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May 18, 1937 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1937-05-18

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The Weather

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Editorials

r .

Greta Garbo Vs.
The Boilermakers .. .

VOL. XLVII No. 164 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MAY 18, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Spain Has
WinWar'
Ministry
Dr. Juan Negrin, Socialist
Physician, Takes Reins
Of Loyalist Government
10 Posts Dropped
In Emergency Move
VALENCIA, Spain, May 17.-(P)-
Dr. Juan Negrin formed a new "Win
The War" Spanish government to-
night.
Negrin also will serve as Minister
a Socialist, heads Spain's sixth war-
time government as Premier.
Negrin also wlil serve as Minister
of Finance.
The number of seats in the new
cabinet were reduced from 19 to nine.
All ministers represent the Popular
Front political parties. The CNT
trade unions which had four posts ir
the old cabinet was left out after re-
fusal to participate..
New Ministers Chosen
The new cabinet set-up:
Foreign Affairs, Jose Giral, Left
Republican.
National Defense, Indalecio Prieto,
Socialist.
Justice; Manuel Irujo, Basque Na-
tionalist.
Interior, Julian Zugazagoita, So-
cialist.
Instruction and Health, Jesu Her-
nandez, Communist.
Agriculture, Vincent Uribe, Com-
munist.
Public Works 'and Communica-
tions, Bernardo Giner De Los Rios,
Union Republican.
Labor and Social Assistance, Jaime
Ayguade, Catalan Left Republican.
-Negrin immediately submitted the
new cabinet list to President Manuel
Azana. It was accepted at once.
Some Posts Coordinated
The new cabinet groups the min-
istries of War, Navy and Air into a
single unit in line with demands from
Communists and other factions as a
means of coordinating all armed pow-
er of the Spanish Government for a
"big push"'to victory over Insurgents.
Negrin also announced the Ministry
of Propaganda had been merged with
the Ministry of State, and that of In-
dustry with Finance.
President Azana asked Negrin to
form a new government when Fran-
cisco Largo Caballero, veteran leader
of Spanish Socialism, gave up the task
of reorganizing his ministry. Largo
Caballero's government resigned Sat-
urday.
Negrin, who was Largo Caballero
treasury minister, declared he would
seek the support of all parties op-
posed to the Fascist Insurgents.
Ainorebieta Beseiged
VITORIA, Spain, May 17.-)-
Insurgents besieging Bilbao tonight
pushed their lines within 500 yards of
the important town of Amorebieta,
10 miles Southeast of their seaport-
objective.
Making no attempt to enter the
town, which officers said appeared
deserted ,the troops took positions to
drive around it and gain the trunk
highway leading to Bilbao.
Northeast of Amorebieta, the In-
surgents captured the town of
Echano.
The advance, leaders said, left the
troops facing the Basque's triple line
of trenches, part of Bilbao's last ring
of defense fortifications.
Amorebieta, which previously had

been reported unofficially to have
been burned, was seen to be more or
less intact but it was believed the
Basques had left as there was no sign
of life.
P
Progressives
To Hear Davis
TalkTursday
Joe Lee Davis of the English de-
partment will discuss ."The Prole-
tarian Novel" at the last meeting for
this semester of the Progressive Club
at 8 p.m. Thursday, May 20, on the
Union Terrace.
Officers for next year will be elected
and the executive committee will pre-
sent a report on the action of the
University in extending recognition to
the new liberal organization.
At the last meeting of the Univer-
sity Committee on Student Affairs,
the Progressive Club was recognized
on condition that the group not af-
filiate with any national or:ganiza-

Acacia Volleys And Thunders
Into First Place In Song Contest
Center Of Diagonal Made Phi rendered a rousing cheer for Al-
Temporary 'pha Delta Phi.
Temporary Bd Weird were the gesticulations of a
For 2,000 Spectators number of the conductors and in one
case it became a race between the
By ROBERT FITZHENRY singers and the conductor to get to
Forty iron-lunged sons of Acacia the down-beat first.
oryd irnd-unred sons's Acaca More than one voice failed to reach
volleyed and thundered "Here's to the heights they were suddenly called
Acacia" last night and annexed the upon to attempt, but the bretheren
first-place crown in the second an- were on guard for such contingencies
nual Interfraternity Sing held on the and promptly drowned out the
scracked notes with a Joe E. Brown-
steps of the General Library.I swell of volume.
More than 2,000 good-natured v John W. Collins, '39, of the Sigma
spectators crowded the semi-circle in Chi led the group singing of Michigan
front of the library and applauded songs.
the melodic efforts of the 700 men "Buck" the Theta Chi Great Dane
who represented 20hfraternities, earned an ovation from the audience
After rendering their "Sweetheart when he accompanied the members of
of Sigma Chi" twice because of the his house to the platform and squat-
alleged interference of the carillon ted in the front row. "Buck" prudent-
tolling the hour, Sigma Chi was ly refrained from further participa-
awarded second prize (George Cos- tion, however.
per acted as master of ceremonies) The whole affair was conducted
while third-place honors went to Beta with a well-planned precision that
Theta Pi. enabled the ceremonies to conclude
Acacia was asked to repeat its before dark.
prize-winning song and obliged. Sig- Plans are being made to include
ma Chi then followed suit with an women in the sing next year, it was
unsolicited encore, and Alpha Delta announced.

Administration
Shapes Flood
Control Plans
Senate Approves Probe
Of Public Utilities
Propaganda
WASHINGTON, May 17.-(/P)-
President Roosevelt and advisers
shaped a comprehensive power and
flood control program at a White
House conference today.
With three Cabinet officers and
members of his power policy com-
mission the President went over the
subject, preparatory to sending a
message to Congress this week. One
subject discussed was the idea of
setting up a series of "little TVA's"
throughout the country.
Meantime the Senate, with vir-
tually no debate, voted to direct a
two edged inquiry into "propaganda"
by utilities and by government agen-
cies. The resolution ordered the Fed-
eral Trade Commission to investigate
"alleged efforts" of utilities concerns
to control opinion of the public vs.
private ownership issue. An amend-
ment also approved rqcuired the
commission to look into rival activi-
ties of various new administrative
agencies.
The resolution, which requires ap-
proval by the House, authorize a
$150,000 outlay. Senator Norris
(Ind., Neb.) public ownership cham-
pion who sponsored the original in-
quiry resolution, offered no objection
to the amendment, which was offered
by Senator King (Dem., Utah). King
spoke of "propaganda" by the TVA,
PWA, Rural Electrification Commis-
sion and other agencies.
Mayor Sadler's
AppointmentsI
IWin Approval
All the appointments of Mayor
Walter C. Sadler for city offices were
approved last night at the meeting
of City Council.
William Laird was renamed city
attorney, William Verner was ap-
pointed city treasurer, Herman Fol-
ske was chosen fire commissioner and
Herbert L. Frisinger was appointed to
the post of police commissioner.
Charles Rabideau and B. A. Hil-
bert were appointed to the Board of
Public Works, Mrs. Elizabeth Burns
and Mrs. Gladys L. Mullison were
chosen for the market committee and
Florence Bartell and Mrs. Susan
Finkheimer were named to serve on
the day nursery board.
The city budget of $370,871.61 for
next year was approved at the meet-
ing, and the city will ask that money
hat has been appropriated by the
federal government for a music shell
in West Park be released to the gen-
eral fund for other purposes, and a
small part of it be set aside to con-
struct a platform there.
Dog Racing Comes
Up Before Senate
LANSING, May 17.-(/P)-Threats

Pigeons And Thetas
Foil Open Air Move
A t Phi Delt House
At an impromptu' meeting of Phi
Delta Theta fraternity last Saturday
afternoon it was decided that Broth-
ers John Stewart and Phil Wood-
worth, absent at the time, were not
taking full advantage of the benefits
of nature such as fresh air, birds and
the like.
The matter was discusseduatbsome
length and a motion was put before
the house and unanimously passed to
the effect that such a state of affairs
was not to be tolerated and therefore
said brothers were to be put in a
position more conducive to the en-
joyment of said benefits, steps to be
taken immediately.
Steps were taken. Their worldly ef-
fects and possessions were moved to
the roof of the front porch of the
Phi Delt manse and set up in perfect
order right down to the dirty sox on
the floor. When Stewart and Wood-
worth returned, they found pictures
hung on their one wall, paper in
the typewriter, and the radio turned
on.
They would still be on their pre-
carious perch, they stated, had it
not been for inclement weather,
exasperating pigeons and anticipa-
tory stares from the Theta house di-
rectly across the street.
Morley To Give
Hopwood Talk
Before Awards
Announcement Of Contest
Winners Will Be Made
On June 2
Christopher Morley, wel-kngw'n
essayist and lecturer, will deliver the
annual Hopwood lecture at the Union
June 2, according to Prof. Roy W.
Cowden of the English department,,
director of the Hopwood Awards.
The awards, which will be made at
the same time, are given every year
at the conclusion of the competitions
in student creative writing provided
for by the Hopwood Endowment.
They include major prizes of $2,000 or
less in drama, poetry, fiction and es-
say, and two minor awards of $250
in each field.
Last year Mr. Morley was unable
to fulfill a similar speaking engage-
ment because of illness. Best known
for his informal essays, he has been
an editor of The Saturday Review of
Literature for several years. The
topic for his talk this year is not yet
known Professor Cowden stated.
Previous Hopwood lecturers include
Robert Morse Lovett, Max Eastman,
Zona Gale and Henry Hazlitt.
'Ensian Editorial
IStaff Meets Today
There will be a meeting of fresh-
man and sophomore tryouts for the
'Ensian editorial staff at 4 p.m. today
in the 'Ensian office, according to
John E. McFate, '38, newly-appointed
managing editor.
Freshmen and sophomores inter-
ested in next year's 'Ensian staff are
invited to attend. Students inter-
ested in photography should also re-
port today, McFate said.

Highest Court
Upholds Taxes
On 'Largeness'
Confirms Louisiana State
Tax On Chain Stores,e
According To Sizet
Social Security ActF
Not Yet Decided OnI
WASHINGTON, May 17.--(P)-
The Supreme Court upheld a "tax ont
bigness" today, impressing its seal
of constitutionality on a much dis-o
puted law of Louisiana's Huey Longs
period.F
By a 4-to-3 decision it sustainedt
that state's tax on chain stores, a1
graduated levy under which the lar-
ger chains pay a greater tax on each
individual store than do their lesss
far-flung competitors. s
The verdict was one of nine an-f
nounced at today's session. To the
disappointment of a packed court
room, these did not include, however,
a decision on the constitutionality of
the taxes imposed by the Social Se-
curity Act for the support of its un-
employment insurance and old age
pension provisions.
Two More Opinion Days
Last of the important New Deal
cases in the keeping of the Court at
this term, these cases will be decided
either next Monday, or on Tuesday,
June 1, the only remaining "opinion
days" before the Court rises for thep
summer recess.o
In the day's only decision affectingi
laws of the Roosevelt Administra-s
tion, the Court divided 8 to 1, to up-d
hold a provision of last year's tax
bill establishing procedure for per-t
sons seeking refunds of processing
taxes paid under the old Agriculturalt
Adjustment Act, which was held un-
constitutional in January 1935.-
Associate Justices Van Devanter
and Stone, for unannounced reasons,b
took no part in the chain store taxe
decision. Of the seven who did, Chiefo
Justice Hughes, and Associate Jus-r
tices Brandeis, Roberts and CardozoI
voted that the law was valid, whilec
Associate Justices McReynolds, Suth-
erland and Butler dissented.
'Tax On Bigness',
Repeatedly denounced as a "tax'
on bigness" because the basis of the '
levy was the number of store units1
operated not only in Louisiana butg
throughout the country, the tax was
contested by the Great Atlantic ands
Pacific Tea Company and numerous'
other chains.a
In other decisions handed down to-s
day:
The Court sustained an order ofs
the Interstate Commerce Commis-
sion directing certain railroads toc
cease making refunds to five indus-s
trial concerns for moving freight carse
about their own plants.c
The Court held that Francis E.
Beach, of Trumbull, Conn., who re-i
ceived more than half his incomet
from renting farm properties quali-c
fled as a farmer under the Frazier-
Lemke Farm Mortgage Moratoriumc
Act. -
Third Hearing
In Strike Case
Expected Soon
Bernsten IsT o Be friedl
For Disorderly Conduct,
Slater For Profaity

Joseph Bernstein, '39, arrested for
disorderly conduct in connection with
picketing here April 8, and Myron E.
Slater, owner of the College Book
Shop, charged with using indecent'
language at the same demonstration,
are expected to come up for trial early
this week in Justice Jay H. Payne's
court.
The time of the trials depends on
when City Attorney William Laird7
and Slater's lawyer, Frank B. DeVine,j
have to appear in Circuit Court. Cir-
cuit Court cases take precedence over{
Justice Court.1
Bernstein, who was arrested during
the picketing in front of the City
Hall, will be tried before Justice
Payne. Slater will have a jury trial.
Robert C. B. Campbell, Grad., swore
out a warrant on April 22 charging
Slater with disorderly conduct and
using immoral language in a public
place, the same charge on which Ed-
ward Magdol, '39, reporter for The
Daily, Arnold Kambly, '38, and Paul
Christman were arrested at the dem-
onstration.

Tells Of Recovery Policies1
Followed By His Nationu
During Last Few Yearsp
Our economic problem of the pres-e
ent may not be so much in checking a u
boom as in getting prosperity, Prof.f
Bertil Ohlin, internationally known t
economist from Stockholm, told the p
Economics Club last night in thee
Union.f
Prosperity, he continued, depends I
on a balance between the total vol- t
ume of output and employment onv
the one hand and volume of invest-0
ment in heavy goods industries on the
other. If we are ;o have relatively
stable employment and production, i
Professor Ohlin said, it follows thenp
that there must be a certain stabilityp
in the investment field. ti
The volume ofreal investment ina
the United States is too small, Profes- b
sor Ohlin indicated, and consequent-f
Short Ceremony1
Will Highlighta
Swingout Here'
Seniors Are To Assemblet
On Diagonal For March
To Hill Auditorium r
A short, symbolical ceremony de-a
picting the Swingout as it originatedI
on campus will be one of the high-
lights Sunday when the traditional s
senior affair is to be held at Hill Au-h
ditorium.
First the seniors will gather aroundc
the spokes of the diagonals, accord-
ing to the different schools, prepara-
tory to the march. The Varsity Con-
cert Band will be situated in front of
the Library and will lead the march.1
Beginning at the front of the Li-
brary, the procession will head south-
east on the main diagonal and west
on South University Avenue, thence
north on State and east on North
University to Hill Auditorium, ac-
cording to William Bates, '37, who
is in charge of the march.
After the arrival at Hill Auditor-l
ium, a short program is .planned, ac-
cording to Franklin T. Dannemiller,
37, head of the Swingout commit-
tee. Prof. A. D. Moore of the en-
gineering school, the main speaker,
will explain the significance of
swingout.i
Following the address, Al Deweyh
and Gustav Collatz, presidents of thea
senior classes of the literary and the
engineering schools respectively, willn
speak briefly.
This will be followed by a shorto
ceremony. The committee for the i
swingout has arranged to have pres-
ent the presidents of the four classes
of both literary and engineering
olleges. They will seat themselves
in rows as did the classes of old in
the University chapel. The seniorv
class officers will then symbolicallyv
"Swing" over into the position oc- t
cupied by therfreshmen, and the other
classes will move up a notch. I
During this time the band willa
play "I'll Ne'er Forget My Collegen
Days." The program will then bet
concluded by the singing of the "Yel-
low and Blue" by all those partici-
pating in the swingout.
The various stores on campust
which are handling the caps anda
gowns have announced that the
gowns may be obtained up until Sat-t
urday . Seniors may procure thet
necessary robes for the ceremony atf
an extra charge of 25 cents. 1
Pollock Seeks
Expense Limit
For Election

Prof. James K. Pollock, speaking
yesterday before a United State, Sen-
ate elections subcommittee at Wash-
ington, advocated the creation of, a
permanent elections commission,
under civil service, to police congres-
sional campaign expenditures, ac-
cording to Associated Press dis-
patches.
Professor Pollock asserted "indis-
criminate and diffused campaign ex-
penditures should be bottled up." He
advocated a substitute plan offered
by Sen. Gerald P. Nye (Rep., N.D.),
for the 1925 Corrupt Practices Act.
Nye disclosed that Pollock wrote a
large portion of the substitute bill.
'Spain In Flames' Will
Not Be Exhibited Here
The film, "Spain in Flames," which

Get Prosperity First,Then Check
Boom, Swedish Economist Says

ly the degree of employment of na-
tural and labor resources is not up to
what it should be if a balanced pros-
perity is to be attained.
The most dangerous fact in our
economy today, he believes, is the
unbalance in the insistent demand
for durable goods and underutiliza- Z
tion of our resources which forces
prices up to a greater degree than in-
comes. To correct this state, Pro-
fessor Ohlin said, we must increase
the supply of productive resources,
train skilled labor, and see that d
wages wtih other costs do not get out
of balance.
Keep Costs Low
There are two essential conditions
for prosperity, he continued, a sup-,
ply of productive resources andg
profit expectation. If profits aret
o be cut optimismmay be checked
and a slump might come before a
boom is ever reached, he said. There- t
fore it is essential, he implied, thatZ
costs be kept low enough to induce n
business men to expand.o
Professor Ohlin believes that the F
brakes should be applied to a boom
only when definite dangers threatenS
and that recovery should not be
slowed artificially till these dangers a
assume some proportion.-
Speaks In Afternoon
When slight decline is evidenced in C
the upward trend of business, poli-
cies such as lowering interest ratesd
and costs and prices should be car- F
ried out, he said, so that real in- h
vestments may be made more profit- o
able.
In the afternoon lecture in the h
Natural Science Auditorium Profes- p
sor Ohlin described recovery meas- h
ures used in Sweden that seem to t
have paralleled our own.
Sweden, he said, forced to depre-
ciate its currency because of the i
Kreuger debacle which exhausted the A
ountry's foreign exchange, stabilized i
(Continued on Page 2)e
p
War Will See 1
Neutrality Fail
Slosson Claims b,
New Methods Of Warfare t
Is Reason, Institute Ofh
Adult Education Is Toldt
The present neutrality law prohib-t
ting traffic in arms with belligerentsu
is doomed to failure in the event of
a general European war, Prof. Pres-
ton W. Slosson of the history depart-
ment told the fifth annual institute U
of Adult Education at a dinner meet-t
i
ng last night. i
t
"The difficulty arises from the c
change in the method of carrying on ti
war under modern conditions," Pro-
fessor Slosson said. "At one time it
was possible to define munitions of r
war in a narrow sense, but at presentd
there is almost nothing which mayC
not be of utility to a belligerent."G
Cotton, oil, copper and fats were
among the things Great Britain found i
necessary to list as contraband in i
the last war, he pointed out, while=
the difficulty of applying League of
Nations sanctions against Italy in thec
Ethiopian war grew out of the ques-d
tion of oil for the Italian trucks ands
airplanes.
"By an embargo on munitions in
the narrow sense we should only
touch the edges of the problem," Pro-
fessor Slosson went on, "and a broad
interpretation included everything
which might be useful to a warring
nation should be so extensive that it
could scarcely be maintained in a
general war, and almost, certainly
would result in a major depression."''
Solution of the problem of neutral-

ity can only be found in the cessation
of peace-time munitions sales and
cooperation with the "governments,
parties and agencies abroad still seek-
ing to maintain peace," Professor'
Slosson concluded. Real security lies'
only in prevention of general wars, he
declared, and the United States can
best aid in this by throwing her en-
tire diplomatic and economic influ-
ences behind the efforts of those
forces which are working for peace.
The Adult Education Institute is
designed to bring Michigan club
women and others interested in edu-
(Continued on Page 2)
Fraternity Council
Asks For Petitions
Anyone wishing to petition for the
presidency of the Interfraternity
Council should hand in six copies of
their petition before noon tomorrow
to John Mann. '37, secretarv-treas-

C10 Prepares
For Contests
At Three Big
Labor Centers
Lewis Starts Campaigning
For 2,000,000 Workers
In New York Area
Pittsburgh, Detroit
Elections Are Near
(By Associated Press)
The Committee for Industrial Or-
ganization prepared for contests in
three great labor centers yesterday.
The John L. Lewis forces started
their campaign among an estimated
2,000,000 workers in the New York
metropolitan area, with the prospect
of locking horns with the American
Federation of Labor.
At Pittsburgh, the CIO-affiliated
Steel Workers Organizing Commit-
tee rallied its strength for an import-
ant election to determine whether it
would be the sole bargaining agency
for all the Jones and Laughlin Steel
Corporation's 27,000 employes.
The election, set for Thursday un-
der supervision of the National Labor
Relations Board, was regarded as
holding the key to the SWOC's plan
of action against other large inde-
pendent steel producers, five of whom
have been against other large inde-
pendent steel producers, five of whom
have been marked for early demands
that the union be given contracts.
Ford Unionizing Begins
Another CIO group, the fast grow-
ng United Automobile Workers of
America, prepared in Detroit to shift
nto high gear in its drive to enroll
enough Ford Motor Company em-
ployes to bring Henry Ford into the
ist of automobile makers who have
recognized the union.
The UAWA committee directing the
task met last night to consider wheth-
er charges of intimidation against
Ford would be filed with the labor
board because of cards bearing Ford's
deas on labor unions which were
istributed to 150,000 employes yes-
erday.
Homer Martin, U.A.W.A president
hrading the committee, said the dis-
ribution to Ford workers today of
Fordism" cards containing the mo-
tor car manufacturers' views on labor
unions occasioned the meeting.
UAWA Moves On Ford
DETROIT, May 17. - W) - The
United Automobile Workers Commit-
ee directing the campaign to union-
ze Ford Motor Co. workers adjourned
onight without deciding whether to
harge Henry Ford with employe in-
imidation.
The committee composed of offi-
cers of the international union and
the principal organizers will meet
regularly this week although Presi-
dent Martin will leave tomorrow for
California to confer with UAWA lo-
cals in Los Angeles and Oakland.
'First step in the formal campaign
to organize Ford workers will be open-
ing of two union headquarters in
Dearborn, home of Ford Motor Co.
Aa union spokesman said no spe-
cial fanfare was planned for the Ford
drive but that "steady plugging all
summer" was certain.
Contemporary
Features -Ne a l

In Issue Today
The last issue of Contemporary for
this year will be on sale at various
points on campus today.
Featured in this issue will be an
article on the college newspaper by
Fred Warner Neal, '37, former asso-
ciate editor of The Daily. Neal dis-
cusses the proper function of the
newspaper on campus and considers
sensationalism and censorship.
The issue will also contain an ar-
ticle on the Sprir.g Parley, an article
on the Peace Demonstration, and a
criticism of the articles on education
published in the December and March
issues.
The short stories are by Eleanor
McCoy, '39, Harry Purdy, '39, and F.
Randall Jones, '38. Poetry in the
issue is by Edith Folkoff, '37, Clement
Staff, '37, Bernice K. Isadcson, Grad.,
Elizabeth Allen Grad., Frank M. Con-
way, '40 and Norman Rosten, Spec
Rosten has previously contributed
poetry to such national publications
as "Partisan Review," "Poetry Mag-
azine," and the "New Masses."
The review section features a dis-
cussion of W .H Aiiren h Tj nr_

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