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February 24, 1937 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1937-02-24

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The Weather,

L

Sir igan

~ ait

Editorial
For Rlations
With Notre Dame.

Cloudy and warer,
erate westerly winds.

in ad-

4

VOL. XLVII No. 101 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, FEB. 24, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Plan Carnival
To Aid Pool,
Dorm Funds
Event Called 'Michigras'
Will Have Side-Shows,
Booths, Ferris Wheel

LawAndMedical Students Recall
Mad-Glad'ProhibitionDrinking

New Loyalist
Capital Fears;
Rebels' Guns

Cappon Outwitted Purdue Coach
To Get First Victory Since 1932,

10 Campus Groups
Are To Cooperate
The "Michigras," a full-sized car-
nival with booths, sideshows and the
customary carnival features will be
held April 23 and 24 in the Yost
Field House to raise funds for the
Men's Dormitory Project and the
proposed women's swimming pool, ac-
cording to Willis H. Tomlinson, '37,
general chairman..
The event will be sponsored by 10
University organizations, and the
Women's Athletic Association and
will be presented by more than 500
students, Tomlinson said.
Biggest Event Since 1924
The Michigras will be the biggest
mass event at the University since
the Union Fair in 1924, the circus
whose proceeds built the Michigan
Union swimming pool. Plans have
been made to bring in a merry-go-
round, a Ferris wheel and a number
of other concessions, which will be
erected inside the Field House, Tom-
linson said. ' A floor show, of nature
as yet undetermined, will take place
twice an evening in the center of the
Field House, and Mimes, campus dra-
matic society, will also present a
program of entertainment, possibly
in a separate tent from the "big
show," he added.
"Animal shows, clowns, the band,
a grand march of performers and
partakers, prizes for the best booths
and the best acts, dancing with the
campus's best dance bands, an auc-
tion of merchandise donated by local
merchants, special editions of the
Michigras Claijon, pageants and tab-
leaux, will be incorporated in the
Michigras," Tomlinson said.
Societies Will Cooperate
The following societies will coo
erate in the presentation: the Men s
Council, Michigamua, Druids, Sphinx,
the Women's Athletic Association and
other organizations as yet not con-
tacted, according to Tomlinson. Fra-
ternities, sororities and all other
campus groups will also be given an
opportunity to take part, he said.
The women's swimming pool is a
project toward which the University
women have been working for years.
Plans for the:construction of a pool
adjacent to Palmer Field House have
already been drawn.
"The Michigras intends to give stu-
dents, townspeople and visitors a
good time," Tomlinson stated, "be-
sides firing the starting gun in the
University centennial and raising
funds for the swimming pool and
dorm."
City Political
Places Sought
By Professors,
Sadler Seeks Mayor Post;
Young Is A Candidate
For CityCouncil
With pre-primary campaigning ac-
tivity entering its final week, personal
campaigning for local political posi-
tions is increased, with several
University faculty members in the
running for mayor and aldermen.
Prof. Walter C. Sadler of the en-
gineering department, is a candidate
for the office of mayor of Ann Arbor,
opposed in the Republican primary by
Frank Staffan, local business man.
Professor Sadler is at present presi-
dent of the City Council, and has
served as alderman for the past three
years.
Much interest Is centered in the
three-cornered race for justice of the
peace between Justice Jay H. Payne,
Albert Hooper, and. Jack Kraizman
for the Republican nomination.
Prof. Leigh J. Young of the for-

es ry school is a candidate for presi-
dent of the City Council.
There has been considerable spec-
ulation over the outcome of the may-
oralty nomination, as the Democrats
are reported to be supporting Staffan,
with the view of pitting Arthur C.
Lehman, local attorney, as the Demo-
cratic candidate in the elections to
be held April 4.
As President of the City Council,
Professor Sadler has favored reduc-
tions on taxes and improvements in
rcreational ri andnavr facilities

Bad Liquor, High Prices
Leave Indelible Place In
Student Memories
More students drink less of better
liquor now than before the repeal of
prohibition, in 'the opinion of many
Law and Medical School students
who were attending the University
while the 18th amendment was still
in effect.
Drinking in the "mad-glad" pre-
depression days was more expensive
than it is now and the liquor, col-
loquially termed "rot-gut," was no-
torious for its ravages she "morning
after," one medical student said. He
also said that besides the decreased
instances of emesis and head-split-
ting hangovers, repeal has had a
salubrious effect on undergraduate
drinking because it has given stu-
dents another course of action than
furtively drinking in the seclusion of
their fraternity and rooming houses.
Less Glamor Today
Most of the graduate students ques-
tioned agreed that the manner of
drinking today is less glamorous than
when Waldo and Mert, Ann Arbor's
two famous rival bootleggers, pur-
veyed the "stuff" to your door step.
"Because of the sub rosa air in which
drinking was done five years ago, it
was favorite topic of conversation
more than it is today," one lawyer
observed, "Whereas going down to
the liquor store today has no more
mystery attached to it' than going to
the A&P."
The underlying motives for drink-
ing among students in Ann Arbor
have not changed, for they could
not be materially revised by the 18th
amendment, one lawyer declared.
This statement was in agreement with
Prof. Robert C. Angell of the so-
ciology department who wrote a study
of undergraduate life, "The Campus."
Professor Angell said that though he
was no longer intimately 1iough con-
nected with social life on the campus
to discern all the effects of repeal,
that the tendency to continue drink-
Review Rules
On Eligibility
For Activities'
Students Receiving 'D' Or1
E' Grades Are Banned
From Activities
Eligibility requirements for stu-
dents engaging in Campus activities
were reviewed yesterday by the Com-
mittee on Student Affairs.
Students who received marks of D
or E last semester are prohibited from
participating in any campus activity
except by special permission of the
committee. However, students who
received no grades of E last semes-
ter and whose hours of D grade are
offset by an equal number of hours
of B or one-half that number of A
grade may be declared eligible with-
out this special permission.
No student is allowed to take part
in anycampus activity during his
first year of residence in the Univer-
sity except by special permission of
the committee. Second semester
freshmen, however, can obtain spe-
cial permission if they have complet-
ed one full semester's work (15 hours
or more) with at least one mark of
A or B and with marks of not less
than C in the balance of their work.
Students spending their first se-
mester on the campus, but who are
not freshmen, may obtain special
permission provided their work in the
institution from which they came
meets the requirements of the eligi-

bility committee.
Foe Of Hitler
To Give Tall
On Germany
Prince Hubertus Loewenstein, mili-
tant member of the German Catholic
Center Party and opponent of Hitler,
will speak on "Germany, Today and
Tomorrow" at 4 p.m. Friday, Feb. 26,
in the League Ballroom.
Hubertus Friedrich, Prince zu Loe-
wenstein-Wertheim Freundenberg,
Count of Loewenstein-Scharffeneck,
who is the author of "The Tragedy
of a Nation, Germany 1918-1934" and
"After Hitler's Fall, Germany's Com-
ing Reich" is being brought to Ann

ing both during and after prohibition
showed what any sociologist could
tell you: it is impossible to change
people fundamentally by acts of leg-
islation.
Liquor Superior Today
Liquor consumed today is superior
to that obtained in the days of the
"speak," all of the medical students
said, and this means that it is cap-
able of less harm when consumed in
the same quantity as the former "rot-
gut" was, they said. During the
time of prohibition "alky" was one
of the mainstays of most of collegian's
drinks, according to one medical stu-
dent, and to this alcohol was add-
ed fruit juices, extract of juniper ber-
ries or some other material to make
the fiery "alky" enurable to the
point of getting it down.
Today, beer and ale, hithreto un-
(Continued on Page 2)
Michigan Daily
Calls Tryouts
For Tomorrow,
Eligibility Requirements
Are No Grade Below 'C'
And One 'B'
Second-semester freshmen and
sophomores desiring to become mem-
bers of The Daily editorial staffs are
asked to report at 4 p.m. tomorrow
at the Student Publications Building,E
Maynard Street.
This includes persons who are in-
terested in the editorial staff proper,
the sports staff and the society staff.'
Until staff appointments are made
in May, tryouts will become acquaint-
ed with Daily organization and style
by working once each week on the
night desk and by writing minor
stories.
Upon announcement of appoint-
ments, tryouts retained for their
sophomore year will become reporters
of news from University departments,
divisions of the Ann Arbor govern-
ment, extra-curricular campus or-
ganizations and other regular sources
of news. They will continue to work
on the night desk once each week.
Reporters retained until May of
their sophomore year will be eligible
for a night editorship, which entails
editing The Daily one night each
week. A salary of $12.50 monthly is
given each night editor.
From among the night editors the
Board in Control of Student Publica-
tions will select senior editors the
following May. Positions available in
the senior year are the managing ed-
itorship, two associate editorships, all
of which entail a yearly salary of
$320 and senior board memberships,
which entail yearly salaries of $160.
CALL FOR 'ENSIAN TRYOUTS
Tryouts for the business staff of the
'Ensian will be held for freshmen
and sophomores Monday at 4:15 p.m.
in the Student Publications Bldg., ac-
cording to Lloyd Strickland, '37, bus-
iness manager.

Michigan's Win Laid To
7 Major Causes; Young
Wa qsn&rly Gavirded

Arrest Couple
For Neglecting
BabyIn Auto
For neglecting their baby and leav-
ing it locked in a car, Mr. and Mrs.
Byron Reynolds, aged 27 and 21 re-
spectively, of Jackson, are to appear
at 10 a.m. today before Justice Jay
Payne.
After an officer had failed in his
attempt to pry open the car, and
left to call the police station, stu-
dents, who had gathered around, suc-
ceeded in opening one of the doors
with crow bars, and axes and freeing
the one-year-old James.
When the officer returned, the
crowd that had opened the door had
dispersed and left the baby in the
car. He was taken to police head-
quarters, and the parents were
brought down later.
They were questioned by Mrs. Ma-
ria Peal, friend of the court, and re-
leased to appear today.

subjects of Haile 6elassie, once proua
Lion of Judah, "liquidated" following
sudden hostility last Friday when
Marshal Graziani and other members
of his vice-regal suite were wounded
by hand grenades from a band of na-
tives, approaching as if to receive
gifts.
Exactly how many Ethiopians were
shot today was hidden in the vague-
ness of an official communique, which
said merely that all those found to
possess weapons had been summarily
executed.
Unofficially, it was estimated the
dead already numbered more than
100.
Tryouts For Gargoyle
To Be Held Tomorrow
All eligible second semester fresh-
men who wish to tryout for the Gar-
goyle business or editorial staffs
should report to the Publications
Building today, Grant Barnes, '37,
business manager, and Gilbert Tilles,
'37, managing editor, announced.
Business staff tryouts are to report
at 4 p.m., editorial staff tryouts at 5
1p.m.__ _ _

Valencia Threatened As I w By RA y OOD A
Madrd Rsouds ithBy RAY GOODMAN
Madrid Resounids With Purdue was not "off." And we hope
Crashes Of Artillery that will spike those unfounded
rumors that Michigan's Varsity bas-
S' A ketball team caught Purdue's Rivet-
g ~es ers on a bad night and picked up its
May Be Converging 31 to 16 victory when the Boilermak-
ers were on the down beat.
No sir, the 9,100 spectators who
MADRID, Feb. 23.-UP)-Spain's filled the bleechers, the balconies,
popular front government, which fled the aisles, and overflowed into the
from besieged Madrid Nov. 7, was rafters saw a smart, well coached
threatened tonight by an insurgent team, keyed to the limit by a year of
army pushing toward the administra- waiting and the urgings of the sit-
tion's Valencia headquarters from the uation, outplay the heretofore un-
northwest. beatable Boilermakers.
Madrid itself resounded to the The drubbing had a variety of ef-
crash of government and insurgent
attacks and counter-assaults on every 9 0
close-in front. Late in the day Gen- Rifies Dem and
eral Jose Miaja, commander of Ma-
drid government forces, announced Full Submission
his men on the Jarama Valley front,
where the opposing forces are fight-
ing for vital communication arteries O f Ethiopians
had seized important Pingarron Hill
after 10 hours of battle.
The insurgent force in the Aragon Recent Outbreaks Bring
region was reported to have attacked. A
the town of Viver, Down Italian Army sl
Simultaneously, insurgent planes Wrath On Natives
twice raided Valencia, loosing incen-
diary bombs in the port section. Dam- A
age was slight but authorities sai ADDIS ABABA, Feb. 23.-(P-The
tgey expectedmoreuai autht esat lmonotonous crackle of a firing
they expected more air attacks to fol- squad's rifles warned Ethiopians
low. army, which with merciless lead today: "Submit!"
An isurgnt suthen ary, wich The wounded viceroy of Italy's r-
swept eastward after its conquest of The woun viceroy ofrstal re-
the souther nseaport of Malaga, last born Roman empire, Marshal Ro-
theportohing .as dolfo Grazianti, followed to the grim
was reported approaching Almeria, etrIDu'srdrtwpeut
some 220 miles southwest of Valencia. lettin D Ice's order to wipe out
(There was a possibility, therefore, opposition to Italian rule. Scores of
that the two insurgent armies-the quaking black men, found with
one from the northwest and the other weapons about their persons or in
from the southwest-might converge their dingy, grass tuculs, or huts,
together on Valencia in an effort to marched out to the edge of Addis
wipe out the popular front adminis- Ababa-to swift, unyielding death.
tration.) Thus were uncompromising former
n~Len~r-f ~nil Cnaeei nnA nrtd

sects. It put Michigan in a tie for
second place with Minnesota with
;even won and two games lost and a
virtual tie with Illinois for the Big
ren title. And incidentally it put the
Wolverines in position for a Con-
ference championship for the first
time since Coach Cappy Cappon took
over in 1931 for Michigan's first title
since 1929.
Is First Since '32
It also was the Wolverines first
victory over the Lafayette, Ind., team
since 1932 and the worst defeat that
Lambert can recall. And by the way
it deprives Purdue of its first title in1
four years, adding insult to injury
for it is just about the lowest score t
that the now Boiling Boilermakers
have been held to in years and yearsa
of Big Ten competition.r
Why did Michigan win, you ask?
Oh, for lots of reasons. The Wol-1
verines have been waiting to get the
Horrible Hoosiers on the Yost Field
House floor ever since that tense'
moment when the gun sounded to1
give Purdue the Conference title lastt
year at Michigan's expense, 38 to 37.
Lambert Outsmarted
Then too, Coach Cappy Cappon just
outsmarted Lamenter Lambert, La-z
fayette Leader. Cappy shuffled Ed
Thomas, now the Big Ten's outstand-
ing "sixth man," Bill Barclay, andt
the resurrected Herm Fishman so
that they were always fresh never
giving "Four Point," oops, rather
"Five Point" Jewell Young, a chance"
to get away on one of his much
heralded fast breaks.
At the same time Cappy always had
at least two of his boys laying back
when Michigan took the offense so
that Purdue never had a chance to
break loose.
Gee Controlled Jump
Reason number three involves that,
omni-present f a c t o r - Michigan's
height advantage. Capt. Johnny Gee,
Jake Townsend, and Matt Patanelli
had both backboards sewed up tight
and neither Jim Seward nor Gene
Anderson, Purdue's big men, had a
chance when it came to taking the
ball.
And reason number four is con-
(Continued on Page 3)
- 1
Ford 'Advice'
Is Discredited
By Professors'
Daber " Proposes Inquiry;
Wood Brands Charge As
'Old Complex' Of Ford
Henry Ford's "advice" to workers
to stay out of labor organizations
and his charge that "international
financiers are behind the labor un-
ions" were discredited yesterday by
Prof. Arthur Wood of the sociology
department and Prof. William Haber'
of the economics department.
Professor Haber advanced the
proposition that in answer to Ford's
statement, the LaFollette committee
enlarge the scope of its investigation
to determine in what degree the un-
ions are backed by "international fi-
nanciers."
Commenting further, Professor
Wood pointed out that Ford's state-
ment "sounds like one of his old
complexes about international bank-
ers-he dreams about them."
Ford's statement that "a man
loses his independence when he joins
a labor group of any kind and he
suffers as a result," was refuted by
Professor Wood who said that the
worker gains the backing of a group
which he had not previously while
losing some theoietical rights of bar-
gaining which are, in the end, my-
thical-"the worker either takes a
job or he doesn't." "Modern social

forces make organization inevitable"
Professor Haber explained."
Professor Haber declared that the
trade unions do not restrict com-
petition but other forces of greater
influence tend to restrict competition.
He called naive the view that with
the abolition of unions there would
be a state of free competition.
Diver Craig To Give
Illustrated Lecture
Captain John D. Craig, noted deep
sea diver and photographer, will pre-
sent an illustrated lecture on "Diving
Among Sea Killers" at 8:15 p.m. to-
morrow in Hill Auditorium. He is
appearing under the auspices of the
Oratorical Association.

Revenues Are Up
CHICAGO, Feb. 23.-(P)-The na-
tion's 1,100,000 organized railroad
workers were united tonight in de-
manding an annual wage increase of
approximately $360,000,000. Spokes-
men for the 800,000 members of the
16 "non-operating" railway brother-
hoods voted today to seek a 20 per
cent raise in their pay.
j Representatives of the 300,000 men
in the five "operating" brotherhoods
recently initiated a move to obtain a
raise of the same size.
Estimating about $360,000,000 in
yearly income would be at stake when
negotiators for the brotherhoods and
for the management of the carriers
sit down to a parley on the demands,
George M. Harrison, chairman of the
current meeting, declared:
Demands Listed
"These are the largest negotiations
ever undertaken by organized rail-
road workers."
The delegates planned to serve
formal notice on the railroads within
30 days. They drew up this list of
demands:
1. A general wage increase of 20
cents an hour, applied to hourly,
daily, weekly, monthly or piece rates,
so as produce the same rate of in-
crease for all employes. Harrison said
this amounted to an average raise of
approximately 20 per cent.
2. A guarantee of full time em-
ployment for all regularly assigned
employes.,
3. A guarantee of two-thirds of
full time employment for all "stand-
by" employes.
30 Days To Answer
Under the Railway Labor Act, each
road would have 30 days to file an
answer.
Contending the rail lines were en-
joying increasing freight and passen-
ger revenues, Harrison stated:
"Railway wages never have been
adequate. In this industry now
there are 330,000 men working for 50
cents an, hour or less and 117,000
working for 35 or less."
"Operating" brotherhoods embrace
engineers, firemen, enginemen, con-
ductors, trainmen and switchmen.
The "non-operating" class encom-
passes virtually all other employes-
clerks, telegraphers, car men, shop
hands, machinists, blacksmiths, dis-
patchers, boilermakers, drop forgers,
sheet metal and electrical workers,
freight handlers, express and station
eprsonnel, maintenance and signal
men and sleeping car conductors.
G.M. And U.A.W.
Desire SenioritY
Problem Accord
DETROIT, Feb. 23.--(P)-General
Motors and United Automobile Work-
ers of America representatives moved
toward agreement on seniority prob-
lems tonight as the union laid claims
to gains contained in strike settle-
ments in parts and accessory plants.
C. E. Wilson, General Motors vice-
president, announced that the nego-
tiators in their twelfth session this
afternoon reached an agreement that
seniority rules should be applied to
individual departments instead of to
entire plants, except under special
conditions. Both Wilson and the
union conferees declined to disclose
details of the agreement.
As mediation progressed in Detroit
the Associated Press reported new sit-
down strikes that were braking in-
dustry at widely separated points
from coast to coast. Most of the
strikes were characterized by de-
mands for wage and hour adjust-

ments and union recognition.
Term Enrollment Is
Largest In History
University enrollment for the sec-
ond semester was 10,075 students, the
greatest ever recorded, according to
figures released yesterday by the
office of Miss Marian Williams, statis-
tician of the registrar's office.
With onmniete nrnma+ fal

Assert

Railroad

Rail Workers
Seek Annual
Pay Increase
Nation's 1,100,000 Train
Men Unite In Demanding
$360,000,000 Raise

N :....
'
d::' :'siY

Controversy Over President's Court Plan
Is Cause, Of Dissension In Liberal Ranks
_ _ _ _ 4'. - - _ _ - - - - - _ _ - _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -_ _ -

EDTOR'S NOTE: This fifth and last
article of a series concerning President
Roosevelt's proposal to increase the
Supreme Court, summarizes and an-
alysizes the various arguments for and.
against the plan.
By FRED WARNER NEAL
One of the most unusual aspects of
the controversy over President Roose-
velt's proposal to increase the mem-
bership of the Supreme Court is the
split in liberal ranks that it has
caused.
The conservatives of both parties
oppose it to a man. The only sup-
port it gets comes from liberals,
especially the ardent New Dealers.
But a good part of the opposition
comes from the liberal New Dealers
also.
Professor Reeves
Consider, for instance, the attitude
of the campus here. Prof. Jesse R.
Reeves, who can hardly be termed a
Roosevelt sympathizer, charges that
the President is "trying to stab the
Supreme Court in the back." Dean
Henry M. Bates of the Law School,
a liberal in many ways but not a
Democrat and certainly not a New
Deal enthusiast, also opposes it. "Re-
actionary, autocratic and destructive
to true democracy," the dean termed
it.
T-rnfWe-.rr ATnliira o tlp - r

other New Deal liberal. Professor
Shartel says he will favor the Presi-
dent's plan if no other course is avail-
able, but he admits the arguments
against the President's proposal and
says he thinks his plan more desirable
and equally well suited to obtain the
President's ends.
New Deal Issue
Therein lies the main difference as
well as the main point of similarity
between the liberals for and the lib-
erals against the President's plan. It
is agreed by both groups that some-
thing should be done to give the Fed-
eral government power to cope with
such problems as hours and wages,
child labor and regulation of produc-
tion-in other words, that the New
Deal should become effective and
constitutional and not invalidated by
the Supreme Court, as has been the
case.
But the liberals opposing the Pres-
ident in this instance think that the
method-of adding one justice sym-
pathetic with the New Deal to the
Court for each justice over 70 years,
old-is unwise if not dangerous. Those
in favor of the Roosevelt plan either
minimize the importance of method
or defend the method the President
would employ.
"Packing" Acknowledged
f - _ ._. .. - . , . " -

that such a measure is justified on
the theory that the court is already,
"packed" with conservative mi~em-
bers. To the argument that it is a
dangerous precedent, because if
Roosevelt can so pack the Court with
justices of his own choosing in order
to obtain ends he wishes some other
president can do the same to secure
the validation of dictatorial measures,
Professor Durfee says:
Such a contention is not well
founded. Dictators gain power by
coup d'etats, swift thrusts that kill
or imprison any opposition. The fact
that there might be precedent for
packing the court would neither help
nor hinder such ill-motivated per-
sons from gaining power.
Dangerous Precedent
Others who attempt to answer the
dangerous precedent argument say
that just because the Congress now
creates such legislation, that is no
sign it will be gone again; that Con-
gress could, if it so willed, at any time
order all buildings in the District
of Columbia upsidedown or any
other foolish thing, but it does not.
It is advanced, furthermore, that 15
is an adequately large number and
that it will be difficult to use theI
efficiency argument for another in-
crease.
Many - of the more outspoken op-

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