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April 27, 1938 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1938-04-27

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The Weather
Increasing cloudiness, rain in
west and north; tomorrow min
and coier.


Alt igant


The Strike
Against War...
Drops The Pen
For The Sword....




President Gets
Business Offer
Of Assistance;
Tax Bill Set Up
16 Industrialists Pledged
To Help Restore Normal
Commerce Conditions
Cautioned Against
Untried Theories
(By Associated Press)
Both sides of Capitol Hill were en-
gaged in working out troubles with
business yesterday, as Piesident
Roosevelt received an offer of co-
operation from 16 big businessmen,
and a compromise tax-revision bill
was approved by the joint Senate-
House conference committee.
At Detroit, Henry Ford, silent as to
plans, left for the widely heralded
business conference with the Presi-
dent today.
In a joint statement the group of
business leaders, which includes such
men as Owen D. Young, Robert W.
Hanes of the Securities and Ex-
chpnge Commission, Robert H. Cabell
of Armour and Company, Winthrop
W. Aldrich, chairman of the Chase
National Bank, and Frederick H.
Ecker of the Metropolitan Life In-
surance Company, pledged themselves
to cooperation and consultation with
the government in stabilizing busi-
ness conditions.
The statement resolved to "encour-
age the President in every effort he
shall make to restore confidence and
normal business conditions," but de-
clared that "legislation, based upon
untried social and economic theories
should be avoided."
The tax revision bill adopted by the
Congressional conference commit-
tee, and labeled "aid to business," in-
cluded adjustments of several funda-
mental differences between the House
and Senate revenue measures and re-
jected a proposal by Senator Borah
(Rep., Ida.) to make future issues of
Federal securities taxable.
Education Poll
Planned Tday
Survey To Seek Opinions
For Spring Parley
A poll designed to accurately repre-
sent campus opinion on the method
and theory of education will be con-
ducted today by s committee of stu-
dents headed by James Vicary, '38.
Results will be ready for use at the
Spring Parley Saturday and Sunday.
The committee in charge of the
poll is not officially connected with
the Parley, but is undertaking the
project with the view of establishing
a permanent bureau of student opin-
ion here.
Five per cent of the University will
be polled, divided according to schools
and sexes. Results will be analyzed
by University statisticians.
Eight questions are being asked
relative to student-faculty relation-'
ships, opportunities for social life,
attitude toward the Daily and
University courses.
The plan for the poll is taken from
the Daily Texan, publication of the
University of Texas which publishes
student opinion on current topics as

a regular feature.
Agree Aid
For Railroads
Legislators Broach Plan
For Federal Help
WASHINGTON, April 26.-(AP)-
Leaders agreed today upon an emer-
gency legislative program for the
railroads, topped by loans for the
purchase of equipment.
Other major points of a five-point
"minimum program" call for work
loans to roads which agree to replace
employes furloughed since October,
and suspension for one year of a re-
quirement that the Interstate Com-
merce Commission certify that loan-
seeking railroads can be expected to
meet their fixed charges without re-

New Michigan Honors System
Is Worth Cost, Benson Sa


------- -


Is Similar To Harvard's;
Brings Student, Faculty
Into Closer Contact
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first
in a series of four articles dealing with
innovations in American colleges and
universities designed to improve the
higher educational process. The pur-
pose of the series is to provide some
idea of the different avenues of ap-
proach to educational reform which
actually are being followed in principal
institutions in the country, as prepara-
tion for discussion in the Sprin. Par-
ley this Saturday and Sunday)
The Harvard tutorial system from
which Michigan's new honors plan
borrowed several features, though ex-
tremely expensive, is well worth its
cost, Prof. George C. S. Benson of
the department of political science
and formerly head tutor at Lowell
House at Harvard, said yesterday in
an interview.
It has been a definite success, he
said, because it has brought students
and faculty men together in a closer
relationship which has stimulated
scholastic activity and interest and
has tended to develop different grades
of students to the best of their po-
The organization of the system has
two main characteristics: (1) the
house plan; (2) comprehensive ex-
aminations at the end of the senior
year and a thesis.
Under the house plan, sophomores
and upperclassmen are divided up
into houses of memberships ranging
from 225 to 350 students. Each
house is a separate unit similar to the
college unit of Oxford University
+Congreuss Holds
ass Meeting,
Affair Held To Acquaint
Independents With Work
Of MajorOrganization
"Matt Mann's Movies" will be the
feature attraction at the Congress
Mixe for' al'Jindep ndent men to be
held at 7:30 p.m. today in the North
Lounge of the Union.
Michigan's swimming coach, "who
has guided the Wolverine natators
to seven Big Ten and National titles
in the past 10 years, will show his
films of recent meets and will point
out a few interesting sidelights of the
events. In addition to Coach Mann,
the meeting will be addressed by sev-
eral swimming team captains of past
The mixer is the first to be spon-
sored by Congress since the recent
formation of the District Council,
which is composed of the 10 district
presidents. The affair has been
planned to acquaint non-affiliated
men with the work being carried n
by the organizatiop and will also
serve as a social get-together for all
independent men. Refreshments will
be served.
Phil Westbrook, '40, executive sec-
retary of Congress, will address the
group and will report on some of the
activities at the National Indepen-
dents Convention held at the Univer-
sity of Oklahoma last week-end.
Edward Wetter, '39, and George
Gens, '38, are co-chairmen of the

and has its own dining hall, library,
recreation and reception rooms, with
a certain number of tutors propor-
tionate to the size of the membership.
At the end of the freshman year,
the student decides his concentration
field and is assigned to a tutor in that
field for the next three years. As a
sophomore he may meet his tutor
regularly about twice a month, as a
senior once a week, and as a junior
twice or three times a month.
The tutor assigns reading aimed to
supplement the regular course work
of the student in his field of special-
ization and in smaller divisions with-
in that field, and requires regular
critical papers to be written on this
Most of the upperclassmen carry
no more than 12 hours at the most
,(Continued on Page 6)
To open 73rd
Meeting Here
Honors Convocation Will
Be Highlight Event Of
Convention Friday
The 73rd meeting of the Michigan
Schoolmasters' Club will convene here
tomorrow, Friday and Saturday un-
der the auspices of the University.
The ninth annual conference on
teacher-education problems will. be
held at 9:30 a.m. tomorrow. The con-
ference on problems in school and
college cooperation will meet at 2
p.m., preceded by a luncheon at 12:30
p.m. of presidents, deans, principals
and other school apd college officers.
Deans and advisers of women will
meet at 9 a.m. Friday in the League.
At 11 a.m. in Hill Auditorium the
15th annual Honors Convocations
will be held. All classes, except clin-
ics, will be dismissed at 10:45 a.m.
Mrs. Lillian M. Gilbreth of Mont-
clair, N.J., consulting engineer, edu-
cator' and psychologist, will be the
main speaker.
Adopts Constitution
The Graduate Students' Council
composed of representatives elected,
by the 1682 graduate students held
its fourth meeting in the Union last
night., The new constitution pre-
sented by the committee under Don-
ald Reynolds was adopted.
The purpose of the club as ex-
pressed by the constitution is to co-
ordinate the intellectual, educational
and social activities of the graduate
Committee reports were presented
by Robert E. DuBey on the plan for
representation; John H. Gray on the
Rackham Building and outlining a
special tour to be conducted by Dean
Clarence S. Yoakum; and Stuart
Portland on housing.
NEW YORK, April 26.-(4')-Rob-
ert McLean, long a director of th
Associated Press as was his father
before him, became its president

France Hears
Czech Appeal
Before Parley
Nazi Spokesmen Claim
Sudeten German Party
Will Demand Plebiscite
Daladier Opposes
Four-Power Pact
Rejecting Nazi minority demands
as threats against Czech independ-
ence, Czechoslovakia depended on
France to plead her cause to Great
Britain on the eve of a parley be-
tween diplomatc from those countries
who are preparing to study together
fresh reports on the situation, the
Associated Press said last night.
Stefan Osusky, Czech minister to
Paris, presented a memorandum to
the foreign office yesterday before
the departure of Premier Edouard
Daladier and Foreign Minister Geor-
ges Bonnet for talks in London. The
note is said to have contained the
Czech reply to Leader Konrad Hen-
lein's minimum demands for his Su-
deten German Party.
Nazi spokesmen in Berlin mean-
while, predicted that Henlein would
demand early in June that Sudeten
Germans be permitted to vote on
whether they desire to remain a part
of Czechoslovakia or be joined to
Greater Germany.
The demands of the Sudeten Ger-
man Party, coupled with apparent
encouragement from Berlin, made
the fate of the central European de-
mocracy one of the most critical ques-
tions before the -Franco-British par-
France's defensive alliance with
the Praha government makes this
question of vital importance to her,
but Premier Daladier was cold to the
suggestion that a four-power pact be
effected linking Germany with
France, Italy and England to preserve
The ministers apparently pinned
their hopes of solving peacefully the
Czechoslovakian problem on the con-
ciliation of the government and the
Sudeten Germans with the possible
aid to Premier Mussolini's influence
upon Reichsfuehrer Hitler.
Student Senate
To Investigate
Marital Course
Committees Also Named
On Labor Investigation,
Senate's Continuation
A committee to investigate the pos-
sibilities of including a marriage re-
lhtions course in the University cur-
riculum was set up by the Student:
Senate at its meetng last night in
the Union.
Two bther committees were also
set up by the Senate: a labor com-
mittee to investigate labor condi-
tions in Ann Arbor as they concern
the students and a committee of
seven to provide for the continuation
of the Student Senate next year.
The housing committee did not
present its recommendations to the
Senate last night but reported that
it would do so next week, while the
open hearing on sanitation problems
in housing was postponed from May
3 toMay 10. Further reports to be
presented next week are those of

the committees on investigation of
student politics and elections, book
prices, and library conditions.
The "marriage relations" commit-
tee, includes Phil Westbrook, '40,
chairman, Hope Hartwig, '38, and
John O'Hara, '39; the labor commit-
tee personnel is Robert Perlman,
Grad., chairman, Tom Downs, '39,
and Robert Gill, Grad.; members of
the continuation committee are Mar-
tin Dworkis, '40,. chairman, Marvin
Reider, '39, Tom Adams, '40, Norman
Kewley, '40E, and Carl Viehe, '38,
Richard Scammon, Grad., Speaker
of, the Senate, and Sam Weisberg,
'39, clerk, are also to serve on the
continuation committee as non-vot-
ing members.
'Sacrifice For Spain'
To Be Held Today
A drive to raise money to help send


Be Held

Student AnStrike

On Library



4 P. M.


Spartan Nine
Hands Varsity
Fourth Defeat
State's Consistent Attack
And Effective Pitching
Stop Michigan Team
The baseball brand of Michigan
State hustle-an alert ball club that
never let up and always plugged-
handed Michigan's faltering nine
their fourth straight northern defeat
yesterday 9 to 3 behind a booming
15-hit attack and the effective five
hit hurling of sophomore Ray Dahl-
Hopping on three Michigan hurlers
with gleeful vengeance, the East
Lansing troupe extended Spartan
athletic dominance to the diamond
in a convincing performance.
Spartans Defeated Twice
It was a case of a team riding the
crest versus a club badly mired in
the doldrums of defeat. The cocky
Spartans, defeated only twice this
year, were at the top of their game
-peppy, inspired, self-assured. Mich-
igan, Conference dreams shattered
and confidence badly undermined,
was far off form. The contrast was
apparent throughout. State's class
accentuated Michigan's slumping
play-and the situation worked both
Dan Smick opened for Michigan,
pitched to four batters, walked one,
and yielded two singles before he was
relegated to right field in favor of
Herm Fishman. More of Smick lat-
er, however. Fishman hurled until
the eighth, and Ed Andronik finished.
The party started right off with
a three . run Spartan bank. Bill
Beadle, first up, walked, trooped to
second on Al Diebold's sacrifice, and
tallied on one of Johnny Kuk's three
hits, a line single to right.
Randall Singles'To Left
Clyde Randall, also a three hit
man, promptly singled to left, Kuk
went to second, and Smick to right
field, Fishman entering. Herm got
Sam Nuznov on a hit back to the box,
both runners advancing, but he could
aot fool George Owen, next up. Owen,
who smashed three singles and a
'ouble in the romp, hit a safe dine
drive into left, and two more runs
were in. State 3, Michigahn 0.
All was quite until the Wolverine
second. Up to the plate marched a
disgruntled Smick, irked at his rude
treatment in the box. Danny laid on
one of Dahlstrom's best fast ones,
slammed it on a line to right center,
.he ball rolling to the tennis courts,
?nd Danny circling the bases for the
hrst Michigan run.
The Wolverines awakened for their
''ialf of the fourth and made their
only bid. Don Brewer led off with a
pop single into left, Walter Peckin-
.augh dropped another popper safely
(Continued on Page 3

Zog Marries Countess
'With Dash Of Virginia,

Support Of Nye-Kvale Bill,
Opposition, To May Bill
And Embargo Sought
O ose Increase
In War Budgets

TIRANA, Albania, April 26.-(M--
Tribesmen, soldiers and diplomats
crowded this tiny capital tonight for
the wedding tomorrow of King Ah-
med Zog and a fair Hungarian count-
ess with a dash of Old Virginia in her
Fierce Ghegs from the north and
barefoot Tosks from the south
dropped their ancient animosity and
drank from each other's wine skins to
the health of Countess Geraldine Ap-
ponyi, daughter of Mme. Gladys Ste-
wart Girault, formerly of New York,
who is to become Albania's first
The Mohammedan King and the
Catholic Countess will be married by
a simple civil ceremony among flow-
ers, palms and the King's collection
of antique Albanian firearms in the
dance hall annex of the royal pal-
University Da
Will Draw 400
Annual Affair Sponsored
By League And Union
To Be HeldSaturday
More than 400 Michigan high
school students from within a 120-
mile radius of Ann Arbor will come
to the University Saturday to take
part in the second annual University
Day sponsored by the Union and the
The day's program will start at 9
a.m. when the boys will report to the
Union and the girls to the League.
Student guides will conduct walking
tours of the campus for those who de-
sire them. The entire campus will be
viewed or just specific buildings, de-
pending upon the wishes of the vis-
The Engineering Open House will
be open to the visitors, and those
desiring to view it will be taken there
when they arrive.
From 10 a.m. until noon, several
University officials will open their of-
fices for two hours. Visiting students
will be free to have interviews with
them at this time on entrance re-
quirements, courses, degrees and pro-
fessions, and extra-curricular activ-
A luncheon for all the high school
students will be held at 12:15 p.m.
in the Union, and from 2 until 5
p.m. the men may go to the Mich-
igan-Michigan State tennis match,
the Michigan-Purdue baseball game
or spring football scrimmage.
Motion pictures of women's sports
at the University will be shown at
2 p.m. in the Women's Athletic Build-
ing ,and from 2 until 5 p.m., a regular
Saturday afternoon sports program
on Palmer Field may be seen by the
high school students.

At 4 p.m. today students will be
summoned to the steps of the Gen-
eral Library to participate in the
Strike Against War, the fifth of the
annual nation-wide student demon-
trations for peace.
Resolutions passed by the peace
committee and to be presented this
afternoon include support of the Nye-
Kvale bill to curtail compulsory mil-
itary training in schools and colleges,
opposition to the May Bill for indus-
trial mobilization, opposition to the
embargo on Loyalist Spain provided
by the present Neutrality Act, opposie
tion to the increased U.S. military and
naval budget, opposition to the Ori-
ental Exclusion Act, and support of
aid to the victims of aggression
throughout the world.g
Gluck To Take Charge
Daniel Gluck, '38L, chairman of
the United Peace Committee, the rep-
resentative campus organzation
sponsoring the strike, will conduct
the meeting. Joseph Gies, '39, will
read the resolutions adopted by the
Prof. Robert Morss Lovett of Chi-
cago University, vice-president of the
American League for Peace and De-
mocracy and member of the board of
editors of the New Republic, and
Tucker Smith, labor educational lead-
er, will address the gathering. Pro-
fessbr Lovett has notified the Peace
Committee of his intention to "com-
ment on the change of attitude in-
dicated by the fact that students to-
day seem to be less, interested in keep-
ing themselves out of war than i
keeping the country out of war." The
title of his address will be "The Strike
Against War: Its Changing Purpose."
The subject of Mr. Smith's talk is
not yet known.
University Sanction
The strike this year will be con-
ducted with the sanction of the
University, as it has been for the
past two years.
For several weeks the United Peace
Committee has been at work prepar-
ing for the Strike Against War. On
other campuses throughout the na-
tion similar groups have been active,
and it is anticipated that more than
a million students will demonstrate
today. Last year almost that num-
ber participated, nearly double the
total of 1936.
Efforts to obtain Gov. Frank Mur-
phy to address the group were aban-
doned when a telegram was received
from the governor by the committee
(Continued on Page 6)
British Raise
Income Taxes
Try To Balance Biggest
Peacetime Budget
LONDON, April 26.-(P)--Great
Britain hiked her income tax to a
staggering 27/ per cent today to
help balance a gun-swollen budget
that is the biggest in peaceUme his-
Vast, secret food purchases to feed
Britain's people for the "early
months" of a war' were disclosed by
Sir John Simon, chancellor of the
exchequer, who announced to the
House of Commons that the govern-
ment needs 944,389,000 pounds ($4,-
721,990,0003 for the year ending
March 31, 1939.
The gap between arms expenses
and expected income is to be filled
by the 21/2 per cent income tax in-
crease, which won't hit the little fel-
low, and by tea and oil duty boosts
which will.
ow, an
Composition Class Pla
To Be Presented Toight
"Lucy Baker," a play written by
Bethany L. Wilson, Grad., of Profes-

British Diplomats Win Victory
'In.Italian Pacts, Ehrmann Says


Daily Survey Suggests Unique
Plans For Introducing Students

Great Britain scored a diplomatic
triumph in the Anglo-Italian accords
of April 16,. in the opinion of Prof.
Howard M. Ehrmann of the history
department, who pointed out yester-
day that although both sides bene-
fit by the mere existence of an agree-
ment, the actual terms of the accord
appear to favor England.
The benefit to Italy from the exist-
ence of the treaty Professor Ehrmann
explained, takes the form of a middle
position for Rome between London
and Berlin-a position that Italian
Foreign Ministers Tittoni and San
Giuliano played so advantageously
before the War. This same middle
position is advantageous to the Brit-
ish, Professor Ehrmann said, since it
weakens the Rome-Berlin axis and is
certain to temper German aggres-
siveness apart from the question of
The most significant gain for Brit-
ain, however, Professor Ehrmann

are good reasons to believe it will be
kept. Among those he listed are:
The declaration would not have been
so clearly stated if the intention was
to break it; a loophole would have
been left. If, as it now seems likely,
a Franco victory is completed in less
than a year, it would be' toosoon
after the signing of the accord for the'
Italian government to claim that the
situation had changed in the interim.
Furthermore, the remainder of the
pact does not go into effect until the
Spanish affair has been settled.
But the Italian financial situation
is an important reason why Professor
Ehrmann believes Mussolini will keep
to the declaration. "If Franco should
win the war, he will need money. If
Italy is to maintain a hold on Spain,
Il Duce must supply that money. This,
he cannot do; and that is where the
London bankers come in.
"The interest of the Chamberlain
government in the Spanish situation
is solely to see the war ended," Pro-

Sorority open houses, compulsory
receiving lines for pledges, Mortar
Board tea dances, cutting, freshman
mixers in the fall, dating bureaus,
and dinners in the homes of faculty
members are some of the ways of
acquainting students, which are em-'
ployed on the campuses of 35 col-
leges and universities which have
been contacted by the Daily.
Meeting people on campus has long
been a problem at Michigan as well
as at other universities. The League
Mixers have been given to help solve
the problem, and the Spring Parley
will discuss it as one of its major
topics. In the Daily survey, in con-
nection with the parley, all of the
larger colleges agreed that there the
problem existed, or that they had
solved it to their satisfaction.

various fraternities are invited. All
the sorority pledges are required to
stand in receiving line so that a man
must and may meet all the pledges
before being served with tea. Either
an active or a pledge may serve him
Dancing is one of the easiest ways
of meeting people, and at the Univer-
sity of South Dakota, Mortar Board
sponsors an informal dance Friday
afternoons to provide an opportunity
for students to get better acquainted.
They are no-date affairs, and cutting
is permitted. The problem was facili-
tated at Pennsylvania State College
when a business firm brought roller
skates to the Armory. The situation
was informal and offered an oppor-
tunity to those who did not dance.
Concentrating on the freshman in
the fall, the University of Roches-



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