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March 11, 1939 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1939-03-11

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U

Weather
Occasional ains today and
tomorrow; rising temperature.

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Sir ta~

:43 AL -dah- ttl

Editorial
Airplane Sales
For Democracy.

VOL. XLIX. No. 115 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 11, 1939
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ UI

PRICE FIVE CENTS

SlovakiaRuled
ByMartialLaw
After Attempt
At Secession
Czech Army Takes Region
When Three Ministries
Fail To Stop Dissension
Compromise Seen
LikelyVery Soon
PRAGUE, March 10.-P)-Czech
troops ruled under martial law in
autonomous Slovakia tonight after
Czecho-Slovak President Emil Hacha
had removed three Slovak ministers,
including Premier Joseph Tiso, in an
effort to suppress a secession move-
ment.
Hacha acted early this morning
after repeated conferences with the
autonomous Slovak government had
failed to bring its assurances of co-
operation with the federal govern-
ment.
Dissension had torn the parent and
provincial governments since Slovakia
A compromise between the
Czecho-Slovak Central Govern-
ment and autonomous Slovakia
appeared in the making early to-
day after the Central Government
had imposed martial law and re-
moved the Premier of the autono-
mous region to suppress a seces-
sion movement.
Karl Sidor, vice premier , of
Czecho-Slovakia and Slovak repre-
sentative in the central govern-
ment, rejected alignment with
separatist agitation and said a
Slovak cabinet based on the exist-
ing federal constitution would be
formed by Saturday night.
won autonomy as a result of the
Munich partition last September 29
and Czecho-Slovakia became a fed-
eration of semi-independent states.
Government Struggles
The central government had
struggled to reconcile the conflict-
ing forces, but discord flared last
night in anti-Czech demonstrations
at Bratislava, the Slovak capital, fol-
lowing reports of an independence
movement. One report said Slovak
extremists vainly had sought Ger-
man support.
Tiso, parish priest anl leader of
the Slovak People's Party, and the
two dismissed Slovak cabinet mem-
bers, Economics Minister Jan Pruz-
sinski and Labor Minister Ferdinand
Durchansky, were under police super-
vision although not formally arrested.
Slovak Vice Premier Josef Sivak
was named Premier and recalled here
immediately. He had started for Rome
to attend the coronation Sunday of
Pope Pius XII.
Police Units Sent
A division of the Czecho-Slovak
army and police units were sent into
Slovakiadto maintain order. Martial
law was proclaimed in Bratislava,
where Separatists ordered a general
strike and non-Separatists staged
counter-demonstrations.
Prof. Alois Tuka, leader of the in-
dependence movement and formerly
a chief of the Slovak People's Guards,
and Sano Mach, head of the Slovak
propaganda service, were taken into'
custody.
Andore Henke, German Charge
D'Affaires in Prague, assured Czecho-
Slovak Foreign Minister Frantisek
Chvalkovsky that the German Gov-
ernment regarded the trouble entirely

as the domestic concern of Czecho-
Slovakia.
Rebels Release
British Vessel
Halifax Cautions Franco
Against Future 'Action'
LONDON, March 10.-()-A Brit-
ish freighter seized in Nationalist
Generalissimo Franco's new blockade
of Spanish Republican waters was
freed tonight after two British de-
stroyers rushed to her aid.
TheAdmiralty announced that the
freighter, the Stangate, had been lib-
erated by Nationalist warships which
took her prisoner under the block-
ade announced Wednesday, and was
heingsrorte1 tn Gibraltar by the

Loyalists Are True Guardians
Of Culture, Father Lobo Holds
a-

Poet Arrives

Swimmers Qualify 17 Men
In Blasting Four Records;

Sheamus, O'Sheel Protests
Against Arms Embargo
And RebelRecognition
By JUNE HARRIS
It is not Franco's rebels who are
fighting to preserve the Catholic re-
ligion and culture in Spain; it is the
Loyalist people of the country who
have been waging a desperate strug-
gle to save the institutions they
cherish against the onslaught of the
Fascists, declared Father Leocadio
Lobo, priest from Madrid, who with
Sheamus O'Sheel, Irish poet, spoke
yesterday afternoon before more
than 100 people at a meeting spon,
sored by the American Student
Union.,
Father Lobo, answering charges
Labor Leaders
Consider Plans
For Unification
President Of Railwaymen
Offers Rank And File
Vote As Compromise
NEW* YORK, March 10. -(/)--
Three major proposals for unifica-
tion of the cleft ranks of American
Labor were considered tonight by
AFL and CIO committeemen resum-
ing peace negotiations started Tues-
day in the White House.
American Federation of Labor
spokesmen, although having retract-
ed a flat refusal to consider a CIO
Merger Plan, were expected to insist
upon the same peace terms previous-
ly offered the John L. Lewis organi-
zation in December, 1937.
Derided as" fanciful" by AFL lead-
ers, the plan proposed by Lewis would
create a single huge labor organiza-
tion-the American Congress of
Labor-combining the AFL, I and
Railroad Brotherhoods.
Declining comment on the Broth-
erhoods' proposed participation, Alex-
ander F. Whitney, President of the
Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen,
yesterday advocated an AFL-CIO
Unity Plan which would leave the
major issues to the rank and file of
union members themselves, and not
to their leaders.
He proposed that the rival organiza-
tions unite and allow their members
to settle overlapping jurisdictional
claims in elections "over a period of
time."
The AFL Plan, rejected 15 months
ago by Lewis, would have reinstated
the original CIO unions in the AFL
and admitted all new CIO unions
after settlement of jurisdictional
quarrels by aubccinmittees.
Mann To Speak
On Freedom,
Voluntary Exile Talks1
In Detroit Tonight '
Thomas Mann, noted author,
Nobel prize winner and voluntary
exile from Nazi Germany, will speak
at 8:15 p.m. today at the Masonic
Auditorium in Detrot under the aus-
pices of the League for Human
Rights. His subject will be "Free-
dom."
Dr. Mann, who spoke in Ann Ar-
bor last March on "The Coming Vic-
tory of Democracy," was awarded the
Nobel prize in literature in 1929.
Among his well-known novels are
"Buddenbrooks," "The Magic Moun-
tain" and his most recent, "Joseph
and His Brothers," a novel consisting
of several volumes, four of which
have already been publshed. He has
also written many short stories which

were recently collected under the
title, "Stories of Three Decades."
Although Aryan and Christian, Dr.
Mann forsook his: native Germany
when the Nazis came into power and
now lectures at Princeton University.
He has taken out first papers toward
American citizenship. Since leaving
Germany, he has been lecturing in
America warning the democratic na-
tions to unite against the dictators.
Angell To Discuss
Modern Germany
Prof. Robert C. Angell of the soci-
ologv department will sneak on "An

which have appeared against him in
the press, asked to have a letter read
which he had sent to the Rt. Rev.
Mgr. Micheal Ready, general secre-
tary of the National Welfare Cpuncil.
In this he states, " . . . I am not a
suspended priest, and that to my
knowledge neither in 1936 nor at any
time has my Prelate, or His Excel-
lency, the Bishop of Madrid, nor my
Ordinary, Dr. Heriberto Prieto, his
Vicar in Madrid, suspended nor
raised canonical sanctions against
me."
Those who claim*they are fighting
to preserve culture have bombed the
University of Madrid, and the Na-
tional Library, the Father continued,
and have destroyed far more churches
than the so-called infidels, the Span-
ish people.
It is certainly true that the Spanish
War is related to culture, Father Lobo
pointed out, but it is the Spanish
people, not the men of Franco, who
are continuing to wage their long
struggle forculture and progress. The
press does not tell you how the sol-
diers in trenches devote their spare
time to educating themselves, to
learning to read and write, he added.
News of the coup d'etat of Miaja's
group, prejudiced as it is, furnishes
no indication of the willingness
of the Spanish people to surrender,
stated Sheamus O'Sheel, Irish poet.
(Continued n Page 6)
Miaj a's Units
Bomb Loyalists
In Opposition
General Imports Troops
From Valencia To Quell
Fierce Street Battles
MADRID, March 10.-(P)-Gen.
Jose Miaja called into action mobile
units of his army today and began to
blast out Loyalists revolting in Ma-
drid against his regime and his pro-
gram of surrender to Insurgent Gen-
eralissimo Francisco Franco.
Tanks, mortars and field guns rolled
into Loyalist emplacements in the
neighborhood of the old bull ring on
Madrid's East Side, while the Loyal-
ist forces relied chiefly on hand
bombs and were unable to cope with
their foe's weapons. An announce-
ment by General Miaja's staff said
that 14,000 of the opposition had sur-
rendered since yesterday.
As soon as troops from Valencia
arrived, they swung into action. A
fierce battle raged around the East
Side Square for several hours before
Miaja's army announced it had
gained the upper hand.
Snipers took pot shots at the ap-
proaching Miaja troops from door-
ways, house tops and streetcorners
and gave way only after their posi-
tions were made untenable.
After being routed from the square
the Loyalists put up a fight under
cover of a few scattered hills beyond
the bull ring.
Heavy mortar fire, however, tore big
gaps into their ranks, while machine-
gun detachments encircled them in
an ever-tightening grip.
A few groups of Loyalists finally
surrendered and later there was a
rush of their fellow revolters over to
the mobile army to lay down their
arms. Casualty estimates were lack-
ing.
French Author To Speak
Mme. Arline Caro-Delvaille, auth-
or, lecturer and journalist will give
a talk, illustrated with motion pic-
tures, at 4:15 p.m. Thursday in the
Natural Science Auditorium, under
the auspices of Le Cercle Francais.
Her subject will be "Voyage au Peri-
gord."

Untermeyer
Arrives Today
For Short Stay
Noted Critic And Essayist
Will Speak And Direct
Classes During His Visit
Louis Untermeyer, American poet,
critic and essayist, arrives in Antin
Arbor this morning for three weeks
during which he will lecture, conduct
classes and participate in informal
discussions with students and facul-
ty members.
Mr. Untermeyer's stay here will be
highlighted by a University lecture
at 8:15 p.m. Monday in the Graduate
School Auditorium on "The Poet vs.
the Average Man." This lecture, as
well as all of Mr. Untermeyer's oth-
er activities here will be under the
sponsorship of the department of En-
gineering English.
At 7 p.m. each Tuesday during
the next three weeks, Mr. Untermey-
er will conduct the contemporary
poetry class of Prof. Carl E. Burk-
lund of the engineering English de-
partment in the North Lounge of the
Union His subjects for the three
class meetings, which will be open to
all students interested, are, respec-
tively: "Poetry as Play; Play with
Purpose," "The Native Scene: Roots
and Skyscrapers" and "What Makes
Obscurity-and What Unmakes it."
In order to make informal con-
tacts with students and faculty men,
Mr. Untermeyer will attend special
coffee hours at 4 p.m. each Tuesday
and Thursday during his stay here.
He will attend a Ruthven tea at 4
p.m. Wednesday and at 8 p.m. Thurs-
day in the Graduate School Auditori-
um he will speak on "Poetry as a
Function-And How It Works" be-
fore a student audience. Further
activities will be scheduled by Mr.
Untermeyer after his arrival here and
will be announced in The Daily.
23 In Engineering
School Get All-A's
Twenty-three students of the Col-
lege of Engineering received an all
"A" record last semester. They are:
Eugene H. Beach, '41, Martin Blum-
berg, '39, David G. Cushing, '40,
Charles E. Dart, '39, Frank J. Feeley,
'40, Allen F. Gilliard, '42, Richard F.
Grogan, '39, George H. Hanson, '39,
Blaine B. Kuist, '40, Herbert L.
Misch, '40, Donald S. Peck, '39, Har-
old R. Pryor, '39, Bernard Shacter,
'40, George H. Sherman, '41, Weston
E. Smith, '40, Vaino J. Vehko, '40,
Donald J. Vink, '39, George W. Wees-
ner, '41, Donald R. Whitney, '42,
Walter R. Wilson, '40, John H. Wurs-
ter, '39, Robert S. Young, '39, and
Paul Zuris, '39.

Track TI
Hoytmen Heavy Favorites.
After Dominating Four
Events In Trial Heats
Gedeon To Defend
High Hurdles Title
By DICK SIERK
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO
FIELD HOUSE, March 10.-(Special
to The Daily)-Michigan's track
power asserted itself again tonight
and the Wolverines qualified nine
men in the first night's competition
in the 60 yard dash, 70 yard high
hurdles, quarter and half mile run.
Hopes for an even greater Wolverine
representation were blasted in the
final event of the night as four of the
Hoytmen were eliminated in the
semi-finals of the 440-yard run.
Wisconsin, touted as the chief
threat to Michigan domination,
placed five men in tomorrow night's
events as did Indiana and Iowa. Ohio
State qualified four, followed by
Minnesota with three, and Illinois,
Purdue, Chicago, and Northwestern
with two each.
Faulkner Qualifies
The lone Michigan qualifier in a
series of rough 440-qualifiers was
Ross Faulkner, who placed second in
the last semi-final heat. Jack Hulde-
man of Ohio State was second and
McCowan of Illinois was third in this
heat. The first heat was won by de-
fending Champion Carl Teufel of
Iowa in 50.2.
Harley Howell of Ohio State fa-
vored to dethrone Teufel, placed sec-
ond in the first heat and qualified
after a peculiar ruling placed him in
the semi-finals. Howells and Phil
Balyeat collided and both went down
on the last turn of the first qualifier
and neither finished. Referee W. J.
Monilaw ruled, however, that both
Howells and Balyeat should be allowed
to run in the semi-final heat. Howells
qualified as a result but Balyeat along
with teammates Doug Hayes, Warren
Breidenbach and Jack Leutritz failed
to finish among the first three.
Howells Spiked
Howells was spiked in two places
on his heel in the early evening spill
but it didn't seem to affect his run-
ning in the semi-finals and he is
expected to be in shape to run the
quarter tomorrow night as well as
anchor the Buckeye relay.
Michigan will have an excellent
chance to dethrone the Ohio State
relay team, however, as Hoyt's team,
with the single exception of Faulkner,
will be fresh.
One of the favorites to cop a title
fell by the wayside in the 60 yard
dash as Bob Lewis of Ohio State
(Continued on Page 3)
Independents
Launch Drive
Congress Explains Plan
To Improve Contacts

Shatters Big Ten Marks

WALT TOMSKI
Gophers Lead
In Conference
Wrestling Meet
Only Two Michigan Men,
Nichols Brothers, Place
For Final Bouts Today
By BUD BENJAMIN
CHICAGO, March 11 (Special to
The Daily)--Michigan's chances of
retaining the Western Conference
wrestling title appeared as slim to-
night as this year's war debt pay-j
ment.
From Coach Cliff Keen down the
line, the Wolverines frankly admit-
ted that their titular aspiration had
been relegated to the realm of math-
ematics and Indiana's mighty mat-
men all but clinched the 1939 crown/
in the preliminary.
The Hoosiers qualifed finalists in
six of the eight weight divisions to
lead the field by a wide margin.
Michigan's only entries in tomor-
row afternoon's finals round will be
these two Cresco (IA) Crushers, Bro-
thers Harold and Don Nichols.
While second and third place points
combined with defeats to the Hoos-
iers' final contestants might con-
ceiveably squeeze Michigan into a
title, there seemed little likelihood
that any squad could cope with Coach
Billy Thorn's powerhouses.
Michigan, undefeatedin six du\'
meets during the season met a series
of bad breaks and heartbreaking de-
feats which put Tom Weidig, Jimr.
Mericka, Bill Combs, Frank Morgan,
and Forrest Butch Jordan out of
championship consideration during
(Continued on Page 3)

earn Places Nine

Tomski Heads Wolverihe
Assault Smashing 50
And 100 Yard Marks
Easy Victory Seen
In FinalsTonight
By MEL FINEBERG
LAFAYETTE, Ind., March 10.-
(Special to The Daily)-Five Big
Ten records fell here last night as
Michigan gave every indication of
turning the Western Conference meet
nto a rout. The Wolverines quali-
ied 17 men in the individual meets
and the medley relay team while the
free style team automatically entered
tonight's finals.
Defending Big Ten champions Ohio
State, who expected to turn the meet
into a dual affair with the Wolverines,
fell far in the wake of an inspired
Michigan squad. Four of the marks
which fell were shattered by the men
of Matt Mann with tie fifth, the
medley, being broken by Ohio.
Tomski Opens Scoring
Walt Tomski opened the record
smashing in the first race of the
meet, the 50 yard free style in the
afternoon. Tomski went the distance
in 23.1 to break Ed Kirar's year old
mark by .2 seconds. In the evening's
semi-finals Michigan's sensational
sophomore, Charlie Barker, Tomski
both swam 23.2, one tenth of a second
faster than the former record.
Tomiski continued on his record-
breaking splurge in the 100. He again
bettered a year old mark of Kirar's
by turning in a 52.6 in his heat. One
of the biggest surprises of an event-
ful evening came in the second heat
of the century with Michigan's Bill
Holmes nosing out favored Billy
Quayle of Ohio. The time, 54 flat,
was much slower than Quayle can do.
Quayle almost failed to qualify as he
placed fifth out of six qualifiers select-
ed on a time basis.
Barker Wins Upset
The most surprismng upset of the.
evening came when Barker upset his
two time conqueror, Harold Stanhope
of Ohio and made the victory even
sweeter by breaking the 150 yard back
stroke record in the process. Barker
was off in front and was never head-
ed. His time 1:38.1 broke Danny
Zehin's of Northwestern and Bill Neun-
zig's of Ohio mark by .8 seconds.
His sophomore teammate, Bill
Beebe, almost knocked that one off
the books by breaking the old record
himself in the next heat. His time,
however, was 1:38.5.
Capt. Tom Haynie was not to be
left out of the festivities. He cracked
his own 220 free style mark by two
tenths of a second, turning in a 2:13.6.
The three Michigan men entered
(Continued on Page 3)
Briton To Talk
On Cooperatives
Professor P. S. Florence
Will SpeakThursday
A former member of the Fabian
Society, Prof. P. Sargant Florence
of the University of Birmingham,
England, will deliver a University
lecture on "The British Cooperative
Movement" at 4:15 p.m. Thursday,
March 16, in the Graduate School
Auditorium.
Professor Florence, who was born
in the United States but received his
education at Rugby and Cambridge,
has done much work in studies of
industrial fatigue, both in British and
American factories. He served as chief
investigator at the close of the war
for the United'States Public Health
Service's research on fatigue in rela-
tion to hours of work. His statistical
studies of factory data with reference
to industrial fatigue for the British
Association for the Advancement of

Science and for his doctor's thesis at
Columbia attracted wide attention.
Theosophist Head
Will Speak Today
John A. Toren. president of the

New Co-Op Excells Average
Campus Room, Members Say

A drive to "improve contacts" be-
tween Congress and independent stu-
ients -was launched this week when
Robert May, Congress secretary, an-
nounced a plan to include an elected
president from each rooming house in
the District organization of Con-
gress.
The president of each house will
act as a direct link between the men
in his house and the president of his
particular district. His duty will be
to determine the interests, problems
and needs of each student and trans-
mit them to the District president in
order that Congress may plan its
activities with the actual welfare
of the individual in mind.
He will also inform the men in
his house of the activities of Congress
and encourage participation.

l
L
i
i
a
1
3

A ital Student
Relations Fete
Held-In Detr'ot
Faculty men and campus leaders
attended the 10th annual Student
Relations Dinner sponsored by the
University of Michigan Club of De-
troit last night at the University
Club, Detroit.
Paul Brickley, '39, president of the
Union; Robert W. Hartwell, '39BAd.,
president of Congress: Ralph I. Heik-
kinen, '39, president of the "M" Club;
David G. Laing, '39, editor of the
Michiganensian; Frederick W. Lueb-
ke, '39E, president of the Men's Coun-
cil; Clarence R. Kresin, '39, of the
Student Religious Association, and
Robert Mitchell, '39BAd., managing

By JACK CANAVAN
Living in the new Congress Co-
operative House is a far cry from
the average rooming house, a visit'
to the new experiment in group liv-
ing will testify.
If the enthusiasm of its members
means anything, the "experiment" is
paying handsome dividends in fel-
lowship and living standards at mini-
mum costs.
Eating and talking with the men,

Doug Tracy, 140E, and House Man-_
ager Bill Rockwell, '418.
1. That no friction or shirking has
cropped up among the membership.
2. That officers are elected and
policy determined by democratic
principles, each member having one
vote.
3. That many of the men have
added extra pounds since the enter-
prise was launched a month ago. The
house not only serves three ample
meals (with seconds) daily, but also

'Our Boy Barney' Wins
'Fiver' In Radio Quiz
Norman Abbott "Barney" Schorr,

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