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March 05, 1938 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1938-03-05

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The Weather
Snow changing to rain today;
rising tempzratures; tomorrow
probabiy snow and colder-

t " t ctYt

tt

Editorials
Gabriele
D'Annunzio
The Fight
Against Cancer...

VOL. xLVIII. No. 110 ANI ARBOR, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, MARCH 5, 1938

PRICE FIVE CENTS

_ ._ i f ...

64 Candidates
AskForobsIn
Student Senate
ElectionFriday
P.R. Election On Campu's
To Be Held March 11;
Will Publish Platforms
Candidates To Meel.
FacultySponsors
A last minute rush of Student Sen-
ate petitions yesterday raised to 64 the
number of candidates and gave pro-
mise of a three-cornered fight with
the injection into the race of two
more parties, the Conservative and
Progressive Independent. The United
Liberal Coalition had registered Mon-
day. The campus-wide P.R. election
of 32 Senators will be March 11.
The Daily invites candidates to
present a short platform and will
print those submitted to it before
Wednesday.
All 64 candidates and others inter-
ested in the Senate will meet with
faculty members and the Senate
Sponsoring Committee at 4 p.m. Tues-
day in the Union. Those who wish
to serve as counters and clerks for
the election should report at 4 p.m.
Monday to the Union.
Candidates Listed .
The list of candidates in their order
of filing follows:
Liberal-Peace-Republican: Carl A.
Viehe, '39; Liberal: George H. Gang-
were, '39, and Tom Adams, '40.
United Liberal Coalition: Joseph I
S. Mattes, '38; Hope Hartwig, '38,
Phil Westbrook, '40, Martin B. Dwor-
kis, '40, Albert Mayio, '39, Stanley Le-
bergott, '38, Ann Vicary, '40, Jack Ses-
sions, '40, Robert H. Edmonds, Grad.,
Tom Downs, '39, George Mutnick, '39,
Joseph Gies, '39, Frances Orr, '40, Irv-
ing Silverman, '38 and Tuure Ten-
ander, '38.
Young Communist League: Philip
D. Cummins, '39; Unaffiliated; Har-
old Ossepow, '39; Student Religious
Association: Charles C. Buck, '40; In-
dependent ProgressiVe: Richard Loeb,
'40; Progressive Democracy: Rolfe 1
Weil, '40; Liberty-Equality-F'rater-
nity: Robert M. Perlman, Grad. and
Neil A. Ball, '38; Independent Con-
servative: Donald H. Treadwell, '40;
Non-Partisan: John P. O'Hara, '39.
Independents Named
Ann Arbor Independents: Cecile M.
'ranking, .39; Fraternity Liberal:
Louis H. Grossman, '40; International
Typographical Union: G. Kerby Jen-
nings,rGrad; Unaffiliated: Charles
E. Kistler, '39 and Charles S. Quarles,
'39; Liberal Conservative: Alfred H.
Lovell, Jr.; Unoffiliated: Donald C.
May, '38; International (Friends)
Council: Anand M. Kelker, '39E; Lib-
eral-Peace-Republican: Jack H. Wil-
cox, '39.
Progressive Independent: Marvin
W. Reider, '39, Seymour Spelman, '39,
Allen Braun, '40, Roland Rhead, '40
and Edward Wetter, '39; Conserva-
tive Independent: Alfred L. Baumann,
(Continued on Page 2)
Labor To Hold
Demonstration
To Show Sympathy For
Local Strikers Today
A mass demonstration of sympathy
for members of the typographical
union striking against the Ann Arbor
Press will be staged from 10 to 12
a.m. today when representatives of

organized labor in Ann Arbor, of
student organization, and members of
the typographical union in othel
Michigan cities join the picket line
in front of the Press building.
About 100 persons are expected tc
participate, in the demonstration,
according to Lewis Falstreaux, chair-
man of the strike committee. Th
Trades and Labor Council, a body
representing all unions in this city,
the local typographical union, the
Progressive Club and the Graduate
School, as well as typographica
unions from Pontiac, Detroit and
Flint will be among those organiza.
tions represented.
Literary Magazine
Issues Tryout Call
The editorial staff of the new cam.
pus literary magazine took the firs
step toward completing its personne
yesterday when it announced that i
would call a tryouts' meeting at 4:1'r
" rn A nn + inthePubicantion

Local Strikers Carry On Ioused
Above Rat Exterminator Plant
Union Official Attempting we are concerned, the picketing can
Settemen Of -Wgo on indefinitely"
Settlement Of 2Week her si of the street, on
Old Press Walk-Otu the second floor of 308 Maynard
Street, the Union local has estab-
By EARL R. GILMAN lished strike headquarters-peculiarly
Members of composition classes on!Ienough---above a rat exterminating
Mamu s ilfid msit n masea for company. Union spokesmen state:
campus will find suitable material for "We are going to strike until we
a novel equal in length to "Gone With exterminate the rats' from the Ann
The Wind" or "Anthony Adverse" if Ar borPress."
they apply immediately in the gen- Active picketing had been going on
eral neighborhood of 317 Maynard util Wednesday. Then two things
Street where a printers' strike is in jhiappened:
progress. (1.) It began to rain .heavily.
Situated at the above address is 2.) The Ann Arbor Press closed
the Ann Arbor Press which is alleged temporarily when it loaded most of
to have precipitated the present strike its employes into cars and headed
which began on Saturday, Feb. 19 toward the general direction of De-
when it fired several members of the troit.
International Typographical Union. The strikers were pretty well de-
Included was one Joseph Sobecki, the cided on the first point. They felt
day foreman, who curiously enough that it would be .silly to picket in
was fired just one day after he joined the rain-it might give Mr. Wiltse
the Union. a chance to stick his head out of a
However, Arthur J. Wiltse, co- second story window and holler out:
owner of the company, maintains. "You guys are all wet!"
'We do not fear the strike. The shop They were not quite so sure about
is operating normally and as far as why all the employes were loaded
into cars, though several spokesmen
were willing to "hazard a guess"
Ni emoeller Se t that Mr. Wiltse and Horace Pretty-
man, another owner, were taking the
people into Detroit so that they could
To Disciplinary show the National Labor Relations
Board that the complaints which the
_ NaUnion had made against the Press
Camp By l' azi were unfounded. Mr. Wiltse could
not be reached for a definite state-
ment on the above.
Gestapo Overrides Court The strikers claim that they were
Decision Giving Pastor working in abominable surroundings.
sv v g(Continued on Page 6)

Two Ex-Soviet
Ambassadors
Termned.Sies
Recalled Envoys To China
And Germany Implicated
In Great Treason Trial
Reveal Plot rTo slay
Stalin, Red Leaders
MOSCOW, March 4.---(,P4)-A letter
n secret chemical ink brought the
names of two recalled Soviet am-
bassadors today into the great web,
f conspiracies confessed by the 21
defendants in Moscow's greatest trea-
on trial.
Plotters already executed were
inked with D. V. Bogomoloff, former
nvoy to China, who was recalled un-
explainedly from Nanking last Sep-
:ember, and Dr. Constantine Youre-
neff, who was called home from Ber-
in and since has been rumored under
arrest.
The two ambassadors were named
by Christian Rakovsky, one of the
lefendants and himself once the So-
viet's ambassador to France.
The mysterious letter, addressed to,
Youreneff and signed by Gregory
Piatakoff, a former vice-commissar
of heavy industry who was executed
as a conspirator, said a certain gov-
ernment would approach Rakovsky.
It also implicated Bogomoloff.
Rakovsky said he already had met
an important public figure in Japan
and they had agreed "our aims and
those of a certain government coin-
cide."
Another sensational disclosure was
of a plan to seize the Kremlin and'
kill Joseph Stalin and other RussianI
leaders in May, 1937. Mikhail N.1
Tukhachevsky, brilliant Red Army
Marshal who has been executed, wasl
pictured as the ringleader.
In conspiracies to dismember theI
Soviet Union and build a capitalist
state on the ashes of the Soviet, the,
defendants told of plots to enlist the
aid of Germany, Japan, Great Brit-
ain, Italy and Poland.
They accused Piatakoff and Ad-
miral Vladimir R. Orloff, both of
whom died at traitors; Marshal Jan
Garmanik, who committed suicide
shortly before Tukhachevsky was
shot, and Leon Sedoff, Leon Trotsky's
son, who died in Paris last month.
The confession of Faysulla Khod-
jaieff, once president of the Uzbek
Soviet Republic and admitted leader
of a separatist movement, divulged
unsuccessful attempts to invoke Brit-
ish aid to separate middle Asia from
the Soviet Union through armed re-
volt.
Wage-Hour Bill
M nvNo Pss.

. ... .-I w 1 /-V /"V 7 .r" 4

'Do Or Die For Guam'

Sunny

Skies GTreet

California As 5-Day
Ra9n, Floods Abate

NORMAN THOMAS

Thomas

Sees

His Complete Freedom'
BERLIN, March 4.-OP)-Pastor
Martin Niemoeller, rallying point of
Protestant opposition to Nazi efforts
to dominate the Church, has been
sent to a concentration camp by the
German secret police despite his be-
ing set free by a court.
His wife collapsed when she was
told today that her husband had been,
sent to the Sachsenhausen, Saxony,
camp. His six children and friends
despaired of ever seeing him free
again when the full significance of
his detention at Sachsenhausen
dawned on them.
Many Bible Students
In that camp of about 3,400 "cus-I
todied" men are said to be nearly 1,-I
000 members of the International
Bible Students Association and others
who have run afoul of the Nazi re-
gime' for reasons of conscience.
The Gestapo, the secret police, is
claimed on good authority to be de-
termined ' none of these "offenders
against the state" would ever be re-
leased again unless they retract and
promise to change their attitude of
opposition.
Niemoeller's past gives little hope
that he is likely to come around to
the point of view of the Gestapo,
which has sole discretion as to how
long he is to be held in "protective
custody."
' Justice Minister Fails
Even the Minister of Justice, Franz
Guertmer, was reported reliably to
have been unable to save Niemoeller
from the Gestapo. He was said to
have fought against handing the pas-
tor over to the secret police.
Niemoeller, after seven months in
prison, was brought to trial and
Wednesday was sentenced to seven
months in jail and fined $600 for
attacking leaders of the State and
using the pulpit improperly.
ASK MORGAN TO RESIGN
WASHINGTON, March 4.-(A)-
Members of the Tennessee Valley Au-
I *hority called for the resignation of
' Chairman Arthur E. Morgan today in
a statement made the more emphatic
by the fact that President Roosevelt
himself released it to the press.

Jackson Gets
Empty Solicitor1
General's Postr
Congress Overwhelmingly
Approves Selection Of
'Big Business' Opponent
WASHINGTON, March 4.-(Al)-
An overwhelming 62-to-4 Senate vote
today confirmed the nomination of
Robert H. Jackson, a top-flight ad--s
ministration business adviser, to be,.t
Solicitor General. I
Jackson, now an assistant attorney
general, has been a vigorous critic of
"big business" and has been promi-
nent in drafting administration plans
to restrict monopoly. He will succeed'
Stanley F. Reed, now a justice oft
the Supreme Court.'
Jackson, a 46-year-old New Yorker,
will have charge of defending Con-
gressional enactments before the high
tribunal as Solicitor General.
The Senate vote found 54 Demo-
crats, four Republicans, two Farmer-
Laborites. one Independent and one
Progressive voting for confirmation.
Senator King (Dem., Utah) and
Senators Austin of Vermont, Half
of Maine and McNary of Oregon,

U. S. Involved
In World War.
Roosevelt Policy, Idealism,
And Nationalism Likelyt
Factors Responsible
By SAUL R. KLEIMAN v
Chauvinistic nationalism, the ideal-'1
ism of collective security and the
Roosevelt Administration's "policy of b
no policy" are the three forces thatI
make likely America's involvement in
a new world war, Norman Thomas,
three times Socialist candidate forY
the Presidency, told the audience ofa
more than 600 that crowded into the
Congregational Church yesterday.
Shaking his audience again anda
again with biting bits of ironic hu-r
mor, Mr Thomas outlined a six-
point program to fight war. He sug-5
gested:
g s . Outlines Plan i
1) Withdrawal of American troops
and nationals from China.
2) Defeat of the "Big Navy Bill" e
and utilization of the money in-!
volved for an extensive low-cost hous-
ing program.
3) Enforcement of an improvedr
nuetrality act in the Far East based
upon the cash and carry principle.
4) Revival of the Ludlow Amend-
ment bringing it to the floor of the1
House for debate.t
5) Defeat of the May Bill (form-1
erly the Hill-Shepard Bill) embody-
ing the war department's plans for
mobilization of labor and industryt
upon the outbreak of war.
6) Boycott by individuals of goods}
manufactured by aggressor nations..
There is, however, no perfect solu-
tion for the entire problem of war1
today, Mr. Thomas emphasized. In
the "long view," he said, the only
true guarantee of peace will be a
federation of socialist nations in a
"cooperative commonwealth."
Condemns Naval Policy
He heartily condemned the Vin-'
son Naval policy which, he said, com-
mits the United States to a Navy
large enough to defend both coasts
at the same time,aprotect the Pana-
ma Canal, Hawaii, the insular pos-
sessions and American interests all
over the world. "The insular posses-
sions:" he said, "some of you boys will
be happy dying for dear old Guam."
The Panay had no business to be
on the Yangtze River, Mr. Thmmas
said, explaining that if the Neutrality
Act had been enforced the gun-boat
would have been withdrawn. "The
- presence of the Panay, he said, "was
(Continued on Page 6)
To Show Art Collection
t At Alumni Memorial Hall
t A four-day exhibit of photographs
of Chinese subjects will begin today
in Alumni Memorial Hall, Shih Min
Cheng, Grad., announced yesterday.
s The collection, which is composed
of between 200 and 00 photographs,
- concerned with pre-war and artistic
subjects, shows such things as farm
life, the Imperial palace, landscapes

Utile Coinpares
University To
'Comic opera'
DETROIT, March 4.-(Special to
the Daily)-The "comic opera" that
is the modern university has made
little progress in the past decade, Dr.
Clarence Cook Little, former presi- a
dent of the University, declared last t
night. 1
Dr. Little was in Detroit to address f
the Detroit Institute of Arts on can-
cer. .
His 'comparison of university lifet
with Gilbert and Sullivan came in an
interview preceding his address. t
"The modern university," he said,
reminds me of a comic opera in
that no matter what the actors, youc
always get the same music-state po-
litical groups, alumni, athletics, andr
various educational theories-and
they are mostly all funny."'
Dr. Little declared that there has
been little advance in education since
his hectic and colorful career at
Michigan ended in 1928.
"The principles are still the same,"t
he said, "and educators still talk'
about changing them without doing
it.
"For instance," he explained, "They
are still talking about the principleN
of replacing some of the studentsi
now attending college with others notX
able to be in college-through some
system of competitive examinations
or other means. They are still try-i
ing-and failing-to place primary
emphasis on the student-to make the1
student the real reason for having an
education as it i, too many peoplee
are more interested in theories and
regulations, forms and unimportante
restrictions.
-"We trust too much," Dr. LittleI
said, "that a changing civilization
will be good to all that is kind ahd
true and beautiful and we put too
little emphasis on seeing to it that1
the student not only knows what is
kind and beautiful but also how to
fit it into the world."
The noted scientist thinks, however,1
that people on the whole. are more
tolerant than they were when he
was president of the University. "Lib-
eral ideas," he said, "are received
with much less opposition now than;
they were formerly. One reason is
(Continued on Page 2)
Brewery Explodes
Taking Lives Of 3
NEW YORK, March 4.-(IP)-Ex-
plosions described by wide-eyed wit-
nesses as "sounding like an earth-
quake" destroyed a brewerynbuilding
in upper Manhattan today, took at
least three lives, injured 15 persons
and spread incalculable damage about
the crowded neighborhood.
Hundreds of stores and apartment
buildings in a radius of many blocks
were left without windows and debris
was strewn about the streets and in
some instances upon far away lamp
posts and traffic signs.
Fire Marshal Thomas Brophy said
it appeared the blasts had been caused
by the ignition of coal dust in the
boiler rooms of the Horton Brewery
by an electric spark from a welding
machine.
District Attorney Thomas E. Dewey
ordered an investigation.
MARINES HALT 75 JAPS
SHANGHAI, March 4.-(.I')-Unit-
ed States Marine guards were re-
ported by police today to have halted
a force of 75 Japanese soldiers at
the Bubbling Well Road boundary of
the American defense sector.

Estimate

And ,Damages Reaching
Into Tens Of Millions
Railroads Expect
To Break Isolation
LOS ANGELES, March 4.-()-
Soggy southern California raked mud
and debris under sunny skies today
o determine the life and property
osses in five days of rainstorm and
lood.
Death and damage figures fluctuat-
ed with the faltering of communica-
tion lines. It seemed the toll might
be 198 lives and the devastation in
the tens of millions of dollars.
A recheck of casualties late in the
day showed 74 bodies found, 56 or
which were identified. Others re-
ported missing aggregated 124.
Many sections remained isolated
but large areas were slowly shaking
off the storm paralysis.
30 Bodies Found
Orange County appeared to be the
scene of the greatest floods. The
mad Santa Ana river, breaking over
wide areas, was roprted to have
caused 60 deaths. Thirty bodies were
found.
In Los Angeles County 30 bodies
were reported recovered, 23 of them
identified. Thirty others were re-
ported lost.
There were some 3,000 homeless in
Orange County and 2,800 refugees
in Los Angeles County alone.
County Health Officer John L.
Pomeroy of Los Angeles said there
was no danger to public health yet
evident. Food supplies were ade-
quate. Army airplanes joined in the
effort to drop supplies in the isolated
mountain areas.
The Southern Pacific expected to
break the railroad isolation of South-
ern California before morning. Sarta
Fe officials established bus connec-
tions to the Bristow area.
Limited Traffic Moves
Limited highway traffic was get-
ting through the coast highway to
Santa Barbara.
Los Angeles engineers estimated
damage in the city at $3,000,000 and
county road and bridge damage at
$8,000,000. San Bernardino reported
$500,000 damage; Pasadena $715,000,
Glendale $100,000, Santa Monica
$50,000, Glendora $39,000.
The government provided a pos-
sible agency for rehabilitation when
President Roosevelt signed a bill ex-
tending the life of the Disaster Loan
Corporation, enabling it to advance
funds to areas affected by catastro-
phies during 1938.
Fred R.. Hough
Dies At Home
University Electrician Dead
After Lingering Illness
Fred Rutherford Hough, 62 years
old, chief electrician of the Univer-
sity for 27 years, died yesterday at
his home, 1111 E. Washington St.,
after a lingering illness.
Hough was born in 1875 in Pon-
tiac. He came here from Bay City
27 years ago, and became a member
of the Ann Arbor and Washtenaw
chapter of fraternity lodge F&A.M.
and the Ann Arbor chapter of Zal Gaz
IGrotto.
Surviving are his widow, Mrs. Agnes
Hough; four daughters, Mrs. John
Burzan, Mrs. Mitchell Werwa, Ethel
A. Hough; and Mrs. Irving Coleman;
three sons, George J., Jerome F. and
Fred R. Hough, Jr.; four grandchil-
dren; and a sister, Mrs. Edward Coo-
per of Los Angeles, Calif.
Funeral services will be held at 4
p.m. tomorrow at St. Andrew's Epis-

copal Church. The Rev. Henry Lewis
will officiate. Interment will be in
Arbor Crest Cemetery.

Has 198 Dead

'38 Congress

all P4epublicans, opposed.
Senator Norris (Ind., Neb.) made
ai speech supporting Jackson, saying! Roosevelt Indicates Doubt

he would make an apt nominee for
the Supreme Court or President.

Wiliot Pratt To
Concerts On

Resume
Carillonj

Back yesterday from a two-month
stay at the Bok Carillon, Mountain
Lake, Fla., Wilmot Pratt, carillon-
neur, will resume his carillon con-
certs with a broadcast from noon to
12:30 p.m. tomorrow over WJR.
Mr. Pratt, while in Florida, worked
with the noted Belgian carillonneur,
Anton Brees. His regular noon-day
recital will begin Monday and his
Sunday series next week at I1' a m.

League Of Nations Executive
Declares Tribunal Will Not Die

For Bill As He Enters
Fifth Presidential Year
WASHINGTON, March 4.-{I'}-
President Roosevelt is beginning to
entertain doubts that wage-hour leg-
islation-important part of his legis-
lative program-will be passed by
Congress this year.
At a press conference today, he de-
clared his objectives are unchanged
and that "the old ship of state is
still on its same course," but said the
legislation to put a floor -under wages
and a ceiling over hours might not
go through this session. He made it
plain that he would like to see it get
ithrough.
The wage-hour proposal has en-
countered' strong opopsition in Con-
gress, especially from southereners
who helped kill a bill last year, con-
tending it might cripple the growing
I industries of the South. Recently a
House subcommittee decided to "be-
gin all over again" in an effort t
draft a bill acceptable to various fac
tions.
Aside from the disclosure abou
wage-hours, Mr. Roosevelt devoted
his press conference today largely to
a discussion of policy during the pas
five years, and in the future. Thi
was the fifth anniversary of his firs
inauguration.
As major objectives, he mentione
financial stability, increased pur
chasing power, and an end to specia
privileges. The already enacted cror
control law he described as a step to
ward more purchasing power and h
cited the proposed wage-hour legis
lation as a contribution to the sam
end.

By NORMAN A. SCHORR
"In the mad confusion of the inter-
national crisis, anything can happen;
but we in Geneva feel certain of just
one thing-the League will not die,"
declared Arthur Sweetser, one of the
directors of the Secretariat of the
League of Nations, yesterday after-
noon in an interview with the Daily
Mr. Sweetser, an American, who
has been connected with the League
since its inception in 1920, is in this
country to study at close hand the
points of contact between the League
and the United States, and in Ann
Arbor on a short visit with Prof.
Charles F. Remer of the economics
department.
"Any one of a dozen things may
hanuen at any moment that may,

extremely divided on the question,"
some being passionately in favor of
one form, while others as passionate-
ly in favor of the other," it was stated.
"The Covenant of the League will
not change greatly, but the method of
actual execution of its provisions will
depend on the particular political
circumstances surrounding each case.
This fact was established beyond any
doubt by Mr. Chamberlain in his
recent speech."
Mr. Sweetser referred to the Feb.
22 speech of the British Prime Min-
ister, when the latter said, "I would
not change a 'single article in the
covenant, not even Article XVI (the
sanctions article) in the hope that
some day it might be reconstituted
in such a form."

d
o I
>t
ci
t I
d
- .
e
e
e

and gardens.

Carr Believes England Will ,Not
Give Back Germany's Colonies

By ROBERT D. MITCHELL
England probably will not offer to
give Germany back its colonies to di-'
vert the recent threats at Austria
and Czechoslovakia, in the opinion
of Prof. E. H. Carr of the University
College of Wales, former Secretary
of the British Foreign Office and
University lecturer here.
Although reluctant to see any
growth of German power in Europe,

whether Germany would consent to
any agreement on its central Euro-
pean policies and also doubt as to
whether sacrifice of English colonies
would do any more than merely
postpone the German plans for Eu-
ropean expansion. Hitler, he said,
has always taken the stand that for-
eing policy was Germany's own busi-
ness and not subject to interference
by other nations .
mrl a ntinin[71- Choffa rt -nni

I
e
C

Tickets For Military
Ball To Go On Sale
Tickets for the 20th Annual Mili-
tary Ball, Friday, April 29, will go on
sale Monday at R.O.T.C. headquar-

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