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April 19, 1939 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-04-19

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Rain, changing to snow,
colder today.



I rn13

Justice .
Germany's Vaunted
Air Force .



Army Orders
To Active Duty
On Air Force



For Superiority
Believed Cause
xpected Action

University Included
On Flyer'sItinerary
WASHINGTON, April 18. --(P)-
Col. Charles A. Lindbergh, the world's
most famous flier, was called to the
colors today in a dramatic move to
insure the United States Army world
leadership in the development of war-
A few days after expert witnesses
had told Congressional committees
that Germany was building better
planes than the United States, the
surprise announcement was issued by
Col. Charles A. Lindbergh is
expected to spend considerable
time at Wright Field in Ohio dur-
ing his swing around the country
surveying research facilities for
the development of war planes.
Other places he may visit in-
clude: Sunnyvale, Calif., scene of
a proposed new research center,
and a number of universities
which emphasize aircraft re-
search, including the University
of Michigan, Massachusetts In-
stitute of Technology, Leland
Stanford, and New York Univer-
Secretary of War Woodring that
Lindbergh, an Air Corps reserve offi-
cer, had gone on active duty and
would make a survey of American
aviation research facilities for the
Army Air Corps.
Works Confidentially
,e "Lone Eagle" reported today
at. the office of the Chief of the Air
Corps, Major General Henry Arnold.
He then departed on an inspection
trip of research centres. Later he will
make a confidential report to General
Apart from Lindbergh's knowledge
of planes, it was believed, that Wood-
ring was counting on his world re-
nown to dramatize the research prob-
lem and thereby facilitate action on

Michigras Charges
Frisco Exposition Is
Unfair Com petitor
Suit will be filed by the executive
committee of the 1939 Michigras, an-
nual student carnival, to obtain an
injunction restraining the Golden
Gate International Exposition from
"unfair competition," it was revealed
last night by Donald Belden, '39E,
chairman of the committee.
The financial success of the Michi-
gras will be jeopardized by the con-
current operation of a competitor
operating with much the same appeal
in the same field, Belden stated. The
carnival committee, he said, thus feels
justified in seeking an injunction
restraining the Exposition from re- "
maining open on May 5 and 6, when
the local carnival will be conducted.
The committee will also seek to have'
the Exposition restrained for a period
of a week before and a week after
this date, Belden stated.
In addition, said Belden, the com-
mittee will seek to secure a court
order compelling the San Francisco
fair from issuing statements leading
the general public to believe that it is
connected with the Michigras in any
The profits from the operation of
the Michigras will be given to the
Band, the Glee Club, the Women's
Athletic Association, and the Dean's
discretionary fund. More than 50
booths of widely divergent types will
be opened by various fraternities,
sororities and independent organi-
May 1 Deadline
Set For Tutorial
Plan's Petitions
New System Of Teaching
Will Be Inaugurated
Here Next September


Spring Parley
Faculty Men
Are Selected
Professors Tracy, Benson
And Shepard To Give
'Philosophies Of '40's'
Mentor L. Williams
leads Foreign Panel
The three faculty men who will
present philosophies for the forties at
he opening meeting of the Spring
Parley Friday afternoon are Prof.
John E. Tracy of the Law School,
giving the conservative point of view;
Prof. George C. S. Benson, of the
political science department, liberal;
and Prof. John F. Shepard of the
psychology department, radical,
Ralph Erlewine, '39BAd, general
chairman, announced last night.
The three men will give 20-min-
ute talks after Erlewine officially op-
ens the three-day Parley at 3:30 p.m.
in the Union. Their remarks will
provide the basis for later panel dis-
cussions in the Parley, which has as
its theme this year "The Student
Looks At the Forties."
Prof. Mentor Williams of the Eng-
lish department will be the faculty
speaker at the American Foreign
policy panel, Erlewine said.
The members of the advisory fac-
ulty panel on America's international
relations include Prof. Everett S.
Brown of the political science de-
partment; Prof. Arthur Smithies of
the economics department and Ber-
nard Baum of the English depart-
ment. Prof. John P. Dawson of the
Law School, Prof. Robert Angell of
the sociology department, Prof. Ho-
bart Coffee of the Law School and
Prof. Howard M. Ehrmann of the
history department are the other
faculty members.
The student resources panel on
American Foreign Policy, Erlewine
announced, includes Joseph Gies, '39;
Jack A. Sessions, '4Ed; Sam Weis-
berg, '39; and Jay H. Schafrann, '40.
It was previously announced that
Martin B, Dworkis, '40, will be stu-
dent chairman of the panel on Ameri-
can international relations and that
Tom Downs, '40L, will be the student
AP Scoops The World
On 'Smelt Fever' Case
With the entire world in po-
litical and social turmoil and mil-
lions anxiously watching the pa-
pers each day for new develop-
ments in Europe, the Associated
Press scoops the world with the
following momentous dispatch
that came over the wire last
night :
.iHIW-TKB--How are the smelt
flowing these days?-JGW MJ.
McIntosh our smet * * * smelt-
editor is sick in bed. JET MJ.
He wasn't rash enough to try
eating any smelt, was he - GB
No what he needs is some
s-m-e-1--t-it s however as such-
hkwever however but the fish
won't talk.
JGW MJ Whatsamater with
MCI, flu?-HG.
HG Mac has a cold in his
alleged head -JW MJ.

Probe Asked
Of GOP Aid
By Gamblers
Rep. Eaton Demands State
Legislature Investigate
Alleged $250,000 Gift
Evidence In McKay
Deal To Be Sifted
LANSING, April 18.- () -The
legislature heard a demand today
from Rep. Elton R. Eaton, Republi-
can, Plymouth, that it inquire into
charges coming out of Washington,
D.C., that gamblers had contributed
$250,000 to the Republican state
campaign fund last fall.
Eaton said he would make the re-
quest formally at a House Republi-
can caucus tomorrow.
He said the Federal Bureau of In-
vestigation in Washington had been
quoted as saying a connection had
been discovered between "big time"
gamblers and certain Michigan poli-
Read Sends Investigator
Of McKay Deal To Capital
LANSING, April 18.-(P)-Attor-
ney General Thomas Read dispatched
an investigator 'to Washington to-
night to sift Federal sources of in-
formation bearing upon the $92,300
received by former State Treasurer
Frank D. McKay from the firm that
underwrote the issue that financed
a portion of the Blue Water Inter-
national Bridge.
Read, who previously had evaded
the question of whether his repre-
sentatives would call upon former
Gov. Frank Murphy, now U.S. Attor-
ney General, for information Murphy
said had not as yet been requested
by any Michigan State official, had
his reply ready tonight.
"It had been so ordered," Read
The emissary, Assistant Attorney
General James W. Williams, will re-
main in Washington "until his work
there is finished." He previously
took statements from officials of the
fim which employed McKay, Strana-
han, Harris & Co. of Toledo.
That chapter of the investigation
was not disclosed until today, when
Read made public the text of the
company's explanation of McKay's
connection with the bridge project.
John A. Harris, head of the firm,
declared in this formal statement
that McKay retained only part of the
money turned over to him in con-
nection with the bridge project-and
that the payment was for legislative
services- in no way linked with the
purchase of the bridge bonds.
Harris traced the company's in-
terest in the Port Huron-Sarnia span
back to 192, when its officials were
consulted because of their experience
in underwriting similar projects. Mc-
Kay, Harris said, didrnot enter the
negotiations until 1931 or 1932, a
time when the project appeared to
be a "complete failure" and a pre-
liminary investment by the company
of more than $150,000 a total loss.
YCL Class Meets Tonight
Joe Clark, executive secretary of
the Young Communist League, wil
conduct a class in the history of the
Communist Party of the Soviet Union
at 8 p.m. tonight. The class is the
third of a series.

mission to
Honors in

wishing to apply for ad-
the Degree Program for
Liberal Arts, Michigan's


Shortly before the Lindbergh an-
nouncement was made, President;
Roosevelt held a conference with
financial and other advisers on ways
of protecting this country from any
economic shocks whicn would result
if Europe went to war.
Cabinet Members Attend
Among those who attended the
conference were Secretaries Morgen-
thau and Wallace, Marriner Eccles,
Chairman of the Federal Reserve
Board, and Chairman Jesse Jones of
the Reconstruction Finance Corpora-
There was no announcement after
the conference. Previous conferences
of the kind, among various officials,.
have dealt with ways of keeping the
stock exchange and other markets
open in case of war and, in general,
conducting "business as usual."
Meanwhile, the House Merchant
Marine Committee approved leisla-
tion designed to strengthen the de-
fense of the Panama Canal and in-
crease its capacity for future ship-
ping needs.
Partial Sun Eclipse
Visible Here Today
For about two hours, starting at
10:30 a.m. today, local residents,
equipped with smoked glasses or film
negatives, may see a partial eclipse
of the sun-if it comes, out at all.
Only about one-fourth of the sun's
area will be obscured by the moon
when the eclipse reaches its maximum
here at 11:35, according to Prof. Heb-
er D. Curtis, director of the Univer-
sity Observatory.
With the exception of Florida, the
whole United States will see the
eclipse, but at no place will it be
total, due to the fact that the moon
is too far from the earth at this time
to cover the sun's disk completely,
Professor Curtis explained.
Ensian Price Change
Final campus sale of the Michi-
ganensian at reduced prices will
be continued during the next four
days. The present price of $4.50
will h ineased tn $5 at the end

trial tutorial plan, must leave their
names at the office of the Dean of the
College of Literature, Science and the
Arts before 4:30 p.m., Monday, May 1.c
Admission to cahdidacy requirest
that students have completed two
years of college work with an academ-
ic average of B, and fulfillment of
the group requirements and special
examinations. The Honors committee
will interview candidates during the
first week of May. Candidates will be
asked to write qualifying examina-
tions in English and in one foreign
language. Not over 30 prospective
juniors will be admitted during the
first year of trial.
Students will be notified before the
end of the second semester whether
they have been admitted to the Pro-
gramn.Those accepted will report to
the Board of Tutors in September,
1939, at which time the plan will be
inaugurated. These students will be
placed in seminars to be given by
tutors in broad fields of study. The
Honors pupils will study independ-
ently and reports of thistresearch
will be his contribution to the semi-
Realtors Meet
*W T T e*1
In Un ion Friday
Regent Crowley To Speak
On Housing Question
Addresses by Regent David H.
Crowley and State Sen. George P.
McCallum will highlight an educa-
tional conference on "The Problems
of the Old House" Friday in the
Union. The conference will be spon-
sored jointly by the business adminis-
tration school and the Michigan Real
Estate Association.
Senator McCallum, a member of
the Governor's Tax Study Commis-
sion will speak on "The Tax Situation
in Michigan" at a banquet at 6 p.m.
Regent Crowley will deliver an ad-
dress to the conference at a luncheon
at noon to which Arthur F. Bassett,
president of the Michigan Real Estate
Association will reply.
The conference will be divided into
a morning and afternoon session with
Judson Bradway, president of the
Judson Bradway Real Estate Co. of
Detroit leading the discussion at both
"The Competition of Rental Hous-
ing" and "The Threat of Technolo-
gical Progress in Construction" will
be discussed at the morning session
which opens at 10:15 a.m. At the
afternoon session, opening at 2 p.m.,

Sockman CallsI
Political Vigor
U. S._Keynote
Our Democracy Demands
Energetic Leadership,
Loud Lecturer Says
American people today are using
the vigor and energy of their po-
litical creed to establish their place
at the head of the world of nations.
Dr. Ralph W. Sockman declared yes-
terday in the first of the Martin Loud
series of lectures given in the First
Methodist church.
"The American Way is essentially
the energetic and democratic way,
he said. But he warned that "big-
ness" does not mean "greatness," and
that our dynamic methods need skill-
ful direction before they will attain
The Bill of Rights, he said, insures
political privileges, but it does not
necessarily guarantee human free-
Among the factors which deter-
mined the American Way, Dr. Sock-
man considered the frontier as pre-
dominate in shaping patterns of
American thought and individual-
ism. Behind the extravagant wast-
age of land, he asserted, there was
blended with the raw materials of
physical development of an idealism
combined with a vast expansive im-
The racial factor, which the An-
glo-Saxon element dominated in
early American history, has so
changed recently that 40 per cent of
the population is now of non-Eng-
lish background. It is not certain,
therefore, he stated, that American-
ism is so firmly rooted that we can
afford to relax our safeguards
against regimentation.
Student Senate
Opposes Daily
Separate Resolution Backs
Present Organization As
Having Been Satisfactory
The Student Senate last night dis-
approved The Daily's reorganization
plan now under consideration by the
Board in Control of Student Publi-
cations and went on record in favor
of The Daily set-up and administra-
tion of the past two semesters.
Support of the reorganization plan
was defeated by a 16-11 vote and
endorsement of The Daily set-up
passed 12-9.
The Senate instructed its educa-
tion committee to seek the permis-
sion of the University to include in its
curriculum-criticism plan the power
to publish results of the poll under a
guarantee that names would not be
use for "muckraking purposes." The
original plan was recently accepted
by the University.
The Senate first considered the
rplan to "democratize" The Daily
which was submitted by 17 of the 21
junior and senior editors. The mo-
tion for approval, tabled at the last
meeting, was attacked on the ground
that the program pursued this year
fwas satisfactory.
1 The opposition held that the edi-
Stors themselves were best-equipped
to choose their leaders from the five
chosen by the Board in Control to
serve as a student board, and that
e this was a long range move for mak-
ing the control of the student news-
paper more "democratic.
Complete support of the Sprng

Parley was voted and delegates were
named to the several sessions. A
motion to hold Senate meetings ever3
other week' was also passed.
- Fire Damages
t French Liner
f Officials Are Investigating
h Possible Sabotage
f LE HAVRE, France, April 19.-
3 (Wednesday)-GP)-Fire of undeter.
. mined origin aboard the French line:
- Paris caused damage estimated in
t the thousands of dollars early today,
1l menaced an art cargo valued at
e, $650,000 and resulted in one death.
t The fire broke out late Tuesda:
n night as the 34,560-ton liner in the
d North Auantic service was being made
d ready to sail today for New York.
Firemen reported at 3:00 a.m. (9:00
o p.m. Tuesday, E.S.T.) that they wer


Von Papen To Halt
A uglo -Turkish Pact
Turks And Bulgaria Want
Support Of Soviet Russia
Before Joining Allies
Duce Starts Talks
With Hungarians


Baseball BulletinG
DETROIT, April 18.(Special to a
The Daily) - Several 1 hundred B
Michigan students braved a cold b
rain and wind here today to see t
one of the Yankee opposition J
teams, sometimes referred to as
the Detroit Tigers, take a 6-1 de-
cision over more Yankee-fodder,
The Chicago White Sox, in the
inaugural game of the season.
Tommy Bridges was the winning
hurler forthe Tigers, going the
full route, giving seven scattered
hits. Rigney and Dietrich, the
Sox pitchers, were touched for 12E
safe blows.
"100 years of baseball incar- t
nate," the New York Yankees,a
were rained out of their opener.
(For complete details, turn toa
page three).
Final Deadline
For Hopwoodx
Prizes Will Be Awarded
For Fiction, Dramatic
Writing,_Poetry, Essay'
All manuscripts to be entered in
the Avery and Jule Hopwood con-
tests must be in the office of the
English department by 4:30 p.m. to-
Entries into the contest may be'
made in either the major or minor
divisions and in any of the fields of
fiction, dramatic writing, poetry and
the essay. Only seniors and gradu-
ate students may compete in the
major division, in which the awards
have been as high as $2,500. Any
properly qualified undergraduate may
enter the minors.
Accompanying all manuscripts must
be a certificate stating that the au-
thor is doing work of at least C grade
in each course. A transcript of the
entrant's record during the past se-
mester must also be in the Hopwood
Room before the closing of the con-
During the past eight years the
Hopwood foundation has awarded
nearly $80,000 in prizes for student
writing. The foundation was made
possible by the bequest of Avery Hop-
wood, noted dramatist and graduate
of the University, upon his death in
1928, which stipulated that the in-
come from this bequest be used to
encourage student writing. The con-
test is recognized as the largest of
its type in the United States.

BERLIN, April 18.-(P)-Adolf Hit-
r returned suddenly tonight to a
apital preoccupied with plans for
is mammoth birthday celebration
hursday and immediately named a
eteran "trouble shooter," Franz Von
apen, as German Ambassador to
At the same time more than 25 war-
raft of the German Navy were steam-
ag toward Spanish waters for naval
Hitler showed clearly by the un-
xpected appointment of Von Papen
is deep interest in southeastern Eur-
pe and the Near East as well as his
determination not to stand by passive-
7 watching British-French efforts to
uild an alliance athwart the Rome-
erln Axis.
Von. Papen's aptitude for Nazi
padework has been well tested. He
ras Hitler's special ambassador to
ienna until Germany absorbed Aus-
ria in March 1938.
Britain has been attempting to
>ring Turkey, one of Germany's very
ood customers, into the French-BEi-
ish alliance. Such negotiations are
till under way in London and An-
:ara, where Von Papen shortly will
egin his work.
Von Papen, former Chancellor of
ermany and holder of Nazidon's
ighest decoration for preparing the
bsorption of Austria, had a talk with
itler prior to his appointment which
rought him from semi-retirement at
he suggestion of Foreign Minister
oachim Von Ribbentrop.
England Intensifies
Move To Line Up Turks
LONDON, April 18. -(M- Efforts
were intensified tonight to get both
Turkey and Bulgaria, German allies
in the World War, into the French-
British Front of Nations.
The efforts hinged upon conversa-
tions in Moscow, Sofia and London,
and until the results are known it is
unlikely that agreement with Turkey
aone will be announced by Prime
M-inister Chamberlain.
He told Parliament today that con-
ersations were continuing with Sovi-
t Russia, that Britain welcomed with
'satisfaction" the Roosevelt appeal
o Italyand Germany for a 10-year
peace, that "necessary contacts," mili-
tary and otherwise, would be main-
tained with nations in the French-
British bloc.
Chamberlain also told a questioner
that Britain was interested in the
independence of the Netherlands,
Switzerland and Denmark, but had
made no specific commitments to
assist any of those countries.
Political informants understood
1. Turkey and Bulgaria agreed they
could expect no immediate aid from
Britain or France unless Soviet Rus-
sia definitely supported the alliance
sponsored by those two powers.
2. Turkey was being urged to use
her influence to bring Bulgaria into
the French-British front. Britain and
France already have guaranteed to
aid Poland, Greece and Rumania if
they are menaced.
3. London suggested that Russia
make unilateral declarations that
military aid would be sent to nations
of the French-British front if, as
and when they requested it. A factor
in this has been Rumanian objections
to transporting Russian troops across
Rumanian terriitory. It was under-
stood tonight that Rumania now was
considering waiving these objections.
Attempts To Link
hungary To Axis
ROME, April 18. -(A')- Premier
Mussolini and leaders of the Hungar-
ian government tonight began con-
versations which Fascists hoped would
link Hungary to the Rome-Berlin
axis in the event of war.

PaThe Hungarian Premier, Count
Paul Teleky, and Foreign. Minister,
Count Stephen Csaky, are to go to
Berlin later to complete negotiations


Roosevelt World Peace Proposal
Impractical, T. H. Marshall Says

President Roosevelt's proposal fort
a world peace conference is imprac-
tical as a solution of Europe's poli-
tical problems at a tithe when a states
of virtual warfare exists, Prof. T. H.<
Marshall of the London School of3
Economics declared in an interview
Although there has been little actu-
al fighting in the past months Europe
is definitely divided into two camps
and the United States government
has clearly indicated on which side
she stands, Marshall said.
Therefore it is extremely unlikely
that the dictator nations will accept;
America as an impartial referee, he'
pointed out.
The attitude at such a conference,7
Professor Marshall believes, would!
probably be a condemnation of Fas-
cist aggression, which Germany and
Italy would not endure, or a recog-
nition of the claims of the dictators

alliances backed by armed force is the
only practical course at present, h
Russia's participation in such alli-
ances is to be strongly desired, ac-
cording to Professor Marshall, and i
is possible that she may become en
tangled. Chamberlain's treatment o
Russia at Munich and the fear o
the Soviet by border countries sucl
as Poland and Rumania, furnist
serious obstacles, he explained, bu
Russia's alarm at the possibility o
Fascist control of the Dardenelle
may be sufficient to overcome them
If a war does come, Professor Mar
shall stated, there is a possibility tha
the present German government wil
be overthrown. There is a strong hop
he added, that in the hardships tha
must accompany war, the Germaz
people would become discontente
with extreme nationalism and woul
rise against Hitler.
Chamberlain's new policy is n

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