States Public Healt-il
Service should be considering the
health of the people in terms of wai
potential. Health is an objective which
is desirable without reference to its
bearing on the issue of military
The situation over which Dr. Par.
nani.-, qn miwih conce-'rnedl is the mre~
THURSDAY, MAY 25, 1939
VOL. XLIX. No. 171
Student Accounts: Your attention is
called to the following rules passed
by the Regents at their meeting of
February 28, 1936:
"Students shall pay all accounts
due the University not later than
the last day of classes of each semes-
ter or Summer Session. Student loans
which fall due during any semester
or Summer Session which are not paid
or renewed are subject to this regu-
lation; however, student loans not yet
due are exempt. Any unpaid accounts
due at the close of business on the
last day of classes will be reported to
the Cashier of the University, and
"(a) All academic credits will be
withheld, the grades for the semes-
ter or Summer Session just complet-
ed will not be released, and no tran-
script of credits will be issued.
"(b) All students owing such ac-
counts will not be allowed to regis-
ter in any subsequent semester or
Summer Session until payment has
S. W. Smith, Vice-President
Student Loans: There will be a
meeting of the Loan Committee on
Wednesday, May 31, Room 2, Univer-
sity Hall, to consider loans for the
summer session and the year 1939-
40. Applications for this meeting
must be filed in the Office of the
Dean of Students on or before Thurs-
day, May 25.
Commencement Tickets: Tickets
for Commencement may be obtained
on request after June 2 at the Busi-
ness office, Room 1, University Hall.
Inasmuch as only two Yost Field
House tickets are available for each
senior, please present identification
card when applying for tickets.
Herbert G. Watkins.
To The Members of the Guard of
Honor. A meeting for the purpose of
instruction and drill of the Guard of
Honor for the Commencement Day
Exercises will be held at Waterman
Gymnasium, today at 4 p.m., under
the direction of Dr. George A. May.
L. M. Gram, Chief Marshal.
LaVerne Noyes 'Scholarships. Hold-
ers of LaVerne Noyes Scholarships
now in the University are reminded
that if they desire to be considered
for scholarship assignments ;ext
year, they must file an application.
Blanks for this purpose will not be
sent out, but may be obtained from
Dr. Frank E. Robbins, Assistant to the
President, 1021 Angell Hall, and
shouldbe returned to him after they
have been filled out.
Union Life Membership Button. All
men who have been enrolled in the
University for eight semesters may
secure their life membership buttons
at the business office of the Union
any week-day from 8 to 12 and 1:30
to 5. There is no additional charge
for this button. Students who are
graduating after less than eight se-
mesters of enrollment may make spe-
cial arrangements at the business
To All Campus Departments: No-
tices of deaths of alumni which may
come to the various campus depart-
ments should be reported to the
Alumni Catalog Office. The courtesy
will be greatly appreciated. Please
report by letter or by phone. Phone
Thomas Ralph Solomon will be held
on Thursday, May 25, at 2 p.m. in the
East Council Room, Rackham Bldg.
Mr. Solomon's field of specialization
is Political Science. The title of his
thesis is "Participation of Negroes in
Professor J. K. Pollock, as chair-
man of the committee, will conduct
the examination. By direction of the
ExecutiveBoard, the chairman has
the privilege of inviting members of
the faculty and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examination
and to grant permission to others
who might wish to be present.
All Speech Concentrates and Grad-
uate Students in Speech please call
at 3211 A.H. at the following hours
to complete concentration records:
William P. Halstead.
Economics 157: The class will not
meet on Friday this week. The out-
side reading in Hamilton's "Price and
Price Policies" will be covered by the
final examination Saturday, June 3.
Geology 11 and 12 make-up blue-
books will be given Friday, May 26,
at 3 o'clock in 2054 N.S. This is the
only time that they will be given.
Students expecting to concentrate
in English: .On Monday, May 29, the
examination in foreign language will
be given at 7 p.m. in Room 2225 A.H.
and the examination in English at
8 p.m. in Room 2225 A.H.
Earl L. Griggs.
Band Broadcast: The University
Band will broadcast over the N.B.C.,
Blue Network, from the Ballroom of
the Michigan Union, Thursday after-
noon, May 25, at 3:30. Those who
desire to attend the Broadcast may
obtain complimentary tickets at the
office of the School of Music, at the
desks of the Union and the League,
or at Wahr's bookstore. The audi-
ence o ust be seaed at 3:15, after
which time no guests will* be ad-
Graduation Recital: Virginia Hunt,
pianist, will give a graduation recital
this evening at 8:15 o'clock, in
the School of Music Auditorium on
Maynard Street. The public is in-
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the University.
Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President until 3:30 P.M.;
11:00 A.M. on Saturday.
Museum of Classical Archaeology:
A special exhibit of antiquities from
the Nile Valley, the Province of Fay-
oum, and the Delta of Egypt from
early Dynastic times to the Late Cop-
tic and Arabic Periods.
Events T oday
Annual Senior Engineers' Banquet
will be held in the Michigan Union,
tonight at 6:15.
Principal speaker will be Mr. S. M.
Dean, Assistant Chief Superinten-
dent, TheElectrical System of the
Detroit Edison Company. His topic
will be "Engineering-A Way of Liv-
ing." Other speakers will include
Dean H. C. Anderson, and T. Hawley
Tapping, Alumni Secretary. Lists of
class members will be distributed, and
songs will be sung. A final farewell
party for the Class of '39. Tickets
for $1 may be bought at either the
West or East Engineering Building
Main Entrances, at any time.
Spring Initiation and Banquet of
Phi Epsilon Kappa is to be held
this evening at 7 p.m., at the
Michigan Union. This is the final
meeting of Kappa Chapter for the
year. Banquet tickets are available
for 75 cents from George Thompson,
George Reuhle, Michael Megregrian,
and President Clinton Mahlke.
Foreign Engineering Students: The
'Foreign Students in Engineering are
invited to a round-table discussion at
7:45 p.m. tonight at the International
Center to be led by Prof. H. Bouchard,
who spent several years in China. It
has special reference to those prob-
lems of policy encountered by young
engineers. Refreshments will be
Lunette Hadley, Director.
Senior Lit Class Dues will be collect-
ed for the last time today from 9 a.m.
to 5 p.m. at the Library and Angell
Hall. It is important that dues be
paid before diplomas are received.
Independent Senior Ball Booths: All
independent students wishing to ob-
tain accommodation in the Congress
booth at the Senior Ball may register
in the Congress office, 306 Michigan
Union, from 4 to 5 p.m. upon pre-
sentation of their ticket number and
payment of the 50" cents registration
fee which covers the cost of furnish-
Engineering Council: The following
men are eligible for positions on the
Engineering Council. Voting will take
place in the West Engine Arch today
from morning until 5:30 p.m.
Class of 1942:
Richard Ebbets, Jr.
Class of [941
R. Harry Smith
Class of 1940:
Archery Tournament: The women's
arcery tournament for champion-
ship in both advanced and novice
classes will be held at 4:15 this af-
ternoon on Palmer Field. All those
interested are invited to participate.
Michigan Dames: The Book Group
will meet in the Rackham Building
tonight at 8:15 p.m.
Shavuoth services will be held at
the Beth Israel Center this morning
at 9:30 a.m. Memorial services begin
at 10 a.m. All students are welcome.
All University Women: There will
be a steak roast on Monday evening,
May 29. The group will meet at the
Women's Athletic Building at 5:15.
The cost will be approximately 35
cents. Please sign up at W.A.B. or