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March 19, 1939 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1939-03-19

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I
Weather
Increasing cloudiness and
warmer today.

L r e

A6P AOF
411t tnan

:4I1atii

, Editorial
Labor's Biggest
Enemy . .

..,..:

VOLXLIX. No. 122

Z-323

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SUNDAY, MARCH 19, 1939

PRICE FIVE

Federal Men
Open Parleys
For Advising
StudentBody
G-Man And Farm Official
To Lecture Tomorrow
In Vocational Series
Business Leaders
To Probe 13 Fields
The University's Guidance and Oc-
cupational Information Conference,
designed to acquaint students with
vocational prospects in the post-com-
mencement world, will open at 7:30
p.m. tomorrow in the Rackham Lec-
ture Hall.
Ace "G"-man W. H. Drane Lester,
and Farm Security division head
Wendell L. Lund will be on hand to
tell students of "Opportunities in the
Government Service."
The two young government career
men will be the first of 19 civil,
business, industrial and personnel
leaders Who will come from all parts
of the nation during the week to'
probe thirteen leading vocations,
selected b , student poll.
Rise Meteoric
Mr. Lester's meteoric rise to the
position of administrative assistant to
J. Edgar Hoover, chief of the Federal
Bureau of Investigation, particularly
fits him to advise. college students
Dn how to "get ahead," according to'
the raduate Student Council, joint
sponsor of the first session. Still in
his early thirties, Mr. Lester is a
Rhodes Scholar with a Bachelor of
Civil Law degree from Oxford Uni-
versity.. His record also boasts B.A.,
M.A., and L.L.B. degrees from the
University of Mississippi, professor-
ships of Latin and Law at Mississip-
pi and Memphis and law practice in
Memphis.
Besides being a G-man, Mr. Lester
is a major in the militarymintelligence
division of the Officer's Reserve
Corps where he instructs men in the
divisiop's training school for agents
and police officers.
Lund's Activities Many
Mr. Lund climaxed a wide variety
of government service in five years
of steady advancement with his ap-
pointment to the directorship of the
Community Service Section of the
Farm Security and Resettlement Ad-
ministration.
He has been described by the Bureau
of Appointments and Occupational
Information as "typical of the young
administrators who have in recent;
years forged into responsible .posi-
tions in our government."
Born in Escanaba, Mr. Lund re-
ceived a Bachelor's degree from Aug-
ustana College in 1927. After receiv-
ing his Master's from Columbia and
completing his Doctorate at Prince-
ton University in 1933, he embarked
on his governmental career.
Local Churches
Offer Varied
Services Today
Rev. Marley's Discussion
Of Martyred German
ScientistAmong Talks

The question of peace in the world,
and the problems of students, will
form the topic of discussion for many
of Ann Arbor's churches today in
sermons and group forums.
The Rev. Harold P. Marley will
speak concerning "Ossietsky-A Ger
man Martyr" at 11 a.m. in the Uni-
tarian church. Von Ossietsky, who
died last year, won the 1935 Nobel
Peace Prize for his services in pre-
Hitler Germany.
The guest minister at the First
Presbyterian church will be the Rev.
Willis L. Gelston, of Highland Park
Presbyterian church who will deliver
a sermon on, "Turning Defeat into
Victory." The Westminster Guild
will be divided into four discussion
groups in the evening.
Confirmation rites will be conduct-
ed by the Rt. Rev. Frank W. Creigh-
ton, bishop coadjutor of the diocese.
of Michigan, at 11 a.m. at the St.
Andrews Episcopal church.
The second in a series of three
talks and discussions on Christian
living will be given at 7 p.m. at Har-

Michigan's 'Century Of Service'
Celebrated By Radio Broadcast
Alumni Speak From Washington And New York City
As University Goes On World-Wide Hook-Up

Arts Academy'
Names Guthe
To Presidency

I ,

'**

Cuts

Germ an

Trac

Michigan tradition, achievements
and songs echoed around the world
yesterday, as the University celebrat-
ed "a century of service" with a 45-
minute broadcast from the Union
ballroom over the Columbia Broad-
casting System and affiliated short-
wave networks.
The program, timed almost to the
second by the combined efforts of
Prof. Waldo Abbot of the speech de-
partment,"and Albert Chance, special
program director, for Columbia, 'be-
gan with "The Victors" played by the
90-piece University Concert Band.
The student announcer, Dcinn
Chown, Grad., then introduced
President Ruthven, whose short ad-
dress marked the formal opening of
the program. President Ruthven,
sending greetings to the thousands
of Michigan alumni listening to the
broadcast, pledged continuation of
the University's high academic stan-
dards.
The Varsity. Glee Club followed
with two songs, "'Tis of Michigan We
Sing" and "I Want To Go Back To
Michigan," after which a dialogue
was begun between characters rep-
resenting a Michigan alumnus, Class
of '98, and a Michigan student now,
on campus. This conversation, which
was designed to demonstrate the exL
istence of University tradition and
spirit, was interspersed throughout

the program, and served to coordinate
the broadcast.
A fadeout introduced a skit por-
traying the entrance of the first fe-
male student into the University.
This lady, Madelon Stockwell, '72,
now living in Kalamazoo, was de-
scribed as "a heroine to thousands
of Michigan women." A Glee Club
song, "When Night Falls, Dear," dedi-
cated to Michigan women, ended this
lskit.
Then followed a rapid-fire listing
of Michigan's distinguished alumni,
with accounts of their accomplish-
ments.
The first inter-city shift then fol-
lowed, and Washington entered the
program, with Herman Schmidt,
president of the local alumni group
introducing both Arthur H. Vanden-
berg, '01, United States Senator from
Michigan, and Frank Murphy, '14L,
attorney general of the United States,
as "fine presidential candidates."
Senator Vandenberg praised the
University's stability and culture, and
referred to it as "a pride to the State
and to higher education." Attorney-
general Murphy lauded alumni loyal-
ty and spirit, and stated that "as a
source of learning and culture, Michi-
gan is a jewel without equal on this
earth." He said that he spent some
of the happiest days of his life on
the Ann Arbor campus.

Museums' Director
Organization For
Meetings In Ann

Leads
1940
Arbor

By Tariff Boost As Frane(
Enln Seek Russian Mi

_ - urrrr

Stuident Senate
Race To Open
With Petitions
Platforms Accepted Also;
Election Will Be Held
On Friday,_March 31
The race for the 16 vacant posts in
the Student Senate will begin at 4
p.m. tomorrow when Election Direct-
or Edward Magdol, '39, opens the
doors of his Lane Hall office to pe-
titioners for places on the ballot. The
voting will be held Friday, March 31.
Aspiring senators will have until
Friday, March 24, during the hours
of 4 p.m. to 6 p.m. to register their
candidacies, Magdol said. This third
semi-annual election will be con-
ducted according to the Hare system
of proportional representation with
the single transferable vote.
Applications must include the fol-
lowing material: signatures of five
student backers, a short political
designation 1for the ballot, a Univer-
sity certificate of scholastic eligibility
and a 50 cent filing fee.
Would-be candidates have also
been reminded that platforms will
also be received at the Lane Hall Sen-
ate office or at the Student Publica-
tions Buiding for The Daily "Senate
Battle Page" which will appear two
days before the election. The dead-
line on all platform copy has been
set at 1 p.m. Monday, March 27 by
Magdol and The Daily Battle Page
Editor.
An explanation of the voting and
counting system of proportional rep-
resentation systems to be used wiX
also be included on the special page.
The official ballot will be an-
nounced in Saturday's Daily, Magdol'
said, and he emphasized that the
deadline would not be extended be-
yond 6 p.m. Friday as it was in the
fall.

Michigan Wins
Butler Relays
For Sixth Time
Bill Watson Annexes First
Place In Both Broad
Jump And Shot Events
INDIANAPOLIS, March 18.-(ZP--
Team balance paid .dividends here
tonight as the University of Michigan
Wolverines rolled to their sixth
straight Butler Indoor Relays track
team title in a battle which saw
three meet records surpassed, includ-
ing one recognized world mark. An-
other claimed world record also was
equaled. "
The Wolverines piled up 46 points,
although they won only one of the
relay races which count heaviest in
point totals. Indcana was second
with 24 points and Butler third with
22.
A crowd of 10,000 saw the annual
event.
In a special mile-and-a-half race,
which topped off the 15-event track
show, Don Lash, the Indiana State
Policeman, raced to a 30-yard vic-
tory over Joe McCluskey of the New
York Athletic Club after trailing un-
til midway in the last lap. Lash's
time of 6:47.7 was 10 seconds off
the world's indoor record.
To a couple of Wisconsin boys went
the individual honors. Milt Padway
(Continued on Page 6)
Committee For Carnival
To Hold Meeting Today
There will be a meeting of the ex-
ecutive committee of the Michigras
at 3:30 p.m. today in the Michigan
Union, it was announced yesterday
by James Halligan, '40F&C. Important
business will be discussed and it is
essential for all members to be pres-
ent.

Business Session
Ends 44thMeeting
Carl E. Guthe, director of the
University museums, and Charles W.
Creaser of Wayne University were
named president and vice-president
for the 1940 meeting of the Michigan
Academy of Science, Arts and Let-
ters at the business session of the
Academy which concluded its three-
day meeting here yesterday. Mr.
Guthe and Mr. Creaser will succeed"
Prof. A. E. R. Boak of the history
department and H. R. Hunt of Mich-z
igan State College respectively.
Officers who retained their posi-
tions at the meeting are: secretary,f
Prof. L. J. Young of the forestry de-
partment; treasurer, E. C. Prophet of
Michigan State College; editor, Prof.
W. C. Steere of the botany depart-
ment, and librarian, Dr. W. W. Bish-
op, University librarian.
At the concluding business ses-
sion, three resolutions were adopted
by the Academy: one favoring the
passage of House Bill 139 in the State
legislature which provides improve-
ments in the methods of handling oil
and gas resources, another opposing
the passage of the Knox bill which
would turn over to the state land
board the Department of Conserva-
tion's present jurisdiction over tax-
delinquent lands in the northern part
of the State and the third opposing
the passage of the bill in the State
legislature designed to increase the_
number of members on the Conserva-
tion Commission from seven to nine.
Language And Literature
The "ivory tower" which formerlyr
represented a withdrawal of the
scholar to a contemplation of life1
around him, is now an "anti-socialc
hiding place" sought by the intellec-
tual aristocrat, Prof. Mentor L. Wil-t
liams of the English department de-1
clared at the morning session of the
Academy.t
Scholars from Emerson to Wood-}
row Wilson have inveighed against
the educated man who did not recog-1
nize an obligation to preserve a de-1
mocracy which guarantees freedom to
investigate and continue research.
Professor Williams described the
students of Emerson's day as "decent,t
indolent and complacent." It wast
this complacency and timidity whichY
Emerson attacked in a speech beforec
members of Phi Beta Kappa at Har-c
vard. In 1894, said Professor Wil-
liams, Theodore Parker stressed thef
debt which scholars owe to democ-
racy and their obligation to take part<
(Continued On Page 2)
Lawyer's Guild
To Hold Parley
Secretary Of Detroit Unit
To Speak Tomorrow °
The local student branch of the
National Lawyers Guild will hold its
first meeting at 7:15 p.m. tomorrow
in the faculty dining room ofethe
Law Club. Earnest Goldman, secre-
tary of the Detroit chapter, will speak
on "What the Guild Means to the
Law Student." The meeting is open
to all laT and pre-law students.
The Guild, according to the local
organizing committee, was formed in
1937 by men in the profession who
were "dissatisfied with the attitude
of the American Bar Association to-
ward current social and economic
problems."
The Guild's membership of 5,000
includes Solicitor - General Robert
Jackson, Assistant Attorney General
Thurman Arnold, Judge Ferdinand
Pecora and Dean Lloyd Garrison of
the Wisconsin Law School.
Student chapters have been estab-

fished recently at Harvard, Yale, Col-
umbia and George Washington Uni-
versities.
Initiation Banquet
Set For Thursday
The Interfraternity Banquet, held
each spring in honor of the men who
have joined fraternities during the
vear- will he heid this ne arat 6n Tm

Reported Nazi Movement
Against Rumania Speeds
Democracies To Unite
Bucharest Rejects
Hitler's Ultimatum
Bian(By Associated Press)
Britain ad Franceturned toward
Soviet Russia last night (Saturday)
in a quick effort to block a reported
move against Rumania by a Nazi Ger-
many they no longer sought to ap-
pease. The move, reported on high
authority, followed a day in which
the two Democracies denounced Ger-
many's seizure of Czecho-Slovakia ina
notes which Germany almost im-.
PRAGUE, March 18.--(R)-
Some German troops expressed
amazement today at the icy
greeting the Czechs gave them as
they occupied Bohemia and Mo-
ravia. They said they thought
they were coming here to quell a.
revolution and were surprised
that they were not given a great
welcome.
The German soldiers-most of
them 18 to 20 years old-have
shown good discipline. The khaki
of the Czech 'Army is still' seen
on the streets with.the.German
field grey.

Ial adier Gains
Dictator Staus
From Deputtes
PARIS, March 18-(A----The Cham-
ber of ;Deputies tonight voted Pre-
mier Daladier unprecedented dicta-
torial powers until Nov. 30 as in-
formed quarters disclosed a French-
British move to enlist Soviet Russia's
aid in a triple front against German
economic tressure ow Rumania.,
The sweeping decree. powers Da-
ladier demanded to enable France to
move as fast as the dictatorships
passed by a vote of 321 to 264 in the
Chamber. Senate approval at tomor-
row's session was considered a fore-
gone conclusion.
By the terms of the bill he could
dissolve political parties, 'ban public
meetings and newspapers, prolong
Parliament's life or dissolve it, or vir-!
tually put France in 0, state of mo!-
bilization without obtaining Parlia-
mentary approval.
Through his ministers and through,
statements to deputies of the finance
committee, this much of his program
seemed certain::
1. Reinforcement of France's
armed forces by calling the specialists
to the colors for the army, navy and
air forces.
2. Speeding up production in arms
and other war industries by treasuryr
loans and by increasing working
hours.
3. Buying war stocks abroad to
meet gaps in French production of
supplies of war materials.
4. Increasing working hours be-
yond the 40-hour a week limit im-
posed by the People's Front govern-
ment social laws in industries other
than those producing war materials.,
In addition to these primary points,
the Deputies reported that to satisfy
his rightist majority, Daladier would
prolong the life of the present Parlia-
ment for two additional years until
1942 and institute a. plan of electoral
reform advocated by the right.
Driver Killed By Train
At Unguarded Crossing
One man was killed instantly when
his car was struck by a train at 3:45
p.m. yesterday at an ungarded cross-
ing of the Wabash Railroad near
Milan. Rudolph Miklosi, 30 years old,
of Milan, was the victim. He was
alone in the car.
According to a witness, Miklosi was
driving very slowly at the time of the
accident. His car was hit in the front
on the left side and wreckage was
scattered for 1,000 feet along the
track. Miklosi's body Was evidently
thrown into the drivers of the engine.

Trade Barriers
Displeasure Of
At Germany's
Imports Of R
Expected T

I:

mediately rejected as lacking "every
political, legal and moral basis."
Almost as a team, the two Dteoc-
racies lost no time in acting.
Prime Minister Chamberlain rushed
back from Birmingham anl presided
over a momentous 21/2 hour cabinet
session-the first Saturday session of
the cabinet since last year's Septem-
ber crisis.
No official announcement followed
the British Cabinet meeting, but it
was stated authoritatively that the
session dealt with a request from
Rumania for a statement of Britain's
position on the German-Rumania
situation.
Rumania was reported to have re-'
ceived-and then rejected-a virtual-
ultimatum from Germany to grant
the Reich sole access to Rumania's
rich oil, grain and other resources in
exchange for German "protection"
of Rumanian territory.
King Carol was understood to have
asked Paris and London for a replk
within 48 hours on what support they
could give him against the Nazi de-
mands and Britain and France in
turn to have asked Moscow if the
Soviet Union would join them in
buying from Rumania to block Hitler.
The report met official denials in
Press Association, British news agefi-
both Berlin and Bucharest, but the
cy with excellent Government sources,
carried a report that the Rumanian
minister to London had informed the
(Contin-ued on Page 81

WASHINGTON, March 18.-(P-
On the heels of the State Depart-
ment's strongly-worded denunciation.
of Germany's absorption of Czeco-
Slovakia, the Treasury ordered an
extra 25 per cent tariff today on
many products that the Reich sends
to this country.
A Treasury spokesman who an-
nounced the action said it was taken
with the State Department's knowl-
edge, but refused comment when
asked if it was related to Germany's
seizure of the Czech Republic. -
"'The action," he said, "speaks for
itself.
There seemed little doubt, how-
ever, that this economic blow to Ger-
many could be interpreted in any
SPRAGUE, March 18.-(P)-AV
least 10,000 residents of Bohemia
and Moravia n were ko rnw to-
night to have been rder.ed r
port for questioningbythe new
German masters ° of brokey
ec Czecho-Slovak.
The orders did not mean, how-
ever, that they would all We de*
taned, but numerous arrests arer
known to have been made.
other light than as a forceful ex-
pression of this country's extreme
displeasure at what Sumner Welle,
acting Secretary of State, called es
teay the "wanton hlawlessness"oif
the occupation oferchr-Slovakla.
It recalled, too, that President
Roosevelt said in his message to Con-
gress last January, that there were
means "short of .war, but stronger
and more effective than mere words,
of bringing home to" aggressor na-
tions the aggregate sentiments of our
own~ people."
The Treasury ordered the extra
tariffl by imposing what are known
as "countervailing dutnes," effective
April 23.
(The Tariff Act Of 1930 provides
that such dutiesshall be levied
additioni to regular 'tiffs-o-cn any!
foreign products subsidized, indman-
facture or export, by te4governmet
of theacoun'try $oforiin)
The' Treasury acted; after Attorney
General Murphy ruled that Germa'
goods mported under barter ar-
rangements should bre sibject to e'0x-
tra duties..'
Imports from Germany declinedin
1938 to $64;53,000, compared with
$92,468,000 the, previous year.y
Private trade exertsestimated
that at least $30,000,000 of the 13
trade was carried on ,by t1barter. Unt-'
ed States aexprts to ermany totaled
$107,58&000'ii 93.Cotton anda
other 'products whih' Grmany an-
not resadily obtain" elsewhere have
constituted" the bulk of Reich Im-
ports' from this country.
In Vew of Welles" expression yes-
terday, diplomats here were convinced
that this country would not recognize
he Nazi absorption of Czecho-Slo-
vakia.
Awards To Staff
Are Announced
Publications , Scholars ips
Won By_18 Students
Eighteen members of the argoyle,
Michiganensian and Daily'staffs have
been awarded $50 scholarships for
maintaining "B" scholastic averages
for four consecutive semesters while
working on one of~the student publi-
cations, Prof. Williafn A. McLaugh-
lin, chairman of the Board in ton-
trol, announced yesterday. r
Awards were made as follows:
Daily business: Philip W. Buchen
'41L.
Daily editorial: Joseph N. Freed.
Sman,.'39; June Harris, '40; Saul Klel.
e nan, '39; Elliott Maraniss, '40; A.
bert P. Mayio,'39; Robert D. Mitchell
39:- Robert Prmn '90 nA rsot 1 !

---

Reich's Economic Security Seen.
Jeopardized By CZech Seizure

Football Pool Operator Pieters
Fined And Placed On Probation

Football pool operator John R.
Pieters, 39 years of age, of Kala-
mazoo, former owner of the City
Cigar Store at 106 E. Huron St., was
fined $500 and placed on probation
for five years by Circuit Judge George
W. Sample after he had entered a
plea of guilty to a charge of running
a "gaming house."
Pieters was arrested Nov. 22 by
local police on a warrant issued by
Prosecutor Albert J. Ra.pp on the
complaint of Earl Holloway, '40BAd.,
of Flint, after the gambler failed to
pay an estimated $3,700 in football
pool winnings to University students
and townspeople.
In sentencing Pieters, Judge Sample
reprimanded "public officials who
periodically say that they are going
to 'crack down' on gambling and then

was Pieters' claim that the football
pool was operated on his property
without his knowledge.
The probation provision of the
sentence was included to insure ful-
fillment of the community's duty to
"protect not only our own youth from
the prey of these gamblers, but also
the many thousand strangers (Uni-
versity students) in our midst,"
Judge Sample said.
Indignant campus sources com-
plained that Pieters "made more than
$2,000 on the whole deal."
The football pools, which gave suc-
cesively increasing odds for selecting
winners of football games each week,
paid out consistently during the sea-
son until the week of Saturday, Nov.
19, when bookmakers offered "ridicu-
lously easy" games to bet on. Pieters
anda reen Tickelt fonthal nnl

(Editor's Note: This article was writ-
ten with the cooperation of, two mem-
bers of the political science depart-
ment.)
By NORMAN A. SCHORR
When Germany stepped out of the
sphere of mere economic domination
in Czecho-Slovakia she did more
than violate the Munich pact and oth-
er similar pronouncements that she
wanted "none of the Czechs." In
reaching beyond the bounds of her
oft-repeated desire for "self-deter-
mination of the German-speaking
peoples" she also jeopardized her al-
ready-precarious economic position,
as talknof sanctions to cope with the
German imperialist threat is taken
up around the world.
The 25 per cent increase in tariff
duties on certain German imports
announced yesterday by the U. S.
treasury department to go into effect
April 23, is the first move by this
nation in the direction of, economic
penalties and is undoubtedly the
weapon characterized by President
Roosevelt in his message to Congress
as "short of war and more effective

lion," and the next victim of this
octopus' tentacles is unpredictable-
perhaps Switzerland, Belgium or Ru-
mania.
Power of this ambitious German.
government cannot be underestimated
despite world opposition to its poli-
cies, By raiding the banks of Prague
she amassed enough gold to erase her
unfavorable trade balance for the past
year and by taking over Czech mili-
tary stores she gained more war
equipment than England and France
produced during the past year. It has
unfinished business in Memel, Dan-'
zig, Rumania and the Carpatho-Uk-
raine (Ruthenia), rapidly approach-
ing the dangerous point of imperial-,
ist aggression when war will be in-
evitable for it seems evident that she
will not get the Ukraine without a
fight.
Until Chamberlain's speech in Bir-
mingham Friday, the present British
Government's policy in regard to
Eastern Europe was clear: namely,'
that economic domination in that
area by Germany was to be expected,
but territorial expansion would not
he toleateid.

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