THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FIDAY. APRIL 9, 1937
Coal Utilization IDavid Lawrence Hits At President's
Proposal To Change Supreme Court. To HoldAnnual
___- Board Meeting
(Continued from Page 4)
I -Tim- -c(nmn f opam
To Hear Talks
By Dr. Purdon
to the vacancies on the district courts vided. Democracy is always in dan-
and the Circuit Court of Appeals, the ger when resort to subterfuge is pre-.
President has in many instances ferred to an open projection of a
made appointments that are plainly fundamental question before the
political and which members of bar electorate.
associations have recognized as such.
If Mr. Roosevelt intends to appoint
to the coming vacancies on the Su-1
preme Court of the United States
men of the same calibre he has been
appointing to the lower courts, then
indeed we are justified in assuming
that his real purpose is to acquire
political control of the judicial branch:
of the government just as he has'
come to dominate the other two.
SO much of a "rubber stamp" affair
has our legislative body becomei
that the President this time has sent
along with his message an exact draft
of a bill. It had been supposed that
legislative power was vested in Con-
gress. But since the last election it
may be inferred that Mr. Roosevelt
feels he has a mandate to write legis-
lation and send it to Congress with a
demand for its prompt approval.
There can only be tragedy ahead for
the American Republic if it accepts
such usurpation without protest. Mr.
Roosevelt's attitude can only mean a
consolidation of all three branches of
our government under one head.
Wrote Thomas Jefferson:
"A single consolidated govern-
ment would become the most cor-
rupt government on earth . . .
What has destroyed the liberty
and the rights of man in every
government which has existed
under the sun? The generalizing
and concentrating all cares into
one body ..
"Itis not by the consolidation
or concentration of powers, but
by their distribution that good
government is effected.
It may be that a highly centralized
government is what the American
people want at the moment. It may
be that they prefer the will of one
man to the judgments of nine or 15
justices or even 531 members of Con-
gress. But if consolidation of the
legislative, executive, and judicial
branches of the government does
come, it will not remain for long.
The people will insisu on making
such a government more directly re-
sponsive to popular will. They will
not permit a fixed tenure for presi-
dents of four or even six years nor
will they wish a fixed tenure for
members of the House and Senate.
They will seek to protect themselves
in the only way that true democra-
cies have been able to assure them-
selves against tyranny-they will
want a system of recall written into
the Constitution so that on specific
issues such as the present proposed
change in the number of the Supreme
Court justices there could be a ref-
erendum of the people.
DEMOCRACY is never in danger
when additional methods of let-
ting the people decide issues are pro-
The fault of the spread of cancer
may be laid to the doctors in the
modern medical profession, Dr. Carl
V. Weller, chairman of the Pathology
Department, stressed last night when
he spoke before the members of Phi
Sigma, honorary scientific research
society in Natural Science Building.
The majority of doctors today, he
added, refuse to take the trouble for
a complete physical examination, the
vital step in arresting the ravages of
the dreaded disease. The fact that
cancer is curable if intercepted in the
incipient stages was emphasized. Dr.
Wells advocated periodic, thorough
medical examinations as an impor-
tant element in the stamping out of
Following his lecture the society
members were served refreshments
and conducted its annual election of
officers. The results of the ballot-
ing found Joseph Harris, president;
Hugh Clark, vice-president; Robert
Lindberg, treasurer; and Kathleen
Hussey, recording secretary, all grad-
Christian Association and chairman
of the Men's Council Labor Commit-
tee. Cassell, according to the Fed-
eration, refused to arbitrate with the
The sit-down strike which was to
have been called last night was pre-
vented because pin-boys who had
agreed to sit down since had been
The President's proposal should be
thoroughly debated not only by mem-
bers of the bar but by the people
generally in every state of the Union.
If the age of 70 is to be the limit of
federal judges, a constitutional
amendment requiring a compulsory
retirement will, if adopted, attain
all proper objectives of real judicial
The statute which the President
has proposed is unconstitutional on
its face. It is not a bill to fix the
size of the Supreme Court of the
United States-as was done 'in pre-
vious instances-but a bill dealing
almost entirely with the retirement
issue over which Congress has no
power at all. The Constitution pro-'
vides life tenure for all federal judges
without interference or coercion by
the legislative body. The people
alone can change the Constitution
through a referendum called for
that particular purpose and for no
Prof. Haber To Address
Social Security Meeting
Prof. William Haber of the eco-
nomics department will participate
in the 10th annual meeting of the
AmericandAssociation for Social Se-
curity today and tomorrow in Ne
The meeting will bring together
students and administrators of social
security from all sections of the coun-
try. Professor Haber will read a
paper on "The Needed Link Between
Unemployment Insurance and Re-
Hardest Fighting In Recent
Months Brings Heavy
Losses To Insurgents
MADRID, April 8.-(A')-The heav-
iest fighting in months broke out on
the outskirts of Madrid tonight.
Madrilenos, hardened as they are
by the long siege, nevertheless for-
sook their late dinners and huddled
in darkened doorways as they listened
fearfully to the roar of artillery and
the rattle of machine guns for an
hour and a half.
Government military headquar-
ters declared the insurgents were
beaten back with heavy losses as they
attacked along the whole front from
the Carabanchel region, just south
of Madrid, to University City, the
war-scarred district of northwestern
The fighting, which began at 8:301
p.m. and had started to die down at
10 p.m., came just 'after the govern- i
ment achieved a success in southern
Spain with the union of two main
coltimns some 70 miles north of the
highly important insurgent-held city
Government reports also told of
heavy air bombings of insurgent po-
sitions at Valladolid, far northwest
of Madrid; at Toledo, south of Ma-
drid, and at Malaga, southern sea-
The sanctuary of the virgin De La
Cabeza, atop a mountain in southern
Jaen province, was subjected to an
aerial attack in which four 500-
pound bombs were dropped, the gov-
(Refugees from that peak reported
Tuesday that 1,500 slowly-starving
persons were being kept in hand by
insurgent officers there only through
a reign of terror).
New Campaign Chairman
.To Be Announced And
Report To Be Given
The annual meeting of the Com-
munity Fund Board of Directors will
be held at 6:30 p.m. Tuesday, April
27, in the Y.M.C.A., it was an-
nounced yesterday by Everett R.
This meeting will be a departure
from the regular form of meeting in
that 195board members of the Fund's
11 agencies will meet with the Board
Mrs. C. F. Ramer and Mrs. Charles
Fisher will report on nominations
for various committees
Mr. Hames will deliver the annual
report, which is dedicated to Henry
W. Douglas, president of the Fund
from 1921 to 1924, and will give a
summary of the 15 years of the Ann
Arbor Community Fund from 1921
to 1936. He will also propose a new
slogan and a new insignia for the
,300 Quit GM
On UAWA Call
(Continued from Page i)
the Oshawa strikers had followed the
CIO "paid propagandists" at a time
when both "employes and the indus-
try itself were in a position to en-
joy a prosperity not known since
The strike walkout at Oshawa was
peaceful. Auto workers entered the
plants at seven a.m., punched time
clocks and marched out again to
form picket lines. Only the admin-
istrative office building was left open
to executives and office employes.
A scheduled conference for nego-
tiation fell through with the com-
pany's reiteration of its refusal to
recognize the UAWA.
Reports that a strong police force
was concentrating here, 35 miles
from Oshawa, roused this comment
from C. H. Millar, an employe:
"There is no excuse for the govern-
ment taking precautions to have so
many police on hand for the strike
here. We proved, when we kept
the men in check during the crisis
of the past week, that we had full
control over them.
"We even went to the extent of
having the government close all bev-
erage rooms and liquor stores so that
no trouble would arise from any men
PRINCETON, N. J., April 8.-(P)-
Professor Gilbert Chinard of the
University of California today be-
came the first permanent holder of
the Meredith Holland Pyne Memorial
Professorship in French literature at
tiuman1y.s coing z Age anV e11U #Dr. T. Luther Purdom, director of
Oneness of Reality. All interested the University Bureau of Appoint-
are welcome. ments and Occupational Information,
s will discuss "The Effect of Guidance
Sigma Xi: The annual banquet and Problems on the Success of Secon-
initiation will be held Wednesday, i dary School Students" and the
May 5, at 6:30 -p.m. at the Michigan " Remedial Measures in Guidance;
Union. Prof. Jesse Ormondroyd will Pupil Adjustment through the In-
speak on "The Two Hundred Inch terview" in the four talks which Ile
Telescope Mounting." will deliver April 16 before the Guid-
Bowling: The bowling alleys at the ance Clinic at the Winona State
' T bwn lyat Teachers College, Winona, Minn.
Womens Athletic Building will be'
closed during the Spring Vacation
beginning Saturday, April 10.
The usual hours will be resumed
Lutheran Student Choir: There
will be no rehearsal until Sunday'
April 25, unless choir members are
St. Paul's Lutheran Church, Sun-
The clinic, which is a conference
on guidance for public school super-
intendents, high school principles,
and counselors for boys and girls, was
Ilikened to the Michigan Vocational
Guidance Series, which was held
here earlier this .semester.
Dr. Purdom will also give the final
address of the conference, talking on
the topic "Responsibility of the In-
telligentsia in Guiding the Masses in
day, the pastor, Dr. Brauer, will ijemocy
preach at 10:45 a.m. on "A Remark-
able Testimony of Jesus." LEITH TRIAL BEGINS
"Christus," a seven reel film, de- The trial of Thomas S. Leith,
picting the Life of Christ, will be Brighton, on a charge of swindling,
shown in the church auditorium at began yesterday in Circuit Court
7:30 p.m. Silver offering. Fellow- with Judge George W. Sample sit-
ship hour and supper will be held at ting as a one-man jury.
First Church of Christ, Scientist: STAT ION ERY
409 S. Division St.; Morning service, 100 SHEETS $1
Sunday, 10:30 a.m.; Subject: Are Sin, 100 ENVELOPES
Disease and Death Real? Sunday Printed with your name and address
School for pupils under 20 years at THE CRAFT PRESS
11:45 a.m. 305 Maynard Street Phone 8805
INSTRUCTOR SHOT TO DEATH
TONOPAH, Nev., April 8.-(PR)- DA N C E
James Baird, 26, instructor in math-
ematics and science at Tonopah high M I C H I GA N U N I ON
schoolswas shot to death on a down- FRIDAY NIGHT
town street today by John Weaver, F
1 veteran 'miner. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Will Remain Open During
No Membership Required
During This Period.
Promptly and neatly done by experi-
enced operators at moderate prices.
O. D. MORRILL
314 South State Street
HALL ER'S Jewelry
State at Liberty
HILLEL FOUNDATION, B'NAI B'RITH
Oakland and East University.
Dr. Bernard Heller, Director.
FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
Masonic Temple, at 327 South Fourth Ave.
Rev. W. P. Lemon, Minister
Miss Elizabeth Leinbach, Assistant.
10:45 a.m. - "The Complete Life." Sermon
by the minister. Student choir and
BETHLEHEM EVANGELICAL CHURCH
South Fourth Avenue, near Packard
Rev. T. R. Schmale, Pastor
9:00 a.m. - Early Service (conducted in Ger-
9:30 am. - Sunday School. Classes for all
10:30 a.m. - Morning worship sermon. Topic :
''"Christian Standards of Living.''
ST. PA UL'S LUTHERAN CHURCH
Cor. Third and Liberty Streets
Carl A. Brauer, Minister
9:30 a.m. - Church School and Bible Class.
10:45 a.m.-Sermon: "Jesus Testifies."
5:30 p.m. - Student Club Supper.
7:30 p.m. - Moving picture showing of the
Life of Christ entitled; "Christians," in
FIRST METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH
Corner State and Washington Streets
Rev. Charles W. Brashares. Minister
9:45 a.m.-Student Class led by Dr. G. E.
10:30 a.m.-Sunday morning worship serv-
ice "Of What Are You A Part?" Sermon
by Dr. Brashares.
6:00 p.m.-Wesleyan Guild at Stalker Hall.
300 East Washington
Huron between State and Division