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March 31, 1938 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-03-31

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. F G, - of. AJ1 dT UNA aNum-..v
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
4it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$400 by mail, $450.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1937-38
NationalAdvertisingService, Inc.
Cllege Pulshers Rejrsentatie
Board of Editors
Business Department
CREDIT MANAER "..................DON WILSHER
It is important for society to avoid the
neglect of adults, but positively dangerous
for it to thwart the ambition of youth to.
reform the world. Only the schools which
act on this belief are educational institu-
tions in the best meaning of the term.
- Alexander G. Ruthven
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
In Answer
To A Reader...
A CONTRIBUTOR has written in to-
day's Forum column that he is "as-
tounded" at our "audacity" in not printing an
earlier contribution of his to the Forum column.
We willingly allow for his astonishment and
proffer our apologies, but at the same time w7
assure our readers that this contributor's earlier
complaint would have been printed sometime this
week. His complaint was not printed immediate-
ly upon its receipt simply because there were, in
our opinion, more timely controversies at that
But we do not mean to allow all that he has
said of the Daily. If he were to criticize us for
negligence he would have been on firm ground,
for we readily admit that at times we are
careless. . Indeed every newspaper is guilty of
carelessness, and if we are more liable than
others it is because we are not professional news-
papermen hired for full-time work. But he
was seeing bogey men under the bed when he
accused us of a "biased, partial, obscurantist pol-
icy." Such a policy is not caused by carelessness
but rather by unscrupulous editors, and it is a
deliberate policy. We firmly deny that the
Daily has purposely withheld any news which
the editors thought should be property of the
student body. And we are astonished that the
news columns of the Daily should be compared
to those of the Chicago Tribune.
Finally, we come to the Catholic Church. Per
haps we read thoughts into this letter that do not
exist. That Catholic priests are sometimes
criticized for supporting causes that we con-
sider ill-advised does not mean that we are
anti-Catholic. It simply means that we tread
across religious lines without bias in the deter-
mination of our policies. We think that is as
it should be.,
Joseph S. Mattes.
The President's

Reorganization Bill .. .
CLASSICS of newspaper propaganda
have been written in the last few
days against the Reorganization Bill. The prop-
aganda ranges from the subtleties of re-writing
Associated Press stories and using such phrases
as putting the civil service administration "under
the thumb of the President," to scarehead head-
lines screaming "Dictator Bill Passed."
Perhaps the most irritating of the finely drawn
figures of speech currently being used is the
simile of the Supreme Court proposal which in-
ferentially or explicitly is being dragged in by
the ears to show that reorganization is but an-
other step of the Roosevelt administration toward
dictatorship. a
Whatever else the Supreme Court plan was, the
reorganization bill is merely a measure to sim-
plify the loosely thrown together structure of
federal administration.

results of his re-organization to Congress, which
can veto the bill within a period of sixty days.
Third, Congress could veto any provision of the
bill effectively by its power to grant or refuse
Fourth, the President can not abolish an
existing function of An agency though he may
abolish the agency.
On ,specific measures opposition to the bill
has centered around the provisions abolishing
the office of Comptroller General and incor-
porating the functions of the Comptroller in the
office of the Director of the Budget; and abolish-
ing the present three-member Civil Service Com-
mission in favor of a Civil Service Administration
headed by one administrator who will be as-
sisted by a seven-man civil service advisory
As Prof. George C. S. Benson of the Bureau of
Government pointed out in an article in Tues-
day's Daily, the setting up of a Comptroller
General with power to pass on all administrative
expenditures was an infringement on executive
responsibility in the first place and an infringe-
ment which the theory of separation of powers
could not justify.
A Hybrid Amalgamation
As it stands at present, the office of the Comp-
troller General is a hybrid of legislative and
executive functions. The comptroller performs
the function of auditing and that of day-to-day
control of administrative expenditures. As a con-
sequence of the improper separation of duties,
he could make an independent audit of his
own executive orders.
Under the.reorganization plan, the audit func-
tion would be vested in the Auditor General,
directly responsible to. Congress. The day-by-
day control of expenditures would be given to an
executive office in the executive branch of the
government where it properly belongs.
The Civil Service change is opposed vehement-
ly, because it means "too much centralization."
This phrase has become a convenient shibboleth
to brandish about in the last few years. What
is usually meant by this phrase used in con-
nection with the reorganization bill, we may
infer, is that the President would wield a vast
patronage power, and the spoils systems would
flourish with renewed vigor.
That, at least, is the impression which we
believe opponents of the bill would wish to
Under the present set-up the President could
wipe out all three members of the Civil Service
Commission and appoint anybody he desires.
These Commissioners serve only at the Presi-
dent's pleasure. What greater power could the
President or any other President ask for?
Chosen By Examination
The reorganization bill as it now stands would
have the civil service administrator chosen by
competitive examinations. His office would be
purely administrative. Supposedly, he would be
a man amply qualified for handling this highly
specialized and technical task..
Another check would appear to exist in the
advisory commission of seven members which
would aid the administrator, but which would
be empowered also to investigate and report on
his policies.
Professor Benson, in the Daily article prev-
iously mentioned, pointed out that in the past
the Commission has not performed its functions
well. Its examinations were not up to the calibre
of a dozen of the better personnel agencies in the
country, he said; its classifications have been
haphazard and allocation of specific positions
to classes blindly carried out. In addition the
very fact that the Commission has been-a full-
time body with three members who divided up
the work has precluded careful consideration of
the Commission's policies as a whole.
The present proposal, so bitterly being debated
should do away with these faults.
The clue to the opposition of politicians ,at
least to this specific proposal, may be contained
in the distinction between what impression they
wish to convey by their opposition and what the
real purpose of that opposition is.
Would Reduce Patronage
The easily inferred meaning is that the Pres-
ident would wield extraordinary patronage pow-
ers. The real meaning may be that civil service

administration reform as embodied in the pres-
ent bill will sound one of the first notes of
doom to the spoils system in the federal govern-
,The civil service administrator is authorized
to develop, expand, and revamp the present civil
service set-up. The President is also given the
authority to extend the classified service. Be-
cause of the power vested here, 200,000 employes
not now in the civil service classified service
would be placed therein. Furthermore, the
President would receive the power to classify, ac-
cording to civil service standards, positions which
are not now classified by standards under the,
classification act of 1923. This means that var-
ious government corporations would thus be
made subject to possible civil service laws and'
the classification act, according to the semi-
official summary of the Bill as it passed the
How many employes would come under the
classified service under this provision is hard
to estimate, but the number is large when one
takes into consideration the different kinds of
government corporations which exist at the
present time such as the Home Owners' Loan
Corporation, the Reconstruction Finance Cor-
poration, the Federal Savings and Loan Insur-
ance Corporation, the Federal Farm Mortgage
and Commodity Credit Corporations.
Perhaps ii the opposition of some Democrats
this fact that their own patronage will be
measurably cut is not an unimportant factor
determining their opposition.
Albert Mayio.

Here It Is
To the Editor:
What does it take to get a letter printed in
your Forum? Whatever it takes, I obviously
haven't got it. Perhaps the letter which I wrote
you last week was too critical of your policies,
too many worlds removed from your point of view
to be worthy of notice. What I only suspected
before has now been confirmed by your refusal to
print my letter. For my criticism of your biased;
partial, obscurantist policy evidently touched
a very tender spot. Can it be that bigotry has
raised its ugly head in of all places, the center
of culture and enlightenment, the Michigan cam-
pus? And in of all places on this campus, in
the editorial office of the "liberal," "progressive"
Daily. Perish the thought!
Perhaps I am too harsh. Perhaps you have
really had no room in your columns for my letter,
on a subject of really no consequence anyway.
Perhaps my letter was lost during the hurry
and scurry of getting out the Daily, inadvertent-
ly pushed off the desk by an editorial elbow into
the editorial wastebasket. Or perhaps the post-
man dropped it in the Maynard Street gutter on
his way to the publications office. Or maybe the
sorting-clerk downtown could not read my type-
writing. Someone should speak to Jim Farley
about the inefficiency of his postal civil-servants.
If any of these possibilities is true, I humbly
apologize for all the unkind things I have said,
and for my nasty temper.
But you can make amends partially by print-
ing this letter. I demand that you print it!
I demand that you print it now, in toto, and
in pristine condition. I demand my right as a
Michigan student to have my opinion-that of a'
large number of Michigan students, I am sure
-published in the organ of the students, The
Michigan Daily. It is the duty of all of us
to see that our paper-if I may use that term
-prints the truth, all of the news; and that our
paper prints it fairly and objectively, whatever
its editorial policy may be.
Fortunately, I was careful enough to provide
for the contingency which I never really thought
would arise, by keeping a copy of my letter. My
naive eyes have been opened to the actual con-
dition which must exist in a great part of our
national press, and I am astounded at your
audacity. I never before realized how easy it is
to miscolor and distort the news, not even when
I have occasionally read the Chicago Tribune.
Anyway, here is my letter of March 25, last
"I was very much disappointed but not, I must
confess, greatly surprised that not a word has
appeared in the Daily concerning an important
piece of international news this week (now last,
week), a story which was featured both in radio
newsbroadcasts and on the front pages of such
papers as The New York Times and, Herald
Tribune. (I might add now that the report was
also carried by The Associated Press, The United
Press, and The International News Service, and
even by the lowly Detroit papers). I refer to the
urgent plea issued by Pope Pius to General Fran-
co to use moderation in air raids and to cease
the useless slaughter of civilians. My disap-
pointment was increased by the recollection that
last fall the Daily had featured, with a picture
of His Holiness, the erroneous Associated Press.
story that missionaries in China had been or-
dered to support the Japanese invasion. But my
regret of The Daily's failure to present a true
picture of the Church's position on international
affairs was mitigated by the conviction that of
course it was not intentional."
Now you might do a little explaining. Why
did you not print this story in the first place?
And why did you ignore my letter? I am sure
many of us are curious. I am anyway.
-Robert G. Walker, Grad.

high Tor'
"High Tor" is the third Broadway success
which Play Production has enabled us to see
this year. Anderson's play has the additional
distinction of having won the Drama Ci'itics'
Award, as well as being by far the most pre-
One feels that the best things about it are
those which the dramatist himself would con-
sider the least important. The scenes of whim-
sical humor arising from farcical situations are
very pleasant. The satirical characterizations
of the materialistic business men, and the lusty
wraith of the Dutch sailor, are sharp and amus-
ing. But, both as drama and as poetic drama,
the play is decidedly inferior. What might have
been a lively farce has been turned into one more
item to support the widespread legend that Max-
well Anderson is a dramatist worthy of respect.
In the startling discovery that civilizations
come and go, Mr. Anderson has found the ma-
terial for a two-hour excursion into pseudo-
philosophy, conveyed through dialogue which,
by a consistent looseness of diction and a gen-
eral wistfulness of tone, aspires to be poetry.
Play Production has made the best of the bad
bargain. Oren Parker's set succeeds admirably
in creating the required atmosphere of mixed
fact and fantasy on Mr. Anderson's symbolic
mountain. Mr. Windt has given pace to what

It Seems To Me
Among recently proposed policies is
the suggestion that the United States
should turn its back on Europe, and
that we should limit our international
attention to Central and South
I am against the first proposal, but
that is a long argument which can
be carried on later. I am wholly in
favor of closer relations and a more
intimate acquaintance with our
neighbors. Secretary Hull and Presi-
dent Roosevelt have done an excellent I
job in the matter of reconciling the
Latins of the local map who lie down
under. But it seems to me that this
should be supplemented by the news-
papers of the United States.
Traveling columnists quite fre-
quently do pieces on the harbrr of
Rio and the night life of Buenos Aires.
And Mexico is not exactly neglected
in our news columns. And yet it
seems to me that we are insufficiently
educated. Ecuador, for instance, is
merely a green splotch in the atlas
as far I'm concerned. Perhaps it's
pink. The fault may well be my own.
All I know is what I read in the maga-
zine sections 'of the Saturday and
Sunday newspapers.
Bolivia and Paraguay waged a war,
but for the life of me I could not tell
the issue upon which the conflict
hinged. Possibly neither Paraguay
nor Bolivia could. Still, I would have
appreciated having had a shot of it.
The Itch For Wisdom
The politics of the Southern Hem-
isphere are undoubtedly complicated.
They may be cross-hatched by as
many lanes as intersect the New Deal.
And even so, I think it is an error of
newspaper judgment to have our own
papers play up the backstairs gossip
of Rumania and leave out all the top
soil of Peru. As things stand now,
many of the South American coun-
tries feel a closer kinship with Ger-
many or Italy than with the United
States. It must be that we are stupid
to allow our first cousins to be cut
away from us in that manner.
The remedy lies with our press and
radio rather than with our govern-
ment. Specifically, I think that there
should be something similar to the
Rhodes Scholarship set up. And even
more important there might well be,
after the university precedent, an ex-
change of newspaper men whereby
American reporters would go rolling
down to Rio, and Brazilian girls and
boys would come here to cover our tall
buildings, night clubs and Congress-
Decidedly I nominate myself as
one receptive candidate. Nothing
would give me greater joy than to
start columns beginning, "Lima,"
"Montivideo" or "Quito." Quite palp-
ably I am not the type. Of Spanish
I have none, and it is extremely
doubtful whether I will ever learn
any more than the minimum require-
ment imposed by the United States
Work In Other Lands
According, to a sergeant from "the
halls of Montezuma" all one needs on
foreign service is an acquaintance
with three phrases. He listed them as
"How much?" "Give me a plate of
ham and eggs" and 'Do you love me,
kid?" I think I could get by with
no more than two of the three essen-
tials. The price of commodities has
never seemed to me to be very im-
Nevethereless, when younger and
better men are sent I will make no
protest. I am arguing for a principle
rathen than a cruise. The propagan-
da of Mussolini and of Hitler already
begins to ascend the Amazon. We
have a good story to tell on our own

account, and it should not go by de-
In fact, I am minded to make an
extremely practical suggestion to the
State Department in Washington. If
the responsibility for closer South
American relations were mine I would
not name any of the brilliant career
men in the government service. Nor
would I pick a newspaper man.
My choice as an itinerant ambas-
sador of good will to Latin America
would be Jack Dempsey. After all,
Luis Firpo, of the Argentine, smashed
him through the ropes and he even-
tually knocked out the "Wild Bull of
the Pampas." This should establish
the beginning of wisdom and assure
mutual respect and admiration.
Judith, similarly exaggerated her de-
William Halstead and William Rice,
as the two representatives of the civ-
ilization next to fall to ruins, were
very effective. The minor roles were
consistently well-played.
The one significant fact which has
come out of Play Production's sea-
son so far, is the unquestionable su-
periority of Norman Rosten's "Thi
Proud Pilgrimage," over the the-
atrical hits imported from New York.
The fact that Play Production i
forced, by the conditions under which
it now operates, to expend its talentt
on guaranteed succ esses, no matter
what their quality, akes the need

private homes and wish to attend the d
Installation Banquet at the League c
must leave their names and the v
amount for the ticket at the League
Desk before Saturday. They will be
included in the Ann Arbor Indepen- o
dent group. 8
Exhibitions 3
Exhibition, College of Architecture: m
Examples of engraving, typography, T
printing in black-and-white and w
color, details in the manufactring b
of a book, and details in the design
and make-up of a magazine. Shown
thro'igh the courtesy of The Lakeside P
Press, R. R. Donnelley & Sons Com- E
pany, Chicago. Ground floor cases, G
Architectural Building. Open daily p
9 to 5, through April 7. The public b
is cordially invited.-l
University Lecture: Dr. Knut Lund- m
mark, Director of the Observatory of R
the University, Lund, Sweden, t ill i
give an illustrated lecture with lan- b
tern slides on "Distance Indicators
and the Scale of the External Uni-
verse" on Thursday, March 31, at 8 a
p.m. in Natural Science Auditorium
under the auspices of the Depart-
ment of Astronomy. The public is TI
cordially invited. -w
Prof. Howard S. Ellis will give the
fourth lecture of the series sponsoredM
by the Deutscher Verein on Thurs-
day afternoon at 4:15 p.m. in Room g
2003 Angell Hall. His topic is: "Erin- s
nerungen an Wien." Everybody in- t
terested is invited to attend. i
University Lecture: Gunnar As-
plund, Professor of Architecture at
the Stockholm Institute of Tchnol- 6
ogy, will give an illustrated lecture,
with slides, on "Swedish Architecture wl
Since 1920; Its Problems and Trends" e
on Friday, April 1, at 4:15 p.m. ine
Natural Science Auditorium under
the auspices of the College of Archi-
tecture. The public is cordially in- t
vited. b
University Lecture: Professor Va-
clav Hlavaty of the Karl University,
Prague, will lecture on Friday, April
1, at 4:15 p.m., in Room 3011 Angell m
Hall on the subject, "New algorithms l
in differential geometry of projective A
curved spaces." f
Chemistry Lecture, Dr. E. Rabino- t
witch, of University College, London,
formerly of Gottingen, will present a
lecture on "Kinetics of Some Photo- 2
chemical Reactions and the Photo- 1
chemistry of Chlorophyll," under the b
auspices of the U. of M. Section of a
the American Chemical Society, on
Friday, April 1, at 4:15 p.m., in Roomi
303 Chemistry Building. S
University Lecture: Dr. Oskar Mor- 'l
genstern, Professor of Economics, at
the University of Vienna, will lecture
on "Social Science in Europe" ont
Monday, April 4, in Natural Science r
Auditorium at 4:15 p.m., under the g'
auspices of the Department of Ec- A
onomics. The public is cordially in--
University Lecture: Dr. Robert 1
Freiherr von Heine-Geldern, of the R
University of Vienna, will give an il- d
lustrated lecture on "The Pre-Budd- t
histic Art of China and Indo-China p
and its Influence in the Pacific," on
Tuesday, April 5, in Natural Science
Auditorium at 4:15 p.m., under the n
auspices of the Institute of Fine Arts.b
The public is cordially invited. c
Public Lecture: "The Artistic Rela-
tions Between China and Persia" byu
Dr. M. Aga-Oglu. Illustrated with
slides. Sponsored by the Researchc
Seminary in Islamic Art. Monday,
April 4, 4:15, in Room D, Alumnie
Memorial Hall. Admission free.

Events Today d
University Broadcast, Thursday, 3- t
3:30 p.m. Amateur Theatre Series. r
Topic: Problems of the High Schoola
Stage. Frederic O. Crandall, Teach-
ing Fellow in Speech and Generalt
4:45-5 p.m. University Carillonk
Concert, Wilmot Pratt, Carillonneur.
The Psychological Journal Clubk
will meet at '7:30 p.m. today in Room
1121 Natural Science Bldg. Dr. Ed-
ward Raney of the Institute of Hu-
man Adjustment will discuss Electro-
encephalography. All those interest-
ed are cordially invited to attend.
The International Relations Clubk
s oo Lecture Nets
$250 For Chinese
Z .Proceeds from the lectureiby Dr.
sT. Z. Koo totalled $250, leaving $750
r yet to be collected in the $1000 cam-
d pus drive for funds to aid students in

(Continued from Page 2)

Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
University. Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President
0 ntii 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.

'ill meet on Thursday evening at
:30 at the Michigan League. Stu-
ents who are interested in discussing
urrent international affairs are in-
ited to be present.
Scimitar: There will be a meeting
f Scimitar in the Union tonight at-
o'clock. All members are expected
o be present.
Cercle Francais:. There will be a
eeting of the Cercle Francais
'hursday at 8 at the League. There
rill be a musical program. All mem-
ers are urged to attend.
Engineering Mechanics Seminar:
rofessor J. Ormondroyd, "Vibration
ampers" with demonstration. Lloyd
. Berryman, "Fatigue of Metals in
ress-Fit Assemblies." Refreshments
etween the papers. Meeting prompt-
y at 4:15 p.m. today. Room 312West
:ngineering Annex.
Scabbard and Blade: Important
neeting tonight at 7:30 p.m. in the
.O.T.C. class room in the Engineer-
ng Annex. All active members must
e present.
Crop and Saddle ride Today: Meet
t 5 o'clock at Barbour Gym.
Men's Glee Club: Regular rehearsal
'hursday evening, 7:30. The club
ill sing for the Union Open House
ater on in the evening.
Radio Club will meet Thursday,
Aarch 31, in Room 323 of the Michi-
an Union. Stocker Sturgeon will de-
cribe the Ann Arbor Police radio sys-
em. After the meeting the club will
nspect the station. Everyone is in-
"High Tor" Only a few seats still
vailable at the box office. Phone
300. Play Production presents Max-
tell Anderson's modern poetic com-
dy tonight, Fridayeand Saturday
venings at the Mendelssohn Theatre.
Swimming, Women Students: Due
o the Union Open House, there will
e no swimming for women at the
nion Pool on Thursday evening.
Coming Events
Mr. H. B. Allen will speak on "Se-
mantics" at the meeting of the Eng-
ish Journal Club, Friday afternoon,
kpril 1, at 4 p.m., in the League. The
aculty, guests, and members are in-
ited to attend and to participate in
he discussion.
The Outdoor Club: Saturday, April
Canoeing. Meet at Lane Hall at
:45. All students and faculty mem-
ers who like to canoe are invited to
Sunday, April 3. Bicycle Breakfast
n cooperation with the Campus Bike
hop. Meet at the Campus Bike Shop
t 8 a.m. Make reservations by Sat-
irday noon by calling 3035.
The Graduate Outing Club will go
o Camp Newkirk on Sunday after-
noon for hiking and supper. The
roup will meet at Lane Hall at 2:45.
Al1 graduate students are welcome.
International Party: Foreign stu-
ents are reminded that the second
game party will be held at 8 p.m. in
Room 316, Michigan Union, on F$-
lay, April 1. American students in-
erested in the International Council
program are invited.
Roger Williams Guild at 8 p.m. to-
morrow will hold its last open house
before Spring Vacation. Detective
caps will be in order on April 22.
Physical Education for Women:
Registration for the outdoor season
will take place on Friday, April 1
from 8 to 12 and 1:30 to 4:30, and
Saturday, April 2 from 8 to 12. All
students taking required physical
education should register at this time.

Badminton Test: Any woman stu-
dent wishing to take the badminton
test should report at. Barbour Gym-
nasium on Friday, April 1 between 3
and 5:30 p.m.
Riding Test: Students wishing to
take the riding test should leave their
name and telephone number at Bar-
bour Gymnasium, Office 15, and be
ready to ride at 4:15 on Monday,
April 4. Riders should meet at Bar-
bour Gymnasium (main entrance)
and tests will be given even though
the weather may be inclement.
Congress. All Independent Men who
wish to compete in the all-campus
swim meet at the Intramural pool
this evening at 7:30 p.m. may do so
by registering during the day at con-
gress' office in Room 306 of the
Union from 3:30 to 5:30 pm. or by
signing up at the bulletin board at
the Intramural building. Each mem-
ber of a winning district will receive
an award as well as each individual
winner. The events will include a
200 yard free style relay, 50 yard
breast stroke, 50 yard free style, 220
yard free style, 50 yard back stroke,

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