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April 21, 1937 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1937-04-21

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Te Weatdi
Rain today; tomorrow mostly
cloudy with showers at night;
no change in temperature.

L

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~Iaitj

Editorials

The Hill-Sheppard Bill

VOL. XLVII No. 141 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 21, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

t

Will Not Term
Peace Meeting
Here 'Strike'
'Demonstration' Replaces
'Strike' After Conference
With Prof. Anderson
Peace Council Head
Explains 'Mistake'
Signs bearing the word. "strike"
with reference to the mass peace
meeting to be held at 11 a.m. Thurs-
day were being removed from Univer-
sity buildings last night by members
of the Peace Council.
The action followed a conference
between Julian Orr, '37, president
of the Peace Council, and Prof. H..C.
Anderson, director of student-faculty
relations. In accordance with the
wishes of the University as expressed
by Professor Anderson, Orr an-
nounced that the mass meeting would
be referred to in future publicity as
a "demonstration" instead of a
"strike."
Bar Issues Statement
Orr last night issued the following
statement:
"The publicity given the Peace
Demonstration as a strike was mis-
taken. The demonstration is not a
strike but a united protest against
war. It is unfortunate that any mis-
understanding should have arisen on
this point.']
The meeting, ,which is to be held
on the mall between the architec-
ture school and the University High
School, will be addressed by Prof.
Maynard Kreuger of the economics
department of the University of Chi-
cago. Classes will be dismissed at 11
a.m.
Students To Follow Krueger
"Professor Krueger will be followed
by several student speakers who will
be announced," Orr said.
A resolution declaring the sym-
pathy and unity of those at the dem-
onstration with other meetings in the
nation-wide protest against war and
militarism will be adopted at the
"meeting. , peitions, concerning spe-
cific measures pending in Congress
and at the White House will be signed
at the demonstration and sent to
Washington.
The Varsity Band will take part in
the program. The University will
providea platform andnloudspeakers
on the mall.
Large Crowd
Hears Allen's
Bird Lecture
A crowd, estimated at more than
3,000 people, reacted enthusiastically
to a novel lecture and sound movie
given last night in Hill Auditorium
by Prof. Arthur A. Allen of Cornell
University.
Professor Allen carried his audi-
ence with him graphically on a 15,-
000-mile trip through the United
States by means of four reels of
sound film with colored lantern slides
between reels, presenting the lives
and habitats of many of America's
rarer birds, some of which are rap-
idly becoming extinct.
Starting their search in Florida
and continuing through the South
and West to Montana, the expedition
encountered many rare birds such as
the Ivory-Billed Woodpecker and the
Trumpeter Swan both of which will

soon be extinct.
According to Professor Allen, mov-
ing pictures of birds are not unknown
but the synchronizing of the pictures
with the sound of the bird is a new
development made possible by the
new apparatus and is of great value
to ornithologists. Not only will stu-
dents now be able to study the birds
and their calls without going into
the field, he said, but it will also be
possible to preserve for future gen-
erations the sounds of species which
will soon be extinct.
Recommend Rental
Of Executive Home
LANSING, April 20.-(P)-The
legislature agreed today the governor
should have an executive mansion,
but went no farther than to recom-
mend that one be rented.
A resolution previously approved
by the House was adopted by the
Senate, authorizing the State Board
of Auditors to try to find a suitable

Britain Plans Huge War Taxes
As Campuses Rally For Peace

331 Per Cent New Profits
Levy Is Asked To Meet
New Naval Program
While college campuses through-
out the country were preparing for
tomorrow's nation-wide peace dem-
onstration, the British government
proposed yesterday to collect up to
one-third of a businessman's new
profits and levy a 25 per cent tax on
individual incomes to meet part of its
projected rearmament and defense
budget, the Associated Press report-
ed.
The taxes are necessary to sup-
port the proposed $7,500,000,000 de-
fense expenditures, Chancellor of the
Exchequer Neville Chamberlain told
the House of Commons. He present-
ed 1937-38 budget estimates.
Labor opposition developed at
once, the Associated Press dispatch
stated, Major Clement R. Attlee
charging the budget was a "war bud-
get" which the Labor party would
fight because "we are marching
straight into another war" and be-
cause the budget "is an expression
of the foreign policy which is ruin-
ing the world."
The government's large majority,
however, assured acceptance of the
tax and budget proposals.
Chamberlain estimated that the
new profits tax, the income tax and
more stringent regulation of income
tax assessments would provide need-
British Vessel
Enters Bilbao
With Supplies
Loyalists Capture Strategic
Towns In East; Starving
Basques Get Food
(By The Associated Pres)s
Spanish government forces last
'night hailed two important successes.
They announced the capture of the
town of Celadas in the Teruel sector
in "eastern Spain. :
The British steamer Seven Seas
Spray ran the insurgent blockade of
the port of Bilbao in northern Spain.
War ministry officials declared the
fall of Celadas, 10 miles north of
Teruel, gave the government control
of an important communication cen-
ter between the insurgent-held pro-
vincial capital and the city of Zara-
goza, another insurgent-held provin-
cial capital 90 miles to the north.
Food Is Brought
Government troops captured Ar-
gente, Visiedo and Ledon, in a sec-
tor about 25 miles north of Teruel.
The Seven Seas Spray brought 4,-
000 tons of food supplies to the
starving city of Bilbao.
It was the last vessel to enter Bil-
bao without being required to give
notice to the non-intervention partol
which started its duties Monday
midnight.
Jubilant Basques cheered her ar-
rival. A communique issued by the
Basque delegation in Bayonne,
France, declared her successful jour-
ney confirmed that the port was not
mined and that the Basque govern-
mcnt had absolute control over Span-
ish waters there.
Deaths Swell Casualties
In Madrid, 10 deaths swelled the
-asualty lists in the ninth consecutive
day of insurgent artillery bombard-
ments of the capital.
Government artillery retaliated
igainst insurgent gun emplacements
on Garabitas Hill, west of Madrid.
Insurgent-held Spain was welded
into a one-party authoritarian state
by Generalissimo Francisco Franco
following a sweeping decree he is-
sued Monday night.

ed moneys and the small surplus.
The income tax of 25 per cent, $1
on every $4, was an increase of 1.25
per cent over the current rate. Pres-
ent exemptions remained in effect
($625 for a single person up to $2,-
($0 for a married man with three
children).
It was the new profits tax that
startled Commons. The tax in effect
penalizes/an increase in profits. If
there is no large growth in profits,
there will be no tax. The business-
man is protected to the extent that
he may make $10,000 more money
this year than last without coming
under the tax.
But if his profits increase beyond
that figure he must pay a share of
the money to the government, the
rate ranging up to one-third of the
profits growth on a business which
increases its profit by 15 per~ cent
or more this year.
'Avoid Politics'
Bursley Advice
ForUnaffiliated
Jesperson Proposes Social
Affair Sponsored Jointly
By AssemblyAnd Men
Avoidance of campus political en-
tanglements and adoption of a defi-
nite objective were cited as aims for
a strong independent men's organi-
zation by Dean of Students Joseph A.
Bursley at a dinner meeting in the
Union yesterday.-
"I don't believe you realize the po-
tentialities of such a group," he said.
"You have 7,500 men on campus,
two-thirds of whom are unaffiliated.
That gives you a big group to draw
on."
A plan to choose permanent offic-
ers by the use of petition and direct
nominations was approved, as was a
motion to decide on a constitution.
Both matters will be voted on at the
next meeting to be held at 7:30 p.m.
Tuesday in the Union.
Helen Jeperson 38, recently elect-
ed president of the Assembly, non-
s o r o r i t y women's organization,
pledged her support.
"We'd like to help you as much
as possible," she said. "We've already
spoken of having some special social
function sponsored jointly by inde-
pendent men and women. If you
ever have any trouble just call on
us.
"I think we've proven that the
girls do not need sororities to get
them into activities," she added,
pointing to the number of Asseiibly
women on the JGP, League Council,
and The Daily.
Dean Bursley told the men they
had the backing of the University
Administration. "I think you'll find
it tough sledding at first. But I'm an
Independent myself and for that rea-
son. if for nothing else, I'm behind
you."
Hawaii Is Target
Of U. S. Maneuvers
ABOARD BATTLESHIP PENN-
SYLVANIA IN PACIFIC MANEU-
VERS, April 20.-UP)-A fortified
floating city of 40,000, the United
States fleet, moved westward tonight
toward a sham attack on Hawaii.
The battle, one phase of the 1937
fleet maneuvers, will climax a sur-
prise attack on the islands, probably
late this week.
Far ahead, hull-down, as only the
superstructure and masts are visible,
rides one of the advance guards, a
heavy cruiser. Far to the stern some-
times is visible one of the rear guard

Hepburn Asks
Part In Strike'
Meeting Today
States That No Conference
Will Be Held By Parties
Unless In His Presence
Says GM Will Never
Recognize Union
OSHAWA, Ont., April 20.-(1)-
Premier Mitchell Hepburn stepped
back into the tangled General Motors
strike situation tonight as a new
series of peace negotiations was
scheduled to start tomorrow.
He asserted there would be no
peace conference without his pres-
ence and that General Motors of
Canada never would recognize the
United Automobile Workers of Amer-
ica.
Recognition of the union as the
collective bargaining agent of the
employes is the issue in the 13-day-
old strike of 3,700 Oshawa workmen
who last night turned down a com-
pany peace proposal that did not pro-
vide recognition.
C. H. Millard, UAWA local pres-
ident, had arranged for a peace con-
ference with General Motors officials
without any government interven-
tion.
It was scheduled for today but
postponed. Homer Martin, UA.W.A.
president, will arrive here tomorrow
to take personal charge of the strike.
Thompson also said the Union's
executive board had voted today in
Washington, D. C., to give the strik-
ers "unlimited financial support" in
their battle.
AGREE ON CONTRACTS
WASHINGTON, April 20.-O()-
Leaders of industry and labor agreed
at Secretary Perkins' "get-together"
conference today to consider collec-
tive bargaining contracts "sacred
and binding."
It was the first of a series of meet-
'ings by representatives of govern-
ment, management and labor to find
a formula under the National Labor
Relations Act for avoiding strikes and
lockouts.
Miss Perkins said employers in the
group of 27 accepted the Wagner
Act "as the law of the land" in view
'of the Supreme Court opinion hold-
ing it constitutional and announced
their intention of "living up to it."
"Both sides," she added, "agreed'
to observe collective bargaining con-
tracts as sacred and binding and
proposed to recommend the same at-
titude to their associates.
"Secondly, they agreed that labor's
success in bettering itself by collec-
tive bargaining should be fitted into
the pattern of success for industry."
Research Group
l Proposes More
Income Taxes
NEW YORK, April 20.-()-A
proposal for revision of federal in-
come levies to bring millions of ad-
ditional direct taxpayers into Uncle
Sam's fold was made today in a study
of the nation's tax problems spon-
sored by the Twentieth Century
Fund, a private research organiza-
tion.
"Everyone in the United States
should be made conscious of the fact
that, if he wants government serv-
ices, he has to pay for them," said a
report by a committee headed by

Thomas I. Parkinson, president of
the Equitable Life Assurance So-
ciety, published with fact findings
under title of "Facing the Tax Prob-
lem."
"The personal income tax is the
best tax to promote tax conscious-
ness becauserthe taxpayer is com-
pelledl to figure out his own liability
and to meet it."
The committee, which reviewed re-
sults of a study begun by a staff of
experts two years ago, proposed ex-
emptions for single persons be low-
ered from $1,000 to $500, for a mar-
ried couple from $2,500 to $1,000 and
for each dependent from $400 to
$200.
Army Fetes Hitler
In Birthday March.
BERLIN, Apil 20.-(P)-The army
paid homage on his 48th birthday
today to the Fuehrer Hitler who re-
stored its power.
Fourteen thousand s o l d i e r s
marched in review to receive the

SWF Meeting ay Coney Island,
Slick Monte Carlo
Will Review 7 To Be United Here

Local Arrests
Labor Council Here Enters
Protest Against Police
Action In Recent Strike
No Decision Made
On Defendants' Plea
Thorough review of the events
leading up to the arrest of seven per-
sons in the course of a strike here
two weeks ago, and a discussion of'
future organizational methods are
Olanned for the Student Workers'
Federation meeting at 8 p.m. today
in the Union, Tom Downs, '39, presi-
dent, announced last night.
Whether the organization will seek
affiliation with the Michigan Con-
ference for the Protection of Civil
Rights, as urged by the executive
'committee, will also be settled to-
night, Downs said.
Arthur C. Lehman, former Demo-
cratic mayoralty candidate and at-
torney for the defendants in the
trial, which is set for 2 p.m. Thurs-
day,.said last night that no decision
on the defendants' appeal had been
reached.

Try your skill at pitching pennies;
try your luck at the roulette wheel;
discover if your hand is steady
enough to shoot out a candle with
a water pistol, your eye sharp enough
to ring a live duck's neck; or per-
haps you may be a second Dizzy
Dean-try to hit a human head with
a baseball, and if your boyhood was
all it should have been, you can hit
ping-pong balls with a sling-shot.
All At Michigras
At the Michigras, to be held April
23 and 24 in the Yost Field House,
you will have a chance to do all these
things and many others. There will
be dart games, and chuck-a-luck
games. You will be able to bet on
the probabilities of a certain rat
running into a certain hole. It will
be Coney Island and Monte Carlo
combined. Come and impress your
girl with your luck and your skill;
its all honest and above-board, and
your chances are good as the next
man's.
Many Prizes Offered
For prizes you have your choice
:f animals of all kinds, from fuzzy
penguins to elephants, from Scotty
dogs to bears. Or you can win a
Pop-Eye or Wimpy doll, or clocks, or
cameras or pipes. Would you rather
have the little lady take home a
half-pound box of candy, or some of
her favorite cigarettes? There will

F.D.R. Speaks
Of New Taxes
To KeepDown
Bnudget Deficit
Indicates Federal Shortage
Will Be $418,000,000
For Next Fiscal Year
Asks For 1 Billion
For Work Relief
WASHINGTON, April 20.-(R)-
President Roosevelt told Congress to-
day that latest figures indicate the
government will go $418,000,000 into
the red in the 1938 fiscal year-the
eighth successive year of federal defi-
cits.
However, he called for economy,
said he would use "every means at
my command" to wipe out the threat-
ened deficit and indicated that new
taxes may be sought in the next
session of Congress to close the gap
between income and outgo.
The President laid the figures be-
fore legislators in a message which
called for $1,500,000,000 for work re-
lief in the 1938 fiscal year-which
begins next July 1.
He overhauled previous financial

r,
r
A ,
M
l

Conference Today
"It's all pretty much in the specu-
lative stage and we haven't decided
just how we will handle it," he said.
He conferred with the defendants
yesterday. Another conference is
planned for 5 p.m. today. Michael
Evanoff, '36L, also retained by the
defendants, is expected to arrive
here this afternoon.
The Ann Arbor Trades and Laborl
Council has sent the City Council
'a protest of police action in arrest-'
ing the five University students, one
of whom is a reporter for The Daily,
alumnus and bystander, during the
strike at the Ann Arbor Recreation
Center, 605 E. Huron St., it was re-
vealed yesterday.
"The Student Workers' Federa-
tion acted in good faith; the em-
ployer did not-picketing was the
only recourse," the protest read.
"cketing Peaceful
"The picketing was peaceful and
orderly. Two students were 'taken
in,' not arrested, for speaking with-
out apermit,-you know the rest of
the story-all were booked for 'dis-
orderly conduct."
The protest also criticized Justice
Jay H. Payne, who will preside at
the trial, chafging that he had ex-
pressed prejudiced opinion at the
preliminary hearing.
"In view of the fact that an un-
'usual number of police were assem-
bled at the Recreation hall before the
picketing began and in view of the
fact that the police themselves did
not know or professed not to know
what the picketing was about, it is
clear that the police were there for
one purpose only-to enforce the
law as they understood it with ex-
treme partiality in favor of the man-
agement of the hall," the communi-
cation read.
Those arrested are Edward Magdol,
'39, a reporter for The Daily; Tom
Downs, president; Arnold H. Kambly,
'38; Joseph Bernstein,'39: Rafael W.
Haskell, '38E; Ralph Naefus, '36F&C;,
and Paul Christman, 1059 Lincoln
Ave.
McCLUSKY TO NORTHWESTERN
Prof. Howard Y. McClusky of the
education school will be among the
82 educators from universities and
colleges throughout the country who
will serve as guest instructors during
the 1937 summer session at North-
western University, it was announced
yesterday.

be plenty of those, as
traditional kewpie dolls.

well as the estimates to take account of disap-

In all of the booths there will be
games and prizes galore, and there
will be a chance for everyone to try
his skill at all of the carnival arts to
the tune of the suave croupier's voice1
and the barker's hoarse call-games
to suit all tastes and all talents at,
the Michigras.
1 1
Local Company
To Ask Permit
To Broadcast3
Yost, Abbot To Go Before
Federal Communications
Commission Friday
The Federal Communications Com-
mission will hear Friday the petition
of the Ann Arbor Broadcasting Com-
pany to establish a radio station in
Ann Arbor, Prof. Waldo M. Abbot,
director of the University Broad-
casting Service and vice-president of
the company announced yesterday.
He will leave today to attend the
conference in Washington with Prof.
Fielding H. Yost of the physical edu-
cation department.
On the ruling of the commission
depends the granting of a license for
operation. The petition calls for a
station of one kilowatt output on a
wave length of 1550 kilocycles. If
permission is given, the station will
occupy the same spot as WQXR, an
experimental high fidelity transmit-
ter located in New York.
The station would be owned not
by the University but by a private
corporation, organized with a cap-
ital stock of $50,000, Professor Abbot
said. Its president is Professor Yost,
and its offices are temporarily locat-
ed in the First National Building.
Permanent studios will probably oc-
cupy two stories, provision being
made for a studio large enough to
house a symphony orchestra, a small-
er studio, control room, audition and
reception rooms and executive of-
fices. The transmitter would be sit-
uated on the Dhu Varren Farms in
Barton Hills.
Technical equipment would be di-
(Continued on Page 2)

pointing tax receipts, which fell be-
low treasury predictions.
"Two Definite Steps"
Two "definite steps" will be taken,
he Chief Executive said, to narrow
the spread between revenue and ex-
penditures:
1. An effort will be made to save
'a substantial percentage" of appro-
priations.
2. The flow of cash into the treas-
ury will be increased by liquidating
assets of certain emergency bureaus.
At a press conference late this af-
ernoon, the President elaborated on
point no. 1, saying Congress prob-
ably would be asked to pass a law
giving him specific authority to with-
hold from Federal departments any
yppropriations he believes unneces-
ary.
Deficit, To Rise
For the remainder of this fiscal
year, Mr. Roosevelt said in his re-
lief message, the deficit will rise
$309,000,000 over the original esti-
mate. This will bring the deficit to.
$2,557,000,000. If the treasury bor-
rows to the full amount of the in-
crease in the deficit, the public debt
will climb to a new $35,335,000,000
peak on June 30.
The President's appeal for economy
brought quick expressions of support
from both . Senator Robinson, the
Democratic leader, and Senator Mc-
Nary, the Republican leader. Prais-
ing the message, they called for a
brake on Federal spending.
From Senator Byrnes (Dem., S.C.),
a close presidential adviser, however,
came a statement that he would seek
to pare the projected $1,500,000,000
relief appropriation to $1,000,000,000
From some Republican quarters
came expressions of dissatisfaction
with Mr. Roosevelt's tax statement.
Mr. Roosevelt told Congress the
Treasury will submit conclusions for
plugging loopholes in existing taxes
(continued on Page 2)
Next Gargoyle
To Be Special
For Centennial
Add 24 Pages To Edition;
To Feature Spring Styles,
Old Student Scandal
Gargoyle has increased its tradi-
tional 28 pages to 52 for the special
Centennial issue, largest in 15 years,
to go on sale Thursday, C. Grant
Barnes, '37, business manager, said
yesterday.
Beginning with a cover by Hodges
depicting how University swains have
transported their dates about Ann
Arbor in the last century, the issue
will include the regular features, plus
an eight-page spring fashion supple-
ment and a story taken from actual
news clippings about a student scan-
dal here several years ago.
The Preposterous Person in this
issue, Barnes hinted, is someone re-
cently prominent in student publica-
tions.
There will be a feature on the
Michigras and four pages of old pic-
tures of the University.
The price of the magazine will be
25 cents, Barnes stated, despite a
printer's error which quotes the price
at 10 cents.

',
_;
:

Pitt Deans Publish Volume Titled
'What Every Man Should Know'

Mysteries Of University To Be
Divulged In Centennial Exhibits

The social conduct of the men,
students of the University of Pitts-
burgh is being dictated these days
by a guide on manners written by
Dr. Vincent W. Lanfear, dean of
men, and Robert C. Corley, his as-
sistant, entitled "What Every Man
Should Know."
The little volume sets forth the
precepts of correct conduct, explains
what the world expects of collegel
men, and points out methods of
avoiding embarassing situations. I
Among the practices expected of a
gentleman, according to the Pitts-
burgh deans, are the following:

4. Always "remember" having met
a person who remembers you even if
you don't really recall.
5. It is more embarassing to find
yourself formally attired when your
host is dressed informally than to be
in street clothes when your host is
wearing a stiff shirt and black tie.
6. If your salad shows signs of skid-
ding, by all means resort to your
knife.
7. When you enter an office place
your hat in an inconspicuous place
and remember where.
8. When making introductions be
certain not to command. Refrain
from saying Mr. Blank meet Mr.

By IRVING SILVERMAN
The customary sedateness and in-
tricate mysteries of the University
will be subjected to unprecedented
treatment during the June Centen-
nial celebration of the establishment
of the University in Ann Arbor.
For, each department of the
University, in a gigantic "open
house," will put itself on exhibit,
with a central display on the his-
tory of the University to be placed
in Alumni Memorial Hall, Dr. Carl
Guthe, director of Museums and
chairman of the Centennial Exhibits
Committee, explained yesterday.
The individual departmental ex-
hibits, however, Dr. Guthe pointed
out, will be coordinated as far as pos-

the individual visitor is most interest-
ed. The aim of the displays, it was,
shown, is not only to acquaint the
visitors with the growth and facili-
ties of the University but also to
show how the University serves the
people of the state.
Each exhibit, Dr. Guthe explained,
will be prepared by the individual
departments except in those cases
where it will be feasible to combine
histories and efforts.
In addition, guide service to the
exhibits will be provided from the
Union and at the individual ex-
hibits,' Dr. Guthe said. He added
that probably a Centennial pamph-
let will be published explaining what
and where each exhibit is.
'T'hcmemeru s o f the committee

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