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March 26, 1939 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1939-03-26

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A '


and managed by students of the University of
a under the authority of the Board in Control of
hed every morning except Monday during the
y year and Sumn *r Session.
Member of the Associated Press
ssociated Press is exclusively entitled to the
epublication of all news dispatches credited to
ot otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
republication of all other matters herein also
4 at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
lass mall matter.
iptions during regular school year by carrier,
mail, 84.50.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
er, Associated Collegiate Press, 1938-39
Board of Editors


=u l

for .
or .
or .

. ,

Robert D. Mitchell
. Albert P. May1o
forace W. Gilmore
Robert I. Fitzhenry
S 8. R. Kleiman
*Robert Perlman
. . Earl Oilman
. William Elvin
*Joseph Freedman
. Joseph ales
. Dorothea Staebler
. Bud Benjamin

Business Department
oiness Manager. . . . . Philip W. Buchen
hdit Manager . . . . Leonard P. Siegelman
rertising Manager . . . William L. Newnan
inen's Business Manager . . Helen Jean Dean
men's Bervice Manager . . . Marian A. Baxter
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
'he Education Bill
nd Democracy*...
. Harrison of Mississippi have re-in-
>duced into the Senate the proposed Federal
d to Education Act. The bill was originally
troduced a year ago, following the recom-
endation of the President's Advisory Committee
i Education. During the spring and summer it
as thoroughly discussed- by persons interested
public education, and the new bill was re-
'afted to meet important criticisms of the
rlier proposal. Dean James B. Edmonson of
.e School of Education was influential in the
ovement for many of these changes.
The purpose of the bill is to "assist in equaliz-
g educational opportunities, among and with-
the States," without, according to the new
[1, creating Federal control over the educa-
mal policies of the states and localities. After
e states have accepted the act, or any of its
rts, which are separable, the United States
3mmissioner of Education will certify payment
Federal grants. He will not be able, however,
approve or disapprove of the use of these
Appropriations are to be made for six years,
th mthe initial appropriation to be $75,000,000,
creasing to $208,000,000 in the sixth year. The
ids are to go to the states in proportion to
eir financial needs, except that each state will
3eive $5,000 annually for the state department
education. The amounts will be based upon
e educational need in each state as determined
the number of children of school age, and
[1 be allotted in inverse ratio to the state's
uancial ability to pay for education.
Despite the redrafting of the bill to meet im-
rtant criticisms, many educators seek still fur-
er revision. They point out that, although in
e present bill the Federal Commissioner of
ucation would not be able to approve or dis-
prove of the uses to which the states put the
deral grants, he can still exercise control over
,te policies by refusing to make the grants as
luested. In the second place, there is also an
portant question as to the amount of Federal
I which may go to private schools if the bill
re adopted. Finally, despite the redrafting of
e Senate bill, the education bill which has been
roduced in the House of Representatives has
t been amended and has all of the objection-
le features of the original proposal for Federal
atrol. It is feared that if changes are not made
the House bill, objectionable clauses of the
ginal proposal might get into the compromise
l offered Congress by the conference commit-
of the two chambers.
The need for a Federal program of education
shown in statistics of state education support.
ese statistica show that in certain states the
rage expenditures per school unit are three to
r times as great as in other states and that
average teacher salary in some states is
12m two to three times as great as that in
ler states. Even greater differences exist be-
een districts within the states. These inequali-
s exist mainly because school support comes
riost entirely from the property. tax which
ves each school dependent upon real estate
ues in its particular district. Almost all educa-
S agree that Federal support is needed to cor-

bill in a letter, saying, "I am sure that even the
warmest advocates of this new Federal Educa-
tion Bill would agree that the preservation of the
public credit is our first national obligation, and
that no amount of enhanced educational advan-
tage could compensate for the burdens and dis-
asters of a bankrupt state."
Thus, despite the tremendous problem of in-
equalities in educational opportunity which exists
and which can be so greatly alleviated by Federal
aid, educators are reluctant to campaign whole-
heartedly for the bill now in Congress. More than
that, it appears unlikely that this program of
Federal aid will be established.
What is needed to obtain necessary aid for
education is a recognition that it is of definite
concern to each citizen that educational oppor-
tunities be made equal throughout the country.
For every growing citizen will someday have an
equal vote and an equal representation in the
government, and in a democracy as nowhere else
it is necessary that every voter have an equal
knowledge of governmental- and social prob-
lems. What should also be recognized in this
matter are the dangers of Federal domination of
local affairs and political ideologies through aid
to education, and there should be a determina-
tion to divorce the possibilities of such control
from the proposals for Federal aid.-
Finally, the country must look to its standard
of values. Granted that there must be a limit
to the amount of Federal expenditures, is educa-
tion the place to 'apply this limit? In the last
few weeks there has been little talk of economy
as concerns expenditures .for the' machines of
war. The average citizen is being asked to raise
billions for guns, while his representatives argue
over raising a much smaller amount that will
make the lives of his children happier and more
successful. Would it not be better to preserve a
true democracy through the open door of equal-
ized educational opportunity than to prepare for
the next European war by a denial of aid to
education? The one is the surest way to pre-
serve democracy, while the other is equally cer-
tain to destroy it.
--Robert Mitchell
Says 'No' .. .
N REYKJAVIK they know how to
say "No" to Nazi demands.
The Iceland Government announced in Reyk-
javik on Thursday that the Nazi demand fo'
airplane bases on the island had been officially
"This forthright action," according to a meni-
ber of Iceland's Parliament, "was taken in the
face of the evident Nazi threat of force. Th
German cruiser Emden is expected to appear off
the Iceland coast soon on the pretext of a fish-
eries inspection. This task is usually assigned to
a much smaller vessel."
It was through the German air transport com-
pany, Lufthansa, that the Nazis demanded land-
ing-field rights in Iceland, which is 1,500 miles
from the coast of North America.
Though the airports would ostensibly be used'
by the commercial Germany-Iceland-United
States air line, the little island's government must
have had reasons for suspecting a military pur-
pose behind the move. It is naive to expect Hitler
to concentrate only on a Drang nach Oesten-
why should the Northwest be inviolate? That is
what the Member of Parliament had in mind
when he said "the independence of Iceland, with
its thousand-year-old democracy-the oldest in
the world-would be threatened by such a set-
After John Spivak's expose of fascist activities,
there is no reason to believe that the Nazis are
not interested in securing a northern base for
future operations against continental America.
It was not long ago that an investigation blocked
Nazi efforts to buy Anticosti Island in the Gulf.
of St. Lawrence.
Most important is the fact that the govern-
ment of an island with 100,000 inhabitants (under
a joint king with Nazi-threatened Denmark) re-
fused to yield to the outlandish demands of Hit-
ler. Viewed in the light of the Munich "confer-
ence," the incident puts Chamberlain and Dala-
dier, leaders of two powerful nations, in the

position of willing collaborators with the Rome-
Berlin axis.
Iceland's stand should have been headlined
throughout the world-a world that is doubting
the value of democracy. For the oldest democracy
in the world, without "oppressing" any national
"minorities," has flatly told the fascists that it
does not intend to have Nazi vultures swooping
down on its 39,000 square miles of democratio
Robert Perhnan

'And Please, Thor, Can I Really Have Rumania's Oil Fields?'

factor the analogyi

It Seems To Me'
It has been said over and over
again that the sharp notes of Wood-
row Wilson pushed us into war and
that Franklin D. Roosevelt is leading
thwT Unite RSta tec

appropriate: his motivators? Do we as interested
parties approve or disapprove "thoughtlessly"
of machine-political nominations for education-
al, policy-forming jobs or do we believe in "free
speech, free opinion, and free voting"? (to use
the words of Mr. Harmon).
Why leave it in doubt whether we students
want or don't want Harry Kipke for regent in
preference to Dean Myers? Let Tom Harmon
match his men (and women) against those on
the other side in a fair battle of ballots to see
not what one opinion or six opinions are but what
the majority thinks? When we go to the polls
next Friday to vote for our senators can we
have the tellers receive votes for Kipke or for
Dean Myers at the same time? Only thus can
we vindicate or disavow the action taken thus far
by our representattives in the Senate on this
particular issue.
"Go to the country" Senators!
-Paul A. Wright
The Bard Speaks
To the Editor:
I have always considered The Michigan Daily
one of the best college papers. But something in
today's issue surprised, shocked, outraged and
flabbergasted me. On page 5 heading the allur-
ing advertisement of Goodyear's College Shops
appears the statement "REEFER rhymes with
As a visiting poet (member of the Parnassus
Union, Local 711) I must protest. "Reefer" most
emphatically does not rhyme with "Easter." Is
there no editorial master-mind at the desk? Is
there no rhyming dictionary on the campus? Is
there no justice? What is education coming to
I pause for a reply. An apology or explanation
is indicated here. The Daily As manifestly unfair
to disorganized poets. Before I take action, call
for a boycott or a protective arrest of all the
editors, I offer a basis for negotiation. In future
all advertisements should carry an accompany-
ing caveat: "The advertisers represented in The
Michigan Daily appear here without benefit of
rhyme or reason, and their views (generally mis-
guided) are entirely their own." You are given
twenty-four hours to comply,
Yours irately,
-Louis Untermeyer
Barded In His Den
"Poetry is founded on surprise: The surprise of
recognizing something that was there, but some-
thing we had failed to notice. It is the shock of
finding the familiar, in the strange, the strange
in the familiar . . ."-Louis Untermeyer in his
book Poetry: Its Appreciation And Enjoyment.
We take our poet's pen in hand
To meet your expectations
And state the questioned rhyme admits
Of many explanations:
When saying poetry needs surprise
You must admit at least a
Slight surprise is caused by saying
"Reefer rhymes with Easter."
This rhyme surprised sufficiently
To judge from what you wrote,
It roused you from your lethargy
And brought about your note.
To refer to what you said again
A reefer is well known,
The familiarness of Easter
Can easily be shown.
And thus by quoting you, we see
This simple combination
Produces shock enough to fill
The poet's expectation.
Or perhaps it is your standards

bie s 16t1%4;60
down precisely
the same road.
The interna-
tional situation
of today does
not parallel that
w h i c h existed
during the days
of the World
War. But even if
we waive that
is far from sound.

(Editor's Note: This column was writ-
ten by Junior who wrote an editor's
note purportedly writen by Sec Terry
which we unfortunately haven't room
to run.)
FOthe JGP performance
Thurdaynight, a few of the
Daily boys, who had monopolized a
whole balcony row and who were on
the verge of being tossed out six
times for coo much noise, repaired to
one of the town precincts. The expedi-
tion finally came to a halt at Flautz's.
At an adjacent table, sat a large
number of the Engineering English
(doesn't that sound paradoxical?)
faculty, entertaining Louis Untermey-
er, who is in town as their guest.
Needless to say, Mr. Untermyer quick-
ly saw he was at the wrong table and
soon gave up the company of the
faculty men for, shall we say, the
younger set. The usual line of chat-
ter, patter, banter and re-banter fol-
lowed, with the Daily boys finding
Mr. Untermyer (or Looie as they
were now calling him) a very person-
able gentleman with no end of spon-
taneous quips.
The highlight of the evening was
reached when Looie arose quite sol-
emnly and said: "Gentlemen, I am
now in the process of composing the
only two-line ode in the history of
The gathering was, of course, de-
lighted-here was one of America's
ranking poets and he was going to
compose for them-spontaneous. May-
be they would see this very poem in
his next anthology ! Poetic history in
the making. And, if they liked it
enough, may'be Looie would buy the
next round (thought Carl Petersen).
So they all stood up and toasted the
new-born ode, with a clinking of
glasses and then an expectant hush
as Looie communed with the spirits.
quiet.' (with Mr. Flautz wringing his
hands in the corner fearing the glasses
would get dashed on the floor after
the toast). Looie knit his brows, took
a sip and began:
Ode to the Middle West
The Middle West-The Middle West
Where they make a god of Eddie Guest
There was an awful hush for a
brief moment. Then it came; those
darn Engineering English professors
must have been practising ventrilo-
quism, for right from the center of
the table came the short clipped: "It
Looie was perceptibly shaken by the
response his history-making epic re-
ceived and glared at the Engineering
English faculty.dArt, hah, what do
they know about art, eh Looie?
Strike For Peace
To the Editor:
The All-Campus Peace Committee,
which will hold an open meeting at
8 p.m. tomorrow in the Union, at its
first session elected a Continuations
Committee and authorized it to pub-
lish a. statement of the attitude ex-
pressed at the general meeting. The
statement follows:
"We, students of the University of
Michigan, again affirm our profound
desire for peace. Day by day, head-
lines sharply reveal that world
peace is being shattered by the
continued aggression of Fascist pow-

In the first place, there .is the possi-
bility that President Wilson might
have negotiated us out of war instead
of into it. There is at least room for
the speculation that a firmer attitude
upon the part of the American Execu-
tive in the beginning might have
saved us from participating in the
It is well to remember that Wilson's
first approach was along the lines of
counsel to all citizens to remain neu-
tral not only in deed but in thought
as well. That has not been the pro-
cedure of Franklin Roosevelt.
It has been his endeavor to make
plain the moral position of America
and our hostility toward the lawless
deeds of aggressor nations.
It has been said that words are
meaningless in a world of conflict.
Strangely enough, this assertion has
been made chiefly by pacifists and
others who are dedicated to a belief
in the force of public opinion. Mili-
tary men themselves, who are, m
theory, hard-boiled and realistic, do
not share this cynical contempt for
the weight of speeches, statements,
slogans. In a recent column General
Johnson pointed out that the German
army was not defeated in the field
but enfiladed by the pressure of opin-
ion in the civilian ranks back home.
More Than Divisions.
In other words, the fourteen points
of Woodrow Wilson were at least as
effective as that number of divisions.
And a second guesser has a right to
contend that if President Wilson had
seized the' moral leadership of the
world at a much earlier date he might
have shortened the conflict and been
able to force a far more stable peace
than that which was finally attained.
Nor is it necessary to go back to the
past to find that words can win vic-
tories as significant as those gained
by guns or tanks. It should be evident
by now that the success of Hitler
rests less upon his military machine
than upon the effectiveness of the
propaganda by which he has paved
his way for bloodless conquest.
Surely there is the most craven sort'
of defeatism in the theory that demo-
cratic leaders should practice isola-
tion right up to the point of keeping
completely mum about all the af-
fairs which hum around us. Those
theory is righteous and the Fascist
who believe that the democratic
philosophy abominable have not only
a right but a duty to make their case
a clear and as widespread as pos-
And the President is our spokesman.
He should be heard. He ought to
speak clearly. The road to peace does
not lie in any mumbling silence. In-
deed, in my opinion, Franklin Delano
Roosevelt should go even further in
stating the position of America and
our stand upon those principles which
are vital if a decent civilization is
to be preserved.
I think the time has come for the
man upon whom the mantle of lead-.
ership has fallen to talk not only to
his countrymen, but to the plain
people of the world in all lands. Now
is the precise time for launching
some program along the lines of that
embodied in tho fourteen points of
Woodrow Wilson.
A Practical Proposition
There is nothing Utopian in this.
Much evidence is available that, in
spite of the Hitler hoopla, the men
and women of Germany are not in
any sense eager to march into the
jaws of Moloch. And the same is true
of the mothers and the young men in
Italy and Japan. The fact that the
world has gone mad on the subject of
armament is the precise reason why
the gospel of peace and limitation
should be preached.
Naturally it is folly for us to drop
weapons in a world of daggers, but
a program can be framed for inter-
national amity upon the basis of
agreement. I am not for a policy of

appeasement toward the Fascists.
emphasizes the necessity for a posi-
tive American peace policy, if world
moral and political order is to be re-
stored. Our government's recent
action in raising the tariff on Ger-
man imports is a step in the direction
of removing American support from
aggressor powers. Our democratic na-
tion, highly regarded in world af-
fairs, is in a position to lead the
friendly peoples of the world toward
an enduring peace.,
"No more urgent problem than the
assurance of peace faces the student
today. We students can and must
participate in formulating a positive
peace policy for our country. One
of our most effective means of par-

(Continued from Page 3)
under the auspices of the Ann Arbor
Art Association. Alumni Memorial
Hall, afternoons from 2 to 5, March
24 through April 7.
Museum of Classioal Archaeology:
Special exhibit of terracotta figurines,
baskets, harness and rope from the
University of Michigan Excavations
In Egypt.
University Lectures: Professor Ken-
neth J. Conant, of Harvard Univer-
sity, will give illustrated lectures on
"The Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem"
on Monday, April 3, and "The Mon-
astery of Cluny" on Tuesday, April
4, at 4:15 p.m. in the Rackham Lec-
ture Hall under the auspices of the
Institute of Fine Arts.
Events Today
Eastern Engineering Trip: Impor-
tant meeting for those going on the
trip today at 5 p.m. in the Union.
Room to be posted.
Druids supper meeting Sunday at
5:30 p.m.
Varsity Glee Club: Rehearsal to-
day at 4:00. Promptness will be ap-
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet at 2:30 p.m. today at the North-
west door of the Rackham Building.
From here the group, if the weather
permits, will motor to Cavanaugh
Lake. In case of rain the club will
go roller skating indoors. As usual
the group will have super together.
Rabbi Charles B. Lesser of Jack-
son, Mich., will speak at the Hillel
Forum at 7:30 p.m. tonight on "To-
day's Challenge to the Jew." All are
The Lutheran Student Club will
meet today at 5:30 p.m. at Zion Pa-
rish Hall for social hour and supper.
Dr. Carolles Harry, prominent in Na-
tional Lutheran Student Club work,
will be the guest speaker at 6:45 p.m.
Coming Events
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers: The regular luncheon meeting
will be held Monday promptly at
12:10 p.m. in the Founders' Room of
the Michigan Union. All faculty
members interested in speaking Ger-
man are cordially invited. There will
be a brief informal talk by Dr. Erich
Husserl on, "Aus der Wekstatt des
Physics Colloquium: Professor C.
F. Meyer will speak on "A New Grat-
ing Mounting; Scale Drawings of
Crystal Wave Surfaces; and Models
of Circle Errors" at the Physics Col-
loquium on Monday, March 27 in
Room 1041 E. Physics Bldg.
Open Forum: "The Development of
Social Ethics" will be discussed by
Father Kennedy of the Sacred Heart
Seminary, at the Student Religious
Association Open Forum, Lane Hall,
Tuesday, March 28, eight o'clock.
Biological Chemistry Seminar:
Tuesday, March 28, 7:30 p.m., Room
319 West Medical Bldg., "Denatura-
tion of Protein" will be discussed. All
interested are invited.
The Psychological Journal Club will
meet Thursday, March 30 at 8 o'clock
p.4. in the East Conference Room of
the Rackham Bldg. Recent studies
of Lateral dominance in behavior will
be reviewed by Sidney G. Armitage,

Meyer Goldberg, and Miriam Bon-
The Political Science! Round Table
will meet Tuesday evening, March.28,
in the East Conference Room of the
Graduate School. Subject: Present-
Day Aspects of the Philippine Prob-
-'La Sociedad Hispanica.: The fifth
lecture ofthe series sponsored by
La Sociedad Hispanica will be pre-
sented by Professor Jose M. Albala-
dejo on Wednesday, March 29, at
4:15 p.m., in 108 R.L. The subject
will be "El Cid en la historia y en ia
epica." Admission by ticket only.
Graduate Student Council: Regu-
lar meeting Monday night at 7:30
'p.m. in the Rackham Building. All
members urged to be present.
Graduate Coffee Hour for all gradu-
ate students Tuesday afternoon from
4 until 6 o'clock in the Rackham
Building. Coffee and tea will be
served in the West Conference Room
and dancing in the Assembly Hall.
There will be no lecture this week.
A.S.M.E. will meet Wednesday,
'March 29 at 7:30 p.m. in the Union.
Mr. Oscar J. Horger, Head of Re-
search of the Timken Roller-Bearing
Company will speak. His talk deals
with the dynamics of high speed
trains. By means of motion pictures,
he will show that the locomotives ac-
tually leave the rails. Engineering
Mechanics and Civil Engineers are

The Editor
Gets Told

Suggests Kipke Poll
To the Editor:
What is more important to our student
lives and the lives of our successors here
at Michigan than the administration of our
University? That administration is guided by the
elected regents, so what more natural and proper
justification is needed before we students are
entitled to discuss and even to approve or dis-
approve candidates for the regentship. Some of
us can even vote! Especially appropriate is stu-
dent consideration of the present race, since
among the nominees is one whom we have all
known or heard of as the former head coach of
Michigan football team.

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