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February 18, 1937 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1937-02-18

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The Weather
Cloudy with rain or snow to-
day; tomorrow partly cloudy
with rising temperatures.

L

,t . [t cin

:4Iat

Editorials
The Retirement of
Professor Strauss .. .
Labor Developments.. .

VOL. XLVII No. 97 ANN, ARBOR, MICHIGAN, ThURSDAY, FEB. 18, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Hoffman Says
CiVic Pnners
Are To Blame
For Accidents
Discourteous Attitude Of
Motorists Is Condemned
By Studebaker Official
Need For Accident
Investigation Cited
By WILLIAM SHACKELTON
Responsibility for the reduction of
highway accidents was placed square-
ly upon the shoulders of civic plan-
ning and administrative officials by
Paul G. Hoffman, president of the
Studebaker Corp., in a talk last night
before the 23rd Michigan Highway
Conference in the Union.
When it has been demonstrated
that 98 per cent of all accident pos-
sibilities could be eliminated by pro-
per design of the roads, Mr. Hoffman
declared, it is the duty of officials to
build roads of this dsign. Division of
lanes, removal of ditches, side railings
and adequate lighting were men-
tioned by Mr. Hoffman as features of
properly designed highways.
Lack Courtesy
The present attitude of the major-
ity of motorists was condemned by'
Mr. Hoffman as lacking any sem-
blance of courtesy or concern in other
people's accidents. As a corrective
measure for this indifference and
onesided viewpoint he proposed or-j
ganized effort through such organ-
izations as the American Legion and
P.T.A. Such action, he said, has
already been started by the automo-
tive companies.
Exemplifying the popular tendency
to blame accidents on the "other fel-
low" is the belief'that reckless drivers
are the cause of most mishaps, Mr.
Hoffman pointed out. This, he as-
serted, is contradicted by the facts,
which show 90 per cent of the drivers
involved in 85 per cent of the acci-
dents.. .
Traffic engineering, likewise, is a
necessity to accident reduction, Mr.
Hoffman told the members of the
Conference. An accident investiga-
tion unit to uncover the true causes
was also declared imperative to any
practical program for reducing the
toll of dead and injured.
Mr. Hoffman's talk was given at a1
dinner for the Conference, held under
the chairmanship of assistant Dean
Alfred H. Lovell of the engineering
college. Karl aDetzer, originator of
stories about the Michigan state po-
lice, acted as toastmaster of the
gathering.
Van Wagoner Presides
The meeting yesterday morning
was presided over by Murray D. Van
Wagoner, state highway commis-
sioner.
Mr. Van Wagoner presented a,
paper on the "Financial Needs of The
State Highways," in which he dis-
cussed the sources of revenue of the
Michigan highway department, the
.building program for the coming-
years and the immediate financial]
needs. The speaker praised the Fed-
eral highway subsidies, but cautionedE
that these were only applicable to theE
U.S. routes. It is the problem of theE
state, he said, to find the funds for
the proper maintenance of the many
(Continted on Page 6
Nations Move
To Reenfor'c e

SpanishPatrol
PARIS, Feb. 17.-UP)-The navy
ministry invited reserves and retired1
naval officers tonight to serve as1
shipping inspectors for the interna-
tional "hands-off-Spain" committee
in its efforts to localize the Spanish'
civil war.
Some 500 members of the French3
mobile guard were moved to the
Spanish border to reinforce patrols1
instructed to keep foreign volunteersE
from crossing into Spain when the
international agreement takes effect"
at midnight Saturday.a
Already about 100,000 foreigners
are fighting in the Spanish struggle,
said an official report by French
medical inspector-general Robert
Lasnet. He recently returned from
Spain.
They include 50,000 Italians and
10,000 Germans on the insurgent side
and 35,000 foreigners of various na-
tionalities on the government side, he
said.
The navy ministry's announcement
said that, under the international'

Feeling Blue? Cheer Up
By Scanning Gargoyle
Abject dejection-in colors, will
feature the February issue of the
Gargoyle, which will go on sale to-
day.
Solace for those individuals (1)
who "didn't do so well" on their finals
and (2) who had a sort of hangover
from the J-Hop will abound in the
magazine.
The preposterous person, one who
has clashed before with the Gargoyle,
is a notorious campus figure.
And are you harassed by those an-
noying individuals who borrow your
notes and peek over your shoulders
during final examinations? If you
are, you will enjoy the paying off
these persons get in the "Garg."
Anti-War Films
Are Witnessed
By Large Crowd
'Dealers In Death,' Given
By Peace Council, To Be
Shown Again Tonight
First showing of the four-reel'
talkie, "Dealers in Death," was given
here yesterday afternoon to an audi-
ence that packed Natural Science
Auditorium. The Peace Council,
sponsoring the film, will present its
second and last showing at 7:30 p.m.
today.
With this first in a series of anti-
war programs, the PeaceaCouncil is
launching a campaign asking "15
minutes a month for peace" from stu-
dents, who are to write letters to
their congressmen'demanding a defi-
nite stand on neutrality.
"Dealers in Death," along with a
one-reel film, "Towards Unity," was
edited by Hershey Durnet, war cor-
respondent for the New York Times,
and at present a chief technician
for Warner Brothers studios. He
went through more than 300,000 feet
of reference film to assemble the
talkie exposing the tactics of Sir
Basil Zaharoff, international muni-
tions salesman, the American miuni-
tions moguls, and preparations for
the next war in poison gas and germs.
The film is put together from
scenes taken from million-dollar pro-
ductions during the past ten years.
It has been endorsed by Senator Ger-
ald P. Nye, (Rep., N.D.) chairman of
the Senate committee investigating
munitions firms in this country.
Military Rule
Loosens Clasp
On Anderson
Citizens Given Liberties
As Liquor Stores, Cafes
Are Re-Opened
ANDERSON, Ind., Feb. 17.-(')-
Military rule of labor-divided Ander-
son loosened its bayonet-enforced
clasp tonight, permitting citizens ad-
ditional liberties, but maintained a
close watch to forestall further strife
between union and non-union auto-
motive workers.
Pool halls, cafes and beer-selling
establishments were allowed to re-
sume regular business and liquor
stores were permitted to reopen, but
national guardsmen, rifles shouldered,
kept an eye on the places frequented
chiefly by men.
The martial government showed its
power today to prevent attorneys

from seeing 17 arrested unionists,
most of whom were taken into ous-
tody shortly after the shooting dis-
turbance Saturday that left 10 men
wounded and resulted in the troop
rule.
Milton Seigel, an attorney for the
United Automobile Workers of Amer-
ica, obtained a court order giving him
permission to confer with the prison-
ers, but Col. Albert H. Whitcomb,j
cormanding the military rule, in-'
structed Sheriff Harry E. Johnson to
ignore the order.
Seigel, refused admittance to the
jail, departed in a huff, saying he
"guessed" he would "have to study
some more law."
The military investigation of Sat-
urday's violence continued.
Workers Try Sit Down In
Detroit, Plymouth Plants
DETROIT, Feb. 17.-(P)--Sit-down
strikes were reported in three De-
roit indiustries and one at Plvmouth

UAWA Wants
National Unit
In M Dispute
Would Decide Arguments
That Can't Be Settled
By Plant Boards
Agreement Reached
I Briggs Sit-Down
DETROIT, Feb. 17.- (') --The
United Automobile Workers pointed
their negotiations with General Mo-
tors tonight towards establishment of
a national board to rule on disputes
which cannottbersettled by union
shop committees or plant managers.
In a series of conferences with cor-
poration officials, provided for in
the agreement that ended the par-
alyzing General Motors strikes last
week, the Union is pressing for ac-
ceptance of its demands left unset-
tled by that docuiment.
To Discuss Tribunal
Wyndham Mortimer, first vice-
president heading the Unionconfer-
ees, said the negotiators were con-
sidering machinery for handling of
local grievances and that when that
is out of the way they would move to-
ward discussing details of a national
tribunal.
He said the make-up and scope of
the board had not yet been discussed.
He carried with him into the con-
ference, and was understood to have
presented, a Union proposal for
establishment of some kind of tri-
bunal.
Mortimer declined to comment on
reports the Union proposed a five-
man board whose decisions would be
binding.
At present, General Motors ma-
chinery for handling of grievances
is consideration by plant foremen
and then on up to higher corporation
officials if necessary.
Meet Briggs Officials
U.A.W.A. representatives met with
officials of the Briggs manufactur-
ing company, automobile body mak-
ers, behind barricades which marked
the scene of a sit-down strike today
to settle complaints of assembly line
workers. The agreement ended a
night during which the union mem-
bers held part of the plant, and paved
the way for resumption of day opera-
tions.
Union officials who said 700 were
involved, explained that assembly di-
vision workers complained they were
discriminated against in a wage in-
crease announced by the company
Monday. Strike leaders said the
agreement reached gave them a wage
increase equal to the ethers granted,
and provided working condition con-
cessions.
In two refrigerator plants of the
Nash-Kelvinator Company, more
than 2,500 employes were back at
work with a promise of higher wages.
Condition Of Crash
Victims Is Critical.
David Rank, '38, and Miss Ethel
Dundon, a nurse at the St. Joseph's
Hospital, who were seriously injured
in an automobile accident at 1:45
a.m. Friday on U.S. Route 12, were
reported yesterday by doctors in the
St. Joseph's Hospital to be still in a
critical condition.
Rank and Miss Dundon were driv-
ing west on Ford Rd. and failed to
make the turn at U.S. Route 12. Their
car hit a stop sign and caught fire.
Rank, was rescued from the car by
M. J. Cole, a truck driver who hap-
pened to be passing, and Elmer Low-

den, a filling station operator. Miss
Dundon was taken from the car by
sheriff's officers who arrived on the
scene of the accident shortly after it
occurred.

Coal Industry
Rejects Lewis'
Wage Increase
Bituminous Coal Owners
Declare 30-Hour Week
'Utterly Impossible'
Men Hope Strike
Will Be Averted
NEW YORK, Feb. 17 -M/-The
soft coal industry replied "utterly
impossible" today to John L. Lewis'
demand for a 30-hour work week and
a 15 per cent pay raise for his 400,-
000 bituminous coal miners.
After thus bluntly rejecting the
United Mine Workers' proposals, the
coal operators demanded that the
present work week be increased from
35 to 40 hours and that hourly pay
rates be cut 15 per cent.
With this exchange, negotiations
toward a new wage and hour agree-
ment got under way. The present
contract expires at midnight, March
31.
Both Lewis and Charles P. O'Neil,
spokesman for the operators, ex-
pressed hope the new agreement
could be reached without a strike, but
Lewis warned the operators that the
miners would not work April 1 with-
out a contract.
Conference Opens
The miners and operators stated
their demands at the opening session
of the Appalachian joint wage con-!
ference. Technically, this conference
fixes wages and hours only for the
commercial mines in the vast Appal-
achian fields, reaching from central
Pennsylvania to Tennessee.
All other mine wages and hours,
however, are based on the Appala-
chian standard.
The increase the miners asked
would amount to 50 cents a day for
those men hired by the day, bring-
ing the basic daily wage from $5.50
to $6 in the North and from $5.10 to
$5.60 in the South.
The miners also asked for an in-
crease of 15 cents in the combined
cutting and loading rate-(two cents
to the cutter and 13 to the loader) ;
25 cents a ton increase for pick min-
ing and 20 per cent for yardage and
deadwork.
Council Of AFL
Favors Reform
For Judiciary
WASHINGTON, Feb. 17-{P)-The
executive council of the American
Federation of Labor gave official en-
dorsement tonight to President
Roosevelt's judiciary reorganization
proposal.
William Green, A.F. of L. president,
announced:
"It was the opinion of the execu-
tive council that the sincere and ear-
nest desire of labor for judicial re-
form and for the realization of so-
cial and economic advancement Could
be promoted better through the ac-
ceptance and application of the Pres-
ident's recomendation, rather than
through the slow, -tedious process of
a constitutional amendment.
"The council fully believes that la-
bor throughout the United States, as
represented by the American Federa-
tion of Labor, will rally to the sup-
port of the President in the recom-
mneedation which he made." g
Green said an intensive campaign

was planned throughout the United
States "to acquaint the members of
Congress with the desires of labor
and labor's friends for favorable ac-
tion upon the President's recommen-j
dation at the earliest possible date."

Reeves Scores Judiciary Plan
As Contrary To Constitution

President 'Trying To Stab
Supreme Court In Back,'
Political Scientist Holds
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the second
in a series of articles dealing with
President Roosevelt's proposal to en-1
large the Supreme Court. Another, an
interview with Prof. Edgar N. Durfee
of the Law School, will appear tomor-
row.
By FRED WARNER NEAL
President Roosevelt's plan to re-
vamp the Supreme Court was de-e
nounced yesterday by Prof. Jesse S.
Reeves of the political science de-
partment as "a possibly lawful meth-
od to accomplish an unawful end."
Professor Reeves accused the Pres-
ident of acting "to destroy the Con-
Freshmen Hear
Activity Heads
At Union Today
Meeting Planned As Aid
To Men In Choosing
Extracurricular Work
Leaders of all student extracur-
ricular activities will be in the Unioni
ballroom at 7:30 p.m. today to de-)
scribe their respective activity to
second-semester freshmen now el-
igible for extracurricular participa-
tion.
Dean Joseph A. Bursley will open1
the informal gathering, which is be-
ing sponsored by the Union under thei
direction of Jack MacLeod, '38E, at
member of the Union executive coun-
cil. Dean Bursley will give a general
description of activities.
Activities leaders will then be in-
troduced by Bonth Williams, Daily
columnist, and will later discuss in- t
formally their activities with interest-1
ed freshmen.e
MacLeod characterized the pur-i
pose of the gathering as one "to help
freshmen decide in what activity they
are most interested and for which I
they are best fitted."
Student leaders who will be present
and the organizations they represent
are as follows: Marshall D. Shulman,
editorial director, and John R. Park,
business manager of The Daily; Gil-
bert Tilles, editor, and C. Grant
Barnes, business manager of the Gar-
goyle; Frank T. Dannemiller, editor,
and Lloyd Strickland, business man-
ager of the 'Ensian; William Struve,
executive-secretary of the Union;
Miller G. Sherwood, president of the
Men's Council; Hugh Bristol, man-
ager of tie basketball team; Robert
Williams, a member of the Glee Club;
George Cosper, president of the In-
terfraternity Council; Ernest Jones,
business manager of the Varsity-
R.O.T.C. Band; Richard C. Clar,
president of the Student Christian
Association; and Robert H. Baldwin,
editor-in-chief of the Michigan Tech-
nic.
Judge Gadola
To Insist Upon
Contempt Trial
Strike Leaders Must Make
Appearance To Admit
Jurisdiction Of Court
FLINT, Feb. 17.-R)-The Na-
tional Guard's peacefu occupation of
! Flint neared an end today, but an-
other legal phase of the recent Gen-
eral Motors strikes remained to be

concluded.
Circuit Judge Paul V. Gadola,
whose injunction forbidding strikers
to occupy two Fisher Body plants was
disregarded by the strikers for seven
days, declared that he would insist
that strike leaders come into court
and purge themselves of contempt.
No one at the international head-
quarters of the United Automobile
Workers of America, in Detroit, would
indicate whether officials had been
ordered to appear in court at Flint,
nor would anyone comment on the
situation.
One provisionofrthe strike settle-
ment signed at Detroit last Thursday
was that the injunction proceedings
and the subsequent writs of attach-
ment for strikers and Union leaders
would be dropped, subject to the will
of the court. John Thomas Smith.

stitution in spirit if not in substance.
Mr. Roosevelt," he said, "has not
exactly attacked the Supreme Court.
He has tried to stab it in the back.
"I cannot believe that the Ameri-
can people can be deceived in plac-
ing their liberties in the hands of
one man," he asserted, "if they can be
brought to understand the evident
purpose and plain effect of the Pres-
ident's proposal.
End Is Unlawful
"Under the guise of increasing the
efficiency of the Federal Court sys-
tem so as to produce greater rapidity
of its processes and procedings," Pro-
fessor Reeves said, "the President has
chosen a possibly lawful method to
accomplish an unlawful end. In
other words, the power of Congress
to determine the size of the courts is
to be used to deprive the Supreme
Court of its independence and there-J
by to deprive it of its proper and
historic function of a court of justice
and make it subservient to the Con-
gress or to the President.
"If the bill passes, it will be be-
cause of the subservience of the Con-
gress to the President.
"With the appointive power in the
hands of the President," Professor
Reeves pointed out, "the court would
in effect come under the control of
the President. 'When law ends, ty-
ranny begins,' even if the tyrant be
benevolent or supported apparently
by popular esteem.'
Charges Campaign Evasion
Professor Reeves criticized the
President for not referring during
his campaign for reelection to this
Court proposal, which entails the
possible appointment of as many as
six additional justices to the nine al-
ready sitting on the highest bench in
the nation. "Such a grave proposal
should have been discussed during
the recent campaign," he declared,
"and Mr. Roosevelt did not discuss it.
"If the American people desire to
destroy the historic independence of
the Supreme Court, there will should
be ascertained by a proposal to that
end through a constitutional amend-
ment.
"The end of government under the
Constitution is not only to allow ma-
(Continued on Page 2)
Falling Section
Of Gate Bridge
Kills Ten. Men

Democrats Ask
Congressional
Power Of Veto
Against Court
Western Senators Propose
Two-Third Majority Vote
In CongressAs Check
Bill Fails To Get
Support In Senate
WASHINGTON, Feb. 17.-()-
Democratic independents, opposed to
President Roosevelt's court reorgani-
zation proposal, submitted a compro-
mise today only to see it encounter
nearly the same excited opposition
that greeted the White House plan
itself.
Senators Wheeler of Montana and
Bone of Washington, acting jointly,
introduced a resolution embodying a
Constitutional amendment under
which Congress by' a two-thirds vote
could set aside a decision of the Su-
preme Court.
However well intended, the pro-
posal had the immediate effect of at-
tracting the opposition of large
groups of both sides of the greater
controversy over Mr. Roosevelt's pro-
gram for infusing "new blood" into
the high tribunal by appointing new
justices.
Senators Burke (Dem.-Neb.), Van
Nuys (Dem.-Ind.), King (Dem.-Utah)
and others who have assumed a
prominent position among foes of
the Roosevelt idea were quick to de-
clare against the Wheeler-Bone pro-
posal.
Plan Not A Substitute
From the camp which is supporting
the President emerged statements
that while the Wheeler-Bone amend*
ment might have its merits, and
might well supplement the White
House program, it was not to be con-
sidered as a substitute for it.
President Roosevelt, himself, was
silent and at the capitol others prom-
inently identified with the opposition
such as Senators Glass (Dem.-Va.),
Borah (Rep.-Ida) and Clark (Dem.-
Mo.) declined to comment.
The Senate approved a resolution
by McCarran (Dem.-Nev.) calling on
the executive departments and agen-
cies for information on injunctions
granted since March 4, 1933, enjoin-
ing the operation of Federal laws.
Senator Byrnes (Dem.-S.C.) car-
ried on the administration's nightly
series of radio speeches supporting
the President. He asserted the pre-
sent battle was "merely a continu-
ance of the fight in the recent cam-
paign over the things the President
pledged to the people."
D.A.R. In Action
The "great debate began in the
Senate, even though the Roosevelt
proposals are not officially before
that branch of Congress.
The D.A.R.'s national defense
committee called on such members
of the D.A.R. as disagree with the
President's proposal to express their
opinions to Congressmen.
Secretary Wallace said he believed
the farmers would back the President.
"If you can't get a constitutional
amendment through with all the agi-
tation that there is at the present
moment, then God help Mr. Roose-
velt's general program," said Wheel-
er, in answer to objections that the
amendment idea involved much de-
lay.
"This is the only amendment that
the Supreme Court could not whittle
away by interpretation," he said. "It

is not subject to modification by in-
terpretation in the light of the due
process clause and other parts of
the constitution."
Ann Arbor Mayor
Has A Tough Job,
Copeland Declares,

Plunging Mass Of
Carries Trapped
With It IntoBay
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb.
huge mass of steel and timber
feet from the Golden Gate
into the ocean today, carrying

Steel
Men
17.-A
fell 200
bridge
10 men

to death in the meshes of a safety net
designed to protect their lives.
With a prolonged roar, tons of
metal and wood being used as pav-
ing framework broke loose from a
deck of the gigantic $35,000,000 bridge
and hurtled at least 13 men to the
sea below.
The plummeting tangle of men and
materials hit the safety net stretch-
ing for more than a mile along the
under side of the bridge deck, broke
the life web and peeled it off so that
it fell into the water like a monster
strip of fabric in the unrolling pro-
cess.
Nearby fishing boats and fast mov-
ing coast guardsmen sped to the
scene and immediately recovered one
body and two living men.
All witnesses and authorities agreed
that the nine missing men had vir-
tually no chance of survival.
The missing were listed as Chris
Anderson, William Bass, James Hil-"
len, Terrence Halliman, Charles Lin-
ders, Jack Norman, Noel Flowers or
Louis Russell, O. Dester and C. A.
Anderson.
Thomas Casey, the 13th worker,
fell a short distance to a beam
bracket but was pulled back to safety
by fellow workers.
Bridge officials said the failure of
a wheel on a 'trolley carrier system
acted with a trigger-like effect to
start the ripping away of the frame-
work.
Homer Martin Will
Come To Ann Arbor
Homer Martin, international pres-
ident of the United Automobile
Workers of America, will be in Ann
Arbor sometime in the near future,
he said last night in a telegram to

McLaghlhin Finds Little Room
For Self -Suppo'tig Periodicals

There is little room on the campus
for more self-supporting student
publications, Prof. William A. Mc-
Laughlin of the romance languages
department, newly-elected chairman
of the Board in Control of Student
Publications, observed in an inter-
view yesterday, adding, however, that
"the literary interests at Michigan
seem to find expression in 'Contem-
porary' which might well be en-
couraged by the student body."
Citing the national honors won by
several of the University student
publications, Professor McLaughlin

English department. "In order to
provide continuity in the chairman-
ship," he commented, "a permanent
chairman was appointed by President
Ruthven rather than a temporary
head during the absence of Professor
Strauss."
If a new member is appointed to
the Board to temporarily replace
Professor Strauss, that appointment
will be made by President Ruthven,
Professor McLaughlin explained.
Professor Strauss, however,, is ex-
pected to resume his position as a
member of the Board upon his return

b
i
3

Being Mayor of Ann Arbor must
be a tough job, if you take the word
of United States Senator Royal S.
Copeland of New York who held the
post from 1901 to 1903.
Senator Copeland, who has been
mentioned as a possible candidate for
the mayorality of New York City, an-
nounced yesterday that he would
under no condition consider running
for the position.
He said in New York that his ex-
perience as mayor of Ann Arbor gave
him an indication of what he might
expect as chief executive of .the
world's largest metropolis.

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