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March 20, 1938 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1938-03-20

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The Weather
Cloudy, showers in East, cooler
in south and central portion to-
day; tomorrow fair, warmer

Li L,

Sir' iga

Daiti

Editorials
Thinking
The Emancipation
Of Swing . .

VOL. XLVII. No. 123

AIlq ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MARCH 20, 1938

PRICE FIVE

U

Michigan
Gets First'
In Relays,

Gives Loud Lectures

Scores In Ten
Events; 401/
Garnered In
Lash Misses

Of Eleven
Points Are
5th Win
Mark

/

In 3,000 Meters
frDIANAPOLIS, Ind., March 19.-
(Special to The Daily)-Michigan's
track team re-affirmed and duplicat-
ed its Westetn Conference supremacy
in the sixth Butler relays carniva]
here tonight!, winning the University
team title for the fifth straight yea
with a total of 40%/2 points.
Balance again proved a winning
formula for Coach Charlie Hoyt's
Wolverines as they placed in every
event but one, the high jump, in
which Michigan had no entries.
Michigan had one relay winner, the
two-mile team, and an individual
winner as Bill Watson 'broke his own
shot put record with a throw of 51
feet 2 2 inches.
The Wolverine medley relay team
again placed second to Indiana in
record time. The four-mile team
took a third and the mile team a
fourth as Pittsburgh, with Long John
Woodruff, won the coveted mile title
held by Michigan.
Harry Woodstra, of Michigan State,
and Michigan's Elmer Gedeon, pro-
vided the meet's biggest thrill in the
61 yaid high hurdles as the Spartan
Ace won in a photo-finish in 7.4 sec-
onds. That time tied the relay and
"best listed mark" of Purdu5s Ken
Sandbach, although off the :73.3 by
Allan Tolmich of Wayne at New York
two weeks ago.
Two other carnival records were
broken, both by Indiana teams as
they reversed their Big Ten showing
to finish second in the team stand-
ing;
The Hoosier medley relay team,
pressed, by Michigan, as at Illinois
two weeks ago when they established
a "best listed mark of 10:15, won in
10:16.8 and the four-mile team lapped
its field to win. in 17:36.8."
Michigan's two mile team of Jes-
ter, Hogan, Buchanan and Davidson,
won on the strength of a last-lap
kick by Davidson to finish in 7:46.4.
Michigan had other placers, as Bill
(Continued on Page 7)I
Beak Selected
Academy Head
For Next Year
43rd Annual Meet Elects
Hunt As Vice-President;
Others Are Reelected
The Michigan Academy of Science,
Arts and Letters closed its 43rd an-
uual meeting here yesterday by elect-
ing Prof. Arthur E. R, Boak, chair-
man of the history department, presi-
dent for the 1939 meeting. Dr. H. R.
Hunt; professor in the zoology de-
partment at Michigan State College,
was named vie-president.
The other officers for the 1938
meeting were reelected: Prof. Leigh
J. Young of the forestry school will
again serve as secretary; Prof. E. C.
Prophet of Michigan State College
will remain as treasurer; Prof. R. B.
Hall of the geography department
was retained as editor; and Dr. W.
W. Bishop, University Librarian, will
again be librarian for the Academy.
In the morning meeting of the
geology and mineralogy section yes-
terday, talks were given by Margaret
L. Morse, G. M. Ehlers, E. C. Brill,
David Swann, C. A. Arnold, Kenneth
W. Dow, M. W. Senstius, Frank Le-
verett and G. M. Stanley-all of the
University; others were given by A.M.
Chickering of Albion College and A.
S. Warthin, Jr., Vassar.
The botany section heard talks on
flora and plants of Michigan and
Florida. C. F. Boehler, John Rogers
and H. O. Whittemore spoke before
the landscape architecture section.

Several men from the University, W.
H. Egly. F. 0. Copley. W. E. Blake,
Bennett Weaver, C. D. Thorpe, Paul
Mueschke, C. C. Walcutt and M. L.
Williams, spoke at the language and !
literature meeting: H. F. Wilson,

Henry H. Crane
To Open Series
Of Talks Today

Scranton
Martin
Topics

Pastor Will Give
Lou1 Lectures;
War-Christianity

Dr. Henry Hitt Crane. pastor of the
Elm Park Episcopal Church, Scran-
ton,. Pa., who was selected to deliver
the 41t series of the Loud lectures
here from Monday through Wednes-
day, will speak at 10:40 a.m., today
at the Methodist Church on "Why
Christ?" /
, Hir afternoon series of talks will be
delivered at 4:15 p.m. Monday, Tues-
day and Wednesday in the Union
Ballroom on the general topic "Sanity
in a War-Mad World." Dr. Crane re-
turned last summer from a year's tour
of Europe and Asia and is an author-
ity on the foreign situation.
The evening series discussing the
question "Dare We Be Christians?"
will be given at 7:30 p.m. Monday,
Tuesday and Wednesday at the First
Methodist Church.j
The Loud Lectureship, which is ad-
ministered by the Wesleyan Guild
Corporation, was initiated in 1897
through a bequest of Henry Martin
Loud, a, retired minister. Since that
time prominent religious leaders have
been brought to the campus to lec-
ture on the general theme of "The
Evidences, History, Development and
Reasonableness of the Christian Re-
ligion."
This year's lecturer holds degrees
from Connecticut Wesleyan Univer-
sity, Boston University School of
Theology and DePauw University.
He was YMCA Service Secretary in
England and France during 1917 and
was pastor of Methodist churches in
Gorham, Mc., and Newton and Mal-
den. Mass., before going to Scranton
in 1928.
"The cowards will go to war," said
Dr. Crane at a recent Youth Con-
gress," and the really courageous
ones will say I won't kill a man.'
iMaerial Gain
Forces Pacts,
IF
Slosson Claims
Material interest, are of more im-
mediate importance than political
ideologies in determining present-day
alignments of European powers in the
opinion of Prof. Preston W. Slosson
of the history department.
Professor Slosson pointed out that
there could be few parallel interests
among the fascist states because of
their intensely nationalistic aims. The
much publicized Rome-Berlin-Tokio
axis was primarily of value as a threat
to the democracies rather than a mil-
itary alliance directed toward a com-
mon goal, he believes.
European democracies are also
united by a common fear of fascism's
increasing aggressions, he said, rather
than any sympathy with each other's
political philosophies. Well satisfied
with the territorial status quo, Pro-
fessor Slosson explained, these powers
are forced to ally themselve against
foes who profess a destiny of terri-
torial aggrandizement.
The alliance between Russia and
France. recalling the pre-war agree-
ment between Czarist Russia and Re-
publicas France, illustrates well that
political differences have been sur-
(continued on Page 2)
Detroit Police Put Down
: AniNaz iDemonratinn

Crisler Night
Preparations
Are Complete
Martineau, Dickson, Munn
To Address Crowd; Band
Is To Furnish The Music
Souvenir Program
To Be Put On Sale
Preparations for students to greet
Head Coach Fritz Crisler and his
new staff of assistants were complet-
ed last night as finishing touches
were put on the program of the Cris-
ler Night Rally to be held at 8 p.m.
tomorrow in Hill Auditorium.
All four of the new coaches, Cris-
ler, Backfield Coach Earl Martineau,
End Coach Campbell Dickson and
Line Coach Clarence Munn. will be
present and talk at the affair. A
football autographed by members of
the coaching staff and two 50-yard
line tickets to the Michigan State
football game next fall will be given
away by Sigma Delta Chi for the
program with the lucky number. The
varsity band will be present, as will
cheerleaders.
Band To Play 'Victors'
The evening will start with the
band playing' "The Victors," after
which several Michigan cheers underi
the direction of Michigan's head
cheerleader, Bob Canning, will be{
given. I
Jack Thom, '38, chairman of the
rally, will then introduce Michael
Gorman, editor of the Flint Journal,s
who will serve as master of cere-
monies. Mi'. Gorman will persent
Coach Martineau who is to speak.z
The band will play "Varsity" fol-
lowing Martineau's talk, and then
Coach Munn will talk, after whichc
there will be more yells and then a>
talk by Coach Dickson.t
To Hold Drawingc
Drawings for Sigma Delta Chi's
autographed football, and the tickets
to the Michigan State game wll next1
be held.
Coach Crisler will be introducedt
at the end of the drawing, following
the playing of the "Crisler Medley"
by 'the band. This medley is madet
up of songs .of the University of
Minnesota, the University of Chicago
and Princeton University, schools
where Crisler coached before hea
came to Michigan.1
The rally will end with more chers e
and the "The Yellow and The Blue."I
Re1hgion Topic
At Symposium
Professors To Take Part
In Lane Hall Parley
"Revealed Religion and Its Rela-
tion to the Modern Church" will be
the subject for the second Interfaith
symposium to be held at 3 p.m. today
at Lane Hall. Prof. Ruben L. Kahn
of the medical school, Prof. Phillip L.
Schenk of the English department
and Prof. Charles B. Vibbert of ther
philosophy department compose ther
faculty panel.I
Professor Kahn will represent ther
Jewish tradition, Professor Schenk
the Protestant, and Professor Vib-2
beret the Catholic in the round table
discussion which will be open for"
questions and debate from the floorv
at all times, it was announced.
"Religion on Common Ground ort
Battle Ground"'will be the subject,

of 'the third symposium to be held
March 27. It will be followed by the
discussion of "International Religionf
in the National State" on the suc-t
ceeding Sunday, the fourth .of theC
series.I

Mexico Takes
oil Property;
WalkoutEnds
Workers Return To Jobs;
Agree To Collaboration
With The Government
Foreign Interests
To Stage Defense
MEXICO CITY, Marchn19.-UP)-
Mexico's oil workers went back to
work late today "to collaborate with
the government" in operating the
country's expropriated $400,000,000
oil industry.
Workers ended a short "folded
arms strike" as 17 American and
other foreign owned companies whose
property was taken over today by the
Government mapped a legal attack
on President Lazaro Cardenas' expro-
priation decree.
A widening economic 'crisis faced
the Government as a result of exten-
sion of its "Mexico for the Mexicans"
policy.
Mining Next
New labor difficulties brought the
possibility that national expropria-
tion might be extended to include the
equally important mining industries
of Mexico.
Financial paralysis followed the
dramatic turn in Mexico's long-
smouldering oil industry dispute. The
Central Bank of Mexico suspended
all dealings in foreign exchange, and
all Mexico City banks followed suit.
President Cardenas indicated de-
valuation of the peso was considered
and called on Congress to appropriate
funds to finance the government's
newly acquired properties. The peso
was quoted yesterday at 27.75 cents.
Spokesmen for the dispossessed oil
companies said they planned an ap-
peal to a district court for an injunc-
tion against the expropriation decree
and an ultimate appeal to the Su-
preme Court against constitutionality
of the 1936 law on which the Pres-
ident based his action.
Officials Skeptical
Most oil officials were faintly skep-
tical of being able to obtain help
from the courts, however. The Su-
preme Court recently upheld an ar-
bitral wage award to oil company
workers which was the immediatel
cause of the Mexican crisis.
The award granting wage increases f
and other benefits to the industry's 1
18,000 workers would have increased1
operating costs $7,200,000, the Labor
Board held.1
Company officials maintained theirc
inability to meet the award, saying itc
would increase costs $12,000,000 ai
year. They declared 1936 profits werer
only $5,500,000.
Foreign observers believed the Pres-9
ident's action was attributable asI
much to his "Mexico for the Mex-
icans" policy as to the exigencies ofx
the conflict with the foreign-dom-
inated oil industry.
Service To Honor t
SpanishLoyalistst
Poems written in Spain will ber
read by .Kimon Friar, Grad., at a
memorial service in honor of thea
Loyalist cause to be held at 6 p.m. to-
night at the Unitarian Church.
The organ will be played by Helen t
Zbindon, '38SM, and George Finch,
'38SM, will give a violin solo. A
"fast supper," the proceeds of which
will go toward the $250 being raised
by the Progressive Club to furnish
the engine of an ambulance for

Spain, will follow the service.
Mrs. Mentor L. Williams and Mrs.
George Helm will supervise the sup-
per. Soup and crackers are being
donated by members of the church.
Cutlery and dishes will be lent by the
Wolverine.

Dead Number Over 600;
Rebels Claim Air Raids
To Have Been Justified
BARCELONA, March 19.-(AP)-A
lull in the deadly roar of Insurgent
bombers gave blood-drenched Bar-
celona a merciful, although appre-
hensive, respite today.
For the first since since Wednesday
the skies were clear of raiders.
But no one knew when they would
resume the appalling death and de-
struction wrought during two terrify-
ing days of relentless bombardment.
Stock-taking was a pitiful mission
in this somber capital of Government
Spain.
There were 640 shattered bodies,
inost of them mangled beyond iden-
tification, laid out in grotesque rows
Fuller Advises
Practical Use
For Sociology

Barcelona A Blood-Drenched
Shambles After Rebel Bombing

Declares Students Would
Rather Handle Modern
Problems Than Theory
The sociology teacher of today need
no longer hold himself out as an ex-
pert on social problems but needs to
be an expert on the "sociology of so-
cial problems," according to Prof.
Richard C. Fuller of the sociology de-
partment.
The sociology teacher must learn to
fit a general theory of social and
personal disorganization to concrete
problems, Professor Fuller said.
"But the student may well ask."
he observed, "what all this has to do
with breadlines in Detroit, with dis-
crimination against Negro students
in university communities, with ve-
nereal disease and illegitimate babies,
with the threat of fascism and war.
These are the phenomena of social
problems."
The student's interest in social
problems, Professor Fuller believes,
is an interest in what can be done
about them. "He wants to know what
solutions are feasible in the light of
what we know about present day so-
ciety, and yet we rarely tell him.
"We seldom make it clear to him
that we have such social problems as
inadequate housing, poverty, war and
race prejudice simply because some of
our people think that a certain situ-
ation is bad but they find that they1
cannot remove or correct it withou
upseting certain sacred values held}
by others and often by themselves."j
u ,
Seek To Avoid
NLIRBHeariny
IT.U., Ann Arbor Press
Meet With Lawyer
Representatives of the Ann Arbor
Press, the International Typographi-
cal Union and a National Labor Re-
lations attorney conferred here yes-
terday, but no results of the meeting
were announced. The conference
may be resumed Monday.
Harold Cranefield, NLRB lawyer,
was here in an effort to make the
Ann Arbor Press comply with the
Wagner Act, under which charges
were filed against the printing plant,
and thus eliminate the necessity of
a hearing, according to Harry A.
Reifin, ITU representative,
George Meader, counsel for the
Ann Arbor Press, Reifin, Cranefield
and George Burke, attorney, attend-
ed the conference.
The labor board in Washington has
authorized its Detroit office to issue
a complaint and hold a hearing
March 31. No NLRB complaint has
been issued yet, according to Crane-
Ai plrlTTlpncc n.e.nnln in$.i s crCanA ha

in over-taxed morgues. Only 105 had
been identified.
One doctor declared that he be-
lieved over 200 more bodies would be
discovered in wrecked buildings.
Highest estimates placed the dead
at 1,300 and injured at more than 2,-.
000 in the 13 Insurgent attacks.
More than 700 wounded, including
75 small boys and girls, were crowd-
ed into Clinic Hospital alone. Others
were treated in emergency hospitals
and sent home.
Some residential sections were de-
serted by terror-stricken families who
took to the countryside.
Many women were among the dead,
their heads crushed by fallen ma-
sonry and beams. Near their bodies
were those of 12 babies, streaks of
dried blood on "their dirt-covered
faces.
Hundreds of horror-stricken amen
and women clustered about hospital
doors. Women cried in corrilors as
they searched in vain for missing
members of their families.
.One hospital had to place mat-
tresses on the floor to care for the
wounded. Some were covered with
sheets as the injured died after ar-
riving.
United Socialist Youth organiza-
tions meanwhile called for two divi-
sions of men totalling 22,000 men.
Insurgent authorities declared thet
bombings were justified by the dis-
covery of military objectives, includ-
ing several buildings listed as storage
places.
With the absence of the raiders,
shops reopened during the day. Sub-
ways and trolleys resumed normal
operations. -
President Can,
Oust Morgan,
Experts Claim1
New Deal Lawyers Say
He Must Prove Charges
Against Board To Stay
WASHINGTON, March 19.--(/)'-
Administration legal experts con-
tended today that President Roose-
velt could remove Arthur E. Morgan'
from the chairmanship of the Ten-
nessee Valley Authority if Morgan
refused to answer questions at a
White House hearing Monday.
Mr. Roosevelt has given the TVA
enairman until Monday afternoon to
answer "yes" or "no" to Presiden-
tial demands that he give facts to
support his charges of misconduct
against his fellow directors.
Many members of Congress con-
tend that, if Morgan persists in his
refusal to answer Presidential ques-
tions and his demands that Congress1
instead of the President investigate
the TVA, the most Mr. Roosevelt cani
do is to ask him to resign.1
They say the TVA Act gives Con-
gress removal power over directors
of the public power and planning
agency and authorizes the President
to remove directors only in event
they are opposed to the policies of
the Act or appoint employes without
regard to merit.
However the Administration legal
experts contended that the Supreme
Court had upheld the President's
power to remove officials of the ex-
ecutive branch of the government in
an opinion delivered by the late Chief
Justice Taft in 1926.
Oh Mama, That Stork
Derby's Here Again!.
TORONTO, March 19.-(Canadian

Press)-Four Toronto mothers today
won equal shares in the $500,000
"Stork Derby" estate left by the ;late]
Charles Vance Millar.7
The winners, tied with nine eligible'
babies each born in the 10 years fol-

Lithuania Bows To Polan
As Hitler Demands Brea
In Czech-Russian Allianc

._ 4

Wide Anti-Jewish Rioting
Reported By Warsaw;
Two Dead,_Many Hurt
Czechs .Are Deaf
To Nazi Reues
LONDON, March 19.-(P)--Little
Lithuania capitulated today to the
overwhelming force of neighboring
Poland and kept peace In the Balti.
But she did not surrender her in-
dependence as did Austria a week. ago
in the face of Reichsfuehrer Adolf
Hitler's ultimatum backed by the
force of the German Army.
Poland's resort to strong-arm tac-
tics, closely\ emulating Hitler's an-
gered such countries as Great dBr
ain, France and Soviet Russia, as-
sociated with her in the League o
Nations. But they counselled Lithu-
anian submission to keep a relatively
minor border incident from becoming
another Sarajevo and embroiling all
Europe.
The Polish demands, while on the
surface apparently r e a s o n a jble.
aroused deep resentment in Lond ,
and Paris because they were backied
by a threat to tramle on Lthuar'iis
war-born independence.
They were especially humiliatig
to Lithuanians since they called for
restoration of diplomatic rlations
and business connections-non-ex-
istent for 18 years-on, a basin-
mount to abandonment of Lithuana's
claim to her ancient capital; Wilno'
Polish forces seized Wilno, traWi.
tional shrine of Lithuanian history,
Oct. 9, 1920.
Renewed attacks were brought on
the government of Prime Minister Ne-
ville Chamberlain. Powerful group,
including some of the Prinie Minis-
ter's own Conservative Party me'-
bers, demanded he declare'fiatly Brit-
ain would support France if she
should go;to the aid of Czechoslovakia
to repel an invasion by Hitler.
Asks Czech-Soviet Break
PRAHA, March 19.-W) -Adolf
Hitler was said by diplomatic sources
today to have demanded that Czecho-
slovakia abandon her military alli-
ance with Soviet Russia - but the
Czech Government showed no indi-
cation that it would comply.
Hitler's demand was said to have
constituted Der Fuehrer's basic con.'
(Cortnued on Page 3)
Report Terms
Student Dorms
VitalNecessity
Second Alumni Program
Lists University Needs
For Next Ten Years
Student. dormitories were named
yesterday as the most vital need of
the University in a report on 163
projects suggested for the second
Alumni Ten Year Program prepared
under President Ruthven's direction.
Endowments totaling $1,040,000 were
said to be necessary for their con-
struction.
Needs of various departments are
surveyed by the University under the
Ten Year system and the reports in-
form alumni what the departments
believe to be their most pressing needs.
It is hoped that various alumni groups
will establish funds maturity withm
the ten year period to fill those needs.
Thirty-seven of the 40 projects out-
lined in the 1927 report were taken up.
Other projects listed are: $1,000,-
000 for a student religious center,
$80,000 for a laboratory theater, and
appropriations for buildings for the

School of Business Administration,
School of Music and the School of
Forestry and Conservation.
Twenty-five undergraduate scho-
larships ranging from $100 to $500 a
year, established to aid needy stu-
dents and to encourage study in un-
developed fields are included in the
list. Thirty-six fellowships for al-
most every department in the Uni-
versity, and 16 research grants for
as much as $100,000 are asked under
thA nmripe.f.

Mic(eiuigai First State University,
Often First In Educational Fields

(EDITOR'S NOTE'I: This is the first in
a series of weekly articles on the his-
tory of th..e University and of its various
schools and colleges.)
By MORTON L. LINDEIt
The history of the University of
Michigan is one of a pioneer, a leader.
Since those early frontier days, when
the idea of a state educational sys-
tem was first conceived in Detroit,
Michigan has built up an impressive
list of "firsts."
Although the official seal of the
University of Michigan originally
carried the date, 1837, its actual his-
tory begins with an act of the state

osophy, military science, philosophy,
chemistry, medicine and economics,
After much research had been done
by men appointed by the legislature
to investigate possibilities in the edu-
cational field, The Organic Act of the
University of Michigan was drawn
up in 1837. This act laid the foun-
dation for all future developments.
The foundation of the present
University was planned to consist of
a literary college, a medical school
and a law school. Actually, however,
ony the first was immediately estab-
lished; the others followed in 1850
and 1859 resentivel. A noard f

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