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March 02, 1937 - Image 1

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Editorial
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VOL. XLVH No. 106 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 2, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Prof. Sadler Defeats
Staffan In Primary
Mayoralty Election

Republican Nominee Gets
1,734 Votes; Balloting
Is Light In Contest
Payne Wins Over
Hooper, Kraizman
Clever Beats Mayer 48-20
In 5th Ward Aldermanic
Easy Sweep
Prof. Walter C. Sadler of the en-
gineering college decisively beat
Frank W. Staffan, local business
man, for the Republican mayoralty
nomination yesterday in a city pri-
mary marked by light balloting. Jus-
tice Jay H. Payne, incumben, Aas
victorious in a triangle contest for
the Republican nomination for jus-
tice of the peace over Albert W.
Hooper and Jack J. Kraizman. I
Arbie B. Clever, incumbent, won
the aldermanic nomination in the
Fifth ward, by a 48-20 vote over El-
mer E. Mayer. Both are Democrats.
Professor Sadler, at present presi-
dent of the city council, piled up 1,-
734 votes against a total of 1,305 for
Staffan, alderman from the fourth
ward. While Staffan had leads in
the Second, Third and Fourth wards,
Professor Sadler was triumphant in
the five other precincts. -
Justice Payne led the voting in
every ward but the second precinct of
the Seventh ward, which was taken
by Hooper Kraizman received neg-
ligible returns in all wards, to total
129. Payne polled 1,601 votes, and
Hooper received a count of 1,316.
Professor Sadler will be opposed
in the April 4 elections by Arthr
C. Lehman, attorney, Democratic
candidate. The present mayor is
Robert C. Campbell, Republican.
Professor Sadler has served for
three years as alderman and for a
year as president of the City Council.
Justice Payne is a graduate of the
class of '25L. Hooper and Kraizman
are '30L and '35L respectively. Jus-
tice Payne has held the office for the
past two four-year terms.
3rd Inter-Faith
Meeting Hears
Four Speakers
Symposium Is Addressed,
By McLaughlin, Heller,
Kah And Slosson
Differing emphases on the present'
life and living, on the after-world
and on the improvement of the pres-
ent world were made by four speak-
ers Sunday in the third session of
the Inter-faith Symposium.
To know God, and in knowing Him,
to love Him and to serve Him is the
Catholic's view of life's purpose, ac-'
cording to Prof. William A. Mc-
Laughlin, of the French department,
who gave the opening speech. Em-
phasizing life after death and super-
natural wisdom, yet not neglecting
man's" earthly life, Professor Mc-
Laughlin said, doing away with pov-
erty, injustice, and the wrongs of oura
present world are the ends of man.
Cultivating character of highest
excellence by the path of righteous-
ness to be found through true knowl-
edge is the highest aim of life from
the Confucian view, Tschou-Kwong
R, Kah, Chinese Consul-General said.
True knowledge, he said, is to be de-
rived from the intensive studies of,
things "constantly nurtured by spir-
itual concentration."
What matters in life, Prof. Pres-
ton W. Slosson of the history depart-
ment declared, is not how much
good or bad there is in the world, but

how much right or evil there can be.
It is the improvement, the change for
the better, that is important, he con-
cluded.
Rabbi Bernard Heller, director of
Hillel Foundation, viewed the ques-
tion of life's purpose in terms of the
individual who so inquires. "Tem-
peramental pessimism" and general
disappointment in life, he explained,
may be the result of physical or spir-
itual ailments. Complete self-real-
ization is man's end in life, he said.

Student Strikers Turn
Tables, Won't Sit-Down
DELHI, N.Y., March 1.-(AP)-Four
hundred striking students of Dela-
ware Academy refused to sit down
in classes today.
Instead they chose to parade vil-
lage streets in protest against failure
of the board of education to renew
the contracts of two teachers.
Student leaders said the group
would not return to school until H.
B. Arthur, principal for the past 19
years, and Ruth Krusa,rmusic teach-
ers, were given contracts for next
year.
ISupreme Court
Backs F.D.R.'s
Gold Program
5 To 4 Decision Sanctions
Payments In Devalued
Currency
WASHINGTON, March 1.-()-
The Supreme Court tightened the
government's control over monetary
problems today by ruling that con-
tracts calling for payment of gold
bullion can legally be fulfilled by
payment of the face value in de-
valued paper dollars.
The 5 to 4 decision was a sequel
to a previous one applying theamd
rule to contracts stipulating pay-
ment -in gold coins.
Cardoza Gives Decision
Both decisions were victories for
the Roosevelt administration, which
in 1933 put through a resolution bar-
ring the use of gold. The resolution
was part of a policy under which
gold was retired from circulation and
the gold value of the dollar was cut.
Today's decision, delivered by
Justice Cardozo, represented a de-
feat for the Holyoke, Mass., Water
Power Co. This concern had a
40-year-old contract with the Ameri-
can Writing Paper Co. for water
power right on the Connecticut Riv-
er.
Unable to collect gold bullion, be-
cause of the Roosevelt policy, the
water power company brought suit,
demanding 35 paper dollars for each
ounce of gold involved in the con-
tract. The decision today meant,
however, that the plaintiff must be
content with only $20.67 per ounce,
the old ratio before the dollar was de-
valued.
Dissenters Listed
Cardozo said the bullion contract
"succumbs" to a "congenital infirm-
ity" in that it deals with "a subject
matter which lies within the control
of Congress."
"The disappointment of expecta-
tions and even the frustration of con-
tracts" he added, "may be a lawful
exercise of power when expectation
and contract are in conflict with the
public welfare."
Dissenters were Justices Van De-
vanter, McReynolds, Sutherland and
Butler. They also voted against the
government in the original Supreme
Court decision upholding the gold
resolution in effect.

Hopkins Gives
President Aid
In Court Plan
WPA Leader Says Change
Necessary To Continue
Social Legislation
Roosevelt Passes
Retirement Act
WASHINGTON, March 1.-Harry
L. Hopkins, .WPA administrator and
a close advisor of President Roose-
velt, defended the chief executive's
court reorganization plan tonight
with an assertion that "unless the
complexion ofthe Supreme Court
can be changed" social legislation
will be blocked by "two or three eld-
erly judges."
Hardly had he concluded a radio
speech, carrying on the unremitting
debate over the President's proposals,
than Senator Clark (Dem., Mo.), a
leading opponent, went to the micro-
phones with a speech denying the
contention that the people had given
a mandate for the President's pro-
gram. He denounced the program as
an effort to "stack" the Supreme
Court.
The exchange came after a day
which saw a burst of charges and
countercharges from both sides in
the Senate, each accusing the other
of employing "unfair" propaganda
methods.
In addition, President Roosevelt
signed the Sumners Supreme Court
Retirement Act, permitting judges of
the high bench to retire at full pay
upon reaching the age of 70 years.
Some leaders hoped for retirements
which would lessen the fury of the
dispute over President Roosevelt's
legislation to name six new justices.
"It is a plain fact at the present
time," said Hopkins, "that unless
the complexion of the Supreme Court
can be changed, two or three elderly
judges living in cloistered seclusion
and thinking in terms of a by-gone
day, can block nearly all the efforts
of a popularly-elected president and
a popularly-elected Congress to cor-
rect these (social)ills."
Neutrality Bill
Is Challenged
By Sen. Borah
WASHINGTON, March 1.-()-A
forecast by Senator Pittmann (Dem.,
Nev.) that his neutrality bill would
"keep us out of the next great for-
eign war" clashed today with a pre-
diction by Senator Borah (Rep.,Ida.)
that it would "transfer the war to our
ports."
A free-for-all debate on how to
keep America, out of strife developed
during the first day of Senate consid-
eration of the Pittmann bill.
(The measure would prohibit ex-
port of arms to belligerents; forbid
shipment of other commodities to
them until American ownership has
been transferred to the purchasers;
and give the President power to pre-
vent American ships from carrying
such goods.)
Borah argued that the bill, instead
of keeping America out of war, would
draw the country in because a bel-
ligerent would take action to prevent
its enemies' ships from loading in
American ports.
Pittman, denying Borah's conten-
tions, asserted that the bill would
not change American relations with

the belligerents except that they
would take the risk of transporting
the commodities they bought.

Men's Council
Will Definitely'
OustHell Week
By ROBERT WEEKS
MHell Week, that pre-initiation
period of objectionable practices, the
paradox of fraternity brotherly love,
will be hastened to oblivion tonight
when the Interfraternity Council de-
fines it more specifically at a special
meeting.
Abolished here, April 6, 1936 by a
resolution that has since been de-
nounced for its ambiguity, Hell Week
still exists in a mild form among
fraternitieshere. In order to re-
move its undesirable features the
Council proposes to outlaw them spe-
cifically either by adding to the reso-
lution or bringing to light past rules
made by the Council.
Two Houses Closed
Much has been written about the
brutal atrocities of this probation
period and a pamphlet prepared by
the National Interfraternity Coun-
city on "Fraternity Attitudes and
Regulations and Campus Policies and
Practices regarding Hell Week" in-
dicates a concerted disapprobation
of Hell Week among schools and
among national fraternities. Michi-
gan was among the first to make an
overt move against Hell Week when
it closed two fraternities last spring
because of "conclusive evidence of
certain Hell Week practices which
were contrary to the best interests
of Michigan fraternities as a group."
However it may be condemned for
its crudities, Hell Week is almost as
old as the college fraternity itself
and has built up in the past a wealth
of tradition and anecdote. Michigan
is no exception and many an old
fraternity man will as eagerly ex-
patiate on his informal initiation as
the football team in his time.
To Act Tonight
With the action of the Council to-
night, Hell Week will probably be-
come negligible as a campus tradi-
tion. This year's freshman will not
be able to tell his amused children of
being forced to walk up and down
stairs on a pair of skiis, of having
counted the windows in the Univer-
sity Hospital, of having tied a string
around all the trees on the campus,
or of having eaten dinner with his
fork tied to that of the freshman
across fromn i'm.
The abolition of Hell Week is be-
moaned by some fraternity men as
the demise of another "he-man"
remnant of the past, but this belief
is greatly outweighed by charges of
medievalism, sadism, and wanton in-
humanity. In the words of Dean of
Men Joseph A. Bursley, "The only
way to eliminate the undesirable
feature of these pre-initiation activi-
ties was to abolish Hell Week en-
tirely."
Floating Mines
Cripple Third
Ship Off Spain
British Pronouncements
Suggest A Renewal Of
Peace Attempts
LONDON, March 1.-UA')-Floating
mines crippled another foreign ship
off Spain today while official Brit-
ish pronouncements hinted at certain
renewal of attempts to bring Spanish
peace.
The stricken ship-third to be
menaced by mines in the ship-lanes

off Spain's east coast within five
days-was the French freighter Marie
Therese le Borgne.
She made port at Palamos, Spain,
but shipping circles showed alarm.
The place where she hit the mine
was near the spot where the British
merchantman Landovery Castle was
damaged similarly last week. More-
over, the French transport Seba re-
ported she narrowly had avoided a
mine off Barcelona.
Hope for new international efforts
to find a peaceful solution of the
Spanish war, now 7%/ months old,
was buoyed by Foreign Minister An-
thony Eden's declaration to Com-
mons that the government had pro-
posals for halting the war "constant-
ly in mind."
Joint efforts by France and Great
Britain to enlist other European pow-
ers in support of a mediation plan
several months ago proved futile.
Daily Business Tryouts
Called For Tomorrow
All persons interested in trying out

Peace Council
Talks Of Plan
For 'Sit-Down'
Suggestion For April 22
Demonstration Is Made
By Edward Stone
Several Methods
To Be Considered
The possibility of a campus sit-
down strike against war this spring
loomed last night after a statement
was issued by the Peace Council.
The Council has been considering
various methods of anti-war demon-
strations for April 22, which has been
designated as a peace day for col-
lege campuses throughout the nation,
according to Julian Orr, '37, presi-
dent. The suggestion of a sit-down
strike at Michigan came from Ed-
ward Stone, Grad., a member of the
council.
"In view of the present strike
technique," Stone said, " think a
sit-down would be appropriate."
Orr announced an open meeting of
the Peace Council for 7:30 p.m. to-
morrow in the Union, and a student
forum sometime in March. "We are
hoping to obtain expressions of stu-
dent opinion," he said, "on the type
of demonstration we should hold. The
idea of a sit-down strike is one of
the suggestions we are considering.
We should like to know what the
students think about it."
All students and student organiza-
tions are invited to cooperate this
year as they were last year, he said.
A year ago, preferring the word "dem-
onstration" to "strike," the Peace
Council sponsored a mass meeting on
the mall between the University High
School and the College of Architec-
ture. Nearly 2,000 persons braved
damp, cold weather to hear speakers
present the various points of view on
peace and war.
This year, however, the Council ap-
pears to be inclined toward a more
militant attitude, although there has
been some dissension on that point
among its members.
Consent of University officials, ob-
tained a year ago on the condition
the "demonstration" would be held
on the mall rather than in front of
the library, will be petitioned for at
the March meeting of the Board of
Regents, Orr said.
Ask Injunctions
Against Motor
Plant Strikers
DETROIT, March 1.-(P)-Two in-
dustrial concerns whose plants are,
held by sit-down striking members
of the United Automobile Workers
of America asked for injunctions to-
day against the strikers terming them
"former" employes.
Circuit Judge' Allan Campbell
signed "show cause" orders naming
400 strikers who have occupied the
Timken-Detroit Axle Co. Plant since
Feb. 23, and 58 persons in possession
of the Ferro Stamping Manufactur-
ing Co. plant since Feb. 18.
Deputies started attempts to serve
the orders.
The U.A.W.A. in its tenth day of
conferences with General Motors
leaders seeking final settlement of
issues remaining from recent strikes,
obtained settlement of a dispute that
closed Fisher Body and Chevrolet as-
sembly plants at Janesville, Wis., last
Friday.
The conferees have put in writing

temporary agreements on all but two
points of discussion-

Varsity Five Loses
To Indiana, 31-27;
Title Hope Blasted

Labor Front
(By The Associated Press)
Pittsburgh-Five steel firms an-
nounce pay increases as CIO
spokesmen open conferences with
Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corp.
Reading, Pa.-Six mills close in
strike of more than 2,000 hosiery
workers.
Boston - Strike movement is
spreading in New England shoe
factories.
Waukegan, Ill.-Judge restricts
picketing at battle-scarred Fan-
steel Metallurgical Corp. plants.
Santa Monica, Calif.-Douglas
and Northrop Aircraft factories re-
sume operations despite picket
lines.
Toronto - Approximately 1,500
strike at 24 Ontario furniture fac-
tories.
Matmen Nose
Out Hoosiers
By One Point
Wild Confusion Reigns In
Field House As Varsity
Takes 131/2-121/2 Win
By GEORGE J. ANDROS
(Daily Sports Editor)
Yost Field House was turned into
a raving madhouse last night as 1,-
000 frantic spectators cheered and
booed the accompaniment while
Michigan's title-bound wrestlers were
eking out a 13/2-12% decision over
Indiana, perennial Conference cham-
pions.
Chairs were thrown, blood was
drawn and one Hoosier was carried
into the locker room in total exhaus-
tion as the men of Coach Billy Thom
were handed their first Big Ten dual
defeat since 1930 and their second
upset in any competition in 37 starts.
In the final match, with a fall for
Indiana meaning defeat for Michi-
gan, it was the heroic struggle of
Jim Lincoln, Varsity tackle subbing
for the injured Forrest Jordan, that
brought Coach Cliff Keen's squad
victory.
Bob Haak, 230-pound Hoosier
gridder, who had pinned every op-
ponent to date, kicked chairs around,
used every epithet at his disposal and
had to be escorted from the floor be-
cause he was not convinced thatthe
had ,not pinned Lincoln in the last
stages of the thrill-packed bout. The
crowd, surging onto the floor to
watch the antics of the disgruntled
Haak, jeered lustily.
Capt. Frank Bissell, Harland Dan-
ner, Earl Thomas and Harold Nich-
ols came through in the clutch and
provided decisions that along with
(Continued on Page 3)
Union Tryouts' Meeting
Called Today By Wolf
A meeting of all freshman tryouts
for the staff of the Union will be
held at 5 p.m. today, according to
Herbert B. Wolf, '37, president of
the Union.
All tryouts, he said, whether or not
they have previously signed up,
should be present.

Michigan Defense Proves
Ineffective Against Foe's
Delayed Offense
Townsend Is Held
To Five Counters
Wolverines'Paced By Gee
With Nine Points; Etnire
Leads Hoosiers
By RAY GOODMAN
BLOOMINGTON, Ind., March 1.-
(Special to The Daily)-The state of
Indiana, both of its teams beaten
once by Michigan backfired to vir-
tually knock the Wolverines out of
a seemingly cinched Big Ten title as
the fighting Hoosiers outplayed the
Varsity, 31 to 27.
Coach Everett Dean had his boys
working a delayed offense that drew
Michigan's "giants" away from the
backboard and left the middle of the
floor open for Indiana's fast break-
ing forwards. Dean also had his de-
fense dropping in on Michigan's pivot
men breaking up the Wolverines' set
plays.
All this had been used by Purdue
at Lafayette, though not with the
same amount of success.
Also important in the Indiana vic-
tory was its continual stealing of
the tip-off thus off-setting the Var-
sity's great height advantage which
was such a great factor in defeating
the Hoosiers at Ann Arbor.
Bob Etnire, veteran senior forward,
playing his last game for I.U. led his
team's attack with 10 points. Etnire,
who once hit 125 free throws in a
row collected six of his total from the
free throw line missing only once in
seven attempts.
Michigan's height was almost use-
less. The Wolverines rarely got a
chance at any backboard play as
most of Indiana's shots were set-ups
as Bill Johnson, Ken Gunning, and
Etnire broke away from the Varsity
defense time after time.
Mysterious .Dodger
Fails To Prevent
Sadler's V ictor y
The origin of vivid orange-colored
handbills, purporting to support Prof.
Sadler in the mayoralty nomination
campaign, but obviously devised to
create prejudice against a profes-
sor's being made mayor, was swad-
dled in mystery last night, as a sur-
vey of printing establishments by
Republican leaders endeavored to de-
termine whence they came.
The handbill, any knowledge of
which was denied by both Staffan
and Sadler, is as follows:
"Vote for Professor Walter C. Sad-
ler for Mayor. March First. With
Professor Young not opposed for the
election of the Common Council, the
election of Professor Sadler will give
our city an administration of INTEL-
LIGENT UNIVERSITY PROFES-
SORS. Your vote for Professor Sad-
ler will insure that University and
State Street interests are protected
at all times. Professor Sadler for
Mayor. Professor Young for Coun-
cil President."
As a parting shot the bill offered
this line in boldface type:
"Professors Made Good in Wash-
ingtcon. Why Not 'in Ann Arbor?"
The last line led political leaders
to believe that it was unlikely that
the poster was circulated by Demo-
crats.
"I am sorry such a thing cropped
up," said Frank W. Staffan, who
claimed his first knowledge of the
handbill was when someone showed
it to him yesterday morning.

Vocational Guidance
Talk Is Given Today
The first of a series of vocational
guidance talks sponsored by the
dean's office of the College of Litera-
ture, Science and the Arts, will be
given by Dean Henry M. Bates of the
Law School at 4:15 p.m. today in
Room 1025 Angell Hall.
Dean Bates will discuss the legal
profession as a career with respect to
narcn n_1 ..rm., ma- t nv. tnr+ ifin

Kah Praises America's Assistance
To China During ReconstructionI

Modern Church Not An Antique
But A Necessity, Palmer Asserts

By EDWARD MAGDOL
American aid to China, now in a
period of feverish reconstruction and
unification, was lan'ded yesterday
by R. Tschou Kwong Kah, consul
general of the Republic of China, sta-
tioned at Chicago.
"I am very happy to be here," Mr.
Kah declared, "for the University of
Michigan has done so much for
China, directly and indirectly.
"When one goes to China," he add-
ed, "one finds so many Ann Arbor-
ites (Chinese students) doing im-
portant work, not only in official ca-
pacities, but in all fields. The fact
that Ann Arbor has such a large
representation is evidence that Mich-
igan is the most popular American
.4niu rc-tu n Oh.rc .,2 v n

In the last four years American
capitalists have forged ahead to cap-
ture the leading place among the na-
tions which participate in commer-
cial relations with China, conducting,
an annual business of $300,000,000,
Mr. Kah pointed out.
"Seven hundred American firms
are established in China, "he re-
marked further, "with American cap-
ital invested in the country aggregat-
ing $155,000,000."
Concerning international political'
affairs with the possibility of general
European war in particular, Mr. Kah
believes that China, if it must choose,
will choose alignment .with demo- i
cratic powers.
"Because of the spirit of democracy

By ALBERT MAYIO
Scoffing at the idea that church is
a survival of the past, an antique
which just lives on without intrinsic
worth, Dr. Albert Palmer, president
of the Chicago Theological Seminary,
who conferred yesterday with leaders
of local church guilds, suggested that
the church corresponds to an internal
need which every generation pos-
sesses.
Making the test of the church's
worth by imagining a churchless
world he cited the story of PitcairnI
Island, the history of a group of
mutineers who with native Tahitians
established a society on a southern
isle.
Without religion, Dr. Palmer con-
+inta +he anrnhPmacwhih mn no .mv

spiritual; the essential question is
that of human relationships," Dr.
Palmer said. "All institutions are
slow in changing to meet new needs
of the people, but I do think that
the church is responding at the pres-
ent time."
He cited the establishment of social
action groups which are delving into
timely questions of the days and
workingeo find solutions in addition
to the church's helping individuals
to form a livable pattern of life.
Communism and fascism, he said,
were the real rivals of religion, be-
cause they are, in a sense, religions
or seem to be with their bibles ,of
"Mein Kampf" or "Das Kapital," with
their "signs of the cross," such as the

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