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March 03, 1938 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-03-03

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The Weather
Cloudy and colder today with
rain or snow probable.

Y

A6F A6P

jIat&1

Editorials
Welcome To
Thomas Mann..
Will France
Hold Fast?...

VOL. XLVIII. No. 108 ANN ARBOR, MICHiGAN, THURSDAY, MARCH 3, 1938

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Board To Get
Report Today
On Magazine
Committee Recommends
Four Issues Annually;
Opinion To Be Barred
To Avoid Techncal
A :ndTrivialEays
The Board in Control of Student
Publications will consider tonight a
report on the personnel and organiza-
tion of a new campus literary maga-
zine, submitted by its sub-committee.
Chosen by the Board Jan .28, the
committee of three English Journal
Club members-Giovanni Giovaninni,
Morris Greenhut and Charles Peake
-and Edward Magdol, '39, former
Daily junior editor, recommended
that the periodical, as yet unnamed,
make its aim to print the best ma-
terial availaible from all colleges and
schools, that it appear at least four
times yearly and that, in format and
type of book review, it follow the
model set by the defunct Contem-
porary.
The periodical, it was advised, should
include the publication of ' poetry,
critical book reviews, fiction-includ-
ing short stories, short plays and self-
sufficient parts of longer narrative
works-and essays in literary crit-
icism, essays dealing with problems
of campus interest and of broad
general import.
"It is suggested," the report says,
"that the policy for the selection of'
essays be one of avoiding those of a
highly specialized interest suggesting
a technical journal and those of an
ephemeral interest suggesting a news
magazine."
The committee was given a frame1
within which to work when the Board
laid down guiding principles on policy
and circulation. Thus, the Board
(Continued on Page 6)
East Presents '
Illustrated Talk
On Adventures

D.S.R. Strike Fears
AllayedBy Court
DETROIT, March 2.-- ()- An-
nouncement that the State Supreme
court would hear a dispute over sys-
tem-wide seniority among employes
-f the Detroit Street Railways Thurs-
day morning partially allayed fears
tonight of a strike that would tie
ip the city's mass transportation fa-
Aities.
The announcement came from Tho-
mas Chawke, attorney for the Amal-
gamated Association of Street Elec-
rical Railway and Motor Coach Em-
ployes ,and Clarence E. Page, assist-
ant corporation counsel.
Prior to learning that the Supreme
Court would hear the case almost
mmediately, Chawke termed the sit-
uation "dangerous."
British-Italian
Affairs Lecture
SubjectToday
Carr, English Professor,
Reviews Current Crisis
In Mediterranean Area
In what promises to be one of the
most popular University lecturesof
the year, Prof. E. H. Carr of the
University College of Wales, Abery-
stwyth, and former member of the
British Foreign Service, will discuss
"Great Britain, Italy and the Mediter-
ranean," at 4:15 p.m. today in the
Natural Science Auditorium.I
Professor Carr became a member
of the British Foreign Office in Lon-
don in 1916 and subsequently held
the posts of Third Secretary in 1922
and First Secretary from 1930 until
his resignation in 1936 to go to Abery-
stwyth. During that time he was at-
tached to the British delegation at
the Peace Conference in 1919 and
temporary secretary at the British
Embassy at Paris for the Conference
of Ambassadors in 1920.
He became Second Secretary of the
Legaton at Riga in 1925'and in 1929
was made assistant adviser on League
of Nations affairs of the Foreign Of-
fice. He is a graduate of the Mer-
chant Taykur's School, London, and
of Trinity College, Cambridge.
Professor Carr's long service in the
British Foreign Service has given him

International
(By The Associated Press)
MOSCOW-Twenty defendants
in Russia's greatest treason trial
yesterday pleaded guilty to charges,
including plotting to dismember
the Soviet Union, restore capital-
ism and murder Russian leaders.
Nicholas Krestinsky, twenty-first
defendant and former ambassador
to Berlin, repudiated his confession
of guilt and called his co-defen-
,dants "liars." Leon Trotsky, exiled
by Stalin, was named as one of the
inspirers of the plotting.
Retiring United States Ambas-
sador Joseph E. Davis was among
the diplomatic corps who, with for-
eign newspapermen, heard a
lengthy indictment of the defen-
dants read before the Military
Collegium of the Supreme Court.
Among those accused in the plot-
ting, which the indictment traced
back in part 20 years when Trotsky
was still in power, is Nicholai Bu-
charin, former editor of Izvestia,
government paper.
LONDON - Britain indicated
yesterday that the world arms
race would force her to add to the
$7,500,000,000 earmarked last year
for a five-year armament pro-
gram. Government reports esti-
mated the 1938-39 defense expen-
ditues would be $341,250,000 more
than those of the current fiscal
year. Expenditures for the air
armada alone for next ytar were
estimated at $557,510,000, an in-
crease of $115,000,000.
A Government white paper, or
official report, made clear that
the actual cost of the five-year
I arms plan would depend largely
upon the success of Prime Min-
ister Chamberlain's "efforts to
achieve some appeasement in in-
ternational affairs."
BERLIN-Rev. Martin Niemoel-
ler was given a seven-month sen-
tence for volating a pulpit law dat-
ing back to the time of Bismarck;
the Church announced that he was3
in secret police custody althoughI
the court ruled that he had al-
ready served more than seven
months.
GRAZ, AUSTRIA-Minister of
the Interior Arthur Seysz-Inquart
imposed stern orders on Stylria's
turbulent Nazis to maintain dis-
cipline and said that he did not
believe there would be a Nazil
march on Vienna.,
(Further International News on
Page 6.)
173 Withdraw
From College
In Marks Purge
Literary School Puts 600
On Probation; Totals
Normal For Semester
Scholastic fatalities removed 173
students in the literary college last
semester and 600 went on probation,
according to statistics released yes-
terday by the office of the assistant
dean of the College of Literature,
Science, and Arts.
Of the 173 forced to withdraw from
tim University, 70 were immediately
reinstated and put on special proba-
tion for this semester. They will have
a second and last chance to bring up
their averages to University require-
ments.
The 600 on probation include stu-
dents whose work in either degree or
general programs is below a "C" aver-
age. These consist of students still
on probation, those going on for the
first time under general require-
ments and those going on after rein-
statement or other special probation.
About 85 are below the 60-hour, 60-

honor-point requirement for the
sophomore year.
If the grades of these students fall
even lower this semester, they may
be asked to withdraw; if they im-
prove, they will either be taken off
probation or given permission to con-
tinue their probation period. All ac-
tion is taken by the Administrative
Board of the College and each case
decided individually.
In addition to the students required
to withdraw at the end of the se-
mester, there were 30 put on the
"N.T.R." list. They were notified not
to register for this semester without
special permission of the board, but
are students whose records are in-
complete due to illness or other ex-
traordinary circumstance. Such ac-
tion of the Board is to make certain
of the ability of the students to con-
tinue their work.
The figures for last semester rep-
resent the normal average trend for
that time, both for withdrawals and
probations.

Ohio Thrashes
To 461w38 Win
Over Mermen
Buckeye Swimmers Beat
For A Second Victory
Before Home Crowd
Kirar,Haynie Snag
Two Firsts Apiece
By DAVID ZEITLIN
Ohio State's powerful swim team
lived up to expectations in the Intra-
mural pool yesterday afternoon before
an overflow crowd of rabid fans, and
captured its second sucessive victory
over Michigan's Big Ten and Na-
tional Collegiate champions. The 46
to 38 loss delivered the Wolverines
was the first defeat a Michigan team
has suffered at home in nine years.
Captain Ed Kirar and "Tireless
Tom" Haynie contributed 11 points
apiece to the Michigan total, Kirar
winning the 50 and 100-yard races,
and Haynie breezing home on top in
the 220 and 440-yard events. Ohio
put together five firsts, including two
relay victories, five seconds, and two
thirds to capture the meet, but was
forced to woin the last event, the 400-
yard free-style relay, before it had the
affair in the bag.
Haynie Beats Johnson
The visiting 400-yard free-style re-
lay quartet of Sabol, Johnson, Quayle,
and Neunzig bettered Michigan's Con-
ference mark 'of 3:35.6 while taking,
the event by a one-yard margin. Kirar
bettered the only other mark sur-
passed during the afternoon as he
sped to his 100-yard free-style first
in :52.5, 4 tenths of a second faster
than the Conference mark held by
Charles Flachman of Illinois, and a
half second better than his own I-M
pool record.
Coach Matt Mann's Michigan forces
were hapless in the back and breast-
stroke races in which Buckeye nat-
ators finished one-two.
in the opening event of the pro-
gram the Buckeye medley relay trio
of Neunzig, McKee, and Quayle taxed'
itself only enough to nose out the
Wolverine representatives. The time
for the event was 3:03.1, far below the!
team's known capabilities.
Visitors Better Marks
Things began to happen ii an ac-c
commodating manner for the Wolver-t
ine cause after the first event. Tomt
Haynie beat out Buckeye Bob John-
son in the 220-yard race and Ed Hut-
chens captured the important third.X
Ed Kirar and Walt Tomski followed
this race with an eight point con-
tribution gained from first and second_
place in the short sprint. Tomski
was the first to heed the bark of
the gun and had a yard advantage
in the first lap of the race. But the
"Moose" came plowing down the last
few yards to win by the narrowest
of margins.
Michigan's sophomore diving duo
of Hal Benham and Jack Wolin pro-
vided the major upset of the after-
noon as they outscored Ohio's highly
(Continued on Page 3)t
Steffey To Give Talk
On Housing Aid Todaye
A detailed explanation of practicalc
applications of the National Housingt
Act will be presented by Harry M.i
Steffey, field representative and staff
evaluator of the Detroit insuring officex
of the Federal Housing Administra-
tion, before the University extension
course in building at 8:15 p.m. today
in Room 231 Angell Hall.
Everyone planning to buy a house,
build a house or refinance present
mortgages is invited to learn of the

opportunities for long term loans and
mortgages under the Federal act. The
talk will include an explanation of
the 1938 amendments and the meth-
ods by which the Federal government
will insure mortgages.1
International Lai

Washington
(By The Associated Press)
THE LA FOLLETTE CIVIL
LIBERTIES COMMITTEE pro-
duced evidence yesterday to show
that the National Association of
Manufacturers had actively pro-
moted the formation of "company
unions."
Officialsand former officialsrof
the organization seated in a row
before the committee testified that
activities in behalf of "employee
representation" plans had been
undertaken since 1919, and that
with the coming of NRA, a $7,000
fund was raised to facilitate the
program.
Earlier in the day, committee in-
vestigators drew protests from
Manufacturers Association repre-
sentatives by declaring that 207
top-ranking contributors to the
association had purchased 60 per
cent of all the tear gas sold to in-
dustry for "labor warfare" in 1933-
37.
(By The Associated Press)
HIOUSE LEADERS, expecting
stubborn resistance to any form of
"gag rule," decided yesterday to
throw the tax revision bill open
to amendments from the floor.
That will permit advocates of
outright repeal of the undistribut-
ed profits and capital gains levies
to put the House on record on
these taxes.
Reporting the bill to the House,
where debate will begin tomorrow,
the committee Democrats said it
ought to provide "a very substan-
tial stimulation to business."
ADMINISTRATION LEADERS
IN THE HOUSE talked yesterday
of sidetracking wage-hour legis-
lation for this session.
At the same time, members who
usually reflect President Roose-
velt's wishe ssaid the chief execu-
tive still believed a "wage-hour
bill" should be enacted before ad-
journment.
(Further Washington News
on Page 6.)
A nti-M~achinery
Laws NATTo Help ,
Haber Contends
Some form of protection and se-
curity for those who are displaced by
the introduction of machines, rather
than a legislative restriction on their
use, was advocated yesterday by Prof.
William Haber of the economics de-
partment in his address to the second
Ann Arbor Social Service Seminar.
The second Seminar, composed of
Professor Haber left yesterday
afternoon for Washington.eD.C.y

World Figure Here

THOMAS MANN
Students View
Crime Problem
I n Ann Arbor
Cheap Magazines, Movies
And Parole Ae Seen As
Causes Of Condition
The problems of crime, juvenile de-
linquency, recreation and unemploy-
ment were forcibly presented to 12
students yesterday afternoon in the
courst of the Student Religious As-
sociation's first reconciliation trip
through the part of Ann Arbor that
lies beyond the Pretzel Bell.
A trip to the Washtenaw County
Jail sufficed to show that crime in
Ann Arbor constitutes a serious prob-
lem. Detective magazines and cheap
motion pictures are direct causes of
crime, one of the deputy sheriffs told
the group. Another cause, he assert-
ed, is lack of proper parole facilities.
In Ann Arbor one parole officer is
supposed to have charge of about 200
boys.
Juvenile delinquency is closely re-
lated to crime, Judge Pray of the Juv-
enile Court informed the group, add-
ing that approximately 90 per cent of
all criminals begin their careers as de-
linquent children. Delinquency in
Ann Arbor last year was greater than
it has been in thirteen years, the
Judge said. Gangster films, beer gar-
dens, undesirable home environment
and economic problems are partially
(Continued on Page 2)
Business Chiefs
Headline Parley
On Job Choice

Thomas Mann,
Famed Writer,
Speaks Today
On Democracy
Nobel Prize Winner's Talk
On Democracy Attracts
large Student Interests
Venture Modeled
On Contemporary
Thomas Mann, acclaimed as the
most distinguished contemporary man
of letters, will make his first appear-
ance in Ann Arbor to lecture at 8:15
p.m. today in Hill Auditorium. He
will speak on "The Coming Victory
of Democracy."
Dr. Mann will be introduced by
President Ruthven. He is expected
to address a capacity house in what
will be the outstanding event of this
year's Oratorical Association lecture
course. Tickets are still available,
the business office reported last night.
Dr. Mann is at present living in
exile from Nazi Germany, where he
has been deprived of his property
and citizenship. He is confident,
however, that his exile will not be
of permanent duration. He still con-
siders himself a German, although
he has lived in Switzerland almost
from the beginning bf the Hitler dic-
tatorship and travels with a Czecho-
slovakian passport.
Born In 1875
Thomas Mann was born in Luebeck
in 1875 of a marriage between one of
the town's outstanding citizens and
the daughter of a German planter
at Rio de Janiero. He was the sec-
ond of five children, the oldest of
whom was his brother Heinrich, also
a novelist of distinction. Thomas was
a poor student, his artistic instinct
rebelling against the Prussian state-
discipline of the nineteenth century
German schools. He helped publish
a school literary magazine to which
he contributed his earliest work, in-
cluding a number of poems one of
which was reprinted in a Leipzig
monthly.
At 19, following his father's death
four years earlier, he entered an in-
surance office, but loathing the dull
routine of a business career, he spent
his nights writing, completing a novel
which was published in serial form.
The poet Richard Dehmel became ac-
quainted with the young author and
encouraged him to drop his business
attachment and enter a university.
A short time later his brother Hein-
rich invited him to visit him at Rome,
where the elder Mann was studying
painting. The year he spent there
was a crucial one in his life, for it
persuaded him to devote himself ex-
clusively to his writing.
Wrote Short Stories
He wrote a number of short stories
at this time, and began work on his
great novel "Buddenbrooks." He had
already attracted considerable atten-
tion in Munich by the publication of
"Little Herr Eriedemann," and when
he returned in 1898 with the first
manuscript of "Buddenbrooks," he
was given a position on the staff of a
well-known literary periodical, "Sim-
plicissimus."
"Buddenbrooks" was published at
the end of 1900 with a 1901 imprint.
At first the book sold poorly, but pres-
ently the critical world became aware
of its significance and soon its creator
found himself the famous author of a
classic at 25.
The book was introduced in Amer-
ica on this campus, it is interesting to
find. About this time the young au-
thor began to frequent Munich draw-
(Continued on Page 6)

AFL -CIO Gap
Can Be Closed,
Leaders Agree
A CIO and an AFL representative
debated last night at the Ann Arbor
Community Forum the differences
between the organizations, and the
one distinct difference they agreed
upon was that the AFL is more con-
servative.
Adolph Germer, State Director for
the CIO, and John Reed, Secretary
of the Michigan Federation of Labor,
agreed that the difference between
the two groups "is one that can be
bridged when reason prevails. The
CIO and the AFL will probably have
to merge for the survival of both."
Mr. Germer, in asserting the ad-
vantages of industrial as opposed to
mr.fft iininiarmaan - a cfa 1f t

MaV~e of anadan . first-hand contact with the opera-
Movies Of Canadian Trip tion of British diplomacy and of in-
Show Voyage Of Group' ternational relations and he is con-
nto Noh Cy sidered one of the best-informed men
_____r__o tynow working in that subject in aca-
demic fields. His books include:
Michigan has Eskimo neighbors "Dsoesy' 91"TeRmatc
living within 800 miles of her borders, x"osoevsky," 1931, "The Romantic
Ben astpoplar ournlis, sprts Exiles," 1933, "Karl Mark: A Study in
Ben East, popular journalist, sports- Fanaticism," 1934; "International Re-
man and scientist, said last night in lations Since the Peace Treaties,"
Hill Auditorium at the presentation ltosSnetePaeTete,
of his illustrated lecture on the 1937; and "Michael Bakunin," 1938.
"Land of the Midnight Twilight."
Natives of Michigan need not travel
as far, Mr. East said, to shoot polar ( Churches plan
bear in lower James Bay as they doI
to shoot jack rabbits in Kansas.
Mr. East showed movies of a 21-day Lenten Events,
cruise into the lower Hudson Bay
and James Bay regions of Canada on
a 43-foot trading schooner. The Features To Be Lectures,
venture was sponsored by the Cran- Sermons And Suppers
brook Institute of Science. The voy-I
age took a party of 18 people under Special lectures and sermons, parish,
the leadership of East 400 miles up C suppers and pre-Easter music will be
James Bay into country which the featured by Ann Arbor churches for
speaker described as "the last fron- the Lenten season, which began yes-
tier in the Western Hemisphere." In- terday with Ash Wednesday.
cluded in the party were hunters, The Presbyterian Church will have
tourists and scientists collecting a series of Lenten suppers in the par-
fauna and flora. ish house followed by lectures on the
The flowering season in the James general topic "Moods of the Soul in
Bay region and the summer last only Life and Letters." The suppers begin
two months, East said, and then the at 6 p.m. and the lectures, which will
Cree Indians, native of that country, be delivered by the Rev. W. P. Lemon,
retire to the wilderness of the great will begin at 7 p.m. Mr. Lemon will
Canadian Rivers and live primitively also give a series of talks for students
by trapping, hunting and fishing un- each Friday at 4:30 p.m. All of the
til the next year when they return to Sunday morning sermons for the
the trading post. When summer Lenten season will follow the general
comes in late June, East said, tliy theme, "Moderns and Miracles."
come down the rivers and pitch their St. Mary's Student Catholic Chapel
wigwams at the outskirts of the will hold two daily masses at 7 a.m.
posts for about six weeks, during and at 8 a.m. In addition there are
which time they loaf, hold tribalI two special services weekly. The de-
dances and bartar with the few white votions consist of Novena Services
men at the post. to Our Lady of Perpetual Help and
The only white men in the land, Benediction on Tdesday at 7:30 p.m.
East remarked, arc the missionaries and The Way of the CrosA and Bene-
at the Roman Catholic and Chris- diction Friday at 7:30 p.m.
tian churches, the two Mounties who The Student Fellowship of the Con-
patrol more than 500 square miles of gregational Church will have a series
territory, and the traders who wan- of Lenten lectures, three to be given
der in and out. This is the land which by Prof. Bennett Weaver of the Eng-
Curwood and London clothed with so lish department and two by the Rev.
much glamour, East said, preserved Leonard A. Parr. There will be spe-
intact by its inaccessibility. cial Passion music at the regular Sun-
Dramatic interest in the film day morning services at 10:45.
reaches its height in the shooting of Dr. Charles Brashares of the First
four polar bears, one of which mea- (Continued on Page 2)
(Continued on Page 6)-
!The Golem' Coming
Students And War Topic Here This Week-End
Of Thomas Tomorrow

I

where he will attend a meetirv A conference on Vocational Guid-
of Senator Burns' Committee on ance and Occupational Information
unemployment relief. He will re- sponsored by the University will open
turn Sunday morning. Tuesday, March 8, in the Union, em-*
bracing a series of vocational forums1
30 Ann Arbor women, met at the .pf- conducted by well known leaders of
fices of the Hoover Ball Bearingb
Co. The group later was escorted business and industry.
through the plant. Through the efforts of the Univer-
Many trade unions, Professor Ha- sity Bureau of Appointments and
ber said, have provisions for retard- Occupational Information the serv-
ing the introduction of lavor-saving ices of many men prominent in their
devices. Under the NRA, he point- respective fields have been secured.
ed out, an effort was made to reduce The conferences are to cover student
dislocation from machine introduc- opportunities in fields of business and
tion in the textile industry by requir- industry, and will be held twice daily
ing permission from the code author- March 8-12. The forums will be
ity. open to all students and others in-
Railroad consolidation, which has terested in the various fields to be
been seriously considered for many discussed.
years, Professor Haber said, has been Opening the conference Tuesday
delayed partly because of the labor will be an address by Dr. James S.
displacement which would result. Thomas, president of the Chrysler
Institute of Engineering, on "Present
LIQUOR STORE PICKETED Day Vocational Opportunities," fol-
A lone picket paraded before the lowed by an open forum. During the
fire-gutted building which housed the rest of the week the conference will
state liquor store yesterday protest- cover the following fields: advertis-
ing awarding of the repair contract ing, criminal investigation ,social
to Geo. Walterhouse whom Ann Ar- service, personnel and industrial re-
bor Building and Trades charged re- lations, demonstrations of applicant
fusal to employ union help. interview technique, psychological
tests in employment, practical guid-
ance methods and programs, guid-
w N S f <I ance procedures with individuals,
kJCaI~9gLIaL concluding with a luncheon address
u-i C a m. March 12 on "The Economy of Guid-
e Preuss la sance

Of Peace Toda
International law is now a subject
for "intellectual exercise" rather than
a means for securing peace, Prof. Law-
rence Preuss of the political science
department told graduate students at
their regular luncheon meeting in
the League yesterday.
Idealism far exceeded reality in 1928,
he said, when the signing of the
Kellog-Briand treaty "outlawed" war
as an instrument of national policies
and it was thought that the millenium
had been achieved. Paper agreements
mean little, Professor Preuss pointed
out, unless there is a strong moral

iry

/1

demands a change in the status quo.
The change, because of the static
nature of law, cannot be obtained
legally. The group refuses to give
up its demands and resorts to force.
"War is the substitute for legal
change in the international sphere. If
international law is to be an effective
force in the maintenance of peace,
there must be a peaceful means for al-
tering the status quo." He went on
to say that in the world today pro-
vision for peaceful change seems futile
because it is feared that granting the
ijustifiable demands of the fasist n ...

Bates Opens Talks
On Vocations Today
Dean Henry M. Bates of the Law
School will inaugurate the series of
talks on the professions at 4:15 p.m.
today in Room 1025 Angell Hall. His
address will be an effort to acquaint
prospective law students with the
problems of the profession, and will
be followed by an open forum dis-
cussion. All students interested in law
are urged to attend. ^

Norman Thomas, three-time So-
in+lisd ronr-iatp for nroeident will

"The Golem" starring the famous
French actor. Harry Baur. with a

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