T HE MICHIGAN DAILY
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
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MrANAGING EDITOR ...............ELSIE A. PIERCE
ASSOCIATE EDITOR......MARSHALL D. SHULMAN
George Andros Jewel Wuerfel Rchard Hershey
Ralph W. Hurd Robe6' Cummins
Publication Department: Elsie A. Pierce, Chairman;
James Boozer, Arnold S. Daniels, Joseph Mattes, Ture
Tenander, Robert Weeks.
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Ralph Hurd, William E. Shackleton, Irving S. Silver-
man, William Spaller, Richard G. Hershey.,
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NIGHT EDITOR: WILLIAM SHACKELTON
A RMING THEM with tear gas, nau-
seating gas, and "equipment," the
local sheriff, Jacob B. Andres, is forming a
special force of "Veterans' Military Police" to
forestall any "violence, sit-down strike or mob
rule," he announces in the papers.
He will recruit members from the American
Legion and the Veterans of Foreign Wars. By
creating a series of mobilization centers, the
Sheriff will be able to call them together for
action instantly, at any time of day or night.
We say that this action has in it some of
the elements of fascism.
The police have a legitimate function in labor
disputes. In Detroit they are engaged in ferret-
ing out the gangster element in labor unions.
These racketeers have tapewormed themselves
into unions and are now serving to discredit the
principle of legitimate trade-union activity, and
the police, if they step there, are rendering unions
an invaluable service. In New York Special Pros-
ecutor Thomas E. Dewey over a long period has
been painstakingly at work purging the unions of
former bootleggers now making unions a paying
racket. No one recognizes the existence of these
elements in unions more than those who see
the necessary part which legitimate trade unions
are to play in our national economy.
But we do not believe that police, vigilante
and military force should be employed in in-
timidating workers against striking, nor' in ar-
bitrating sit-down strikes by violent ejection
of the strikers.
However noble may be the intentions of Sher-
iff Andres, the effect of his widely-publicized
mobilization of veterans will frighten workers
to the point where they will be content to accept
unjust conditions rather than risk the clubs and
gas of Andres' Vigilantes. He is in fact mobiliz-
ing veterans (they were suckers once before)
to the defense of private property and the
rights of owners to their six per cent.
Several days ago we spoke in these columns
of the reaction among the middleclass to the
rising prices, and the danger of fascist organiza-
tions expressing this dissatisfaction against the
working class, instead of our meeting the prob-
lem with legislation for the regulation of min-
imum wages, maximum hours and prices and the
arbitration of labor disputes. Sheriff Andres'
Vigilante Crew is a manifestation of this reac-
tion. It is in such a form that fascism will
come, if it ever should, to America. It will not,
perhaps carry the shirt motif, but it will have
at its base such organizations as the Black Le-
gion, the Liberty League, the National Union
for Social Justice and Andres' Vigilantes.
By TUURE TENANDER
0NE OF THE FINEST PIANQ DUOS to be
heard on the air, Ethel Bartlett and Rae
Robertson, really Mr. and Mrs. Robertson, will be
featured on the Ford Sunday Evening Hour to-
night. The orchestra will be under the direction
of Fritz Reiner and the program will include the
prelude to "Die Meistersinger," Wagner; "Ron-
do," Chopin; "The Beautiful Blue Danube,"
Strauss, Schulz and Evler; and the "Treasure
Waltz," from "The Gypsy Baron," Strauss. The
Robertsons are from England. This is their
ninth American tour. ,
Bette Davis will present a preview of her
new motion picture "Marked Woman" at 9 p.m.
Friday over the Columbia Broadcasting System.
John Boles, the movie star who is constantly
raising a mustache so that he can trim it off
again, will be heard on Jack Oakie's College
Tuesday. Frank Fay will match wits with Oakie
during the same broadcast.
* * *
The commercials on Ted Weems' Sunday noon-
time program are some of the worst that have yet
been sent over the air. Some person with an
accent that is obviously rehearsed all week pur-
ports to be from Vienna and dispenses in gut-
tural tones some facts as to why it is necessary
to have the particles in your facial treatment
all the same size. These plugs, in addition to the
fact that Ted Weems is, after all, only Ted
Weems, makes the program hardly worth lis-
Trombonist Plays Barrelhouse
THERE IS BAND BROADCASTING from the
Meadowbrook in New Jersey over CBS sev-
eral times a week that plays in a style that is
catching on. Les Brown is the maestro fronting
the band and he has come up from an engage-
ment in Louisville's Casa Madrid. He has a
good drummer who gives the organization a great
deal of lift. His trombonist plays effortlessly
and has developed an easygoing barrel-house
manner that ranks with the styles of better
known men. The clarinet man plays easily, at
times too limpidly, and the tenor man has a
good tone but lacks versatility, The hot trumpet
might achieve some fine results if he could
resist his temptation to climb sky-high. All in
all, however, Brown has a fine organization and
should improve with age.
Sir Herbert Samuel, leatler of the old guard
Liberal Party in England and chairman of the
Council for German Jewry, will be one of the
speakers on the international broadcast at 6
p.m. Saturday on the occasion of Passover. Rabbi
Stephen S. Wise will give his greetings to the
Jews of America from New York City and Sir
Herbert will speak ,from London.
* * * *
Marian Anderson, Negro contralto, will be
the soloist on tonight's General Motors Concert.
This will be Miss Anderson's first American ap-
pearance of the season: She will sing "Ave
Maria," and "Death and the Maiden," Schubert;
"O mio Fernando" from "La Favorita," Doni-
zetti; and two Negro spirituals. The orchestra
will include in its share of the program "Fin-
landia," Sibelius; "Artist's Life," Strauss; and
Symphony No. 2 in D Major, opus 73, Brahms.
, , , *
LABOR CONTINUED to top the news of the
week. Maintaining his Flint policy of 'rea-
son and justice,' Governor Murphy issued a state-
ment Wednesday appealing for peaceful solution
of the Chrysler sit-down strike. Newspapers
throughout the land rantheadlines over the story
containing Murphy's statement, interpreting his
words as stern warnings to workers who were
'flouting law and order.'
Particular emphasis was put on the need fbr
legislation modeled after the NRA for the miti-
gation of serious capital-labor controversies. He
went on to say that "many of our troubles and
disorders are due to injustices and unhealthy
conditions that are inherent in an unregulated
competitive system. We may say also that the
refusal of backward employers to recognize prop-
erly the right to collective bargaining has con-
tributed in good measure to the present unfor-
Judge Allan Campbell granted an injunction
to the Chrysler Corporation providing for the
evacuation of the company's plants. Failure
to obey the order carried a fine of $10,000,000
against all the possessions of all of more than
100 named defendants. Workers remained
staunch in their refusal to leave the $50,000,000
Chrysler works unless they are recognized as
sole bargaining agents. Both sides continued
to sit tight while conciliators attempted to bring
about peaceful solutions despite sheriff's organ-
ization of armed forces.
* *~ * *
A SECOND MORAL VICTORY for labor came
in the form of National Labor Relations
Board action against Remington Rand, Inc.
Earlier in the week the Board had ordered
the company to reinstate 4,000 workers thrown
out of work last May when their strike was
broken. The company maintained that it had
not violated the Wagner Labor Relations Act
as charged and refused to comply. Not to be
embarrassed by lack of force to carry out its
order the Board initiated court action. The
company quickly signed an agreement with the
More Court Proposals
A comparatively quiet week passed for the Su-
preme Court battle thatis being waged through-
out the nation as more suggestions for coping
with the court problem came up out of the pro-
This week's suggestion number one-Senator
Pittman urges modification of the President's
proposal to increase the membership of the Court
from nine to fifteen justices. In addition he ad-
vocates a constitutional amendment to fix the
membership at that number "to reassure hesi-
tant liberals who fear the precedent which might
This week's suggestion number two--spry old
Senator Norris advanced a plan for a Congres-
sional act requiring a two-thirds vote by the
Supreme Court to invalidate acts of Congress
plus an amendment fixing tenure at nine years
for all federal justices.
TRAGEDY visited the Texas oil fields Thurs-
day when a New London school explosion
destroyed the lives of between 500 and 700 chil-
dren and teachers. The removal of mangled
bodies from the debris combined with mothers'
hysteria added to the traged, as martial law
was clamped down on the city by Governor Allred
and an investigation uegun.
The French Popular Front government, stand-
ing on a three-legged base, remained firm this
week while new fascist-communist fighting broke
out in the streets of working class Clichy. A fas-
cist motion picture was presented at a theatre
in the heart of communist territory (the work-
ing class suburbs of the city are known as "the
Red Ring around Paris"). Workers in the area
protested to the police to prohibit the gathering,
had their protest brushed aside, became enraged
at the fascists and were provoked into bloody
A half day strike by Parisian workers followed
to protest the Social Party, a new cloak for the
old fascist Croix de Feu, aspirants to dictatorship
in France. The arrest of de La Rocque was de-
Schneider-Creusot, one of the world's largest
producers of war materials passed into the hands
of the French government Sunday, conforming
to the promise on which Blum was elected to his
MADRID'S LOYALIST FORCES beat back a
concerted drive of Italian and German
troops with the aid of 492 bombs dropped and
200,000 machine gun bullets fired. Forty-five
miles from Madrid, in the Guadalajara moun-
tains, the government forces checked the drive
and immediately assumed the offensive to stem
In London machinery was set in motion to
investigate reports that Italy had permitted "vol-
unteers" to enter Spain, violating the non-inter-
-Costumes, 'Henry VI'-
By JAMES DOLL
N VIEW of the production of
Shakespeare's Henry VIII which
Play Production now has in rehearsal,
it seems an appropriate time to the-
orize about stage costuming in gen-
eral and its application to the current
job of designing and building about
80 sets of costumes.
The purpose of stage costuming is
often misunderstood. Too much at-
tention is given to display and purely
pictorialsvalues, too little to theureal
function of the design: to aid in the
iinterpretation of the play. The cos-
tumes should never be a medium for
the designer's ingenuity or virtuosity
but should, without calling attention
to themselves, be subservient to the
director's conception of the play. In
a sense costumes are almost more im-
portant than scenery as they are al-
most as much a medium for the ac-
tor's expression as his body.
In Henry VIII the first problem is
to decide which period will be used-
that of the action, 1520-33, or of the
writing and first. performance, 1613.
That it was originally played in con-
temporary costume may possibly be
inferred from the anachronistic men-
tion of3"short" blist'red breeches"
But this seems hardly advisable
for a modern audience. The Hol-
bein portraits of Henry and his court
are so well known that these char-
acters would not look right dressed
in Jacobean costume. It might seem
affected and call attention to itself.
So this production will use the cos-
tume of the early 16th century.
Yet for the dancers in Katherine's
vision, the prologue, and the "mas-
quers habited like shepherds" in the
ballroom scene, costumes based on
Inigo Jones designs for court mas-
ques of the period of the play seem
to be called for.
-Much Research Needed-
The primary source for costume re-
search for the period is Holbein's,
wood-cuts, paintings, and drawings.
It is necessary to have this and the
other available material well in mind
so that the designs can be freely and
easily worked out. As the project
goes on many details must be
There are, in the play, the historic-
al ceremonies of the coronation of
Anne Boleyn, the trial of Katherine,
and the christening of the infant
Elizabeth. It is sometimes possible
to find in Hall's Chronicle's exactly
what the principals wore at those
events. Moreover descriptions are
supplied at unusual length in the
Neverthelessit may not be advis-
able even if it were possible, to be
entirely authentic. First, because
this may not convey the desired im-
pression to a present-day audience.
Second, strict accuracy cannot be
maintained because Shakespeare and
his collaborator departed from it.
The actual christening of Elizabeth,
for example, was very different from
the way it is depicted in the play.
It all resolves into knowing the
play, understanding it thoroughly,
not only by itself, but, as far as pos-
sible, in relation to the literature and
art of the period.
-Costume Reflects Age-
While a play should not look like
an animated costume-book, it is often
true that the more one holds to au-
thenticity the better it is for the play.
The relation between the dress and
the life, art, and social conditions of
a period has. scarcely been investigat-
In certain periods, the 18th cen-
tury for example, this relation can
be quite easily demonstrated. And
the differences between the costume
in the first and last years of the 16th
century seem to parallel th differ-
ences not only in the other decorative
arts, but in the literatures as well.
A detail like lace, is an example. It
was not worn at all in Henry's time,
profusely used in Elizabeth's. With-
out carrying the point too far it
seems definitive of the two ages.
This much carries one only to the
beginning of the actual design. It
must be conceived as a unit with
careful relation between its parts.
There must be emphasis, climax, and
consideration of character relation-
ships. Almost all the characters in
the play are nobles and from the
point of strict logic all but the royal-
ty would be equallyaelaborate.
Norfolk, in almost the opening lines
of the play in describing the meet-
ing on the Field of the Cloth of Gold,
"Today the French,
All cliquent, all in gold, like
Shown down the British, and
Made Britain India: every man
Show'd like a mine."
If this were attempted it would be
destracting rather than effective. The
most important characters must be
emphasized in color and design. The
color relation is especially valuable
in establishing the relationship of
characters to each other and to the
whole. Although color is very im-
portant psychologically, experiments
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to al members of the
University. Copy received at the office of the Assistant to the President
until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.
SUNDAY, MARCH 21, 1937
VOL. XLVII No. 123
Students in the College of Litera-
ture, Science and the Arts: A meet-
ing will be held on Tuesday, March
23, at 4:15 p.m. in Room 1025 An-
gell Hall for students in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts
and others interested in future work
in music. The meeting will be ad-
dressed by Prof. E. V. Moore of the
School of Music. The next meeting
in the vocational series designed to
give informaton concerning the na-
ture of and preparation for the va-
rious professions will be held in the
office of Dean A. H. Lovell, 259 W.
Automobile Regulation: Those stu-
dents possessing driving permits is-
sued during the first semester and
who have failed to renew them are
hereby requested to do so immed-
iately. This request applies to those
who will use their 1936 State license
plates until August 1, as well as to
those who have purchased 1937 li-
censes. All old permits are void as of
March 15, and their continued use
will constitute grounds for disciplin-
ary action. Applications for renew-
als must be made at Room 2, Univer-
sity Hall, and new sets of permit
tags will be issued at no additional
Dean of Students.
Summer Work: Additional regis-
tration will be held Tuesday evening,
March 23, at 7 p.m. in Room 205 Ma-
son Hall, for all students interested
in summer educational and recrea-
tional camp positions. This will be
the last registration period for this
year, and is intended for those stu-
dents who were unable to be present
T. Luther Purdom, University
Bureau of Appointments.
Mathematics: The second group of
lectures in the advanced Short
Courses in mathematics, entitled
"Orthogonal Functions," by Professor
Hildebrandt, will begin on Monday,
March 22, and run through the next
five weeks. The class will meet at 3
p.m, in Room 3201 Angell Hall, and
future hours will be arranged at that
English 32, Mr. Litzenberg's sec-
tions: Assignment for Monday, King
Carillon Program: Wilmot F. Pratt,
University Carillonneur, will give a
recital on the Charles Baird Caril-
lon in the Burton Memorial Tower,
today at 4:15 p.m.
Faculty Concert Omitted: The fac-
ulty concert scheduled for today at
4:15 p.m. will be omitted. Instead,
Mr. Wilmot F. Pratt will give a
carillon recital at the same hour.
Nelson Eddy Concert Postponed:
On account of re-occurrence of laryn-
gitis, Mr. Eddy has been compelled to
postpone his March concerts, includ-
ing that announced for Ann Arbor.
The new date will be made public
as soon as arrangements are made.
University Lecture: Prof. C. U. Ar-
iens Kappers, Director of the Central
Institute of Brain Research, Am-
sterdam, and Professor of Compara-
tive Neurology in the University of
Amsterdam, will lecture on "Vegeta-
tive Centers in the B1rAin" on Mon-
day, March 9, at 4:15 p.m., in Na-
tural Science Auditorium. The lec-
ture will be illustrated with lantern
slides. The public is cordially invited.
Chemistry Lecture: Dr. R. C. Wil-
liams, of The Ironsides Company,
Columbus, Ohio, will lecture on the
topic "The Physical Properties of
Lubricant Films" at 4:15 p.m. on
Tuesday, March 23 in Room 303
Chemistry Bldg. The lecture is un-
der the auspices of the University
and the American Chemical Society.
It is open to the public.
French Lecture: Prof. C. P. Merlino
will give the last lecture on the Cercle
Francais program: "Du Francais a
l'Anglais: une petite promenade lin-
guistique." Wednesday, March 24, at
4:15 p.m., Room 103, Romance Lan-
Prof. Edgar S. Brightman, Ph.D.
of Boston University will present four
lectures. The first will be at 4:15
p.m. Monday, March 22, in the Na-
tural Science Auditorium on "Con-
cerning Our Knowledge of the Fu-
ture." The second at 4:15 p.m. Tues-
day, March 23, at the Natural Science
Auditorium on "Concerning the Bible
and Church." The third iat 8 p.m.
Tuesdav_ March 23 at the First Meth-
Institute of Fine Arts, at the Archi-
tectural Bldg. Open daily from 9 a.m.
to 5 p. m. except Sunday through the
months of February and March. The
public is cordially invited.
University Girls Glee Club: There
will be an important rehearsal today
at 2:15 p.m. There is a possibility
that we won't be able to use the girls
in the program Wednesday who
aren't present at the practice.
Varsity Glee Club: Members mak-
ing the Saginaw trip meet at 2 p.m.
in the Glee Club Rooms. Bus leaves
at 2:30 p.m. Bring your words.
A Passion Play "Barter," a por-
trayal of the character of Judas and
the scenes of Good Friday, will be
given by a cast from St. Joseph's
College today at 2 p.m. at the Ann
Arbor High School Auditorium. Free
to the public.
Luncheon for Graduate Students
on Wednesday, March 24, at 12
o'clock in the Russian Tea Room of
the Michigan League Building. Pro-
fessor Preston W. Slosson of the His-
tory Department will speak informal-
ly on "The Political Situation in
The Deutscher Verein will meet
Tuesday, March 23, at 8 p.m.at the
Michigan League. The committee
has planned a "gemuetlicher Abend."
Members of the organisation are
urged to be present and to bring a
friend. The meeting is open to all
who are interested.
German Table for Faculty Mem-
bers: The regular luncheon meeting
will be held on Monday, March 22, at
12:10 p.m. in the Founders' Room of
the Michigan Union. All faculty
members interested in speaking Ger-
man are cordially invited. There
will be an informal 10-minute talk
by Prof. M. Aga-Oglu.
Adelphi meets Tuesday evening,
March 23. The Freshman Debate
topic will be discussed. It is: "Re-
solved, that the use of the sit-down
strike is a justifiable instrument of
labor." The discussion is open to all
who wish to take part.
Polonia Circle: There will be a
get-together party on Tuesday even-
ing at 7:30 p.m. at Lane Hall. Games
and dancing. All Polish students are
Sigma Rho Tau: Prof. C. W. Good,
Asst. Director of the Engineering Re-
search Department, will speak at the
meeting this Tuesday at the Union
at 7:30 p.m.
Bartered Bride: There will be try-
outs for all parts in this operetta
Tuesday at 2 p.m. at the Laboratory
Theatre. Everyone interested please
be sure to be present at this time if
Tryouts for UJniversity Oratorical
Contest: preliminaries for the
University Oratorical Contest will be
held Monday, March 22, at 4 p.m.
in Room 4203 A.H. Contestants are
asked to speak for five minutes from
Acolytes: Meeting Monday, March
22, at 7:30 p.m. in Room 202 SW. Dr.
Edgar Brightman will speak.
Michigan Dames: The Book Group
will hold a pitch-in supper Wednes-
day, March 24 at 6:30 p.m. in the
Russian tea room at the League. All
members are cordially invited.
The 1-qme -Making Group of the
Michigan Dames will meet Monday
night at 8:15 p.m. at the home of
Mrs. L. C. Barden, 735 Packard St
There will be cars leaving from the
League 'at 8 p.m. Mrs. Budge from
the cooking school of the Washtenaw
Gas Company will talk. All Michi-
gan Dames are )nvited to attend.
Faculty Women's Club: The Tues-
day Afternoon Play-Reading Section
will meet on Tuesday afternoon,
March 23 at 2:15 p.m. in the Alumnae
Room of the Michigan League.
Faculty Women's Club: The An-
nual Tea of the Faculty Women's
Club will be held at the home of
Mrs. Alexander G. Ruthven, Wed-
nesday, March 24 from 3:30 to 5:30
The Monday Evening Drama Sec-
tion of the Faculty Women's Club
will meet March 22 at 7:30 p.m.
at the Michigan Union.
Church of Christ (Disciples), Sun-
day, March 21:
10:45 a.m., Morning worship, Rev.
Fred Cowin, minister.
12 noon, Students' Bible Class. H.
L. Pickerill. leader.
Next week the General Motors broadcast
be shifted from 10 p.m. to 8 p.m. Sunday.
program will be carried by NBC but on a
ferent network so that the Detroit outlet
be WXYZ rather than WWJ.
Mutual has again gained the jump on the other
networks as far as horse racing is concerned,
having secured the exclusive rights to broadcast
the important races from the five New York
State Racing Association tracks. The first event
of importance in the New York Spring running
will be the opening of Jamaica Park on April
15. Bryan Field, ace microphone man, will do
the honors on this and future occasions.
'Hot Lips' Vs. Race Horse
SPEAKING OF HORSES, a nag named Busse
Trumpet won his first two races at fairly
good odds. Busse continues from the Chez Paree
in Chicago and if he would only lose his trumpet,
his broadcasts would be really enjoyable. Henry's
style on the bugle is surpassed in rancid corn
only by the gentleman who played at the Union
the other night. But Busse has a band.
There will be many special programs in ob-
servance of Holy Week starting today and con-
tinuing through next Sunday. All the networks
will carry featured broadcasts originating from
various key stations throughout the country.
* ** * *
The Moreau Choir of Notre Dame University
will offer a program of Gregorian chants at noon
Saturday over CBS.
"The Seven Last Words of Christ," by Hayden,
will be carried by Columbia at midnight Thurs-
day. The program will feature a large mixed
chorus and the Columbia Symphony orchestra
conducted by Howard Barlow. Soloists on the
broadcast will include Margaret Daum, soprano;
Rheba Crawford, controlto; William Perry, tenor,
and Eugene Lowenthal, basso.
* * * *
Beginning today, Duke Ellington and his or-
chestra will be heard several times weekly over
the Mutual network from the Cotton ClubYin
New York. The Duke has replaced the caca-
phonous Cab Calloway's outfit of hi-de-hoers,
for which we are duly grateful.
the industrial and the legal points of view. Pro-
fessors John W. Riegel and Edgar N. Durfee