TILE MI ChIGAN D AILY
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 28, 1937
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Edtedl and managed bystudents f the University of
Michigan under the authority of the BoaUd in Control of
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session
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The Associated Press is excusvely entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matter herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan as
second class mail matter.
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CHICAGO BOSTON - SAN FRANCISCO
LOS ANGELES - PORTLAND - SEATTLE
Board of Editors
MANAGING EDITOR................ELSIE A. PIERCE
EDITORIAL DIRECTOR ......MARSHALL D. SHULMAN
George Andros Jewel Wuerfel Richard Hershey
Ralph W. Hurd Robert Cummins
NIGHT EDITORS: oseph Mattes, William E. Shackietn,
Irving Silverman, William Spailer, Tuure Tenander,
SPORTS DEPARTMENT: George J. Andros, chairman;
Fred DeLano, Fred Buesser, Raymond Goodman, Carl
WO MEN'S DEPARTMENT: Jewel Wuerfel chairman;
Elizabeth M. Anderson, Elizabeth Bingham, Helen
Douglas, Barbara J. Lovell, Katherine Moore, Betty
BUSINESS MANAGER................JOHN R. PARK
ASSOCIATE BUSINESS MANAGER .WILLIAM BARNbAT
WOMEN'S BUSINESS MANAGER. JEAN KEINATH
BUSINESS ASSISTANTS: Ed Macal, Phil Buchen, Tracy
^"Buckwalter, Marshall Sampson, Robert Lodge, Bill
Newnan, Leonard Seigelman, Richard Knowe, Charles
Coleman W. Layne, Russ Cole, Henry Homes,
,Women's Business Assistants: Margaret Ferries, Jane
Steiner, Nancy Cassidy, Stephanie Parfet, Marion
Baxter, L. Adasko, G. Lehman, Betsy Crowford Betty
Davy, Helen Purdy, Martha Hakey, Betsy Baxter,
Jean Rheinfrank, Dodie Day, Florence Levy, Florence
Michlinski, Evalyn Trimpp.
. Cameron hall, Accounts Manager; Richard Croushore,
National Advertising and Circulation Manager; Don J.
Wilsher, ,Contracts Manager;Ernest A. Jnes, Local
Advertising Manager<; Nprman .Steinberg, Service
Manager; Herbert Falnder, Publications and Class-
ified Advertising Manager.
NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT WEEKS
To CompL'omise .. .
OMPLETELY emasculated, de-
prived of its only realistic provi-
sions, the bill which started out to eliminate the
causes of America's entrance into the World War
now lies forlorn somewhere in between the Sen-
aIte and the House, martyred to Congressional
The Nye committee's investigation reveagled
that by and large the three traceable causes of
America's plunge "for democracy" in 1917 were
these: (1) the loss of American life and property
on the high seas; (2) the linking of American
financial interests with the victory of one side
through the extension of loans and credit; (3)
the development of a wartime boom in trade in
1914, 1915, and 1916, and the accompanying in-
flation that made our prosperity so dependent
upon the continuation of warfare that any threat
to that booming trade meant panic and depres-
With this in sight the committee's recommen-
dations for a permanent "neutrality" policy to
go into operation immediately upon the outbreak
of war abroad and isolate us from any loose
sparks was embodied fairly well in the Nye-Van-
denburg-Bone-Clark Bill. Entering the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee along with several
alternate plans designed to replace the tempo-
rary legislation expiring April 30, the bill emerged
as the Pittman Resolution showing remarkable
concessions to financial and shipping interests.
After passing the Senate by a 63 to 6 vote and
dallying in the House for nearly two months the
bill has finally reached the state where all the
"vested interests" involved, except perhaps the
munitions makers, have been satisfied.
In a previous editorial we analysed the Pitt-
man Resolution and applauded its desertion of
the historic policy of "freedom of the seas."
We pointed out that the bill made no attempt
to prevent the abnormal boom in trade after the
outbreak of war abroad; it did not prevent the
loan of money or the extension of credit to na-
tionals of belligerent countries although it did
to governments; and it did not amply provide
for the prevention of transshipment to bel-
ligerents of materials originally exported to other
neutrals. Now even the attempt to prevent
the loss'of American property and lives on the
high seas has been sabotaged.
To prevent the loss of American life and pro-
perty upon the high seas, the original plan in-
volved a mandatory "cash and carry" basis for
all trade with belligerents. In other words there
would be no possibility for loss of American pro-
perty at sea since all purchases intended for the
use' of belligerents would have to be paid for be-
fore they left our shores, i.e., "cash." There
would be no possibility of loss of American
life at sea since no goods shipped to begigerent
could be transported on American ships, i.e"
"carry." And further it was to becoihe illegal for
a "cash and carry" basis. But of what shall this
list of contraband of war consist? War is no
longer fought by small armed bands. There is
no longer any such thing as a non-combattant.
Thus every conceivable commodity from food
through clothing, cotton, steel and oil is doomed
to be listed as contraband by one of the warring
What are the possibilities of a wartime pres-
ident placing trade in such a long list of com-'
modities on the "cash and carry" basis after war
has started and our trade has once begun to
boom? If in time of peace, without the impetus
of a booming war trade, the manufacturers' lob-
bies can erase "cash and carry" from a proposed
bill, is there any reason to believe that a Presi-
dent could write it on again in time of war?
If as we said once before the Pittman Resolu-
tion tried to build a bomb-proof cellar and leave
it roofless, this proposed bill doesn't even take us
T HEFOR UM
Letters published in this colun should not be
construed as expressing the editorial opinion of The
Daily. Anonymous contributions will be disregarded.
The names of communicants will, however, be regarded
as confidential upon request. Contributors are asked
to be brief, the editors reserving the right to condense
all letters of more than 300 words and to accept or
reject letters upon the criteria of general editorial
importance and interest to the campus.
Peace And Spanish Democracy
To the Editor:
The Peace meeting of April 22 demonstrated
clearly, I believe, that there are many different
and diverse ways of approaching the problem of
peace, and many different ways of acting in
regard to it. Peace action, according to the in-
dividual's belief, can range from an almost com-
plete passivity to a strong and vigorous action
towards the desired goal of peace. The campus
is fortunate in having the opportunity of hear-
ing a young man who has put into practice this
last type of peace expression. I refer to Mr. Da-
vid Mackenzie, who is being brought to Ann
Arbor on April 28 by the Student Alliance an(l
the Friends of Spanish Democracy. Mr. Mack-
enzie was a medical student in Scotland, a leader
of the Scottish student movement, and secretary
of the Scottish Peace Congress. He comes of a
distinguished family in British affairs.
When the civil war in' Spain broke out, Mack-
enzie left college to join the International Brig-
ade, with which he fought in Madrid during the
past winter. At first blush, there appears to be
a contradiction between a desire for peace and
participation in a civil war, but further analysis
shows this to be fallacious. War is not the
product of malevolent minds nor of bad men;
it is neither produced nor prevented by legalisms,
legislation, letters eo Congressmen and weak
resolve. It is the product of certain world forces,
inherent in our social structure, which will con-
tinu to produce war so long as they are per-
mitted to be dominant.
The revolt of Franco in Spain was dictated by
a form of social philosophy and backed by cer-
tain economic groups both in Spain and else-
where. Franco had as his aim the destruction
of Spanish democracy, the annihilation of all
liberal sentiment and thought, the setting up of a
military, repressive dictatorship at the expense,
if necessary, of millions of lives. Thus, any ac-
tion taken in defense of the government of
Spain is not only a defense, of democratic prin-
ciples, of rule by the people, but is a blow against
the forces of reaction which live on and 'for
war. And in this way, support of the Spanish
government is support, in an active, actual and
dynamic way, of universal peace in the only way
in which it can ever be realized.
Mr. Mackenzie represents this new spirit in
youth; he is a man who has done what he could
in defense of his principles, putting his life in
danger more than once. I think that we have
a lot to learn from such a man, and that there
is much he can tell us, not only of his personal
experiences, but of their significance. Let us all
support Spain by attending at the meeting today
at 4:30, in the ballroom of the Union, admis-
sion free. -J.
All For Love
To the Editor:
I hesitate to present a letter that expresses
thp views that this one does. It is not that I
am reluctant on account of doubt. The nature
of the. subject is one so closely identified with
emotion that perhaps I shall be accused of pre-
senting an argument that is incited solely on
emotional grounds. Perhaps I am, but it makes
no difference, so long as the argument is ac-
curate. In short I present sex, and herein view
with alarm not those who display it, but those
who are shocked by it.
Jordan Hall at present is in the process of
being thoroughly 'cleansed.' Apparently the
move that is now being taken has been under
consideration for the past year, and the defi-
nite steps that are now manifest probably cul-
minate a great deal of stealthy planning. The
vigilante system has been instituted. The coun-
cil-or sponsor group-is now listening with bat-
'Id" breath to the horrible tales of the gross activ-
ity which takes place in the rear parlor. The
penalties-social probation, and the banishment
of the offending male caller for a council-desig-
nated time-are expected to be sufficient. Al-
ready the "test" case has been presented, judged,
and the girl promptly declared guilty, to the ob-
vious satisfaction of the judging body.
What, then, am I so vehemently opposed to?
Am I against the system that has been instituted
for the annihilation of the necking menace? Do
I speak only for the wild satisfaction of trying
to start something? If these letters are true, they
are- only secondary. Primarily I am appalled at
the outlook that is characteristic of so many girls
--of at least enough to vote the new drive
IBy SOnlR ~ tums=- . -._.
WALKER GRAHAM, well-known campus fig-
ure, was hitting it up in the Duffeld Club,
swank but shady Detroit dine and dance spot of
a Saturday night. The floor show featured a
strip tease act plus a fan dancer and the boys
sat spellbound until the inevitable conclusion.
Graham, who previously gained notoriety when
he began taking his lady love for seven o'clock
breakfast in the Arboretum, was in the act of
ordering another round of drinks. The stunning
young brunette who five minutes before had been
coyly manipulating the feathery fans, brushed
past his shoulder, full dressed, as he turned in his
Graham gasped as he recognized the emblem
on her chic shirtwaist. It was the blazing arrow
of Pi Beta Phi.
*: *. * *
NBEKNOWN to the Campus at large an ac-
credited labor organizer about a month ago
attempted to sell unionism to the employes of
He was totally unsuccessful and nothing more
was thought about the incident until Wednesday
when the same man was booked in the local
hoosegow, declared insane. He had been picked
up in Detroit and returned here to await trans-
fer to Eloise.
Asked how he knew the man was insane, a
newspaperman replied that when the would-be
laborite was confined in Detroit he maintained
that he had found "Heaven on Earth."
"And," continued the reporter, "he was in a
ward bed in Receiving Hospital. He's absolutely
DETROIT PAPER is running a series of ar-
ticles explaining to members of both sexes
how they can make a hit with one another. They
suggest five methods for breaking the ice.
One of them: "I hope you won't mind my
being personal, but I've been admiring your
tie. I want to buy one for my cousin and I
wonder if you'd mind telling me where you
Another: "Why don't you sit beside me?
I'm lonely and want to be entertained and
you look as if you could do it."
And yet a third: "You look like an athlete.
I'll bet you golf a lot."
Which makes us sit back in the sheltering com-
placency of student days as we bask under the
protecting wing of mother University and con-
sider that after all a college education is prob-
ably worth something. "You look like an athlete"
what mad reason do they give vent to their
self-righteous indignation? How account for
their narrow-minded, warped puritanism? To
think that they have the nerve to consider them-
selves and their ideals as exemplary of morality
and propriety! If morality means the repression
of normal impulses; if morality condones sub-
verting of natural desires; if morality cannot
bear the display of a kiss-which at the most
is a sublimated form of sex-tien, Satan, I idol-
ize you. For if this is morality, the basest hypo-
crisy conceivable is a virtue.
"What ho!" they cry. "Our parents! What
about them? Suppose they were to walk in upon
such goings-on?" Well, suppose they were? The
worst that they would see is a kiss. And is a kiss
so revolting? Society invented it merely for use
as a symbol of affection. Perhaps the custom is
silly and unnecessary, but it certainly isn't lech-
erous. I wonder if parents are so naive as
to think that affection doesn't exist in a college
town. Suppose some curious parent wanted to
know where students went for "spooning." What
place could the student go to, if not to his or
her residence? What parent would balk if his girl
should say to him: "There are 500 girls living
in the dorm. Naturally, some of them are af-
fianced. Here, father, is the only place that
they can spoon.' "
To me, it is appalling that college should serve
to build up false values; that it should suggest
that sex is only a medium of snickers and filthy,
winking chuckles. It is not the affectionate,
petting couples that are warped or misguided.
It is those who cannot bear them that are thus.
In the "test" case that was disposed of so effi-
ciently, the girl was accused of holding a boy's
head against her while she stroked his head in
an affectionate manner. How the grim-visaged
judiciary could see nothing except iniquity in
her actions is amazing and disgusting. The girl
was fined for being sweet, loving, affectionate,
and attentive! What a price for possessing such
To conclude, I do not want to give the im-
pression that I am dealing with an incident. It is
with a vicious attitude that I deal, I am fer-
vently hoping that the whole movement will be
appreciated for what it is, and that obvious steps
are taken to abolish it. -Fred A. Thomson.
Puizzledl By 'Pea ce'
(From the Herald Tribune)
To the Editor:
I am somewhat puzzled as to the meaning
of the word 'peace" as it is used here in Amer-
ica. We hear of "peace" parades, "peace" cam-
paigns, "peace" programs for the colleges,
"peace" propaganda everywhere, yet peaceful
citizens are not desired. I have just been refused
By HARRY BETHKE
Tea For Two
It has long been a well-known
fact that the Ann Arbor Art Associa- honors Convocation: The Four-
tion has become a refuge and play- teenth Annual Honors Convocation
thing for elderly ladies who love of the University of Michigan will be
beauty and need something to keep held Friday, April 30, at 11 o'clock,
them out of mischief during the long in Hill Auditorium. Classes, with the
afternoons. .What is not so well exception of clinics, will be dismissed
known, however, is that the execrable at 10:45 a.m. Those students in
taste of the powers-that-be in the clinical classes who are receiving
Association has caused some of the honors at the Convocation will be
city's best artists to decline ever excused in order to attend. The fac-
again to hang their work in Ann Ar- ulty, seniors, and graduate students
bor. These have a hard enough time are requested to wear academic cos-
satisfying the requests of New York tume but there will be no procession.
and Chicago galleries, where they are Members of the faculty are asked to
properly appreciated. enter by the rear door of Hill Audi-
The paintings of Margaret Brad- torium and proceed directly to the
field and Mina Winslow, now on ex- Istage, where arrangements have been
hibit in Alumni ' Memorial Hall, .made for seating them. The public
though better than most of the work is invited.
that the Association enfolds to its Alexander G. Ruthven.
chaste heart, are still in keeping with
its anaemic traditions. The ex- Notice to Seniors, June Graduates,
hibit features a preponderance of and Graduate Students: Please file
watercolors that nobody would ever application for degrees or any spe-
mistake for the work of a man. There cial certificates (i.e. Geology Certifi-
esthetypicalfeminined ontocate, Journalism Certificate, etc.) at4
the romantic and the picturesque-r n once if you expect to receive a de-
at times even the frilly-in both the gree or certificate at commencement
selection and the handling of the in June. We cannot guarantee that
subjects. Nor is there any philo- the University will confer a degree or
sophical or critical approach to those certificate at commencement upon
subjects. Rather, the paintings are any student who fails to file such.ap-
but representations of external ob- plication before the close of business
jects in colors that are bright enough on Wednesday, May 19. If applica-
to arrest attention, but frequently tion is received later than May 19,
unimaginative and poorly harmon- your degree or certificate may not be
ized. awarded until next fall.
Miss Winslow is represented by a Candidates for degrees or certifi-
few oils and quite a number of wa- cates may fill out card at once at of-
tercolors of decidedlydbetter quality. fice of the secretary or recorder of
But even those lack depth ,with the their own school or college (students
exception of the two entitled "Win- enrolled in the College of Literature,
ter in Michigan" and "Taxco Hills." Science, and the Arts, College of
These show evidence of real possibil- Architecture, School of Music, School
ities in technique. But one painting, of Education, and School of Forestry
"Cuernavaca Arches" I hesitate to and Conservation, please note that
comment on, for fear of saying application blank may be obtained
something really, nasty, and filed in the Registrar's Office,
Miss Winslow evidently went to Room 4, University Hall). All appli-
Mexico to immortalize its life in wa- cations for the Teacher's Certificate
tercolor, but unfortunately she came should be made at the office of the
back with a portfolio full of the same School of Education.
kind of paintings that ten thousand I , Please do not delay until the last
Americans painted before her. vidon't day, as more than 2,500 diplomas and
know how it is that people can visit certificates must be lettered, signed,
a country which is fighting its way anzd sealed and we shall be greatly
through the most tremendous transi- helped in this work by the early filing
tion in the history of the western of applications and the resulting
hemisphere, and find nothing to paint longer period for preparation.
but hoary churches, barefoot peons, The filing of these applications
and fiestas. It's like going to Rus- does not involve the payment of any
sia to sample the caviar, fee whatsoever.
The paintings of Mrs. Bradfield Shirley W. Smith.
show more gusto, more plastic or- ~~~~~~~~~~_
ganization, and somewhatabetter Attention, Faculty of Summer Ses-
coloring. There is some real org- sion: During the time of the School-
inality in the watercolor "October," masters' Club conferences, (~April 29,
and a few very nice nude studies. m rC n e s, (April 29
30. 'Vi 11 th]I ' zr] n 'Y v r
WEDNESD)AY, APRIL 2$, 1937
VOL. XLVII No. 147
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to ail members oQ[tfe
Vuiversity. Copy received at the omo.e f the Aasiatant to the PresIdgR
untl 3:30; 11:0 a.m. mi Saturday.
Brigade of the Spanish Loyalist
Army. No admission charge.
An exhibition of paintings by Mar
garet Bradfield and Mina Winslow
is being held in Alumni Memorial
Hall through May 5, 2 to 5 p.m. Sun-
days, under the auspices of the Ann
Arbor Art Association.
Botanical Seminar meets today at
4:30 p m., Room 1139, N.S. Btdg. Pa-
per by E. U. Clover "Studies on cacti
from Colorado." (Illustrated).
A.S.M.E. Members: There will be
a meeting of the Student Branch
this evening at 7:30 p.m. in the
Michigan Union. Mr. C. L. Bibber of
the Carnegie-Illinois Steel Company
will present an illustrated talk on
"Some Practical Aspects of Welding."
The dinner meeting planned for
Mr. Bibber has been cancelled.
Phi Sigma~ Meeting: Today at 8
'p.m in Room 3024 Museums Building.
Dr. Reuben L. Kahn, professor of
bacteriology and director of the clini-
cal laboratories of the University
Hospital, will speak on the subject
of "Parasitism vs. Tissue Immunity."
Initiation of new members follow-
ing the address.
Engineering Open House-Guides:
There will be an important meeting
in Room 348 W. Engineering Bldg. at
7:30 p.m. tonight for all those men
who would like to act as guides at the
forthcoming Engineering O p e n
Michigan Technic Tryouts: There
will be an important tryout period
meeting this afternoon at 5 p.m. in
Room 3046 East Engineering Build-
ing. This is the second last period
before the examination; please be
American Society of Civil Engi-
neers rA.S.C.E.): There will be an
important meeting of the student
chapter of the A.S.C.E. at the Mich-
igan Union tonight at 7:30 p.m. A
good deal of necessary business must
bt transacted. A speaker has been
arranged for. Please be present.
Archery Club, Women Students:
The first meeting of the Archery
Club will be held. at the Women's
Athletic Building today at 4:30 p.m.
A club shoot will be held to deter-
mine the club flights.
PoI)ish Efigineering Society: There
will be a meeting at 7:30 p.m. tonight
at the Union. All Polish Engineers
are requested to attend.
Beta Chapter, Iota Alpha, will hold
a meeting this evening in 3205 E.
Eng. Bldg., at 7:30 p.m. Dr. Wm. H.
Burt, Assistant Curator, MammalDi-
vision, Museum of Zoology, will be
the speaker. The address will be il-
lutrated with movies.
Vulcans: There will be an import-
ant special meeting today at 9:30
p.m. It is urgent that all members
Sphinx: There will be a luncheon
meeting at 12:15 p.m. 'today in the
Union. Douglas Farmer will speak
on "Running a Roulette Wheel."
Faculty Women's Club: The An-
nual meeting and luncheon will be
held at 1 p.m. today in the Michigan
Michigan Dames Book Group will
meet today at 8 p.m. in the Michigan
League. There will be election of
English Journal Club meets Friday,
April 30, at 4 p.m. in the Union. The
program, open to the public at 4: 0
p.m., will be a colloquium on the
study of ,American Literature. Mr.
Charles Walcutt will discuss "Recent
Scholarship on American Fiction."
Mr. Charles Peake will talk on the
subject, "American Literature in the
English Curriculum." General dis-
cussion will follow.
J. L. Davis,
Junior Mathematical Society: The
April meeting will take place Thurs-
day, April 29, in Room 3201 Angell
Hall at 7:30 p.m. Dr. Ralph Hull of
the Mathematics Department will
speak on "Extensions of Ordinary Al-
gebra." Refreshments will be served
after the meeting.
American Association of Univer-
sity Professors: The annual dinner
meeting of the Michigan chapter of
the Association will be held T hurs-
day, April 29, at 6:30 p.m. in the
Michigan Union. There will be elec-
tion of officers and Dean C. S. Yoa-
One reclining nude is especially
good, modelled in the proper kind of
washes,' and very nicely composed,
but set into a background of color
which, in striving for brightness, be-
comes more than a little discordant
and detracts from the beauty of the'
figure. Decidedly the best of all her
paintings is an oil entitled "Pear Or-
chard." It is well handled and has
something distinct and coherent to
say. If there were more of the same
sort, Mrs. Bradfield's' art could be
considered what art is intended to
be-a critical approach to life.
SprngP arle y
(Coutinued from Page 1)
3: Our International Rela-
tions: Isolation or Cooperation?
East and West-toward unity
The League-America's found-
ling on the world's doorstep?
Neurtality-a passive invita-
tion to war?
Armaments-defense or defi-
4. Our College Education: Suc-
cess or Failure?
Do our studies interfere with
Faculty-Student relations -_
apple polishing or understand-
A University Faculty-scholars
t Learning to live or learning
5. Our Religion: Mysticism, Ec-
clesiasticism, or Ethics?
Agnosticism and Atheism-arc
Communism and Fascism-
substitutes for Christianity?
Can ethical values survive in
a competitive order?
Why do 8,000 students re-
ligiously stay away from Ckiurch
6. Our Art: Beauty or Persua-
The Proletarian Movement-
Does it give us art?
Surrealism-does it reflect the
u, ivcay .L, binere will be inquires
concerning the work of the coming
Suimmer Session. It is suggested that
members of the faculty who will be on
the staff during the summer post con-
sultation hours at their offices.
Pharmacy Students Attention:;
Strike conditions have necessitated;
canceling the Parke, Davis and Com-"
pany trip on Wednesday. It is pos-
Bible that later arrangements may be
Senior and Graduate Aeronautical
Engineers: An announcement is post-
ed on the Aeronautical Engineering;
Bulletin Board which is concerned
with an aircraft training course of-
fered by the Taylor Aircraft Company
and sponsored by the National Inter-
collegiate Flying Club. Application
blanks may be obtained in the Aero-
nautical Engineering office, Room B-
47 East Engineering Building.
Househeads having rooms for May;
Festival guests are requested to call
and list them at the Office of the
Dean of Women as soon as possible.
Bowling: The bowling alleys at the'
Women's Athletic Building will be
closed after this evening.
Sophomore Engineers: Final pay-
ment of this year's dues will be ac-
cepted Thursday, April 29, on the sec-
ond floor of the West Engineering
building near the 'Arch. It is neces-
sary that we collect a sufficient sum
to cover existing debts of the class.
These consist of our Engineering
Council assessment; cost of 'Ensian
page, 1937 edition; Rentschler Stu-
dio, 'Ensian photos; and the Hionor
Council assessment of both last and
this year. Your cooperation is ur-
Chairman Finance Committee,
Fred M. Emens.
Graduation Recital: Emily Paris,
B.M., will give a recital in partial
fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree of Master of Music in the
School of Music Auditorium, May-
nard St., todaysat 8:15 p.m. to which
the general public is invited.