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April 02, 1937 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1937-04-02

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Editorials
Problems Of The
Housing Committee ..

I

VOL. XLVII No. 133 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, APRIL 2, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Bates Asserts
Judiciary Plan
May Overrun
People's Land'

Local Big wigs Well Paid Off
In Latest B.M.O.. Bluebook

Law School Dean
Move Neither
Nor Progressive

Brands
Liberal

Cream Of Crop Unmasked j
In 32-Page Book Being'
Sold On Campus Today
Michigan's 221 B.M.O.C.'s, those
Olympian figures that hold down the
important campus jobs or are giants
of the social world, are the subjects+
of a booklet that is being sold on
campus today. j
Entitled "The B.M.O.C. (big men 1
on campus) Bluebook," in its 321
pages 145 juniors and seniors are'
described, according to the preface,;
"with no attempt made to catalogue+
the activities or statistics of the va-
rious victims, other than to index1
the names alphabetically. CommentsI
have been calculated to typify in-
dividuals, not as the editors see them, .
but as the Campus views them. We 1
have tried to keep our remarks brief
and unsweetened to the point of I
piquancy." l

Among the 145 upperclassmen that
are listed and commented upon, there
are 45 women included who prove
no more invulnerable to the stinging
finger of notoriety than the men.
Freshmen and sophomores are listed
as embryo B.M.O.C.'s with no at-
tempt made to classify their campus
accomplishments.
Besides the superabundance of
opprobium, the Bluebook is seasoned
by the inclusion of pictures of the
various celebrities. The last issue of
the Bluebook was in 1934 and then
as now, the authors remained in
careful anonymity.
Copies of the Bluebook may be
bought behind Angell Hall, on the
Diagonal at the Engineering Arch in
front of the Union and in the League.
According to its "anonymous" au-
thors it can also be purchased at
such establishments as Wahr's, the
Parrot, the Bell, and Drake's. The
price is 25 cents.

Denies That Crisis
Exists At Present
WASHINGTON, April 1..-)P-
Dean Henry M. Bates of the Law
School asserted today that what has
been described by President Roose-
velt as . a "no man's land" should
more properly be called "the people's
land." He added the people should
decide its use.
Opposing the Roosevelt court bill
before the Senate Judiciary Com-
mittee, the Michigan educator said
proposals for a new tribunal to in-
terpret the Constitution might result
in "the people's land" being "invad-
ed" without their consent.
Facing one of his old law school
pupils-Chairman Ashurst (Dem.,
Ariz.), of the committee-Dean Bates
contended the Roosevelt court pro-
posal was not "liberal and progres-
sive." Asserting it. would move "to-
ward a theory of government trium-
phant in part of Europe at the pres-
ent time," he described the measure
as being "retrogressive and reac-
tionary."
Questioned By Logan
Senator Logan (Dem., Ky), asked
Dean Bates whether if he were trying
a case before a jury of nine and knew
from the jury's past decisions that
it was against him, he would not
ask the judge for an increase to 15
members.
"Possibly," the dean replied. "But
when I was trying cases before juries
I felt the number 12 was heaven
born."
"You would not consider such a
move packing the jury, but an at-
tempt to get people with an open
mind, Wouldn't you? Logan asked..
"If there was some legal, existing
method I would of course avail my-
self of it" Dean Bates replied. But
he added that he doubted whether
he would take such action if he was
"in control" of the machinery.
"Why is it unethical for the Presi-
dent to ask Congress, instead of the
judge, for an increase in the num-
ber of judges so that'fair and im-
partial men could be selected to re-
try the cases and see if a mistake
had been made?" Logan asked.
Dangerous Proposal
"It is not unethical," Bates replied.
"It is dangerous."
"What is the danger in asking for
fair and impartial men to re-examine
the cass?"
"It is this. The proposition is not
to follow the existing and normal
way of filling the court," Bates said.
He added that if normal vacancies
occured on the court he would ex-
pect, and consider it proper for, the
President to fill them with men whose
views he had confidence in."1
Senators Balk
At Recording
Strike Protest
Guffey-Vinson Bill Vote
Stalled As Upper House
DebatesViolently
WASHINGTON, April 1.-(')-A
proposal to put Congress on record
against the sit-down strike technique
threw the Senate into violent debate
today and forestalled a vote on the
Guffey-Vinson coal bill.
The proposal offered by Demo-
cratic Senator Byrnes of South Car-
olina, evoked Republican demands
that President Roosevelt declare his
policy on sit-downs.
Senator Vandenberg (Rep., Mich.)
criticized the Administration for re-
maining as "silent as the tomb about
preserving law and order and civ-
ilized society."
Senator Johnson 4Rep., Calif.)

contended a federal statute made it
the "imperative duty of the President
to intervene in the sit-down situa-
tion." ,
Byrnes' amendment would insert,
the following statement in the coal
bill:
"It is declared to be the public
policy of the United States that no

Dickstein Asks
House Inquiry
Into U.S. Nazis
U.S. German Reply; Ask
For An Investigation Of
Organization
WASHINGTON, April 1.-(P)-
.Rep. Dickstein (Dem., N.Y.) predict-
ed tonight that the House would vote
next week to investigate charges that
Nazi agents are drilling troops in
the United States and attempting to
establish a fascist state.
Dickstein's resolution for an in-I
quiry received the approval of the
House Rules Committee today.
"There won't be ten votes against'
it when it reaches the floor," Dick-
stein said. "We are going to clean
house in this country."
Fritz Kuhn, hed of the American-
German Volksbund, said tonight in
New York he would welcome an in-
vestigation of his organization as
tT~merder by the House Rules
Committee in Washington this after-E
noon.
He said, however, that he would
demand that the inquiry, if approved,
by the House, also include the non-
sectarian Anti-Nazi League, which he
described as the "organization of
Samuel Untermeyer and Represen-
tative Dickstein."
It was Dickstein (Dem., N.Y.) who,
proposed the investigation of the
Volksbund in a resolution charging
that Kuhn had organized 200,000
Americans into storm troopers in an
effort to establish a Fascist state in
the United States.
Propose Continuing
Teachers' Tenure
LANSING, April 1.-(,R'-A bill
which would provide continuing ten-
ure for school teachers after they
have proved satisfactory in two years
of probationary employment was in-,
troduced today by Reps. Mervin W.
Tomlin, (Dem., Port Huron), and
George O'Hara, (Dem., Atlantic
Mine).
The bill would create a state ten-
ure commission composed of the su-
perintendent of public instruction
and five other members appointed by
the Governor, to serve staggered five-
year terms. To this commission the
dismissed teacher would have the
right of appeal.
Under the law a teacher who had
served out the term of probation
could be dismissed only after formal
charges had been preferred at least
60 days before the end of the school
year and the teacher had been given
a hearing.

Martin Defends
Sit-Down Strike
Before Miners
Says Technique Is Resurti
Of Lawlessness Of Auto
Corporations
GILLESPIE, Ill., April 1.-(R)-
Homer Martin, president of the
United Automobile Workers of Amer-
ica, defended the sit-down strike as'
a "technique in the working classes'
struggle for their rights" before a
group of miners here today, and de-
clared "we will continue to use this
method where it is necessary."
The Automobile Union head came
here at the invitation of the Gilles-
pie Progressive Miners' Local No. 1.
John Fisher, president of the local,
said Martin was asked to give infor-
mation on recent labor' troubles in
Michigan.
Martin asserted the sit-down strike
was a direct result of lawlessness on
the part of automobile corporations.
"I hadn't ought to be telling this
on General Motors now since we have
an agreement with them," he said.
"But these people hollering about
law obedience make me tired. We
couldn't begin to approach the law-
lessness practiced by these corpora-
tions in their attempt to break the
workers' unions.
"The sit-down strike was spontan-
eous. It came after the corporations
had set the example for lawlessness."
Martin declared the workers had
merely stayed inside the plants to
avoid certain death if they had gone
outside.
"The corporations themselves gave
birth to the sit-down strike-it's their
baby," he continued "even though
they now claim it's an illegitimate
child.
"The sit-down is effective. When
the corporations find a way to com-
bat this method and beat down the
workers in their own factories, we'll
figure out something else," he de-
clared. "The corporations are going
to deal collectively with the workers,
and if they do it honestly they won't
have to contend with sit-down strik-
ers."

Tie-Up In Coal,
Strike Parley
Brinos Recess'
Only 30 Days Bituminous
Supply Is Left Above
Ground For Industry
Mine Workers Ask
50 Cent Increase
NEW YORK, April 1.-(P)-Still
deadlocked, the committee of miners
and operators negotiating a new wage
and hour agreement for the soft coal
industry recessed tonight until to-
morrow afternoon.
President Roosevelt's intervention
unless an agreement was reached
soon was predicted in usually well-
informed quarters.
United Mine Workers officials said
400,000 miners would stay away from
work tomorrow and would not go
back until the new agreement was
signed.
The operators estimated about 30
days coal supply was above ground.
Two Hour Meeting
After a two hour meeting of the
negotiating committee of eight min-
ers and eight operators tonight, John
L. Lewis, union president, gave the
following explanation for the recess:
"The operators asked more time.
They evidently want to think it over."
Asked whether there would be a
strike tomorrow, Lewis said: "There
won't be any work."
The strike theoretically started last
midnight when the working agree-
ment between miners and operators
expired. Actually, it will start to-
morrow morning unless the miners
are notified beforehand a new- agree-
ment has been signed. Today was
John L. Lewis Day, a miners' holiday
celebrating the eight-hour day.
Edward F. McGrady, assistant sec-
retary of labor, said he would "offer
the Federal government's services" if
today's negotiations proved fruitless.
He refused to say, however, whether
he would propose extension of the
old contract while negotiations pro-
ceeded.
Workers' Demands
The United Mine Workers' demand
for an increase of 50 cents in the
old basic daily pay rate of $5.50, an
increase of nine cents in the com-
bined cutting and loading rate for
miners paid by the ton, and time and
one half for overtime is the only re-
maining issue.
The Union has withdrawn demands
for a 30-hour work week, two weeks
vacation with pay and a guarantee of
200 days work each year.
Operators were reported in in-
formed quarters to be willing to
grant the 50 cent increase in the day
rate. They were said, however, to be
unanimously opposed to time and
one-half for overtime.
House Crushes
Probe Of State
Hihway Dept'

College Women flail
A ffiliation Quest ion
As Biggest Problem
LOS ANGELES, April l.-/P)-The
most important problem in the life of
a modern college girl is not men or
money-but whether to join a sor-
ority-in the opinion of several prom-
inent eastern delegates to the Inter-
collegiate Association of Women
Students' conference here.
The girls, all sorority members, as-
seraed a Greek letter pin no longer is1
a requisite for a successful career as a
coed.
"Until recently, the so-called in-
dependent' girl was virtually lost on
most college campuses," said Kath-
erine Skehan, of Richmond, Va., a
Cornell delegate. "Usually, she wasI
not popular socially and had Vmost'
no chance to hold any student of-
fices. But that's changing rapidly
now."

"As a matter of fact," agreed Lois strikers to leave Yellow Truck and
Baird of Denison University, "if a Coach, and Fisher Body plants at.
girl is ambitious to hold offices, it is Pontiac, Mich.
sometimes easier if she is an inde- Governor Frank Murphy's confer-
pendent. ence seeking end to Chrysler strike
"All sororities' like to have their affecting 80,000 workers, to resume
members in these offices. Hence, Friday; presence of Walter P. Chry-
there is sometimes bitter competition ! sler and John L. Lewis uncertain.
in the elections." Sit-down strikes continue at Hud-
At Michigan State College, said son Motor Car Co., Detroit, affecting
Jane Shaw of Detroit, sororities are 10,000, and Reo Motor Car Co., Lan-
declining in importance for the same sing, with 2,200 idle.

GM Walkout Boosts
Total Idle In Motor
Strikes To 120,000,

Labor At A Glance

O.

New sit-down strikes affect 19,000
workers in General Motors divisions,
bringing total automotive idle to
nearly 121,000.
Conference between William S.
Knudsen, General Motors vice-pres-
ident, and Homer Martin, United Au-
tomobile Workers president, sched-
uled for Friday.
Union .officials seek to persuade

(i
i

reason.
Charlotte D. Rueger, '37 and Mary-
anna Chockley, '37, are representing
the University at the conference.

Negotiations to avert threatened
strike at Oshawa, Ont., plant of Gen-
era Motors of Canada to open Fri-
day at Toronto.

Ford Company 200 Strikers
Starts Building Peacefully Quit
Own Tire Plant Book - Cadillac

Brick And Steel Structure
At River Rouge To Cost
Over Three Millions
DETROIT, April 1.-(A')-Excava-
tion work for the Ford Motor Com-
pany's first tire and rubber manu-
facturing plant, a $3,500,000 brick
and steel structure, has begun at
River Rouge, it was reported re-
liably today.
The building, designed to cover
450,000 square feet of floor space,
probably will be completed within
five months and company officials
expect to start full production be-
Ifore the end of the year, informed
sources said.
The new step in the Ford Com- -
pany's plan to meet some of its own
tire requirements was made known
following the disclosure Wednesday
at Akron, O., that Ford had awarded
a contract to the National Rubber
MViachinery Co.
The contract for more than $1,-
)00,000 worth of tire vulcanizers and
moulding equipment was described
as the largest single order for tire
manufacturing machinery ever
placed.
The building contract, which will
run between $1,000,000 and $1,500,-
000, calls for 5,000 tons of steel. In-
formed sources said the cost of allI
equipment in the factory would be
close to $2,000,000.
The Ford Company, which has a
policy of making part of everything
it uses, also has indicated concern
over the possibility of labor disputes
that would tie up the supply of tires.
The tire factory plan also gave#
rise to rumors that the company
might be expecting the first ship-
ments of crude rubber from some of
the Ford rubber plantations in South
America.
Present plans indicate the com-
pany will manufacture about half of
its tire requirements.
HAS TRIPLETS AGAIN
ADRIA, Italy, April 1.-(P)-Elvira
Viovan Ardi, who gave birth to trip-'
lets last year, bore three more chil-
rdren today. The 28-year-old woman
is the wife of a fascist soldier now
in Africa.,

Police Threat Of Eviction
Ends Sit-Down Feature
In Two and Half Hours
DETROIT, April 41.-(,P) - Two
hundred striking employes of the
towering Book Cadillac Hotel left
voluntarily tonight, after police
threatened to come in and throw
them out.
The sit-down feature of the strike
lasted for two and one-half hours.
The strikers, clustered in the Casino
dining room, had just voted unani-
mously to occupy the hotel until the
management agreed to their de-
mands when Police Superintendent
Fred Frahm delivered his ultimatum.
"The order is that you cannot oc-
-upy other people's property," he
said. "That is over. You can strike.
in the ordinary way, but you must
get out. If you don't there are 200
policemen outside who can come in
and throw you out."
Then the strikers voted unani-
m'ously to leave. They said they
would picket the hotel.
Several hundred policemen pa-
trolled Detroit's four largest down-
town hotels for the second time in
three weeks a's the dispute flared
anew in the 27-story Book Cadillac.
'Millions Of Dollars
Cut From Securities
NEW YORK, April 1.-(P)-Many
millions of dollars were lopped off
quoted values of United States govt
ernment obligations today in an ac-
celerated decline which followed Sec-
retary Morgenthau's assurance Fed-
eral agencies had sufficient funds to
make an "orderly" market.
The .decline was checked in late
trading by formidable buying sup-
port ,attributed by Wall Street chief-
ly to official sources, after losses
ranging up to about $12.50 per $1,-
000 face value bond had been record-
ed.
The drop was the widest of the de-
cline from the peaks of the big bull,
market in gilt-edged bonds touched
toward the close of 1936 and one of
the most severe in recent years.

G.M. Head, Union Chief
Will Confer In Parley
Arranged For Today
Former Agreement
Is Cause Of Dispute
DETROIT, April 1.-(P)-A walk-
out of union employes suspended op-
erations in all units of the Chevrolet
Motor Company at Flint, tonight,
adding nearly 12,000 more to the
number of automobile workers al-
ready idle in Michigan.
Only a few hours before the big
Chevrolet division at Flint was closed,
arrangements had been made for a
conference tomorrow between Gen-
eral Motors' operating head and the
president of the United Automobile
Workers of America.
Evacuation of General Motors au-
tomotive plants closed by new sit-
down strikes started tonight after an
agreement for negotiations Friday
between high officials of the corpor-
ation and the strikers' Union.
120,000 Now Idle
The final assembly line and parts
and service divisions of the Chevro-
let Motor Company's plant at Flint,.
were the first to. be vacated. The
strikes raised the motor car industry's
total idle to nearly 120,000, highest
since the nationwide General Motors
strikes of January and February.
Assembly line workers will return
to work tomorrow; operations in the
parts and service division were to be
resumed tonight.
Within a few hours after strikes in
three General Motors divisions threw
17,300 employes out of work at Pon-
tiac and Flint, two officers of the
United Automobile Workers of Amer-
ica, after conferring with corpora-
tion representatives, headed for those
cities to try to persuade the men to
return to their jobs.
They had arranged for aconfer-
ence tomorrow between William S.
Knudsen, General Motors executive
vice-president, and Homer Martin,
president of the Union.
Meeting Tomorrow
Also scheduled for tomorrow is the
renewal of conferences in Gov. Frank
Murphy's office at Lansing seeking an
end to strikes in Chrysler Corpora-
tion automobile plants here which
have thrown more than 80,000 wage-
earners out of work. There was un-
certainty, however, whether Walter
P. Chrysler, corporation chairman, or
John L. Lewis, head of the Commit-
tee for Industrial organization, would
be present at the 11 a.m. hour set
for a meeting. Both have beer, in
New York attending to other business,
since the negotiations adjourned
early this week.
The new General Motors strikes, Ed
Hall, union vice-president ,said, cen-
tered about the shop committee pro-
visions of the agreement signed
March 12 which ended the long labor
dispute that at one time caused 135,-
000 workers to be idle.
Hall said the strikes were "a pro-
test of the men against the plant
managers" refusal to recognize and
deal with their committees
juniors To Plead

Harsh Words Are
At SIpporters
Service Law

DirectedI
Of Civil

Court
To

Plan Symposium
Hear Aigler, Fuller

Prof. Ralph W. Aigler of the Law
School and Richard C. Fuller of theI
sociology department will conduct
a symposium on the President's
Court Plan, Sunday, under the au-1
pices of the Union Forum Commit-
tee, H. Murray Campbell, '38, its di-I
rector, announced yesterday. It will
be held at 4:30 p.m. in the main
ballroom of the Union.

'Cannons Before Butter' Slogan1
Retained In Germany, Ellis Says

LANSING, April 1. - (P) - The
Democratic House majority smoth-
ered today a Republican-sponsored
resolution demanding an investiga-
tion of State Highway department
contributions to legislators' campaign
funds.
The House was in an uproar in the
wordy battle, during which harsh
words were direcieG at some support-
ers of a proposed civil service law for
state government. .
The demand for an investigation
came from Reps. Maurice E. Post,'
(Rep., Rockford), and James W.
Helme, (Rep., Adrian), after William
P. Lovett, head of the state merit
system association, had charged in
newspaper interviews that highway
department campaign contributions
were connected in some way with
House opposition to the civil service
bill.
Rep. Chester B. Fitzgerald, (Dem.,
Detroit), chairman of the state af-
fairs committee in which the civil
service bill has lain bogged for weeks,
fired the opening barrage at Lovett
with a speech and a resolution sub-
mitted from the floor. '
He charged Lovett headed a lobby
which "openly and untruthfully, and
viciously" has spread propaganda

Law Club's

Purchase Of Canned Goods
Needs Care, Economist Says

After five weeks of preparation,
eight juniors in the four case clubs
at Law School will argue in two
trials to be held this afternoon, with
the four outstanding speakers to be
chosen for the finals to be held on
Friday, April 23.
In one of the two semi-final trials,
Lorenzo T. Carlisle, Jr., and Richard
E. Cross will oppose Charles L. Moore
and Milton A. Kramer. The case will
be argued before Professors Ralph
W. Aigler, Burke Shartel, and Paul
G. Kauper, of the law faculty, in
Room 120, Hutchins Hall.
'Nebulous' Blind Dates
Give Variety To April 1
The prevalent belief that Michigan
freshmen have no awe for the sanc-
tity of upperclassmen was substan-
tiated last night when Howard Begin,
'37, and Jack Zelder, '38, had an
otherwise dull April Fool's Day liv-
ened up for them.

Cases

By SAUL R. KLEIMAN
"Cannons before butter" is still
the German national slogan, but the
cannons are now being made for
foreign consumption, Prof. Howard
Ellis of the economics department
said in an interview yesterday.
He explained that Germany is
temporarily easing her own rearm-
ament program in order to consoli-
date her economic position. But, he
pointed out, this does not mean that
armament production in the Third

England, and Berhard Koehler, head
of the Nazi "Commission on Eco-
nomic Policy," proclaimed a new
drive to expand German exports,
especially for payment in cash. The
result has been a 50 per cent reduc-
tion in the import allowance for
German rearmament and the "Er-
satz" program with a proportionate
increase in the amount of raw ma-
terials for the exporting industries.
Previously, under the system
whereby the government completely

EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the third
in a series oftarticles dealing with
the position of the consumer.
By TUURE TENANDER
The consumer should be very care-
ful when entering the food market.
especially when intent upon purchas-
ing canned goods, Robert R. Horner
of the economics department said
yesterday.
"Canned goods in this country are
not specifically labeled as to grade,"
Mr. Horner said. "The main ob-
jection that is raised by manufac-
fiii-re n A nh r nrrl n.rc~

of a can or in advertising are as
poor a guide to intelligent purchasing
as price'. The A & P peas sold in the
South and labeled "Fancy" were so
Lough and lacking in flavor and uni-
formity that they were listed among
the poorest of those tested," Con-
sumers Union stated in its report
for October of last year.
"Compulsory government grading
of all canned products, which would
require the information . . . to be
placed right on the label of every can
sold, is the only means by which

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