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October 27, 1937 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1937-10-27

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The Weather
Considerable cloudiness, con-a
tinued cool today; tomorrow be-
coming unsettled. Warmer.

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Editorials
Benito Coeur de Lion...
A Cheer For Fortune...

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VOL. XLVMT. No. 27

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, OCT. 27, 1937

PRIC FIV UME3

M Vu.. a.a 111 acv. n..
Y

CIO's Terms
Look Too Stiff,
For Amnesty
PactWith AFL
Not Known Whether Peace
Demands Laid Down By
Lewis Forces Are Final
Federation To Make
Counter Proposal
WASHINGTON, Oct. 26.-()-The
CIO laid down its peace terms to the
AFL today, asking such a broad grant
of power over the American labor
movement that rejection appeared in-
evitable.
Whether its demands constituted
an ultimatum, or merely asking price,
remained for future negotiations to
develop. Growing tension between
the two groups was obvious, but a de-
termination to work out a mutually
acceptable formula was equally ap-
parent.
Tomorrow the Federation will make
a counter-proposition. Then will
come the real test, whether each side
is willing to make such concessions as
will end the guerrilla warfare that
has disrupted the labor movement for
nearly two years.
Ask Three Demands
The CIO asked three grants:'
(1) That the Federation adopt a
basic policy that workers in mass pro-
duction, marine, public utilities, serv-
ice and basic fabricating industries
be organized on an industrial basis.
(2) That the CIO shall become a
new -and completely autonomous de-
partment of the Federation, with a
constitution of its own and sole juris-
diction over the workers enumerated
above.
(3) That a convention attended by
representatives of all American Fed-
eration of Labor and Committee for
Industrial Organization unions be
called soon to ratify such an agree-
ment and adopt regulations "to guar-
antee the fulfillment of the program."
A CIO official, Lee Pressman, ,gen-
eral counsel,. Irarlly told reporters
that a settlement on such a basis
would probably give the CIO control
of the Federation.
"This seems to us to be a case where
we would control the Federation by
sheer strength of numbers," he said.
"They're proposing that the Fed-
eration be taken into the CIO," said
a prominent AFL man.
Short Session Held
While yesterday the conferees held
two sessions, morning and afternoon,
today there was only one and it was
short. It recessed soon after Philip
Murray of the United Mine Workers
had read the CIO stipulations.
The first to emerge from the Wil-
lard Hotel suite in which the confer-
ences are taking place was gangling
Joseph Curran, hardboiled leader of
the Maritime Union and a former
fo'c'sle hand.
"How did Harrison like it?" he was
asked. (George Harrison of the Rail-
way Clerks is chief AFL spokesman.)
"He's still quivering," Curran re-
plied.
"Are you going to meet again this
afternoon?"
"No, 'we recessed until tomorrow
morning. You can't expect people to
come out of a dead faint and go right
on negotiating."

Cast Your Vote Today
The Commander-in-Chief of the United States Army, Navy,
and Air Force is in a dilemma.
Four hundred million Chinese people, frantic as they watch
their country slowly but surely falling into the hands of the Japanese
invaders, turn beseeching eyes toward him. The democratic nations
of Europe, desperate as they watch the increasing arrogance and
military power of the fascist dictatorships, use every available means
to enlist his co-operation in some concerted action to fight the
menace of fascism.
And in the United States, the American people, mightily disil-
lusioned once in a costly effort to preserve democracy, want peace.
What should he do? What action should this country, today
the hope of the world, take in one of the gravest crises in the history
of mankind?
It is a baffling problem. And the answer cannot come from
Franklin D. Roosevelt. It must come from American citizenry.
Every intelligent American must contribute to the solution. The two
pressing problems are to waken Americans to the urgency of the
situation and to discover what is their will.
To aid in reaching these ends, the Student Religious Association
and The Michigan Daily today and tomorrow are sponsoring a
campus-wide poll on the principal issues involved. Because the
University of Michigan is an institution representative of important
segment of national opinion, and because it is hoped that other
schools will follow suit with peace polls of their own, the Student
Religious Association and the Daily join in urging every student
to cast a vote.
Behind The Scenes At The Daily,
Or Censorship Of The Purl Stitch

Russia Stands
AloneInParley
On Civil War
Heated Committee Session
Refers Spanish Strife To
Isolation Governments
Friday Set As Date
For Next Meeting

Chinese Begin
Retreat From
Chapei Section
Japanese Forces Capture
North Station At Dawn
After Prolonged Battling
Defenders Retiring
In Careful Order

Opens Concert Series

'I= - - - is

Plan To Make
WarAndPeace
Survey Here In
Two-Day Poll
6 Voting Places Listed;
Kirby Page Will Give
Results Of Poll Thursday
Faculty, Students
Asked To Take Part

Wherein Readers Learn
About Copy, Reporters,
Knitting And Things
By ROBERT PERLMAN
Reader, you who take The Michigan
Daily for granted as you butter your
morning's toast, do you know the
story behind the news and feature
material that appear on this page?
Perhaps we can get a glimpse at
the inner workings of the Daily by
following a "local story" of the type
that fills most of these columns.
Let us assume that the University
Knitting Association held a4 lecture
meeting yesterday at the League at
which Prof. John Q. Doe condemned
the prevalence of the purl stitch in
modern society.
The city editor, knowing in advance
when the Knitting Association will
meet, directs Reporter Jones by means,
of his daily assignment sheet to cover
the meeting.. .Jones .goes at the ap-.:
pointed time to the League and sits
through the meeting taking copious
notes. He then runs back to the Stu-
dent Publications Building, rushes to
the nearest typewriter and begins to
fashion his story, being scrupulously
careful to put the most important ma-
terial into his "lead," the opening
paragraph or two.
Reporter Jones hands the com-
pleted story to N.E. (night editor)
Smith, who sits in the "slot" of the
horseshoe-like desk in the Publica-
tions Building. N.E. Smith reads the
story, cuts out the superfluous fact
that Professor Doe's wife is visiting a
second cousin in Lansing and removes
the last two paragraphs. He then
counts the number of typewritten
lines, 10 in this case, divides by four
to get the number of column inches{
the articles will occupy in the page
and writes 2% inches in the manu-
script.
Having decided that the Spanish
crisis is more important than Pro-

fessor Doe's statement. N.E. Smith'
writes "No. 6" on the story, which
indicates the number of the headline
the story will carry. Smith hands the
manuscript to Head-writer White.
Head-writer White puffs deeply on
his cigarette and writes 10 or 15 heads
before he gets two lines, each con-
taining no more than 17 letters and
spaces nor less than 15, that ade-
quately summarize the story's con-
tents. White types out and hands
back to N.E. Smith the story plus
head, which might read:
Purl Stitch Flayed
Smith sends head and story via a
(Continued on Page 2)
Inspection Of
Eating Places
To Be Started,
Ann Arbor restaurants will be re-
quired to maintain a minimum score
of 70 points under the new sanitary
code developed by the health deaart-
ment, Franklin Fiske, city sanitarian,
announced yesterday.
The new plan, under which inspec-
tions will begin within the week, will
divide the inspection into four sec-
tions; kitchen, general features, din-
ing rooms and storage rooms.
Kitch A sanitation bulks largest in
the scheme, a total of 49 points being
awarded under this classification. Of
the remaining heads 14 points are
given for storage room, 15 for general
features and 22 for dining room sani-
tation. Specific items are listed under
each head and a total of 100 will be
awarded to restaurants meeting them
perfectly. It is expected Fiske said,
that the first scores will be low.
Kitchen inspection will cover
soundness and cleanliness of walls
and partitions, ventilation and dish
washing facilities including the sup-
ply of water available at 180 degrees
Fahrenheit, a temperature sufficient
to insure the destruction of bacteria.

LONDON, Oct. 26.- (P) -Soviet
Russia faced possible diplomatic iso-
lation in the 27-nation noninterven-k
tion committee tonight after a heat-f
ed meeting which decided again tot
refer the whole Spanish problem toJ
the governments backing war-isola-t
tion efforts.
Belligerent rights for the contend-v
ing Spanish factions and unanimity1
in granting those rights were still theE
chief causes of the committee's dead-r
lock despite minor concessions byt
both the Russian and Italian repre-t
sentatives.
The next committee session was setc
for Friday.t
Only one major, barrier wast
hurdled-agreement on establishing
commissions to determine the num-c
ber of foreign volunteers fighting
on each side in Spain.1
Another barrier, "token" withdraw-
als of volunteers as evidence of goodt
faith, was sidestepped.
On one of the rare occasions in theE
committee's checkered history Italyt
and Russia seemed to be in agree-
ment on one point-refusal to accept
in advance whatever findings areE
made by the commission determining+
the number of volunteers.
All powers except Russia have1
agreed to grant belligerent rights to
the Valencia and Salamanca regimesi
when "substantial progress has been+
made" in withdrawing volunteers.
They also have recorded their "open-
mindedness" on whether rights must+
be accorded unanimously.+
Soviet Ambassador Ivan Maisky,:
apparently sensing an attempt to iso-
late Russia and carry on without her
consent on the unanimity issue, de-
clared that unanimity was a vital
principal of international law and
that it must be fdllowed.
Lord Plymouth was empowered to
prepare details of and membership of
the Spanish volunteer commissions
for presentation at Friday's meeting.
Members Of Co-op
May Still Cast Votes
Members of the Wolverine eating
co-op who did not attend last night's
meeting in Natural Science Audito-
rium, at which it was unanimously
voted to dissolve the old organization
and incorporate, will be given ballots
at 'the cooperative today to vote on
the same resolutions.
Four other resolutions supporting
the action taken during the summer
by board members will be consideredj
by the membership today.
The corporation, Michigan Student
Wolverine Cooperative, Inc., pledges,
according to the resolutions to as-
sume the liabilities of the old Wol-
verine Association and to admit active
members enrolled in the present or-
ganization which occupies the build-
ing at 209 S. State.

SHANGHAI, Oct. 27.-(Wednes- I
day) - UOP) --Chinese defenders of
Shanghai began a general retreat ____ a.
from war-shattered Chapei at dawn SERGEI RACHMANINOFF
today, unable longer to withstand the
Japanese military steamroller along
the entire battle-line near Shanghai. aeh naniioff
Japanese naval units fought their
way into the bitterly-contested North r
Station in the haze of dawn and at
6:15 a.m. the Rising Sun flag was
raised above the shell-pocked station . Tonight
that withstood two months of the i lt- - -
heaviest pounding.
British and American sentries on Program To Commence At
duty nearby at thepInternational Set- ga
tlement board heard vicious Japanese 8:30; Choral Union Is
bugles blare as the red-and-white Tradition Of 59 Years
banner fluttered over the captured!_____
objective.
Japan's forces also occupied the* Sergei Rachmianinoff, distinguished
Kiangwan racecourse, justunorthtof Russian pianist, will inaugurate this
Shanghai, another long-fought sec- season's Choral Union Concert Series
tor of the north Shanghai front. } at 8:30 p.m. today in Hill Auditorium.
On the north bank of Soochow Choral Union concerts are a tradi-
Creek winding through the Interna- tion of 59 years standing at Michigan.
tional Settlement opposite United Each year the Union's sponsor, the

States marines and other foreign
guards, Chinese soldiers were plainly
seen hastily evacuating their Chapei
dugouts and joining the straggling
columns of Chinese troops that fell
back before the Japanese advance.
Behind them they left acres of ruins
in the native city that they have
defended for more than two months.
The backbone of the Chinese troops
were retreating in good order, well
organized unit by unit, most of them
escaping the Japanese enveloping
movement, and were expected to re-
organize defenses quickly on the creek
banks.
The majority of Chinese troops
withdrew under cover of darkness, but
spirited rearguard action was going
,on at the bottle-neck railway junc-
tion of the Shanghai-Nanking and
Shanghai-Hangchow lines which pro-
vided the only outlet for the Chinese
west of Chapei.
A dozen Japanese plaines bombed
and machine-gunned the retreating
Chinese attempting to cut off any
remnants remaining in the Chapei

and Kiangwai areas.
American marines along Soochow
Creek just south of Chapei reported
that no Chinese had attempted to
cross the creek to the safety of the
International Settlement.
Japs Bomb British Post
SHANGHAI, Oct. 27.--(Wednes-,
day)-(j')-British authorities today
reported a Japanese plane opened
fire with its machine guns on British
outposts in the vicinity of Jessfield
Park.
British troops guarding borders of
Shanghai's International Settlement
returned the fire with machine guns.
Troops who witnessed the incident
said that from the manner in which
the Japanese plane flew away they
believed it had been hit.

REVISED PROGRAM1
FOR TONIGHT
"Weeping, Plaints, Sorrows,
Fears"....................Liszt
(Prelude after J. Bach).1
Italian Concerto .......... Bach 3
Allegro moderato1
Andante
Presto.
Impromptu, Nocturne, Ma-
zurka, Scherzo ......... Chopin
Intermission
Suite Bergamasque ..... Debussy
Prelude
Menuet
Clair de Lune
Passepied
Etude in E-flat minor..... . .
..... ..Rachmaninoff
Voices of the Woods,
Dance of the Gnomes ...... Liszt
School of Music, has attempted to
bring to Ann Arbor the cream of the
contemporary music world, at prices
within the range of every student.
It is not alone as a piano virtuoso
that Mr. Rachmaninoff is famed. A
(Continued on Page 6)
5,000 !]oAttend
Second Annual
Vars ity Show
More than 5,000 students and
townspeople attending the University
Band's second annual Varsity Night
last night in Hill Auditorium learned
from Dr. Homer Stryker, of the
University Hospital, first prize nov-
elty-act winner, about Wolverine lines
-in the parlor and on the football
field.
Dr. Stryker, taking the parts al-
ternately of an "M" man and his date,
won the applause of the audience and
a $25 award. Second prize of $15 in
the humorous division went to David
Gibson and his puppet show.
In the first classification of the
1 more serious works, the $25 prize was
awarded to a Euphoniam trio made
up of Donald Marrs, '40SM; Frank
Manacl'etti, '41; and Paul Bryan, '41.
David ?iunden in a marimba solo
walked off with second honors and
$15.
J. Fred Lawton, '11, co-author of
"Varsity," acted as the "congenial
drum major" for the occasion.
High spot in the program was the
band itself. Besides playing several
classical pieces, the musicians pre-
sented several novelties, such as the
"Whistler and His Dog." To close
the program, Mr. Lawton lead the
band in "Varsity," his own song.
Prof. William D. Revelli, of the
School of Music, director of the band
and of Varsity Night, announced at
the close of the program that he and
the band hope to make Varsity Night
an annual Michigan tradition.

By ALBERT P. MAYIO
Michigan's own Institute of Public
)pinion will swing into action today
nd tomorrow when students and
aculty members make their senti-
nents on war and peace articulate in
he peace poll being taken by the Stu-
lent Religious 'Association and tlte
daily.
Students may vote between 9 a.m.
and 5 p.m. today and between 9 a.m.
and 1:30 p.m. tomorrow in Angell
[all Lobby, the West Engineering
Building, theLaw Club, the Union
Lobby, the League Lobby and the
General Library.
Page To Announce Results
Kirby Page, author and worker for
peace, will announce the final results
of the campus vote at 8 p.m. Thurs-
day in Natural Science Auditorium
where he is scheduled to speak on
"The World Situation-Some Reli-
gious Implications." The Daily will
print the results of today's poll to-
morrow.
Plans for the faculty vote have
been changed so that tabulations of
the ballots will be expedited. Faculty
members will receive their ballots at
the regular polling places rather than
receive them in their mail boxes as
was announced in yesterday's Daily.
Students must present identifica-
tion cards at the polling places.
In a similar poll conducted recent-
ly on a smaller scale, 680 out of 864
Princeton freshmen and sophomores
called war an unnecessary evil, 319
voted for a complete hands-off policy
in the Orient, and 314 wished an ec-
onomic boycott with other countries.
Few Favor Neutrality Act
One hundred twenty out of the 864
voted for application of the Neutrali-
ty Act and severance of commercial
relations with both nations, while 98
favored military sanctions in co-
operation with other powers.
Six hundred eighty three of the
voters did not consider fighting for
the Spanish Loyalists fighting for
democracy and democratic govern-
ment, while 519 thought that the
United States should build a strong
army and navy to keep out of war as
against 327 who opposed a large arm-
ament program.
Two hundred seventy seven favored
the American Legion's bill for Univer-
sal conscription, opposed by 563.
Grange Master
Scores Unions
And Sales Tax
Bramble Delivers Annual
Message To Convention
Of Michigan's Members
ALPENA, Oct. 26.-(AP)--C. H
Bramble, master of the Michigan
State Grange, demanded a Ctate
income tax and a higher Federal in-
come tax and flung a challenge at
labor unions in his annual message
today to the yearly convention of the
Grange.
The convention applauded when
Bramble, reading his message, de-
manded that labor unions "eliminate
irresponsible and radical leadership"
and called for State and Federal leg-
islation compelling labor unions to
incorporate.
This, he said, would make them
financially responsible, and eliminate
"uncalled-for strikes" such as those
he said developed last winter after
collective bargaining agreements had
been signed by employes. Labor
unions have resisted strenuously in
the past the suggestion that they in-
corporate.
The master blasted at Michigan's 3
per cent sales tax, calling it a levy on
the poor man's dinner pail.

He contended that 70 per cent of
the sales tax is paid by persons hay-
ing incomes of $1,200 a year or less.
Workers' Responsibility

Schacht Quits

.I

Horner Will Speak
On Future Of Labor

F GeranyHs Remer And Stanton Discuss Japanese
Fin ance Head
mar Schacht announced informally# A
today his resignation as minister of 1_-_-_-__

,1

"Where is American Labor Going"
will be the subject of a talk by Rob-
ert Horner of the economic depart-
ment, at a meeting of the Progressive
Club, 8 p.m. tomorrow in the Union.
Reports will be given by the Se-
curity Committee and the Committee
against War and Fascism, and plans
will be drawn up for a membership
drive.
Joe Lash, administrative secretary
of the American Student Union, will
be guest speaker at the club on Nov.
8. Plans for this meeting will also
be discussed tomorrow.
Stocks Suffer Slht
Downward Break
NEW YORK, Oct. 26.-UP)-Wide
swings in today's stock market result-
ed in a slackening of momentum and I
a general downturn of leaders at the
close.
While losses, on the whole, ranged
from fractions to 2 points, there were

economics had been accepted byi atcpt
Reichsfuehrer AdolfHitler, but Nazi Nipponese May Participatel
officials staunchly denied any deci- In Brussels Conference'
sion concerning him had been U.S.S.R. Absent
reached. WithU.SR.A sn
Dr. Schacht told a group of guests
at a farewell party to Douglas Jen- By JACK DAVIS
kins, American consul general who is Dominating the Far Eastern sit-'
leaving shortly for London, that he uation at present is the problem of
considered himself discharged from whether or not Japan will be coaxed
his duties in the ministry, or bullied into taking the paths of
The announcemem came after for- peace opening out of the Nine-Power
eign correspondents had tried for conference, Prof. C. F. Remer of the
hours to run down rumors of his economics department pointed out
resignation only to be assured by all yesterday.
official press sources that the whole Recent events seem to indicate
story was "quatsch," meaning there that the Tokyo government will par-
was nothing to it. ticipate in the Brussels conference,
Dr. Schacht's desire to resign also he said.
as president of the Reichsbank was Official statements confirm reports
indicated by his statement that he that Japanese troops in the north are]
would remain in that capacity "for meeting increasing resistance. A link
the present."Iappears probable between the lack of
success in the field and the Jap-
ITlil-d Study Lecture anese request that the parley be post-
ill Be Given Today More important perhaps is that

Represents U.S.

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1

Shanghai Offensive Called
Diversion; North China
Buffers Seen Real Aim
Control of the Amur River, separat-
ing the Japanese from the Russian
sphere of influence in North China, is
the historical object of Japanese en-
croachments on the Asiatic continent
and of the present war in the Orient,
Dr. John W. Stanton of the history
department said in an interview yes-
terday.
"Japan's attempts to gain a foot-
hold in the mainland may be traced
back as far as 1,800 years ago," he
said, "but in modern times Japan's
concern with the conquest of China
dates from the Korean expedition of
the last decade of the 16th century.
At that time the unexpectedly stiff re-
sistance of the Koreans forced the
withdrawal of the Japanese. Later,
during the entire period of seclusion
from the outside world, Japan evinced
little interest in the mainland. But in
the middle of the 19th century, when
Janan was onened again by Com-

i
l
i

Daily's 'Quick' Work
Locates Gag Author
"Yes," said George Quick, '38, Gar-
goyle editor, "it pays to advertise in
the Daily."
Aftearthis cnonceion- Pnt n n +t

The third in the series of "How To
Study" lectures, sponsored by the Or-!

Russia is not one of the Washington
Pact signatories aid will not be pres-
ent. Italy's participation on the other

I

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