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March 12, 1938 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1938-03-12

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The Weather
Fair and warmer today; tomor-
row cloudy and somewhat cold-
er.

00,

A6F
t 't cYYt

4:3attg

Editorials
Hall. To Canton
And Enderbury..

I

VOL. XLVIII. No. 116

AlN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 12, 1938

PRICE FIVE CENTS

aP---- FiVtE, VENYMi

, k

t

Michigan Favored
To Repeat Victory

I

Six Men sWn Austria Bows To German Military;
Posts InSeae7

In Big Ten

Track

As L700 Vote
Adams, Cummins, Keivlcyj
Kistler And ie (et;

Chancellor chuschnigg Abdicates

A

NAAWAT

j

r"

binet

Is

Formed

_r._. -Offices Ini First lal~ uw 1IU 1z
Hurdlers Dominate Event; ___ *"*
Hayes, Jester Remai wgWin Announce 6.
L7 TA " A 1 O Lri- _.s! --,7 t+ r A-' ! 1 L£A 1R 7

nl es I1 44A Al( OOU
Indiana Provides
StrongOpposition
By ROY HEATII
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO
FIELD HOUSE, CHICAGO, March
11.-(Special to the Daily)-Mich-
igan still ruled slight favorites to,re-
tain its Big Ten indoor crown last
night despite reverses in the 440 and
880 where they qualified only one man
in each event, and a shut out in the
60-yard sprint.
Iowa led in number of men qual-
ified in the quarter, half, high hurdles
and 60-yard dash with six men while
Michigan and Indiana were tied in
second with five each.
Gedeon Scores In 08:7
The Wolverines' crack hurdle pair
of Gedeon and Kelley augmented by
Sherman Olmsted completely domi-
nated the timber event as Gedeon
took his heat easily in :08.7 to tie with
Bush Lamb of Iowa for the fastest
time of the evening; and Kelley nosed
out defending champion Jack Robin-
son of Illinois in the slowest heat,
both men running pulled up. Olm-
sted pulled a third out of the fire
to partly compensate for the-sprint
loss.
Ross Faulkner, Bill Buchanan and
Bill Watson dropped by the wayside
in the quarter, half and 60, robbing
Michigan of badly needed points
while Indiana, chief threat to Mich-
igan supremacy, picked up corre-
spondingly with two men in the quar-
ter and three in th2 half-mile,
Hayes Second To Elliott
Towheaded Doug Hayes ran a
smooth second behind Bill Elliott of
Indiana to keep the Hoytmen in the
finals of the quarter. In qualifying
Hayes beat out long-striding George
Hacrow outdoor titlist of Chicago.-
Tom Jester was the lone Michigan
qualifier in the 880. Breaking slow,
Jester moved up steadily behind In-
diana's Jim Smith, finishing pulled
up in the second spot.
Harold Davidson, Michigan mile
(Conrnued on Page 3)
Offer S pecal
Courses a1Hee
T:hispSumme
School Of Education Will
Hold Laboratory Class;
Plan Four Conferxc.es
Four special prognuns will be of-
fered by the School of Education
this summer in addition to about 90
courses of its regular curriculum for
the 45th annual Uiversity Summer
Session
A laboratory course in which teach-
ers and administrators can work on
problems of secondary school cu"-
ricula, the ninth annual Sumr
Education Conference of school ad-
ministrators, a Roundt able Confer-.
ence on Reading Problems, and a spe-
cial two-week Conference on Physical
Education will be the special fea-
tures. The laboratory course is a.
'ix-week course which can he taken
for full credit by :pcial sudents.
while the others are more general in
nature and are expeted to draw
many outsiders to Ann Arbor.
Both six- and eight-week courses
will be given in the regular cur-
riculum covering both fundamental
and upecialized subjects. In addition
there will special meetings and pro-
grams of the Men's Education Club
and the Women's Education Club. A
list of such material is available at thec
oflices of the School of Education and
in the Summer Session offices.
Visiting professors will include Dr.t
Ross Allen of the National Camping
Association; Ienry F. Alves of the

U. S. Office of Education; Edith M.
Bader, Assistant Superintenent of
Schools, Ann Arbor: Prof. Henry

eemnsf estitea More Oicers ToyOUp oes
For Ohio State d Witl 1,740studentsvaiuntfor 63Austria's Dest
32 posts in the new Student Senate,
! By DAVID ZEITLIN six persons were assured places by (latolies And Socialists
NEW TRIER POOL, WINNETKA. means of the preferential voting
Ill., March 11.-(Special to the Daily) when the polling committee under Might Easily Unte In
-The Western Conference swimming the direction of Richard M. Scam- Opposition, He States
crown appeared headed toward Ohio mon, Grad., finished the first count
State here tonight as the Buckeyes' last night. Scammon said the count- By ELLIOTT MARANISS
brilliant natators qualified 14 times ing would be resumed this morning The sudden entrance of German
for tomorrow night's finals to head and that the remaining 27 winners troops into Austria and the passive
the list of schools in the qualifying would be announced this afternoon. yielding on the part of Chancellor
round. Michigan took 13 places, but The five who won on the counting Schuschnigg and his ministers by no
Ohio balance loomed as an impreg- of the first votes were: Tom Adams, means indicate that the majority of
nable factor. '40. Liberal ticket; Philip D. Cum- Austrian citizens look with favor upon
Performances were surprisingly be- mins, '39, Young Communist League the Nazification of the country, Prof.
low standard for a championship ticket; Charles E. Kistler, '39, unat- Dwight C. Long said yesterday.
meet, and Ed Kirar, Michigan's stel- tached, but who was backed by Mich- These actions were clharaterized,
lar captain and sprint star, was the igan Union men; Marvin W. Reider. however, by Professor Long as "mark-
only competitor to damage the exist- '39, Progressive Independent; and ing the final capitulation of the Aus-
ing records. Flowing along at a ter- Norman E. Kewley, '40E, Conservative trian government to inexorable Nazi,
rific clip, Kirar covered a 50-yard ticket. pressure.-
semi-final race in 0:23.3 to lower by 53 Votes Needed "The Catholic Church, Socialists,
a tenth of a second the mark wh Under the P.R. syste with 32 posts rkers, and the kindred groups
he shared with Charles Flachman, whichrmakeiupbthe Fatherland Fron
former Illinois star. tavailable, it as necessay to poll have in common a sincere desire for
Kirar was the leader in the 100 of the entire vote cast, 1.708 . This Austrian independence, and it is not
yard race as well as in the short raction equalled 53 votes. All the at all unlikely that they will unite
sprint. Tom Haynie, given little xtra votes afer 53 went to the the face of their antagonism to
competition by rival mermen, was also second choice candidate. Germany," Professor Long said.
the leader in two fields, pacing the George H. Gangwere, '40, running
pack in both the 220 yard and quar- on the Liberal ticket was the first man B Predicted Use Of Force
ter mile. to win on second votes. He had 41e io n thus th n ermi nr
Trials were held today in all events fiseerto noAsra ertr
butte e ree-stle rey rc o53a.nd 12 transfers to get his total ad reached this country yesterday,
but he 00-yrd reestyl reay ace. of53.Professor Long, a recognized authori-
The Wolverines received their ma- Cummins received the largest total ssty ongAustria, had predicted to the
jor set-back and chief surprise of !o ffirsts, 87. Daily that Hitler would use force to
the day when Hal Benham cracked I Liberals Near Victories back up his previous attempts to
up on his front two-and-a-half som- While none of the 14 members of control Austria by indirection at the
(Continued on Page 3) the United Liberal Coalition party first indication of resistance on the;
1won on first votes, it was obvious part of the Austrian government or
'a~i* S lola that several were within easy range populace.
Italitan col lar of election when the second choices The probability that the Father-
will be counted today. land Front program for indepen-
From H arvaid Of the other parties theConser- dence would have received an over-!
vatves placed one man as did the whelming -majority of the votes at
Progressive Independents. Joseph S. the plebiscite that was scheduled for
T Speak Here Mattes, '38, who withdrew from the! Sunday, was the immediate reason
race Thursday, polled 21 firsts. - for the German move, Professor Longf
Scammon claimed last night that said. He pointed out that Austrian
Historian To Give Lecture it was still too early to count anyone Socialists had already indicated theirc
Tuesday; Others Here out of the running and that the intention to support the Fatherlandf
second and third choices especially Front, thus assuring that group of ar
From Eastern Colle;es would count. victory.

s o Reflect
gres, Long Claims

Bloody Riots Precede Submission;
Seysz-Inquart Head Of Ministry

Jewish Persecution Begins In Vienna As Retiring
Chancellor Asks For Cessation Of Rioting;
Nazis Rejoicing Over Triumph
VIENNA, March 12.-(Saturday)-(P)-Austria has submitted to Adolf
Hitler.
The Government yielded to Germany's armed might and give up its
five-year fight against domination by the German Fuehrer.
German troops, massed on the border, marched into Austria at three
points. Early today they were reported at Linz, Austria, 40 miles from the
German frontier.
Major Clausner, leader of Nazi S.A. troops in Vienna, broadcast an
announcement that:
"Austria has become free-Austria has become National Socialist . . . a
new government has been formed."
The anti-Nazi Chancellor, Kurt Schuscpnigg, resigned in the face of a
German ultimatum demanding reorganization of the government.
Arthur Seysz-Inquart, Austria's

Prof. Gaetano Salvemini, formerly
of the University of Florence, Italy,
and at present lecturer in the history
of Italian civilization at Harvard Uni-
versity, will give a University lecture
on "The Problems of Italian Foreign
Policy from 1871 to the World War,"
at 4:15 Tuesday in Natural Science
Auditorium.
Salvemini, who is a historical scho-
lar of international reputation in the
field of Italian history and of Fascist
Italy, is being brought here under
the auspices of the department of his-
tory. This will be his second ap-
pearance in Ann Arbor. He spoke
here in 1932 on "Florence in the
Time of Dante."
On Friday two other prominent
speakers will give University lectures
here, in conjunction with the sessions
of the Michigan Academy of Science.
Prof. Alvin H. Hansen of the Grad-
uate School of Public Education, Hai-
vard University, will speak at 4:15
p.m. in the Natural Science Audi-
torium. while Dr. Miclmael Heidelber-1
Ur. of Coliminliia UJuiversity, will
.peak at 8 prm. in R oomi 152: East
Medical Building.
Dr. Heidlbcberger is associate profes-
sor of biological chemistry at Co-j
lumbia, and will .speak on 'R'cenlt
Chemiical TI Wories of Jmui ic Rcac-
tions amid Some Practical Applica-
tions"
11011)8 o Dieu{

~-l
SRA Will Ho
Int-Fiti Ta k

Union is Geruman naope
The final consummation of the
uniting of both countries, a long-
cherished German hope, depends up-
on such factors as world reaction to
ieman expansion, the intensity of
Austrian popular opposition and the
acuteness of economic conditions, in
both countries in the opinion of Pro-
f'ssor Long.
"In the final analysis, Nazi propa-
ganda agents will have to convince
t t1 i-4U ;-- 41-1- -1,-;,. 1-.r -..s . v.nanc

"Revelat ioni,
"Criticismt,'

its Scientific
Is Subject

thee Austrians that their best chance
As a preliminary to tihe religiousfor economic stability lies in union
secton of the Springo Parleythe with Germany. All othe' issues will
Student Religious Associatio is Spoil-. have to be subordinated to the dom-
soring all Inter-Faith symposium oni inapit e'onomic one."
"Revelation and its Scientific Crit i-__________m_____."
cism" at 3 p.m. tomorrow at Lane
Hall. Mr. Ford Plays Stooge
Prof. William A. McLauglin of the
Romance Languages department, A. M . o ge 3 e o
K. tevens of tim English departmen, -
and Dr. Raphael Isaacs of the Simrp- I A Gargoyle artist's chef d'oeuvre
son Memorial Hospital, will give their found its way into the pages of the
views on the subject. Kenneth Mor- Daily yesterday through no fault of
gan, director of the Association, will the editors.
act as chaiman. IjA Ford V-3 ad, distributed by the
The ymposnim will be uatterned National Advertising Service, and
after the Chicago Round Table of the drawn by Max Hodge, '39, was insin-
Air. There will be no lecture but ilated into the Daily by the advertis-
each speaker will talk for a few mn. im stalfl. But Artist Hodge did not
utes answering the following qucs- content himself with advertising his
tions: "What is revelation?" "Does product only for, as a close inspection

V
t
I
C
0
{
fl
(.
i
a
fI
I;
I

ADOLF HITLER
Death Penalty
Asked For 1
Soviet . rlitOrS
Prosecutor Sums Up' Case'
Agaiiist Defendants hI
Five-Hour Plea Tf o jury
MOSCOW, March 11,--(AP)-Death
for 19 of the 21 defendants in Rus-
sia's greatest blood purge trial was
demanded today by Prosecutor An-
drei Y. Vishinsky at the climax of a,
furious summation of tr'eason and
murder charges.
For five and a half hours, in the
glare of floodlights, the prosecutor
packed in details of the prisoners'
confessed plots, calling them "human
scum" and unscrupulous tools of for-
eign intelligence services.
The burden df his whole review
was that the Soviet exists within a
ring of enemies and the plotters
sought to hand over to them the keys
to Russia's frontiers.
Itakovsky, Bessavoff Spared
The only two spared the death de-t
mand were dignified, old Christian
Rakovsky, once an esteemed Soviet
liplomat, and S. A. Bessanoff, a for-
ncr Russian trade delegate,
Most of Vishinsky's fury was heaped
>n Nikolai Bukharin, chronicler of
the Red Revolution on whom fell
nost of the blame for the confessed
"Rightist-Trotskyist" plots.
He also demanded the "head" of
Genrikh G. Yagoda, once the chief
>f the secret police and the most
feared man in Russia, whom lhe coim-
;ared to Al Capone.
"We cannot leave such people
alive," lie cried. "They can do so in i
America with Al Capones who kill
and kidnap people they want to get
out of the way. But Russia,, thank
God, is not America."
Pleas Heard Tomorrow
He spared Rakovsky because the
former diplomat, lone; in exile, had
been "out of contact with the reali-
ties" despite his confession of spy-
ing for Great Britain and Japan.
Vishinsky said Bessanoff had
played only a. minor role as conltact
man between Leon Trotsky, the exiled
former Soviet warlord, and Nicholas
N1. Krestinsky, amnother defendant.
It was indicated tomorrow would j
be devoted to the customary last I
pleas of the pnisoners5 Sinc~e Bukhar-
i was expected to speak at length
on his philosophical motives, the ver-
diet was believed unlikely to come
efore early Sunday.
Then, if precedent is followed, those
condemned to die probably would1
have five days at most to live-three
while their clemency pleas are con-
sidered and two before they are led
to the excution wall.
Hillel News issue

Nazi leader, was appointed to succeed
him.
The appointment -was announced
officially early today, after two days
of strife, rioting, troop mobilization
and bloodshed.
The new cabinet, all but two of
whom were Nazis, was announced as
follows:
Seysz-Inquart, Chancellor and de-
fense minister.
Wilhelm Wolff, foreign affairs.
Franz Hueber, justice. Hueber is a
brother-in-law of Germany's number
two Nazi, Field Marshal General Her-
mann Wilhelm Goering.
Oswald Menghin, education.
Dr. Hugo Jury, social welfare.
Rudolf Neumayer, finance.
Anton Rheinthaler, agriculture.
Hans Fitschboeck, commerce.
Michael Skubl, secretary of state.
Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Skubl's as-
sistant.
Hubert Klausuer, Nazis' political
representative.
Asks German Troops
Earlier, Seysz-Inquart had sent a
telegram to Hitler saying that the
"provisional Austrian Government"
requested Germany to send troops as
soon as possible to assist it in "pre-
venting the shedding of blood."
The new Chancellor was one of five
Nazi sympathizers included in the
cabinet at Hitler's order Feb. 15. He
started formation of a cabinet which
the press bureau declared would give
"thorough recognition to national-
ists'
Tonight's developments came after
moves and counter-moves by Schus-
chnigg and the Nazi command. There
was violence throughout Austria
Thursday and Friday.
Early today German troops mobil-
ized near the Austrian border. Austria
likewise sent troops to danger points.
Schuschnigg had his regular army of
70,000, but called out 100,000 reserves
and 30,000 guardsmen.
Vienna and many Austrian cities
were in turmoil, with Nazis and
Schuschnigg clashing over a plebis-
cite on Austrian independence Schus-
chnigg had ordered for Sunday.
Nazis Attack Plebiscite
Nazis denounced it vehemently,
claiming it was violation of Schus-
chnigg's agreement with Hitler at
Berchtesgaden Feb. 12.
As tension increased, schuschnigg
postponed the plebiscite indefinitely.
Then, Schuschnigg announced that,
bowing to the German ultimatum,
a new government was being formed.
He declared that "to prevent the
shedding of blood" orders had been
given for Austrian troops to fall
back "in case of invasion."
Before midnight the Nazi swastika
flew from the Chancellery and the
City Hall.
Vienna Nazis went wild.
While Schuschnigg, President Mik-
las and Seysz-Inquart were in con-
ference and before appointment of
the new Chancellor had been an-
nounced, many police and minor offi-
cials openly avowed their switch to
the Nazi cause,
Jewish Quarter Invaded
Seven torenlight parades marched
into Vienna Jewish quarters. Two
Jews were injured,
Nazi crowds stormed the Father-
land Front building. Windows were
smashed.
Dozens of Nazis huridt inrh and

Blum Hastens
FormationOf.
NewMiistry
'National Union' Coalition
Government Receive
Popular Front Support
PARIS, March 11.-(P)-France,
without a government and rebuffed
by Italy on a proposal for joint ef-
forts to save Austria's independence,
looked on helplessly tonight as Nazi
Germany proceeded to take power in
Vienna.
Premier-Designate Leon Blum,
confronted with a threat to the peace
of Europe, let it be known at the
same time he was confident of form-
ing a National Union Government-
of all parties from Communist to ex-
treme right.
Sources close to the Socialist lead-
er said the cabinet would be or-
ganized by early tomorrow and would
be ready to deal with events in Aus-
tria. Besides the critical situation in
central Europe, Blum was confronted
with a difficult financial problem
and labor unrest at home.
Although the People's F r o n t
showed signs of cracking under the
strain of events in Austria, its three
main components-Socialists, Com-
munists, Radical-Socialists-as well
as Socialist-Repubicans all agreed to
the National Union.
If Blum succeeds, Communists will
enter a French cabinet for the first
time.
Reverberations in Czechoslovakia
of Nazi power in Austria was the chief
concern of France. But the nation
also was alarmed over effects of
Germany's increasing might in Cen-
tral Europe,
Czech Cabinet Meets
PRAHA, Czechoslovakia, March 11.
-P)-2The Czechoslovakian Cabinet
met in special session tonight to con-
sider the general situation in con-
nection with events in Austria.
The impression prevailed in some
quarters that the Nazification of Aus-
tria was not the private concern of
that neighboring state, but a matter
affecting all western powers.
Reports from Bratislava, on the
Austrian-Czechoslovakia border about
40 miles from Vienna, said trains and
automobiles arriving there were filled
with refugees from Vienna.
U.S. To Keep Hands Off
WASHINGTON, March 11.-(1P-
Officials anxiously studied develop
ments in Austria and Central Eu-
rope tonight but maintained a "hands
off" attitude.
Taking their lead from Secretary
of State Hull, they refrained from
placing the United States in the posi-
tion of taking sides.
The secretary said he had con-
ferred with the President in the last
two days on the situation in Central
Europe, but without formulating a
special policy.
He denied emphatically a rumor
that the United States had urged
Germany in a friendly wayt on h md-

revelation have any relation to sci-
ence?" and "Are revelation and in-
spiration the same thing?" Mr. Mor-
gan will speak first to present the
problem.
After thc speakers have presented
{ (heir views, the audience will be per-
: itted Lto isk a u-J ins, Al. 4-M° r o-

of the ad would show, the insignia of
Tmeta Ci,. Hodge's fraternity, is lib-
EJJIy s lrhikled over the cartoon.
So the ad, distributed by an agency
serving 40 of the largest universities
ju the United States, carries not only
the symbol of .Ford, but the escut-

IIXI3W, u UV LjUU I4V I : ,r 't . Ich [1ion o tmeta C'hi to the campuses
f Changes iI u14 II cP freshments will be served. f time nation.
Prof.-Emeitus W illiam H. Hobbs. o
o the geoloy department, will speak in e l ei res
on 'Changes the Traveler Sees in
Frnce, Englau id and Germany'" at JIn l11Likelihood O (ii'aduation
the regular 4 o'clock Sunday Forum,
tomorrow at the Union,
Professor Hobbs returned on Feb. By NORMAN A. SCHORR ]'ates in tie upper 10 per cent of
22 from a seven-weeks touI of Etu - The freshman who scores in the graduiatiiw in the normal time are
rope. lie wenmt to stu2dy the history lowest tenth of his c lass on the in- fxdc ,oei w.Fgrsso
of the Antarctic exploration in the telligence examination given all first- f Figures show
American Sector, and returned coni- year students has but one chance i i ....t the low-ranking individual is

i

'T - ._..__.__.__L

Beaumont of the University of Ken ' vinced that an American, Capt. Na.-
tucky; Dr. Willii Carr of the Nd- thaniel Palnicr, had discovered Ant-
tional Education Association; and aretica.
Prof. Ciarles Elliott of Michigan
State Normal College,
Le A 1 IA1 1eTIE"T ra tb E'lern?,dL'I

foul' of graduating in four years. ac-
cording to a preliminary report re-
cently issued by the University Office
of Educational Investigations. I
The investigation was begun after I
1.1 _ 1- , I- , -- 4,- , ..- ,

[ xice as likely to withdraw as is the
high-ranking individual in the four-
year period,
The report emphasizes that "the
degree of similarity of the pattern

I

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