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April 24, 1939 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-04-24

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s

Weather
Cloudy today, followed by rain.

3k igan

jDatt

Editorial
'Bias' In
The N.Y. Times

. - __

VOL XLIX. No. 145

Z-323

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, APRIL 24, 1939

ti...,. " ... ... _ k
__- _ _ _ ____z.__ _ _
- 1

Daily Named
College Press
'Pacemaker'

Lindbergh Visits Buffalo War
Plane Plant On National Tour

Parley Asks
Student ule
Investigation
Group Suggests Committee
]having Admi nist rati on
And FacultyFor Probe
Henle And Smithies

Reorganizing
Plan Drafted
By Roosevelt

PRICE FIVE CENTS
Britain Plans Draft
If Fuebrer Rejects
U.S. Peace Protocol

For 4thTime
Gets Collegiate Honor Title
Along With Seven Other
Collegiate_-_Newspapers
Pacemaker Rank
Received By Four
The Michigan Daily retained its
place among the best college 'news-
papers in the country, with the noti-
fication yesterday by the Associated
Collegiate Press that The Daily was
again awarded All-American Honor
Rating, and for the fourth time was
designated as a Pacemaker among
collegiate journals.'
The Daily was one of seven daily
collegiate newspapers to receive the
coveted All-American rating, and one
of four dailies to be nominated as a
Pacemaker, an award known in col-
lege newspaper circles as "summa
cum laude" rating.
Out of a possible 1,000 points, The
Daily was awarded 875 by the judges.
All the papers submitted by the 401
colleges and universities entered in
the survey were judged on the bases
of news value and sources,, typog-
raphy, news writing and editing,
headlines and makeup, department
pages and special features.
The general comment of the
judges in regard to The Daily as a
whole was, "a good newspaper-ver-
satile, mature, inclusive." The par-
ticular department that rated high-
est was the technicalone-headlines,
typography and make-up-which
scored 225 out of a possible 250. Each
of the other departments of The
Daily received rankings high enough
to place it in the superior class.
The Pacemaker papers are, in the
opinion of the judges, the pick of the
All-American class. They are out-
standing in their respective groups;
they have stood the test of minute
inspection and critical judgment un-
der the highest standards. They are
considered by the Associated Collegi-
ate Press "to be the best of the 401
college newspapers entered in the
1939 All-American Critical Service."
GOP To Parley
Behind Locked
Doors For Unity
Seek To Reconcile House
And Senate On Merit Plan
For EarlyAdjournment
LANSING, April 24.-(/P-The Re-
publican high command sent out the
call tonight for a council of peace
within its party's ranks.
Republican members of the House
and Senate and elective state officials
will gather behind the locked doors
of a caucus room tomorrow night to
air grievances and "talk it out."
James F. Thomson, Republican
State Chairman, issued the call. Al-
though the leaders were reluctant to
discuss the conference, it was learned
they were worried about an open feud
being waged over state purchasing
policies between Auditor General Ver-
non J. Brown and State Treasurer
Miller Dunckel.
Peacemakers said they would tell
the two officials that they were do-
ing no good either to their own poli-
tical hopes or to the cause of their
party by bickering in the open. Dunc-
kel accused Brown at a recent meet-
ing of the State Administrative
Board of using the purchasing con-

troversy as a sounding board to
launch a campaign for governor.
The legislators hoped the confer-
ence would bring about an agreement
between the Senate and House of
Representatives that would permit
an early adjournment. Controversial
subjects at issue between the two
branches, such as civil service, would
be discussed.
The Senate and House appointed
a conference committee tonight to
seek a compromise on the civil serv-
ice issue. The Senate has passed a
bill that differed radically from that
approved in the House, and each side
has refused to recede from its stand.

Congress
Today;
Within

To Get Measure
Can Become Law
60-Day Period

,.

Returns Envoy

Sum Up

Session

Col. Charles A. Lindbergh is shown here with Brig. Gen. George H.
Brett, chief of the Army Air Corps material division, after Lindbergh's
arrival at Wright Field near Dayton, 0., for a "technical conference on
Air Corps affairs."

BUFFALO,, N.Y., April 24.-(P)-
Col. Charles A. Lindbergh inspected
the war plane division of the Curtiss-
Wright corporation here today on his
second stop in a tour of the nation's
air defense and research facilities.
He flew here from Dayton, O., in an
army pursuit ship. He was met by
Burdette S. Wright, vice-president of
Curtis-Wright, and Lawrence D. Bell,
president of Bell Aircraft Corp.
Curtiss officials said any comment

would have to come from the War
Department. They said they did not
know how long the famous flyer
would remain in B falo, nor where
he would go next.
Both Curtiss and Bell companies
tiave contracts with the Government
for fighting ships. The Government
has accepted two experimental models
-the Curtiss XP-40 and the Bell
company's XP-39, both of which are
reported to be capable of speeds in
excess of 400 miles an hour.

President RUthven Endorses
Declaration Of Human Rights

By ELLIOT MARANISS
A proposal for a joint student- a
faculty-administration committee to"
study methods for increasing stu-
dent government on campus high-p
lighted Sunday's closing session off
the Ninth Annual Spring Parley. t
University officials will be asked to u
choose three faculty members andC
two representatives of the Adminis-
tration to augment the student com-
mittee of five that was elected at the
Parley. Student representatives on
the committee will be Carl Petersen,
'40; Thomas B. Adams, jr., '40; Phil- p
ip F. Westbrook, '40; Albert P. May-
io, '39; and Martin B. Dworkis, '40.a
The committee, if approved by thef
University, will be charged "to study
student government at other col-f
leges and make recommendations fors
the strengthening of student govern-a
ment at this University by investingv
specific powers in a democratically-9
elected student leadership."
In addition it was empowered tok
"further study and make recommen-
dations concerning the structure andF
function of such agencies as thes
Michigan Union Board, the Board int
Control of Athletics and the Board inI
Control of Student Publications."
The possibility of having a parleyc
four times a year rather than justk
once 4was discussed at Sunday's ses-t
sion, and was well-received by thoset
attending, who expressed the view
that the parley served a valuable edu-
cational function on campus. It was
also suggested that future parleys'
take on a more creative aspect rath-
er than being merely a place for heat-t
ed controversy, as it has proved tot
be in recent years.
Prof."Paul Henle, of the philosophy
department, summarized the views hel
heard expressed in the three-day ses-
sion with aishort speech delivered be-
fore the general session. Comment-
ing on the general theme of the par-t
(Continued on Page 6)
Johnson coresj
Foreign Policy
Suggests Neutrality Act;
Be Repealed
WASHINGTON, April 24.-(A)-
Denouncing the Rooseveltforeign
policy as a "magnificent gamble on
a hair line chance" of averting war,
Gen. Hugh S. Johnson urged the re-
peal of the Neutrality Act today and
the substitution of a simple statute
warning Americans that if they enter
war zones they do so at their own
risk.
As a second choice, he told the Sen-
ate Foreign Relations Committee he
would prefer the Pittman Amend-
l ments, placing all trade with belli-
gerent nations on a "cash and carry"
basis. That this might work out to
the advantage of Great Britain and
Japan, he said, was "no fault or act
of ours.".

Executive Agencies
To Be Revamped
WASHINGTON, April 24.-(GPX-In
a swift move that will test his newly
acquired reorganization powers for
the first time, President Roosevelt
prepared tonight to send Congress a
four-fold plan for revamping execu-
tive agencies, including the relief set-
up.
The proposals are slated to go to
Captol Hill tomorrow. Unless both
branches specifically disapprove with-
in 60 days, they will become effective.
Senator Byrnes * (Dem.-S.C.), a
presidential adviser on the subject,
predicted that publication of the plan
would send a swarm of disappointed
and fearful office holders to the Capi-
tol seeking to arouse opposition.
For, so far as could be learned
from Congressional sources, Mr. Roo-
sevelt plans to establish, first of all,
a new "public works agency" into
which Will be grouped the Works Pro-
gress Administration, the Public
Works Administration, the U. S. Hous-
ing Authority, the treasury's public
buildings division and the Bureau of
Public Roads. The new agency, it was
said, might become a part of the In-
terior Department under Secretary
Ickes.
Secondly, Mr. Roosevelt intends to
create a "public welfare"ragency, to
be independent of all present gov-
ernment departments and include
the Social Security Board, the Bureau
of Education, the Public Health Serv-
ice, and perhaps the National Youth
Administration and the Civilian Con-1
3ervation Corps.7
The third section of the plan was1
said to call for a consolidation of cer-F
tain lending or loan insurance agen-+
cies, such as the Reconstruction
Finance Corporation, the Federal
Housing Administration, and theI
Home Owners Loan Corporation, un-1
der a new and independent federal
"credit agency." Legislators in the
know said this would not be attached
to the Commerce Department as hadi
been rumored earlier.
The fourth part was expected to
aim at the elimination of the per-
formance of the same government'
function by more than one govern-
ment agency or department, includ-
ing a scheme for the unification of
scattered federal law enforcement
agencies.
Communist Leader
Will Speak Friday
Clarence Hathaway, editor of the
Daily Worker and member of the
national committee of the U.S. Com-
munity Party, will speak at 4 p.m.
Friday afternoon at the Unitarian
Church under the auspices of the
Ann Arbor Young Communist League.
His subject will be "Communism and
American Democracy."
Hathaway was an active leader in
the Socialist Party in the Midwest un-
til 1919, when the Communist Party
was formed in America. He has long
been recognized as a leading exponent
of American Communism.

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NEVILLE CHAMBERLAIN

Drive Started To Secure
Campus - Wide Support"
Of Seven-Point Outliner
C
By JUNE HARRISs
President Ruthven signed the Hu- W
man Rights Roll Call yesterday, op-n
ening a campus-wide drive to secure l
faculty and student support for a
seventpoint program formulated by A
the American Student Union as au
declaration of democratic principles.C
The Michigan chapter of the ASUa
together with chapters on campusesd
throughout the country is trying toc
unite members of the college com-d
munity behind a program to solve thea
pressing problems which it feels face
this country.t
The program which will be cir-e
World's Faiis
Are 'Warned c
By Michigrass
Committee Will Continuex
Fight Against New York
And Frisco Competitors
A battle to the death against thet
two principal rivals of the Michigras,1
the Golden Gate International Ex-<
positoin and the New York World's 1
Fair, was prophesied by the execu-
tive committee of the local carnival<
last night.
The committee instituted the intra-
fair war last week by drawing up a
petition for an injunction to restrain
the San Francisco fair from operat-
ing for a period of a week before and
a week after the opening date of the
Michigras. Dire threats to the well-
being of the New York fair were also1
voiced by the committee.
The committee announced last
night that the decorative motif of the
local carnival, which will oe held Fri-
day and Saturday, May 5 and 6, in
Yost Field House, would entail a se-
ries of satirical takeoffs on its twoI
rivals. In order to produce a maxi-
mum of ingenuity in the productioni
of the satires, the committee will of-
fer numerous prizes to art school
students who submit acceptable+
sketches for decorations.
More than 50 fraternities, sorori-
ties and independent organizations
will sponsor booths to enliven the
carnival. The proceeds of the Michi-
-..I...7 4.. ...... 1. -- - - - - - - -.. I

culated among faculty members today
and among the student body tomor-
row and Thursday reads as follows:
"As the lights go out in the univer-
sities and schools under fascism, must
we not resolve that they shall burn
more brightly in our institutions of
earning?
"The freedom and progress of
American education stands or falls
with the fate of American democracy.
Only under democracy can youth
achieve its fullest heritage. But to-
day the democratic way of life is
challenged. To survive and become
the fighting faith of all mankind,
democracy must meet human needs
and guarantee human rights.
"Democracy must address itself to:
the elimination of illiteracy and the
establishment of equality of educa-
tional opportunity; the support of
cultural activities accessible to the
people; the conservation of human
resources through jobs and social in-
surance; the public provision of medi-
cal care for all the people, the crea-
tion of the city beautiful through
slum clearance and housing; the con-
servation of natural resources; the
guarantee of civil liberties and equal
political and religious rights to all
American citizens regardless of race
creed, color or belief."
As a climax to the drive for sup-
porters for the program, Prof. Men-
tor L. Williams of the English de-
partment will speak at 8 p.m. Thurs-
day in the Union on the national im-
plications of the seven points with
special emphasis on the place of the
college student in maintaining the
aims expressed.
Second French Ship
DestroyedBy Fire
TOULON, France, April 25. -P)~
Fire of undetermined origin destroyer
the 9,847-ton steamship Angers nea:
the La Seyne shipyard here short-
ly before midnight.
A military powder depot and gaso-
line stocks nearby were not menaces
by the blaze, authorities of this Frencl
naval base said.
An immediate investigation wa
ordered to see if sabotage had causes
the fire.
Yesterday one man was arrester
charged with incendiarism in con.
aection with the burning of the line:
Paris at Le Havre last Tuesday.

French, British Envoys
Returned To Germany
In 11th Hour Gesture
England Moving
For Rumanian Pact

Dr. Guy Ford
Will Addresss
Schoolnasters
University Of Minnesota'sx
Head To Speak Twicet
Before State Teacherst
Dr. Guy Stanton Ford, president of
the University of Minnesota, will de-
liver the two chief addresses of the
three-day program of the Michigan
Schoolmaster's Club Thursday, Fri-l
day and Saturday in Ann Arbor..
Dr. Ford will address the Honors
Convocation of the University at 11l
a.m., Friday, in Hill Auditorium and
the annual members' banquet at 6j
p.m. Friday in the Union Ballroom.
The Michigan High School Forensic
Association will hold the 22nd annual
Michigan Champwonship Debate at,
8:15 p.m. Friday.
The University Band under the di-i
rection of Prof. William D. Reveft
will persent a concert indthe Audi-
torium at 7:30 p.m., immediately pre-
ceding the debate.
Also being held in conjunction with
this meet are teas, receptions and
(demonstration sponsored by Pi Lamb-
da Theta, national honorary educa-
tional sorority for women; Zeta Phi
Eta, national professional speech so-
ciety; Phi Delta Kappa, honorary
educational society, and the Kings-
land Marionettes.
The School of Education of the
University will sponsor the Tenth
Annual Conference on Teacher-Edu-
cation while the University Bureau of
Cooperation with Educational Insti-
tutions and the Michigan Association
of North Central Colleges will pre-
sent jointly a special program and
discussion of problems related to
counseling in higher education.
The Michigan Association of
Teachers of Speech, the State Board
of Control for Vocational Educa-
tion, the Michigan Council on Adult
Education, the State School Band
and Orchestra Association, and the
Michigan Association of Teachers of
English will also hold special confer-
ences and meetings.
Freshmen To Make
Elections Earlier
Freshmen will have the opportunity
to make their elections for the fall
semester during the coming five
weeks, beginning tomorrow, Prof
Arthur Van Duren, academic coun-
l selor, announced yesterday.
This move is being taken to avoid
the usual pre-registration rush when
there is little careful discussion and
1 little privacy, Professor Van Duren
explained. All first-year students wil
e be notified by mail of time for con-
d sultation appointments.
e
- Lansing Bill To Forbid
State-Employed Fanilies
LANSING, April 24. -(P)-- Th
e House of Representatives adopteda
e bill tonight forbidding the state t

LONDON, April 24.-(P)-Britain
was reported in usually well-informed
quarters tonight to have sent a warn-
ing to Adolf Hitler that conscription
would be introduced in Britain if
President Roosevelt's 10-year peace
appeal were rejected by Germany.
The message was said to have been
carried to Berlin by Sir Nevile Hen-
derson despite repeated official state-
ments that the ambassador's surprise
return to Berlin today had "no spe-
cial significance."
These quarters said Sir Nevile
would emphasize the following points
to Hitler before his Friday Reich-
stag speech replying to Mr. Roose-
velt:
1. Britain stands four-square
with Mr. Roosevelt's 10-year peace
appeal to Germany and Italy.
2. Rejection of the plan and ab-
sence of any peaceful signs from Ger-
many would force Britain to intro-
duce conscription.
3. International tension would be
increased almost to the breaking
point by failure to accept the appeal.
4. Britain would be willing to lis-
ten to claims for access to raw ma-
terials sources if the plan were ac-
cepted.
. A cabinet meeting tonight was said
to have agreed, in principle on. the
desirability of conscription without
reaching any decision on how it could
be put in effect in view of Labor's op-
position.
An authoritative source said Cham-
berlain had opened vital Anglo-Ru-
manian talks with Rumanian For-
eign Minister Grigore Gafencu by of-
fering to relieve the Bucharest gov-
ernment of the necessity of bartering.
The Prime Minster talked with
Gafencu in the House of Commons
for more than an hour after making
a statement on the floor and after
Gafencu had conferred with Foreign
Secretary Viscount Halifax.
PARIS, April 24.-(AP)--France pre-
pared tonight to send back her am-
bassador to Berlin, Robert Coulondre,
after ordering dissolution of propa-
ganda organizations in the fortified
zone along the German. frontier.
Britain Names
Lothian New
Envoy To U.S.
LONDON, April 24.-(A)-The For-
ein Office announced today that
King George VI. had approved ap-
pointment of the eleventh Marquess
of Lothiap as British ambassador to
the United States.
Lord Lothian, war-time secretary
to Prime Minister David Lloyd George
and a wealthy landowner, will suc-
ceed Sir Ronald Lindsay, who, it was
announced, is "retiring in the course
of the summer."
The new envoy was expected to as-
sume his ambassadorship, his first
major diplomatic assignment, follow-
ing the visit of King George and
Queen Elizabeth to the United States
in June.
One of the notables entertained
frequently by Lady Astor at her
Thames-side estate, Cliveden, Lord
Lothian has been labelled by anti-
'fascists a member of the so-called
"Cliveden set" and accused of at-
tempting to mold British foreign poli-
cy along Nazi-Fascist lines.
A year ago he publicly accused
Commuhists of inventing the "Clive-
den set," and he denied such a group
existed. "The whole thing," he said
at the time, "is a complete mare's
l nest. There has, to the best of my
- knowledge, never been a meeting of
the supposed principals for discus-
sion of foreign policy."
Lord Lothian is governor of the

Bank of Scotland and has been con-
sidered more as a conservative busi-
e ness man than as a powerful po-
a litical figure.
D Retirement of Sir Ronald after the

I.
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h
;r

Baby Dies Bill Hearing Today
Recalls Former Baldwin Law

(Editor's Note: This article was writ-
ten with the collaboration of Prof.
Leroy Waterman, chairman of the De-t
partment of Oriental Languages, who
is an executive officer in the Civil1
Rights Federation.)t
By RICHARD HARXEL
Michigan residents concerned about
their civil liberties will turn their eyes
to Lansing tonight when the Senatek
convenes to hear the objections of
the Civil Rights Federation to the1
Baldwin bill.
The Baldwin bill, known to liberals
as the "baby Dies bill," has been con-
demned by the Federation as fascistic
because, they claim, it provides for
the creation of a seditious activities
investigation commission endowed
with the power to probe the affairs
of any individual or enterprise sus-
pected of being "seditious, subversive
or un-American." In addition, it gives
the commission the right to force any
individual or enterprise, under in-

ize. The Federation branded the bill
as just one "part of a nation-wide
drive by reactionary forces, includ-
ing the American Legion, to destroy
the growing progressive movement by
denying Constitutional rights."
The Conference for the Protection
of Civil Rights, now known as the
Civil Rights Federation, was organ-
ized to oppose the Baldwin-Duncke
bill and any and all attacks on the
Constitutional rights of the Ameri-
can people.
The Legislature was barraged with
correspondence objecting to the bill
The Conference appeared to have
failed when the Senate pushed
through the legislation in a surprise
maneuver. Undismayed, the Confer-
ence demanded, and won, a public
hearing.
Thousands of Michigan resident
poured into the capital for the hear
ing and the mass meeting held by the
Federation. They showed the Senate

W. McCall To,
1 ? U ll 1U *

Address
Tnm nrinwA

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