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April 20, 1938 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-04-20

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The Weather
Mostly cloudy and cooler to-
day; considerable cloudiness,
continued cool, tomorrow.

Jr

Lit igazit

Iai

Editorials
Speaking Of
Propaganda.

I

VOL. XLVIII. No. 141 ANN4 ARBOR, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, APRIL 20, 1938

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Duce Overture
To Paris Hints
At NewSetup
Negotiations Of French
Follow Closing Of Great
Britain Friendship Pact
Yugoslavia Sounded
On Adriatic Stand'
ROME, April 19.-(/P)-Diplomatic1
moves in Rome today foreshadowed1
a new European setup.
On the heels of the Italian-British
friendship accord of Saturday, Italy
and France agreed to start negotia-
tions to reestablish their traditional
friendship, shattered by the Ethio-
pian War.
At the same time, responsible diplo-
matic sources said, Italy was sound-
ing out Yugoslavia on a military al-
liance to make the Adriatic an
Italian-Yugoslav sea.
Move Away From Reich
The two steps were seen as an at-
tempt by Premier Mussolini to make
Italy less dependent on.his working
agreement with Reichsfuehrer Hitler.
Officials asserted the Italian-Ger-
man alliance was as strong ps ever
and would remain the keystone of
Italy's foreign policy, no matter what
other friendships were formed.
Diplomatic quarters felt that the
goal of Il Duce's present diplo.macy
was a five-power pact among Italy,
Germany, Britain, France and Po-
land as an adjunct to the Rome-
Berlin agreement-and as a shock
absorber if at some future time that
agreement should break.
Yugoslavia Long Aim
The suggested alijance with Yugo-I
slavia, across the Adriatic fromI
Italy's eastern coast, would be al
long-range safety measure designed
to stop any German move to regain
the Adriatic ports once held by Aus-
tria.
It was doubted that Italy would
display much solidarity with Czecho-
slovakia, Yugoslavia's associate along
with Rumania in the Little Entente,
in view of Mussolini's continuing tie-
up with Hitler.
French, opening conversations on
proposed resumption of an exchange
of ambassadors with Italy, sought
Italian concessions, particularly re-
garding Tunisia, French North Afri-I
can protectorate adjoining Italian
Libya.
. Balearics In Dispute

Military, Naval Officials Scoff
At Legend Of Japanese Might

Tactical Errors, Economic
Setbacks Seen Causes
Of Internal Turmoil
By JACK DAVIS
The legend of Japanese military ef-
ficiency is rapidly passing into the
limbo of Asiatic fairy tales as Chi-
nese guns write a new story in the
Far East according to many Wash-
ington military and naval officers.
Japanese armed might, once held
as impregnable as. her rocky island
shores, has dwindled markedly in the
SHANGHAI, April 20.-(Wed-
nesday)-(/P)-Japanese asserted
today they had captured the city
of Lini, 80 miles northeast of
Suchow, as a result of the first
smashing drive in their new of-
fensive to avenge the Taierch-
wang defeat.
opinion of foreign observers as mili-
tary mistakes and economic set-backs
contribute to turmoil at home.
Reserves of raw materials and mu-
nitions which American officers, at
the outbreak of hostilities last July,
estimated would carry the Tokyo
forces for a year have been exhausted
and the country is now dependent
upon foreign supplies to keep vital
factories in operation.
Japanese financiers are reported to
be frantically seeking foreign loans
as her economic structure buckles
under the burden of military con-
quest. Between 35 and 40 million
dollars worth of raw materials a
month are being purchased to feed
the war machine according to reports
from Tokyo. In some quarters an
economic breakdown is predicted
within three months.
"It will take at least a generation
for Japan to recover from this war
and the longer it goes on the better
chance -there is of her reduction to
a second or third rate power," an

American officer predicts. "In mili-
tary strength she cannotbe compared
with Western powers."~
It is not simply the recent major
defeat in the Suchow area which is
responsible for the swing in senti-
ment. The lack of disci-line which
has weighed heavily againstJapan
was noticeable in the looting of
Nanking. And it is these same troops
who have been routed at Suchow.
The vital weakness uncovered so
far in the opinion of foreign observ-
ers has been the inability of the Jap-
anese command to evaluate the en-
emy strength. Sound in judging the
efforts of their own troops, time and
again they have shown a contempt
for the Chinese which has resulted
in over-extended lines and costly set-
backs.
In all quarters it is believed that
Japan's casualties both in active
fighting and behind the front have
been unexpectedly high. While Tokyo
has been reluctant to release figures
(Continued on Page 6)
Rumanian Nazi Taken

They also sought a friendship ac-
cord similar to the Italian-BritishI
agreement as the price for recogni-j
tion of Ethiopia.'
France was anxious to keep Italy
out of the Balearic Islands, and was
interested in withdrawal of Italian
troops from Libya. (Italy promised
Britain she would evacuate the Ba-
learics when the Spanish War was
ended),
Since late in 1936 France has not
had an ambassador in Rome, refus-
ing to send an envoy accredited to
the King of Italy as Emperor of
Ethiopia.
Set Hopwood
Deadline Today
ManIScripts Must1 B In I
Beo re 4:30) P.M1'.
/Al manuscripts for the Avery and
,Jules Hopwood Awards Contest must'
be in the English office, Room 3221
Angell Hall, by 4:30 p.m. today.
Under the terms of Avery Hop-
wood's will, prominent American dra-
matist and member of the Class of
1905, one-fifth of Mr. Hopwood's
estate was set aside and given to
the Regents of the University for the
encouragement of creative work in
writing. In the seven years the
awards have been given, the. total in
prizes has amounted to nearly $70,-
000.
Awards are provided in the fields of
dramatic writing, the essay, fiction
and poetry. No more than four
awards of $2,000 each are offered in
the major award contest, while in the
minor award division, two prizes of
$250 each are offered in each of the.
four fieds.
Dr. Jesserich. Picked
Sate Dental Head
lirROIT, rApril 19. --) -,)Dele-
gates to the annual meeting of the
Mihamn Stata na)Pntaoi :soiety tndav

Sadler Vetoes Bill
On Parking Meters
Veto of the ordinance enabling
installation of parking meters in Ann
Arbor passed by the city council at
its April 11 meeting was annouaced
by Mayor Walter C. Sadler at Mon-
day night's regular session of the
council.
The council took no action relative
to the veto. Ten favorable votes are
necessary to pass an ordinance over
the mayor's veto. The ordinance it,
self was an enabling act permitting
installation of parking meters at
such time as the council should au-
thorize it.
Mayor Sadler, in vetoing the meas-
ure, called attention to the expressed
public reaction against the measure,
voicing the opinion that parking me-
ters would not increase parking space,
and held that parking rights on
public streets should be open to all
and not a privileged few.
Senior Antiou iewne Is
Go On Sale This Week
Senior graduation announcements
will go on sale today it was stated
last night and will continue tomor-
row and Friday from 3 until 5 p.m.
in Angell Hally lobby.
Leather bound announcements are
being sold for 50 cents, carboard
bound, 25 cents and announcement
folders, two for 15 cents.

CORNELIU CODREANU
* * ,,
Rumanian Arrests
Nip New Nazi Plot
BUCHAREST, April 19.-OP)-The<
Interior Minister announced tonight
that another 1,500 Iron Guard mem-
bers were under arrest after a search
of their homes and barracks had dis-
closed plans to capture King Carol
and set up a fascist state.
This announcement came a few'
hours after Corneliu Zelea Codreanu,
(above), rightist Iron Guard leader
arrested Sunday with hundreds of his
followers, started serving a six
months prison sentence in Tilava
prison near Bucharest.
According to the plans allegedly
discovered, the King and his govern-
ment were to have been seized while
attending Orthodox Easter cere-
monies next Saturday and a fascist
state of Iron Guard legionnaires
proclaimed, an official spokesman
said.
YC rf herr}
O Moscow Trials
William W. Weinstone, Communist
Party organizer in Detroit, will speak
at a meeting of the Young . Corpm-
munist League at 8 p.m. tomorrow
in Unity Hall. His subject will be
"The Meaning of the Moscow Trials."
Mr. Weinstone has spoken in Ann
Arbor twice before, having debated
Prof. Preston W. Slosson of the his-
tory department on the League of
Nations in 1934 and having taken
part in a forum on current politics
during the 1936 presidential cam-
paign.

State Teachers
To Hold 3-Day
Meeting Here
Honors Convocation On
Friday To Highlight The
Convention's Activities
Individual Groups
To Hold Discussion
Educators from all over the State
will attend the 73rd annual Michigan
Schoolmasters' Club Convention April
28, 29 and 30 in Ann Arbor and dis-
cuss all phases of school subjects in
individual conferences.
One of the hlghspots of the con-
vention will be the annual honors
convocation for the recognition of
outstanding scholarship of Univcj"-
sity students. Dean of Students Jo-
seph A. Bursley is chairman for the
honors convocation and Dr. Lillian
M. Gilbreth, consulting engineer of
Montclair, N.J. will give the address
on "Research."
The convention, sponsored by the
University's bureau of cooperation
with educational institutions, will
open with a luncheon at 12:30 p.m.
Thursday, April 28 for presidents,
deans, registrars, principals, heads
of departments and other school and
college officers and staff members.
The afternoon program at 2 p.m.
Thursday will be under the direction
of Harlan C. Koch, assistant director
of the bureau of cooperation. The
topic will be "School and College Co-
operation Through Improved In-
struction."
The Schoolmasters' Club annual
business meeting will be held at 8:45
a.m. Friday, April 29 in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. Leslie A. But-
ler, Ypsilanti, president of the club,
will be chairman, and Henry A. Tape.
Ypsilanti, secretary-treasurer, will
assist him.
The general conference will be held
at 9 a.m. in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre under the direction of Mr.
Butler. Prof. Robert B. Hall of the
geography department will speak on
"Religions of Conflict in the Far
East."
StudeiiitSenate
To Investioate
Loa I Reforms
Book Monopolies, N Y A
Aid, Library Facilities
Discussed Yesterday
Training its guns on local topics
Ifor the most part last night the
Student Senate discussed in rapid-
fire order, questions of library re-
form, book monopolies and NYA aid
to students, in a brief, but busy ses-
sion which saw the virtual disap-
pearance of party cleavages.
The library bill was introduced
by Sen. Charles E. Kistler, '39, who
proposed a seven-point program of
reforms. The bill urged that the ad-
ministration take immediate steps
to: (1) create facilities for the return
of books at all hours of the night,
as is done on the University of Iowa
campus (2) open the library Sunday
morning, (3) extend the hours to 11
p.m. week days and 10 p.m. Sunday
(4) push up the deadline to 9 o'clock~
on overnight books, (5) take the lock-
ers out of their present ground floor
location and make the space into a

smoking room, (6) improve light,
throughout the libraries, especially
in the first floor study hall and (7)
throw the Lapodie literature file;
open to the general public and con-
tinue the collection of this material
Acting on Senator Kistler's motior
the Senate appointed a committee tc
investigate present library condition;
and determine the feasibility of hi:
reforms. Senator Kistler will heat
the committee.
Textbook monopolies and poor ex-
change rates were scored by Sen. Johr
O'Hara, '41, who charged that loca
(C 'nt)nued on Page 2)
Hillel Now Serves
Passover _ eal
Special Passover meals are being
served at the Hillel Foundation thi,
week by the Lachar Catering Co. o
Detroit .
The meals alre p prcoaed in accord
ante with the Jewish dietary law
and will be served daily until noon
Saimcladt

Michigan Nine
Loses Big Ten
Opener, 4 -2
Wolverines Muff Chances
To Win As Wisconsin
Piles UpAnEarly Lead
Fishman Relieved
After Sixth Inning
By BUD BENJAMIN
The 90 precious feet from third
base to home plate proved to be death
valley to Michigan's baseball team
yesterday afternoon as the Wolver-
ines dropped their first Conference
game of the season to Wisconsin, 4 to
2, at the Ferry Field diamond.
Faulty base running and a glaring
error afield cost the locals their in-
itial Big Ten contest.
A three man collision along the
third base line in the Wisconsin sixth
gave the visitors an undeserved two
runs. Peckinpaugh, Beebe, and
Fishman bumped in chasing a little
pop bunt, and the stage was set for
the Badger brace of runs.
Wolverines Mix Signals'
The Michigan eighth resulted in
faux pas number two. With the bases
loaded and none out, Bob Campbell
smacked a good single to right. The
Wolverine base procession for some
strange reason failed to set sail, only
one run scored as a result, and Walt
Peckinpaugh was trapped along the
unlucky 90 paces and tagged out.
Each team tallied in the first. With
one out, Walt Bittila, the ex-Wol-
verine and present Badger catcher,
slapped a hard liner to right that
bounced over Campbell's head for a
triple. He promptly scored as Capt.
Bob Gerlach socked the first of his
three hits of the afternoon, a sharp
single to center.
Badgers Score In Fourth
Back came the Wolverines. After
Charley Pink had popped to Andy
Smith, Don Brewer walked, held first
as Walter Peckinpaugh fanned, but
crossed the plate on Capt. Butch
Kremer's double to left, a loping drive
which Howie Radder misjudged bad-
ly.
The Badgers forged ahead again in
the fourth on two extra knocks, a
double by A Dismeir and a triple by
Norm Olson down the right field
line.
Hinrichs passed Kremer in the
Wolverine fourth, but. Campbell
'forced him at second, Trosko lined
out, and Bob was thrown out by
Bietila when he attempted to steal
Wisconsin went down in order in
the fifth, Gedeon's hit was all the
Wolverines had. to offer, and it wa
still 2 to 1 at the end of the frame.
Then came the sixth, and the twc
undeserved Badger scores. Gerlach's
(Continued on Page 3)
Woiley Is Named
To City Police Post
Prof. John S. Worley of the engi-
neering college, was appointed as
a member of the city police commis-
sion to succeed George Lutz, Jr., by
Mayor Walter C. Sadler at Monday
night's council meeting.
Action on this and four other ap-
pointments sumitted by the mayor
was deferred for two weeks and a
committee of three was authorized
to study the elections.
Robbers Loot Sorority
01 Valuable Jewelry

Police are investigating robbery o,
the Phi Sigma Sigma sorority house
at 1022 S. Forest Ave., which oc-
curred during vacation and resulted
in the loss of several hundred dollars
worth of jewelry.
Included in the loot were nine gold,
platinum and silver rings, most of
them set with diamonds and othei
valuable stones and 2 lockets.

Fraternities, Sororities
Vie For Garden Trophy
Local fraternities and sororities
are eligible for one of 20 trophies
to be awarded in the Ann Arbor
News' second annual "More At-
tractive Ann Arbor Competition,"
endorsed by the Ann Arbor Gar-
den Club, it was announced.
Other prizes will be awarded
for the most attractive residen-
tial, industrial, business and in-
stitutional premises and for the
greatest improvement shown
during the course of this year's
competition in residential prem-
ises.
Entries will be judged the week
of July 4, all from the street
view.
14 Bouts Listed.
For Fight Show
At 8 PMToday
All-State Bouts Featured
By Seigel-Zdan Match At
Yost F FldHouse
By TOM PHARES
A star-studded card of 14 bouts,
featuring champions from eight
cities, will give local boxing enthus-
iasts a run for their money tonight
at Yost Field House at the second
annual All-State Boxing Show which
is scheduled to get under way at 8
p.m.
The feature event of the evening
will bring together Don Siegel, Mich-
igan's state amateur heavyweight
champion, and Lenny. Zdan of De-
Don Siegel is the proud pos-
sessor of a Catholic Youth Or-
ganization boxing championship
with a record of only one bout
fought in order to gain the
crown and that with Buddy
Michels, winner of National
AAU championship in. Cincin-
nati.

Union Heads To Continue
Membership Check As
Move Restores Peace
Idle Plants In Flint
To OpenThursday
FLINT, April 19.-(P-An ultima-
tum from General Motors Corp. that
it would lock up its Fisher Body
plant No. 1 until the United Auto-
mobile Workers withdrew their dues-
collecting pickets was followed quick-
ly today by assent from the union.
The decision of the union, an-
nounced by President Homer Martin,
thus restored peace at least tem-
porarily to a situation which had be-
gun to assume serious proportions in
view of work stoppages and heated
objections from the management
Tonight Henry Wilson, president
of a Fisher union local, said that
while the forenoon picket lines would
be abolished. "Membership checks"
would be carried on as employes
leave the plant. He said Martin
"didn't disapprove" of this method.
Because of necessary technical ad-
justments after two idle days, the
plant management affirmed its de-
cision earlier not to reopen until
Thursday morning. Meanwhile, union
men received instructions from their
leaders to report for work as usual
tomorrow morning as a "protest
against non-operation of the plant."
Today's shut-down, which followed
a flui'ry of violence at the gates of
the Fisher plant, sent home 3,700
Fisher employes and 1,500 assembly
line workers at the Buick Motor Co.
plant. Buick, dependent upon Fish-
er for bodies, announced 6,000 other
workers would be made idle should
the body plant remain closed for an-
other two days.
Announcing he had been in tele-
phone communication with Homer
Martin, international president of
the UAW and with James F. Dewey,
federal labor conciliator, Governor
Murphy appealed to "responsible la-
bor" and "responsible industry" to
seek a peaceable solition of griev-
ances.
The Governor, who recently de-
scribed the unemployment situation
in Flint as "tragic," said that "this
is no time to have stoppages of work,
and the influence of government
ought to be against that sort
thing."
Martin, at a press conference in
Detroit, said the corporation, op-
erating on a curtailed production
schedule, had seized upon the dues
collecting drive as a pretext for clos-
ing the plant and to "discredit the
union." He denied that any con-
siderable number of workers - had
been turned away by the pickets and
said continuation of the picketing
was "up to the local at Flint."
"The General Motors Corp, con-
demns this latest method by the UAW
of coercing employes and denying
them entrance to the plant," Knud-
sen's statement said. "Several hun-
dred employes were physically pre-
vented from entering the plant this
morning. The corporation has kept
its agreement with the Union."

Dues Collectors On
G M Lockout Threat

UAWA

Withdraws

troit who is the undefeated South
Bend Golden Gloves 200 pound king.
Siegel was originally scheduled to
meet Buddy Michels, another Detroit
titleholder, but after he defeated him
in thedC.Y.O. tourney, Zdan was
matched.
The South Bend champion won
every one of his bouts in the Golden
Gloves competition by the knockout
route and is expected to give the
giant Wolverine star the battle of his
life.
The second heavyweight bout will
be staged by two other fistic kingpins
in the persons of Don Van, Pon-
tiac's state open champion, and Deno
Tempest, the Detroit Free Press
Golden Gloves heavyweight title-
holder.
This bout will rival the Siegel-
Zdan scrap in interest since Van is
the only man at present to hold a
decision over Siegel, having handed
Michigan's gridder the lone defeat
of his illustrious caieer last year.
Van was asked for a return match
for the show but declined the offer in
(Continued on Page 3)
COBEY HEADS SCABBARD, BLADE
William Cobey, '38E, was elected
captain of Scabbard and Blade, hon-
orary R.O.T.C. society, at a meeting
held last night. Gilbert Phares, '38E,
was elected first lieutenant, Kingsley
Kelly, '38BAd., second lieutenant, and
John Stevens, '38E, first sergeant.

L awyers Will 'Face Bench'
in Iiouider's Day Trial Fiday

t
t
I
r
7

Four junior law students, chosen
by elimination from abong 300 mem-
bers of the Case Club, will get their
first taste of pleading before a court
at 4 p.m. Friday in Room 100, Hut-
chensdHall, when they open the 13th
Founder's Day celebration, arguing
the case of "Parkinson vs. Brooks,"
before four visiting judges.
Ralph Helper will collaborate with
Bruce M. Smith for the plaintiff and
Robert C. Keck and Clifford Chris-
tianson will oppose them as defen-
dant's counsel in the case which will
be argued to determine the limits of
a widow's trust rights. This is the
culmination of the annual Case Club
contest and is open to the public,
especially to pre-law students.
Judge Orie L. Phillips of the U.S.
Circuit Court of Appeals, 10th dis-
trict, will deliver the address at the
13th annual Founder's Day Dinner
honoring William Cook at 6:30 p.m.

winners and losers, respectively, are
donated by the firm of Bulkley, Led-
yard, Dickinson and Wright, as the
Henry M. Campbell Award.
The case involves interpretation
of a statute which permits a widow
to accept provisions for herself in
her husband's will, or instead to take
what the law would give her had
he died without leaving a will. The
widow elected to take what the law
would give her had her husband died
without making a will.
Her husband had had not only
property of his own, but also the abil-
ity of disposing of property which his
father before him had owned, to any
person whom he might designa tein
his will.
The widow claims in addition to
her husand's property the property
over which her husband had power
of dispossession. The issues are con-
cerned with the question of whether
the widow may take any benefit of
.or a .har i so. - nrnpra

Engineers Turn Host For A Day;
To Feature Old Engines April 301

Ruing Passed
On C' Average
To Affect Literary College
Juniors, Seniors
A ruling that all literary college
students must have at least a "C"
average in their work in fields of con-
centration was passed at a recent
meeting of the faculty, it was an-
nounced yesterday from the office of
the College of Literai'y, Science and
Arts.
The regulation, which will become
effective in 1940, it was, said, is for
the purpose of directing students to
fields of concentration for which
they are best suited. Last year, by
bringing up their averages in other
fields, 23 'students were graduated
with less than a "C" average in fields
of concentration.
The rule will not apply to individual
courses in the field of concentra-
tion, it was said, but only to work in
the fields as a whole. The rule fol-
lows: "All courses elected in the de-
partment or field of conceitration
must be completed with at least a

By JACK SULLIVAN
Relics of a day when ten horse
power was real power and 100 revo-
lutions per minute was speed will be
on exhibit at a display of antique
motors and steam engines at the en-
gineering college open house.April 30.
After the Open House the display
will be given to Henry Ford who
will exhibit them in his museum at
Dearborn, where the thousands who
visit Greenfield Village annually may

contined the principle of the modern
automobile motor,
Another rare machine is the Mietz-
Weiss kerosene engine, a two cycle
motor developing two horse power.
Ignition depends upon the "hot bulb"
principle-heat from the combustion
chamber itself rather than a spark
plug causing the explosion. This en-
gine was exhibited at the Pan-Amer-
ican Exposition in 1901 and presented
to Dean Cooley of the engineering
college who was a judge at the Ex-

i

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