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January 06, 1938 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1938-01-06

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The Weather
Increasing cloudiness and con-
tinued cold today and tomor-
row.

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Editoriak
Fascism
FordRumania...
MudPyes.
On monooly...

VOL.LVIII. No. 73 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JAN. 6, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

NLRB Denies
Ford's Retrial
As He Pledges
FightTo End
Company Brands Findings
Of Board Unsupported;
Court Appeal Now Set
Refuses To Comply
With Board Orders
ST.LOUIS, Jan. 5.-P)-In an
amended answer to charges of
unfair labor practices filed with
the National Labor Relations
Board, the' Ford Motor Co., in-
dicated late today its willingness
to reemploy 210 of the 278 union
workmen alleged to have been
discriminated against when pro-
duction at the St. Louis assembly
plant warrants.
DETROIT, Jan. 5.-(/P)-The Ford
Motor Co., assailing findings of the
National Labor Relations Board as
"unjustified by the facts and unsup-
ported by the evidence," announced
tonight it would not comply with
certain orders of the board which
held it guilty of violating the National
Labor Relations Act.
The company's statement, in the
form of a reply to the Board's order
that it "cease and desist" from cer-
tain practices, reinstate 29 discharged
employes and post notices of com-
pliance in its Dearborn and Highland
Park plants, was issued immediately
after the petition for rehearing of the
NLRB complaint was denied in Wash-
ington by the Board.
NLRB officials said they would ask
a Federal Circuit Court of Appeals
for an order to enforce the Board's
ruling, but that they were undecided
when or where the action would be
instituted,
In seeking a rehearing, the Ford Co.
contended the NLRB had not con-
sidered a number of relevant factors,
-including the General Motors and'
Chrysler sit-down strikes-in making
its decision.
The firm maintained also that the
Board had based its finding on tes-1
timony that was partl~y hearsay andI
that the company had been given no
opportunity to examine the NLRB
examiner's report to the Board.
The Ford response, signed by P. E.{
Martin, company vice-president,
clears the way for the NLRB to seek'
an enforcement order in a Federal
Circuit Court of Appeals,
Today's reply was made to the
NLRB regional office in accordance
With the order which directed that it
be advised within ten days from the
date of issuance of the NLRB order
Dec. 24. The reply was delayed be-
cause the petition for rehearing on
the original complaint was pending
until today.
The Ford reply stated that the com-
pany "has not in the past been guilty
of any violations of the provisions ofy
the national labor relations act, and
that in making said paragraphs of its
order the board exceeded both its
constitutional and its statutory au-
thority."
Pucksters Face
'Titular' Clash
Witlhout James
Michigan T ech Plays First
Of 2-Game Series 4Toda
And The Other Saturday

The first of two mythical titles
which Michigan's hbckey team goes
after each year comes up for con-
tention tonight when the Varsity
meets Michigan College of Mining
and Technology for the State puck
crown at the Coliseum at 8 p.m. The
clash is the first of two to be played
here, the other is Saturday.
Michigan, the defending champion,
may go into the battle without the
services of its star left winger, Gib
James, unless an ankle injury which
began bothering him about a week
ago and which last night proved al-
most too troublesome to skate on
eases up.
Doran Back
If James does not play then his
place will be taken by either Evvie
Doran or Les Hillberg, center and
wing on the second line. Doran,
just recently returned to the sextet,
has been out the last two games with
a broken bone in the hand. Hillberg
is the more probable choice for the'
4iiTnmao fi rinf nl vince

Trudy' Bennett
Eyed Marriage
2 Months Ago
Gertrude Bennett Hughes, 17-year-
old daughter of Ford's personnel di-
rector, who caused a nation-wide
sensation Tuesday until it was dis-
covered that her "kidnapping" was
really an elopment, discussed the

RUSSELL HUGHES

Possibility of an Indiana marriage
with her husband-to-be as long ago
as November, the Daily learned yes-
terday.
Late yesterday the couple's where-
abouts had not yet been discovered,
although it was believed they were
running short of money. An early
return was expected after Harry
Bennett cast off his "stern father"
ole to announce "Trudy is still my
baby and she is welcome home." "I
will do nothing to interfere with the
marriage and will help them estab-
lish a home," he declared.
Revelation that the newlyweds dis-
cussed Indiana marriages, showing
an especial interest in Angola, came
from Mrs. Otto Koch, aunt of the
21-year-old drummer-boy husband,
at whose home the couple met "many
times."
"We were under the impression
thcy were going to get married," Mrs.
Koch said. "When I heard the news
I had a hunch they were married."
The couple seemed "to have let the
idea" of marriage "pass," according
to Mrs. Koch, after their November
discussion. Hughes, she believes, de-
sired to finish his course at Ypsilanti
Normal College where both he and
his runaway wife were freshmen.
Reports printed in a Detroit news-
paper that Mrs. Koch had said the
,ouple planned the elopement at her
home last week were false, she said.
The groom "liked the Bennett
family real well" and married an
"awful nice kid," Mrs. Koch believes.
'But I wish the kids would come
back!"
Sifngers' Challenge
-argBoyle Beauties'
Only Claim To Fame
AS fanr ns Gin rarna is nnrrnp di, h

Model Senate
Sets March 4
ForP.R.Vote
Candidates' PetitionsD ue
Feb. 21-25; Plans For
Election Are Announced
Senate Will Express
CampusOpinions
A campus-wide P. R. election to
choose senators for the proposed Stu-
dent Model Senate will be held Fri-
day, March 4, the arrangements com-
mittee of the executive council decid-
ed yesterday.
The Student Model Senate was con-
ceived by several campusleaders and
the original plans were sketched by
interested faculty members to con-
solidate and express campus opin-
ion on national and international af-
fairs.
Petitions of candidacy, signed by
five students, must be presented at
the Student Senate office in Lane
Hall from 4 to 6 p.m. February 21
to 25, or handed personally to Mar-
tin B. Dworkis, '40, chairman of the
executive council or to Richard
M. Scammon, Grad., director of the
election. Ann Vicary, '40, is chairman
of the committee.
Scammon yesterday announced the
plan of election which will be as fol-
lows: Thirty-two members of the
Senate will be elected from the Uni-
versity at large with every student
eligible to be a candidate, and all
students eligible to vote.
"The election will be held under the
'P. R.' system," he said, "in which
students vote by choice, indicating the
first choice for senator by figure 1,
second choice by figure 2, and so
on."
To be elected, a student must have
a quota, which is determined by di-
viding the total number of votes cast
by the total number of senators to be
elected, that is, 32. "Thus," said
Scammon, "if 1,600 students vote, any
student receiving 50 first choice votes.
would be declared elected.
"After election of any students re-
ceiving more than 50 first choice votes
the candidate with the smallest num-
ber of first choice votes will be de-
clared defeated and his ballots are
transferred to the second choice
thereon, being added to the latter's
(Continued ol Page 8)
Stevedores Charge
Lockou t In Seattle
SEATTLE, Jan. 5.-iA') -A dead-
locked dispute between employers
and longshoremen today stopped all
cargo activity on deep sea, coastal
and Alaska ships in the port of
Seattle, third largest on the Pacific
coast.
The ticup developed as the local
employers' group charged the union
with violating its woking agreement
and severed relations with the worker
organization at noon after failing to
receive a reply to an ultimatum.
While 500 longshoremen left their
jobs on seven large ships in port,
union leaders charged the move was
a lockout and the operators were not

Wins S1('nL to Race

Congressman Lister Hill decisive-
ly defeated former Senator Thomas
Heflin in a race for the United
States Senate seat made vacant by
the elevation of Hugo Black to the
Supreme Court.
Inequality's End
SeenICountry
Plans Economy
Theologian Sees Business
Usurping Duties; Urges'
The Bloodless Way Out
America needs a planned economy,
and the ownership of corporations
should be put in the hands of con-
sumers, Charles C. Webber of the
Union Theological Seminary said yes-
terday, speaking in the League.
"This can be done constitutionally
and without bloodshed," Mr. Webber
stated, urging that University stu-
dents take a arge part in the move-
ment.
A student and teacher of Christian
ethics for ten years, Mr. Webber
pointed out that the primary pur-
pose of the American corporation is
not to produce goods for the con-
sumer nor to provide living wages for
the worker, but to work for the profit
cf the stockholders.
"Corporations today have powers
more akin to government than in-
dividuals," he declared.
Using Jesus' parable of the Day of
Judgment as a basis for part of his
talk, Mr. Webber stressed that the
hungry are not fed well in America,
that the men and women of Amer-
ic'a are not being adequately clothed,
that the housing conditions are poor,
that wages are very low and that the
death rate of the poor from major
disease is twice that of those better
off.
"We have industrial slavery on the
part of workers for many great cor-
porations," he said.
Mr. Webber urged that those who
are believers in any religion pro-
nounce judgment against unnecessary
poverty, unemployment and class
struggle. "There must be a greater
proportion of purchasing power, and
a lesser proportion of dividends from
corporations," he stated.
He pointed out that farmers should
be helped to organize into unions, as
well as laborers.
3 Jews Killed
AsArabSnipers
Peril Holy City

Budget Slash
Puts Deficit
At ABillion
But Increase Is Possible
x In Relief Appropriations
And Naval Construction
Congress' Opinion
Divided Over Cuts
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5.-()-
President Roosevelt sent to Congress
today a budget calling for a $539,-
000,000 cut in government spending
next fiscal year, but estimated that
nevertheless there would be a billion-
dollar deficit.
At the same time he gave notice
that because of two grave uncertain-
ties-foreign troubles and the relief
needs of the unemployed-the deficit
may be even greater.
Congress received the message with
mixed comment, some saying that
there should be greater cuts in spend-
ing, as others objected to some
recommended cuts.
Chairman O'Connor (Dem.-N.Y.)
of the House Rules committee said
he regretted "very much to see this
irreducible minimum of a require-
ment of about $7,000,000,000" for
Federal expenses,
Mr.aRoosevelt's estimate of total
expenditures was $6,869,000,000, com-
pared with estimated expenditures
for this year, closing next June 30, of
$7,408,000,000. He estimated reve-
nues for 1939 would be $5,919,000,000
compared with an estimate of $6,279,-
000,000 for this year.
At almost the same time his rues-
sage was being read to the Senate
and House, the President began a
conference with high naval officials
and legislative leaders on a message
he proposesito sendsCongress, ask-
ing supplemental naval appropria-
tions.
Those attending the conference
hinted afterwards that the President
had in mind scrapping the present
Vinson-Trammell naval bill, based on
the Washington and London Naval
treaties, and asking a far larger navy
than Congress now has authorized.
Forsythe Urges
.A Talking Way
To Longer Life
Using the theme that it is better
to stay well than get well Dr. Warren
E. Forsythe, director of the Univer-
sity Health Service strongly advocat-
ed yearly "health conferences" for
upperclassmen.
The health conference, an inter-
view between doctor and student, in
which the student's past record is
used as a guide, is not a physical ex-
amination. Rather, it is a general
discussion which may lead to a spe-
cific examination. It is an oppor-
tunity for the student, in an informal
talk with his medical adviser, not
only to discover if he needs specific
tests or treatments, but also to in-
quire about confidential health
problems which may disturb him. It
is an opportunity for the adviser to
note change in the students physical
condition from year to year, or to
check any incipient ailment.
Dr. Forsythe further stated that
an attempt in 1919 to make upper-
class health examinations compulsory
failed after four years because of
student apathy. "The health con-
ference however is finding favor with
the students, and is recommended

strongly for seniors, most strongly
for the senior women," Dr. Forsythe
said.
SCHOOL CHILDREN STRIKE
DETROIT, Jan. 8.-(P)-Twenty-
two children living in the vicinity of
Joy and Telegraph Roads have been
on strike since Monday,

Sutherland Retires;
liberals' Will Rule
Court Unhampered

Dean Bates Sees
Justice Sutherland
As Misunderstood
By JACK DAVIS
Commenting on the resignation of
AssociateI Justice George Sutherland
who was graduated from the Univer-
sity Law School, Dean Henry M. Bates
of the Law School yesterday said he
was "a remarkably able and bril-
liant lawyer who was misundestood
and misinterpreted throughout his
career on the bench."
Declaring that while his philosophy,
one of economic and political indi-
vidualism had frequently been pil-
loried by opponents especially during
the present administration, Dean
Bates said Justice Sutherland also
had a "deep and abiding regard for
the liberties of the people as embodied
in the constitution."
"It is impossible to praise him too
highly. His last decision handed
down a few days ago was a brilliant
piece of work. On the bench lic has
been conscientious and loyal to his
principles."
When contacted last night Prof.-
Emeritus E. C. Goddard of the Law
School said that the resignation would
undoubtedly strengthen Roosevelt's
position by allowing him to consoli-
date a liberal majority in the high
court. In many respects Professor
Goddard said, Jusice Sutherland has
been misunderstood but Roosevelt has
gained an advantage, from his view-
point, in the resignation of one of
the consistently conservative mem-
bers of the Supreme Court.
ASU Renounces
Oxford Oath As
Peace Guaranty
Vassar Convention Adopts
Collective Security Plan
Instead;_Boycotts Japan
The American Student Union, by
a four to one vote, renounced the
Oxford Pledge which it adopted last
year as a means of keeping the na-
tion out of war and substituted a
plea foi collective security at its third
national convention at Vassar college
duing the Christmas vacation.
Proposed by a society of Oxford
University about two years ago, the
Oxford Pledge required those who
took it to keep out of any war for
"King or country" under all cir-
cumstances.
"We urge American leadership in
naming aggressors, employing em-
bargoes against aggressors and organ-
izing these efforts through interna-
tional collaboration," the newly
adopted ASU resolution states. Repeal
or modification of the Neutrality Act
to discriminate between aggressor and
attacked is also urged.
Independent popular action is ad-
vocated such as boycott of Japanese
goods, assisting of trade unions in
preventing the manufacture and
transport of war materials to fascist
nations and aiding the Chinese and
Spanish people
"We oppose. . . the Sheppard-Hill
bill which would impose a war-time
(Continued on Page 3
FORMER U. COACH DIES
BOSTON, Jan. 5.-(/P)-Funeral
services for Dr. Frank J. Sexton, 66,
one-time University baseball coach
who died at his home here yesterday,
will be held Friday at St. Aidan's
Church, Brookline. Three of his
four Michigan teams won the Big
Ten championship.

Balance Of Power Ended
As Possibility Arises Of
Reversal In AAA Case
Bratton, Reed And
Minton Considered
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5.-(P)--As-
sociate Justice George Sutherland
announced his retirement from the
Supreme Court today, giving Presi-
dent Roosevelt a long-awaited op-
portunity to increase the court's
"liberal" faction to a dependable ma-
j ority.
Four of the remainingrlembers-
Stone, Brandeis, Cardozo and Black
-habitually have espoused a liberal
interpretation of the Constitution,
tending to confer wide powers on the
Federal government.
Now, one more follower of that
school is expected to be appointed by
the President, who has engaged in
repeated battles with the Court about
the way in which the Constitution
should be interpreted. This appoint-
ment would give the libpral group five
of the Court's nine members.
Aside from these five, Chief Jus-
tice Hughes and Associate Justice
Roberts occasionally have supported
the "liberal" side and thus held a
balance of power, which, as Wash-
ington sees it, will end with the new
appointment.
Of course the new alignment would
not reverse the Court's historic de-
cision outlawing the NRA as un-
constitutional, a verdict which
touched off the long administration
battle against the courts. The vote
in that case was unanimous.
But it would reverse the decision
by which the AAA was invalidated,
to Mr. Roosevelt's expressed annoy-
ance. That decision was six to three.
Among the six were Associate Justice
Van Devanter, who retired last spring
and was replaced by Justice BlaQ4,
and Sutherland.
Washington was abuzz tonight
with speculation as to who would be
appointed. Several names stood out.
These were Solicitor General Stan-
ley Reed, Senator Sherman Minton
of Indiana and former Senator'{Sam
G. Bratton, now a julge of the Tenth
Circuit Court of Appeals. These
three were known to have been
among thosekunder consideration
when Black was appointed last year.
Other names mentioned included
Robert H. Jackson, assistant attorney
general; Felix Frankfurter and James
M. Landis of the Harvard Law
School; Senator Robert F. Wagner,
New York and Ferdinand Pecora, a
judge of the New York State Supreme
Court.
Boycott Buttons
On Sale Today

.

naexrs u xof C s cufo-anliving up to contractual obligations,
University of California "Pelican" can

have its old female staff-they're all
ringers anyway.
That's the sternly philosophic at-
titude editor . George S. Quick, '38,
takes about the picture Life maga-
zine printed last week in answer to
the challenge which accompanied
the recently published picture of the
Michigan publication's feminine staff
in the same magazine. The Pelican
probably brought in its girls from
Hollywood, Quick suspects.
Just to prove his staff is best, Quick
points to the fan mail which still
arrives daily.

Senior Picture Deadii '
Is Extentded To Friday
Seniors who hav.e neglected to do
so may still have their pictures tak-
en for the Michiganensian before
Friday, Irving Matthews, '38, busi-

Progressive Club
Ban AgainstJap

Urges
Silks

mess manager, announced. -The for-
mer deadline had been set for Fridy JERUSALEMJan.5.-(A )-Mys-
Dec. 17. * JRSLM a.5-P-y-
Photos may be taken at Dey's terious snipers killed three persons
to's or Spedding's studios. today, drawing a ring of terror around
Rentschler'so~Sedn ssuis eua1m
No pictures will be accepted afterJ.
Friday. A total of five shootings occurredi
___ in the city's suburbs.3

Schools Fear To Teach Ideals
Of Democracy, Educator Sa
Democracy is not taught in our lose their jobs if they taught<
schools, declares Dr. Mowat G. Fraser thing as radical as "equal, maxi
of the education school, in a recent opportunity for all."
article of the school's bulletin. More intelligence is necessary
The word "democracy" or "demo- the job today, and the democ
cratic" is emphasized in the first three ideal must be encouraged rather1
of the nine "Goals of Public Educa- the mere teaching of childre
tion in Michigan" adopted by the examine both sides of the ques
Michigan Educational Planning Com- He believes that the essentials o
mission in 1934 and democracy is the ucating for democracy are not c
leading goal, says Dr. Fraser, but ly understood by teachers and toi
methods of attaining the democratic edy the situation suggests these
ideal finds no place in our schools. goals:
"Not a single American textbook in "That every American school
the social studies," he asserts, "gives cuss at length, as interestedly as
any emphasis whatever to the need sible, and with every pupil ca

ys
any-
mum
y for
cratic
than
'n to I
stion.
f ed-
lear-
rem-
two
dis- #
Spos-
Lpable :

A wiry sharpshooter climbed a pole
in an outlying suburb and picked off
a Jewish laborer with a rifle shot.
Two other persons were killed in a
fusillade fired on two Jewish buses.
A privateautomobile and a group of
quarry workers also were fired on.
British troops, attempting to stamp
out Arab-Jewish terrorism, were re-
ported yesterday to have killed three
Arabs in a-battle near the north Pal-
estine frontier.
A British military court sentenced
a Transjordan Bedouin to death for
possession of a quantity of ammuni-
tion.
Complainant Drops
Slater Accuisations

Haber To Aid Senate Committee
In Questioning Of GM Executive)

Buttons urging an anti-Japanese
boycott will be sold from 8 a.m. to
4 p.m. today near the Union, at the
corner of East and South University
Avenues., and the corner of N. Uni-
versity Ave. and State Street by mem-
bers of the Progressive Club.
The buttons, which read "'Boycott
to Stop Japanese Aggression," will
be sold to raise funds for medical
aid to China and to popularize the
idea of a boycott against Japanese
goods.
The sponsors of the local cam-
paign are urging a boycott against
Japanese silk in particular; 93 per
cent of the raw silk used in this
country, they point out, is made in
Japan.
One Killed, Another
Is Injured In Crash
One man was dead and another in
critical condition today as the result
of an accident in Washtenaw county
yesterday in which a driver crashed
head-on into a truck.
State police are holding William
Grosuch, 37 years old, Brooklyn,
Mich., driver of the car, in county
jail here for drunk driving and in-
vestigation of negligent homicide,
Groseh wa sniniured -in the acci.

As the Senate Committee on Unem-
ployment Relief prepared to quiz Wil-
liam S. Knudsen, president of Gen-
eral Motors, on unemployment prob-
lems, Prof. William Haber of the eco-
nomics department and consulting
expert on relief problems, left for
Washington yesterday to take part in
the hearings.
Knudsen is being asked to testify
as part of an attempt by Sen. Byrne's
committee to discover the extent and

proposal to divert $40,000,000 state
unemployment relief fund, Professor
Haber said that in general any such
proposal would be unfortunate. He
declined to make any statement di-
rectly on Sen. Brake's proposal de-
claring he was not sufficiently famil-
iar with it.
Unemployment insurance, he said,
should not be confused with ordinary
relief. One is temporary, the other

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