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March 30, 1938 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-03-30

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ra Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan yynder the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
V it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
4 second class .mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$400; by mail, $4.50.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1937-38
NationaiAdvertiingService, Inc.
College Publishers Representative'
Board of Editors
Business Department
It is important for society to avoid the
neglect of adults, but positively dangerous
for it to thwart the ambition of youth to
reform the world. Only the schools which
act on this belief are educational institu-
tions in the best meaning of the term.
- Alexander G. Ruthven
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Thwarted . ..
has recently found a new way in
which to spend part of its 150 million dollar
Raymond B. Fosdick, president of the Founda-
tion, reported in his annual statement, that more
than nine million dollars were spent in 1937 to
assist in breaking down the boundaries of knowl-
edge. According to Mr. Fosdick, the work of the
Foundation is becoming more difficult because
of the new international barriers raised against
Intellectual research cannot go forward in
areas where trenches and truncheons hold sway.
War may develop new poison gases but it also
means the disintegration of creative scholarship.
And war's little brother, the totalitarian state,
with its attendant censorship and suppression
means the corruption of intellectual liberty and
its replacement with the ideas of the Leader.
"Objective scholarship is possible only where
thought is free," Mr. Fosdick continued, "and
freedom can exist only where there is tolerance,
only where there are no 'keep out' signs against
the inquisitive and questioning mind."
We wonder what Mr. Fosdick and the Rocke-
feller Foundation think of the announcement,
from Germany that the new university in Berlin
will be named in honor of that great scholar,
Adolf Hitler.
Leonard Schleider
Peace ..
along the labor front they play the
old game in the old way. Necessity-enforced
ideals of collective bargaining disappear as pros-
perity fades and, with the industrial disputes of
1937 barely over, the overture is being played to
new industrial warfare. In 1938 the businessmen
who last year acquiesced to collective bargain-
ing but kept their corporate fingers crossed

clench their fists and pronounce the truce with
labor ended.
From two key industries and from both coasts
of the country come significant dispatches,
threats that apply the law of force to labor dis-
putes. The economy of the United States is pass-
ing beyond such atavistic law; unless the spirit of
collective security becomes a part of our indus-
trial thinkiag, on both sides the government must
step in to protect the nation.
Business follows no such lines now. Walking
warily, enjoined from pursuing the traditional
union smashing tactics of firing and discrimina-
tion, new methods are evolving. Corporations
with many plants scattered throughout the
country have a new weapon, the threat of re-
moving production and creating unemployment
unless demands for wage cuts are met.
Akron, former capital of the rubber goods in j
dustry whose payrolls have shrunk from 40,000
to 25,000 in the last two years has been one city to
feel its force. Now it faces the loss of 5,000 more
oh a the B F. Goodrich Co. threatens to move

such pressure at this time. Akron is plastered
with placards reading "Keep Goodrich in Akron."
The union vote which was to have defied the com-
pany's longer hours and lower pay proposals
has been indefinitely postponed. This week the
Akron Firestone plant is to hold an election to
determine whether John L. Lewis' rubber workers
union or the Firestone Employe's Protective As-
sociation is to be the bargaining agent. Good-
rich has announced that they will make no an-
nouncement of policy until this election is over.
The pressure is on. In Akron, as in Austria, they
are holding a plebiscite and the results should
run pretty nearly the same.
But when business conditions improve, and
from all over the nation is heard the deep baying
of the industrialist in economic clover, then the
results of such policies will be felt in industrial
hatred. The Akron Rubber Workers will not
forget the humiliation they are now going
through, they will not forget being spiked on
the ground.
But let those who threaten see the conse-
quences of their threats. The Wagner Act and
collective bargaining is an integral part of the
nation's thinking and continued irreconcilable
feuding will mean government intervention: It
was so in the case of the railroads and realism
bids business read the handwriting. The Wagner
Act cannot be knifed. The choice is clear-
business must settle its labor problems under the
new law or stand by and watch the government
restore industrial peace.
Jack Davis.
On The Way Oui t .
THE IMPORTANCE of American for-
eign policy in indirectly determining
the course of world events becomes more appar-
ent almost from day to day. And the necessity
for altering that policy to conform with the in-
terests of the nation becomes correspondingly
more imperative.
America's primary interest in the field of for-
eign affairs is in the maintenance of peace. Few
will dispute the danger in which the peace of the
world and of America rests while the open ag-
gressions of Germany and Italy against weaker
nations continue to provoke Europe. The two
fascist nations are jrimarily engaged at present
in a drive to annihilate the resistance of Loyalist
Spain. If they are permitted to succeed in erect-
ing a satellite state in Spain they will move on
to new conquests with renewed prestige and con-
tempt for the decadent democracies. The hands
of France will be effectively tied, Great Britain's
attitude will be rendered more indecisive than
ever, and the U.S.S.R. will be forced to prepare
to defend itself.
The people of Spain are near the end of their
capabilities. They have succumbed to the su-
periority of machinery over men which is the
characteristic of modern war, and which gives
the control of states or continents, as Capt. Lid-
dell Hart has said, "to any gang of physical
or moral degenerates' 'who become possesed of
the necessary weapons.
The nation most immediately threatened by
the imminent Loyalist collapse is France. France,
with a Socialist Premier and a Popular Front
government, needs only to open her frontiers to
the prompt shipment of airplanes and artillery
in order to restore the balance of the war. But
Franco has thus far found herself unable to
take decisive action because of the fear that the
temporary depletion of French arsenals which
would result from sending reinforcements of ma-
terial to Spain might leave France in a weakened
condition if a general war should break out, a
consideration always foremost in the minds of the
French general staff and government.
If France were assured of a source of arma-
ments with which to quickly replenish her mili-
tary stores, there is little doubt that the assist-
ance Spain desperately requires would be forth-
An important force that is holding France
back is the American Neutrality Act, which for-
bids shipment of munitions to nations at war, but
which permits Germany and Italy to buy bombs
in the United States for Barcelona and Madrid.
If the Neutrality Act were repealed, it would
not only give Loyalist Spain access to American
munitions which are now used exclusively by the
Rebels, but it would open the way for the im-

mediate French aid which has now become essen-
tial to the salvation of the Spanish Republic.
Joseph Gies.
T h e Edit
Gets Told...
OK; Let's Begin
To the Editor:
The Daily Editor said in an article on educa-
tion, "There is nothing so damning to American
education as our docile acceptance of it."
There seems to me little doubt that much of
our world today turns out to be this Michigan
campus; and that there is much evidence of
docile acceptance. OK, let's begin.
As astounding as it may seem I and a lot of
others survived the courses Economics 51 and 52.
They were pitifully weak in inspiration, utterly
lacking in fertile ideas and what is more tragic,
they were as blinding and'illusionary as a Lon-
don fog. ,These words are not at all bold.
I've heard many insist the same in much bolder
In the first place we were trapped. The
courses are mis-named the "Principles of Eco-
nomics" which is a sloppy way of saying "Prin-
ciples of Economic Theory." We don't want
theory as much as we want and need to see our
economic habitat-the place in which we will
have to live after the four year inoculation.
Certainly it is paradoxical that we had to put

Iifecim'to Me
Heywood Broun
Jonah keeps coming up. Of all the prophets
he appears to be the most popular. It could be
pointed out that 1937 was certainly Jonah's year
and he may win 1938 as well.
The strength of this seafaring man lies in the
fact that, even in the case of the whale, rejec-
tion implied no lack of merit.
Only the other day Jonah
made the headlines through
the efforts of a local preach-
er. The clergyman in ques-
tion undertook to prove the
authenticity of the great ad-
venture. And in reading the
report of the Jonah sermon
I was reminded that Clar-
ence Darrow used the story
of this stowaway to break the heart of William
Jennings Bryan. Under a pitiless cross-exami-
nation the commoner was compelled to admit
that maybe it was not a whale. Still Mr.
Bryan did hold put for a big fish, and in this
respect he could not be moved or shaken.
The preacher, who has just brought up the
name of Jonah, undertook to win his case the
hard way. Not only did he maintain the literal
fidelity of the Old Testament tale, but he quoted
from the Literary Digest to prove that one Bart-
lett, an Australian, had gone through a similar
experience within the last decade.
Unfortunately I did not catch this account of
Bartlett and the belly of the whale in the Digest.
Possibly it was obscured by the poll which dem-
onstrated that Landon would win by a landslide.
* * * * .
The One And Only Jonah
Yet, in any case, I doubt the wisdom of the
parson's tactic. As a Jonah fan I am jealous of
his fame. Any good, clean fundamentalist can
swallow Jonah whole, but it is too much to add
Bartlett, the Australian, as an entree. One
should get up from the table of miracles still
feeling a little hungry.
I respect His Majesty's colonials, and I have
every faith that a functioning whale could keep
an Australian on his stomach.
And Jonah is quite secure in the minds of men,
for the skeptics accept him readily enough by
sprinkling a few grains of symbolism on his
The Freudians have an extremely pat inter-
pretation of the entire business. At the moment
I forget the precise details, but I assume that the
whale, for a time at least, was decidedly in-
* * *I *
His 4'Iodrn Application
Every age and, indeed, every year has its place
for Jonah. To me he seems much more an
historical figure. To the very life he is the mod-
ern liberal. And surely he stands first and fore-
most among all those who have endeavored to
bore from within.
Moreover, Jonah was and is faithful to the
technique of the isolationists if I understand
their point of view. As far as I can gather, this
sect contends that if you wish to demolish a mon-
ster you must, without struggle or protest, per-
mit him to swallow you. Indeed, some of the
more passionate isolationists insist upon jump-
ing down the throat of the whale. It is their
notion that, like an army, liberalism must travel
on its belly.
And yet I wonder whether they do not betray
the tradition of the prophet. It is recorded in
the second chapter of the Book of Jonah that he
was by no means dormant while within the
whale. He was no neutral. On the contrary he
protested and prayed "valiantly. He shouted
aloud and said, "Yet I will look again."
And eventually Jonah came to dry land, but
not until he had cried with a mighty, though
slightly muffled voice, "They that observe lying
vanities forsake their own mercy."
a pin factory to take the place of men. The

cost of making pins is lowered. Presently com-
petition (a sacred God) lowers the price of pins
as the machine is generally adopted. Therefore
house wives have more money to spend for silk
stockings. Factories making stockings employ
more help and no unemployment results." Q.E .:
And all this was what? It was mis-direction
of a criminal sort. It was saying to us, and it
was said in effect many times, "--don't look at
the ten million unemployed but look at what
might happen if men were "Economic Men," (in
the land of fancy!), and in the long run--Supply
and Demand were equal and prices would repre-
sent true value of the goods and the law of one
price prevailed-etc.-etc.-etc."
It was not only economics in reverse, but edu-
cation hind-end first. And it still is. If educa-
tors cannot seethrough to men standing in the
bread line--and talk from the ground "up" (if
they must go up), then do not let them hang
out their shingle as educators..
In Economics 51 and 52 we were not told that
the competitive system was not self corrective;
that there was such a thing as over-production
and under-consumption; that when prices are
"too high" consumers have not the information
to discriminate. We were not told that the pro-
duction of automobiles fell 80 per cent while their
price fell only 18 per cent. ,We were not told
that 75 per cent of the 48 million gainful workers
were dependent on someone else to give them a
job. We were not told that unemployment meas-
ured the ever-increasing maladjustment in our
system. We were not shown that labor was us-
ually given the commodity approach, rather than
the human approach, nor that because labor can
organize and complain, business wants as little
of labor as possible. We were not shown that
it may be profitable for employers to fire laborers,
and cut off their income. No one told us how

University Symphony
Thor Johnson, Conductor
Joseph Brinkman, Pianist
Wednesday, 8:30 p.m.
Bach .......Prelude and Fugue in E
minor (Transcribed by T.
Beethoven ....Concerto for Piano
No. 4 in G major.
Brahms......Symphony No. 2 in
D major.
As a iule, when we have discussed
programskto be heard, our comments
have taken the form of detached
"notes" on each of the individual
items on the program. This approach
to writing "program notes" is at
once the easiest and most obvious,
because it requires no extended, uni
fled treatment of material. It is al-
ways easier to assemble a few facts
concerning a given composition and
characterize it with a few over-bur-
dened adjectives and adverbs than
to treat that composition as an or-
ganic part of the program in its en-
tirety-even though there is still a
great range here for the proper se-
lection of pertinent points, a selec-
tion in which must be kept in mind
the specific group for which one is
writing as well as the subject of the
notes. We have always tried to pre-
sent our ideas in readable form and
as free as possible from an over-
abundance of confusing technical
data, but we do not believe that it is
possible to serve our artistic aims
and at the same time pamper the
musical indolence of a large, general
public; therefore we have addressed
ourselves to the interested and in-
telligent few, musically speaking,
rather than to the indifferent or
mildly interested many.
But there is a more unavoidable
reason why the item-by-item method
of program annotating is regularly
used by all commentators: often it
is the only possible approach. Why?
Because so many programs in them-
selves constitute not a unified, or-
ganic whole, but a mere assemblage
and juxtaposition of diverse musical
works. Observe the programs of most
singers, who, through a downright
lack of taste or through a perverted
notion of "pleasing the public," must
sing' something from every musical
period, every nationality, every school
of composition-this regardless of
whether or not certain compositions
are suitable to their vocal abilities,
personalities, a n d interpretative
styles, and regardless of whether or
not there is a sense of relationship
and cohesion between the various
Too, we sometimes have programs
in which the individual items may
differ superficially but are essentially
so much alike as to produce mon-
otony. Where one or two extended,
grandly developed compositions are
concerned it is not hard to endure
one prevailing style through a whole
program, but with a variety of short-
er works, causing a constant rise and
fall-in interest and emotional inten-
sity, there is a much greater need for
more frequent variety of style. Pro-
grams of the latter type can, of
course, be discussed in almost any
fashion, preferably en bloc. But those
of the other, the over-varied type,
cannot. And, as the latter is by far
the more frequent, owing to the pre-
vailing conception among so many
artists that variety is the spice of
art (which they forget is not show-
manship), then often there is not
much for the annotator to do but to
fall back on the "This undelightful
tuba septet was composed in 1891
when Bach was a cigar-maker in
Singapore" sort of thing.
So at last, after the manner of
British wrtiers, we come to the point.
Fortunately there are some programs

heard occasionally that achieve that
rara avis in art-the "happy medium"
-in this case between the two ex-
treme styles outlined before. Today
we have as the text for our medita-
tions one of these programs, de-
scribed above, and one which to our
mind comes as near being the per-
feet program of its type as any we
have seen.
To be more specific, the program
comprises compositions by Bach,
Beethoven, and Brahms, the three
men whom von Bulow grouped to-
gether in a trite but significant
phrase as the "three B's of classic-
ism." Each work is the product of
an original, powerful, and distinct
musical genius, yet all three exempli-
fy the same creative approach-an
approach serious but not solemn; in-
tense but not romantically passion-
ate; light-hearted, optimistic at
times, but never frivolous, dramatic
without being theatrical, observing
the loftiest ideals of pure, un-pro-
grammatic music. All three are
wrought with a similar degree of
technical mastery, and have in com-
mon a certain terseness of expres-
sion and compactness of form. All
three are inherently classical rather
than romantic, are definite links in
the continuous chain of music's de-
velopment, but each possesses certain
elements of freedom and uniqueness
that proclaims it romantic and mod-
ern in the freest sense. Exemplifica-
tion would be easy, did space permit

Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
University. Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President
until 3:30, 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.

ii 1

(Continued from age 2)Y
requirements as to traveling or loca-
Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information, 2011
Mason Hall. Office Hours: 9-12t
and 2-4.
Students of the College of Litera-
ture, Science and the Arts: A meet-
ing will be held on Wednesday, March
30, at 4:15 p.m. in 255 W. Engineer-
ing Bldg. for students in the Colleget
of Literature, Science, and the Arts
and others interested in future work
in engineering. There will be an in-
formal discussion of the profession
with Dean H. C. Anderson of the Col-
lege of Engineering as chairman. l
Biological Station: Application forY
admission for the coming summer
session should be in my office before
April 15 when all applications will be
reviewed. An announcement describ-
ing courses offered can be obtained atf
the Office of the Summer Session or1
from the Director. ApplicationsC
should be made on forms which can
be secured at Room 1119 Nat. Sci.
from 4 to 6 p.m. daily, or at Roomt
3089 Nat. Sci. from 8 to 4 daily.
George R. LaRue, Director.
Students of the College of Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts: A meet-
ing will be held on Thursday, Marcht
31, at 4:15 p.m. in the University
High School Auditorium for studentsP
of thme College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts and others interested in
future work in the profession of
The meeting will be addressed by
Dean J. B. Edmonson of the School1
of Education. The next talk in this1
vocational series willbe given by Miss
Marian Durell of the School of Nurs-
ing on Tuesday, April 5.k
Academic Notices
Economics 173: Due to Chemical
Engineering field trip, the sections
will not meet on Friday, April 1.
Bring practice sets to first meeting
of class in the following week.
R. P. Briggs.-
English 2 and English 32 Assistant
Professor Kenneth Rowe will not
meef his classes today.
Political Science 68. The class will
not meet .today, but will mneet on Fri-
day for lecture instead of discussion.
Political Science 166 will not meet
University Symphony Orchestra
Concert: The University Symphonyt
Orchestra, Thor Johnson, conductor,4
with. Joseph Brinkman, pianist, as
soioist, will give a concert under thec
auspices of the University School of
Music Wednesday evening, March 30,1
at 8:30, in Hill: Auditorium, to which
the general public is invited without
admission char.ge. For obvious rea-
sons small children will not be ad-
mitted; and the public is requested
to be seated on time.
Exhibition, College of Architecture:
Examples of engraving, typography,'
printing. in black-and-white and
color, details in the manufacturing
of a book, and details in the design
and make-up of a magazine. Shown
thro', ghthe courtesy of The Lakeside
Press, R. R. Donnelley & Sons Com-
pany, Chicago. Ground floor cases,
Architectural Building. Open daily
9 to 5, through April 7. The public
is cordially invited.
University Lecture: Dr. Knut Lund-1
mark, Director of the Observatory of

the University, Lund, Sweden, will
give an illustrated lecture with lan-
tern slides on "Distance Indicators
and the Scale of, the External Uni-
verse" on Thursday, March 31, at 8
p.m. in Natural Science Auditorium
under the auspices of the Depart-
ment of Astronomy. The public is'
cordially invited.'
Prof. Howard S. Ellis will give the
fourth lecture of the series sponsored
by the Deutscher Verein on Thurs-
day afternoon at 4:15 p.m. in Room
2003 Angell Hall. His topic is: "Erin-
of Beethoven and the full-blooded,
mellow - Brahmsian depth of expres-
sion. Between the hint of pathetic
struggle in the Bach and the gay
vivacity of the Beethoven Finale, the
vernal optimism of Brahms' Allegret-
Perhaps. some would argue that
this is not variety enough, that all
three of the works are too "heavy,,
and important to be included togeth-
er as one program. Deems Taylor,
speaking during the Philharmonic
broadcastseveraltSundays agorcom-
tpared the perfect musical program
with the perfect meal-with its ap-
petizers, salads, and desserts as well
as the piece de resistance. It is a very
- neat comnaison .and :mmrfie.fn11

nerungen an Wien." Everybody in-
terested is invited to attend.
University Lecture: Gunnar As-
plunt, Professor of Architecture at
the Stockholm Institute of Tachnol-
ogy, will give an illustrated lecture,
with slides, on "Swedish Architecture
Since 1920; Its Problems and Trends"
on Friday, April 1, at 4:15 p.m. in
Natural Science Auditorium under
the auspices of the College of Archi-
tecture. The public is cordially in-
University Lecture: Professor Va-
clav Hlavaty of the Karl University,
Prague, will lecture on Friday, April
1, at 4:15 p.m., in Room 3011 Angell
Hall on the subject, "New algorithms
in differential geometry of projective
curved spaces."
Chemistry Lecture, Dr. E. Rabino-
witch, of University College, London,
formerly of Gottingen, will present a
lecture on "Kinetics of Some Photo-
chemical Reactions and the Photo-
chemistry of Chlorophyll," under the
auspices of the U. of M. Section of
the American Chemical Society, on
Friday, April 1, at 4:15 p.m., in Room
303' Chemistry Building.
University Lecture: Dr. Oskar Mor-
genstern, Professor of Economics, at
the University of Vienna, will lecture
on "Social Science in Europe" on
Monday, April 4, in Natural Science
Auditorium at 4:15 p.m., under the
auspices of the Department of Ec-
onomics. The public is cordially in-
University Lecture: Dr. Robert
Freiherr ,on Heine-Geldern, of the
University of Vienna, will give an il-
lustrated lecture on "The Pre-Budd-
histic Art of China and Indo-China
and its Influence in the Pacific," on
Tuesday, April 5, in Natural Science
Auditorium at 4:15 p.m., under the
auspices of the Division of Fine Arts.
The public is cordially invited.
Public Lecture: "The Artistic Rela-
tions Between China and Persia" by
Dr. M. Aga-Oglu. Illustrated with
slides. Sponsored by the Research
Seminary in Islamic Art. Monday,
April 4, 4:15, in Room D, Alumni
Memorial Hal. Admission free.
Events Today
University Broadast, Wednesday,
3-3:30 p.m. Class in Stage and Radio
Diction, taught by G. E. Densnore,
Associate Professor of Speech. .
La Sociedad Hispanica will present
the fifth lecture in its series today at
4:15 p.m. in 1025 Angell Hall. Pro-
fessor Arthur S. Aiton will lecture
(in English) on "The Spanish Con-
quistador." Admission by ticket on-
ly. All members are urged to attend.
Seminar in Physical Chemistry will
meet in Room 122 Chemistry Build-
ing today at 4:15 p.m. Mr. Norman
Bauer will speak on "Magnetochem-
Luncheon for Graduate Students
today at 12 o'clock in the Russian
Tea Room of the Michigan Leagu.
Cafeteria service. Miss Sarah Chakko,
graduate of the University of Madras,
India, will speak informally on "The
Present Political Situation in India."
Botanical Seminar meets today at
4:30 p.m., Room 1139, N.S. Bldg.
Paper by C. A. Arnold, "Studies of the
Devonian flora of Northern Penn-
sylvania and Southern New York."
A.S.C.E. The annual spring initia-
tion banquet and joint meeting with
the Detroit Section of the American
Society of Civil Engineers will be held
tonight at 6:30 p.m. at the Michigan
Capt. W. H. Adams from Detroit
will be the principle speaker.

The Freshmen Glee Club will meet
Wednesday at 4:30. The Varsity Glee
Club has invited the Freshmen Club
to its rehearsal Thursday evening at
7:45. Important business will be dis-
cussed at the time.
University Girls' Glee Club: There
will be a regular meeting tonight at
the League at 7:15. All members
must be present.
Harris Hall: There wlil be a cele-
bration of the Holy Communion at
7:15 a.m. this morning in the chppel.
The Student Starvation Luncheon
will be held at noon. All Episcopal
students and their friends - are . cor-
dially invited.
"Sorrow:" Tennyson's "In Memor-
iam" is to be the subject of Dr. W.
P. Lemon's fifth Lenten lecture on
"Moods of the Soul" at 7 o'clock at
the First Presbyterian Church, 1432
Washtenaw Avenue. .At .the supper,
which precedes the lecture at 6up.m.,
recognition will be made of the splen-
did work of the members of the choir
and of Prof. E. W. Doty, (Director,
who will be guests of honor.
Phi Epsilon Kappa Frateriity:


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