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March 16, 1939 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1939-03-16

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U

Weather
Generally fair,l ising tempera-
ture today; tomirrow fair

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Editorial
The Nw
Peace BJH

VOL. XLIX. No. 119 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, MARCH 16, 1939

PRICE FIVE CENTS

State Academy
Of Educators
Begins Annual
Meeting Today
Convention To Be Devoted
To Forums And Talks
On Academic Subjects
A.F. Boak, President,'
To Speak Tomorrow
More than 400 educators and scien-
tific investigators from the State are
expected to attend the three-day ses-
sion of the 44th annual convention of'
the Michigan Academy of Science,
Arts and Letters beginning here today
with a meeting of the Council in
Room 4065, Natural Science Building.
Friday's and Saturday's sessions
will be devoted to symposiums and
speeches in 15 fields of academic
work from anthropolgy to zoology. All
addresses and section meetings are
]pen to the public.
Whipple To Speak
Highlights of r riday's program will
be addresses by Dr. George H.
Whipple, dean of the University of
Rochester School of Medicine and
Dentistry, and by Prof. A.E.R. Boak
of the history department, who is
president of the Academy. Dr.
Whipple, guest lecturer, will speak on'
"Anemia and the Building of Hemo-
globin in the Body" at 4:15 p.m. in
the Rackham Auditorium. Professor
Boak will give his presidential ad-
dress on "The Role of Taxation in the
Decline of the Roman Empire" at
the general reception at 8 p.m. in the
Rackham Amphitheatre.
In addition to the regular section
meetings devoted to short talks, dis-
cussions and exhibitions, several lun-
cheons have been arranged for Fri-
day's program. The sections of eco-
nomics and sociology will hold a joint
luncheon at 12:15 p.m. in the Union,
at which Harold D. Smith, recently
appointed Federal Budget Director,
is tentatively scheduled to speak.
Dr. Raymond B. Allen, dean of
Wayne University's College of Medi-
cine will speak on "The Challenge of
Our Times to Medical Science" at
12:30 p.m. in Room 316 of the Union.1
Dumond Talks Friday
The luncheon ot the section of
history and political science at 12:15
p.m. on the Union Terrace will feat-
ure a talk by Prof. Dwight L. Dumond
of the history department on "Obser-
vations by a Layman in London." The
biologists and foresters and the psy-
chologists will' also hold luncheons at
12:15 p.m. in the League.
At the dinner meeting of the Michi-
gan Psychological Association at 6
p.m. Friday in the League, Kenneth
L. Heaton will present a study of the
causes of academic failure in college
students. The dinner meeting at 6
p.m. in Room 316 of the Union of the
landscape architecture section will
feature a symposium of "profession-
al practice."
The meetings of the Academy,
which is the State representative to
the American Association for the
Advancement of Science, annually at-
tract educators and research men
from the entire State. Students or
faculty men from Wayne Uniyersity,
Michigan State College, Hope College,
Hillsdale College, Albion College,
Western State Teachers College, the
Catholic Junior College, Kalamazoo
(Continued on Page 2)

Students Strike; Want
Superintendent Rehired
ORTONVILLE, Mich., March 15.
-(A')-Approximately 50 1?upils pick-
eted the Ortonville school today and
notified the school board that they
would not attend classes Thursday
unless Superintendent Raymond N.
Baker was offered a contract for next
year.
The protesting pupils did not at-
tend classes this morning, but re-
turned this afternoon at Baker's urg-
ing. After school hours they resumed
their picketing. They carried signs
reading "We Want Baker," and "No
Baker-No School."
Baker has held his position for nine
years and said he was not informed
as to why he was not offered a con-
tract for next year.
The school board met today with a
committee of students and after-
wards one member said: "We have
nothing to say now. We feel that
Baker has been with us a long time
and now it is time to change."

Spivak Exposes Nazi Sabotage
And Propaganda In America

House Sees i
CompromiseHue
On Relief Cut A d CI C E lf P011 ci rP

Famed Lecturer Attacks
World -Wide Espionage
System Of Third Reich
By JUNE HARRIS
Secret armies of Nazi spies ana
saboteurs identical with those at work
in Austria and Czecho-Slovakia, nowI
exist in every civilized country of the
world including the United States,
stated John L. Spivak speaking yes-
terday before a capacity audience in
Natural Science Auditorium under
the auspices of the American Stu-
dent Union.
Backing his statements with actual
letters written by propaganda men,
members of "the fifth column," Spi-
vak told how workers for the Rome-
Berlin axis are cooperating with na-
tive Americans to win sympathizers
in this country, to secure military
secrets and to gain possession of ter-
ritories essential to them in case of
war in this hemisphere.
Nazi agents, who do not have mere
propagandizing as their real purpose,
but aim at sabotage and espionage,
arrived in this country about five
years ago and have spreaa their net-
work throughout the county, the
newspaperman declared. The names
of German-American members of the
Bund are available but the names of
native-born American sympathizers
are kept in code at the German con-

sulate, he added.
As an example of how
Americans work with Nazi
Spivak described some of the
ties of Henry Allen who has
criminal record of some 29

native
agents
activi-
had a
years.

Prof. Florence
Will Discuss
Co-opsToday
English Professor Couples
Knowledge Of Industry
With Economic Theory
Prof. P. Sargant Florence of the
University of Birmingham, England,
will lecture on "The British Coopera-
tive Movement" at 4:15 p.m. today
in the Graduate School Auditorium.
Professor Florence is recognized as
one of the foremost British expon-
ents of cosmopolitan and realistic
studies of industry, balanced by inti-
mate acquaintance with theoretical
economics. He has published numer-
ous articles and books, among the lat-
ter being "Economics of Fatigue and
Unrest," "The Statistical Method in
Economics and Political Science" and
"The Logic of Industrial Organiza-
tion." Since his college days when he
was a member of.the Fabian Society,
he has been on intimate terms with
liberal elements active in British
political and social affairs.,
He has recently collaborated with
several other distinguished British
economists in an exhaustive study of
cooperation in England, "Consumers
Cooperation in Great Britain."
Locations For Meetings
With Untermeyer Changed
Louis Untermeyer, American poet
in three weeks residence at the
University, will attend a special cof-
fee hour at 4 p.m. today in Room 308
(Quadrangles Room) of the Unioni
instead of the North Lounge as was
previously announced.
The weekly poetry class which he
is conducting at 7 p.m. each Tuesday
during his stay here has been moved
from the North Lounge to Room 319
of the Union.

Liaison man between the West coast
fascists,hthe Mexican Gold Shirts
(which he helped to organize) and
Italians in Washington, Allen is at
the present sinvolved in a scheme to
establish a Nazi armed force in this
I country, he said. To substantiate
I this statement Spivak read a letter
1 to Allen from James True which in-
dicated that plans for the secret army
were complete to the last detail.
It reads in part: "If your friends
want some pea shooters, I have con-
nections now for any quantity and
at the right price. They are United
States standard surplus."
This letter which constitutes clear
evidence of treason was turned over
to the Dies Committee investigating
un-American activities, Spivak said,
but the committee has taken no ac-
tion upon it. This constitutes only
one of numerous instances where this
group has surpressed- evidence of
Nazi activities, he added.
He cited the case of three suspect-
ed spies taken from the Brooklyn
(Continued on Page 6)
Severest Storm
Of Year Strikes
North Michigan
Deep Snows Block Roads;
Two Passenger Trains
Stalled InHeavy Drifts
(By Associated Press)
The most severe storm of the win-
ter whipped across Northern Michi-
gan last night and early this morn-
ing, piling up huge drifts of snow,
paralyzing traffic, and marooning two
passenger trains.
A relief train carrying hot food was
held at Negaunee until the exact
whereabouts of the Iron and Copper
County Express could be determined.
The train, with between 15 and 20
passengers aboard and no dining car,
was between Cascade Junction and
Partridge. Section foremen were at-
tempting to break their way through
to the train on foot before the relief
train was sent out. It was feared that
the stalled train's engine 'might be
trying to break the drifts and would
collide with the relief train, which
was made up at Negaunee. The ex-
press was drawn by two locomotives
when it left Escanaba at 6 a.m. yes-
terday.
The Ashland Express, which left
Milwaukee last night, was stalled a
few miles east of Ironwood. Both are
Chicago and Northwestern line trains.
A Northwestern freight train became
fast in a drift after leaving Quinn-
esec. The engine later reached Iron
Mountain after uncoupling 15 of its
19 cars.
Schools were closed generally
throughout the storm area. Snow plow
crews were fighting to keep one-lane
paths clear on the main trunk roads,
but high winds made the task almost
impossible. All secondary roads were
plugged tight. Numerous roads were
blocked effectively by stalled auto-
mobiles and trucks.
City schools were closed in Mar-
quette, Manistique, Newberry, Calu-
met, and Escanaba.
The northern section of the Lower
Peninsula also received snow, while
high winds and rain were general in
Southern Michigan. In Antrim Coun-
ty State Police on snow shoes rescued
a group of children when their school
bus stalled in a drift.
Ensian Editrial Tryouts
All students interested in trying out
for the Michiganensian Editorial
staff are to attend an important
meeting at the Student Publications
Building at 4:30 p.m. today.

Democratic Economy Bloc
Questions Relief Head;
Republicans Are Silent
Harrington Supports
Request For Increase
WASHINGTON, March 15.-(U)-
Compromise talk was heard faintly
in the House today in connection with
the quarrel between members of Con-
gress and President Roosevelt over
the latter's desire for an immediate
supplemental appropriation of $150,-
000,000 for work relief.
It came, to the surprise of some,
from highly placed Republicans, who
predicted that such a solution would
eventually become necessary, but ad-
vanced no specific proposals as to the
form it might take.
Produces Figures
Meanwhile Col. F. C. Harrington,
the Relief Administrator, appeared
before the House subcommitteenwhich
is studying the relief problem and
presented arguments to back up the
President's request for more money.
He produced figures to show just how
the relief rolls would be cut in each
state unless the additional appropri-
ation were granted.
Harrington was asked many ques-
tions, principally by Democratic mem-
bers-most of the Republicans ar
leaving the Opposition for the present
to Democrats of the economy bloc.
One of the queries produced a sug-
gestion which obviously had possi-
bilities of affording a compromise
basis later. It was that work relief
be "staggered," that is that needy
persons be given employment for two
or three weeks out of each month
instead of for the full period.
Suggests Rotation Plan
A committee member said that
Harrington "frowned the suggestion
down," and asserted that if any stag-
gering were to be done he would pre-
fer a "rotation system," under which
workers who have been on the rolls
for long periods would be laid off
and their jobs given for a time to
people who have been certified as in
need of relief, but for whom no place
on the rolls has been found.
The day also brought what some
thought was an Administration coun-
ter move to the resolution introduced
yesterday by Representative Cox
(Dem.-Ga.) of the economy bloc, call-
ing for a thorough investigation of
WPA by House Appropriations Com-
mittee. It was a resolution by Repre-
sentative Healey (Dem.-Mass.) tha
the mayors of cities and officials of
towns of more than 5,000 be polled
on their relief needs and the extent
of unemployment in their localities.
Hospital Ilill
And JOP Today
Prevues of "Pig in a Poke," current,
JGP production, and the Hillel Play-
ers' "Hospital Hill" will be heard in
15 minute skits from 3 to 3:30 p.m.
today over WJR from the University
Broadcasting studios at Morris Hall.
Scenes, music choruses and solos
from "Pig in a Poke" will be present-
ed at 3 p.m. The play, written by '
Richard McKelvey, Grad., includes in
its cast for the broadcast Alberta
Wood, Barbara Bassett, Betty Bald-
win, Jane Jewitt and June Madison.
Solos will be sung by Barbara Tell-
ing and Carolyn Rayburn. Directing
and editing of the script were done
by Enora Ferris and narrator will
be Helen Ralston.
At 3:15 p.m. the Hillel Players
will present several short scenes from
their production this year, "Hospital
Hill," written by Harold Gast, '39,

and S.H.S. Dann. The program for
broadcasting has been arranged and
produced by Margery Soenksen, Grad.,
with the assistance of Gast.
In the cast for the broadcast are
Douglas Morgan, '40, Ben Wampler,
'39, Doris Wechsler, '41, Nathan Git-
lin, '39, Norman Oxhandler, '41, Ed-
ward Stern, '39, Samuel Grant, '40,
and Samuel Sheplon, '41. Narrator
will be Gast.
The Hillel play will be presented
at 8:15 p.m. tomorrow and Saturday
in the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
"Pig in a Poke" will be given Wednes-
day through Saturday March 22
through 25 in the Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre. Tickets for both pro-
ductions are now on sale at the the-

Prime Minister Is Jeeredt
By Laborites; Eden Asks
For A Coalition Cabinet
LONDON, March 15.-(IP)-Prime
Minister Chamberlain replied to
Adolf Hitler's swift liquidation of
Czecho-Slovakia today by excluding
Germany, for the present, from Brit-
ain's drive for conciliation through
trade.
Beforena tense, uneasy House of
Commons the Prime Minister de-
clared, "I bitterly regret" the Ger-
man Fuehrer's action, which he de-
scribed as a "shock to,confidence all
the more regrettable since confidence1
was beginning to revive."
In grave tones both Chamberlain
and Foreign Secretary Viscount Hali-
fax noted that Germany, in taking
over Bohemia and Moravia, was for
the first time effecting military occu-
pation of territory populated by non-
Germanic peoples.
Halifax spoke in the House of Lords{
and made the same reference as;
Guidance Work
To Be Theme
Of JobParley
Students To Hear Leaders
Discuss Many Vocations;
Meeting Starts Monday
Vocational analysis, the problem
of breaking jobs down to see what
they are made of, will be the keynote
of the University's annual Guidance
and Occupational Information Con-
ference which opens here Monday.
The Conference is sponsored by the
Univeraity Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information, di-
rected by Dr. T. Luther Purdom, in
answer to student demand for accur-
ate information on problems which
they will face after graduation.
Foremost among these problems,
educators agree, is the problem of.
choosing an occupation compatible
with abilities and interests. Its solu-
tion, they insist, must begin while
the student is still in school. Educa-
tion, they affirm, must be adopted to
vocation.
TheBureau will bring outstanding
business, industrial and personnel
leaders from all over the nation here
next week to probe 13 leading voca-
tions with students in specific terms.
But the Bureau itself maintains an
all-year "conference" with daily ses-
sions in its offices between students
and counselors. Here on the "firing
line" of vocational guidance, person-
ality kinks are straightened out,
career tips dispensed, capabilities and
interests determined and curriculums
adjusted to meet occupational needs.
Closely related to job analysis is
self-analysis, Dr. Purdom points out.
While the forthcoming conference is
designed to analyse the leading voca-
tions for the campus at large, self-
analysis is an individual matter and
must be handled by the bureau in
private conferences.

Britain Strikes Germany
From Its Trade Parleys

Chamberlain IsSokd

Chamberlain to the "shock to confi-
dence."
While Germany's forces were
marching through the time-worn
courtyards of Prague, Chamberlain
was taunted by a British Labor Party
spokesman with charges of Britain's
"humiliation and shame" through the
German coup.
In addition, Anthony Eden, who
resigned as foreign secretary 13
months ago in disagreement with
Chamberlain's foreign policy, re-
newed his request for an al-party
government to "banish from our
people haunting fear."
After quoting from Hitler's auto-
biographical book, "Mein Kampf,"
which outlines his plans, Eden said
the present European situation was
beyond party controversy and called
for establishment of a coalition gov-
ernment of all parties.
Chamberlain and Halifax both an-
nounced that the projected visits of
Oliver Stanley, board of trade presi-
dent, and overseas trade secretary
R. S. Hudson to Berlin for trade talks
would be "inappropriate" now and
had been "postponed."
Hudson, however,.will go ahead
with his scheduled visits to Moscow
and other northern European capi-
tals.
It was understood Sir Nevile Hen-
derson, British Ambassador to Berlin,
had been instructed to inform Ger-
many of this decision and also of the
fact that Britain "strongly deprecat-
ed" Germany's march to the East
which "was not contemplated at
Munich."
Chamberlain and Halifax foimally
announced that Britain, while still
convinced she followed the proper
course at the Munich Conference
Sept. 29 which paved the way for the
first partition of Czecho-Slovakia,
would no longer be bound by her
promise to guarantee. the Czecho-
Slovak frontiers established under
the Munich accord.
UAW Faction
Plans Meeting
Martin Refuses To Admit
Fund Shortage
DETROIT, March 15.-(P)-The
CIO-supported faction of the United
Automobile Workers Union moved a
step nearer completion of arrange-
ments for its Cleveland convention
March 27 with the appointment ci
committees on constitution, creden-
tials and resolutions today.
Meanwhile a spokesman for Hom-
er Martin, head of the rival UAW
faction which held its convention in
Detroit a week ago, denied a report
that his office staff had been trimmed
sharply. This spokesman said that
only two members of the office staff
had been discharged along with sev-
eral organizers hired on a temporary
basis. The CIO group had charged
that 10 office workers had been dis-
missed and that more were to follow.
CIO sources said the alleged dis-
missals were made because Martin
was pressed for funds. This has been
denied by Martin.

Military Governs Moravia
And Bohemia; Fuehrer
To Make Public Speech
Hungarians Reach
Poland's Border
PRAGUE, March 15.-(P)-AdoLf
Hitler took possession of Bohemia
and Moravia today, personally fol-
lowing his grey-clad Nazi troops into
Prague itself with a suddennes that
completely. surprised an already be-
wildered Czech population.
His Third Reich troops received the
coldest greeting they have had in
any of the territories into which they
have gone to fulfill the idea of a
Greater Germany.
Prague's residents, without fear
and contrary to repeated appeals
made by loudspeaker set up in the
Capital's principal streets, loudly
hissed and booed the troops. They
threw snow balls at armored cars as
they rolled into the city.
Fuehrer To Talk
Tonight Hitler symbolized his
lightning conquest by sleeping in his-
toric Hradcany Castle, burial vault
of makers of Bohemian history, and
more recently the residence of
Czecho-Slovak republic presidents.
(Exchange telegraph dispatches to
London said Hitler was expected to
make a public speech in Prague to-
morrow before students of the Ger-
man university and high schools.
The hour of the speech was not set).
As the Fuehrer entered Prague
the Prussian military already had
set up a temporary military and civil
government to rule Bohemia and
Moravia as protectorates of the
Greater German Reich, in which
they are to be simply cultural islands.
Within an hour of Hitler's arrival
his standard was raised over the old
castle, towering above the city, in
which he slept tonight.
There were no cheers, no plaudits,
no garlands for the master of Great-
er Germany .as there were when he
entered "liberated" Austria one year
ago and the Sudetenland last Oc-
tober.
Police Check Mobs
Hitler thus carried through what
the great "Iron Chancellor," Bis-
marck, shrank from doing-taking
command of Southern Bohemia.
A platoon of Czech police kept the
crowds in St. Wenceslas Square from
springing at three armored cars and
their embarrassed operators.
World War legionnaires who fought
for Czech independence under the
leadership of the late Thomas Ma-
saryk and his aide, Eduard Benes,
wept without shame, and so did their
women-their 20 years of indepen-
dence only a memory.
Cries of "Pfui! Pfui!-go back
home" were heard.
German residents, however, pro-
vided some cheering for the conquer-
ors.
On the heels of the Germany army,
which crossed the borders at 6 a.m.
(midnight Tuesday, EST), came the
Gestapo, efficient German secret po-
lice. A number of arrests were re-
ported to have been made.

Wagner Act Is A Guarantee
Of Democracy, Lawyer Asserts

Rehearsal Of Birthday Party
Broadcast To Be Held Tonight

By ROBERT PERLMAN
Attacks on the Wagner Act are
assaults on democracy and on organ-
ized labor, one of the strongest bul-
warks of democracy, Harold A. Crane-
field, attorney for the National Labor
Relations Board in Detroit, told the
Liberal Lawyers Club last night in
the Union.
Declaring that the three amend-
ments to the Act suggested in Con-
gress are attempts to weaken the
NLRB's power to protect labor's right
to organize, Cranefield went on to
outline the education that stems
from membership in a union. He list-
ed:
1. Acquainting the new union work-

being and on his ability to govern,
and the holding of popular elections
to determine the majority interests
that are to be served by government.
Conflicting economic classes act on
government bodies through pressure
groups, he said, emphasizing that the
Wagner Act frees the worker from
direct political pressure from his
employer.
Blasting the distortion and sup-
pression of news by a majority of the
daily press, the labor board attorney
said that the treatment given the
NLRB by newspapers is a manifes-
tation of economic control acting to
deprive workers of information nec-I

Hungarians Reach Poland
WARSAW, March 16.-(Thurs-
day)-(P)-Hungarian troops today
established a common frontier with
Poland, marching across Carpatho-
Ukraine and reaching the Polish
border at Lavoczne and at Sianki at
1 a.m.
The small detachments of Hun-
garians, who had fought their way
across the eastern tip of demolished
Czecho-Slovakia through a raging
blizzard, were received into the Polish
guard stations and given a warm wel-
come by Polish troops.
They received food and hot drinks
immediately.
Final Issue Of Retiring
Technic Staff Out Today
The March issue of the Michigan
Technic will go on sale today and
tomorrow in the lobby of the gn-
gineering Arch.
Final issue of the retiring staff, the

By HOWARD GOLDMAN
A "dress" rehearsal of the MichiganI
Birthday Party broadcast will feature
the entertainment program at the
annual dinner of the University of
Michigan Club of Ann Arbor, to be
held tonight in the Union. Only club
members will be admitted to the re-'
hearsal.
Prof. Waldo M. Abbot of the speech'
department, program director, and a
technical adviser from the Columbia
Broadcasting System, which will carry
the broadcast Saturday, will make

The ticket sale opens today for the
Michigan Birthday Broadcast Satur-
day. They will be sold at the Union
desk, alumni office in Alumni Me-
morial Hall and alumnae office in the
League. Tickets are priced at 25 cents,
and admittances are limited to 309.
Plans of various campus organiza-
tions for participation in the birth-
day celebration are rapidly taking
shape, it was announced yesterday by
James V. Halligan, '40F&C, Union
social chairman. Saturday night's

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