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March 13, 1938 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-03-13

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The Weather
Mostly cloudy, and colder to-
day and, tomorrow; probably

ppr

Lit 43"

Iait

Editorials
Dr. Gallup's
Popular I 116.

VOL XLVIII. No. 117 *

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MARCH 13, 1938

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Trackmen Capture)

°y

5th

Big

Ten

Title;

Natators Nosed Out

Watson And Gedeon Leach
Track Team To Close
The Victory At Chicago
Wisconsin Gives,
Wolverines Scare
By ROY HEATH.
CHICAGO FIELD HOUSE, March
I 2.-(Special to The Daily)-Sheer
balance and man power swept Michi-
gan's fighting Wolverines to their
fifth consecutive Big Ten indoor
track crown tonight with 32 1/3 points
to Wisconsin's 26. The Badgers un-
covered unsuspected strength to ham-
mer out four first places to Michi-
gan's two, but heavy scoring in. the
place and show points brought the
Hoytmen out on top. Indiana was
staggering far back in fifth place
with only 18%/2 points behind a sur-
prising Iowa with 20 1/3 and Ohio
State with 19.
The meet produced three new loop
standards in the mile, two-mile and
high jump, and Michigan's big hurdle
ace Elmer Gedeon tied the American
record o. 8.6 in the high hurdles fall-
ing a tenth short of the Big Ten rec-
ord for the 70-yard barriers.
In the semi-final heat of the high
hurdles, Stan Kelley after leading
the entire route, tripped on the last
barrier and crashed to the track
leaving the entire burden of placing
Michigan in the hurdles on lanky El-
mer Gdeon.
Bill Watson camte through with the
remaining Michigan win in the shot
put with a heave of 50 feet 2 5/8
inches, which 'was two inches short
of :his own conference mark. Run-
ntngWith clock-like precision, Chuck
Fenske of Wisconsin blazed the
eight-lap mile in a new conference
record of 4:11.1 displacing the 4:12.5
mark set b1 ocksmnith of Indiana
in 1932.
Harold Davidson of Michigan clang
doggedly to the flying Badger to
place third,. Ito waa nipped in the
final 20 yards by Tommie Deckard of
(Continued on Page 3)
O.S.U. Niuators Win
By DAVID ZEIITLIN
EVANSTON, Ill., March 12.-(Spe-
cial to the Daily)--Ohio State's power
house swim team pulled points out of
every event here tonight, captured
five firsts, including both relays, to
win the Big Ten swimming crown
with 62 points. Michigan, with its
"Tireless Twins" Ed Kirar and Tom
Haynie doing yoman work, finished
second with a final score of 54 points.
Iowa was third with 20 tallies, and
the other schools earned a combined
total of 36 points.
Two records went by the boards to-
night, and one went last night. Ed
Kirar won the 100-yard free-style
race by a touch over Ohio State's Billy
Quayle, and was clocked in 52.8.0 a
tenth of a second under the old mark
held by Illinois' Flachman. It was Ki-
(Coilt.nued on Page 3)
arris T o Give
3 TalIks Here
Author To Talk On Church
In Russia, Germany
"The Basic Causes of Conflict Be-
tween the Church and State in Ger-
many and Russia," will be the subject
of a talk by the Rev. Thomas L.
Harris, author of "Unholy Pilgrim-
age," tomorrow. Ile will speak at 4:15
p.m. in the Grand Rapids Room of
the League.
Mr. Harris was assistant rector at
St. Andrews Episcopal church here
from 1926 to 1930. He will deliver
the sermon there at 11 a.m. today.
At 4:15 p.m. Tuesday, he will dis-
cuss his own book before the Book

Group of the StUdent Religious s-
sociation in the Lane Hall Library.
The book is a record of Mr. Harris'
experiences in Russia during his last
two trips. Mr. Harris will be guesR
at a luncheon at tle League Tues-
day.
Revelation, Science
Will Be Discussed
"Revelation and Its Scientific Crit-

Michigan Wins
Wrestling Title
With 28 Points
EVANSTON, Ill., March 12.-(Spe-
cial to the Daily)--Rated as under-
dogs behind the grunt and groan
squads of Indiana and Illinois, Coach
Cliff Keen's Wolverine wrestlers came
through-with three individual cham-
pions in the finals to take the Con-
ference wrestling crown with a team;
total of 28 points.
The best efforts of Billy Thom's
Hoosiers produced only 25 points, and
the defending champions, the Illini,
finished third with 19 points.-
Co-Captain Johnny Speicher, after
knocking Earl "Two-Bit" Meyers,
118-pound champion, out of the tour-
nament in the first round, came
through to defeat Dave Helman in
the finals for Michigan's first indi-
vidual crown.
Michigan's 126-pounder, Paul Cam- |
I eron. was defeated in the first round,
but Co-Captain Earl Thomas lasted
until the semi-final matches this l
afternoon before losing out.
In the 145-pound bout Harold Nich-
ols, who got a point for Michigan with;
a pin in the first round matches, was,
likewise eliminated in the semi-finals,
(Continued on Page 3)
'Mor gan Holds
Education's Job
Is Adjustment
Dr. Purdom, Mrs. Hayes
Lecture At Concudiiga
Occupational Meeting ;
Concluding the week-long confer-a
ence on Guidance and Occupational
Information, Dr. DeWitt S. Morgan,
superintendent of schools in Indian-1
apolis,Ind., told an audience of 150a
persons in a luncheon address at the
Union yesterday that education's job
is to turn out individuals well ad-
justed to modern life, a task that
standardized mass productive tech-
nique cannot accomplish. "
"We measure an individual's worth
not by what he knows, but by what het
can do," said Dr. Morgan, adding1
that the tragedy of modern education
is that it turns individuals out into
the world without completing theirE
adjustment to the complexities of1
life."
The problem that we face, ac-
cording to Dr. Morgan, is essentially
one of economy in education. Not
economy in any narrow sense, he
said, but true utilization of all the
facilities available to provide the best
possible education for youth.
lDr. T. Luther Purdom, director of
the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
tion, delivering the first lecture of
Sthe day, stressed a widening of the
guidance field to aconmliodate the
individual and his adjustment to life.
Dr. Purdom, who planned the con-
ference, showed that 85 per cent of
all job discharges come from causes
other than lack of knowledge and'
ability, and made a plea for the
widening of the scoe of modern cdu-
cation to include guidance that would
adjust the individual.
Following Dr. Purdon's talk there
was an address by Mary H. S. Hayes.
director of the guidance and place-
muent division of the National Youth
Administration. Ms. Hayes siressed
the need for closer cooperation be-
tween national and school guidance
agencies.

Swedish Lectufer
j 10 (iude rya lk s
Prof. Eli F j(k schr Awill give the
concluding lec{ure in his series of five
talks here at 4:15 prm. tomorrow in
Room C H1aven Hall. 8i subject
will be "The Economic istory of
Sweden."
Professor eleacher, diistngui hed
economic historian, has been bTught
" #to Anni Arbor under the auspices of

Conservatives,
Liberals Seen
Tied In Senate
Count Completed In First
P.R. Campus Election;
A Record Vote Is Cast
Senators To Hold
Meeting Tuesday
Political unaffiliates seemed to hold
a strategic position in the new Stu-
dent Senate when the counting of
the 1,709 ballots, largest total ever
cast in one day on campus outside
of a presidential poll, was completed
yesterday. It showed that roughly
an equal number of members of pro-
gressive parties and conservatives
had been elected.
The United Liberal Coalition got
8 of its 14 candidates elected while
the Conservatives got 6 out of 15.
However, many of the independents.
have conservative affiliations while
such organizations as the Young
The first meeting of members-
of the new Student Senate will be
held at 7:30 p.m. Tuesday in the
Union, it was announced last
night. The room number will be
posted on the bulletin board.'

Communist League and the Liberty-
Equality-Fraternity group are ex-
pected to support a liberal coalition.
It is expected that political align-
ments will officially make themselves'
known when the first meeting of the
Senate is held. The Senate itself will
determine its permanent meeting!
place and its rules and organization.
Those elected are: Tom Adams,
'40, liberal; Charles C. Buck, '40.1
S.R.A.; Allen Braun, '40, Pro. Ind.:
Phil Cummins, '39, Young Commun-,
ist League; Fred Cushing, '38, Con.;I
Tom Downs, '39, and Martin Dworkis.
'40, United Liberal Coalition; Cecile
Franking, '39, Ann Arbor Indepen-,
dent; George Gangwere, '40, Liberal;I
Joseph Gies, '39, ULC; Robert Gill,j
Grad., Ind.; Horace Gilmore, '39,
Con.; Louis Grossman, '40, Frater-
nity.
Hope Hartwig, '38, ULC; Ernest
Jones, '38, Cons.; Norman Kewley,
'40E, Cons.; Charles Kistler, '39, un-
attached; Sam Krugliak, '38, Con.;
Alfred Lovell, Jr., '39; Liberal Con-
servative; John O'Hara, '41, non-
partisan; Harold Ossepow, '39, un-
attached.
Robert M. Perlman, Grad., Liberty-
Equality-Fraternity; Charles Quarles,
'38, unattached; Mervin Reider, '39.
Pro. Ind.; Irving Silverman, '38, ULC;
Phil Simpson, '39, Con.; Seymour
Spelman, '39, Pro. Ind.; Tuure Ten-
ander, '39, ULC; Donald Treadwell,
'40, Ind. Con.; Ann Vicary, '40, ULC;
Carl Viehe, '39, Liberal-Peace-Repub-
lican; and Phil Westbrook, '40, ULC.i
Under the system of proportional
representation, five candidates were
elected on the first count. Phil
Cummins, receiving the united back-
((onutnued on Page 6)
Movies Hefie Depict.
ProIblemu Of Farmner I
Three short movies presenting the
social problem of American agricul-
ture will be shown in Natural Science
Auditorium at 8:15 p.m. Tuesday,
March 15, under the auspices of the
local chapter of the American Fed-
cration of Teachers.
"The Plow That Broke the Plaiu':" I
tells the story of the plowing of the
West for wheat during the World
War and the "dust bowl" that result-
ed. "A Tale of Two Rivers" and "The
Delta Cooperative Farm" are the
other films.

4ustrianuError
Held As Cause
Of Nazi Coup
Germany's sweep into Austria was
precipitated by Schuschnigg's tragic
tactical error in announcing a na-
tional plebiscite before the conver-
sations between London, Paris' and
Rome had reached the point where
Mussolini might have been induced
to exert a moderating influence up-
on Hitler, in the opinion of Prof.
Howard M. Ehrmnann of the history
department.
"It is all too apparent," Professor
Ehrman said in an interview yes-
terday, "that the former chancellor
of Austria was too sanguine in his
expectation of support from Italy."
Hitler, he added, felt himself free to
act unhindered in view of the Rome-
Berliln axis, the ministerial crisis in
France and the slow progress of the
Anglo - French negotiations with
Italy.
From present indications Hitle
seems to have diagnosed the Euro-
pean situation correctly, Professor
Ehrmann stated. "Despite diplo-
matic protests and popular resent-
ment outside Germany, he is not
likely to meet any serious opposi-
tion."
"Mussolini was in a difficult po-
sition," Professor Ehrmann declared.
"He had to choose between not op-
posing Hitler and acting contrary to
Italian interests, or opposing Hitler
and finding himself isolated. If an
agreement with Great Britain and
France had been on the road to con-
(Cunittnued or Page 4)
18 Get Deat
In MOScOW'S
Treason Trial
Dcath Within 24 Hours
Likely; Impris oi Inlent
Is Sentence For 3 More,
MOSCOW, March I3.-(Sunday)-
(P-Eighteen of 21 defendants 'were
sentenced to death today in Moscow's
greatest treason trial.
Those whose lives were spared,
were: Christian Rakovsky, former
ambassador to France who was sen-
tenced to 20 years imprisonment; S.
A. Bessonoff, former member of the
Soviet trade delegation to Berlin, 15
years, and D. D. Pletnyeff, heart spe-
cialist, 25 years.
Those who must die-former high-
ranking Bolshevists accused of trea-
son and murder at the behest of for-
eign powers-will have at most five
days to live.
Three days will be given them fort
the judges to weigh their appeals and
two more days must elapse before1
they are placed before the firing
squad. However, if precedent is fol-
lowed, the condemned men will be ex-
ecuted within 24 hours.
Among those sentenced to death
was Nikolai Bukharin, chronicler of
the red revolution who electrified the
last session of the long trial with a
spell-binding defense.
Among the other one-time high
ranking Soviet leaders to be shot are
Qenrikh G. Yagoda, former chief of
the dreaded secret police; Alexis I.
Rykofi., premier of the Soviet Union
for 10 years who succeeded Lenin; and
N. N. Krestinsky, former first as-
sistant foreign commissar.
FIVE F EMEN KILLED
PATERSON, N.J , March 12.-P)
-Five firemen were killed and two
inj.ured tonight when they were
crushed beneath a wall of brick that

fell as they searcheS for possible vic-
time in the smouldering ruins of a
department store warehouse a

As

Fuehrer Proclaims Union

BritainI
inamberlain Plans For
Popular Endorsement Of
A StrongForeign Polity
A nglo-German Pact
Viewed As Unlikely
LONDON, March 12.-(P)-Adolf
Hitler's bold Nazi seizure of Austria
today thrust the fate of Czechoslo-
vakia squarely before Great Britain
and France.
The British cabinet in an emer-
gency session weighed the possibility
of armed aid to France in the event
the independence of the war-created
republic was threatened by Germany.
In some quarters there was a sug-
gestion that Chamberlain might be
planning a snap general election to
seek endorsement for a stronger Brit-
ish foreign policy, possibly including
a promise of armed aid for Czecho-
slovakia.
Butkmost informed sources indicat-
ed the Prime Minister might sign his
own political "death warrant" if he
faced the country before public opin-
ion swung around sharply from the
present isolationist stand.
A communique issued after the cab-
inet meeting made it evident that any
Anglo-German agreement now was
out of the question.
The presence of German troops at
the Brenner Pass and their meeting
with the Italian frontier garrison also
symbolized to many Britons prospec-
tive failure of Chamberlain's month-
old attempt to bring the Fascist na-
tion into a friendly agreement.
Maginot Line Prepares
PARIS, March 12.--uP)-Troops
manning the powerful Maginot line
defenses facing the German border
tonight were held to their posts as
France took an increasingly grave
view of the European crisis.
French officials meanwhile sought
to convince Great Britain it was nec-
essary for mutual safety to take a
joint stand to discourage any German
encroachment on Czechoslovakia.
Premier-Designate Leon Blum at
the same time gave up attempts to
form a national union Government of
all parties and sought desperately to
recreate a People's Front Cabinet
to give the country a ministry.
His proposal to include Communists
in a Cabinet for the first time brought
almost United disapproval from Cen-
ter and Right groups in theChamber
of Deputies.
C. F. Kettering
OpensParley
Symposium Will Discuss
Physics, Automobiles,
An address by Charles F. Kettering
on "Scientific Training and Its Re-
lation to Industrial Problems" will be
featured at the opening tomorrow
of the physics-automobile industry
symposium. The meeting, sponsored
by the department of physics, will
run tomorrow and Tuesday; the pro-
gram of speakers including several
important men in the automObile in-
dustry.
The program will open at 10 an..
tomorrow in Hutchens hall with an
address by F. K. Richtmyer, Dean of
the Cornell Graduate School, on
"What Physics Can Do 'for The Au-
tomnotive Industry.". Mr. Carl Breer,
director of Chrysler Engineering Re-
search, will speak next on "needs of
the Automotive Industry for Funda-

jmental Scientific Research."
Two Gulf Research Laboratories
men, M. Muskat and F. Morgan, will
talk on "Thick Film Lubrication in
Journal Bearings.
Frederick Seitz, General Electric
Research Laboratory, will start the
afternoon activities at 2 p.m. in
Hutchins Hall, speaking on "Some
Aspects of the Modern Theory of
Solids." Another representative of
the same laboratory, C. G. Found,
will talk nett on "Electric Discharge
Lamps as Highway Illuminants."
Kendall To Speak Today
011 T ri 'Vhrni'oh iirrrij

Holds Czech

Fate

Terror

Grips

uce 's Council
Gives Approval
To Hitler Move
ROME, March 13.-(Sunday)-(IP)
-Italy's Fascist Grand Council gave
isapproval today to Adolf Hitler's
Nazification of Austria.,
The Council's approval was ex-
pressed in a communique issued after
it had received Hitler's promise that
German expansion to the south would
stop at the Italian frontier.
In a personal letter to Premier
Mussolini Hitler embodied a similar
guarantee to France, but gave no as-
surances that he would respect fron-
tiers of other countries.
Italy Does Not Interfere
Hitler's letter, which he sent to
Mussolini by special emissary, was
read to the Council by Count Gale-
azzo Ciano, foreign minister.
The foreign minister informed the
council that Italy had rejected a
French proposal for concerted ac-
tion in the Austrian situation.
"The Italian Government has, for
obvious reasons, determined not to
interfere in any way in Austrian in-
ternal affairs," the Council's com-
munique said.
Plebiscite Not Approved
"The Grand Council' emphasizes'
especially that the (Austrian) plebis-
cite was ordered' without previous
notice by Schuschnigg.
"Not only was it not suggested,. but
not even approved by the Italian
Government which had no knowledge
of it, neither with regard to method
nor substance."
Ciano had indicated that Italy had
no responsibility for recent 'Austrian
events.
Churches Today
Feature Movies
And Professors
Unitarian Church To Show
Films Of South; Sellars
Talks At Ch'ist Church
Motion pictures of the southern
share-croppers and their farms, and
faculty speakers are the special events
to be presented by . Ann Arbor1
churches today.
Two films, one taken on the coop-
erative farm of Sherwood Eddy, well-
known author, lecturer, traveler and
pacifist, will be shown at the Uni-
tarian Church. The farm, a new ex-
periment in the south, is located on
the Mississippi Delta of Louisiana.
The second film is "The Tale of Two
Rivers." a contrast of the conditions
of the sharecroppers of Arkansas
along the Arkansas River and the
residents of the Tennessee Valley.
Sellars To Speak
Prof. Roy W.Sellars of the philos-
ophy department will speak to the
student guild of the Church of Christ
at 6:30 p.m. His topic will be "Choos-
ing a Vocation in a Changing World."
Prof. George E. Carrothers of the
School-of Education will address the
student class of the First Methodist
Church on "Dividing the Profits" at
9:45 a.m. At the 6 p.m. meeting, also
to 'be held in Stalker Hall, student
speakers will be Jane Dinehart, '39,
Anne Schaeffer, '40SM, and Douglas
MacNaughton, Grad. They will be
followed by a Comiunion service
which will be led by the Rev. Charles
W. Brashares.
Weaver Will Talk
Prof. Bennett Weaver of the School
of Architecture will speak on "The
Real Jesus" at the student fellowship
meeting of the First Congregational
Church at 6 p.m. Dr. Leonard Parr,

minister, will deliver the sermon at
the 10:45 service on "An Experience."
Special music will include "Green
Pastures" by Sanderson, a baritone
solo to be sung by Donn Chown, '38-
SM, and the anthem, "The Dark
Gethsemane" of Noble, to be sung by
the choir.
Exhibition Of Prints
rs it .r nga

Hitler Addresses Cheering
Austrian, Throngs; Says
His Mission Is Fulfilled
Frontier Is Closed
To Prevent Exodus
VIENNA, March 12,- P) -Adolf
Hitler joined Austria and Germany
tonight and defied the world to part
them.
He proclaimed this new pan-Ger-
man union from a Linz balcony to
cheering thousands.
As Hitler spoke, Nazi forces swept
through tiny Austria to re-make the
map of Europe and rouse new fears
of European war. Troops came by
land and by air,
"Any other attempt to part this
people will be in vain," the triumph-
ant Fuehrer told wildly cheering
throngs massed to welcome his re-
turn to his native land and fulfill-
ment of the long-dreamed union of
Germany and her southern neighbr.
'Divine' MISsion
Declaring it his qdivine snlsson
to return Austria to the German fath-
erland, bare-headed Hitler, cld .
an army overcoat, told the 0rowd
"Your presence is testi-Qny It Is ot
the wish of only a few to'found 1els
pan-Germany but is the' will of the
German people itself."
"It would be fine also if some of our
well known internatioina seekers-
after-truth could not only see tei
truth here but also recogziize.it."
The new Nazi Chancellor of 'Als-
tria, Arthur Seysz-Inquart, greeted
Hitler by proclaiming annulmerit' of
the Treaty of St. Germiain which fpr-
bade union of, Germany' atnd Austria.
The Fuehrer saved for tomorrow
a triumphal entry into Vienna.
All Austri Is Nai '
All Austria ent 144. Federal,
provincial and' municipal. 'govern-
ments, were taken over ly Nazis.
Austrian Army troops not only
stood by, but also fraternied with
the invading legions.
A wave of arrests struck fear to
thousands of" Austrians- Cathlics,
Jews, Socialists and former Austrian
Government chieftains alike.
Austria's frontiers were closed
quickly to prevent a mass exodus of
those who fear Naziism.
The Nazi Government forbade
sending money outside the country,
under heavy penalties.
Schusehnigg Imprisoned
The Chancellor Hitler forced out of
office, Kurt Schuschnigg, was im-
prisoned in Belvedere Palace sur-
rounded by 2.000 Storm Troopers and
50 police. Nazis said the guards were
for "his own protection."
In cities the Nazis assumed control
of telegraph, telephone and radio
communications. Strict censorship
was imposed.
Newspapers immediately felt the
Nazi fist.
The province's former governor,
Franz Rehrl, was led away gtill pro-
testing in his nightgown.
Vienna's police chief estimated 1,-
100 persons had beey arrested Fri-
day night, most of them Fatherland
Front officials and others who asked
moderation as Naziism caime to Aus-
tria..
Fatherland Front pissolved
The Fatherland Front, formerly
Austria's only legal political party
and the organ which attempted to
dam the Nazi stream, was dissolved.
Though Vienna 'factories closed,
they opened early in the day under
guard of storm troopers armed with
cat-o-nine-tails with which they
flogged Socialist-inclined workers
who appeared unenthusiastic,
Public service employes hastily
changed red and white rosettes of
the Fatherland Front for Nazi arm-
bands.
Others who appeared loath to show
swastikas on their homes were or-
dered to at once.

Austria;

r °.
s
t=
,:
" 'qt
e
of

Noted Phiotograplier To Presei1t
11ustra ted Animal Talk Tuesday

Wendell Chapaunan. turalist-pho-
tographer, who will lecture at 8:15
pim. Tuesday in i'ill Auditorium on
(Lt Oralorica! Association serivs, has
'The Oratorical Association an -
nounced, yesterday that John 13,
Kennedy, notedjourwa list ;n id
radio commentator will lecture
April 5 in Hill Auditorium as the
conuluding i number of the Ora -
!torical 3erie;= Mr, Kennedy will
replace H. V. Kaltenborn, whi ose(
continued illness has made it rnec_
essary to cancel his engagement,
here.
T kcts for the Kaltenborn ':c-
ture will be honored for this lIc-

ries a gun with him on his:sorties into
the Rockies in search of quarry. 4

Bat Ratted By Books
Loops, Leaves, Library

I.

I

Oe of the major library stories of
the year broke Frday night.
A bat, reputedly from the belfry
of one of the students who studies
Ither oi' ni rdav hIiarh4t m.r,4, 1.him rp

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