Increasing cloudiness, not
quite so cool today; t ozraw
light showers, cooler.
Preserve The Peace
Model Universty ...
VOL. XLVIII. No. 142
ANNJ ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 21, 1938
PRICE FIVE CENTS
- ~ .
Urged As Aid
Administration Seeks End
To Business Troubles
WASHINGTON, April 20.- (P) -
The Roosevelt Administration includ-
ed loans to public utilities in the new
spend-and-lend recovery program to-
It was not known immediately just
which companies would receive loans.
However, the disclosure that loans
were in the offing created unusual in-
terest because of the long and bitter
controversy between the Roosevelt
Administration and a nmxber of con-
cerns in the utility field.
A White House conference discus-
sed a plan for advances to the pow-
er companies by the Reconstruction
Finance Corporation to enable them'
to catch up on many millions of dol-
lars worth of job-spreading con-
struction work left undone during the;
Developments of an allied nature3
popped up in half a dozen quarters:
President Roosevelt, endeavoring to
get the. recovery program started
quickly, approved five slum clearance
projects involving a Federal expendi-
ture of $40,728,825.
The Senate committee on the cause
and extent of unemployment reported.
that the State and Federal Govern-
ments had spent $19,300,000,000 for
recovery and relief since 1933, $14,-
200,000,000 of that sum coming from
the Federal Government. It said fully
12,000,000 were out of work and as-
serted that conditions were too un-
certain for planning a long-range
relief program at this time.
Hopkins Urges Adoption
harry Hopkins, Administrator ofj
Work Relief, urging the House Ap-
propriations Committee to endorse
those portions of the President's $4,-r
500.000,000 spending and lending pro-r
gram which have yet to be enacted,
said that the $1,250,000,000.relief item
would enable WPA to keep 2,800,000
persons on the rolls until Feb. 1. This
would be 200,000 more than at pres-
And Henry Ford was expected in
Washington next Wednesday to dis-
cuss business conditions with the
President, apparently in a continua-
tion of the latter's business talks with
various industrial leaders.
This multiplicity of developments
served as a sharp reminder that the1
Administration's long period of in-
activity in connection with theI
troubled business situation was attan
end. The White House conference
was but one of many which Mr.
Roosevelt, by his own announcementI
will hold in the coming fortnight.
Marked Increase Is Noted
In Number Of Entries
Over Last Year's Total
A marked increase in the total
number of manuscripts entered in the
Hopwood Awards contest was shown
yesterday when the manuscripts were
counted after the 4:30 p.m. deadline.
While 57 students entered 67 manu-
scripts last year, 65 students sub-
mitted 85 entries in this year's con-
Twenty-seven of the manuscripts
were entered in the major awards di-
vision, which is open to seniors and
graduate students. Awards ranging
as high as $2,500 have been given for
work entered in this division in the
past, although in recent years $1,-
500 has been the limit for first prizes.
The~e were eight manuscripts sub-
mitted in the field of major fiction,
five in drama, seven in poetry and
seven in essay.
In the minor division, open to un-
dergraduates except freshmen, in
which less sustained work is usually
entered and prizes are limited to $250,
Murphy Blasts Foes, Defends
Spending And Labor Policies
Terms Republican Party
'Bankrupt' During First
Rally Of NewCampaign
SAGINAW, April 20.-()-Gover-
nor Murphy trained his pre-primary
guns tonight, during a district rally
of Democrats, upon the two Republi-
cans who would supplant him, and
promised he was willing to serve.
An address prepared for delivery
before a banquet gathering of 600,
which included nearly all high of-
ficials in the State government, con-
stituted the Governor's first' direct
blast at his foes--former Gov. Frank
D. Fitzgerald and Fitzgerald's rival in
the primaries, Harry S. Toy.
Turning from a blanket indictment
of the Republican party, which he
derided as "pretty much'a bankrupt
concern," Murphy asserted that he
was "willing to serve so long as I can
help the people of Michigan," but
withheld formal announcement of his
candidacy for renomination.
He then turned a verbal barrage
on the Republican party and assert-
"Evidence of the Republican party's
insolvency is not hard to find. We
have an excellent sample right here at
home in the brand of candidate it is
offering the citizens of Michigmn for
the office of Governor.
"Through one of them, boss rule
and the spoils system are trying to
return to the old hunting grounds.
Another struts through the state
making irresponsible charges and de-
manding a labor policy that would
(Continued on Page 2)
In Fight Show
Five Knockouts Feature
All-Star Card; Young
Stops Foe In Second
By TOM PHARES
Five knockouts and another win
to the credit of Don Siegel, Michi-
gan's heavyweight pride, was the treat
for local fight fans at the second an-
nual All-State Boxing Show held last
night at Yost Field House.
Although Siegel declined to step in
and finish his man at several oppor-
tunities, his opponent and South Bend
Golden Gloves champion, Lenny
Zdan, was given a decisive whipping
as the big Wolverine held the upper
hand all the way.
Siegel's long left kept Zdan away
while a stinging right hand had the
Detroit lad dazed from thesecond
round on. He doggedly held on how-
ever and managed to last throughout
the three rounds as Siegel won in a
The card's semi-final scrap which
brought together Leonard Spector
Michigan student, and Miles Under-
hill of South Lyons, two top-notch
welterweights, was one of the best
bouts of the evening. Both former
Ann Arbor trophy winners, Underhill
took the offensive from the start but
in the second and third rounds ran
into hard rights dished out by the
clever Spector and was dropped for
long counts. Spector won a unani-
Lightweight Virgil Young, smooth
University colored fighter, scored a
second round knockout victory over
Ann Arbor's Herman DeMarco. A
good right to the jaw downed De-
Marco at the end of the first round
after which Young completed the job
(Continued on Page 3)
Meeting To Discuss
Peace Strike Plans
Final plans for the strike against
war to be held April 27 will be formu-
lated at a special meeting of the Unit-
ed Peace Committee at 8 p.m. today
in the Lane Hall Library.
Robert M. Lovett, vice-president of
the American League for Peace and
Democracy has already accepted an
invitation to speak at the strike and
Governor Murphy, who has been in-
vited, has not yet replied.
The question of whether or not spe-
cific resolutions should be introduced
at the strike will be discussed at this
time. The group will also come to a
final decision concerning speakers.
Griffin Attends Business
School Meet In Urbana
National Poll Of Students,
Covering 41 Campuses,
Reveals Pacifist Leaning
Poll Here Indicates
Not only are American college stu-
dents overwhelmingly opposed to
United States participation in a for-
eign war but a strong minority would
be reluctant to fight were the United
States invaded, the Brown Herald
announced giving the results of a
nation-wide peace poll tapping over
a million students.
But although the Student Senate
united in denunciation of war there
was wide divergence as to methods
of keeping the peace. The Senate rep-
resented Michigan in the poll.
Fifty-nine per cent of the senators
favored cooperative world disarma-
ment while 39 per cent of the total
college vote supported such action.
Twenty-five per cent of the 13,000
votes returned in the poll by the
Brown University student newspaper
supported the passage of the present
million dollar naval appropriation
bill. Only three student senators voted
GOV. FRANK MURPHY
In Senate Hits'
Profits Tax Bill
Deadlock Between House for the measure.
And Senate Shows No Over 13,000 students representing
Ant o 14 colleges in 21 states answered the
Indication Of Abatement questionnaire sent out by the Brown
University newspaper in a far reach-
WASHINGTON, April 20.-(R)- ing attempt to sound college opinion.
Powerful new pressure for complete Complete results of the vote will be
abolition of the undistributed profits released April 27.
tax came today from an unexpected The first 13,000 votes showed a
source-the Senate Unemployment strong pacifist sentiment, 24 per cent
Committee--but Roosevelt lieuten- of the replies indicating they would
ants' in the House still insisted that not fight if the United States were
the levy be retained. invaded. Fourteen per cent declared
There was no sign that the new de- they would fight under no condi-
velopment would break the dcadlock tions.
between the Senate, which has voted There was also disparity between
repeal of the tax, and the House, the total college opinion on action in
which has decided to retain it in mod- the Far East and the attitude of the
ified form. Student Senate. While 23 per cent
The unemployment committee of the votes returned in the Brown
headed by Senator Byrnes (Dem., University poll supported a consum-
S.C.), usually a strong supporter of er's boycott to stop Japanese aggres-
the Administration; declaied that en- sion in China, well over 50 per cent
actment of revenue legislation along of the Student Senate votes were in
lines approved by the Senate "will be favor of economic sanctions.
exceedingly helpful" in reducing un- There was substantial agreement,
employment. however, upon the question of an al-
The Senate bill, decides providing liance between the United States,
for repeal of the surplus tax, calls for France, England and Russia as a
a flat 15 per cent rate on capital weapon to halt Japan's march. About
gains, in lieu of a House-approved a quarter of the votes cast favored
graduated scale. Business men have such international cooperation to
contended that the Senate bill would solve the Asiatic riddle.
encourage business and unfreeze cap- The Student Senate voted unani-
ital. TeSuetSnt oe nn-
Supporters of the Senate bill hailed mously in opposition to a policy of
Suportrs f te enae bll are- complete isolation. In general both
the unemployment committees re- the national vote and the Michigan
"The committee is absolutely results were substantially in favor of
right," said Senator Copeland (Dem., a policy that would involve the Unit-
rig, Y a )ed States in as few incidents which
Senator Bailey (Dem., N.C.) said might lead to war as possible al-
the report was "very excellent." though they did not favor a complete-
HoweverenattorMurrayDe m.,ly isolationist viewpoint.
Mont.), a committee member, issued
a statement asserting that there was Interview Students
no evidence that the undistributed
profits and capital gains levies "had For Mission Posts
any material effect in causing the re-
cession." Interviews for positions with the
Methodist Episcopal Church Board
e H altof Foreign Missions will be conduct-
ineSe ed by Dr. Frank Cartwright, formerly
Are Certain Of Ultimate
Passage For Measure
Nye Denies Need
For Larger Fleet
WASHINGTON, April 20.-(W)-
Hopes rf Administration leaders for
quick Senate action on the $1,156,-
546,000 naval expansion bill faded
tonight because of attacks by critics,
but the leaders said there was "not
the slightest doubt" of ultimate pas-
sage by an overwhelming margin.
Beginning a fight against the mea-
sure today, Senator Nye (Rep., N.D.)
contended it was unnecessary because
there was no "groups of foes" that
could "even threaten an encroach-
ment on our territory."
Fear Combined Navies
To this, Chairman Walsh (Dem.,
Mass.) of the naval affairs commit-
tee replied that a combination of Ger-
man and Japanese seapower or the
navies of Russia and Japan together
could attack and destroy the present
United States Navy.
Walsh's assertion was termed "ab-
surd" by Senator Lundeen (FL.,
Minn.). He later contended the reg-
ular appropriation bill, already ap-
proved by the Senate, was adequate
to provide a defensive force for the
area bounded by the Aleutian Islands,
Hawaii, the Canal Zone, the Virgin
Islands and the northern coast of
Nye Sees Aggression
If a combination of foes hoped to
beat the United States, he said, they
would have to train soldiers to swim
oceans with their equipment.
The proposed expansion, Nye said,
was "emphatically not for prepara-
tion to defend ourselves," but to
"carry on aggressively in warfare
thousands of miles away from home."
He urged immediate enactment of
legislation to take profits out of war
and to prevent sales of munitions
abroad in peace or war.
Hold Up Bank
$7,675 Is Taken By Men
In Morning Raid
DETROIT, April 20.-3P)-A bat-
talion of police detectives combed the
area in the vicinity of the Canfield-
Russell Street Branch of the Detroit
Bank tonight in an effort to appre-
hend two "Overall Bandits" who car-
ried out Detroit's first successful bank
holdup in two years this morning.
The pair escaped with $7,675, using
Mrs. Betty Simon, a bank patron, as
a shield when they left the building.
Police said they believed the same
men robbed the People's State Sav-
ings Bank at Bloomingdale, Mich. of
In the Bloomingdale and Detroit
robberies the bandits wore overalls.
At Bloomingdale they wore red ban-
danna handkerchiefs as masks.
Police obtained a clue when they
recovered the overalls worn by the
pair together with a pair of women's
silk hose in a garbage can in a nearby
alley. Seven loaded .32 caliber shells
were found in one of the stockings.
Ten Year Plan
Pleased with the way in which
West Coast alumni groups have re-
sponded to the Alumni Association's
Ten Year plan and the interest they
have shown in the University, Pres-
ident Ruthven yesterday paused from
his work for a few minutes to tell of
the extended tour he completed Tues-
"In every city in which I stopped,"
he said, "I met with the directors and
officers of the alumni body there.
All the clubs on the coast are very
enthusiastic about the work of the
University and all are interestedrin
new projects in the Ten Year pro-
The President pointed out that
the Spokane, Seattle, Berkeley and
Los Angeles clubs had all adopted
projects and will report to the Uni-
versity soon, and that most other
elubs are considering similar work.
President Ruthven left March 19
a the month's tour. He addressed
six alumni groups at Portland, Seat-
tle, Spokane, East San Francisco Bay,
Los Angeles and Des Moines. He
spoke -twice at the University of
California, and was awarded an hon-
orary L.L.D. degree there.
S trike SpreadomsUA
LoomBs As aW
L ocals Ballot
Of Discussion At Union
Set April 30 As Date
For Panel Meetin
DETROIT, April 20.-(P)-Strike
votes under way in United Automo-
bile Workers' local unions tonight in-,
dicated possible spread of labor dis-
putes in Michigan automotive plants,
marked earlier this week by picket-
line collection of dues.
Union employes of the Bohn Alum-
inum and Brass Corp., three Detroit
plants of which have been closed by
strikes, were meeting tonight to con-,
sider extending the strike to five
other factories of the same firm here.
At Flint, where employes of Fisher
Body Plant No., 1 and of the Buick
Motor Company prepared to return
to work tomorrow morning, union
members in Buick and Chevrolet
plants started balloting on a strike
call which would, require approval of
the UAW international council be-
fore being effective. The union has
charged discrimination in the placing
of demoted foremen and office work-
ers in production jobs. Foremen are
not eligible for union membership
under the UAW-GM agreement.
Any picket lines formed at Detroit
plants to enforce collection of union
dues will be broken up, Police Com-
missioner Heinrich A. Pickert an-
"No strike is involved in these dues
drives," he said. "They are just an
internal union affair."
Hitler Gets Lion Cub
At Birthday Celebration
BERLIN, April 20.-()-Germans
of all walks of life showered Adolf
Hitler with gifts today as the Reichs-
fuehrer and the nation celebrated his
A lions cub, phonograph records
of all official speeches.made in con-
nection with the union with Austria,
a complete set of all editions in all
languages of his book, "Mein Kampf,"
were among the presents.
Berlin, Vienna and Munich wit-
nessed spectacular, enthusiastic cel-
ebrations. In schools, labor camps,
army barracks, churches, halls of the
storm troopers and elite guards and
government buildings, orators paid
tribute to the Fuehrer.
Bursley To Speak
in Oklahoma City
Dean of Students Joseph A. Burs-
ley left yesterday for Oklahoma where
he will take part in the first national
convention of Independent Men's Or-
ganization at Norman, and address an
alumni group in Oklahoma City.
He will speak tonight at a banquet
of the University alumni of Oklahoma
City, and go from there to Norman for
the Independent Men's convention.
Staying there tomorrow and Satur-
day, he will give the main address at
a dinner Saturday night.
Dean Bursley will return to Ann Ar-
"Faculty" and student panels for
the five sections of the eighth annual
Spring Parley to be held the week-
end of April 30 were announced yes-
terday by the Parley's executive
committee. Nineteen faculty members,
a health service physician, two min-
isters and 15 students are included.
The Parley will debate the topic,
"Our University-Milestone or Mill-
stone." The five sub-topics, each of
which will be discussed separately in
simultaneous section meetings Satur-
day, are: "Our Security: Sufficient or
Deficient," "Our Housing: Rooms or
Rumors," "Our Education: Shake-
speare or Slide-rule," "Our Leisure
Time: Profit or Loss," and "Our Opin-
ion; Expressed or Repressed."
Departing from the precedent of
previous years, the Parley sessions
Saturday will present a student "in-
dicator" to attack the existing order
and a student "defender" to uphold
the status quo. The discussion will
then be thrown open to the floor,
with not only the faculty members
but the "indicter" and "defender"
available for panel discussion. In
previous years the panels have been
The purpose of the change, ac-
cording to the executive committee,
is to permit the two student speak-
ers to provide a common basis of facts
which, it is hoped, will lead to more
rational discussion. In addition the
narrowing of the discussion to the
grievances of the student against the
various phases of University life, will
permit more intensive treatment, the
committee believes. Formerly the
range of topics included international
affairs, national politics, the family
The student members of the hous-
ing panel are Lester Sperber, '39,
chairman; Jack Davis, '39, indicter,
and Jack Collins, '39E, defender. The
faculty members are Prof. Ralph W.
Hammett of the architecture school,
Prof. Richard Ratcliff of the archi-
tecture school, Prof. Carl Litzenberg
of the English department and the
Rev. H. Lynn Pickerill of the Church
of Christ Disciples.
Ronald Freedman, '39, is chairman
of the education section. The several
different points of view -on the pur-
pose and method of education will be
presented by Kenneth Leisenring,
Grad., John Alden, '38, Charles R.
Mix, '40 and Robert Weeks, '38.
The faculty members of the edu-
cation panel are Dean Wilbur Hum-
phreys of the literary college, Prof.
Norman E. Nelson of the English
department, Prof. Mowat Fraser of
the education school, Dean Lloyd
Woodburne of the education school,
Prof. Charles F. Remer of the ec-
(Continued on Page 6)
NBC To Carry
Geologist Will Talk Today
Prof-Emeritus William H. Hobbs of
the geology department will broad-
cast the results of his recent research
in Europe over a nation-wide National
Broadcasting hook-up of 60 stations
at 4 p.m. today from Philadelphia.
The broadcast will precede a paper
to be given on the same topic before
the American Philosophical Society
at their annual meeting tomorrow.
Professor Hobbs returned Feb. 22
from Europe where he discovered
maps ,charts and other evidence prov-
ing, definitely an American, Capt.
Nathaniel Brown Palmer, discovered
the Antaractic, and not Capt. George
Powell or John Biscoe, English explor-
ers, who the British claim made the
The noted geologist was chosen to
broadcast by the society from among
the many scholars who will present
papers at the meeting.
Four other members of the faculty
(Continued on Page 6)
Pictures To Be Shown
New Jap Drive
Position Becomes Critical}
Under Heavy Barrage
SHANGHAI, April 21.-(Thursday)
-(P)-.China's defenders of Shantung
province stood fast under heavy,
pounding by Japanese guns today,
hoping to force their outnumbered at-
tackers into hand-to-hand combat.
Japan's second Central China of-
fensive opened with an artillery and
air bombardment of the Lini sector
which continued without pause.
Chinese admitted the situation was
critical and that defense positions
were shattered under the impact of
tons of high explosives, but denied
Japanese assertions that Lini itself
Japanese attacking Lini were striv-
ing to relieve pressure on the Japanese
garrison besieged at Yihsien, 40 miles
to the Southwest. Their offensive
also was pointed at Suchow, 90 miles
to the Southwest, main Eastern junc-
tion city on the Lunghai Railroad
which runs through the unconquered
heart of Central China.
Neutral observers sent word that
Chinese troop trains were leaving for
the front from Chengchow, 300 miles
west on the Lunghai, in a continuous
of Foo Chow, China, and present
Candidate Secretary for the Board,
all day today at Lane Hall.
Educational, social and athletic po-
sitions in schools and colleges in In-
dia, Panama, Peru, Bolivia and Chile
are available. Dr. Cartwright will
speak to all interested in doing this
Stalin Ends Farmer Purges
In Move For Bumper Crops
MOSCOW, April 20.-(IP)-Joseph
Stalin today forbade further purging
of collective farmers in what some
foreign circles regarded as a move to
assure production of a bumper grain
The order, one of the sharpest ever
to issue from the Kremlin, bluntly
prohibited "any purges in collective
farms under any pretext whatsoever."
The Communist leaders accused
provincial officials of bureaucratic
highhandedness and warned them
that they would be tred as criminals
unless unwarranted expulsions cease.
How widely expulsion of peasants
from farms had affected agriculture
was not disclosed, but the order in-
dicated that many had been turned
out by the farms' administrative of-
trivial reasons on the pretext of purg-
ing them as hostile elements.
Foreign experts who have studied
the history of collectivization have
found that the peasants at first were
reluctant to give up title to lznd they
long had possessed under the program
to bring agriculture under Govern-
In their resistance to the program,
many had refused to grow more than
enough food for their own use. Be-
cause short crops had left peasants
without grain stocks, foreign reports
of the final collectivization drive in
1933 said that millions of peasants
starved to death.
Those who escaped the famine,
which took from 2.000.000l to '7000-