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March 18, 1939 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1939-03-18

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-~ -

Weather
Partly cloudy today and
tomorrow.

Y r e

A6F Ar

4)a ii

Editorial
Clericalism And
Catholieism . . .

I

I

VOL. XLIX. No. 121 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, MARCH 18, 1939

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Birthday Broadcast

Marks

Unversity's

Century Of Service

CBS To Carry Program
To 150 Alumni Clubs
Throughout The World
T. Hawley Tapping
Heads Celebration
A century of service will be com-
memorated by the University today
in a 45-minute world-wide broadcast
at 3 p.m. from the Union ballroom.
More than 150 alumni clubs scat-
tered throughout the world will be
holding meetings celebrating the
birthday during the broadcast, which
will be carried by the 116 stations of
the Columbia Broadcasting System
and by short-wave.
Tapping In Charge
Organizer of the celebration and
chiefly responsible for the day's ac-
tivities is T. Hawley Tapping, gen-
eral secretary of the Alumni Associa-
Last minute changes in seating
arrangements in the Union ball-
room broadcast this afternoon has
made'possible admittance of 200
more students. These extra tick-
ets are on sale today at the Union
desk. Those who attend the broad-
cast will be guests of the Univer-
sity of Michigan Club of Ann
Arbor and the Ann Arbor Alumnae
Group at a party in the Union
after the program.
tion. Prof. Waldo M. Abbot, di-
rector of the University Broadcast-
ing Service, has directed the broad-
cast program. He has been assisted
during the last two days by Albert
Chance, director of special programs
of the Columbia Broadcasting Sys-
tem, and by a technician sent by
WJR, Detroit.
The program will be presented al-
most entirely by students. President
Ruthven is the only faculty member
on the Ann Arbor portion of the pro-
grams. His short talk, which will
open theb roadcast, will greet the
thousands of unseen alumni who will
be listening in.
Murphy To Speak
Speaking from Washington, first
switch-in on the three-point broad-
cast, will be Frank Murphy, '14L, At-
torney-General of the United States,
and Arthur H. Vandenberg, '01, Unit-
ed States Senator from Michigan.-
This part of the program will last six
minutes and will originate from Hotel
Lafayette, where the University of
Michigan Club of Washington will be
holding a luncheon birthday cele-
bration.
The program will then be switched
to New York where, at a tea given
Jointly by the Metropolitan Alumnae
Group and the University of Michi-
gan Club of New York in Hotel Taft,
Lyman Bryson, '10, former Michi-
gan faculty member, will preside at
a six-minute broadcast. Bryson,
chairman of Columbia Broadcasting
System's Adult Education Board, and
master of ceremonies at the weekly
American Town Meeting of the Air,
(Continued on Page 6)
James Is Elected
Hockey atain
Varsity Letters Awarded
To Ten Pucksters
Bringing to a climax his second
year of spectacularknet-minding for
the Wolverine hockey team Eldon,
"Spike" James, was selected by his
teammates, last night, to lead the
1939-1940 Michigan puck squad.r
Not only will "Spike" have the

honor spot on next year's sextet, but
his selection brings him the distinc-
tion of being the first goalie to be-
come captain in the last five years,
and the third one who has ever at-
tained this position on the hockey
squad since this sport was inaugur-
ated at Michigan.
At the same time Coach Lowrey
announced those Wolverine players
who received major awards for their
participation on this year's hockey
team.
Those seniors who received letters
were'Capt. Les Hillberg, whose cap-

Michigan Day Organizer

T. HAWLEI TAPPINGI
New GOvernor1
Receives Oath
In Farm Home
Luren D. Dickinson Takes
Office; Citizenry Mourns
Passing OfFitzgerald'
LANSING, March 17.-(A)-Luren
D. Dickinson, suddenly projected in-
to Michigan's executive office by the'
death of Governor Fitzgerald, pledged
himself today to the "task of serv-
ing all the people."'
Seven times Lieutenant-Governor,
Dickinson, who will be 80 years old
next month, formally assumed the
burden of State administration in a
simple oath-taking ceremony at his
farm home near Charlbtte.
The Legislature adjourned, State
offices closed and flags flew at half-
staff on the Capitol here.
Governor Fitzgerald's body will lie
in state in the Capitol Rotunda for
bfour hours tomorrow afternoon.
Public funeral services will be con-
ducted Sunday at Grand Ledge, his
home city.
Much of the Republican legislative
program which Fitzgerald had out-
lined in the 75 days since he as-
sumed office remains to be accom-
plished.
To these problems Dickinson, just
regaining strength following an ill-
ness, prepared to apply himself for
the next 15 months. In a statement
after taking the oath of office he
said.
"Obviously I shall not seek re-
election."
Dickinson, a conservative Republi-
can and for many years the State's
foremost foe of the liquor traffic,
never has campaigned for office. His
personal following is such, however.
that he led the Republican ticket last
fall as Fitzgerald defeated the then
Gov. Frank Murphy, now United
States Attorney General.
Seal Sale Begins Monday
Completion of the Annual Easter
seal sale for the benefit of crippled
children to be carried out on a coun-
ty basis was announced yesterday by
Fred E. Reiff, county chairman of the
sale. The drive, conducted by the
Michigan Society for Crippled Chi-
iden, is scheduled to begin Monday.

Day Climaxed'
For Academy
y Boak Talk
Meeting Covers 13 Fields;E
Whipple, Guest Speaker,
Gives Talk On Anemia
Dr. Allen Asks Use1
Of Scientific Method
Prof. A. E. R. Boak, chairman of
the history department, highlighted
a day of intense activity in 13 varied
fields of study by delivering a presi-
dential address before the general
session of the 44th annual convention
of the Academy of Science, Arts and,
Letters in the Rackham amphitheatre
last night.
Speaking on the "Role of Taxa-
tion in the Decline of the Roman
Empire," Professor Boak described'
the gradual weakening of the people,
the vast governmental structure and'
the public officials by the tax sys-
tem which had become a "crushing
burden." Although the taxes them-
selves may have been exorbitant,
the main fault lay in the system of
collection, he said.
The fall of the empire came, he
stressed, from within; when the tax-
ridden people were internally ruined,
the barbarian tribes had a compara-
tively easy job in coming in and tak-
ing the country over.
In the guest lecture yesterday in
the Rackham Auditorium, Dr. George
H. Whipple, dean of the University
of Rochester School of Medicine and
Dentistry, spoke on "Anemia and
the Building of Hemoglobin in the
Body." Dr. Whipple was awarded a
Nobel prize in 1934 for his research
in the field of anemia.
Dr. Whipple started his experi-
mental work in 19x? in California.
Using dogs as subjects, he rendered
them anemic in varying proportions,
and then charted the regeneration of
hemoglobin in their red cells. By
qualitative and quantitative tests, he
was able to determine the effect of
(continued on Page 3)
Rare A tpat Penguin
To Be Shown Here
By Father Hubbard
The pelican hasn't anything on
the atpat when itscomes to being a
biological freak, according to the Rev.
Father Bernard R. Hubbard, geolo-
gist, explorer and missionary, who
will show his picture "Cliff Dwellers
of the Far North" at 8:15 p.m. Wed-
nesday in Hill.Auditorium.
The atpat is a species of penguin,
though it lacks the grotesque dignity
of the waddling penguins of the Ant-
arctic. Unlike the true penguin and
the Australian Kiwi, it can use its
wings
This Alaskan variety of penguin,
says Father Hubbard, lays an egg
every June. If nature takes its course,
the egg hatches and we have another
atpat built on the original mode. But
if an Eskimo steals the egg from be-
neath the sitting bird, then she im-
mediately lays another and if that is
stolen, then a third. If that egg
disappears, she tirelessly lays a
fourth which hatches at once, before
your eyes, without incubation.
Tickets for Wednesday's lecture
are available at Wahr's book store,
the Union and the St. Mary's Stu-
dent Chapel.
ASU To View Fascism

The fuller implications of the fas-
cist front in America will be consid-
ered at a faculty-student roundtable
discussion at 8 p.m. Monday in the
Union, sponsored by the American
Student Union, Hugo Reichert, '39,
announced yesterday.

Miss Thompson
Asks New Ban
On 'Agitators'
DETROIT. March 17.-(Special to
The Daily)-Dorothy Thompson, not-
ed journalist and commentator on
world affairs, advocated definite
action to eradicate anti-democratic
agitation in this country and proposed
that it be made a criminal offense
to spread anti-democratic or racial
propaganda. She spoke before 15,000
in the Olympia tonight.'
"When we regain our courage we
will take action against these people
taking advantage of civil liberty to
overthrow all civil liberty," Miss
Thompson asserted.
Such legislation as she proposed is
now in successful operation in Switz-
erland. Her plan included prohibition
of private armies within the nation
and trial by jury for all offenders.
"The secret of freedom is courage,"'
Miss Thompson said, quoting Pericles.
She asserted it was time our children
were told there is no security this
side of the grave.
The United States, she said, is
physically the finest country in the
world, and the American concept of
equality is that every man, while not
equal, has the right to a break.
Miss Thompson was closely guard-
ed after her address by police and
attendants who feared possible repris-
al by Bundists for her disturbance at
the New York meeting.
Attorney General Frank Murphy
sent a telegram to the rally saying,
"Despotism is once more on the march
and for mllions liberty becomes an-
other memory. Democracy must also
march, not for territory, not for
subjugation of the weak or the op-
pression of minorities but to the
left."
Russel Lecture
Will Be Given
OnWednesday
Prof. Bonner Will Speak;
Announcement Of $250
Award Will Be Made
Announcement of the winner of
the 1939 Henry W. Russel Award will
be made as Prof. Campbell Bonner,
chairman of the Greek department,
delivers the annual Russel lecture on
"Sophocles, Aristotle and the Tired
Business Man" at 4:15 p.m. Wednes-
day, in the amphitheatre of the
Rackham Building.
The Henry Russel Award, which
has come to be regarded as a local
Nobel Prize, is given each year to
an assistant professor or instructor
whose work in scholarly activities
seems to merit recognition. The lec-
ture, always given at the time of
presentation of the award, is delivered
by a faculuty member selected by the
council of the Research Club of the
University.
The Award, amounting to $250, is
made possible by bequest of Henry
W. Russel, '73, of Detroit, who left
$10,000 to the University at the time
of his death. His will stipulated that
the income from the bequest be used
to provide additional compensation
for instructors in the University.
The award was won last year by
Prof. Franklin Davis Johnston of the
Medical School for his research in
the physiology and pathology of the
heart
enate Petitions

eadlin1e Is Set
Hare System To Be Used
To Decide Winners
Petitions for the third semi-annual
election of the Student Senate, March
31, will be accepted from 4 p.m. to 6
p.m. Monday through Friday in Lane
Hall, Edward Magdol, '39, director of
elections, announced yesterday.
The voting, to select 16 new Stu-
dent Senators will be conducted ac-
cording to the Hare system of pro-
portional representation with the
single transferable vote, Magdol ex-
plained. Posts are still open on the
election board.
Students before considering can-
didacy, he insisted, should realize the
responsibilities that will come witl
election and should be prepared to
pitch in with the Senate's broad
educational reform program that iq
under way.
Hillel Players To Repeat
'Hospital Hill' Tonighi

Roosevelt Backs Vigorous'
Note Of Protest; Pittman
Asks Arms Preparation
Treasury Cancels
Czech Trade Pact
WASHINGTON, March 17.-()-
In language seldom used in diplo-
macy, the State Department today
denounced Adolf Hitler's coup in
Czecho-Slovakia as wanton and law-
less, while from Capitol Hill Senator
Pittman (Dem., Nev.), an adminis-
tration leader, called on the United
States to hurry preparations for "po-
tential political and physical action"
in its own defense.
With the approval of President
Roosevelt, Sumner Welles, Under-
Secretary of State, issued a state-
ment declaring that "acts of wanton
lawlessness and of arbitrary force
are threatening world peace and the
very structure of modern civilization."
Pittman Asks Arms
He condemned "the acts which
have resulted in the temporary ex-
tinguishment of the liberties of a free
and independent people." The word
"temporary" caught the attention of
the Capital. Unofficially, the word
was said to mean that the United
States government does not believe
the Czech people can be kept indefi-
nitely in the German Reich but that'
the day will come when they will seek
to free themselves, possibly with out-
side assistance.
Senator Pittman, the chairman of
the Senate Foreign Relations Com-
mittee, declared:
"It is evident to me that, in acting
for our own defense in the most se-
rious situation that ever faced us, we
must not delay in preparation for po-
tential political and physical action."
"Fuehrer Hitler, by this last act,"
the Senator asserted, "has confirmed
his deception of Mr. Chamberlain and
has made clear his fanatical ambi-
tion and intention to dominate every-
where that conspiracy and military
force can accomplish his purpose."
Tonight it appeared that the Czech
Legation here would continue, for
some time at least, to be independent
of Germany-probably the only bit of
free Czech territory in the world.
Minister Vladimir Hurban was still
holding out in his dramatic one-man
stand against the Reich.
Welles Answers Cable
To a cable from Prague today,
ordering him to surrender the lega-
tion and Czech consulates to the
German Embassy, he replied: "I do
not recognize President Hacha's ca-
pitulation to Chancellor Hitler as
valid inasmuch as it is unconstitu-
tional and, therefore, I refuse to hand
over any property of the Czecho-
Slovak republic in the United States
of America to the diplomatic mission
of Germany."
After condemning the occupation
of the country by the Reich Welles'
statement added:
"The position of the Government
of the United States has been made
consistently clear. It has empha-
sized the need for respect for the
sanctity of treaties and of the pledged
word, and for non-intervention by
any nation in the domestic affairs of
other nations; and it has on repeated
occasions expressed its condemnation
of a policy of military aggression."
Another major development today
was a proclamation from the Trea-
sury virtually scrapping the recipro-
cal trade agreement between the
United States and what was Czecho-
Slovakia.
Engineers Plan
I New Smoker

Job Analysis,
ToolsRevea led
ByDr. Purdom
Tools to enable students to probe
;rospective jobs in terms of success
factors were revealed yesterday by
Dr. T. Luther Purdom, director of
the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information.
The hints are designed to serve as
a background for the more detafled
pictures of specific vocations which
business and industrial leaders will
present at the University's Guidance
and Occupational Information Con-.
ference opening Monday.
The foremost qualifications to be
considered are opportunities for con-
tinuued interest and self-development
on the job, Dr. Purdom said. The job
must not cramp the abilities of the
individual if he is to realize his poten-
tialities for service to society, possi-
bilities for training on the job and
other occupations to which it may
lead are also important.
Professional qualifications a n d
training required are particularly
significant for the college student,
Dr. Purdom said. Technical or pro-
fessional training, general education
and legal or other specific require-
ments must be considered in fitting
the student for a vocation. Not to be
divorced from educational prerequi-
sites are the probable cost of train-
ing and the length and availability of
the necessary education, all of
which must be adjusted to the stu-
dent's exchequer.
Particularly vital in the low income
brackets where saving is difficult are
hours of work, regularity of demand
and probability as to length of active
service in the field, he stated. Impor-
tant in any case is the relation
between present and future supply
and demand for the particular service
required.
Women Debate
In Final Meet
To Argue 'Pump Priming'
With OhioWesleyan

Chamberlain To Abandon
Appeasement Policies;
Henderson Is Recalled
'Dictatorship' Asked
By French Premier
BIRMINGHAM, England, March
17. -(P)- Prime Minister Neville
Chamberlain tonight bitterly lashed
Chancellor Adolf Hitler as a breaker
of promises and warned him that Bri-
tain would fight if he continued to
seek domination of Europe by force.
He charged the Reichsfuehrer had
taken "the law in his own hands"
by occupation of Czecho-Slovakia,
announced his own hopes of appease-
ment had been "wantonly shattered,"
and declared firmly:
England Will Resist
"No greater mistake could be made
than to suppose that because it be-
lieves war to be a cruel and senseless
thing that this nation has so far
lost its fibre that it will not take
part, to the utmost of its power, in
resisting such a challenge (to domin-
ate the world by force) if it ever
were made."
"I am convinced," he said, "that
after Munich the great majority of
the British people shared my hope
and ardently desired that that policy
(of appeasement) should be carried
further.
"But today I share their disappoint-
ment and their indignation that these
hopes have been so wantonly shat-
tered."
In another place he said" "There is
nothing I would not sacrifice for
peace, but there is one thing that I
will except, and that is the liberties
that we have enjoyed for hundreds
of years and which we will never
surrender."
Ambassador Called Home
During the day his government had
shown its disapproval of Germany's
action by summoning home the Am-
bassador to Berlin, Sir Nevile Hen-
derson, "to report" on events in
Czecho-Slovakia.
It was believed Sir Nevile would be
kept in England for some time as a
protest against the German moves.
Britain also was considering acting
with France in a joint protest to Ber-
lin.

Hitler Flayed By England
And U.S.; Daladier Seeks
New Powers From France

The season's last varsity women's1
debate will be a contest against Ohiot
Wesleyan on the pump priming topic
at 1:30 p.m. Tuesday in the League.
Barbara Newton, '41, Mary Rall,
'39, and Jean Tenofsky, '41, will
argue that the United States should
not cease using government funds, for
the stimulation of business. No deci-
sion will be awarded. The public is
invited to attend.
A team of four will complete a
roundtable discussion today at Chica-
go with Northwestern and Iowa on;
the question, "Resolved: That Mar-
ried Women Whose Husbands Are
Gainfully Employed Should Not Work
for Compensation."
The radio debate between the Uni-
versity women's debate team and
that of Ypsilanti State Normal Col-
lege, which was scheduled for 3 p.m.
yesterday was postponed because of
a nationwide broadcast of the speech
of Prime Minister Neville Chamber-
lain.
The debate was recorded and will
be broadcast from 3:30 to 4 p.m. Mon-
day over WJR. Rebecca Newman, '39,
and Elizabeth M. Shaw, '41, upheld
the affirmative of the question, "Re-
solved: That the United States Should
Cease to Use Government Funds, In-
cluduing Credit, For the Stimulation
of Business." Jean Sprecher and Elsin
Goodrich of Ypsilanti spoke on the
negative.

Reviewing the assurances he had
received from Hitler that Germany
did not want any Czechs and recall-
ing that Hitler said last September
that the Sudetenland "is the last ter-
ritorial claim I have to make in Eur-
ope," Chamberlain asked bitterly:
"What reliance can we place upon
any such assurances that come from
the same quarter?"

Daladier Seeks
Dictatorial Powers

Dickinson's Ascension To Office
Cases Unusual Legal .Tangle

PARIS, March 17.t--W-Premier
Daladier tonight asked Parliament
for almost unlimited dictatorial
powers to enable France to act as
rapidly as the dictator-ruled nations.
He not only asked for powers un-
precedented in post-war French his-
tory, but flatly refused to tell Parli-
ament what he was going to do with
themin the face of Germany's ex-
pansion in Central Europe.
He told the Chamber of Deputies
"the measures I plan to take are
military measures," but declined to
give further hint of his plans and
did not limit the scope -of hisrequest
to any particular field as French
Premiers usually do in asking such
powers.
aThe totalitarian states are cap-
able of taking important decisions
rapidly and applying them rapidly,"
he said. "It is impossible and ab-
surd that France cannot act with
the same rapidity."
The Chamber, already nervous af-
ter Hitler's absorption of all but the
Carpatho-Ukrainian tail of Czecho-
Slovakia, adjourned temporarily after
Daladier's demands were made. Ex-
citement buzzed through the Chamber
hall.
"It's almost a dictatorship he asks,"
many said.
Deputies said the powers, which
Daladier asked to have until Nov.
30, would enable his government to
suppress any party or newspaper and
call any number of troops to arms
without consulting Parliament.
They also stated the Premier had

Rv DENNIS FLANAGAN
When Lieut.-Gov. Luren D. Dick-
inson took his oath of office as suc-
cessor to the late Gov. Frank D.
Fitzgerald yesterday, he forced the
assertion of one of the most difficulut
problems of state constitutional law
to face Michigan's legislators during
recent years. Although Governor Dick-
inson has already taken this oath,
the question of the constitutionality
of his succession may even necessitate
a decision by the Supreme Court.
At the accession of Lieutenant-
Cxovernor Dickinson to the governor-
ship, he created simultaneously a

The legal problem involved, in the
opinion of Prof. Harold M. Dorr of
the political science department, is
whether Dickinson, as acting gover-
nor, can legally accede to the govern-
ar's office, and, if he cannot, whether
he can appoint a successor to an
office he already holds.
"Section 16 of article 6 in the con-
stitution," stated Professor Dorr,
"reads thus: 'In case of impeach-
ment of the governor, his removal
from office, death, inability, resigna-
tion, or absence from the state, the
powers and duties of the office shall

Dr. Clover Shows Films
At Meeting Tuesday
The first all-engineering college,
faculty-student smoker will be heldj
Tuesday, March 28 in the Union Ball-I
room, Allen Andrews, '39E, of the
Engineering Council, announced.
Dr. Elzada Clover of the botany de-
partment will present movies of her,
Colorado trip last summer, in addi-

Three Professors
To Attend Meeting
Prof. Leroy Waterman, chairman
of the Department of Oriental Lan-
guages, will attend a meeting of the
American Oriental Society of which
he is a former president, April 11 to
13, in Baltimore.
Joseph K. Yamagiwa of the De-
partment of Oriental Languages will
accompany Professor Waterman. He

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