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February 19, 1937 - Image 7

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1937-02-19

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The Weatlier
Possible rain or snow today
with moderate southerly winds.

C, r

Siriu

fiait

Editorials
On The Tariff.
Mr. Douglas

VOL. XLVII No. 99 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, FEB. 19, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Varsity Stops
Tech By Late
3-Goal Spurt
Miners Battle Stubbornly
To Match Early Score,
But Fade In Overtime
Cooke's Goal Turns
Tide In Last Period
By BONTH WILLIAMS
A tired Michigan hockey team, still
showing the effects of the between-
semester lay-off, flamed into life
after 64 minutes and 39 seconds of
slam bang hockey in the Coliseum
last night to garner three goals
and trounce the Michigan Tech Min-
ers, 4-1.
The victory assured the Wolver-
ines of at least a tie for the mythical
state crown despite the outcome of
tonight's clash, the last of a four-
game series. Michigan already boasts
two victories and a tie or win in the
finale will earn them the Michigan
championship.
Maid Standout In ..ets
Michigan Tech was a better team
last night than the score indicates
and for all but he last five minutes of
play battled the Wolverines on even
terms. The Miners great goalie Ed
Maki was a standout in the nets, but
he had to bow to the performance of
Michigan's Bill Chase.
Time after time Chase saved the
day, as he sprawled from one corner
of the net to the other, kicking, bat-
ting and swatting out flying rubber
slung from all directions. Maki and
Chase turned in between them as
fine a collection of saves as the Col-
iseum ice will see in a long time.
Big Clem Bucher. bald headed
Tech defenseman, proved himself to
be as good as reports indicated as he
and Captain "Moon" Mullins kept
the vaunted Michigan scoring attack
at bay throughout most of the game.
Down at the other end of the ice
big Bert Smith was in fine form as
he discouraged too eager Miner fank-
ers with stiff body checks.
Heyliger Flashes Old Form
Gibby James paced the Wolverine
scorers with two last minute goals
and an .assist. Captain Vic Heyliger
who returned to the line-up for the
first time since he faced Tech at
Houghton flashed his old time form,
but a long hospital stay and an op-
eration in the interim have taken
some of his stamina which another
week of practice will return.
Michigan jammed into high gear
with the opening whistle last night
and Heyliger and James cooperated
on the best goal of the evening before
the game was a minute old.
The sly Canadian took the puck at
the red line, raced around the left
side of the defense and laid a perfect
(Continued on Page 4)
Varsity Cagers
Ready To Meet
ToughWildcats

Heyliger Takes James' Pass For First Goal

-By Daily Staff Photographer.
Vic Heyliger, captain of the Varsity hockey six, is shown (center,
above) as he began the shot that netted him the first goal in Mich-
igan's 4-1 defeat of Michigan Tech last night in the Coliseum. H3ey-
liger's score came on the best play of the game when only 50 seconds
of the first period had elapsed. Gib James, junior wing, took the puck
at the red line, raced around the left side of the defense and drew
Goalie Ed Maki out of position, then laid a perfect pass on Ileyliger's
stick (as shown) just as the latter hit the goal.
Financiers Back Labor Unions,
Ford Sas, To Kill Competition'

'Stay Out,' Auto Magnate
Warns Workers; Court
Plan Also Attacked
WAYS. Ga., Feb. 19.--()-Henry
Ford today advised all workers to
"stay out of labor organizations" and
charged "international financiers are
behind the labor unions."
The Detroit automobile manufac-
turer, in an authorized interview, al-
WASHINGTON, Feb. 19.-(RP)-
William Green, president of the
American Federation of Labor, said
tonight of Henry Ford's advice to
workers to stay out or all labor or-
ganizations:
"His conclusions, in my judgment,
are unfounded and not well based.
"The individual worker stands
helpless in dealing in wages and hours
with a powerful employer like Mr.
Ford."
so criticized the proposal to increase
the number of Supreme Court jus-
tices.
"International financiers," said
Ford, "are behind the labor unions
because they want to control industry
and kill competition. They are the
cause of all these strikes."
He said he opposed the plan to re-
vise the Federal judiciary because "it
gives one man too much power-
more than the Constitution defines.
"A man loses his independence
when he joins a labor group of any
kind," Ford said, "and he suffers as
a result.
"Competition in industry will guar-
antee workers a fair wage, but labor
unions destroy this competition.
"It is organizations of this type
that lead up to war.
"I am thoroughly convinced that
the cure for strikes and other labor
High School Student
Shoots Self With Rifle
Porter Powers, 16 years old, a stu-
dent at University High School, was
found dead of a self-inflicted rifle
wound at midnight Wednesday in
front of the home of Mr. and Mrs.
R. B. Finley, 2018 Milford Rd., where
he was living.

difficulties is a high minimum wage.
"It is the less-skilled man, work-
ing on the smaller wage scale, who
causes trouble when his income is
insufficient for his family needs.
Merit, skill and ability take care
of the salaries of the, higher-paid
men.
"A high minimum wage has been
our policy since 1914. Industries
must arrange to take care of the ex-
pense of this."
He said workers should have an
opportunity to own a garden, even if
industry must furnish the necessary
land.
"Soil is the only real security," he
declared.
"Farmers in turn should take a real
interest in the school their children
attend. They ought o see that their
sons and daughters actually learn to
do something.
"They're all hooked together-ed-
ucation, farming and industry."
Colds Increase
During rJanuary,
Dr. Bell Claims
Colds, influenza and pneumonia in-
creased during the month of January
according to the monthly report of the
Health Service as submitted by Dr.
Margaret Bell, acting director. There
were 1,533 cases of colds treated dur-
ing the month, 89 cases of influenza
and 9 cases of pneumonia.
During January there were 11,988
dispensary calls treated at the Health
Service. This was a decided increase
over January, 1936 when there were
10,691 dispensary calls. In spite of
the eight per cent increase in st4-
dent population last year there was
a 12 per cent increase in dispensary
calls.
The report reveals that the Second
National Conference on College Hy-
giene held in Washington last De-
cember, recommended 30 infirmary
beds for every thousand students and
a full time doctor for every 500 stu-
dents, whose work would be mainly
preventive. The Health Service has
only 24 beds for almost 10,000 stu-
dents.

Durfee Backs
Judicial Plan
Of President
Interpretation By Court Of
Constitution Held Better
Than Amendmenti
Judges' :Resignation
Seen As Probable
EDITOR'S NOTE: Ths is the third
in a series of five articles dealing with
President Roosevelt's plan to increase
the membership of the Supreme Court.
A fourth, an interview with Prof. Burke
Shartel of the Law School, will appear
tomorrow.
By FRED WARNER NEAL
Prof. Edgar N. Durfee of the Law
School last night declared himself
in favor of President Roosevelt's plan
to increase the membership of the
Supreme Court as a "choice of evils."
"The Constitution must be amend-
ed," Professor Durfee declared, "but
there are two ways of amending it.
One is the formal and essentially
legislative method provided in Article
Five of the Constitution itself. The
other is judicial construction.
Favors "Packing" Of Court
"The latter method has been em-
ployed since the founding of the re-
public and now, after 150 years, its i
product is imposing," Professor Dur-
fee said. It is on the theory that in
the present situation judicial'amend-
ment is the more practicable and
the more conservative course that
Professor Durfee favors what he
frankly calls "packing" the court.
Professor Durfee believes that both
are needed because each has its ad-
vantages for particular situations.
"For example, I don't see how wom-
en's suffrage could have been in-
troduced by judicial amendment be-
cause it was not the sort of thing
that could be attained by gradual
steps from case to case," he said.
"Contrariwise, it involved one simple,
clear-cut issue which lent itself to
the legislative method. Suffrage
raises nice questions, for we have al-
ways excluded some male citizens
from the ballot-minors, illiterates
sometimes, convicted criminals some-
times, the propertyless for some spe-
cial elections. But women's suffrage
raised none of these problems. The
sole question was, shall we distinguish
between the male and the female-
answer yes or no.
Adjustment Problem Of Detail
"On the other hand, adjustment of
the relations between the federal gov-
ernment and the several states is a
problem of endless detail," Professor
Durfee said. "The Constitution gave
us a few broad formulae to apply to
it, and some of the amendments add-
ed other broad formulae. Wisely,
(Continued on Page 6)
Staff Members
Of Publications
Can Get Awards
Scholarships To Be Given
Those With B Average
For Four Semesters
Members of student publication
staffs, who have a B average for four
consecutive semesters, are eligible for
$50 scholarship prizes, the Board in
Control of Student Publications has
announced. The Board's action pro-
viding for the scholarships is a re-
newal of last year's resolution.
The resolution follows in full:

"Resolved, that scholarship prizes
of $50 each be awarded each year,
after the close of the first semester
and before the Honors Convocation,
to every person who has done satis-
factory work as a regular member
of the staff of any of the student
publications for four consecutive se-
mesters prior to such award, and has
attained an average scholarship rec-
ord of B or better during such period.
After winning a scholarship prize a
student may be awarded another the
following year if he has met the above
reqirements for the two additional
semesters. The Summer Session will
rank as one half a semester. The B
grade here referred to means "B" in
the system currently employed in the
University where the five letters A, B,
C, D, and E are used. Where stu-
dents have transferred from other in-
stitutions, special adjustment of
grades may be made by the Board in
proper cases.
"Each student believing himself en-
titled to a scholarship awarc\ shal]
file an application therefor at the
Board office within one month after
the close of the first semester, to-
gether with a tabulation by semesters

For Spanish
European States Virtually ith 1111n4
Complete Preparations
To Encircle Spain
Ring Of Warships Is Rachmaninoff Doesn't
Committee Solution Like To Play Prelude

ur oattie
ois Police

Nations Plan
To Halt Arms

LONDON, Feb. 19.-1P)-Twenty
six European nations with Portugal
mutually completed plans to encircle
war-ravaged Spain with prying eyes,
vigilant to halt men and munitions
at midnight Saturday.
Only details of the coastal naval
patrol and the Anglo-Portuguese
agreement for stationing of frontier
guards remained to be ironed out by
international negotiators, nearing the
end of months of bickering and dead-
lock.
Isolation Final Solution
A ring of warships and border
guards, to isolate Spain from foreign
assistance, was the neutrality com-
mittee's final solution of the Spanish
problem.
Foreign observers within her realm,
Portugal at first asserted, would re-
flect upon her national honor, al-
though neither France nor Great
Britain demurred at the stationing
of observers along the Pyrenees and
at Gibraltar.
Britain, however, persuaded Portu-
gal to accept tentatively a compro-
mise providing that British officers
patrol the Hispano-Portuguese fron-
tier. Only an agreement on the
number of guards remained before
final Portuguese approval of the
scheme.
Details Incomplete
In addition. details of the exact
sea zones to be patrolled by each
nation remained to be worked out.
Members of the neutrality sub-com-
mittee, composed of the 'six most in-
terested nations, agreed at a meeting
tonight to submit tentative plans to
their governments.
Informed quarters said the present
plans called for a joint Russian-Por-
tuguese patrol of the Basque coast
of Northern Spain, British supervi-
sion of the Gibraltar straits, French
patrol of the Balearic Islands and
Spanish Morocco, and Italo-German
control of the remainder of the Med-
iterranean coast, including Valencia.
Use Of Movies
Seen For Peace
Propagandists

TORONTO, Feb. I9.- (Canadian
Press)-There is one composition for
the piano that Serge Rachmaninoff
does not like to play.
It is the prelude in C sharp minor
by Serge Rachmaninoff.
"Don't you enjoy playing it any
more?" he was asked here today.
The gray eyes of the giant Rach-
maninoff closed as if in pain.
"No, I don't enjoy it," he said.
"Why?"
"Well," he said, "I have played it
one- thousand, five hundred times."
White ManIs
Aid To Eskimno,

Fre uchen

Strikers Hold Plant
Af Ho yr -M-l"- - 1- -

Says

A crowd of more than 1,500 people;
last night in Hill Auditorium heard
Peter Freuchen, Arctic explorer and
anthropologist, declare that the white
man has been a benefit to the Es-
kimo.
Freuchen told of cases in which a
steel knife, brought by a white man,
enabled an Eskimo to do in one hour
what otherwise would have taken sev-
eral days. "To cut a walrus hide
with a stone knife would entail sev-
eral days of hard, monotonous work,
Freuchen said. Yet the same Eskimo
would be able to cut right through
the skin with a modern implement.
"Not only has the Eskimo been
saved labor," Freuchen continued,
"but also his life has been made
safer." He told of how the presence
of guns could save a whole tribe
from starvation, of how medicine and
knowledge could prevent disease and
cut down the death rate.
He entitled his talk, "Arctic -Ad-
venture," after a book he has re-
cently written. He said that his first;
trip was filled with escapes froml
death.
On one occasion, when he was all
alone for a half-year in a cabin so
small he could not stretch out, he
went through the same experiences
which Admiral Byrd recently en-
countered. Wolves ate his dogs one,
by one, until he did not even have
them for companionship. This, he
said, was one of his most difficult!
positions. During the expedition,
three of his companions died of star-
,tin and the ex eriences of the

1

Siege BeginsAs Deputies
Circle Plant And Turn
Off Heat And Light
Union Men Indicted
By Anderson Jury
'Riot' Charged Against 19
Workers Held Prisoners
Since Battle Week Ago
BULLETIN
WAUKEGAN, Ill., Feb. 19.-MP)-
Rioting flared suddenly tonight out-
side the strike-bound property of the
Fansteel Metallurgical Corporation,
with special deputy sheriffs battling
a crowd of approximatey 200 union
sympathizers.
The fighting began when several
men surged out of the crowd and tore
the badges off half a dozen special
officers recruited from farms and vil-
lages along the North Shore.
The deputies retaliated with free
use of their clubs and baseball bats.
WAUKEGAN, Ill., Feb. 19.-(P)-
Law enforcement officers-repulsed
in a two-hour battle with "sit down"
strikers holding two North Chicago
plants of the Fansteel Metallurgical
corporation-resorted to siege strat-
egy today.
They drew their lines about the be-
leaguered buildings. The heat and
lights were cut off.
"My Men Exhausted"
Sheriff L. A. Doolittle, who led 125
policemen and deputies in a spectac-
ular but futile attempt to rout the
82 demonstrators, announced he
would make no further move to storm
the factories pending the outcome of
peace efforts by state and federal
conciliators. "My men," he reported,
"are exhausted."
Doolittle informed Governor Henry
Horner he feared "four or five other
factories will be placed in similar
circumstances" if the Fansteel dis-
pute continued.
The strikers, demanding recogni-
tion of their Committee for Indus-
trial Organization union, wrapped
themselves in blankets to ward off the
wintry winds whistling through the
shattered windows of the plants.
One of the first actual efforts to
carry out a court order directing the
evacuation of a factory seized by
"sit downers" precipitatedthe riot
this morning. Six men were in-
jured.
ANDERSON, Ind., Feb. 19.-(")-
The Madison County grand jury,
moving swiftly in an effort to fix the
blame for the outbreak of a labor
feud that brought military rule to
Anderson, today indicted 19 men for
rout and riot shortly after the intl-
itary had given their custody to/civil
authorities.
19 Men Indicted
The 19 indicted-all identified by
Victor Reuther, organizer for the
United Automobile Workers of Amer-
ica, as union members or sympathiz-
ers-hadbeen military prisoners
since their arrest following a clash
between union and non-union forces
last Saturday. Only five of those in-
dicted are from Anderson or vicinity.
Thirteen are from Flint, Mich., and
one from New York City.
In addition to the rout and riot
charges, other indictments, charging
malicious trespass, were returned
against 16 of the men.
DETROIT, Feb. 19. - (R) - The
United Automobile Workers of Amer-
ica pressed tonight for an agreement
with General Motors Corporation'
providing "seniority based on length
of service" for its members who are
employed in the plants of the big
automobile concern.
General Motors officials have idi-

cated that any decision made in cur-
rent conferences with union leaders,
designed to compose differences un-
settled in last week's agreement which
ended widespread U.A.W.A. strikes,
would be extended to apply to all em-
ployes.
DETROIT, Feb. 19.--GP)--General
Motors Corporation's automotive
plants rapidly neared capacity pro-
duction tonight as its negotiators
ended four days of conferences with
union representatives on issues re-

d
;
4:
6
i
r_.
,:

Fishman Out
Wolverines
Distance Of

Of Lineup;
In Striking
Leadership

The use of the motion picture and "'0' 1 10A'C' V
other means of visual education were rest were such, that he was the only
described last night by Dr. Francis S. member to return from the Arctic.
Onderdonk as more effective methods
for peace propaganda than individual Carl Peterson Enjoys
lecturers.IFod Afte 10 Fas
Dr. Onderdonk, who presented an oo er ears
anti-war film "Dealers in Death"
Wednesday and Thursday in Natural SEATTLE, Feb. 19.-(I)-Carl L.
Science Auditorium, declared that his Peterson, 78, told feelingly today how
method is one of the most successful it felt to eat his first meal in ten
among the many exploited by peace years.
organizations in the country. A re- Said Peterson, "it was great!"
cent presentation in Richmond, Va., More than ten years ago he under-
reached more than 6,000 persons, he Vwent an emergency throat operation
said, and the constant use of lan- and thereafter was unable to swal-
tern slides and movies in other places low. He had to take his nourishment,
ternslesrd ad monsieb inf lace a milk diet, through a tube inserted
has exerted a considerable influence in his side, but was able to continue
on politics. his work as a sawmill foreman.
When he is able to organize his
program for an American peace film POSTMASTER BANKRUPT
library, Dr. Onderdonk said, his next DETROIT, Feb. 19.-P)-Roscoe
effort will be the formation of an B. Huston, Detroit postmaster, filed
international film library in coopera- a voluntary petition in bankrupty to-
tion with English and other foreign day, listing debts totaling $710,000
anti-war movie producers. and assets of $1,532.
New University Department Has
Problem Of Keeping Its Students

EVANSTON, Ill., Feb. 19.-(Spe-
cial to The Daily)-With its spark-
plug guard, Herm Fishman, ill in
Ann Arbor, a crippled Michigan bas-
ketball team is waiting to take the
floor tomorrow night here against
Northwestern's erratic Wildcats.
Fishman, still in bed with a severe
cold, was unable to make the trip
with thetWolverines and it is doubt- !
ful whether he will be in condition1
to rejoin the Varsity when it col-1
lides with Purdue's Riveters Monday
night back in Yost Field House.
With Fishnan out of the lineup,
Coach Cappy Cappon is planning on
starting Bill Barclay in the vacant
guard post and Ed Thomas at for-
ward at Patten gym against Coach
Dutch Lonburg's boys. Thomas has
plenty of speed and his share of ex-
perience from his role as "sixth man"
as well as more than his share of
accuracy from the floor.
With the Wolverines within strik-
ing distance of the Conference lead-
ership, tomorrow night's game has
taken on all the proportions of a
"crucial tilt" despite the fact that it
precedes the Boilermaker-Varsity
confab.
The Wildcats undoubtedly have a
far better team than they are given
credit for despite their record of

Labor Party Seen As Unlikely
In America By Prof. Dickinson
I@

By IRVING S. SILVERMAN
Although labor unions are now;
stronger in the United States than
ever before, there is no indication
that they will seek to establish po-
litical parties, Prof. William Dick-
inson of the economics department
pointed out yesterday in an inter-
view.
Labor unions, he believes, are today
more receptive to the practice of
having the government do things for
them, such as passing social and
labor legislation whereas, in the early
days of the American Federation of
Labor, the unions were skeptical of
government interference.
In fact, he pointed out, the govern-
ment today has shown itself favor-
able tothe un~ions nd in return the I

Professor Dickinson, must not be con-
sid'ered pertinent because of the in-
creased interest of the AFL and the
CIO in political problems and con-
troversies, for, he explained, there
can be interpreted as merely maneuv-
erings for the leadership of labor in
this country. The union leaders, he
said, are more interested in obtaining
the backing of the labor population
in the United States than they are
in creating a political party or parties
to further the interests of the labor-
ing class.
The unions of today, Professor
Dickinson explained, seem to follow
the traditional union program adopt-
ed early by the AFL, "Punish our
enemies, award our friends."

By TUURE TENANDER
The curious problem of keeping
people in the classroom from being
snatched into actual work by em-
ployers is faced by one of the Univer-
sity's newest departments-the Insti-
tute of Public and Social Administra-
tion.
The employers in this case are ad-
ministrative agencies of the govern-
ment of the State of Michigan and
the ones in demand for positions have
been the students enrolled in the
curriculum of public administration,
Prof. George C. S. Benson of that de-
partment said yesterday.
I "The need for trained men in nub-

Professor Benson explained, requires
from 24 to 36 hours of graduate credit
plus a period of apprenticeship dur-
ing which the student contacts actual
problems faced in governmental ad-
ministration.
"Our program," he pointed out,
"trains people for the general field
of public service, but more than that,
for specific phases of the field. Up-
on the basis of courses selected from
different departments on the cam-
pus, the student can branch out into
fiscal management, personnel ad-
ministration, public welfare adminis-
tration, social security administra-
tion, governmental planning and oth-

dl

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