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April 22, 1937 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1937-04-22

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The Weatlie
Cloudy today; shifting winds
and little change in tempera-
ture.

L

, t t ctl

xtt

Editorials
Attend The Peace
Demonstration .,.

VOL. XLVII No. 142 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 22, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Trial Of Students
Arrested At Strike'
Will Begin Today

John L. Lewis
Begins 'Push'
In Kentucky
Effort To Unionize Miners,
In Harlan County Seen
Most Vigorous In Years
Allegiance Pledged
To CauseBy UAW

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SWF Holds Rally Before
Initial 'Test Case'; Labor
Lawyer Assures Support
Burke Will Defend
ReporterOf Daily
Lehman Will Represent
Other Defendents Seized
At BowlingAlley
On the eve of its first "test case,"
the Student Workers' -Federation last
night gathered in a show of support
to those of its members who will go
on trial at 2 p.m. today for activities
in the course of a bowling alley em-
ployes' strike here two weeks ago.
All of the defendants in today's
trial, which will be presided over by
Justice Jay H. Payne, were present,
and one of the attorneys for six of
them, Michael Evanoff, '36L, arrived
from Flint during the meeting.
Edward Magdol, '39, reporter for
The Daily who is charged with the
use of "profane" language, an-
nouncecl yesterday that he will be
represented by George J. Burke, at-
torney for the University.
Lehman Represents Defendents
Arthur C. Lehman, Democratic
mayoralty candidate in the last elec-
tion, is also retained by the other six
defendants.
In addition to Magdol, those who
will go on trial are Tom Downs, '39,
president of the SWF; Arnold H.
Kambly, '38; Joseph Bernstein, '39;
Rafael W. Haskell, '38E; Ralph Nea-
fus, '36F&C; and Paul Christman,
1059 Lincoln Ave.
Neafus, Downs, Bernstein and Has-
kell are charged with addressing a
gathering without a permit. Neafus
and Downs were arrested in front of
th Ann Arbor Recreation Center,
605 E. Huron St., the scene of the
strike. The other two were arrested
during a later demonstration at the
Police Station.
Christman and Kambly were ar-
rested at the scene of the strike on
charges of using "profane" language.
Evanoff told the defendants not to
worry about the possibility of fines
being imposed by Judge Jayne today.
Advises 'Take Courage',\
"I believe that if you fellows have
to pay a fine there is no doubt that
the fine could be raised in a day.
Knowing the automobile workers as
I do, I think that if no one else would
furnish it they would." He empha-
sized that he was not speaking as an
official representative of the UAWA.
He is a union attorney in Flint.
"Take courage," he told them be-
fore the SWF meeting. "The labor
movement is on the march and I be-
lieve you will get all possible support
from it."
The Federation voted unaimously
to affiliate itself with the Michigan
Conference for the Protection of
Civil Rights, which the day after
the arrests on Thursday, April 8,
telegraphed a protest of police ac-
tion to Police Chief Lewis W. Fohey.
Milton Kemnitz, Grad., who pre-
sided at the meeting, was elected as
representatives sit in on the Coun-
the conference.
Vote To Join Council
Members also voted to accept the
invitation of the Ann Arbor Trades
and Labor Council to have two SWF
represnetatives sit in on the Coun-
cil meetings. They elected Leonard
Cheatum, Grad., and Gordon J.
Gary, '37, as representatives.
Jack Sessions, '40, described events
leading up to the arrests and Kamb-
ly, who until his arrest was not a
member of the SWF, described a
bystander's version of the arrests.
Bernstein and Naefus also spoke
briefly.
Cheatum spoke on SWF contacts
with other organizations.
He climaxed his speech with the

following assertion:
"We are heading toward a goal
which is not only approved but fully
endorsed by all liberal, progressive.
and labor organizations."
Abbot, Yost Seeking
Local Radio Permit
Prof. Fielding H. Yost, director of
the physical education department.

Band Honor Society
Revived On Campus
Civ~nt . ltnr o 11-. T. ~P

Sixteen members of the Varsity WASHINGTON, April 2L-( P) -
Band were initiated into the Nu The United Mine Workers headed by
chapter of Kappa Kappa Psi, na- e
tional honorary band fraternity, at John L. Lewis have begun a ."big
a luncheon meeting Tuesday in the! push" to organize the miners of Har-
Union.- lan County, Ky., union officials an-

HumorAt Last!
The Centennial
Issue Is Stolen
"I honestly think they will return,'
moaned Gilbert Tilles, Gargoyle ed-
itor and Preposterous Person No. 42.
last night as he patiently peered out
of the broken Gargoyle window and
wailed "O, Bring Back My Gargoyles
To Me."
With 2,000 of his prize 52-page, 25-
cent Centennial issues taken by pub-
lic benefactors in the deep of the
night, Tilles was still waxing opti-
mistic, under strain, as The Daily
went to press. He named as suspects
Fred Warner Neal, who was to have
been Gargoyle's Preposterous Person
No. 41, and Bonth Williams, Daily
columnist, because of the long stand-
ing Williams-Tilles family feud.
Retaliating to the accusations of
Tilles, both Neal and Williams ac-
cused Tilles and C. Grant Barnes
business manager of the Gargoyle,
of pulling a publicity stunt. The sale
was to have begun at 8 a.m. today.
Williams appeared further impli-
cated when the Gargoyle received a
collect telegram signed by "Buesser"
saying "You will find your Gargoyles
at the Golfside Riding Academy at
4 o'clock this afternoon." Subse-
quent investigation proved fruitless.
"Five hundred dollars for sales,
one thousand dollars for ads, one
hundred and fifty dollars for engrav-
ing and five hundred dollars for in-
cidentals," groaned Tilles last night
as he began counting up his loss.
The loss of the books was first dis-

Classes

Million U.S. Students Are
Expected In Peace Move;

Dismissed

Great National Movement Wanted: Some Girls
By College, High School -p-i
Students Will Be Held For Hostess Jobs

The local chapter of the fraternity,
founded here in 1925, had lapsed in
1931, due to an unusually large grad-
\ ation of members, and the cere-
monies were in the nature of a re-
vival. Max Mitchell, GradSM, a
former member of the Alpha chap-
ter of Oklahoma A.&M., presided at
the initiation. Prof. William D.
Revelli was inducted as an honorary
member.
Miller was elected president of the
chapter for the coming year. Other
officers chosen at the meeting were
Manuel Soldofsky, '38SM, vice-presi-
dent; Joseph White, '39SM, secre-
tary; Henry Bruinsma, '37SM, treas-
urer; William Lichtenwanger, '37SM,
editor.
Schoolmasters
Will Hold 51st,
AnnualMeetino
Michigan Educators Will
Gather Here April 29
For Conferences

Here

_ .,, _ ~

Educators from all parts of Michi-
gan will gather Thursday, Friday
and Saturday, April 29 and 30 and
May 1 here for the 51st annual meet-
ing of the Michigan Schoolmasters
Club.
Conferences led by prominent edu-
cators from all parts of the state on
art, biology, business, and classics,
education, general science, geog-
raphy, physical education, mathe-
matics, modern languages, music,
physics, chemistry, astronomy and
social science will be included in the
three day program, of which the
annual Honors Convocation at 11
a.m. April 30 in Hill Auditorium will
play an important part.
President Ruthven will preside at
the Convocation, and Prof. Jesse S.
Reeves of the political science de-
partment will be the principal speak-
er'
Among others that will take part
in the Schoolmasters' Conference are
The Rev. Dr. Frederick B. Fisher of
the Detroit Central M. E. Curch,
Prof. Peter O. Okkelberg of the zool-
ogy department, Eugene B. Elliott,
State Superintendent of Public In-
struction, Prof. George E. Carroth-
ers of the education school, Prof.
Raleigh Schorling of the education
school, Lydia I. Jones, Dean of Wom-
en of the Michigan State Normal
College, Dr. Warren E. Forsythe,
director of the Health Service, Prof.
Howard Y. McClusky of the educa-
tion school, Grover Dillman, presi-
dent of the Michigan College of
Mining and Technology, Prof. Rus-
sell P. Jameson of Oberlin College
and Dean James B. Edmonson of
the education school.
On Friday, April 30, the Michigan
(Continued on Page 2)

nounced today.
They indicated it would be thec
most vigorous attempt in history to1
unionize a field which is sometimesc
known as "Bloody Harlan."
National unions have never been
able to obtain a permanent footholdc
there, and the LaFollette civil liber-
ties committee of the Senate is now
airing charges that company-paid
deputies have stamped out previous
unionization attempts with a reignc
of terrorism.'
Organizers Arrive {
William Turnblazer, a district pres-
ident of the U.M.W., announced that1
16 organizers had arrived in Harlan
within the past 24 hours. .
Turnblazer, here in connection
with the Senate investigation, said
additional men would be sent in "as
fast as we can bring them from other
parts of the country."
He declared the organizers had
posted notices in mining territory
that "the Wagner Act is now the law
of the land, and has been upheld by
the United States Supreme Court."
UAW Backs Move
Meantime, another union affiliated
with Lewis' committee for industrial
organization, the United Automobile
Workers, pledged allegiance anew to
the committee in a resolution adopt-
ed today by its executive board.
Homer Martin, UAW president,
'said the resolution could be inter-
preted as meaning the Automobile
Workers Union has "grown up."
"We have reached the position
where we no longer need help from
the CIO, but can aid in its organiza-
tion campaigns in other industries,"
he said.
Murphy States
C ivil Service
Is 'Essential'
LANSING, April 21.-(R)-Gover-
nor Murphy took a personal hand
today in a move to bring about legis-
lative action on civil service.
He conferred with a number of
members of the House, including
some on the State Affairs Commit-
tee in which the Merit System mea-
sure is locked. The Governor told
the legislators that Civil Service is
essential to good government, as well
as to good politics.
"The best way for any political
party to gain and hold strength is to
give the state the best possible gov-
ernment," the Governor declared.
"For this, efficient and experienced
employes, safe-guarded from ma-
chine politics are necessary."
The executive said he believes
House factions opposed to the bill
passed by the Senate are becoming
conscious of a public demand for
civil service. He declared thinking
leaders of major political parties
agree that the change is vital.
Murphy cited Detroit as an illustra-
tion of improved government be-
cause of Civil Service.

covered yesterday morning by Barnes.w
At 3 p.m. a hole in one of the Gar-
goyle window's was found and at 3:30 calities. from strikes to peace assem-
p.m. there was another hole in the blies approved by school authorities.
window when the police, in endeav- He said 40,000 college students and

oring to rehearse the crime, broke an'
(Continued on Page 2)I

Hopwood Head
Regrets Small
Essay Turnout
Most Of 67 Manuscripts
Received Are In Field
Of Short Fiction
A striking dearth of entries in the
ninor essay division of the Hopwood'
Awards was discovered yesterday
when the manuscripts were counted
following the close of the contest,
only four students having entered
work in that section.
In contrast to this figure, no less
than 21 students entered material in
minor fiction, the most popular di-
vision of the awards. Prizes for these
two types of writing are identical ac-
cording to the contest rules, two
awards of $250 each being provided
in each division, as well as in minor
poetry and drama.
According to Prof. Roy W. Cowden,
director of the Hopwood Awards, the
disproportion between the number of
entries in minor fiction and essay
is particularly regrettable in view of
the fact that most students can write
quite as capably in the one field as
in the other. Many students doubt
their ability to write essays, he said,
and prefer to concentrate their ef-
forts on fiction, a tendency to be de-
plored in the light of the equality
of value of the two forms of writing.
(Continued on Page 2)
Say Treasury
Will Push Old
Tax Revenues
WASHINGTON. April 21-(/P)-
Informed officials predicted today
that if the Administration. asks Con-
gress for new taxes next session the
Treasury will seek to avoid invasion
of state and local revenue fields.
Treasury experts are conducting a
broad canvass of the entire ta
structure in line with policies laid
down in President Roosevelt's bud-
get message yesterday.
The experts were reported concen.
trating on methods of increasing the
cash inflow through existing chan-
nels prior to any effort to develoi
new revenue sources.
For example, the Internal Revenue
Bureau announced today that tax-
payers must pay social security levies
regardless of pending litigation, of
suffer penalties if the Supreme Court
validates the Security Act.
Mr. Roosevelt, revising earlier
budget estimates, told Congress yes.
erday that the Treasury would re-
port in November on possible meth
ods of stepping up collections under
!. Pxvictinay taxesP and would sae

75,000 high school students would
participate in the demonstration in
l New York City, where most of th
-olleges have dismissed classes.
Speakers who were scheduled to
address student meetings include
Governor Elmer A. Benson of Minne-
sota at the University of Minnesota;
Senator Gerald P. Nye at Montclair
(N. J.) State Teachers College and
Princeton; Eddie Cantor at San Ber-
nardino (Calif.) Junior College; and
Francis Lederer at Los Angeles Jun-
ior College. .
This will be the fourth annual stu-
dent demonstration against war.
State Senate
Passes Repeal
Of Loyalty Oath
LANSING, April 21.-P)-The
Senate voted today to repeal the law
requiring teachers in public schools
and state educational institutions to
take an oth of allegiance to the con-
stitution.
The Dotsch Bill, wiping out a
measure enacted two years ago re-
quiring such an oath, was adopted
by a vote of 23 to 4. It goes to the
House.
Sen. D. Hale Brake, Republican,
Stanton, attempted to substitute a
bill which would require teachers to
take the oath only when they re-
ceived their certificates instead of
each time they sign a contract, as
demanded by the existing act. Hi
motion was ruled out of order.
Sen. James D. Dotsch, Democrat
Garden, declared loyalty and patriot
ism cannot be legislated into schoo
teachers. He contended the presen
law complicates the employment o:
teachers and frequntly leads to in-
validation of contracts.
ASSISTANT LIBRARIAN DIES
After an illness of several months
Miss Rosina K. Schenk, assistan
classifier for the University library
died suddenly yesterday afternoon a
her home at 743 Miller Ave.

1935 Marked Firs:L
Of Demonstralions
Noted Speakers At Rallies
Include Nye, Benson,
Cantor And Lederer
NEW YORK, April 21.-(A)-The
United Student peace committee esti-
mated tonight that nearly 1,000,000j
high school and college students
would participate tomorrow in what
it described as "the largest student
peace demonstration in the nation'sj
aistory."
James Wechlser, former Columbia
student and one of the leaders of the
movement, said the demonstration

University women that have school
spirit mixed in with a desire to trip
the light fantastic have an appeal ad-
dressed to them by the Michigras to
serve as hostesses tomorrow and Sat-
urday night, according to Mary Jane
Mueller, '38, president of the Wom-
en's Athletic Association.
"Wonen interested in hostessing
are requested to report at 8:15 p.m.
Friday and Saturday at Yost Field I
House where they will be admitted
free Saturday night if they served
as hostesses on Friday night," Miss
Mueller said.
Those not yet contacted who are
interested in inquiring further are
asked to call Miss Mueller, Ruth Carr,
'38Ed., or Barbara Teall, '39, she said.
MadridShelled,
Six Food Ships
Off For Bilbao
Rebels Pinched In Teruel
Salient; Loyalists Drive
At Toledo And Cordoba
(By The Associated Press)
The terror and strategy of Spain's
civil war fell most heavily Wednesday
on the non-combatant population of
Madrid.
The capital trembled under the
most severe artillery bombardment of
its siege, now nearly half-a-year old.
It was the 10th day of steady shelling
and the day's death toll raised the
total of fatalities for the 10-day
strafing to 200. Twice that many
had been injured. Thirty-two were
known to have died in only the morn-
ing hours of the bombardment, which
continued intermittently until 6 p.m.
Shells Enter City
More than 250 shells screamed into
the city. Scenes of carnage and de-
struction were many. Foreign cor-
respondents dodged shells on the
streets and worked in buildings trem-
bling under the explosions.
In French St. Jean de Luz, nearest
foreign, haven to the beleaguered
Spanish Basque capital, Bilbao, six
British freighters were reported ready
to attempt to run the insurgent
blockade with food cargoes for Bil-
bao's near-starving population. Dip-
lomats at St. Jean de Luz believed
they would sail under the "benevolent
watch" of British warships, but the
Admiralty in London denied there
would be any convoying of blockade
s runners.
s Protect British Shipping
Britain's stand, Sir Samuel Hoare
head of the Admiralty told Parlia-
ment, still is that British shipping
1 shall have full protection on the high
t seas but must enter Spanish terri-
f torial waters at its own risk.
On at least four widely space
- fronts the land war produced grim
conflict, with uncontested govern
ment claims of success on three fur
ther advances into the Teruel salient
, 150 miles east of Madrid; progres
t to within two miles of Toledo, 4
, miles southwest of Madrid; captur
t of new heights in the Cordoba battl
area, still further south.

Miner, Centner, Shulman
To Be Student Speakers
At Peace Meeting
Professor Krueger
To Give Address
Petitions To Congress And
President To Be Passed
Out On Campus Today
For an hour this morning the cam-
pus will spend its usual activities
while an estimated 4,000 students
demonstrate their repudiation of war
in the modern world.
James S. Miner, '38L, William
Centner, '38, Varsity debater, and
Marshall D. Shulman, '37, associate
editor of The Daily, will be the stu-
dent speakers at the peace meeting
at 11 a.m. on the mall by the School
of Architecture, the Peace Council
announced last night.
Prof. Maynard Kreuger of the eco-
nomics department of the University
of Chicago, the main speaker at the
demonstration, will present an eco-
nomic interpretation of the war ques-
tion. Julian Orr, '37, president of
the Peace Council, will preside at the
meeting at which the Varsity Band
will play .
Petitions bearing on the Hill-Shep-
pard Bill, the Nye-Kvale Bill and
military expenditures and foreign re-
lations will be circulated on the cam-
pus today and signed by students.
Miner will present the collective se-
curity approach to the war problem,
Centner will discuss neutrality and
Shulman will administer a resolution
expressing unity with the other meet-
ings in the nation-wide anti-war
strike and will'explain the petitions.
In the event of rain, which the
weather man deems likely, the
demonstration will be held in Hill
Auditorium at the same time.
"We expect at least 4,000 Mich-
igan students at the Peace Demon-
stration," Julian Orr, president of
the Peace Council, said last night.
"It is a cause that is close to the
hearts of this generation and I am
sure that Michigan will not fail to
do its part with the million others
demonstrating throughout the world,."
The petitions, which will be circu-
lated for signatures at the Library'
steps, the Engineering Arch, the
northwest corner of the diagonals and
at other places on campus from 8 to
noon and 1 to 2 p.m., read:
"We, the undersigned, consider the
tHill-Sheppard bill, which embodies
the Industrial Mobilization Plan of
the War Department, as an inade-
quate means of taking the profits
out of war and deplore it as a men-
ace to civil liberties."
"We, the undersigned, approve the
_ Nye-Kvale bill fbr the abolition of
compulsory military training in land
z grant colleges."
"We, the undersigned, disapprove
of military and naval expenditures in
d excess of the requirements of national
(Continued on Page 8)
, ov. Barrows
Calls Troops
.e After Violence

Misinterpretation Is Reason For
'Mentality'_Scare, States Raphael

Men And Beasts Will Parade City
As Michigras Comes To Town

The statement made yesterday by1
the Detroit Times that "Fearing in-1
sanity, approximately 6,500 students
at the University of Michigan sought1
aid last year from psychiatrists" is
an "unfortunate misinterpretation of
the facts," Dr. Theophile Raphael of
the Health Service said last night.
"The actual situation is that some
1,200 students consulted Health Serv-
ice physicians at various times during
the year regarding personal prob-
lems that are likely to arise in any
population group," Dr. Raphael, who
is in charge of menmal hyg:ene at the
Health Service, said. "These stu-
Aanfv w r.a intrurari nn nts, n on~rs n

"Essentially," Dr. Raphael stated,1
"the consultations deal with relative-
ly simple types of adjustment prob-
lems and the number of serious clin-
ical cases was relatively small. The
college student is no more vulnerable
to mental troubles than the average
person. In fact, the student body of
a university is a relatively select
group and the advantage is on their
side rather than against," Dr. Raph-
ael added.
"It is a mark of progressive trend
that students are taking increasing
advantage of the opportunity to talk
over problems of mental hygiene
while there is perhaps nothing se-
Iri.^ic1v r TornO " h sa id- "Sileh ,

By ROBERT P. WEEKS
When the big parade that is ad-
vertising the Michigras begins its
march on Yost Field House at 3:30
p.m. tomorrow from East Huron and
Fifth Avenue in its ranks will be one
of the doggondest aggregations of
man and beast that has ever walked
between Ann Arbor curbs.
Among the participants will be a
flock of ducklings that the Phi Gam-
ma Delta fraternity will use in their
booth. They will be led by a Phi
Gam duck herder according to Mur-
ray Campbell, '38, chairman of the
parade committee of the Michigras.
Campbell hopes the parade will be
led by Prof. Walter C. Sadler, mayor

unfortunately the people renting the
car insisted that we use their driver,"
Campbell said, "And less than five
of the girls could be obtained as pas-
sengers."
Dressed up dogs and their nattily
attired masters will be another fea-
ture of the parade ash aresult of the
contest that will be held as part of
the parade giving prizes to the best
dressed dog and master, he said. A
prize will also be given to the best-
dressed bike and bike rider in the
parade, Campbell said.
The ranks of the animals will be
increased by approximately 4'0 horses,
he said, some of which will be ridden
and others used to pull a variety of

LEWISTON, Me., April 21.--(IP)--
Violence for the secondconsecutive
day in the Lewiston-Auburn general
shoe strike brought quick orders
from Governor Lewis 0. Barrows to-
night for mobilization of troops.
Eight companies of Maine Nation-
al Guardsmen received commands to
move into the two cities where state
troopers and police battled in two
separate engagements late today with
massed strikers.
City Manager Frederick W. Ford of
Auburn said a request for troops was
transmitted to Governor Barrows af-
ter a squadron of officers flung back
attempts of 1,000 strikers and sym-
pathizers to march on shoe factories
in Auburn. The officers then used
tear gas and clubs to disburse another
large crowd which milled around two
plants.
Several participants, including
state police lieutenant George Fowl-

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