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June 01, 1938 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-06-01

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The Weather
Cloudy today, fresh winds;
not much change in tempera-
tue.

L

1MW iau

4hr

VOL. XLVII. No. 176

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 1, 1938

I _ _ -

U.S. Offers Canada
TreatyTo Develop
St.LawrenceBasin

Elected Captain

^n

Plans To Build A Channel
Giving Liners Access To
Interior Of United States
Seeks To Expand
Water Power Too
WASHINGTON, May 31.-(P)-
The United States offered Canada
tonight a comprehensive" treaty for
the planned development and use of
the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence basin.
The treaty contemplates a 27-foot
channel through which ocean-going
vessels may reach, the heart of both
countries and also a huge hydro-
electric power project.
This government, the State De-
partment announced, "is prepared to
finance the works necessary to carry
sea-borne commerce past the inter-
national rapids and to make possible
power development from these rapids
whenever desired by either country."
Expenses To Be Shared
Previous estimates place the total
cost at $543,429,000, of which the
American share would be $272,453,-
000 (about $225,000,000 of new
money) and the Canadian $270,976,-
000.
The treaty obliges the United
States to proceed with the work at
once but lets Canada postpone her
work until December 31, 1949, when
her power needs are keener.
In effect, the United States agrees
to build and pay for a hydroelectric
dam in the international rapids sec-
tion of the St. Lawrence.
w Canada 'builds a deep waterway
canal around the rapids, but the
United States finances it.
-Secretary of State Hull, in a note
to Canadian Minister Sir Herbert
Marler accompanying , the draft
treaty, said the proposed accord
would
Work On International Rapids
"1. Enable the United States to
go forward immnediately with the in-
ternational rapids section link in the
proposed St. Lawrence deep water-
way and the incidental power devel-
opment;
"2. Defer Canada's responsibility
for completing its share of the wa-
terway for a sufficient time to assure
the readiness of the Ontario power
market to absorb its share of the
power;
"3. Provide for an international
commission to develop plans and ad-
vise the two 'governments in a pro-
gram to promote the most advan-
tageous use of the entire Great
Lakes-St. Lawrence resource;
"4. Assure the immediate under-
taking under the supervision of this
commission of the proposed remedial
works to preserve the scenic beauty
of Niagara Falls;
"5. Permit the province of On-
tario to go forward with its plans
for diversion from the Albany River
basin into the Great Lakes and util-
ize such additional water for power
at Niagara;
"6. M.4ke available considerable
(Oontinued on Page 2
Senate Votes
Relief Funds
$50,000,000 Obtainable
For Emergeney
WASHINGTON, May 31.--()-The
Senate voted today to make $50,000,-
000 of WPA funds available for direct
relief in event of emergency, but re-
jected a proposal by Senator Van-
denberg (Rep., Mich.) that the
amount be increased to $150,000,000.
The emergency cash would be set
aside from the proposed WPA Ap-
propriation of $1,425,000,000 provided
in the $3,000,000,000 Lending-Spend-
ing bill.

Vandenberg said the plight of the
larger industrial cities was a "clear
indication" that more direct relief
would be necessary to supplement the
existing systei.
Inclusion of even $50,000,000, Van-
denberg said, constituted "recognition
that the relief problem may become
too large to be handled by work re-
lief alone."
Senator Byrnes (Dem., S.C.) ob-
jected to Vandenberg's proposal, say-
ing it would be a departure from

'four Klled As
Mexican Police
FightCatholics
MEXICO CITY, May 3.-(AP)-Dis-
patches from Villahermosa. Tabasc
were killed and five wounded in a re-
State, said today that four persons
newal of an old conflict between
Catholics and authorities.
The clash, following several weeks
of dissension, occurred when police
sought to block efforts of Catholics at
Villahermosa to erect a church on
the site of Conception Church, which
was razed along with every other
church in the state in the 10-year
dictatorship of Tomas Garrido Cana-
bal.
Gov. Victor Fernandez Manero said
in a telegram received here that the
"Catholics are in open rebellion." He
charged an attorney, Juan Abascal,
and two priests, Pilar Hidalgo and
Macario Fernandez Aguod, with re-
sponsibility for the ,agitation.
Reports received by Catholics
sources in Mexico City said that ten-
sion continued after the fighting yes-
terday while Tabasco Catholics ap-
pealed to President Lazaro Cardenas
to soften the anti-religious legislation
which Garrido put into effect.
Hopwood-Prize
Winners To Be
NamedToday
W. P. Eaton, Noted Drama
Critic, To Give Lecture
Prior To Presentations
The annual announcement of win-
ners of awards in the Hopwood con-
test will be made today, following the
customary Hopwood lecture, to be de-
livered this year by Walter Prichard
Eaton, well known drama critic. Dr.
Eaton will speak at 4 p.m. in the main
ballroom of 'the League.
Awards are to be made in the fields
of fiction, drama, essay and poetry,
. Hopwood Contestants:
All recipients of awards in the
Hopwood contest will be notified
before 12 noon today.
both in major and minor divisions.
Major awards in the contest have in
the past run from $500 to $2,000, the
amount of the award being at the
\discretion of the judges, and de-
pending on the merit and value of
the work submitted. Two minor
awards of $250 each are usually
made in each of the literary divi-
sions.
Dr. Eaton, at present with the Yale
School of Drama, will continue a line
of distinguished Hopwood lecturers,
represented in the past by such fig-
ures as Christopher Morley, who
spoke here last year and Max East-
man.
The judges of the contest will not
be announced until today's meeting
in the League. In former years they
have included such literary notables
as Robert P. Tristram Coffin, Archi-
bald MacLeish, T. S. Stribling and
Dorothy Parker.
Nazi Church Fight
Reported Near End
BERLIN, May 31.-(P)-Reichs-
,fuehrer Adolf Hitler is reliably re-
ported in Protestant church circles to

be convinced that Nazi opposition to
the church should cease.
There is no official evidence as yet
of any orders to that effect, but the
understanding among prominent
Protestant churchmen is that Hitler
has reached the conclusion extreme
Nazi criticism is not stamping out
the church.
Hitler is pictured as disappointed
that the Nazi so-called "German
Christian" movement did not sweep
the church as he imagined it would.
Now, after a period of holding aloof

WALTER PECKINPAUGH
* * *
Baseball Team
Oitplays Bears
In 8-6 Contest
Peckinpaugh Elected '39
Captain By Teammates;
15 Letterwinners Named
By HERB LEV
Shwing no regard for past records
or reputations, Michigan's Varsity
baseball tean ended its season in im-
pressive fashion by drubbing the'
highly touted California nine, 8-6
yesterday afternoon on Ferry Field.
At a. meeting of the lettermen af-,
ter the game, Walter Peckinpaugh,
third baseman from East Cleveland,
Ohio, was elected captain of the
team for the 1939 season, succeeding
Merle Kremer. At the same time,
Bill Crowe of Grand Rapids was chos-
en next year's manager, with George
McKain of Detroit as alternate. The,
four new junior managers are Jackk
Cooper, Hugh Wagner, Otto Becker,
and John Rane.
Bears' Record Broken
The Golden Bears, champions of#
the Pacific Coast Conference, came
to Ann Arbor with a record of 10
straight victories on their eastern
trip. However all great teams have7
off-days, and California had theirs
yesterday. While the Wolverinesl
clubbed the offerings of California's
star right-hander, Bill Priest, for 11t
hits, his teammates contributedt
greatly to his downfall by commit-
ting eight errors in the field.
Burt 'Bucko' Smith, pitching hisI
last game for Michigan, went the1
distance for the Wolverines and al-
lowed the coast boys seven safeties.r
Only in the fourth inning, when he1
was touched for three runs including
a long home run by Melbin Duza-
beau, was Burt in any deep trouble.
Both Score In First
Both teams started early and,
scored a run apiece in the first in-
hing. The Bears counted on a pair of
walks and a single by Tony Firpo, but
Michigan came back to knot the score
in their half, Don Brewer counting
on Peckinpaugh's mighty triple to
right center.
Elmer Gedeon's single and three
Bear nsplays, gave the Wolverines
(Continued on Page 3)
New 'Ensian Staff
AppointedBy Laing
Appointments for the 1939 Michi-t
ganensian were announced yester-
day by the newly-appointed editor,a
David G. Laing.
They are as follows: Jean Drake,
women's editor; Jack Gelder, schools;
Henry Barnett, athletics; Jane Els-2
pass, women's colleges and schools;C
Gus Dannemiller, organizations; Bet-t
ty Rouse, women's organizations andg
athletics; Lenton Sculthorpe, collegess
and student directory; Bernard Don-t
ahoe, features; Harrison Lowry, fra-
ternities; Jean Tibbits, sororities. x
The appointment of the art and
photography staff will not be madel
until the fall. There will be a meet-
ing of the new Ensian staff at 4 p.m.
Wednesday at the Publications buika-.
ing
NLRB Finds GM S
Violated Labor Act'
INDIANAPOLIS, May 31.-(P)-Aa
National Labor Relations Board Re-P

port here today held the Generall
Motors Corp had violated the Wag-
ner Labor Act by discouraging union,

Men's Council
Picks Luebke,
Plans Reform
Donald F. Zimmerman
Elected Vice-President;
Belden Is New Secretary
Council Votes New
Class Election Plan
Fred Luebke, '39E, of Ann Arbor
was elected president of the Men'
Council at a meeting last night in the
Union. Donald F. Zimmerman
'39F&C, Mishawaka, Ind., and Don
Belden, '39, Royal Oak, were elected
vice-president and secretary, respec-
tively. Hugh Rader, '38, and Bruce
Telfer, '38, are the retiring president
and secretary of the Council.
Immediately following the election,
the Council voted to adopt "a definite
plan to reorganize class elections and
eliminate dirty politics," under which
all but senior class elections would be
abolished.
Luebke, a member of Acacia fra-
ternity, was on the Union executive
council, the Michigras committee and
the Military Ball committee, and was
treasurer of the junior engineering
class.DBelden, a member of Delta
Tau Delta, is recording secretary of
the Union, a member of Michigamua,
Triangles, Phi Eta Sigma and Tau
Beta Pi, and was in dharge of the two
Union open houses and the cheering
sections at the football games last
year. Zimmerman is a member of
Theta Delta Chi.
Ted Grace, '39, Detroit, a member
of Delta Kappa Epsilon, and James
Clark, '39A, Kansas City, Mo., a mem-
ber of Phi Delta Theta, were elected
to the executive committee of the
Council.
Marvin Reider, '39, Detroit, Wes
Warren, '39E, of Kalamazoo, a mem-
ber of Theta -Chi, Joe Bonavito,
'38BAd., New York City and Wallace
Hook, '39, Grand Rapids, a member
of Alpha Delta Phi, were elected to
the Judiciary committee.{
The tentative plan, proposed by the
Council last night, calls for a cam-
pus-wide election of an electoral col-
lege to choose student members of
the Board in Control of Student
Publications, the Board in Control of
Athletics andthe Men's Council,
thus eliminating campus-wide elec-
tions.
"The plan is .necessarily incom-
plete in details at the present time,"
Luebke said, "but the fine points will
be worked out at subsequent meet-
ings of the Council, before it is sub-
mitted for campus and University ap-
proval."
Insurgents Kill
500 In Air Raid
On Granolle rs
British Freighter Is Sunk;
Madrid Hospitals Under
Intensive Rebel Shelling
BARCELONA, May 31.--(P-A
swift and terrible foray by a squad-
ron of tri-motored Insurgent bomb-
ers took a heavy toll of dead and
injured today in the crowded Catalan
town of Granollers, 16 miles north of
Barcelona.
Estimates of the dead ran as high
as 500. There were many wounded.
Almost simultaneous with the

Grannollers bombardment, the Brit-
ish freighter Penthames was bombed
and sunk in an Insurgent air raid
on Valencia harbor and inmates of
three Madrid hospitals were endan-
gered in an intensive Insurgent
shelling of the southwestern part of
that city.
Five tri-motored Insurgent planes
poured a torrent of bombs on the
Granollers market place and on long
lines of men, women and children
waiting to get potato rations.
The raid caught many women out
for morning marketing. At one spot
50 persons were killed, at another,
55. Some 25 buildings were de-
stroyed
Hospital facilities in the town,
whose normal population was swelled
by an influx of refugees from war
areas of Government Spain, were in-
adequate to care for the wounded.
Many injured were sent to Barcelona
and to nearby villages.

New Dealers
Quit Fight For
Reorganizing
Senate, House Committees
Shelve Government Bill;
Big Session Row Ended
Will Reopen Issue
In Next Session
WASHINGTON, May 31.-(1)5-
s With President Roosevelt's consent,
his legislative lieutenants pigeon-
holed a Government reorganization
bill today until the next Congres-
3 sional session.
Chairman Byrnes (Dem., S.C.) and
acting Chairman Warren (Dem.,
N.C.) of the Senate and House Re-
organization Committees said in a
joint statement:
"No further effort will be made to
pass the reorganization bill at this
session."
The announcement, officially
quashing talk of reviving the bill, defi-
nitely ended one of the bitterest rows
of the session, smoothed the way to-
ward adjournment, and confirmed a
major rebuff the Administration suf-
fered last April 8 at the hands of leg-
islators.
Bill Killed
On that date the House, by a vote
of 204 to 196, sent the reorganization
bill back to a special committee. For a
time that was believed to be the end
of the measure, but more recently
there had been reports the con-
troversy would be reopened.
The decision to abandon the leg-
islation for the session was reached
at a morning White House conference
attended by the President, Speaker
Bankhead and Senator Barkley of
Kentucky and Representative Ray-
burn of Texas, the two Democratic
leaders.
Barkley, informed persons said, ad-
vised Mr. Roosevelt that a formal dec-
laration of intentions would help end
dilatory Senate tactics against the
$3,000,000,000 spending-lending, bill
and consequently speed adjournment.
Spending Bill Delayed
Admi istration leaders had ex-
pressed belief that some Senators had
been delaying the $3000,000,000 bill
to make certain there would be .in-
sufficient time this session to revive
the Reorganization measure, which
has many bitter opponents in both
Houses.
Byrnes and Warren projected the
Reorganization problem into the next
Congress as one of its earliest issues.
They said:
"It is our opinion that the Ameri-
can people overwhelmingly desire
some kind of effective reorganization
of our government in the interest of
greater efficiency and practical econ-
omy."
The statement announcing it was
sponsored jointly by Chairman
Byrnes (Dem., S.C.) of the Senate
Reorganization Committee and acting
Chairman Warren (Dem., N.C.) of
the corresponding House group.
They said that Senate Majority
Leader Barkley and House Leader
Rayburn had declared the action has
the "approval of the President."
Search Delayed
For Florida Boy,
Father Defies Death Threat
As He Calls On FBI

PRINCETON, Fla., May 31.-(AP)--
Several hundred persons who had as-
sembled here to search for kidnaped
James Baily Cash, Jr., dispersed to-
night upon request of the Federala
Bureau of Investigation and the par-
ents of the five-year old child.
It was feared a demonstration
would frighten the abductors, who
took the pajama clad-boy from his
father's apartment house on the Mi-
ami-Key West Highway Saturday
Cash reported he paid, early today,
the $10,000 ransom 'demanded.
The crowd was told to be ready at
daybreak if called upon to begin a-
search of the flat surrounding farm-
ing country known as the Redlands.
W. P. Cash, uncle of James, Jr.,
said there was hope of making an-
other contact with the kidnapers to-
night.
Uncover Levine Clues
NEW ROCHELLE, N.Y., May 31.-
(P)-While withholding the exact na-
ture of their discoveries, investigat-
ors indicated tonight that the find-

CASTEL GANDOLFO, May 31.
-0P)-The papal court gathered
in a parish church tonight for a
solemn te deum to render thanks
to God for preserving for another
year the health of Pope Pius XI,
who celebrated his eighty-first
birthday today.
The gathering included most
of the dignitaries who accom-J
panied him here as well as the;
podesta, or mayor, of Castel Gan-
dolfo, the chief of the local cara-
binieri and local Fascist leaders.
The anniversary found him
comparatively healthy. Persons
near him said that he appeared'
( as strong, perhaps stronger, than
he was a year ago.
Japs, Chinese
Claim Victory
Over Hankow
More Than 100 Planes
Clash; Chinese Claim 15
Victims And Japs 20
SHANGHAI, June 1., (Wednesday),
-(P)--Both Chinese and Japanese
claimed victory today in one of the
greatest air battles of the war in
Which more than 100 planes fought
high over Hankow.
A Japanese naval communique de-
clared 30 Japanese planes raided
Generalissimo Chiang Kai - Shek's
capital and shot down 20 Chinese
planes while only one of their own
failed to return.
China's aviation headquarters,
however, declared 54 Japanese planes
attempted to make the raid but were
beaten off with a loss of 1 planes.
Disputing Japanese reports that the
Hankow airfield was heavily bombed,
Chinese declared the Japanese were
prevented from carrying out the raid.
While Japanese planes struck at
Hankow and Canton, ground forces
of both armies apparently were dead-
locked again in the vicinity of Lan-
feng, along the Lunghai railroad in
central China.
Severe fighting was reported among
the mud-walled villages between the
Lunghai and the Yellow River with
Chinese troops still counter-attack-
ing to break the Japanese drive west-
ward toward Hankow.
Chinese pursuit planes, Chiang's
air officials said, knew in advance of
the approach of Japan's air raiders
and hovered hawklike above Hankow
waiting.
When the invaders appeared, they
said, the Chinese planes dove and
scattered the Japanese squadrons,
engaging them in thrilling dogfights,
part of which could be seen from the
city below.
Peirce Appointed
To Hospital Post
Dr. Carleton B. Peirce, professor of
roentgenology in the University medi-
cal school resigned his post yesterday
to become director of the department

New Deal Charge

WASHINGTON, May 31. - The
Supreme Court today directed its
guns at the New Deal when, n ar
unprecedented per urliam opinion,I
reprimanded Solicitor General Rob-
ert H. Jackson and Secretary of Ag-
riculture Wallace for charging that
the tribunal was inconsistent.
The 6 to 1 vote was taken at the
Court's closing session with Justices
Stanley F. Reed and Benjamin N.
Cardozo absent and Justice Hugo L.
Black dissenting but filing no writ-
ten protest.
Challenge Decisions
When the Supreme Court on April
25 voided rates imposed by Secretary
Wallace on Kansas City stockyards
commission men, the secretary of
agriculture challengedthe decision as
a reversal of a 1936 opinion written
by Chief Justice Hughes and warned
him of a new court fight.
The court based its position in the
stockyards case on the claim of
plaintiffs that they had not been
given a fair hearing and that the
agriculture department failed to fife
intermediary reports, It called this
procedure "more than an irregularity
in practice, it is a vital defect."
Wallace, in a series of statements,
said that the procedure condemned
was inherited from the previous ad-
ministration and had been aban-
doned since the stockyards order was
issued.
Jackson said the court ruled two
years ago in the same Kansas City
case that the procedure was of no
significance but now holds that it 1s
"fatally defective.,"
Calls Attack Unwarranted
"We do not here question the pwer
of the, court to reverse its previous
decision if .it considers it to have
been erroneous," the Solicitor Gen-
eral said a week and a half ago. "We
do suggest that the reversal warrants
a rehearing.'
The court called his attack unwar-
ranted and said:
"Not only are the two decisions in-
consistent, but the rule announced in
our former opinion was applied and
was decisive of the present appeal,
and the government is in no position
to claim surprise. The .statement
made in the petition for rehearing
that the present decision is con-
trary to the law of the case as de-
clared in our first opinion is wholly
unwarranted."
Mayor Faces
BribeCharge
Johnstown Head Accused
Of StrikeActivity
JOHNSTOWN, Pa., May 3L (P)-
An information was filed tonight
charging Mayor Daniel J. Shieds of
Johnstown and Councilman Fulton
I. Connor with bribery, extortion and
malfeasance in office in connection
with money paid to them during the
"Little Steel' 'strike here last sum-
mer.
The Mayor was charged with
"knowingly, unlawfully, fraudulently
and extortiously" receiving "certain
fees and rewards" amqunting to $36,-
449.50.
Connor is chairman of the coun-
cil's finance committee.
County detective Carroll said the
charges were filed after an inves-
tigation of testimony at the Na-
tional Labor Board's hearing of the
Bethlehem Steel case here and of the
La Follette Civil Liberties Commit-
tee in Washington.
Witnesses told the labor board the
Bethlehem Steel Company had agreed
to furnish $25,000 to help maintain
law and order in Johnstown during
the strike. Francis C. Martin, chair-
man of the Johnstown's Citizens
Committee was named in the infor-
mation as paying to Shields $32,-
077.50, which witnesses before the

Board stated had come from Bethle-
hem officials.

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